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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913331/health-effects-and-public-health-concerns-of-energy-drink-consumption-in-the-united-states-a-mini-review
#1
REVIEW
Laila Al-Shaar, Kelsey Vercammen, Chang Lu, Scott Richardson, Martha Tamez, Josiemer Mattei
As energy drink consumption continues to grow worldwide and within the United States, it is important to critically examine the nutritional content and effects on population health of these beverages. This mini-review summarizes the current scientific evidence on health consequences from energy drink consumption, presents relevant public health challenges, and proposes recommendations to mitigate these issues. Emerging evidence has linked energy drink consumption with a number of negative health consequences such as risk-seeking behaviors, poor mental health, adverse cardiovascular effects, and metabolic, renal, or dental conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879311/recent-advances-in-topical-anesthesia
#2
REVIEW
Hyo-Seol Lee
Topical anesthetics act on the peripheral nerves and reduce the sensation of pain at the site of application. In dentistry, they are used to control local pain caused by needling, placement of orthodontic bands, the vomiting reflex, oral mucositis, and rubber-dam clamp placement. Traditional topical anesthetics contain lidocaine or benzocaine as active ingredients and are used in the form of solutions, creams, gels, and sprays. Eutectic mixtures of local anesthesia cream, a mixture of various topical anesthetics, has been reported to be more potent than other anesthetics...
December 2016: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866015/chitosan-as-biomaterial-in-drug-delivery-and-tissue-engineering
#3
REVIEW
Saad M Ahsan, Mathai Thomas, Kranthi K Reddy, Sujata Gopal Sooraparaju, Amit Asthana, Ira Bhatnagar
Chitin is one of the most abundant polysaccharide found on earth. The deacetylated form of chitin viz. chitosan has been reported for its various important pharmacological properties and its role in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine is also well documented. Chitosan based bone graft substitutes are biocompatible, biodegradable, osteoconductive, osteoinductive and structurally similar to bone, with excellent mechanical strength and cost effectiveness. Chitosan based hydrogels and wound healing bandages have also found a great market in the field of medicine...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864798/future-organization-of-oral-health-services-delivery-from-2012-to-2042
#4
L Jackson Brown
The United States is currently experiencing a vortex of change in both general health and oral health care delivery, the ultimate outcome of which is still not well understood. The specific focus of this article is to examine the future organization of the oral health services delivery system (OHSDS) in the U.S., with special attention given to the role of large group dental practices (LGDPs) in that future. The article describes the various types of LGDPs and their ability to change the economic characteristics of the OHSDS...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862583/dentin-desensitizing-agents-too-many-options
#5
Rawan AlKahtani
As the number of dentin desensitizing products has grown, it has become more difficult for the dental clinician to make the correct choice. This literature review seeks to clearly explain the different modes of action of current desensitizing agents, including the clinical trial outcomes of different materials and products in the market. A better understanding of the prevalence, pain physiology, diagnosis, and different methods of management of dentinal hypersensitivity is imperative for proper pain management...
September 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846134/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-other-bioactive-endodontic-cements-an-updated-overview-part-ii-other-clinical-applications-and-complications
#6
REVIEW
M Torabinejad, M Parirokh, P M H Dummer
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a dental material used extensively for vital pulp therapy (VPT), scaffold cover during regenerative endodontic procedures, apical barrier in teeth with necrotic pulps and open apices, perforation repair, and root canal filling and root-end filling during surgical endodontics. A number of bioactive endodontic cements (BECs) have recently been introduced to the market. Most of these materials had calcium and silicate in their compositions; however, the bioactivity is the common property of these cements...
August 28, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845841/caffeinated-energy-drink-consumption-among-adolescents-and-potential-health-consequences-associated-with-their-use-a-significant-public-health-hazard
#7
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Nada Soliman, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Salvatore Di Maio, Mohamed El Kholy, Bernadette Fiscina
Caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) are increasingly popular among adolescents despite growing evidence of their negative health effects. The consumption of EDs has seen a substantial increase during the past few decades, especially in the Western and Asian countries. EDs contain high levels of caffeine, sugar, and novel ingredients, and are often marketed through youth-oriented media and venues. The known and unknown pharmacology of the constituents of EDs poses a risk of caffeine toxicity and other ill effects when consumed by young people...
