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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406847/nontechnical-skill-training-and-the-use-of-scenarios-in-modern-surgical-education
#1
Oliver Brunckhorst, Muhammad S Khan, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nontechnical skills are being increasingly recognized as a core reason of surgical errors. Combined with the changing nature of surgical training, there has therefore been an increase in nontechnical skill research in the literature. This review therefore aims to: define nontechnical skillsets, assess current training methods, explore assessment modalities and suggest future research aims. RECENT FINDINGS: The literature demonstrates an increasing understanding of the components of nontechnical skills within surgery...
April 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392018/comprehensive-simulation-enhanced-training-curriculum-for-an-advanced-minimally-invasive-procedure-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Boris Zevin, Nicolas J Dedy, Esther M Bonrath, Teodor P Grantcharov
BACKGROUND: There is no comprehensive simulation-enhanced training curriculum to address cognitive, psychomotor, and nontechnical skills for an advanced minimally invasive procedure. OBJECTIVES: 1) To develop and provide evidence of validity for a comprehensive simulation-enhanced training (SET) curriculum for an advanced minimally invasive procedure; (2) to demonstrate transfer of acquired psychomotor skills from a simulation laboratory to live porcine model; and (3) to compare training outcomes of SET curriculum group and chief resident group...
December 2, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362964/commentary-an-introduction-to-leadership-self-assessment-at-the-society-of-neurological-surgeons-post-graduate-year-1-boot-camp-observations-and-commentary
#3
Matthew A Hunt, Carl B Heilman, Max Shutran, Julian K Wu
Recent trends in graduate medical education have emphasized the mastery of nontechnical skills, especially leadership, for neurosurgical trainees. Accordingly, we introduced leadership development and self-awareness training to interns attending the Society of Neurological Surgeons Post-Graduate Year 1 Boot Camp in the Northeast (New England/New York/New Jersey) region in 2015. Feedback about the session was collected from interns. While neurosurgical interns conveyed a desire to receive more information on improving their leadership skills, most indicated that guidance seemed to be lacking in this critical area...
March 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306682/training-future-anesthesiologists-in-obstetric-care
#4
Mauricio Vasco Ramírez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In order for the obstetric anesthesiologist to become a true perioperative / peripartum physician, a change in formative programs and certification process in anesthesia are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Anesthesia training programs are migrating to competency based medical education (CBME) worldwide. The traditional model of attending lectures, grand rounds, reading textbooks and journal papers should be complemented by virtual modalities such as massive open online courses or online teaching tools...
April 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294695/operating-room-team-training-with-simulation-a-systematic-review
#5
Jamie M Robertson, Roger D Dias, Steven Yule, Douglas S Smink
INTRODUCTION: Nontechnical skills (NTS) such as teamwork and communication play an important role in preventing adverse outcomes in the operating room (OR). Simulation-based OR team training focused on these skills provides an environment where team members can learn with and from one another. We sought to conduct a systematic review to identify simulation-based approaches to NTS training for surgical teams. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, ERIC, and the Cochrane Database using keywords and MeSH terms for studies describing simulation-based training for OR teams, including members from surgery, anesthesia, and nursing in September 2016...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286528/evaluation-of-a-pilot-project-to-introduce-simulation-based-team-training-to-pediatric-surgery-trauma-room-care
#6
Markus Lehner, Ellen Heimberg, Florian Hoffmann, Oliver Heinzel, Hans-Joachim Kirschner, Martina Heinrich
Introduction. Several studies in pediatric trauma care have demonstrated substantial deficits in both prehospital and emergency department management. Methods. In February 2015 the PAEDSIM collaborative conducted a one and a half day interdisciplinary, simulation based team-training course in a simulated pediatric emergency department. 14 physicians from the medical fields of pediatric surgery, pediatric intensive care and emergency medicine, and anesthesia participated, as well as four pediatric nurses. After a theoretical introduction and familiarization with the simulator, course attendees alternately participated in six simulation scenarios and debriefings...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249090/performance-of-vascular-exposure-and-fasciotomy-among-surgical-residents-before-and-after-training-compared-with-experts
#7
Colin F Mackenzie, Evan Garofalo, Adam Puche, Hegang Chen, Kristy Pugh, Stacy Shackelford, Samuel Tisherman, Sharon Henry, Mark W Bowyer
