keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Female stroke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545279/-impact-of-gender-and-age-on-in-hospital-major-adverse-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-events-of-patients-with-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#1
Q N Shen, D X Wang, H B Zhai, Z C Dong, J Liu, B Zhang
Objective: To investigate the impact of gender and age on in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events of patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: This is a retrospective single-center study. A total of consecutive 1 102 patients with acute STEMI admitted to our hospital from January 2001 to December 2010 were recruited and clinical data were analyzed. The primary end point was in-hospital death due to any cause, and the secondary end point was in-hospital composite end point including death, re-infarction and stroke...
April 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545166/childhood-predictors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
O Ajala, F Mold, C Boughton, D Cooke, M Whyte
Childhood obesity predicts the risk of adult adiposity, which is associated with the earlier onset of cardiovascular disease [adult atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, ACVD: hypertension, increased carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD)] and dysglycaemia. Because it is not known whether childhood obesity contributes to these diseases, we conducted a systematic review of studies that examine the ability of measures of obesity in childhood to predict dysglycaemia and ACVD...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543923/sex-differences-in-fitness-and-cardiac-function-during-exercise-in-adolescents-with-chronic-fatigue
#3
Paolo T Pianosi, Eric Emerling, Kristin C Mara, Amy L Weaver, Philip R Fischer
Females demonstrate less robust Frank-Starling mechanism with respect to cardiac preload than males at rest. We asked whether this phenomenon would also affect cardiac performance during exercise. We hypothesized that stroke volume (SV) response to exercise would be more limited in deconditioned females such that cardiac output would be mainly rate dependent, compared with males. We conducted a chart audit of clinical exercise tests performed by adolescents with chronic fatigue. Oxygen uptake (VO2 ) was measured breath-by-breath at rest and during cycle ergometry, while cardiac output was measured by acetylene rebreathing at rest plus 2-3 sub-threshold workloads...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542035/trends-and-factors-associated-with-antipsychotic-use-among-elderly-patients-with-dementia-in-taiwan-from-2005-to-2013-a-population-based-study
#4
Yu-Wen Chiu, Chih-Wan Huang, Pei-Jung Chen, Nan-Wen Yu, Hui-Ju Tsai, Chi-Shin Wu, Chia-Ming Chang
This study aimed to examine the trends and factors associated with antipsychotic prescriptions for elderly outpatients with dementia in Taiwan from 2005 to 2013. We assessed the annual prescription patterns of antipsychotic medications among elderly patients attending outpatient visits for dementia between 2005 and 2013 using the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. We also carried out logistic regression analyses to test the trends and associated factors. We found that any antipsychotic prescriptions for elderly patients making visits for dementia increased slightly, from 25...
May 24, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539562/sex-related-differences-in-the-clinical-events-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation%C3%A3-the-fushimi-af-registry
#5
Hisashi Ogawa, Yasuhiro Hamatani, Kosuke Doi, Yuji Tezuka, Yoshimori An, Mitsuru Ishii, Moritake Iguchi, Nobutoyo Masunaga, Masahiro Esato, Yeong-Hwa Chun, Hikari Tsuji, Hiromichi Wada, Koji Hasegawa, Mitsuru Abe, Gregory Yh Lip, Masaharu Akao
BACKGROUND: Female sex is considered a risk factor for thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and is included in the risk stratification scheme, CHA2DS2-VASc score. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of female Japanese AF patients.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of the AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. Follow-up data were available for 3,878 patients. Female AF patients (n=1,551, 40...
May 25, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538026/children-with-burn-injury-have-impaired-cardiac-output-during-submaximal-exercise
#6
Eric Rivas, David N Herndon, Kenneth C Beck, Oscar E Suman
INTRODUCTION: Burn trauma damages resting cardiac function; however, it is currently unknown if the cardiovascular response to exercise is likewise impaired. We tested the hypothesis that, in children, burn injury lowers cardiac output (Q) and stroke volume (SV) during submaximal exercise. METHODS: Five children with 49±4% total body surface area (BSA) burned (2 female, 11.7±1 y, 40.4±18 kg, 141.1±9 cm) and eight similar non-burned controls (5 female, 12.5±2 y, 58...
May 22, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536172/overestimation-of-susceptibility-vessel-sign-a-predictive-marker-of-stroke-cause
#7
Ruiting Zhang, Ying Zhou, Chang Liu, Meixia Zhang, Shenqiang Yan, David S Liebeskind, Min Lou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The extent of blooming artifact may reflect the amount of paramagnetic material. We thus assessed the overestimation ratio of susceptibility vessel sign (SVS) on susceptibility-weighted imaging, defined as the extent of SVS width beyond the lumen and examined its value for predicting the stroke cause in acute ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: We included consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients with proximal large artery occlusion who underwent both susceptibility-weighted imaging and time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography within 8 hours poststroke onset...
