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Fourth year medical school

Karin Page-Cutrara, Melanie Turk
BACKGROUND: Prebriefing is the introductory phase of the simulation process, however, little nursing education research is available on this aspect of simulation. Reflection theory and concept mapping informed a model-based structured prebriefing activity to prepare students for meaningful simulation learning. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the intervention of structured prebriefing for its effect on nursing students' competency performance, clinical judgment and their perceived prebriefing experience...
September 24, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Beth Walker, Deirdre Wallace, Zaheer Mangera, Deborah Gill
BACKGROUND: A small number of medical students elect to work as health care assistants (HCAs) during or prior to their undergraduate training. There is a significant body of evidence in the literature regarding the impact of HCA experience on student nurses; however, little research has examined the effects of such experience on medical students. METHODS: All fourth-year medical students with self-declared experience as HCAs from a single UK medical school were invited to participate in focus groups to explore their experiences and perceptions...
September 15, 2016: Clinical Teacher
Amin Azzam, David Bresler, Armando Leon, Lauren Maggio, Evans Whitaker, James Heilman, Jake Orlowitz, Valerie Swisher, Lane Rasberry, Kingsley Otoide, Fred Trotter, Will Ross, Jack D McCue
PROBLEM: Most medical students use Wikipedia as an information source, yet medical schools do not train students to improve Wikipedia or use it critically. APPROACH: Between November 2013 and November 2015, the authors offered fourth-year medical students a credit-bearing course to edit Wikipedia. The course was designed, delivered, and evaluated by faculty, medical librarians, and personnel from WikiProject Medicine, Wikipedia Education Foundation, and Translators Without Borders...
September 13, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Ronja Herold, Sarah Schiekirka, Jamie Brown, Alex Bobak, Andy McEwen, Tobias Raupach
INTRODUCTION: Physician adherence to guideline recommendations regarding the provision of counseling and support for smokers willing to quit is low. A lack of training during undergraduate medical education has been identified as a potential cause. This prospective intervention study evaluated a novel teaching module for medical students. METHODS: As part of a 6-week cardiovascular course, 125 fourth-year undergraduate medical students received a multimodal and interactive teaching module on smoking cessation, including online learning material, lectures, seminars, and practical skills training...
August 24, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Robert Robinson
INTRODUCTION: The educational technology of massive open online courses (MOOCs) has been successfully applied in a wide variety of disciplines and are an intense focus of educational research at this time. Educators are now looking to MOOC technology as a means to improve professional medical education, but very little is known about how medical MOOCs compare with traditional content delivery. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the course evaluations for the Medicine as a Business elective by fourth-year medical students at Southern Illinois University School of Medicine (SIU-SOM) for the 2012-2015 academic years was conducted...
2016: PeerJ
Peter L Harrison, Luciana M Shaddox, Cynthia W Garvan, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The high prevalence of distress among health professionals during their education has fostered increased interest in the study of student well-being. The aim of this study was to assess the self-perceived wellness of dental students and determine the relationship between factors affecting wellness and demographic variables. An online questionnaire was distributed to 334 first-through fourth-year dental students at one U.S. dental school. The questionnaire consisted of modified versions of the Perceived Wellness Survey, Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey, and Mental Health Inventory and also collected demographic information...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Maribeth B Chitkara, Daniel Satnick, Wei-Hsin Lu, Howard Fleit, Roderick A Go, Latha Chandran
BACKGROUND: Residency programs have utilized Individualized Learning Plans (ILPs) to customize resident education while undergraduate medical education has not done so in a meaningful way. We discuss the use of ILPs within a fourth year medical school course to facilitate self-directed learning (SDL). METHODS: At Stony Brook University School of Medicine, an ILP component was added to the Advanced Clinical Experience (ACE) course for fourth year students. Each completed an ILP outlining personal learning goals and strategies to achieve them...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Ingrid A Woelfel, Kazuaki Takabe
BACKGROUND: Intravenous (IV) catheter placement is one of the most basic and essential medical procedures. However, IV placement can be a source of anxiety for medical students as it is often their first procedural patient care. We sought to investigate the factors that impact the success rate of this skill and to determine at what rate students improve. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A confidential web-based survey was distributed to a total of 367 third and fourth year students at Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine...
August 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Nidaa Bajow, Ahmadreza Djalali, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Luca Ragazzoni, Hussein Ageely, Ibrahim Bani, Francesco Della Corte
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, many medical schools include training in disaster medicine in undergraduate studies. This study evaluated the efficacy of a disaster medicine curriculum recently designed for Saudi Arabian medical students. METHODS: Participants were 15 male and 14 female students in their fourth, fifth or sixth year at Jazan University Medical School, Saudi Arabia. The course was held at the Research Center in Emergency and Disaster Medicine and Computer Sciences Applied to the Medical Practice in Novara, Italy...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Fiona E Gispen, Donna Magid
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Correct selection of imaging tests is essential f or clinicians but until recently has been largely neglected in medical education. How and when students acquire such non-interpretive skills are unknown. This study will assess student knowledge of imaging test selection before and after a general radiology elective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2008 and 2015, an unannounced 13-item test was administered to second, third, and fourth-year students on the first and last days of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine radiology elective...