Importance: Surgical patient outcomes are related to surgeon skills. Objective: To measure resident surgeon technical and nontechnical skills for trauma core competencies before and after training and up to 18 months later and to compare resident performance with the performance of expert traumatologists. Design, Setting, and Participants: This longitudinal study performed from May 1, 2013, through February 29, 2016, at Maryland State Anatomy Board cadaver laboratories included 40 surgical residents and 10 expert traumatologists...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188003/current-status-of-simulation-based-training-tools-in-orthopedic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
Michael Morgan, Abdullatif Aydin, Alan Salih, Shibby Robati, Kamran Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of orthopedic training and assessment simulators with reference to their level of evidence (LoE) and level of recommendation. DESIGN: Medline and EMBASE library databases were searched for English language articles published between 1980 and 2016, describing orthopedic simulators or validation studies of these models. All studies were assessed for LoE, and each model was subsequently awarded a level of recommendation using a modified Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine classification, adapted for education...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118165/assessment-of-competence-developing-trends-and-ethical-considerations
#9
Melissa Chin, Robert S Lagasse
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores new concepts in competency assessment in anesthesiology, the associated ethical challenges, and directions for new research. RECENT FINDINGS: Many new tools for the assessment of competence are currently in development to address changes in medical education curricula. The assessment of competence currently focuses on technical skills, nontechnical skills, and the interaction of both through the use of simulation, with increasing emphasis on validity and reliability testing...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110855/estimating-the-reliability-of-nontechnical-skills-in-medical-teams
#10
Ipek Mete, Michael T Brannick
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability of measurement of assessments of nontechnical skills in medical teams. BACKGROUND: There are several scales for assessing nontechnical skills in medical teams. In this critique, we describe the reliability of such assessments and discuss factors that may influence the obtained estimate of reliability for such scales. METHOD: A review of the literature yielded 28 reliability estimates, mostly intraclass correlations...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012843/validation-of-a-novel-cognitive-simulator-for-orbital-floor-reconstruction
#11
Renata Khelemsky, Brianna Hill, Daniel Buchbinder
PURPOSE: The increasing focus on patient safety in current medical practice has promoted the development of surgical simulation technology in the form of virtual reality (VR) training designed largely to improve technical skills and less so for nontechnical aspects of surgery such as decision making and material knowledge. The present study investigated the validity of a novel cognitive VR simulator called Touch Surgery for a core maxillofacial surgical procedure: orbital floor reconstruction (OFR)...
April 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011262/training-tools-for-nontechnical-skills-for-surgeons-a-systematic-review
#12
Thomas Charles Wood, Nicholas Raison, Shreya Haldar, Oliver Brunckhorst, Craig McIlhenny, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: Development of nontechnical skills for surgeons has been recognized as an important factor in surgical care. Training tools for this specific domain are being created and validated to maximize the surgeon's nontechnical ability. This systematic review aims to outline, address, and recommend these training tools. DESIGN: A full and comprehensive literature search, using a systematic format, was performed on ScienceDirect and PubMed, with data extraction occurring in line with specified inclusion criteria...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011009/early-crisis-nontechnical-skill-teaching-in-residency-leads-to-long-term-skill-retention-and-improved-performance-during-crises-a-prospective-nonrandomized-controlled-study
#13
Aristithes G Doumouras, Paul T Engels
BACKGROUND: Medical error is common in crises, and the majority of observed errors are nontechnical in nature. The long-term impact of teaching crisis nontechnical skills to residents has not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of simulation-based teaching of crisis nontechnical skills compared to controls one year after initial teaching. METHODS: This was a prospective study using both historical controls and a before-and-after methodology to evaluate the effect of a high-fidelity simulation curriculum that used crisis resource management principles to teach nontechnical skills...
December 20, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009731/combining-systems-and-teamwork-approaches-to-enhance-the-effectiveness-of-safety-improvement-interventions-in-surgery-the-safer-delivery-of-surgical-services-s3-program
#14
Peter McCulloch, Lauren Morgan, Steve New, Ken Catchpole, Eleanor Roberston, Mohammed Hadi, Sharon Pickering, Gary Collins, Damian Griffin
IMPORTANCE: Patient safety improvement interventions usually address either work systems or team culture. We do not know which is more effective, or whether combining approaches is beneficial. OBJECTIVE: To compare improvement in surgical team performance after interventions addressing teamwork culture, work systems, or both. DESIGN: Suite of 5 identical controlled before-after intervention studies, with preplanned analysis of pooled data for indirect comparisons of strategies...
