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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099177/medical-students-perspectives-on-implementing-curriculum-change-at-one-institution
#1
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Courtney E Baker, Kimberly D Lomis
Training physicians to be effective practitioners throughout their careers begins in undergraduate medical education with particular focus on self-directed inquiry, professional and interprofessional development, and competency-based assessment. A select number of medical schools are restructuring their curricula by placing the student at the center of content delivery to enhance the learning experience. While this restructuring may benefit the adult learner, administrators often make assumptions about how students will perceive and respond to such innovative and unfamiliar educational concepts...
January 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097675/the-swamplands-of-reflection-using-conversation-analysis-to-reveal-the-architecture-of-group-reflection-sessions
#2
Mario Veen, Anne de la Croix
CONTEXT: Many medical schools include group reflection in their curriculum, and many researchers have considered both the concept and the outcomes of reflection. However, no research has been carried out on how 'reflective talk' is structured in the classroom. This paper describes how tutors and residents organise group reflection sessions in situ by describing an example of group reflection in medical education. Our aim is to provide an evidence base that can be used by medical educators to think about the way reflection should be included in their curriculum...
January 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088740/associations-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-student-teacher-relationships-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-medications-among-adolescents
#3
Myriam Forster, Amy L Gower, Iris W Borowsky, Barbara J McMorris
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and nonmedical use of prescription medication (NMUPM) in population-based samples of adolescents, and even fewer have examined whether promotive factors might buffer these effects. The present study assesses the direct effects of ACE and positive student-teacher relationships on NUMPD and whether positive student-teacher relationships moderate this association. DESIGN: Data were from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey (MSS), an in-school survey administered every three years to students throughout Minnesota...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087958/the-teaching-of-trauma-management-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#4
S K Lum, T Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The teaching of trauma in medical schools faces many educational and logistic challenges. Issues on what to teach, how to teach, when to teach, who will teach and whether medical students with insufficient exposure to clinical medicine can benefit from a trauma course are unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A well-designed one day intensive trauma course concentrating on the primary survey was taught to semester seven and semester eight students by a multi-disciplinary team comprising of surgeons, anaesthetists, emergency physicians and trained medical officers...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086953/student-and-faculty-perceptions-on-the-rapid-scale-up-of-medical-students-in-ethiopia
#5
Brittney S Mengistu, Holly Vins, Caitrin M Kelly, Daphne R McGee, Jennifer O Spicer, Miliard Derbew, Abebe Bekele, Damen Haile Mariam, Carlos Del Rio, Henry M Blumberg, Dawn L Comeau
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a country of over 94 million people that has a severe physician shortage with approximately only 2.5 physicians per 100,000 persons. Recently, the Ethiopian government implemented a "flood and retain" initiative to rapidly increase the quantity of physicians in Ethiopia. Consequently, medical student enrollment at Addis Ababa University (AAU) School of Medicine increased from 100 to approximately 300-400 students per class. This study evaluated the impact of the rapid scale-up in the number of medical students on the quality of medical education at AAU and the impact of the U...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086868/the-impact-of-students-and-curriculum-on-self-study-during-clinical-training-in-medical-school-a-multilevel-approach
#6
J Barbosa, A Silva, M A Ferreira, M Severo
BACKGROUND: In higher education, the focus has shifted from the acquisition of knowledge to learning objectives and skills. This means that, the majority of student learning time is spent independently working outside the classroom. Students take an active role in setting goals, deciding how to achieve them, and planning individual study time. Although extensive research has recognized the importance of curriculum and students' characteristics in time devoted to self-study, it is still unclear to what extent these variables affect time to study...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068362/conflict-of-interest-policies-at-french-medical-schools-starting-from-the-bottom
#7
Paul Scheffer, Christian Guy-Coichard, David Outh-Gauer, Zoéline Calet-Froissart, Mathilde Boursier, Barbara Mintzes, Jean-Sébastien Borde
BACKGROUND: Medical faculties have a role in ensuring that their students are protected from undue commercial influence during their training, and are educated about professional-industry interactions. In North America, many medical faculties have introduced more stringent conflict of interest (COI) policies during the last decade. We asked whether similar steps had been taken in France. We hypothesized that such policies may have been introduced following a 2009-2010 drug safety scandal (benfluorex, Mediator) in which COIs in medicine received prominent press attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061800/does-a-pbl-based-medical-curriculum-predispose-training-in-specific-career-paths-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
Jordan Tsigarides, Laura R Wingfield, Myutan Kulendran
BACKGROUND: North American medical schools have used problem-based learning (PBL) structured medical education for more than 60 years. However, it has only recently been introduced in other medical schools outside of North America. Since its inception, there has been the debate on whether the PBL learning process predisposes students to select certain career paths. OBJECTIVES: To review available evidence to determine the predisposition of specific career paths when undertaking a PBL-based medical curriculum...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060967/medical-students-help-bridge-the-gap-in-sexual-health-education-among-middle-school-youth
#9
Naomi Adjei, Michael Yacovelli, Dorothy Liu, Kunal Sindhu, Mary Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND: School-based programs are important in addressing risky teenage sexual behavior. We implemented a sex education program using trained medical student volunteers. METHODS: Medical students (n=30) implemented a seven-session curriculum, designed by medical students and faculty, to 7th and 8th grade students (n=310) at a local school. Middle school students completed pre- and post-assessments. Teachers and medical students completed questionnaires relating their perceptions of students' attitudes and understanding of sexual health...
