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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346691/the-impact-of-near-peer-teaching-on-medical-students-transition-to-clerkships
#1
Alexander C Knobloch, Christy J W Ledford, Sean Wilkes, Adam K Saperstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transition to clerkships is one of the most challenging times during medical school. To help students better cope, many schools have established transition-to-clerkship curricula. Such curricula may optimally prepare students through increasing their self-efficacy and response efficacy. We hypothesized that a small-group, near-peer-led format would be ideally suited to help students achieve these outcomes. METHODS: During process improvement for a transition-to-clerkship curriculum, we conducted an informal focus group and subsequent survey of postclerkship students to guide curricular innovation, including incorporation of third- and fourth-year students as near-peer instructors in a seminar format...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346689/initial-development-and-validation-of-a-family-medicine-attitudes-questionnaire
#2
Julie Phillips, Jacob Prunuske, Laurie Fitzpatrick, Brian Mavis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although many curricular and policy interventions are designed to influence students' attitudes toward family medicine, assessment of these interventions is limited by lack of a comprehensive, validated measure of students' attitudes. We sought to develop and validate a questionnaire that effectively assesses medical student attitudes toward family medicine. METHODS: A 31-item questionnaire was assessed for internal, external, and content validity...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344528/psychometric-characteristics-of-clinical-reasoning-problems-crps-and-its-correlation-with-routine-multiple-choice-question-mcq-in-cardiology-department
#3
Zahra Derakhshandeh, Mitra Amini, Javad Kojuri, Marziyeh Dehbozorgian
Introduction: Clinical reasoning is one of the most important skills in the process of training a medical student to become an efficient physician. Assessment of the reasoning skills in a medical school program is important to direct students' learning. One of the tests for measuring the clinical reasoning ability is Clinical Reasoning Problems (CRPs). The major aim of this study is to measure psychometric qualities of CRPs and define correlation between this test and routine MCQ in cardiology department of Shiraz medical school...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332110/association-of-psychological-stress-with-skin-symptoms-among-medical-students
#4
Ghada A Bin Saif, Hala M Alotaibi, Abdullateef A Alzolibani, Noor A Almodihesh, Hamad F Albraidi, Najed M Alotaibi, Gil Yosipovitch
To evaluate the association between psychological stress and skin symptoms among medical students.  Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between January and June 2015. Electronic survey consists of Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ) and Self-Reported Skin Complaints Questionnaire were distributed to all 1435 undergraduate students at College of Medicine, King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Results: Final analysis was performed on data from 529 (36.9%) students. Students were divided into three groups: least stressed students, n=135, PSQ index less than 0...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278637/medical-education-changes-students-attitudes-on-psychiatry-survey-among-medical-students-in-croatia
#5
Ana Medic Flajsman, Dunja Degmecic, Tamara Pranjkovic, Stanislav Rogulja, Dina Bošnjak, Martina Rojnic Kuzman
In Croatia, psychiatric disorders are the leading group of disorders by days of hospitalization and they are in second place according to the number of hospitalizations in the period of working age. Nevertheless, psychiatry in Croatia, as well as in the world, is one of the least attractive specialties for medical students. In this paper we determined the impact of compulsory education in psychiatry on the attitudes of medical students of the fourth year of the Zagreb school of medicine and Osijek school of medicine...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248898/confidence-in-palliative-care-issues-by-medical-students-and-internal-medicine-residents
#6
Ana Carolina Montouro Storarri, Giovana Dalmedico de Castro, Lilian Castiglioni, Patricia Maluf Cury
BACKGROUND: Palliative care (PC) is a relatively new field in Brazil, but this knowledge is of great importance in medical practice. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree of confidence among medical students and first-year and second-year internal medicine residents in addressing issues of death and terminal illness with patients and their families. METHOD: A modified version of the Self-Efficacy in Palliative Care Scale was applied to 293 students in their first year to sixth year at the School of Medicine of São José do Rio Preto and to 43 residents in their first year or second year of medical practice at the same institution in Brazil, in 2015...
