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Josef G Heckmann, Jörg Kraus, Christoph J G Lang
Due to the increasing age of the population, neurohospitalists are more frequently caring for old and very old people. Fundamental definitions and topics related to geriatric medicine are therefore of particular importance. In this review, common issues encountered in geriatric patients hospitalized on the neurology service are discussed. Focus is put on the geriatric assessment, multiprofessional diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, geriatric syndromes, pharmacotherapy of the aged, delirium, pain, and palliative management as they are relevant for the neurohospitalist...
April 2018: Neurohospitalist
E D Goldstein, R Cannistraro, P S Atwal, J F Meschia
Partial ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (pOTCD), an enzymatic defect within the urea cycle, is an increasingly recognized etiology for hyperammonemia of unclear source following a stressor within female adults. Here we present a case of newly diagnosed pOTCD following a systemic stressor and prolonged hospitalization course. From a neurological perspective, prompt recognition provided the patient with a swift and near complete recovery. We briefly review the pertinent literature pertaining to this genetically based condition including historical context and current therapeutic approaches...
April 2018: Neurohospitalist
James G Greene
Background and Purpose: The majority of academic medical centers are moving to a neurohospitalist model of care for hospital neurology coverage. Potential benefits over a more traditional academic model of patient care include greater expertise in acute neurologic disease, increased efficiency, and improved availability to patients, providers, and learners. Despite these perceived advantages, switching to a neurohospitalist model can come at substantial financial cost, so finding ways to maximize the positive impact of a limited number of neurohospitalists is very important to the future health of academic neurology departments...
April 2018: Neurohospitalist
Rene Daniel, Satya Villuri, Kevin Furlong
Hyperglycemia is associated with adverse outcomes in patients who are candidates for or underwent neurosurgical procedures. Specific concerns and settings that relate to these patients are preoperative glycemic control, intraoperative control, management in the neurological intensive care unit (NICU), and postoperative control. In each of these settings, physicians have to ensure appropriate glycemic control to prevent or minimize adverse events. The glycemic control is usually managed by a neurohospitalist in co-management with the neurosurgery team pre- and post-operatively, and by the neurocritical care team in the setting of NICU...
October 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Amar Dhand, Robert Bucelli, Arun Varadhachary, Michael Tsiaklides, Gabriela de Bruin, Gurpreet Dhaliwal
The Institute of Medicine report Improving Diagnosis in Health Care called for tools to monitor physicians' diagnostic process. We addressed this need by developing a tool for clinicians to record and analyze their diagnostic process. The tool was a secure web application in which clinicians used a structured grading system to assess the relative impact of clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging data for every new diagnosis. Four neurohospitalists used the tool for 6.5 months on a general neurology ward service at a single tertiary-level teaching hospital...
July 2017: Neurohospitalist
Marcus Ponce de Leon, Anna D Hohler
Hospital admissions are times of intense change. New medications are started, treatment regimens are modified, and care plans that will continue in the outpatient setting are initiated. After discharge, most patients receive care from different providers than those seen in the hospital. This situation will increase as inpatient-based practice patterns, such as neurohospitalist practices, become more prevalent. Communication failures during the transition from hospital to clinic increase the risk of adverse events...
June 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
E F M Wijdicks
Critical illness increases the probability of a neurologic complication. There are many reasons to consult a neurologist in a critically ill patient and most often it is altered alertness with no intuitive plausible explanation. Other common clinical neurologic problems facing the intensive care specialist and consulting neurologist in everyday decisions are coma following prolonged cardiovascular surgery, newly perceived motor asymmetry, seizures or other abnormal movements, and generalized muscle weakness...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Emily Johnson, Yousef Hannawi, Nirma Carballido Martinez, Eva K Ritzl
Cefepime has been associated with encephalopathy and with nonconvulsive seizure activity, primarily in patients with renal impairment. Here, we report a case of cefepime-associated encephalopathy in a patient with normal renal function with stimulus-induced rhythmic activity seen on electroencephalogram, which resolved on discontinuation of cefepime. We bring this to the attention of the neurohospitalist community, as cefepime is widely used in the hospital setting, and cefepime-related neurotoxicity may go overlooked, especially in patients with normal renal function...
