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Topical Tranexamic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128416/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-topical-application-of-tranexamic-acid-in-primary-cementless-hip-arthroplasty-prospective-randomised-double-blind-and-controlled-study
#1
F J Tavares Sánchez-Monge, I Aguado Maestro, A Bañuelos Díaz, M Á Martín Ferrero, M F García Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of topical tranexamic acid topical in cementless total hip arthroplasty from the point of view of bleeding, transfusion requirements and length of stay, and describe the complications of use compared to a control group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, randomised, double-blinded and controlled study including all patients undergoing cementless total hip arthroplasty in our centre between June 2014 and July 2015. Blood loss was estimated using the formula described by Nadler and Good...
November 8, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125679/topical-tranexamic-acid-compared-with-anterior-nasal-packing-for-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-patients-taking-antiplatelet-drugs-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Reza Zahed, Mohammad Hossain Mousavi Jazayeri, Asieh Naderi, Zeinab Naderpour, Morteza Saeedi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of topical application of the injectable form of tranexamic acid (TXA) compared with anterior nasal packing (ANP) for the treatment of epistaxis in patients taking antiplatelet drugs (Aspirin, Clopidegrol or both) who presented to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: A randomized, parallel group clinical trial was conducted at 2 EDs. A total of 124 participants were randomized to receive topical TXA (500 mg in 5 ml) or ANP, 62 patients per group...
November 10, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119286/no-effect-of-topical-application-of-tranexamic-acid-on-articular-cartilage
#3
Luiz Felipe Ambra, Laura de Girolamo, Wanting Niu, Amy Phan, Myron Spector, Andreas H Gomoll
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate potential cytotoxicity of TXA on articular cartilage by assessing chondrocyte viability of osteochondral explants after exposure to different concentrations and durations of TXA. METHODS: Thirty-nine osteochondral plugs (OCPs) were harvested from three adult Yucatan minipigs immediately after their death. OCPs were divided into 13 groups exposed to different concentrations of TXA (1, 2 and 4 mg/ml in saline solution) for 1, 3 and 6 h...
November 8, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110696/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-collagen-sponge-and-topical-tranexamic-acid-in-posterior-spinal-fusion-surgeries
#4
Derong Xu, Qianyu Zhuang, Zheng Li, Zhinan Ren, Xin Chen, Shugang Li
BACKGROUND: This is a randomized controlled trial research to assess the hemostatic efficacy of gelatin sponge, collagen sponge, and topical use of tranexamic acid (TXA) on postoperative blood loss in posterior spinal fusion surgeries. METHODS: We recruited patients with spinal degenerative diseases into the study from November 2013 to October 2016. All the participants were assigned to 3 groups using a simple, equal-probability randomization scheme: group A is a control group utilizing gelatin sponge, while groups B and C are experimental groups, applying collagen hemostatic sponge and topical TXA respectively...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108091/effects-of-low-dose-epinephrine-on-perioperative-hemostasis-and-inflammatory-reaction-in-major-surgeries-a%C3%A2-randomized%C3%A2-clinical-trial
#5
J L Liu, W N Zeng, F Y Wang, C Chen, X Y Gong, H Yang, Z J Tan, X L Jia, L Yang
BACKGROUND: Haemostasis, thrombosis, and surgical stress-induced immune reaction are important for perioperative morbidity and recovery in major surgeries. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of combined administration of low-dose epinephrine (LDEPI) plus tranexamic acid (TXA) on perioperative blood loss, thromboembolic complications, and inflammatory response in total hip arthroplasty (THA). PATIENTS /METHODS: Patients scheduled for THA (n = 195) were randomized into 3 interventions: intravenous (IV) LDEPI plus TXA (Group IV); topical (TP) diluted-epinephrine plus TXA (Group TP); and TXA alone as control (CT) (Group CT)...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107495/oral-vs-intravenous-vs-topical-tranexamic-acid-in-primary-hip-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-controlled-study
#6
Ze-Yu Luo, Hao-Yang Wang, Duan Wang, Kai Zhou, Fu-Xing Pei, Zong-Ke Zhou
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) has demonstrated efficacy in reducing blood loss, reduction in hemoglobin, and blood transfusion requirements in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). The optimal mode of TXA administration for patients undergoing primary THA is unclear. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to determine whether oral administration of TXA was superior to intravenous or topical routes in these patients. METHODS: In this double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, patients undergoing primary THA were randomized to oral (2 g TXA orally 2 hours preoperatively), intravenous (20 mg/kg intravenous TXA bolus 5 minutes before the incision), or topical (2 g TXA applied topically) TXA groups...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078788/the-efficacy-of-tranexamic-acid-using-oral-administration-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Lu-Kai Zhang, Jian-Xiong Ma, Ming-Jie Kuang, Jie Zhao, Bin Lu, Ying Wang, Xin-Long Ma, Zheng-Rui Fan
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is gradually regarded as an effective choice for end-stage osteoarthritis or rheumatic arthritis. In the past, the management of tranexamic acid (TXA) using intravenous injection or topical application has been extensively researched. However, several studies have reported that oral TXA has an effect on blood loss. Therefore, a meta-analysis should be performed to determine whether oral TXA helps to prevent blood loss. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials or retrospective cohort studies about relevant studies were searched in PubMed (1996-April 2017), Embase (1980-April 2017), and the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL, April 2017)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062824/comparative-study-of-topical-vs-intravenous-tranexamic-acid-regarding-blood-loss-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#8
Ari Zekcer, Ricardo Del Priori, Clauber Tieppo, Ricardo Soares da Silva, Nilson Roberto Severino