May 23, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532575/readmission-rates-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-high-and-extreme-risk-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis
#8
Jessica Forcillo, Jose F Condado, Jose N Binongo, Yi Lasanajak, Hope Caughron, Vasilis Babaliaros, Chandan Devireddy, Bradley Leshnower, Robert A Guyton, Peter C Block, Amy Simone, Patricia Keegan, Paul Khairy, Vinod H Thourani
OBJECTIVE: In high- or extreme-risk patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement, readmissions have not been adequately studied and are the subject of increased scrutiny by healthcare systems. The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of 30-day and 1-year cardiac and noncardiac readmissions, identify predictors of readmission, and assess the association between readmission and 1-year mortality. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 714 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement from September 2007 to January 2015 at Emory University...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527930/outcomes-of-open-and-endovascular-lower-extremity-revascularization-in-active-smokers-with-advanced-peripheral-arterial-disease
#9
Samuel L Chen, Matthew D Whealon, Nii-Kabu Kabutey, Isabella J Kuo, Michael D Sgroi, Roy M Fujitani
OBJECTIVE: Concern over perioperative and long-term durability of lower extremity revascularizations among active smokers is a frequent deterrent for vascular surgeons to perform elective lower extremity revascularization. In this study, we examined perioperative outcomes of lower extremity endovascular (LEE) revascularization and open lower extremity bypass (LEB) in active smokers with intermittent claudication (IC) and critical limb ischemia (CLI). METHODS: Active smokers undergoing LEE or LEB from 2011 to 2014 were identified in the American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) targeted vascular data set...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527083/shared-mechanisms-of-epilepsy-migraine-and-affective-disorders
#10
Davide Zarcone, Simona Corbetta
Since the nineteenth century several clinical features have been observed in common between migraine and epilepsy (such as episodic attacks, triggering factors, presence of aura, frequent familiarity), but only in recent years researchers have really engaged in finding a common pathogenic mechanism. From studies of disease incidence, we understand how either migraine among patients with epilepsy or epilepsy among migraine patients are more frequent than in the general population. This association may result from a direct causality, by the same environmental risk factors and/or by a common genetic susceptibility...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526482/reducing-trunk-compensation-in-stroke-survivors-a-randomized-crossover-trial-comparing-visual-vs-force-feedback-modalities
#11
Bulmaro Adolfo Valdés, Andrea Nicole Schneider, Hendrik Fridolijn Machiel Van der Loos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the compensatory trunk movements of stroke survivors observed during reaching tasks can be decreased by force and visual feedback, and examine whether one of these feedback modalities is more efficacious than the other in reducing this compensatory tendency. DESIGN: Randomized Crossover Trial SETTING: University research laboratory PARTICIPANTS: 15 community dwelling older adults: 5 female, 64 ± 11 years old, with hemiplegia from non-traumatic hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke (> 3 months post-stroke), recruited from stroke recovery groups, the research group's website and the community...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524121/-the-use-of-high-flow-extracranial-intracranial-artery-bypass-in-pathology-of-the-cerebral-and-brachiocephalic-arteries-technical-features-and-surgical-outcomes
#12
A V Dubovoy, K S Ovsyannikov, V E Guzhin, A V Cherepanov, D M Galaktionov, A M Perfil'ev, A O Sosnov
BACKGROUND: Poor outcomes of surgical treatment for complex cerebral aneurysms due to the development of cerebral ischemia were the cause to use cerebral revascularization surgery for this pathology. OBJECTIVE: the study objective was to master a high-flow extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) artery bypass technique and evaluate its application in surgical treatment of complex and giant cerebral aneurysms as well as complex lesions of the brachiocephalic arteries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty two patients underwent high-flow IC-EC bypass surgery; of these, 34 patients had complex cerebral aneurysms, and 18 patients had complex stenotic occlusive lesions of the brachiocephalic arteries...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523847/sex-differences-in-cardiovascular-risk-profiles-of-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-diabetes-in-the-greater-cincinnati-northern-kentucky-stroke-study
#13
Tracy E Madsen, Jane C Khoury, Kathleen A Alwell, Charles J Moomaw, Stacie L Demel, Matthew L Flaherty, Daniel Woo, Jason Mackey, Felipe De Los Rios La Rosa, Sharyl Martini, Simona Ferioli, Opeolu Adeoye, Pooja Khatri, Brett M Kissela, Dawn Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare sex-specific associations between cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes mellitus (DM) among patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study (GCNKSS). METHODS: The GCNKSS ascertained AIS cases in 2005 and 2010 among adult (age ≥20 years) residents of a biracial population of 1.3 million. Past and current stroke risk factors were compared between those with and without DM using chi-square and multiple logistic regression to examine sex-specific profiles...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522987/stroke-incidence-in-victoria-australia-emerging-improvements
#14
Benjamin B Clissold, Vijaya Sundararajan, Peter Cameron, John McNeil
BACKGROUND: Evidence of a decline in the incidence of stroke has emerged from population-based studies. These have included retrospective and prospective cohorts. However, in Australia and other countries, government bodies and stroke foundations predict a rise in the prevalence of stroke that is anticipated to increase the burden of stroke across the entire domain of care. This increase in prevalence must be viewed as different from the decline in incidence being observed, a measure of new stroke cases...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522699/greater-frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-is-associated-with-lower-prevalence-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#15
Sean P Heffron, Caron B Rockman, Mark A Adelman, Eugenia Gianos, Yu Guo, Jin Feng Xu, Jeffrey S Berger
OBJECTIVE: Although fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, its association with peripheral artery disease (PAD) is less certain. We, thus, sought to characterize F&V intake and investigate the association between F&V consumption and presence of PAD in a large community sample. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Self-referred participants at >20 000 US sites who completed medical and lifestyle questionnaires were evaluated by screening ankle brachial indices for PAD (ankle brachial index ≤0...