August 23, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844306/signaling-molecules-and-pulp-regeneration
#8
Gottfried Schmalz, Matthias Widbiller, Kerstin M Galler
Signaling molecules play an essential role in tissue engineering because they regulate regenerative processes. Evidence exists from animal studies that single molecules such as members of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily and factors that induce the growth of blood vessels (vascular endothelial growth factor), nerves (brain-derived neurotrophic factor), or fibroblasts (fibroblast growth factor) may induce reparative dentin formation. Mainly the formation of atubular dentin (osteodentin) has been described after the application of single molecules or combinations of recombinant growth factors on healthy exposed pulps or in pulp regeneration...
September 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836354/dental-care-for-the-elderly-through-a-capped-fee-funding-model-optimising-outcomes-for-primary-government-dental-services
#9
Jennifer H Conquest, John Skinner, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (i) compare a Capped Payment formula for adults, to the fee-for-service model and the New South Wales Government services payment model; (ii) identify the presenting oral health needs of a 65+ years of age cohort during the period January 2011 to March 2015. BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Australia faces an ageing population with the vast majority accessing free market dental care, whilst the poor access Government services...
August 23, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804786/health-impact-assessment-of-the-uk-soft-drinks-industry-levy-a-comparative-risk-assessment-modelling-study
#10
Adam D M Briggs, Oliver T Mytton, Ariane Kehlbacher, Richard Tiffin, Ahmed Elhussein, Mike Rayner, Susan A Jebb, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND: In March, 2016, the UK Government proposed a tiered levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; high tax for drinks with >8 g of sugar per 100 mL, moderate tax for 5-8 g, and no tax for <5 g). We estimate the effect of possible industry responses to the levy on obesity, diabetes, and dental caries. METHODS: We modelled three possible industry responses: reformulation to reduce sugar concentration, an increase of product price, and a change of the market share of high-sugar, mid-sugar, and low-sugar drinks...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765466/estimating-the-number-of-dentists-needed-in-2040
#11
Stephen A Eklund, Howard L Bailit
Numerous factors that underlie the need for dentists are undergoing significant changes. Three factors are especially important: 1) improvements in oral health; 2) lower expenditures per patient per year, giving dentists the incentive to treat more patients to maintain incomes that justify their investment in dental education and practice; and 3) dental schools' producing new dentists at a faster rate than the growth in the population. If these trends continue, there is likely to be a dentist surplus of between 32% and 110% by 2040...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765446/how-many-dentists-are-needed-in-2040-executive-summary
#12
Howard L Bailit
Five background articles in Section 2 of the "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project examined some of the factors likely to impact the number of dentists needed in 2040: 1) the oral health of the population, 2) changes in the utilization of dental services, 3) new technologies, 4) the growth of large capitated dental group practices, and 5) the demand for dental care. With this information, a sixth background article estimated the number of dentists needed in 2040 compared to the number expected if current trends continue...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747291/dental-blogs-podcasts-and-associated-social-media-descriptive-mapping-and-analysis
#13
Julia Melkers, Diana Hicks, Simone Rosenblum, Kimberley R Isett, Jacqueline Elliott
BACKGROUND: Studies of social media in both medicine and dentistry have largely focused on the value of social media for marketing to and communicating with patients and for clinical education. There is limited evidence of how dental clinicians contribute to and use social media to disseminate and access information relevant to clinical care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to inventory and assess the entry, growth, sources, and content of clinically relevant social media in dentistry...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732777/how-useful-is-3d-printing-in-maxillofacial-surgery
#14
A Louvrier, P Marty, A Barrabé, E Euvrard, B Chatelain, E Weber, C Meyer