January 6, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060084/can-we-identify-minority-patients-at-risk-of-nonadherence-to-antiplatelet-medication-at-the-time-of-coronary-stent-placement
#10
Ana M Palacio, Denise C Vidot, Leonardo J Tamariz, Claudia Uribe, Leslie Hazel-Fernandez, Hua Li, Sylvia D Garay, Olveen Carrasquillo
BACKGROUND: Lack of medication adherence is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, particularly among minorities. We aim to identify predictors of nonadherence to antiplatelet medications at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent among African American and Hispanic patients. METHODS: We used data collected for a randomized clinical trial that recruited 452 minority patients from a large US health insurance organization in 2010 post-PCI to compare telephone-based motivational interviewing by trained nurses with an educational video...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058977/the-shrinking-of-formalized-nutrition-education-in-health-professions-curricula-and-postgraduate-training
#11
Gordon S Sacks
The quantity of formalized nutrition education is shrinking in curricula of health professions, such as physicians, nurses, dietitians, and pharmacists. The current nutrition education being taught in U.S. schools of healthcare professionals does not appropriately prepare students for identification of patients at nutrition risk or management of undernourished hospitalized patients with specialized nutrition therapies. In U.S. schools of pharmacy, parenteral nutrition is considered a highly specialized and advanced practice so little time is devoted to this area and more attention is focused on chronic disease state management (ie, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure)...
January 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057312/design-and-evaluation-of-reform-plan-for-local-academic-nursing-challenges-using-action-research
#12
Marziyeh Asadizaker, Zhila Abedsaeedi, Heidarali Abedi, Azadeh Saki
PURPOSE: This study identifies challenges to the first nurse training program for undergraduate nursing students at a nursing and midwifery school in Iran using a collaborative approach in order to improve the program. METHODS: Action research was used as a research strategy with qualitative content analysis and quantitative evaluation. The participants were 148 individuals from nursing academic and clinical settings, including administrators, faculty members, students, and staff nurses...
December 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050999/retaining-health-workforce-in-rural-and-underserved-areas-of-india-what-works-and-what-doesn-t-a-critical-interpretative-synthesis
#13
REVIEW
Sonu Goel, Federica Angeli, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Neetu Singla, Manoj Grover, Hans Maarse
BACKGROUND: Human resource for health is critical in quality healthcare delivery. India, with a large rural population (68.8%), needs to urgently bridge the gaps in health workforce deployment between urban and rural areas. METHODS: We did a critical interpretative synthesis of the existing literature by using a predefined selection criteria to assess relevant manuscripts to identify the reasons for retaining the health workforce in rural and underserved areas. We discuss different strategies for retention of health workforce in rural areas on the basis of four major retention interventions, viz...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048147/su-f-e-14-global-radiation-oncology-education-and-training-in-medical-physics-powered-by-information-and-communication-technologies
#14
W Ngwa, E Sajo, T Ngoma, J Dachi, J Julius Mwaiselage, O Kenton, S Avery
PURPOSE: Recent publications have highlighted the potential of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to catalyze collaborations in cancer care, research and education in global radiation oncology. This work reports on the use of ICTs for global Medical Physics education and training across three countries: USA, Tanzania and Kuwait METHODS: An online education platform was established by Radiation Oncology Faculty from Harvard Medical School, and the University of Pennsylvania with integrated Medical Physics Course modules accessible to trainees in Tanzania via partnership with the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, and the Ocean Road Cancer Institute...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033729/student-academic-performance-in-rural-clinical-schools-the-impact-of-cohort-size-and-competition
#15
Brendan P Condon, Paul S Worley, John R Condon, David J Prideaux
OBJECTIVES: The Deakin University School of Medicine commenced in 2008 as a rurally focused medical school in south-eastern Australia. This research was designed to examine the effectiveness of the school's adoption of small regional clinical school settings. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of the first two cohorts of students was employed to assess academic performance at each of five geographically dispersed clinical training sites, with varying student cohort sizes...
