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Medical education, training, school

Michail Sideris, John Hanrahan, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Panteleimon Pantelidis, Connie Pidgeon, Nikolaos Psychalakis, Nikolai Andersen, Theodore Pittaras, Thanos Athanasiou, Georgios Tsoulfas, Apostolos Papalois
Background: The practice of evidence-based medicine and critical appraisal are essential for the modern doctor. Early engagement of medical students in research methodology is considered as a rising need for most medical school curricula; however, few peer-reviewed initiatives have been reported so far. We developed a Medical Education Research Group (eMERG) as part of a novel undergraduate surgical masterclass, which aimed to train undergraduate students on basic research methodology, as well as to motivate them to pursue a clinical and academic career in surgical specialties...
July 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Patrick T Delaplain, Victor C Joe
The current system of burn care delivery attempts to meet the needs of the nearly 500 000 patients in the United States who require medical treatment annually. However, specialization of care and lack of fundamental burn and wound care knowledge among graduating medical trainees has unintended consequences, leaving the system inefficient, with inherent inequities in care delivery and with the potential to be overwhelmed in a mass casualty event. While increasing accessibility to specialty burn centers through technology could mitigate some of these problems, increased education is more practical...
June 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
Ogbonnia Godfrey Ochonma, Stephen Ikechukwu Nwatu
BACKGROUND: There is a compelling need for management training amongst hospital managers in Nigeria mostly because management was never a part of the curricula in medical schools and this has resulted in their deficiencies in effective policymaking, planning and bottom line management. There has been no study to the best of our knowledge on the need and likely factors that may influence the acquisition of such training by hospital managers and this in effect was the reason for this study...
June 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Poojani Arulrajah, Sarah Steele
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a serious violation of human rights, with numerous consequences for health and wellbeing. Recent law and policy reforms mean that clinicians now hold a crucial role in national strategies. 2015 research, however, indicates a serious shortfall in knowledge and confidence among healthcare professionals in the UK, leading potentially to failures in safeguarding and appropriate referral. Medical education is a central point for trafficking training. We ascertain the extent of such training in UK Medical Schools, and current curricular design...
June 13, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Nedyalko N Ivanov, Aili Swan, Emily Hill Guseman, Jonathon Whipps, Laura L Jensen, Elizabeth A Beverly
Background: Skin cancer is the most prevalent cancer in the United States. Training medical students about the importance of sun-protective behaviors is critical to reducing skin cancer rates. However, minimal research has explored osteopathic medical students' knowledge and behaviors with regard to the sun's effect on skin health. Objective: To assess first-year osteopathic medical students' knowledge about skin cancer and UV radiation, attitudes toward tanning, and sun-protective behaviors to establish baseline values...
June 11, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Anthony Amalba, Francis A Abantanga, Albert J J A Scherpbier, W N K A van Mook
BACKGROUND: An unequal distribution of health personnel, leading to unfavourable differences in health status between urban and rural populations, is a serious cause for concern globally. Part of the solution to this problem lies in attracting medical doctors to rural, remote communities, which presents a real challenge. The present study therefore explored the factors that influence medical doctors' decision to practise in rural Ghana. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study based on questionnaires...
June 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Kate Luckie, Bandana Saini, Vilma Galstaun, Vicky Kritikos, Jack C Collins, Rebekah J Moles
AIM: Asthma is prevalent in our primary (elementary) school population. Training in asthma management for school staff should be relevant and focused on the recognition and management of an acute severe exacerbation of asthma. Evidence suggests that online training can be as effective as face-to-face training for medical education; however, there is little information regarding the effectiveness of online asthma education. METHODS: University students in the final year of their primary education degree completed the asthma first aid (AFA) knowledge questionnaire before undertaking a 1-h online training course in asthma management...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Marie Smith, Jeannette Y Wick
Pharmacists, highly trained and accessible health care professionals, continue to be underused in American communities. Helping pharmacists to make the best use of their extensive clinical education and skills is a primary focus for the discipline's leaders. The University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy's PRISM initiative ( PeRformance I mprovement for Safe Medication Management) creates opportunities to partner with other health professionals or programs to advance the pharmacist's role in the community...
June 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
A J Mighell, C Freeman, P A Atkin, J H Bennett, J A G Buchanan, M Carrozzo, A J Crighton, M P Escudier, J Gibson, C M Healy, A M Hegarty, J S Kerr, C E McCreary, M N Pemberton, B Rajlawat, A Richards, K Staines, E D Theaker, A Willis
INTRODUCTION: Oral Medicine focuses on care for patients with chronic, recurrent and medically related disorders of the orofacial region that are distinct from diseases of the periodontal and tooth tissues, with an emphasis on non-surgical management. At present, there are no shared outcomes for Oral Medicine to define the standards to be achieved before new graduates become registered dentists engaged with ongoing professional development. CURRICULUM: We present a consensus undergraduate curriculum in Oral Medicine agreed by representatives from 18 Dental Schools in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland...
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Jie Ming Nigel Fong, Yeong Tze Wilnard Tan, Andrew Arjun Sayampanathan, Niraj Mohan, Yun Qing Koh, Jin Hao Justin Jang, Jin Rong Ivan Low, Anupama Vasudevan, Chew Lip Ng, Paul Ananth Tambyah
INTRODUCTION: Medical school fees are rising globally. Student debt and financial background may affect residency choices, but few studies have been conducted in Asia. This study aimed to explore the relationship between financial background, student debt and postgraduate residency choices among medical students in Singapore. METHODS: An anonymised survey of all medical students in Singapore was conducted, with a response rate of 67.9%. RESULTS: 40...