December 16, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236658/how-using-generative-learning-strategies-improved-medical-student-self-competency-in-end-of-life-care
#7
Sandra Marquez Hall, Janet Lieto, Roy Martin
During a mandatory fourth-year core geriatric medicine rotation at our medical school, we discovered that our medical students were struggling with end-of-life (EOL) issues both personally and professionally. We implemented curriculum changes to assist them in developing emotional awareness about death and dying, and to help develop their ability to respond personally and professionally to patients and their families during EOL experiences.In our new curriculum, a seasoned ethicist at our university conducts 2 educational sessions addressing EOL issues...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228947/estimating-prevalence-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-southern-cone-of-latin-america-how-different-spirometric-criteria-may-affect-disease-burden-and-health-policies
#8
Edgardo Sobrino, Vilma E Irazola, Laura Gutierrez, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Fernando Lanas, Matías Calandrelli, Jacqueline Ponzo, Nora Mores, Pamela Serón, Allison Lee, Jiang He, Adolfo L Rubinstein
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. The study aimed to determine and compare the prevalence of COPD in the general population aged 45-74 years old according to fixed ratio and lower limit of normal (LLN) thresholds in four cities in the Southern Cone of Latin America. METHODS: The Pulmonary Risk in South America (PRISA) study used a 4-stage stratified sampling method to select 5814 participants from 4 cities in the Southern Cone of Latin America (Bariloche and Marcos Paz, Argentina; Temuco, Chile; and Pando-Barros Blancos, Uruguay)...
December 11, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216181/case-report-a-rare-case-of-urinary-myiasis-induced-by-the-fourth-instar-larvae-of-telmatoscopus-albipunctatus
#9
Beibei Zhang, Lifu Wang, Jiahua Liu, Lian Xu, Langui Song, Xiaoying Wu, Xi Sun, Zhongdao Wu
Telmatoscopus albipunctatus, a cosmopolitan fly, is widely distributed throughout moist environments. It is one of the most medically important insects (especially in urban environments) that may potentially cause myiasis. Urinary myiasis and other sites of infestation, including the intestine, nasal passages, lung, and derma, have been reported. This is the first case report of a Chinese middlescent woman infected with T. albipunctatus in Guangzhou, China. In the present report, a 50-year-old woman came to The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China, because larvae were found when urinating in the morning; this had occurred every two days within the past two months...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205440/effect-of-reflection-on-medical-students-situational-interest-an-experimental-study
#10
Ligia M C Ribeiro, Silvia Mamede, Alexandre S Moura, Eliza M de Brito, Rosa M D de Faria, Henk G Schmidt
CONTEXT: Reflection has been considered crucial to learning. Engaging in reflection while solving problems is expected to foster identification of knowledge gaps and interest in learning more about them, the latter being a major motivational force in learning. Although theoretically sound, this assumption still lacks empirical evidence. This experiment investigated whether reflection while diagnosing clinical cases of different levels of difficulty influences medical students' awareness of knowledge gaps and situational interest...
December 4, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197310/defining-medical-student-patient-care-responsibilities-before-intern-year-results-of-a-national-survey
#11
Christopher J King, Andrew Bolton, Jeannette Guerrasio, Adam Trosterman
OBJECTIVES: Program directors have noted that first-year residents struggle with many of the patient care responsibilities they assume as they enter the US graduate medical education system. A national description of medical students' patient care experience in advance of graduation has not been published. We sought to describe the experience of US medical students during their clinical training by surveying the student representatives of each school. METHODS: We developed a mixed-methods survey that was delivered to representatives of 82 schools via an e-mail link to an online survey...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167035/promoting-empathy-among-medical-students-a-two-site-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Céline Buffel du Vaure, Cédric Lemogne, Lucie Bunge, Annie Catu-Pinault, Nicolas Hoertel, Christian Ghasarossian, Marie-Eve Vincens, Eric Galam, Philippe Jaury
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of Balint groups on empathy measured by the Consultation And Relational Empathy Measure (CARE) scale rated by standardized patients during objective structured clinical examination and self-rated Jefferson's School Empathy Scale - Medical Student (JSPE-MS©) among fourth-year medical students. METHODS: A two-site randomized controlled trial were planned, from October 2015 to December 2015 at Paris Diderot and Paris Descartes University, France...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159857/methylphenidate-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Nancy Sturman, Laura Deckx, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently present with inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, which are the cardinal symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The effectiveness of methylphenidate, a commonly used ADHD treatment, is therefore of interest in these children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of methylphenidate for symptoms of ADHD (inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity) and ASD (impairments in social interaction and communication, and repetitive, restricted or stereotypical behaviours) in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years with ASD...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123835/ambulance-dispatches-to-schools-during-a-5-year-period-in-fukui-prefecture