OBJECTIVE: To compare topical vs. intravenous tranexamic acid (TA) in total knee arthroplasty regarding blood loss and transfusion. METHODS: Ninety patients were randomized to receive TA intravenously (20 mg/kg in 100 mL of saline; group IV), topically (1.5 g in 50 mL of saline, sprayed over the operated site, before release of the tourniquet; topical group), or intravenous saline (100 mL with anesthesia; control group). The volume of drained blood in 48 h, the amount of transfused blood, and the serum levels of hemoglobin and hematocrit before and after surgery were evaluated...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049210/topical-use-of-tranexamic-acid-can-effectively-decrease-hidden-blood-loss-during-posterior-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-a-retrospective-study
#9
Zhinan Ren, Shugang Li, Lin Sheng, Qianyu Zhuang, Zheng Li, Derong Xu, Xin Chen, Pengxiang Jiang, Xiao Zhang
In spinal fusion surgery, total blood loss (TBL) is composed of visible blood loss from the surgical field and wound drainage, and hidden blood loss (HBL). Until now, no published studies exist reporting the effect of topical use of tranexamic acid (tTXA) on HBL in patients undergoing posterior lumbar spinal fusion surgery. This study aimed to explore the effect of tTXA on HBL during primary posterior lumbar spinal fusion surgery. Between September 2014 and September 2016, 100 adult patients (age > 18 years) with lumbar disc herniation or lumbar spinal stenosis undergoing primary posterior lumbar instrumented spinal fusions at 1 institution were divided into tTXA and control groups...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049195/the-efficacy-of-combined-intra-articular-and-intravenous-tranexamic-acid-for-blood-loss-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Zhao Wang, Xiaofei Shen
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to illustrate the efficacy and safety of combined topical and intravenous (IV) tranexamic acid (TXA) for blood loss control in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients. METHODS: In April 2017, a systematic computer-based search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Google database. Data on patients prepared for TKA surgery in studies that compared combined topical and IV TXA versus placebo, topical, or IV TXA alone were retrieved...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039330/comparison-of-tranexamic-acid-pharmacokinetics-after-intra-articular-and-intravenous-administration-in-rabbits
#11
Gen-Xiang Rong, Chen-Lin Shen, Bin-Jie Gui, Hao Yin, Zhi Tang
Tranexamic Acid (TXA) is commonly administered in total knee arthroplasty for reducing blood loss. There has been a growing interest in the topical use of TXA except intravenous use for prevention of bleeding in TKA. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a HPLC-MS method to detect TXA and apply to compare the pharmacokinetic profile of TXA after intravenous (IV) and topical intra-articular (IA) application of TXA at a dose of 20 mg/kg in rabbits. In order to prove intra-articular administration is better than that of intravenous administration from the point of rabbit pharmacokinetic...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027510/comparing-the-efficacy-of-topical-hydroquinone-2-vs-intradermal-tranexamic-acid-microinjections-in-treating-melasma-a-split-face-controlled-trial
#12
Nasrin Saki, Mohammad Darayesh, Alireza Heiran
INTRODUCTION: Melasma is a benign, acquired, and chronic hypermelanosis. Topical hydroquinone (HQ) is a conventional choice to treat melasma. Tranexamic acid (TA) is a relatively new brightening agent that interferes with keratinocyte- melanocyte interactions. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy and safety of TA intradermal injections with HQ in treating melasma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this split-face controlled trial, thirty-seven patients were randomized to receive three monthly sessions of TA intradermal injections either on the right or the left side of their face, and topical HQ once a night for three months on the other side...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016673/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-comparing-combined-intravenous-and-topical-tranexamic-acid-with-intravenous-administration-alone-in-tha
#13
REVIEW
Yangbai Sun, Chaoyin Jiang, Qingfeng Li
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of combined intravenous and topical tranexamic acid with intravenous use alone in THA. METHODS: The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS, Cochrane central, and further adapted for Google and Google Scholar internet, last updated on Dec 30, 2016, were searched. Evaluated outcomes included total blood loss, transfusion rate, maximum postoperative Hb drop, and incidence of thromboembolic complications. The standard mean difference (SMD) or the relative risk (RR) was calculated for continuous or dichotomous data respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979607/application-of-tranexamic-acid-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-prospective-randomized-trial
#14
Joao Paulo Fernandes Guerreiro, Bruno Scatolon Badaro, Jose Rodolfo Martines Balbino, Marcus Vinicius Danieli, Alexandre Oliveira Queiroz, Daniele Cristina Cataneo
BACKGROUND: The use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has shown good results. Bleeding may cause local complications consequently greater pain and reduced function postoperatively. No study has related the use of TXA to these facts. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the effects of TXA haemoglobin, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index (WOMAC), pain intensity and flexion gain after TKA. METHODS: 43 patients were randomized and then underwent TKA...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968480/topically-applied-epsilon-aminocaproic-acid-reduces-blood-loss-and-length-of-hospital-stay-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#15
Robert A Harper, Mark G Sucher, Mauro Giordani, Alexander J Nedopil
Perioperative blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) affects postoperative recovery. Tranexamic acid is safe and efficient in reducing blood loss without increasing thromboembolic events. Epsilon-aminocaproic acid (ε-ACA) is less expensive than and as safe as tranexamic acid. Its efficiency when locally applied in TKA is unknown. The authors retrospectively followed 240 consecutive patients treated by 1 surgeon with TKA from January 2012 to August 2016. From January 2013 to May 2015, the authors topically applied 5 g of ε-ACA to the open wound after tourniquet release and before closure (ε-ACA-after-tourniquet-release group)...
