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Fourth year medical school

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908638/using-the-acmge-milestones-as-a-handover-tool-from-medical-school-to-surgery-residency
#1
Lauren M Wancata, Helen Morgan, Gurjit Sandhu, Sally Santen, David T Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To map current medical school assessments for graduating students to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones in general surgery, and to pass forward individual performance metrics on level 1 milestones to receiving residency programs. DESIGN: The study included 20 senior medical students who were accepted into surgery internship positions. Data from medical school performance assessments from the third-year surgery clerkship, fourth-year surgery rotations, fourth-year surgery boot camp, Clinical Competency Assessment Examination, and United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and 2 examinations were used to map each student's competency assessments to the General Surgery Milestones based on a scoring system created and validated by independent assessors...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893582/basic-burns-management-e-learning-a-new-teaching-tool
#2
Francesco M Egro
Burns teaching is organized only in a few medical schools in the United Kingdom. An e-learning tutorial was developed with the objective of incorporating burns teaching within the medical school curriculum. A 33-webpage e-learning was created, covering topics such as local and general response to burns, assessment of burns, first aid, primary and secondary survey, and referral guidelines. Medical student satisfaction was then evaluated using a 12-question feedback survey rated based on a Likert scale from 1 (very poor) to 5 (very good)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849476/perspective-of-the-graduating-medical-student-the-ideal-curriculum-for-the-fourth-year-of-undergraduate-medical-education
#3
Mary A Andrews, Nathalie D Paolino, Kent J DeZee, Brian Hemann
OBJECTIVE: To explore medical students' perspective regarding the fourth year of medical school and common educational activities thereof. METHODS: The authors surveyed students graduating in 2012 with a military service obligation about the importance of common fourth-year activities, the proportion of the fourth year devoted to these activities, and important considerations for the fourth-year curriculum. The authors calculated mean importance scores for educational activities and mean proportions of the fourth year that should be devoted to certain activities...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842590/the-prevalence-and-cost-of-medical-student-visiting-rotations
#4
Matthew Winterton, Jaimo Ahn, Joseph Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Performance on visiting rotations during the senior year of medical school is consistently cited by residency program directors as a critical factor in selecting residents. Nevertheless, the frequency with which visiting rotations are undertaken and the associated financial costs they impose have not been systematically examined. METHOD: Under the auspices of the Electronic Residency Application Service, a survey was sent in March 2015 to all U.S. applicants for residency programs in the 2014-15 academic year...
November 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822133/ten-steps-to-plan-design-and-implement-an-endocrinology-and-endocrine-surgery-module-for-the-faculty-of-medicine-al-baha-university
#5
Walyeldin Em Elfakey, Ahmed H Al-Ghamdi
INTRODUCTION: The Faculty of Medicine, Al-Baha University (FMBU), is a newly established medical school that implements a community-oriented and integrated system-based curriculum which is suitable for both medical students and serving the needs of the local community. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the steps that were followed to plan, design, and implement an endocrinology and endocrine surgery module (EESM) for the fourth-year medical students, as an example of how system-based modules are designed at FMBU...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802178/impostor-syndrome-and-burnout-among-american-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#6
Jennifer A Villwock, Lindsay B Sobin, Lindsey A Koester, Tucker M Harris
Objectives: To describe levels of burnout and impostor syndrome (IS) in medical students, and to recognize demographic differences in those experiencing burnout and IS. Methods: Research participants included 2,612 medical students who entered Jefferson Medical College between 2002 and 2012. This sample was divided into two groups: Matriculants between 2002 and 2007 (n=1,380) and between 2008 and 2012 (n=1,232). Data for 2002-2007 matriculants were subjected to EFA (principal component factor extraction), and data for matriculants of 2008-2012 were used for CFA (structural equation modeling, and root mean square error for approximation)...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785347/sex-and-gender-in-medical-education-a-national-student-survey
#7
Marjorie R Jenkins, Alyssa Herrmann, Amanda Tashjian, Tina Ramineni, Rithika Ramakrishnan, Donna Raef, Tracy Rokas, John Shatzer
BACKGROUND: Gender- and sex-specific medicine is defined as the practice of medicine based on the understanding that biology (dictated by sex chromosomes) and social roles (gender) are important in and have implications for prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment in men and women. In light of the many ways that sex and gender influence disease presentation and patient management, there have been various initiatives to improve the integration of these topics into medical education curriculum...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721089/impact-of-prebriefing-on-competency-performance-clinical-judgment-and-experience-in-simulation-an-experimental-study
#8
Karin Page-Cutrara, Melanie Turk
BACKGROUND: Prebriefing is the introductory phase of the simulation process, however, little nursing education research is available on this aspect of simulation. Reflection theory and concept mapping informed a model-based structured prebriefing activity to prepare students for meaningful simulation learning. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the intervention of structured prebriefing for its effect on nursing students' competency performance, clinical judgment and their perceived prebriefing experience...