#14
Yoshikazu Takinami, Shinji Maeda
Aim: To determine the characteristics and trends of medical emergencies during school activities by analyzing information provided by fire departments. Methods: During a 5-year period from January 2009 to December 2013, all nine fire departments in Fukui Prefecture handled 850 emergencies at schools. We investigated the 850 cases with the age range of 0-63 years. Results: It was found that 21.5% of ambulance dispatches to schools were on weekends and there were more dispatches for non-faculty members of all age groups on weekends than on weekdays...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034811/mental-illness-stigma-among-medical-students-and-teachers
#15
Miroslava Janoušková, Aneta Weissová, Tomáš Formánek, Jiří Pasz, Lucie Bankovská Motlová
BACKGROUND: Medical school curriculum contributes to future doctors' attitude formation towards people with mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare stigmatizing attitudes between medical students and faculty, analyse stigmatizing attitudes among students from different years of study and identify factors predicting stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with the use of scales measuring attitudes and social distance was designed...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033024/a-predictive-model-for-a-reputation-based-general-surgery-residency-match-and-a-novel-online-calculator
#16
John T Killian, James D Leeper, Qiong Xu, Paul F Sauer, John R Porterfield
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify medical student characteristics that predict a successful categorical match into a general surgery residency and a match based upon Doximity program rankings. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study that analyzed academic and personal predictors of a successful general surgery residency match. SETTING: This study was set at the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, a public medical school...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992658/-the-pl%C3%A3-ner-model-for-the-school-entry-screening-is-a-role-model-for-the-future
#17
Josef Weigl
Background The Plöner Model is a stepwise-selective model, similar to the one practised in all of Bavaria since 2008. It was already developed in 2002/2003 for the school entry screening and has been in use since then. Such models are intermittently criticized since not each child is seen by a doctor. Methods The procedure and data of the Plöner Model are analyzed and put into a wider context within Germany and beyond. The current programs in place are therefore categorized into 3 groups and compared with regard to public heath ethics criteria...
October 9, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991845/a-purpose-driven-fourth-year-of-medical-school
#18
Mantosh Dewan, John Norcini
The fourth year of medical school has been repeatedly found to be ineffective, and concerns exist about its purpose and academic quality, as well as grade inflation. Since Flexner, the purpose of undergraduate medical training has moved from readiness for independent practice to readiness for postgraduate training. However, training directors report that medical graduates are inadequately prepared to enter residency. The authors propose a fourth year with two components: first, a yearlong, longitudinal ambulatory experience of at least three days each week on an interprofessional team with consistent faculty supervision and mentoring, increasing independence, and a focus on education; and second, rigorous clinical-scales-based assessment of meaningful outcomes...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975579/beyond-the-chief-complaint-our-patients-worries
#19
V M Chau, J T Engeln, S Axelrath, S J Khatter, R Kwon, M A Melton, M C Reinsvold, V M Staley, J To, K J Tanabe, R Wojcik
Fourth-year medical students at the University of Colorado School of Medicine distributed cards to patients in the emergency department asking, "What Worries You Most?" The patients' responses provided insight about their most pressing concerns, often unrelated to their "chief complaints."
October 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971831/selfless-giving-in-medicine-a-study-of-altruistic-attitudes-among-medical-students
#20
S Sanjai, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
INTRODUCTION: An important virtue in the medical profession is altruism, which makes a doctor serve without an excess of expectation of return. OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of altruism and factors influencing altruism among medical students at a medical college in Chennai. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 224 students from the first, third and fourth years. We prepared a questionnaire which contained questions from the previously validated Altruistic Personality Scale...
September 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
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