June 7, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
Yanhong Hu, Xiaomin Wang, Joseph D Tucker, Paul Little, Michael Moore, Keiji Fukuda, Xudong Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate antibiotic use leads to antibiotic resistance. This has become a serious global crisis, with more multi-drug resistant infections and fewer effective antibiotics available. This study aims to understand knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) with respect to antibiotic use for self-limiting illnesses among medical students in China. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey instrument questionnaire was distributed in six regional universities in China from September to November 2015...
June 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Agnes Ayton, Ali Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders affect 1%-4% of the population and they are associated with an increased rate of mortality and multimorbidity. Following the avoidable deaths of three people the parliamentary ombudsman called for a review of training for all junior doctors to improve patient safety. OBJECTIVE: To review the teaching and assessment relating to eating disorders at all levels of medical training in the UK. METHOD: We surveyed all the UK medical schools about their curricula, teaching and examinations related to eating disorders in 2017...
June 4, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Kevin C Lee, Sidney B Eisig, Alia Koch
PURPOSE: Prospective applicants use residency program websites (PWs) to evaluate programs when deciding where to apply, interview, and rank. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the content of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) PWs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of all OMS programs accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation. PWs were identified through the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Program Directory (AAOMS-PD) and a secondary internet search...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Daniel T Myran, Jillian Bardsley, Tania El Hindi, Kristine Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Abortion has been decriminalized in Canada since 1988 and is considered an essential medical service. There is concern that decreasing numbers of abortion providers may impair access to abortion. This study examined the quantity of exposure and education that Canadian family medicine residents receive on abortion during training and their preparation to provide abortions. In addition, the study assessed residents' attitudes, intention and expressed competency to provide abortion in future practice and the association between medical training and changes in these factors...
June 1, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Rie Kubota, Kiyoshi Shibuya, Yoichi Tanaka, Manahito Aoki, Megumi Shiomi, Wataru Ando, Katsuya Otori, Takako Komiyama
The Japanese pharmaceutical curriculum was extended from four to six years in 2006. Students now receive practical communication-skills training in their fourth year, before progressing to train in hospital and community pharmacies in their fifth year. Kitasato University School of Pharmacy, Tokyo, had established a program to meet these aims before the 2006 guidance. In the present study, we discuss and evaluate the features of this communication-skills training program. This study enrolled 242 fourth-year pharmacy students at Kitasato University...
June 1, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Samuel N Dubin, Ian T Nolan, Carl G Streed, Richard E Greene, Asa E Radix, Shane D Morrison
Background: A growing body of research continues to elucidate health inequities experienced by transgender individuals and further underscores the need for medical providers to be appropriately trained to deliver care to this population. Medical education in transgender health can empower physicians to identify and change the systemic barriers to care that cause transgender health inequities as well as improve knowledge about transgender-specific care. Methods: We conducted structured searches of five databases to identify literature related to medical education and transgender health...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Bruce L Henschen, Elizabeth R Ryan, Daniel B Evans, Ashley Truong, Diane B Wayne, Jennifer A Bierman, Kenzie A Cameron
Phenomenon: Teaching patient-centered care (PCC) is a key component of undergraduate medical curricula. Prior frameworks of PCC describe multiple domains of patient-centeredness, ranging from interpersonal encounters to systems-level issues. Medical students' perceptions of PCC are thought to erode as they progress through school, but little is known about how students view PCC toward the beginning of training. This study explores the perceptions of PCC among 1st-year medical students to inform curricular development and evaluation...
May 30, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Rizwana Kamran, Attia Bari, Rehan Ahmed Khan, Mohamed Al-Eraky
Objective: To measure the level of awareness of patient safety among undergraduate medical students in Pakistani Medical School and to find the difference with respect to gender and prior experience with medical error. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Lahore (UOL), Pakistan from January to March 2017, and comprised final year medical students. Data was collected using a questionnaire 'APSQ- III' on 7 point Likert scale. Eight questions were reverse coded...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Orna Tal, Inbal Tal, Ahuva Golik, Osnat Levzion-Korach
Assaf Harofeh Medical Center is the fourth largest governmental hospital in Israel, with 900 beds, approximately 165,000 annual ER visits, and 23,000 operations. The Medical Center encourages human excellence and medical innovation, together with "patient centered" perspectives, providing optimal holistic service, alongside caring for the staff. The management concept of "participatory leadership" leads to multi-sectorial integration, conducting combined physician-nurse quality projects in all departments...
May 2018: Harefuah
Terry Fulmer, Marcus Escobedo, Amy Berman, Mary Jane Koren, Sandra Hernández, Angela Hult
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate physicians' views on advance care planning, goals of care, and end-of-life conversations. DESIGN: Random sample telephone survey. SETTING: United States. PARTICIPANTS: Physicians (primary care specialists; pulmonology, cardiology, oncology subspecialists) actively practicing medicine and regularly seeing patients aged 65 and older (N=736; 81% male, 75% white, 66% aged ≥50. MEASUREMENTS: A 37-item telephone survey constructed by a professional polling group with national expert oversight measured attitudes and perceptions of barriers and facilitators to advance care planning...
May 23, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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