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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455162/evaluation-of-learning-from-practical-obstetric-multi-professional-training-and-its-impact-on-patient-outcomes-in-australia-using-kirkpatrick-s-framework-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Arunaz Kumar, Sam Sturrock, Euan M Wallace, Debra Nestel, Donna Lucey, Sally Stoyles, Jenny Morgan, Peter Neil, Michelle Schlipalius, Philip Dekoninck
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the Practical Obstetric Multi-Professional Training (PROMPT) simulation using the Kirkpatrick's framework. We explored participants' acquisition of knowledge and skills, its impact on clinical outcomes and organisational change to integrate the PROMPT programme as a credentialing tool. We also aimed to assess participants' perception of usefulness of PROMPT in their clinical practice. STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods approach with a pre-test/post-test design...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428359/laparoscopic-simulator-for-pediatric-ureteral-reimplantation-lap-spur-following-the-lich-gregoir-technique
#2
Carolina Millán, Mercedes Rey, Manuel Lopez
OBJECTIVE: Acquiring surgical skills requires regular practice. Medical evidence supports that these skills can be learned outside the operating room (OR). The aim of the current study was to describe the first laparoscopic simulator for ureteral reimplantation (LAP-SPUR) following Lich- Gregoir technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LAP-SPUR was manufactured using reusable and disposable materials. The technique can be summarized in the following five steps: (1) a transperitoneal approach; (2) extra-vesical ureteral dissection; (3) detrusor division until exposing the mucosa; (4) reimplanting ureter into the new tunnel; and (5) reapproximation and suturing of the detrusor...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424934/effect-of-individual-structured-and-qualified-feedback-on-improving-clinical-performance-of-dental-students-in-clinical-courses-randomised-controlled-study
#3
I M Schüler, R Heinrich-Weltzien, M Eiselt
AIM: Analysis of the effect of individual structured and qualified feedback (FB) on practical skills development of dental students during clinical courses. METHODS: Fifty-three final-year dental students at Jena University Hospital participated in this prospective randomised controlled interventional study. Two calibrated assessors evaluated 128 pre- and post-assessments of 4 different dental treatment steps performed by dental students during the integrated clinical course in restorative dentistry and prosthodontics and the clinical course paediatric dentistry...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422222/rating-teams-non-technical-skills-in-the-emergency-department-a-qualitative-study-of-nurses-experience
#4
Joanne E Porter, Robyn P Cant, Simon J Cooper
INTRODUCTION: Non-technical skills (NTS) teamwork training can enhance clinicians' understanding of roles and improve communication. We evaluated a quality improvement project rating teams' NTS performance to determine the value of formal rating and debriefing processes. METHODS: In two Australian emergency departments the NTS of resuscitation teams were rated by senior nurses and medical staff. Key measures were leadership, teamwork, and task management using a valid instrument: Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM™)...
February 5, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412098/leadership-in-crisis-situations-merging-the-interdisciplinary-silos
#5
Hugo Paquin, Ilana Bank, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen, Rachel Fisher, Peter Nugus
Purpose Complex clinical situations, involving multiple medical specialists, create potential for tension or lack of clarity over leadership roles and may result in miscommunication, errors and poor patient outcomes. Even though copresence has been shown to overcome some differences among team members, the coordination literature provides little guidance on the relationship between coordination and leadership in highly specialized health settings. The purpose of this paper is to determine how different specialties involved in critical medical situations perceive the role of a leader and its contribution to effective crisis management, to better define leadership and improve interdisciplinary leadership and education...
February 5, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411953/exploring-the-use-of-high-fidelity-simulation-training-to-enhance-clinical-skills
#6
Lucy Ann Kirkham
The use of interprofessional simulation training to enhance nursing students' performance of technical and non-technical clinical skills is becoming increasingly common. Simulation training can involve the use of role play, virtual reality or patient simulator manikins to replicate clinical scenarios and assess the nursing student's ability to, for example, undertake clinical observations or work as part of a team. Simulation training enables nursing students to practise clinical skills in a safe environment...
February 7, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407256/the-influence-of-situation-awareness-training-on-nurses-confidence-about-patient-safety-skills-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Norman Stomski, Heather Gluyas, Prue Andrus, Anne Williams, Martin Hopkins, Jennifer Walters, Martinique Sandy, Paul Morrison
BACKGROUND: Several studies report that patient safety skills, especially non-technical skills, receive scant attention in nursing curricula. Hence, there is a compelling reason to incorporate material that enhances non-technical skills, such as situation awareness, in nursing curricula in order to assist in the reduction of healthcare related adverse events. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: 1) understand final year nursing students' confidence in their patient safety skills; and 2) examine the impact of situation awareness training on final year nursing students' confidence in their patient safety skills...