May 2016: Academic Radiology
C Spering, M Tezval, K Dresing, H Burchhardt, M Wachowski, F August, S Frosch, T A Walde, K M Stürmer, W Lehmann, S Sehmisch
BACKGROUND: Due to restrictions on admission to medical school, changing claims to an optimized work-life balance and occupational perspectives, surgical professions in particular are struggling with strategies to motivate young academics. Surgical disziplines aim towards a profound transfer of knowledge and pique student's interest by ensuring a sustainable education at university. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate a Students-On-Call System (SOCS) and to identify a financial benefit...
August 2, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Windsor W Sherrill, Rachel M Mayo, Khoa D Truong, Anne P Pribonic, Christine A Schalkoff
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to explore medical students' attitudes and beliefs toward Latino patients, specifically: to assess students' levels of knowledge, cultural competence, and comfort with Latinos; to determine students' exposure to and previous experience with Latinos; and to evaluate whether factors such as study abroad, living abroad, previous clinical experience with Latinos, and language proficiency predict Latino knowledge, cultural competence, and comfort with Latinos. METHODS: This study utilized a cross-sectional survey design...
2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Elissa S Finkler, Harold A Fogel, Ellen Kroin, Stephanie Kliethermes, Karen Wu, Lukas M Nystrom, Adam P Schiff
BACKGROUND: From 2002 to 2014, the orthopedic surgery residency applicant pool increased by 25% while the number of applications submitted per applicant rose by 69%, resulting in an increase of 109% in the number of applications received per program. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify applicant factors associated with an increased number of applications to orthopedic surgery residency programs. DESIGN: An anonymous survey was sent to all applicants applying to the orthopedic surgery residency program at Loyola University...
2016: Medical Education Online
Richard Holloway, Aaron Domack, Robert Treat, Koenraad De Roo
IMPORTANCE: The Medical Student Performance Evaluation (MSPE)--formerly called the dean's letter--is an important tool for residency program directors to use in assessing student qualifications for both invitation to interview and construction of their rank order list. Many institutions are now allowing students to construct their own Unique Characteristics (UC) section for the MSPE. This study addresses the results of allowing students to construct their own UC. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to allow students to voice their thoughts regarding their participation in the construction of the UC section of the MSPE...
June 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
Kiersten Pianosi, Cheri Bethune, Katrina F Hurley
BACKGROUND: Specialty career choice is a critical decision for medical students, and research has examined factors influencing particular specialties or assessed it from a demographic perspective. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe influential factors in students' decision-making, irrespective of their particular specialty in a Canadian medical school. METHODS: Study participants were recruited from fourth-year medical classes at the Memorial University of Newfoundland in 2003, 2006, 2007 and 2008...
April 2016: CMAJ Open
Charity H Evans, Lisa L Schlitzkus, Valerie Shostrom, Kimberly D Schenarts
OBJECTIVE: The residency match process is stressful and costly for fourth-year medical students with significant personal and professional implications. We hypothesize that students use impression management (IM) tactics such as conforming to the perceived expectations of program directors and interviewers and to improve their chances of matching. DESIGN: After institutional review board approval, a piloted survey tool was administered to fourth-year medical students at 17 schools...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Masanori Takashi, Yoshinobu Nakada, Katsuhiko Arai, Makoto Arai
OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture and moxibustion are categories of Japanese traditional medicine (Kampo). Precise teaching of Kampo is one of the important issues in medical education, and therefore acupuncture and moxibustion education has been applied to students in Tokai University School of Medicine. To investigate and compare the awareness the medical students have of acupuncture and moxibustion before and after the education, we conducted questionnaire surveys. METHODS: The questionnaires were distributed to 117 fourth-year students before and after the education...
2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Zoe Gottlieb, Samantha Epstein, Jeremy Richards
BACKGROUND: Near-peer teaching (NPT) is increasingly recognised as an effective method for teaching and learning within medical education. We describe a student-as-teacher programme developed for fourth-year students (MS4s) helping to deliver the second-year Respiratory Pathophysiology course at our medical school. METHODS: Twelve MS4s were paired with faculty members to co-teach one or two small group case-based sessions for second-year students (MS2s). Beforehand, MS4s attended an orientation session and workshop, reviewing skills and strategies for teaching effectively...
June 20, 2016: Clinical Teacher
Elizabeth Higgins, Linnie Newman, Katherine Halligan, Margaret Miller, Sally Schwab, Lynn Kosowicz
PURPOSE: The authors sought to determine the value of the audition elective to the overall success of medical students in the match. METHOD: The authors surveyed 1,335 fourth-year medical students at 10 medical schools in 2013. The study took place over a 2-month period immediately following the match. Medical students were emailed a 14-question survey and asked about audition electives, rank order, and cost of 'away' rotations. RESULTS: One hundred percent of students wishing to match in otolaryngology, neurosurgery, plastic surgery, radiation oncology, and urology took the audition electives...
2016: Medical Education Online
Casandra J Rosenberg, Katherine N Nanos, Karen L Newcomer
BACKGROUND: The musculoskeletal physical examination (MSK PE) is an essential part of medical student training, and it is best taught in a hands-on, longitudinal fashion. A barrier to this approach is faculty instructor availability. "Near-peer" teaching refers to physicians-in-training teaching their junior colleagues. It is unknown whether near-peer teaching is effective in teaching this important physical examination skill. OBJECTIVE: To investigate attitudes of medical students and physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residents regarding near-peer teaching in an MSK PE curriculum...
June 10, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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