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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691756/prospective-evaluation-of-cardiac-ultrasound-performance-by-general-internal-medicine-physicians-during-a-6-month-faculty-development-curriculum
#1
Christopher J Smith, Abdulrahman Morad, Christopher Balwanz, Elizabeth Lyden, Tabatha Matthias
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care (POCUS) education is rapidly expanding within medical schools and internal medicine residency programs, but lack of trained faculty is a major barrier. While POCUS training can improve short-term outcomes, knowledge and skills rapidly decay without deliberate practice and feedback. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of focused cardiac ultrasound (FCU) by volunteer general internal medicine (GIM) faculty participating in a longitudinal POCUS curriculum...
April 24, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686492/transitioning-from-medical-school-to-residency-evaluation-of-an-innovative-immersion-rotation-for-pgy-1-paediatric-residents
#2
Stéphanie Vairy, Olivier Jamoulle, Arielle Levy, Ana Carceller
Transition from medical school to residency is stressful due to new responsibilities in patient care. Objective: To evaluate a new immersion curriculum on the transition from medical school to paediatric residency and its implications for future use in paediatric education. Methods: In July 2013, a month-rotation offering one-third of time for clinical rounds and two-thirds of time for formal courses was conducted for postgraduate year 1 residents beginning paediatric residency training...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685787/mentorship-in-orthopedics-a-national-survey-of-orthopedic-surgery-residents
#3
Lasun O Oladeji, Brent A Ponce, John R Worley, James A Keeney
OBJECTIVE: Mentorship is an important component of graduate medical education. It has been associated with numerous benefits including personal development, increased career satisfaction, and reduced stress and burnout. The purpose of this study was to assess orthopedic resident attitudes regarding mentorship and to determine if there were sociodemographic differences. DESIGN: A total of 243 orthopedic surgery residents completed this 25-item mixed response questionnaire...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683011/can-communication-skills-training-improve-empathy-a-six-year-longitudinal-study-of-medical-students-in-japan
#4
Hitomi Kataoka, Toshihide Iwase, Hiroko Ogawa, Sabina Mahmood, Masaru Sato, Jennifer DeSantis, Mohammadreza Hojat, Joseph S Gonnella
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an important component of overall clinical competence; thus, enhancing empathy in medical education is essential for quality patient care. AIM: This longitudinal study was designed to address the following questions: 1. Can a targeted educational program in communication skills training enhance empathy in medical students? and 2. Can such a program have a sustained effect? METHODS: Study participants included 116 students who entered Okayama University Medical School in 2011...
April 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678077/use-of-system-dynamics-modeling-in-medical-education-and-research-projects
#5
Jadranka Bozikov, Danko Relic, Gjuro Dezelic
The paper reviews experiences and accomplishments in application of system dynamics modeling in education, training and research projects at the Andrija Stampar School of Public Health, a branch of the Zagreb University School of Medicine, Croatia. A number of simulation models developed over the past 40 years are briefly described with regard to real problems concerned, objectives and modeling methods and techniques used. Many of them have been developed as the individual students' projects as a part of their graduation, MSc or PhD theses and subsequently published in journals or conference proceedings...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677982/consequences-of-switching-to-blended-learning-the-grenoble-medical-school-key-elements
#6
Sahal Houssein, Lionel Di Marco, Carole Schwebel, Vanda Luengo, Patrice Morand, Pierre Gillois
INTRODUCTION: In 2006, the Grenoble-Alpes University Medical School decided to switch the learning paradigm of the first year to a blended learning model based on a flipped classroom with a continuous dual assessment system providing personal follow-up. We report a descriptive analysis of two pedagogical models. METHODS: The innovative blended learning model is divided into 5 week-sequences of learning, starting with a series of knowledge capsules, following with Interactive On Line Questions, Interactive On Site Training and an Explanation Meeting...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670414/integration-of-leadership-training-into-a-problem-case-based-learning-program-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students
#7
Samara B Ginzburg, Susan Deutsch, Jaclyn Bellissimo, David E Elkowitz, Joel Nh Stern, Robert Lucito
Purpose: The evolution of health care systems in response to societal and financial pressures has changed care delivery models, which presents new challenges for physicians. Leadership training is increasingly being recognized as an essential component of medical education training to prepare physicians to meet these needs. Unfortunately, most medical schools do not include leadership training. It has been suggested that a longitudinal and integrated approach to leadership training should be sought...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669149/the-suffering-medical-students-attribute-to-their-undergraduate-medical-education
#8
Thomas R Egnew, Peter R Lewis, Kimberly R Meyers, William R Phillips
