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Uveitis anterior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781927/a-case-of-corneal-neovascularization-misdiagnosed-as-total-limbal-stem-cell-deficiency
#1
Qihua Le, C Michael Samson, Sophie X Deng
PURPOSE: To report a case of corneal neovascularization misdiagnosed as total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD). METHODS: This is a case report of a 61-year-old woman who has a history of bilateral idiopathic scleritis, keratitis, and uveitis for more than 20 years. She was diagnosed with total LSCD in her left eye based on clinical presentation alone and was confirmed as a candidate for limbal transplantation at several major tertiary eye care centers in the United States...
May 16, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780945/treatment-challenges-in-an-atypical-presentation-of-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-uveitis-tinu
#2
Sonny Caplash, Sapna Gangaputra, Shilpa Kodati, Shamir Tuchman, Hemalatha Srinivasalu, H Nida Sen
Purpose: To describe an atypical presentation of Tubulointerstitial Nephritis and Uveitis (TINU), with challenges in treatment course. Observations: A 12-year-old Hispanic female presented to the National Eye Institute's Uveitis clinic with bilateral blurred vision, red eyes and photophobia, not responsive to topical steroids. On exam, she had bilateral severe panuveitis with areas of subretinal fluid. During her evaluation, she was noted to have elevated serum creatinine...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780935/two-cases-of-cytomegalovirus-panuveitis-in-immunocompetent-patients
#3
Masato Sakai, Hiroshi Takase, Kenichi Namba, Kazuomi Mizuuchi, Daiju Iwata, Susumu Ishida
Purpose: To report two cases of panuveitis in immunocompetent patients in which cytomegalovirus was involved. Observation: Case 1 was a 46-year-old man who had a history of recurrent anterior chamber inflammations in his left eye. After Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy, he developed panuveitis with vitreous haze and periphlebitis. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) examination revealed the presence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA in the anterior chamber (AC). He responded well to a series of intravitreal injections of ganciclovir (GCV)...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780926/macular-edema-associated-with-intraocular-ointment-after-cataract-surgery
#4
Asaka Kudo, Takashi Kudo, Daisuke Takahashi, Tomomi Metoki, Yukihiko Suzuki, Mitsuru Nakazawa
Purpose: To report a case with macular edema associated with uveitis, a decreased corneal endothelial cell density, and vitreous opacity caused by migrated intraocular antibiotic ointment after uneventful cataract surgery. Observations: A 63-year-old man underwent uneventful sutureless superior clear corneal phacoemulsification and implantation of an intraocular lens in his right eye. Eleven months later, he complained of blurred vision when he gazed downward. Three months later, uveitis, vitreous opacity, and retinal hemorrhage were noted...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780916/visual-acuity-of-20-32-13-5-years-after-a-retinal-pigment-epithelium-and-choroid-graft-transplantation
#5
Elsbeth J T van Zeeburg, Kristel J M Maaijwee, Jan C van Meurs
Purpose: To present the 13.5-year-survival of an autologous retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroid graft transplantation with good visual acuity results. Observations: A 72-year old patient presented with a 5-weeks-old visual acuity deterioration to excentric finger counting at half a meter. Fundoscopy showed a fibrotic macular scar, a large subretinal hemorrhage, partly recent, combined with intraretinal fluid, blood, and hard exudates. RPE-choroid graft surgery was performed, and visual acuity improved to 20/32, and maintained up until 13...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776935/ocular-manifestations-of-rickettsia-in-children-common-but-frequently-overlooked
#6
Sara Homem de Melo Marques, Marta Gomes Guerra, Catarina Almeida, Miguel Ribeiro
We review two cases of ocular manifestations of Rickettsia conorii infection in children. A girl who presented unilateral visual loss with focal retinitis and macular oedema and a boy with unilateral central scotoma and bilateral anterior uveitis. Progressive functional and anatomic recovery was observed after oral antibiotics and steroids were initiated.
May 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773271/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-associated-uveitis
#7
REVIEW
Ethan S Sen, A V Ramanan
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the commonest rheumatic disease in children and JIA-associated uveitis its most frequent extra-articular manifestation. The uveitis is potentially sight-threatening and thus carries a considerable risk of morbidity with associated reduction in quality of life. The commonest form of uveitis seen in association with JIA is chronic anterior uveitis, which is almost always asymptomatic in the initial stages. Therefore, screening for JIA-associated uveitis in at-risk patients is essential...