June 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522364/inhibition-of-mir-181a-protects-female-mice-from-transient-focal-cerebral-ischemia-by-targeting-astrocyte-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE
#16
Creed M Stary, Lijun Xu, Le Li, Xiaoyun Sun, Yi-Bing Ouyang, Xiaoxing Xiong, Jing Zhao, Rona G Giffard
Whether the effect of miR-181a is sexually dimorphic in stroke is unknown. Prior work showed protection of male mice with miR-181a inhibition. Estrogen receptor-α (ERα) is an identified target of miR181 in endometrium. Therefore we investigated the separate and joint effects of miR-181a inhibition and 17β-estradiol (E2) replacement after ovariectomy. Adult female mice were ovariectomized and implanted with an E2- or vehicle-containing capsule for 14d prior to 1h middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Each group received either miR-181a antagomir or mismatch control by intracerebroventricular injection 24h before MCAO...
May 15, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521824/are-ankylosing-spondylitis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-undifferentiated-spondyloarthritis-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-a-prospective-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Karin Bengtsson, Helena Forsblad-d'Elia, Elisabeth Lie, Eva Klingberg, Mats Dehlin, Sofia Exarchou, Ulf Lindström, Johan Askling, Lennart T H Jacobsson
BACKGROUND: To investigate the risk of first-time acute coronary syndrome (ACS), stroke and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (uSpA), compared to each other and to the general population (GP). METHODS: This is a prospective nationwide cohort study. Cohorts with AS (n = 6448), PsA (n = 16,063) and uSpA (n = 5190) patients and a GP (n = 266,435) cohort, were identified 2001-2009 in the Swedish National Patient and Population registers...
May 18, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516331/burden-of-herpes-simplex-virus-encephalitis-in-the-united-states
#18
S Modi, Abhimanyu Mahajan, D Dharaiya, P Varelas, P Mitsias
Herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE) is a disease of public health concern, but its burden on the healthcare of United States has not been adequately assessed recently. We aimed to define the incidence, complications and outcomes of HSVE in the recent decade by analyzing data from a nationally representative database. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project databases were utilized to identify patients with primary discharge diagnosis of HSVE. Annual hospitalization rate was estimated and several preselected inpatient complications were identified...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515742/the-use-of-intraoperative-epiaortic-ultrasonography-in-monitoring-patients-over-75-years-old-treated-with-aortic-valve-replacement
#19
Tomasz Niklewski, Michał Zembala, Dariusz Puszczewicz, Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Wojciech Karolak, Marian Zembala
INTRODUCTION: Epiaortic ultrasound scanning (EAS) extended the use of ultrasound to the intraoperative diagnosis of aortic pathology. Surgical palpation of the ascending aorta underestimates the presence and severity of atherosclerotic plaques. Epiaortic ultrasound scanning has been used as an adjunct to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) or as a primary direct diagnostic tool for imaging the ascending aorta as well as the aortic arch, which gained prominence as part of a multipronged intraoperative strategy to reduce atherosclerotic emboli...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514337/-sex-differences-in-acute-disturbances-of-cerebral-blood-circulation
#20
N A Pizov, N V Pizova
It is shown that in the development of stroke observed sex differences, which manifest themselves both clinically and by laboratory parameters. While men have a higher incidence of stroke for most of his life, a woman in a more advanced age have a higher risk for stroke. Sex differences in the development of stroke depend on several factors, including genetic and hormonal changes throughout life. Studies sex differences in the risk of stroke is only in the initial stage, but the first results show that there are differences in neuronal cell death in males and females after experimental ischemic stroke...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
keyword
keyword
6137
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"