INTRODUCTION: 3D printing seems to have more and more applications in maxillofacial surgery (MFS), particularly since the release on the market of general use 3D printers several years ago. The aim of our study was to answer 4 questions: 1. Who uses 3D printing in MFS and is it routine or not? 2. What are the main clinical indications for 3D printing in MFS and what are the kinds of objects that are used? 3. Are these objects printed by an official medical device (MD) manufacturer or made directly within the department or the lab? 4...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732183/new-resins-for-dental-composites
#15
REVIEW
A P P Fugolin, C S Pfeifer
Restorative composites have evolved significantly since they were first introduced in the early 1960s, with most of the development concentrating on the filler technology. This has led to improved mechanical properties, notably wear resistance, and has expanded the use of composites to larger posterior restorations. On the organic matrix side, concerns over the polymerization stress and the potential damage to the bonded interface have dominated research in the past 20 y, with many "low-shrinkage" composites being launched commercially...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657699/randomized-controlled-trial-to-explore-the-effect-of-experimental-low-abrasivity-dentifrices-on-enamel-gloss-and-smoothness-and-the-build-up-of-extrinsic-tooth-stain
#16
Kimberly R Milleman, Jeffery L Milleman, Sarah Young, Charles Parkinson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare examiner-assessed changes in enamel gloss, extrinsic dental stain, and surface smoothness following one, two, four, and eight weeks of twice-daily use of an experimental low abrasivity desensitizing dentifrice (relative dentin abrasivity [RDA] ~40) containing 5% sodium tripolyphosphate (STP) chemical cleaning agent and 1% aluminum trioxide abrasive. This was compared with an ultra-low abrasivity dentifrice (5% STP only; RDA ~13), a moderate abrasivity fluoride dentifrice (RDA ~80), and a higher abrasivity marketed whitening dentifrice (RDA ~142)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645663/failure-torque-of-ceramic-neck-titanium-implant
#17
Waleed Elshahawy, Raed Ajlouni, Khaldoun Ajlouni, Abdelfattah Sadakah
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dental implants are typically made of titanium. However, with the current systems on the market, the implant neck often shows through the gingival tissues as a black or dark gray line and/or as a grayish discoloration of the peri-implant soft tissue. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to test a new implant design. The key component of this design is the ceramic shell that covers the polished collar of the tissue-level titanium implant and masks its dark color to mimic natural dentition...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642521/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-to-sports-drinks-of-adolescents-living-in-south-wales-uk
#18
R M Fairchild, D Broughton, M Z Morgan
Background The UK sports drinks market has a turnover in excess of £200 million. Adolescents consume 15.6% of total energy as free sugars, much higher than the recommended 5%. Sugar sweetened beverages, including sports drinks, account for 30% of total free sugar intake for those aged 11-18 years.Objective To investigate children's knowledge and attitudes surrounding sports drinks.Method One hundred and eighty-three self-complete questionnaires were distributed to four schools in South Wales. Children aged 12-14 were recruited to take part...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639368/botulinum-toxin-state-of-the-art
#19
REVIEW
Joseph Jankovic
Botulinun neurotoxin (BoNT) has emerged as one of the most multipurpose therapeutic agents in modern medicine with more clinical applications than any other drug currently on the market. Initially developed in the treatment of strabismus and neurologic movement disorders, the use of botulinun neurotoxin has been expanding during the past 3 decades to include the treatment of a variety of ophthalmologic, gastrointestinal, urologic, orthopedic, dermatologic, dental, secretory, painful, cosmetic, and other conditions...
August 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628354/soft-tissue-enhancement-and-implant-placement-following-partial-mandibulectomy-due-to-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Fabio Bernardello, Giampietro Bertasi, Ralph Mackey Powers, Sergio Spinato, Andrea Viaggi, Jimmie Bullock, Pietro Felice
Many dental procedures allow for implant placement in partially or totally edentulous patients. Despite the availability of various implant and abutment types on the market, it often becomes quite challenging to achieve the biological and esthetic goals in a patient who has ridge deficiencies. Where problems will arise is from the lack of adequate bone quality and quantity.1,2 Soft tissue form and maintenance is also a consideration to evaluate.3 Primary reconstructive techniques following segmental mandibulectomy is evolving and improves quality of life...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
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