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore medical student perceptions of their medical school teaching and learning about human suffering and their recommendations for teaching about suffering. During data collection, students also shared their percerptions of personal suffering which they attributed to their medical education. METHODS: In April through May 2015, we conducted focus groups involving a total of 51 students representing all four classes at two US medical schools...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665629/evaluation-of-a-systematic-career-coaching-program-for-medical-students-in-korea-using-the-career-readiness-inventory
#9
Yera Hur, A Ra Cho, Eun Ji Song, Sun Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to apply a systematic career coaching program to medical students and to evaluate its effectiveness. Methods: First year medical students from September to December in 2016 and 2017 of Konyang medical college experienced the FLEX Mentoring II: Career Coaching Program which had 16 sessions, 32hrs in total. The students took the 'career readiness inventory (CRI)' before the program and also after as a pre and post evaluation of the program...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661734/pathology-resident-perspectives-about-early-autopsy-experiences
#10
REVIEW
Richard A Prayson
The performance of autopsies remains an integral part of residency training in Anatomic Pathology. A number of medical schools no longer require an autopsy experience; therefore, a subset of pathology residents has never seen an autopsy performed prior to commencement of residency training. Although much as been written regarding student's perspectives on their medical school anatomy experiences, practically nothing has been written about resident perspectives on the autopsy experience. Surveys were sent to all Pathology resident trainees (n = 27) in a training program exploring resident perspectives on their early autopsy experiences...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661008/psychiatry-in-american-medical-education-the-case-of-harvard-s-medical-school-1900-1945
#11
Tara H Abraham
As American psychiatrists moved from the asylum to the private clinic during the early twentieth century, psychiatry acquired a growing presence within medical school curricula. This shift in disciplinary status took place at a time when medical education itself was experiencing a period of reform. By examining medical school registers at Harvard University, records from the Dean's office of Harvard's medical school, and oral histories, this paper examines the rise in prominence of psychiatry in medical education...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656694/pre-specialization-considerations-for-more-focused-and-personalized-educational-modules-in-the-twenty-first-century
#12
Jason J Han, Neha Vapiwala
BACKGROUND: This essay provides a multidisciplinary discussion of the current medical education curriculum and the increasing need to adapt it to our rapidly evolving and expanding healthcare environment. METHODS: Thorough literature search on the topic of medical school curriculum, ranging from its historical origins to contemporary practice as well as statistics, was conducted. RESULTS: The authors give a brief historical overview of and rationale behind the current structure of the medical education system in America...
April 14, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652954/-time-to-change-the-graduate-postgraduate-liaison-in-chilean-medical-education-reflections-about-a-double-certification-as-physician-and-doctor-in-medical-sciences
#13
Miguel Concha M
In the last 150 years, scientific research has produced extraordinary discoveries in Medicine and there is no doubt that research will continue contributing substantially in the future but there is no the same conviction regarding how to provision such capacities in medical graduates. In Chile, the Faculties of Medicine created several doctorate programs in Medical Sciences (Ph.D.) to strengthen medical research. However, the low number of physicians who apply to these programs is a caveat. These programs provide the advanced third-cycle competencies expected by students aspiring for an excellence research certification and their incorporation into academia...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652107/developing-a-dental-scrubs-ceremony-to-define-professional-identity-and-teach-professionalism-to-dental-undergraduates-lessons-learned
#14
P Neville, L McNally, A Waylen
INTRODUCTION: The UK General Dental Council stipulates that professionalism is a key aspect of the teaching and training of dental students. However, dental educators highlight that teaching dental student's professionalism can be challenging and students often rate this teaching activity negatively. This article documents a teaching initiative at one UK Dental School that aimed to strengthen the professionalism curriculum by introducing a Dental Scrubs Ceremony for second-year students...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627144/-assessing-bioethics-education-teaching-to-be-virtuous-doctors-or-just-doctors-with-practical-ethical-skills
#15
Montse Esquerda, Josep Pifarré, Helena Roig, Ester Busquets, Oriol Yuguero, Joan Viñas
OBJECTIVE: In the last decades, bioethics has been incorporated into the academic training of the Medical Schools. Some studies analyze the ethical-moral development of medical students and the effect of ethical education in other countries. This evaluation is done by measuring Kohlberg's moral reasoning (virtuous doctors), or ethical sensitivity to resolve clinical cases (physicians with ethical skills). The following study is proposed to assess the impact of bioethics training on these two variables, in Spanish medical students...