August 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773140/first-ocular-report-of-gurltia-paralysans-wolffh%C3%A3-gel-1933-in-cat
#8
Raquel Udiz-Rodríguez, Katherine Garcia-Livia, Maria Valladares-Salmerón, Maria Naira Dorta-Almenar, Natalia Martín-Carrillo, Aaron Martin-Alonso, Elena Izquierdo-Rodriguez, Carlos Feliu, Basilio Valladares, Pilar Foronda
A two-year-old cat from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain), presented with two months history of uveitis in the left eye. It had been treated for two months but still showed an active uveitis. After new treatment, eye examination showed a mobile worm in the anterior chamber. Following surgical removal, the worm was obtained. Morphological study revealed that it was a male metastrongyloid nematode (Nematoda: Metastrongyloidea) with caudal bursa and two similar spicules. Molecular tools based on the 18Sr RNA gene sequence identified the parasite as Gurltia paralysans, which is a neurotropic nematode previously found in South America...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771573/increased-circulating-proinflammatory-t-lymphocytes-in-children-with-different-forms-of-anterior-uveitis-results-from-a-pilot-study
#9
Karoline Walscheid, Lisa Neekamp, Arnd Heiligenhaus, Toni Weinhage, Carsten Heinz, Dirk Foell
PURPOSE: To characterize peripheral blood T cells in juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis (JIAU). METHODS: Blood samples were taken from children with JIAU (n = 18), JIA without ocular involvement (n = 11), idiopathic anterior uveitis (IAU, n = 12), and healthy controls (n = 11). Cells were stained for T cell surface markers, and intracellular cytokine staining was performed after cell stimulation and analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The Th1/Th2 ratio was increased in JIAU patients...
May 17, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763582/the-pathogenic-role-of-dendritic-cells-in-non-infectious-anterior-uveitis
#10
M O'Rourke, U Fearon, C M Sweeney, S A Basdeo, J M Fletcher, C C Murphy, M Canavan
BACKGROUND: Anterior uveitis (AU) is characterised by infiltration of immune cells into the anterior chamber of the eye. Dendritic cells (DC) are professional antigen presenting cells that initiate and promote inflammation. This study aims to characterise DC in AU and to examine the effects of aqueous humor (AqH) on DC maturation and function. METHODS: The frequency and phenotype of AU and healthy control (HC) circulating DC was examined. AU and HC AqH was immunostained and assessed by flow cytometry...
May 17, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762893/retrobulbar-vs-peribulbar-regional-anesthesia-techniques-using-bupivacaine-in-dogs
#11
Yael Shilo-Benjamini, Peter J Pascoe, David J Maggs, Steven R Hollingsworth, Ann R Strom, Kathryn L Good, Sara M Thomasy, Philip H Kass, Erik R Wisner
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of retrobulbar anesthesia (RBA) and peribulbar anesthesia (PBA) in dogs. ANIMAL STUDIED: Six adult mixed-breed dogs (18-24 kg). PROCEDURES: In a randomized, masked, crossover trial with a 10-day washout period, each dog was sedated with intravenously administered dexmedetomidine and administered 0.5% bupivacaine:iopamidol (4:1) as RBA (2 mL via a ventrolateral site) or PBA (5 mL divided equally between ventrolateral and dorsomedial sites)...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754330/gender-differences-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-women-are-not-so-lucky
#12
REVIEW
T Rusman, R F van Vollenhoven, I E van der Horst-Bruinsma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was historically seen as a predominantly male disease. However, more recent data showed a more homogenous sex prevalence. Unfortunately, in many studies in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), the number of women included is low and the analyses are often not stratified for gender distribution. The purpose of this review is to aggregate the existing data on gender differences in axSpA in order to increase the awareness that female axSpA patients are still under-recognized...
May 12, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747367/-ultrastructure-of-the-lens-anterior-capsule-in-secondary-cataract-associated-with-uveitis-under-an-electron-microscope
#13
M L Yang, L Yang
Objective: To observe the ultrastructure of lens epithelium cells in cataract associated with uveitis. Methods: A cross-sectional study. Seven patients(7 eyes) received phacoemulsification in Peking University First Hospital from August 2016 to March 2017 due to complicated cataract associated with uveitis[2 males and 5 females,with an average age of (49±20) years] and 3 patients of age-related cataract (3 eyes, females, aged 54, 71, 74 years) were enrolled. Anterior capsule samples were collected during surgery...