January 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633265/becoming-ward-smart-medical-students
#9
Beth Walker, Deirdre Wallace, Zaheer Mangera, Deborah Gill
BACKGROUND: A small number of medical students elect to work as health care assistants (HCAs) during or prior to their undergraduate training. There is a significant body of evidence in the literature regarding the impact of HCA experience on student nurses; however, little research has examined the effects of such experience on medical students. METHODS: All fourth-year medical students with self-declared experience as HCAs from a single UK medical school were invited to participate in focus groups to explore their experiences and perceptions...
September 15, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627633/why-medical-schools-should-embrace-wikipedia-final-year-medical-student-contributions-to-wikipedia-articles-for-academic-credit-at-one-school
#10
Amin Azzam, David Bresler, Armando Leon, Lauren Maggio, Evans Whitaker, James Heilman, Jake Orlowitz, Valerie Swisher, Lane Rasberry, Kingsley Otoide, Fred Trotter, Will Ross, Jack D McCue
PROBLEM: Most medical students use Wikipedia as an information source, yet medical schools do not train students to improve Wikipedia or use it critically. APPROACH: Between November 2013 and November 2015, the authors offered fourth-year medical students a credit-bearing course to edit Wikipedia. The course was designed, delivered, and evaluated by faculty, medical librarians, and personnel from WikiProject Medicine, Wikipedia Education Foundation, and Translators Without Borders...
September 13, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613926/structured-smoking-cessation-training-for-medical-students-a-prospective-study
#11
Ronja Herold, Sarah Schiekirka, Jamie Brown, Alex Bobak, Andy McEwen, Tobias Raupach
INTRODUCTION: Physician adherence to guideline recommendations regarding the provision of counseling and support for smokers willing to quit is low. A lack of training during undergraduate medical education has been identified as a potential cause. This prospective intervention study evaluated a novel teaching module for medical students. METHODS: As part of a 6-week cardiovascular course, 125 fourth-year undergraduate medical students received a multimodal and interactive teaching module on smoking cessation, including online learning material, lectures, seminars, and practical skills training...
December 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602301/delivering-a-medical-school-elective-with-massive-open-online-course-mooc-technology
#12
Robert Robinson
INTRODUCTION: The educational technology of massive open online courses (MOOCs) has been successfully applied in a wide variety of disciplines and are an intense focus of educational research at this time. Educators are now looking to MOOC technology as a means to improve professional medical education, but very little is known about how medical MOOCs compare with traditional content delivery. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the course evaluations for the Medicine as a Business elective by fourth-year medical students at Southern Illinois University School of Medicine (SIU-SOM) for the 2012-2015 academic years was conducted...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587579/wellness-among-dental-students-an-institutional-study
#13
Peter L Harrison, Luciana M Shaddox, Cynthia W Garvan, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The high prevalence of distress among health professionals during their education has fostered increased interest in the study of student well-being. The aim of this study was to assess the self-perceived wellness of dental students and determine the relationship between factors affecting wellness and demographic variables. An online questionnaire was distributed to 334 first-through fourth-year dental students at one U.S. dental school. The questionnaire consisted of modified versions of the Perceived Wellness Survey, Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey, and Mental Health Inventory and also collected demographic information...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585493/can-individualized-learning-plans-in-an-advanced-clinical-experience-course-for-fourth-year-medical-students-foster-self-directed-learning
#14
Maribeth B Chitkara, Daniel Satnick, Wei-Hsin Lu, Howard Fleit, Roderick A Go, Latha Chandran
BACKGROUND: Residency programs have utilized Individualized Learning Plans (ILPs) to customize resident education while undergraduate medical education has not done so in a meaningful way. We discuss the use of ILPs within a fourth year medical school course to facilitate self-directed learning (SDL). METHODS: At Stony Brook University School of Medicine, an ILP component was added to the Advanced Clinical Experience (ACE) course for fourth year students. Each completed an ILP outlining personal learning goals and strategies to achieve them...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565071/successful-intravenous-catheterization-by-medical-students
#15
Ingrid A Woelfel, Kazuaki Takabe
BACKGROUND: Intravenous (IV) catheter placement is one of the most basic and essential medical procedures. However, IV placement can be a source of anxiety for medical students as it is often their first procedural patient care. We sought to investigate the factors that impact the success rate of this skill and to determine at what rate students improve. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A confidential web-based survey was distributed to a total of 367 third and fourth year students at Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine...
