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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782081/student-perspectives-on-oncology-curricula-at-united-states-medical-schools
#1
Brandon C Neeley, Daniel W Golden, Jeffrey V Brower, Steve E Braunstein, Ariel E Hirsch, Malcolm D Mattes
Delivering a cohesive oncology curriculum to medical students is challenging due to oncology's multidisciplinary nature, predominantly outpatient clinical setting, and lack of data describing effective approaches to teaching it. We sought to better characterize approaches to oncology education at US medical schools by surveying third and fourth year medical students who serve on their institution's curriculum committee. We received responses from students at 19 schools (15.2% response rate). Key findings included the following: (1) an under-emphasis of cancer in the curriculum relative to other common diseases; (2) imbalanced involvement of different clinical subspecialists as educators; (3) infrequent requirements for students to rotate through non-surgical oncologic clerkships; and (4) students are less confident in their knowledge of cancer treatment compared to basic science/natural history or workup/diagnosis...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781133/smartphone-use-and-the-perception-of-professionalism-among-medical-students-and-surgical-faculty
#2
Silka Patel, Anne Lidor, Abanti Sanyal, Alice R Goepfert, Nancy Hueppchen
OBJECTIVE: To understand the perception of professionalism surrounding smartphone use (wards/educational activities) among medical students and surgical faculty. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was conducted using an electronic survey and distributed to third- and fourth-year medical students, obstetrics/gynecology, and surgery faculty members. Five cases were randomly presented; participants were asked to review and rate the clinician's behavior on a 5-point Likert scale...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780525/medical-students-perceptions-of-professional-misconduct-relationship-with-typology-and-year-of-programme
#3
Juliana Zulkifli, Brad Noel, Deirdre Bennett, Siun O'Flynn, Colm O'Tuathaigh
AIM: To examine the contribution of programme year and demographic factors to medical students' perceptions of evidence-based classification categories of professional misconduct. METHODS: Students at an Irish medical school were administered a cross-sectional survey comprising 31 vignettes of professional misconduct, which mapped onto a 12-category classification system. Students scored each item using a 5-point Likert scale, where 1 represents the least severe form of misconduct and 5 the most severe...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759099/effects-of-clinical-exposure-to-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine-on-confidence-levels-of-medical-students
#4
Lisa N Shapiro, Danielle Defoe, Min-Kyung Jung, To Shan Li, Sheldon C Yao
Context: Training in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) is a unique component of the osteopathic medical school curriculum. Indicators of successful OMM programming include student comfort in explaining and performing OMM as well as confidence in using OMM on future patients. Research on the amount of clinical exposure sufficient to achieve this goal is limited. Objectives: To gauge the impact of clinical OMM exposure on medical students' self-assessed understanding of OMM, their ability to discuss, explain, and perform OMM, and their plan to use OMM in their future practice...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759091/fundamentals-for-an-osteopathic-obesity-designed-study-the-effects-of-education-on-osteopathic-medical-students-attitudes-regarding-obesity
#5
Gregory G Gayer, Jennifer Weiss, Michael Clearfield
Context: Obesity is a major health concern in the United States, and its prevalence continues to rise. Although it is a common health issue, many people, including health care professionals, are biased against people with obesity. Objective: To determine whether a comprehensive obesity curriculum presented to students in medical school can positively influence their attitudes toward obesity. Methods: The study was designed around a comprehensive educational obesity curriculum at Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA, involving the classes of 2013 through 2018...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726243/the-effect-of-near-peer-tutoring-on-medical-students-performance-in-anatomical-and-physiological-sciences
#6
Katrina Morgan, Emily E Northey, Mohammed K Khalil
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare professional schools across the world are implementing near-peer tutoring (NPT) programs owing to numerous benefits to both tutors and tutees. This study determined whether higher attendance at NPT sessions led to improvements in course grades for high and low performing students. METHODS: Fourth-year medical students used the USMLE Step 1 question format to tutor first-year medical students during the second half of the Structure and Function (SF) module, i...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708355/-undergraduate-training-in-physician-patient-communication
#7
Alexandre Berney, Pascale Pécoud, Céline Bourquin, Friedrich Stiefel
In addition to providing psychiatric care to patients with somatic diseases, liaison psychiatry plays an important role in the teaching of the relational aspects of the clinical encounter between patients and clinicians. This series of three articles proposes a critical reflection on this topic, and presents examples of undergraduate and postgraduate teaching programs developed by the psychiatric liaison service at Lausanne University Hospital. This article describes the general context of undergraduate teaching, and focuses on our training with simulated patient of a breaking bad news situation, taking place during the fourth year of medical studies...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693609/otolaryngology-exposure-in-a-longitudinal-integrated-clerkship-setting