October 2, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865948/a-new-topical-hemostatic-agent-tt-173-reduces-blood-loss-in-a-sheep-model-of-total-knee-arthroplasty
#16
Alberto Centeno, Santiago Rojas, Belén Arias, Ignasi Miquel, Pilar Sánchez, Claudia Ureta, Esther Rincón, Ramón López, Jesús Murat
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty is associated with blood loss during the intervention and may require allogenic blood transfusion. Treatments such as tranexamic acid and fibrin sealants improved the bleeding control in several clinical trials, but the hemorrhage associated with the intervention is still significant. Thus far, very few studies have evaluated hemostatic treatments in animal models of total knee arthroplasty. This work describes a sheep model of bleeding associated with total knee arthroplasty and investigates a new class of hemostatic treatment based on recombinant tissue factor...
August 30, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765007/combined-intravenous-topical-and-oral-tranexamic-acid-administration-in-total-knee-replacement-evaluation-of-safety-in-patients-with-previous-thromboembolism-and-effect-on-hemoglobin-level-and-transfusion-rate
#17
Joris A Jansen, Joost R C Lameijer, Barbara A M Snoeker
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate the safety of combined intravenous, oral and topical tranexamic acid (TXA) in primary total knee replacement. We assessed dose-related efficacy on hemoglobin level, transfusion, length of stay and thromboembolic complications. In addition, TXA safety in patients with previous history of thromboembolism >12months ago was monitored specifically. METHODS: From January 2013 until January 2016, 922 patients were included who received TXA after primary total knee replacement...
July 29, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757131/oral-tranexamic-acid-reduces-transfusions-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#18
Roger E Perreault, Christine A Fournier, David A Mattingly, Richard P Junghans, Carl T Talmo
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) reduces intraoperative blood loss and transfusions in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. Although numerous studies demonstrate the efficacy of intravenous and topical TXA in these patients, few demonstrate the effectiveness and appropriate dosing recommendations of oral formulations. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate differences in transfusion requirements in patients undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty with either no TXA (n = 866), a single-dose of oral TXA (n = 157), or both preoperative and postoperative oral TXA (n = 1049)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748406/therapeutic-effects-of-topical-tranexamic-acid-in-comparison-with-hydroquinone-in-treatment-of-women-with-melasma
#19
Najmolsadat Atefi, Behzad Dalvand, Mahammadreza Ghassemi, Golnaz Mehran, Amir Heydarian
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have focused on therapeutic as well as side effects of tranexamic acid (TXA) as a topical drug compared to other topical drugs in treating melasma. The present study aimed to assess and compare the beneficial therapeutic effects and also side effects of local TXA in comparison with hydroquinone in treating women with melasma. METHODS: This randomized double-blinded clinical trial was performed on 60 women who suffered from melasma and were referred to the skin disorders clinic at the Rasoul-e-Akram hospital in Tehran in 2015...
September 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746213/is-combined-topical-and-intravenous-tranexamic-acid-superior-to-single-use-of-tranexamic-acid-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-from-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Liqing Yang, Shuai Du, Yuefeng Sun
BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy and safety of the combined application of both intravenous and topical tranexamic acid (TXA) versus the single use of either application in patients with total knee and hip arthroplasty (TKA and THA). METHODS: Potentially relevant studies were identified from electronic databases including Medline, PubMed, Embase, ScienceDirect, and the Cochrane Library. Randomized control trials (RCTs) of patients prepared for total joint arthroplasty that compared combined TXA with placebo were retrieved...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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