January 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009653/teamwork-assessment-tools-in-obstetric-emergencies-a-systematic-review
#15
Desire N Onwochei, Stephen Halpern, Mrinalini Balki
INTRODUCTION: Team-based training and simulation can improve patient safety, by improving communication, decision making, and performance of team members. Currently, there is no general consensus on whether or not a specific assessment tool is better adapted to evaluate teamwork in obstetric emergencies. The purpose of this qualitative systematic review was to find the tools available to assess team effectiveness in obstetric emergencies. METHODS: We searched Embase, Medline, PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Google Scholar for prospective studies that evaluated nontechnical skills in multidisciplinary teams involving obstetric emergencies...
December 22, 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973648/complementing-operating-room-teaching-with-video-based-coaching
#16
Yue-Yung Hu, Laura M Mazer, Steven J Yule, Alexander F Arriaga, Caprice C Greenberg, Stuart R Lipsitz, Atul A Gawande, Douglas S Smink
Importance: Surgical expertise demands technical and nontechnical skills. Traditionally, surgical trainees acquired these skills in the operating room; however, operative time for residents has decreased with duty hour restrictions. As in other professions, video analysis may help maximize the learning experience. Objective: To develop and evaluate a postoperative video-based coaching intervention for residents. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this mixed methods analysis, 10 senior (postgraduate year 4 and 5) residents were videorecorded operating with an attending surgeon at an academic tertiary care hospital...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918336/resident-physicians-improve-nontechnical-skills-when-on-operating-room-management-and-leadership-rotation
#17
Devon C Cole, Christopher R Giordano, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Brenda G Fahy
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology residency primarily emphasizes the development of medical knowledge and technical skills. Yet, nontechnical skills (NTS) are also vital to successful clinical practice. Elements of NTS are communication, teamwork, situational awareness, and decision making. METHODS: The first 10 consecutive senior residents who chose to participate in this 2-week elective rotation of operating room (OR) management and leadership training were enrolled in this study, which spanned from March 2013 to March 2015...
January 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825662/talk-the-talk-implementing-a-communication-curriculum-for-surgical-residents
#18
Anna B Newcomb, Amber W Trickey, Melissa Porrey, Jeffrey Wright, Franco Piscitani, Paula Graling, Jonathan Dort
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education milestones provide a framework of specific interpersonal and communication skills that surgical trainees should aim to master. However, training and assessment of resident nontechnical skills remains challenging. We aimed to develop and implement a curriculum incorporating interactive learning principles such as group discussion and simulation-based scenarios to formalize instruction in patient-centered communication skills, and to identify best practices when building such a program...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816110/in-the-grip-of-expertise
#19
REVIEW
Matthew M Tomaino, Janet Thirlby
Effective, collaborative leadership is one of the most credible and important predictors of team performance. This is relevant to us as surgeons because teamwork is now a common part of the vernacular in health care, we do not operate in a vacuum without a team, and we are well positioned to assume a leadership role on our teams. However, our standing as experts, our training and the way we were mentored, an insufficient concept of leadership as a process as opposed to a position, and inadequate nontechnical skills may disadvantage us as surgeons as collaborative members of teams...
November 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771338/tools-for-assessment-of-communication-skills-of-hospital-action-teams-a-systematic-review
#20
Shady A Rehim, Stephanie DeMoor, Richard Olmsted, Daniel L Dent, Jessica Parker-Raley
BACKGROUND: Hospital action teams comprise interdisciplinary health care providers working simultaneously to treat critically ill patients. Assessments designed to evaluate communication effectiveness or "nontechnical" performance of these teams are essential to minimize medical errors and improve team productivity. Although multiple communication tools are available, the characteristics and psychometric validity of these instruments have yet to be systematically compared. OBJECTIVE: To identify assessments used to evaluate the communication or "nontechnical" performance of hospital action teams and summarize evidence to develop and validate these instruments...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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