#8
Grace Margaret Scott, Corliss Ann Elizabeth Best, Damian Christopher Micomonaco
BACKGROUND: Although 20-40% of primary care complaints are Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (OtoHNS) related, little emphasis is placed on OtoHNS instruction at the undergraduate medical education level. An OtoHNS clerkship rotation is not required at most Canadian medical schools. Furthermore, at institutions offering an OtoHNS rotation, less than 20% of students are able to complete a placement. Given that a large percentage of medical students in Canada will pursue primary care as a career, there remains a gap in providing OtoHNS clinical training...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678133/the-fourth-year-of-medical-school-time-for-reassessment-aoa-critical-issues
#9
Benjamin A Alman, James J Purtill, Vincent D Pellegrini, Peter Scoles
Most U.S. medical schools follow the 4-year model, consisting of 2 preclinical years, core clinical experience, and a fourth year intended to permit students to increase clinical competency, to explore specialty areas, and to transition to residency. Although the design and delivery of Years 1 through 3 have evolved to meet new challenges and expectations, the structure of Year 4 remains largely unchanged. For most students considering a career in orthopaedics, Year 4 is a series of elective rotations in which educational objectives become secondary to interviewing for residency programs...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678105/a-national-longitudinal-survey-of-medical-students-intentions-to-practice-among-the-underserved
#10
Thomas F O'Connell, Sandra A Ham, Theodore G Hart, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
PURPOSE: To explore students' intentions to practice in medically underserved areas. METHOD: In January 2011, 960 third-year medical students from 24 MD-granting U.S. medical schools were invited to participate in a survey on their intention to practice in a medically underserved area. A follow-up survey was sent to participants in September 2011. Covariates included student demographics, medical school characteristics, environmental exposures, work experiences, sense of calling, and religious characteristics...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638300/characteristics-of-pediatric-clinical-interventions-documented-by-a-school-of-pharmacy
#11
Lea S Eiland
OBJECTIVES: Documentation of interventions by pharmacists has become a standard of practice in clinical practice sites. Pharmacists' interventions in pediatric practice settings for short periods of time have been reported in the literature. A single study has described faculty and student interventions in the pediatric setting. The objective of this study was to characterize 4 years of interventions by faculty and students of a school of pharmacy that occurred at various pediatric practice sites throughout a state...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634908/an-entrustable-professional-activity-epa-based-framework-to-prepare-fourth-year-medical-students-for-internal-medicine-careers
#12
D Michael Elnicki, Meenakshy K Aiyer, Maria L Cannarozzi, Alexander Carbo, Paul R Chelminski, Shobhina G Chheda, Saumil M Chudgar, Heather E Harrell, L Chad Hood, Michelle Horn, Karnjit Johl, Gregory C Kane, Diana B McNeill, Marty D Muntz, Anne G Pereira, Emily Stewart, Heather Tarantino, T Robert Vu
The purpose of the fourth year of medical school remains controversial. Competing demands during this transitional phase cause confusion for students and educators. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) released 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (CEPAERs). A committee comprising members of the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine and the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine applied these principles to preparing students for internal medicine residencies...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608992/student-and-recent-graduate-perspectives-on-radiological-imaging-instruction-during-basic-anatomy-courses
#13
Andrew W Phillips, Hunter Eason, Christopher M Straus
Recently, faculty at Pritzker School of Medicine, The University of Chicago, have made efforts to improve the depth of radiological anatomy knowledge that students have, but no insights exist as to student and resident opinions of how clinically helpful deep anatomical understanding is. A single-institution survey of second- and fourth-year medical students and postgraduate year 1-4 residents from 11 specialties, composed of five-point Likert questions, sample examination questions, and narrative response questions, was distributed in 2015...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607830/university-of-hawai-i-john-a-burns-school-of-medicine-medical-students-attitudes-towards-obese-patients
#14
Kristen M Chin, Mary Tschann, Jennifer Salcedo, Reni Soon, Kasey Kajiwara, Bliss Kaneshiro
Studies have shown that healthcare professionals often demonstrate obesity biases, which in turn reduce the quality of care obese patients receive. The purpose of the current study was to describe third and fourth year University of Hawai'i, John A. Burns School of Medicine medical students' attitudes towards obese patients. Data were collected using previously validated questions from a pilot study assessing how healthcare providers react and recommend medical care to patients with varying characteristics...