April 4, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622688/palliative-care-in-medical-practice-medical-students-expectations
#16
Ruth Diver, Thelma Quince, Stephen Barclay, John Benson, James Brimicombe, Diana Wood, Pia Thiemann
OBJECTIVES: During their careers, all doctors will be involved in the care of the dying, and this is likely to increase with current demographic trends. Future doctors need to be well-prepared for this. Little is known about medical students' expectations about providing palliative care. Our aim was to investigate how satisfying students expect palliative care to be, and any attitudes towards palliative care associated with a negative expectation. METHODS: Fifteen UK medical schools participated in the study, with 1898 first and final year students completing an online questionnaire which investigated how satisfying they expect providing palliative care to be and their attitudes towards palliative care...
April 4, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622502/chronic-pain-medication-management-of-older-populations-key-points-from-a-national-conference-and-innovative-opportunities-for-pharmacy-practice
#17
Julia Fiona-Maree Gilmartin-Thomas, J Simon Bell, Danny Liew, Carolyn A Arnold, Rachelle Buchbinder, Colin Chapman, Flavia Cicuttini, Malcolm Dobbin, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra, Jenny Gowan, Benny Katz, Dan L Lubman, Matthew McCrone, Jennifer Pilgrim, Anneliese Synnot, Eleanor van Dyk, Barbara Workman, John McNeil
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate use of pain medication has serious consequences for older populations. Experts in the field have noted an increase in opioid prescriptions, and opioid-related hospitalisations and deaths among this vulnerable population. In the pursuit of educating pharmacists, physicians, allied healthcare professionals, researchers, academics and the public facing the challenges of chronic pain medication management, 'The Inaugural Monash University School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine (SPHPM) Best Practice in Chronic Pain Medication Management Day Conference' was held in December 2016 at the Alfred Medical Research and Education Precinct (Melbourne, Australia)...
March 19, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619357/factors-influencing-american-plastic-surgery-residents-toward-an-academic-career
#18
Matthew D Chetta, Kristoffer B Sugg, Rafael J Diaz-Garcia, Steven J Kasten
Background: Plastic surgery residency program directors have an interest in recruiting applicants who show an interest in an academic practice. Medical school achievements (ie, United States Medical Licensing Examination® scores, publications, and Alpha Omega Alpha status) are metrics assessed to grade applicants but may not correlate with ultimately choosing an academic career. Objective: This study was designed to investigate factors influencing residents' choices for or against academic careers...
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607335/using-newly-deceased-patients-in-teaching-clinical-skills-its-ethical-and-educational-challenges
#19
Mahboobeh Saber, Seyed Ali Enjoo, Ali Mahboudi, Seyed Ziaadin Tabei
Introduction: The newly deceased patients have long been used in medical schools to teach clinical skills without any challenges as it helps to train skilled doctors. Nowadays, the use of moulages and simulators are common in teaching clinical skills since these tools provide the opportunity for frequent practice without any pain and injury. There are specific procedures which still require the use of cadavers. However, the increased significance of patient rights has generally challenged the practicality of using the deceased bodies for this purpose...
April 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606653/a-national-survey-of-u-s-dental-students-experiences-with-international-service-trips
#20
R Frederick Lambert, Chloe A Wong, Karl F Woodmansey, Brianna Rowland, Steven O Horne, Brittany Seymour
Globalization, along with the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases, their risk factors, and poor oral health, demands global approaches to oral health care. Trained health care workers' providing volunteer services abroad is one model used for improving access to dental services for some communities. Currently, little is known about U.S. dental student involvement in international clinical service volunteerism. The aim of this exploratory study was to capture national survey data from predoctoral dental students about their interest in and experience with global health service trips...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
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