August 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562428/evaluation-of-a-new-community-based-curriculum-in-disaster-medicine-for-undergraduates
#16
Nidaa Bajow, Ahmadreza Djalali, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Luca Ragazzoni, Hussein Ageely, Ibrahim Bani, Francesco Della Corte
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, many medical schools include training in disaster medicine in undergraduate studies. This study evaluated the efficacy of a disaster medicine curriculum recently designed for Saudi Arabian medical students. METHODS: Participants were 15 male and 14 female students in their fourth, fifth or sixth year at Jazan University Medical School, Saudi Arabia. The course was held at the Research Center in Emergency and Disaster Medicine and Computer Sciences Applied to the Medical Practice in Novara, Italy...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551703/assessing-medical-student-knowledge-of-imaging-modality-selection-before-and-after-a-general-radiology-elective-a-comparison-of-ms-iis-ms-iiis-and-ms-ivs
#17
Fiona E Gispen, Donna Magid
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Correct selection of imaging tests is essential f or clinicians but until recently has been largely neglected in medical education. How and when students acquire such non-interpretive skills are unknown. This study will assess student knowledge of imaging test selection before and after a general radiology elective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2008 and 2015, an unannounced 13-item test was administered to second, third, and fourth-year students on the first and last days of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine radiology elective...
May 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484828/-promoting-young-talents-in-trauma-surgery-through-students-on-call
#18
C Spering, M Tezval, K Dresing, H Burchhardt, M Wachowski, F August, S Frosch, T A Walde, K M Stürmer, W Lehmann, S Sehmisch
BACKGROUND: Due to restrictions on admission to medical school, changing claims to an optimized work-life balance and occupational perspectives, surgical professions in particular are struggling with strategies to motivate young academics. Surgical disziplines aim towards a profound transfer of knowledge and pique student's interest by ensuring a sustainable education at university. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate a Students-On-Call System (SOCS) and to identify a financial benefit...
December 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474895/assessing-medical-student-cultural-competence-what-really-matters
#19
Windsor W Sherrill, Rachel M Mayo, Khoa D Truong, Anne P Pribonic, Christine A Schalkoff
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to explore medical students' attitudes and beliefs toward Latino patients, specifically: to assess students' levels of knowledge, cultural competence, and comfort with Latinos; to determine students' exposure to and previous experience with Latinos; and to evaluate whether factors such as study abroad, living abroad, previous clinical experience with Latinos, and language proficiency predict Latino knowledge, cultural competence, and comfort with Latinos. METHODS: This study utilized a cross-sectional survey design...
2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448634/factors-influencing-the-number-of-applications-submitted-per-applicant-to-orthopedic-residency-programs
#20
Elissa S Finkler, Harold A Fogel, Ellen Kroin, Stephanie Kliethermes, Karen Wu, Lukas M Nystrom, Adam P Schiff
BACKGROUND: From 2002 to 2014, the orthopedic surgery residency applicant pool increased by 25% while the number of applications submitted per applicant rose by 69%, resulting in an increase of 109% in the number of applications received per program. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify applicant factors associated with an increased number of applications to orthopedic surgery residency programs. DESIGN: An anonymous survey was sent to all applicants applying to the orthopedic surgery residency program at Loyola University...
2016: Medical Education Online
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