June 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586443/deconstructing-one-medical-school-s-pain-curriculum-ii-partnering-with-medical-students-on-an-evidence-guided-redesign
#15
Ylisabyth S Bradshaw, Neha Patel Wacks, Alejandra Perez-Tamayo, Brenden Myers, Chukwueloka Obionwu, Rebecca A Lee, Daniel B Carr
Objective: To reshape medical education about pain to present it as a population-based public health process as well as a neuron-centered phenomenon. Design: Collaborate with students to apply a recent inventory of pain-related preclinical curricular content and clinical training in order to modify the current multiyear presentation and offer a broadened social perspective on pain. Appraise fourth-year medical students' pain-related educational needs by surveying their knowledge, attitudes, experience with the curriculum, and self-reported assessment of pain-related competencies...
April 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501114/evaluation-of-palliative-care-training-and-skills-retention-by-medical-students
#16
Priti P Parikh, Mary T White, Lynne Buckingham, Kathryn M Tchorz
BACKGROUND: Training in palliative and end-of-life care has been introduced in medical education; however, the impact of such training and the retention of skills and knowledge have not been studied in detail. This survey study examines long-term follow-up on end-of-life communication skills training, evaluation, and skills retention in medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the surgical clerkship, all third-year medical students received communication skills training in palliative care using simulated patients...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495839/medical-residents-interest-in-and-current-status-of-japanese-postgraduate-education-in-acupuncture-and-moxibustion-a-follow-up-survey
#17
Yoshinobu Nakada, Masanori Takashi, Katsuhiko Arai, Makoto Arai
BACKGROUND: Japanese traditional medicine (Kampo medicine) is an important subject in Japanese medical schools. Acupuncture and moxibustion (AM), essential categories of Kampo medicine, are taught in a few medical schools today. However, the current state of postgraduate AM education is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare medical residents' awareness of AM before their AM education in the 4th year of medical school with that after completion of their 2-year postgraduate medical residency...
August 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490882/connectivity-to-computers-and-the-internet-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Maritta Välimäki, Lauri Kuosmanen, Heli Hätönen, Marita Koivunen, Anneli Pitkänen, Christina Athanasopoulou, Minna Anttila
PURPOSE: Information and communication technologies have been developed for a variety of health care applications and user groups in the field of health care. This study examined the connectivity to computers and the Internet among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used to study 311 adults with SSDs from the inpatient units of two psychiatric hospitals in Finland. The data collection lasted for 20 months and was done through patients' medical records and a self-reported, structured questionnaire...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483440/have-we-come-as-far-as-we-had-hoped-discrimination-in-the-residency-interview
#19
Kara Hessel, Peter DiPasco, Lyndsey Kilgore, Casey Shelley, Alvin Perry, Jamie Wagner
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to use a pilot survey of fourth-year medical students at our institution to determine if female residency applicants were asked potentially illegal questions regarding family status and childbearing more frequently than male applicants. Secondary objectives included comparing the use of potentially illegal questions in surgical versus nonsurgical specialties and between community and academic residency programs. DESIGN: A 20-item questionnaire was distributed to all fourth-year medical students at the University of Kansas School of Medicine...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474960/getting-started-with-peer-assisted-learning-in-a-veterinary-curriculum
#20
Catriona E Bell, Susan M Rhind, Nigel H Stansbie, Neil P H Hudson
Peer-Assisted Learning (PAL) methodologies that involve students teaching other students have been shown to be valid and effective in a variety of disciplines, and are gaining increasing interest within veterinary medical education. PAL has been formally embedded within the undergraduate veterinary clinical skills curriculum at the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies (R(D)SVS), Edinburgh since 2009 (and informally for several years before this), and has been delivered successfully to over one thousand first-year tutees by over one thousand fourth-year tutors (in their penultimate clinical year)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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