Read by QxMD icon Read


R Cuthbert, C Deutsch, A Roy, P Stimpson, H Patel
Introduction The free jejunal flap represents the gold standard for circumferential defects in upper digestive tract reconstruction. It is a technically demanding procedure with significant failure rates. Unrecognised failure leads to flap necrosis and potentially fatal sequelae, including sepsis and carotid artery bleed. Despite these catastrophic consequences, however, there remains no consensus on an optimum method for postoperative flap monitoring. Our unit has pioneered the use of external colour duplex ultrasound to monitor flap vascularity...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Martin C S Wong, Willie Hamilton, David C Whiteman, Johnny Y Jiang, Youlin Qiao, Franklin D H Fung, Harry H X Wang, Philip W Y Chiu, Enders K W Ng, Justin C Y Wu, Jun Yu, Francis K L Chan, Joseph J Y Sung
Oesophageal cancers (adenocarcinomas [AC] and squamous cell carcinomas [SCC]) are characterized by high incidence/mortality in many countries. We aimed to delineate its global incidence and mortality, and studied whether socioeconomic development and its incidence rate were correlated. The age-standardized rates (ASRs) of incidence and mortality of this medical condition in 2012 for 184 nations from the GLOBOCAN database; national databases capturing incidence rates, and the WHO mortality database were examined...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dongfang Li, Daojuan Li, Guohui Song, Di Liang, Chao Chen, Yachen Zhang, Zhaoyu Gao, Yutong He
Cixian is one of the high-risk areas for upper gastrointestinal cancer in China and the world. From 2005, comprehensive population-based screening for upper gastrointestinal cancers has been conducted in Cixian. The aim of this study was to investigate population-based cancer survival from 2003 to 2013 and to explore the effect of screening on upper gastrointestinal cancer survival in Cixian. Observed survival was estimated using the life table method. The expected survival from the general population was calculated using all-cause mortality data from the population of Cixian with the EdererII method...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Xing Chen, Le-Yi Wang, Li Huang
In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) are attracting an increasing amount of researchers' attention, as accumulating studies show that miRNAs play important roles in various basic biological processes and that dysregulation of miRNAs is connected with diverse human diseases, particularly cancers. However, the experimental methods to identify associations between miRNAs and diseases remain costly and laborious. In this study, we developed a computational method named Network Distance Analysis for MiRNA-Disease Association prediction (NDAMDA) which could effectively predict potential miRNA-disease associations...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Thomas Rossor, Ingran Lingam, Abdel Douiri, Ravindra Bhat, Anne Greenough
AIM: To determine whether a pH probe or multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) more frequently detected gastro-oesophageal reflux and test the hypothesis that acid reflux was associated with lower baseline impedance. METHODS: A prospective study of infants in whom reflux was suspected and evaluated using combined pH and multichannel impedance. Studies were considered abnormal if the acid index was >10% or there were > 79MII reflux events in 24 hours. The acid index was the percentage of total study time with a pH<four and the acid clearance time (ACT) the time from the pH falling below four to rising above four...
March 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Úna C Mc Menamin, Andrew T Kunzmann, Michael B Cook, Brian T Johnston, Liam J Murray, Andrew D Spence, Marie M Cantwell, Chris R Cardwell
Incidence of upper gastrointestinal cancers of the oesophagus and stomach show a strong unexplained male predominance. Hormonal and reproductive factors have been associated with upper gastrointestinal cancers in women but there is little available data on men. To investigate this, we included 219,425 men enrolled in the UK Biobank in 2006-2010. Baseline assessments provided information on hormonal and reproductive factors (specifically hair baldness, number of children fathered, relative age at first facial hair and relative age voice broke) and incident oesophageal or gastric cancers were identified through linkage to UK cancer registries...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
T H Taft, J R Triggs, D A Carlson, L Guadagnoli, K N Tomasino, L Keefer, J E Pandolfino
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal hypervigilance and anxiety can drive symptom experience in chronic oesophageal conditions, including gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, achalasia and functional oesophageal disorders. To date, no validated self-report measure exists to evaluate oesophageal hypervigilance and anxiety. AIMS: This study aims to develop a brief and reliable questionnaire assessing these constructs, the oesophageal hypervigilance and anxiety scale (EHAS). METHODS: Questions for the EHAS were drawn from 4 existing validated measures that assessed hypervigilance and anxiety adapted for the oesophagus...
March 12, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Mototsugu Kato, Noriko Ito, Mamiko Demura, Kimitoshi Kubo, Katsuhiro Mabe, Naohiko Harada
Introduction: The first drug selected for treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and prevention of the recurrence is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), but recently, a potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB) was put on the market in Japan. Its onset of effect is faster than PPI, and it takes more than 2 days to recover acid secretion after the withdrawal period. Therefore, unlike PPI, the usefulness of every other day administration or discontinuous administration is expected...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Efterpi Tingi, Khawla Aswad, Manal Atwan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gerald Paul Fitzgerald, John Joseph Coughlan, Zahir Satti, Samer Arnous
A 23-year-old Asian student presented to our service with a 1-month history of fever, weight loss of 10 kg, night sweats, fatigue and general malaise. He was previously well with no significant medical or family history. He had a low-grade pyrexia and cardiac auscultation revealed a diastolic murmur consistent with 'tumour plop'. He had no sequelae of endocarditis. He had low-grade pyrexia of 37.7°C, and ECG showed sinus tachycardia at 130 bpm. He had raised inflammatory markers and was started on broad spectrum antibiotics...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
E García, M P Blanco, S Riaño, I González-Mendibil, T Carrascosa, M T Antolín
A description is presented on the management of a patient with an oesophageal neoplasm scheduled for oesophagectomy. Alloantibodies were detected during a blood components reservation procedure, which made it almost impossible to obtain compatible blood. Peri-operative anaemia management or "Patient Blood Management" should be routinely performed in all patients at transfusion risk. This strategy has been considered as one of the actions to bear in mind in fast-track surgery or enhanced recovery after surgery...