January 30, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406175/competency-based-assessment-tools-for-regional-anaesthesia-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
A Chuan, A S Wan, C F Royse, K Forrest
Competency-based assessment tools are used in regional anaesthesia to measure the performance of study participants, trainees, and consultants. This narrative review was performed to appraise currently published assessment tools for regional anaesthesia. A literature search found 397 citations of which 28 peer-reviewed studies met the inclusion criteria of primary psychometric evaluation of assessment tools for regional anaesthesia. The included studies were diverse in the type of assessment and the skill set being assessed...
February 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402315/professionalism-and-non-technical-skills-in-radiology-in-the-uk-a-review-of-the-national-curriculum
#9
F Daley, D Bister, S Markless, P Set
OBJECTIVE: To drive quality and safe clinical practice, professional values and non-technical skills need to be explicit in all postgraduate medical curricula and appropriate assessment tools should be available for teachers to apply. We interrogate a national Radiology curriculum for content on professionalism and assessment tools, comparing it with the Royal College of Physicians' 2005 document. RESULTS: We found that whilst the knowledge for practising with professional values is embedded in the curriculum, the skills that have to be acquired have not been comprehensively developed...
February 5, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399903/identifying-the-non-technical-skills-required-of-nurses-in-general-surgical-wards
#10
Dianne Marshall, Mary Finlayson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify the non-technical skills (NTS) required of nurses in general surgical wards for safe and effective care. BACKGROUND: As the largest occupational group, nurses are in an ideal position to block the vulnerabilities of patient adverse events in a surgical ward. Previous studies in the surgical environment have identified the NTS required of nurses for safe care in operating rooms however these skills have not been identified for nurses in general surgical wards...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395240/using-epistemic-network-analysis-to-identify-targets-for-educational-interventions-in-trauma-team-communication
#11
Sarah Sullivan, Charles Warner-Hillard, Brendan Eagan, Ryan J Thompson, A R Ruis, Krista Haines, Carla M Pugh, David Williamson Shaffer, Hee Soo Jung
BACKGROUND: Epistemic Network Analysis (ENA) is a technique for modeling and comparing the structure of connections between elements in coded data. We hypothesized that connections among team discourse elements as modeled by ENA would predict the quality of team performance in trauma simulation. METHODS: The Modified Non-technical Skills Scale for Trauma (T-NOTECHS) was used to score a simulation-based trauma team resuscitation. Sixteen teams of 5 trainees participated...
February 1, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393044/early-warning-score-challenges-and-opportunities-in-the-care-of-deteriorating-patients%C3%A2
#12
John Asger Petersen
Clinical deterioration of patients hospitalized on general wards is often preceded by worsening vital signs. If identified early and acted upon quickly, it is conjectured that further deterioration can be prevented. To this means the early warning score (EWS) was implemented in all hospitals in the Capital Region of Denmark in 2013. EWS consists of an aggregated weighted track-and-trigger system (TTS), to identify at-risk patients early, and a treatment protocol to escalate care appropriately and determine the level of competency of the provider...
February 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391379/training-approaches-for-the-deployment-of-a-mechanical-chest-compression-device-a-randomised-controlled-manikin-study
#13
Keith Couper, Rochelle M Velho, Tom Quinn, Anne Devrell, Ranjit Lall, Barry Orriss, Joyce Yeung, Gavin D Perkins
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of training strategy on team deployment of a mechanical chest compression device. DESIGN: Randomised controlled manikin trial. SETTING: Large teaching hospital in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty teams, each comprising three clinicians. Participating individuals were health professionals with intermediate or advanced resuscitation training. INTERVENTIONS: Teams were randomised in a 1:1 ratio to receive either standard mechanical chest compression device training or pit-crew device training...
February 1, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378616/sensemaking-in-the-formation-of-basic-life-support-teams-a-proof-of-concept-qualitative-study-of-simulated-in-hospital-cardiac-arrests
#14
Peter Hallas, Johnny Lauridsen, Mikkel Brabrand
BACKGROUND: The formation of critical care teams is a complex process where team members need to get a shared understanding of a serious situation. No previous studies have focused on how this shared understanding is achieved during the formation of cardiac arrest teams. "Sensemaking" is a concept well known in organizational studies. It refers to the collaborative effort among members in a dialogue to create meaning in an ambiguous situation, often by using subtle variations in the sentences in the dialogue...