May 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747356/-research-on-the-surgery-treatment-and-etiology-of-fungal-endophthalmitis
#14
H Y Zhou, J J Ye, Y Y Chen, F T Dong
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of vitrectomy and etiological diagnosis in the treatment of fungal endophthalmitis. Methods: A retrospective survey was done on the clinical manifestation, etiological diagnosis and treatment efficacy of 15 patients (15 eyes) who had been diagnosed with fungal endophthalmitis at the inpatient department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital during 2002-2015. A total of 15 eyes of 15 patients, 3 male and 12 female patients, were included in this study. The mean age of the patients was (45...
April 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742372/case-14-2018-a-68-year-old-woman-with-a-rash-hyponatremia-and-uveitis
#15
Molly L Paras, Emily P Hyle, Ruth K Foreman, K C Coffey
Presentation of Case. Dr. AbdulRasheed A. Alabi (Medicine): A 68-year-old woman was admitted to this hospital during the winter because of a rash, hyponatremia, and anterior uveitis. One month before admission, the patient traveled abroad. She spent a week in Sweden visiting family members,..
May 10, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740978/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-acute-anterior-uveitis-but-not-psoriasis-are-associated-with-disease-duration-in-axial-spa-results-from-the-be-giant-and-aspect-cohort
#16
Gaëlle Varkas, Nathan Vastesaeger, Heleen Cypers, Roos Colman, Thomas Renson, Liesbet Van Praet, Philippe Carron, F Raeman, Mieke Devinck, Lieve Gyselbrecht, Luc Corluy, Yves Piette, Jan Lenaerts, Kristof Thevissen, Benedicte Vanneuville, Filip Van den Bosch, Dirk Elewaut
OBJECTIVE: To determine the link between extra-articular manifestations (EAMs) and baseline patient characteristics, and to define their potentially differential prognostic value in two large nation-wide and independent AxSpA cohorts with distinct recruitment periods. METHODS: The analyzed data originate from the (Be-)Giant cohort which includes consecutive patients with AxSpA since 2010, whereas ASPECT which includes information on consecutive patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and probable AS between February 2004 and 2005...
May 9, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739028/-topical-corticosteroids-and-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-the-therapy-of-non-infectious-uveitis
#17
Deshka Doycheva, Christoph Deuter, Rafael Grajewski
Topical corticosteroids are effective anti-inflammatory drugs in the treatment of anterior uveitis. The intraocular efficacy of topical corticosteroids mostly depends on their intraocular permeability through the cornea. Lipophile derivatives such as dexamethasone and prednisolone acetate penetrate better into the anterior chamber than hydrophilic derivatives. Prednisolone acetate 1% is the first choice in the therapy of patients with anterior uveitis. Loteprednole and fluorometholone have a slightly weaker anti-inflammatory effect, but they induce less elevation of intraocular pressure and might be helpful in the treatment of patients with steroid response...
May 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731474/a-case-of-unusual-persistent-pupillary-membrane-with-total-anterior-capsular-pigmentation
#18
SeongJin Yun, Seonmi Kang, Kangmoon Seo
A 5-year-old castrated male poodle presented with blindness. Ophthalmic examinations including slit-lamp biomicroscopy, tonometry, ultrasonography, and electroretinography, were performed. The anterior lens capsule of the right eye (OD) was totally pigmented, with persistent pupillary membranes (PPMs). Ultrasonography of the same eye showed severe lens atrophy and retinal detachment. Electroretinography revealed flat a- and b-waves in OD, but normal amplitudes in the left eye (OS). No ocular defects were detected in OS except mature cataract...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719641/patterns-of-uveitis-at-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-northeastern-iran
#19
Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Nasser Shoeibi, Raheleh Ebrahimi, Mehdi Ghasemi
Purpose: To describe the demographic and clinical patterns of patients with uveitis referred to a tertiary center in northeastern Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional retrospective study included 235 patients with uveitis who had been referred to the uveitis clinic of Khatam-Al-Anbia eye hospital, affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, from February 2013 to March 2014. Data regarding patient age, sex, anatomical location of the disease, and etiologic and clinical features were analyzed...
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718071/two-case-reports-of-zoledronic-acid-induced-uveitis
#20
T Kennedy, P W Sellar, D Vaideanu-Collins, J Ng
Zoledronic acid (zoledronate) is a bisphosphonate used predominantly as a second-line treatment for post-menopausal osteoporosis. Its administration is associated with an acute phase reaction. Here, we present two cases of anterior uveitis following initial administration of zoledronate. In the first case, an 80-year-old lady presented with right eye pain and decreased visual acuity 24-hours post-infusion. Uveitis was diagnosed and sub-conjunctival injection of corticosteroids was required. In the second case, a 78-year-old lady presented with right eye pain, vomiting and decreased acuity 24-hours after infusion...
April 28, 2018: Age and Ageing
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