March 7, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Paola Arcidiacono, Catherine M Webb, Matthew A Brooke, Huiqing Zhou, Paul J Delaney, Keat-Eng Ng, Diana C Blaydon, Andrew Tinker, David P Kelsell, Anissa Chikh
Hyperproliferative keratinocytes induced by trauma, hyperkeratosis and/or inflammation display molecular signatures similar to those of palmoplantar epidermis. Inherited gain-of-function mutations in RHBDF2 (encoding iRHOM2) are associated with a hyperproliferative palmoplantar keratoderma and squamous oesophageal cancer syndrome (termed TOC). In contrast, genetic ablation of rhbdf2 in mice leads to a thinning of the mammalian footpad, and reduces keratinocyte hyperproliferation and migration. Here, we report that iRHOM2 is a novel target gene of p63 and that both p63 and iRHOM2 differentially regulate cellular stress-associated signalling pathways in normal and hyperproliferative keratinocytes...
March 9, 2018: Nature Communications
Aleksandr Voskoboinik, Paul B Sparks, Joseph B Morton, Geoffrey Lee, Stephen A Joseph, Joshua J Hawson, Peter M Kistler, Jonathan M Kalman
BACKGROUND: Despite technological advances, studies continue to report high complication rates for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. We sought to review complication rates for AF ablation at a high-volume centre over a 14-year period and identify predictors of complications. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data from 2750 consecutive AF ablation procedures at our institution using radiofrequency energy (RF) between January 2004 and May 2017. All cases were performed under general anaesthetic with transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE), 3D-mapping and an irrigated ablation catheter...
February 3, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Jade Brown, Wyn G Lewis, Antonio Foliaki, Geoffrey W B Clark, Guy R J C Blackshaw, David S Y Chan
BACKGROUND: Colonic interposition is a second-line option after oesophagectomy when a gastric neo-oesophagus is not viable. There is no consensus on the optimum anatomical colonic conduit (right or left), or route of placement (posterior mediastinal, retrosternal or subcutaneous). The aim of this review was to determine the optimum site and route of neo-oesophageal conduit after adult oesophagectomy. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library (January 1985 to January 2017) were systematically searched for studies which reported outcomes following colonic interposition in adults...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Ester Comellas, Facundo J Bellomo, Iván Rosales, Luis F Del Castillo, Ricardo Sánchez, Pau Turon, Sergio Oller
Endoluminal vacuum-assisted closure (E-VAC) is a promising therapy to treat anastomotic leakages of the oesophagus and bowel which are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. An open-pore polyurethane foam is introduced into the leakage cavity and connected to a device that applies a suction pressure to accelerate the closure of the defect. Computational analysis of this healing process can advance our understanding of the biomechanical mechanisms at play. To this aim, we use a dual-stage finite-element analysis in which (i) the structural problem addresses the cavity reduction caused by the suction and (ii) a new constitutive formulation models tissue healing via permanent deformations coupled to a stiffness increase...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Mukesh Nasa, Shashank Bhansali, Narendra Singh Choudhary, Randhir Sud
Achalasia secondary to underlying neoplasm is a rare entity. Early recognition of secondary achalasia is important as its treatment involves management of underlying malignancy, while treatment of primary achalasia mainly involves lowering the lower oesophageal sphincter pressure with pneumatic dilatation or Heller's myotomy. We discuss an interesting case of achalasia secondary to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
March 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Léa Didier, Thomas Madelaine, Martin Cour, Laurent Argaud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Friso M Rijnberg, Colin R Butler, Christian Bieli, Sonia Kumar, Reza Nouraei, Joshua Asto, Eimear McKavanagh, Paolo de Coppi, Nagarajan Muthialu, Martin J Elliott, Richard J Hewitt
OBJECTIVES: Our study describes and analyses the results from aortopexy for the treatment of airway malacia in children. METHODS: Demographic data, characteristics and preoperative, operative and outcome details, including the need for reintervention, were collected for children undergoing aortopexy between 2006 and 2016. RESULTS: One hundred patients [median age 8.2 months, interquartile range (IQR) 3.3-26.0 months] underwent aortopexy...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
E J Ndebia, A M Sammon, E Umapathy, J E Iputo
Reflux in this region of South Africa is known to be more frequent and less acidic than in other countries. We investigated the relationship between reflux and diet. We recruited 57 healthy participants. We carried out ambulant oesophageal pH-impedance monitoring for 24 hours. We used software and visual review to analyse data and to identify episodes of reflux and rapid alkaline rises in the stomach. A usual pattern diet questionnaire provided data on frequency of consumption of common foods. Associations between reflux, gastric pH and dietary components were sought using analysis of variance, and regression analyses...
April 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Sandeep S Dhawan, Shuang Xia, David S Tait, Christoffer Bundgaard, Ellen Bowman, Verity J Brown
RATIONALE: Delivering orally bioavailable drugs to rodents is an important component to investigating that route of administration in novel treatments for humans. However, the traditional method of oral gavage requires training, is stressful, and can induce oesophageal damage in rodents. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate a novel administrative technique-palatable gelatine tablets-as a stress-free route of oral delivery. METHODS: Twenty-four male Lister hooded rats were sacrificed for brain tissue analysis at varying time-points after jelly administration of 30 mg/kg of the wake-promoting drug modafinil...
March 6, 2018: Psychopharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"