December 30, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030418/the-impact-of-a-junior-faculty-fellowship-award-on-academic-advancement-and-retention
#16
Maureen T Connelly, Amy M Sullivan, Manuel Chinchilla, Margaret L Dale, S Jean Emans, Carol Cooperman Nadelson, Malkah Tolpin Notman, Nancy J Tarbell, Corwin M Zigler, Eleanor G Shore
PURPOSE: Academic faculty experience barriers to career development and promotion. In 1996, Harvard Medical School (HMS) initiated an intramural junior faculty fellowship to address these obstacles. The authors sought to understand whether receiving a fellowship was associated with more rapid academic promotion and retention. METHOD: Junior faculty fellowship recipients and all other instructor and assistant professors at HMS between 1996 and 2011 were identified...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999509/the-close-exposure-to-radiology-program-educational-benefits-to-medical-students
#17
Guang-Bin Cui, Lin-Feng Yan, Hai-Yan Nan, Xin Zhao, Yu-Chuan Hu, Alan David Kaye, Thea Moran, Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: Radiology clerkships during medical school provide a suboptimal training experience in the Chinese medical doctor training program. Staff radiologists are heavily occupied with clinic tasks which decreases teaching quality. The close exposure to radiology program (CERP) is a novel pathway designed to improve teaching quality, yet students' expectations of the potential benefits of such a program and their willingness to join CERP still have not been investigated among Chinese medical students...
2016: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997222/empathy-in-medical-students-is-moderated-by-openness-to-spirituality
#18
Rodolfo F Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Giancarlo Lucchetti, J Kevin Dorsey
THEORY: Empathy is one component of medical student education that may be important to nurture, but there are many potential psychological barriers to empathy, such as student depression, burnout, and low quality of life or wellness behaviors. However, few studies have addressed how positive behaviors such as wellness and spirituality, in combination with these barriers, might affect empathy. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesized a negative relationship between psychological distress and empathy, and a positive relationship between empathy and wellness behaviors...
December 20, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993088/interview-with-dr-ghassan-k-abou-alfa
#19
G K Abou-Alfa
Ghassan K Abou-Alfa joined the Gastrointestinal Oncology Service at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medical College in New York back in 2001. Dr Abou-Alfa specializes in the treatment of gastrointestinal malignancies. Dr Abou-Alfa received his medical degree from the American University of Beirut, Lebanon, and completed his post-doctoral training at Yale University School of Medicine. His research is dedicated to finding novel therapies and improving the effectiveness of the current therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer, while continuing to understand the basic mechanisms of the diseases and its therapy...
November 2016: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991834/caregiver-treatment-preferences-for-children-with-a-new-versus-existing-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis
#20
Susan dosReis, Alex Park, Xinyi Ng, Emily Frosch, Gloria Reeves, Charles Cunningham, Ellen M Janssen, John F P Bridges
OBJECTIVES: Parental experiences with managing their child's attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can influence priorities for treatment. This study aimed to identify the ADHD management options caregivers most prefer and to determine if preferences differ by time since initial ADHD diagnosis. METHODS: Primary caregivers (n = 184) of a child aged 4-14 years old in care for ADHD were recruited from January 2013 through March 2015 from community-based pediatric and mental health clinics and family support organizations across the state of Maryland...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
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