January 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374637/emergency-percutaneous-transtracheal-jet-ventilation-in-a-hypoxic-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-setting-a-life-saving-rescue-technique
#15
Phi-Vu Dong, Leontien Ter Horst, Ralf Krage
(Un)anticipated difficult airway remains a challenge in anaesthesia. Percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation has been shown to be an adequate technique for temporary oxygenation and ventilation and has been described as an acknowledged method in emergency settings of an unanticipated difficult airway. These emergency settings can be considered as low incidence high-risk situations. Both technical and non-technical skills should be trained regularly as education and simulation continues to play an important factor in patient safety...
January 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366483/self-assessment-of-team-performance-using-t-notechs-in-simulated-pediatric-trauma-resuscitation-is-not-consistent-with-expert-assessment
#16
Minna M Wieck, Cory McLaughlin, Todd P Chang, Alyssa Rake, Caron Park, Christianne Lane, Rita V Burke, L Caulette Young, Elizabeth A Cleek, Inge Morton, Catherine J Goodhue, Randall S Burd, Henri R Ford, Jeffrey S Upperman, Aaron R Jensen
BACKGROUND: The Trauma NOn-TECHnical Skills (T-NOTECHS) tool has been used to assess teamwork in trauma resuscitation, but its reliability and validity for self-assessment is unknown. Our purpose was to determine the reliability and validity of self-administered T-NOTECHS in pediatric trauma resuscitation. METHODS: Simulated in situ resuscitations were evaluated using T-NOTECHS in real time by experts and immediately afterwards by team members. Reliability was analyzed with linear-weighted kappa and intra-class correlation...
January 20, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344523/clinical-skills-temporal-degradation-assessment-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#17
Joseph Fisher, Rebecca Viscusi, Adam Ratesic, Cameron Johnstone, Ross Kelley, Angela M Tegethoff, Jessica Bates, Elaine H Situ-Lacasse, William J Adamas-Rappaport, Richard Amini
Introduction: Medical students' ability to learn clinical procedures and competently apply these skills is an essential component of medical education. Complex skills with limited opportunity for practice have been shown to degrade without continued refresher training. To our knowledge there is no evidence that objectively evaluates temporal degradation of clinical skills in undergraduate medical education. The purpose of this study was to evaluate temporal retention of clinical skills among third year medical students...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339991/multivariate-profiles-of-selected-versus-non-selected-elite-youth-brazilian-soccer-players
#18
Rodrigo Aquino, Isabella S Alves, Maickel B Padilha, Filipe Casanova, Enrico F Puggina, José Maia
This study determined whether a multivariate profile more effectively discriminated selected than non-selected elite youth Brazilian soccer players. This examination was carried out on 66 youth soccer players (selected, n = 28, mean age 16.3 ± 0.1; non-selected, n = 38, mean age 16.7 ± 0.4) using objective instruments. Multivariate profiles were assessed through anthropometric characteristics, biological maturation, tactical-technical skills, and motor performance. The Student's t-test identified that selected players exhibited significantly higher values for height (t = 2...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338143/anesthesiology-residents-induction-month-a-pilot-study-showing-an-effective-and-safe-way-to-train-novice-residents-through-simulation
#19
Federico L Barra, Luca Carenzo, Jeffrey Franc, Claudia Montagnini, Flavia Petrini, Francesco Della Corte, Pier L Ingrassia
BACKGROUND: The transition of new residents from medical school to the post-graduate clinical environment remains challenging. We hypothesized that an introductory simulation course could improve new residents' performance in anesthesiology. METHODS: "Anesthesiology Residents Induction Month" (ARIM) was designed as a non-clinical simulation training program aiming at providing the theoretical and practical skills to safely approach, as junior anesthesiologists, the operating rooms...
January 16, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336333/simulation-and-training-in-urology-in-collaboration-with-esu-esut
#20
Domenico Veneziano, Giovanni Cacciamani, Chandra Shekhar Biyani
Being a Surgeon today means taking on your shoulders countless responsibilities. It is definitely a high-stakes job but, even though the professionals do not go through the intense, focused and demanding training schedule as followed by the other equally risky fields, it doesn't yet require any practical training certification. Simulation was introduced in the aviation field in the early '30s with the "Link Trainer", designed to reproduce the most difficult flying case scenario: landing on an air-carrier. After almost a century, flight simulation is still becoming more sophisticated, while surgical training is slowly starting to fill the gap...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
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