October 2016: Neurohospitalist
Anna Coles, Bradley Haveman-Gould, Muhammad U Farooq, Kristopher J Selke, Philip B Gorelick
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been proposed as a mechanism for cardioembolic stroke, especially in younger patient populations. Complex PFOs, with tunnel lengths exceeding 8 mm, lead to a higher risk of neurological sequelae than simple PFOs and may also be harder to detect with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). In this article, we present a 29-year-old woman who, after polypharmacy overdose, developed deep venous thrombosis and multiple pulmonary emboli (PE) and subsequent cardioembolic stroke. Initial TTE showed intact interatrial septum with late appearance of agitated saline in the left atrium after the seventh cardiac cycle...
July 2016: Neurohospitalist
Maulik Shah, Vanja Douglas, Brian Scott, S Andrew Josephson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Medicine hospitalist programs have effectively incorporated hospitalist-run discharge clinics into clinical practice to help bridge the vulnerable transition periods after hospital discharge. A neurohospitalist discharge clinic would similarly allow continuity with the inpatient provider while addressing challenges in the coordination of neurologic care. We anticipated that this would afford a greater total number of patients to be seen and at a shorter interval...
April 2016: Neurohospitalist
Robert L Dickson, Dineth Sumathipala, Jennifer Reeves
BACKGROUND: The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of the Pulsara Stop Stroke© medical application on door-to-needle (DTN) time in patients presenting to our emergency department with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The secondary objective was to evaluate the DTN performance of dedicated neurohospitalists versus private practice neurologists covering emergency department stroke call. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of the Good Shepherd Health System stroke quality improvement dashboard for an 18-month period...
May 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
David J Likosky, Juan M Aragon
The rapid ascension of the neurohospitalist model has been a response to national pressures implemented around local practicalities. As such, there is no uniform or ideal neurohospitalist model; there remains tremendous variation nationally. Over time, several dominant models have emerged, each of which raises distinct issues, both clinical and financial. As the field continues to grow, neurohospitalists in both hospital-owned and private practices are developing models that are reshaping the practice of inpatient neurology...
December 2015: Seminars in Neurology
Kristen A Hudson, James G Greene
As the population ages, the prevalence of many neurologic diseases is increasing. At the same time, older patients are undergoing more surgical procedures. This confluence of events puts neurohospitalists in a unique position to provide both pre- and postoperative guidance to minimize complications, improve clinical outcomes, and decrease health care costs in patients with neurologic comorbidities. Early preoperative consultation is recommended for patients with severe, poorly controlled, or decompensated neurologic disease, a recent stroke, or those undergoing procedures with a high risk of neurologic complications...
December 2015: Seminars in Neurology
Peter D Donofrio, Gregory L Barkley, Bruce H Cohen, David A Evans, Gregory J Esper, Bryan Soronson, Jeffrey R Buchhalter, Amanda Becker
Part 1 of this series focused on factors influencing payment for patient care services and Part 2 described compensation plans for neurologists in private practice and in academic medicine. In Part 3, we review how hospital salary support and appointments to Veterans Administration hospitals contribute to the salary structure of neurologists. We also discuss neurohospitalist care and ways neurologists can potentially increase compensation from on-call pay, telemedicine, and the use of new transitional care and complex chronic care codes...
October 2015: Neurology. Clinical Practice
João Lemos, Eric Eggenberger
Neuro-ophthalmological emergencies constitute vision or life-threatening conditions if diagnosis and treatment are not promptly undertaken. Even with immediate therapy, these clinical entities carry a high rate of morbidity. They may present with diplopia, visual loss, and/or anisocoria. Arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy is an ominous condition, which can cause permanent and severe vision loss, stroke, or aortic dissection, requiring immediate steroid therapy. Pituitary apoplexy may go unnoticed if only computed axial tomography is performed...
October 2015: Neurohospitalist
Stacie L Demel, Joseph P Broderick
Basilar artery occlusions (BAOs) are a subset of posterior circulation strokes. Particular issues relevant to BAOs include variable and stuttering symptoms at onset resulting in delays in diagnosis, high morbidity and mortality, and uncertain best management. Despite better imaging techniques, diagnosis, and therefore treatment, is often delayed. We will present the most common signs and symptoms of posterior circulation strokes. Data on optimal treatment strategies are gathered from multiple case series, registries, and one randomized trial, which was stopped early...
July 2015: Neurohospitalist
Cumara B O'Carroll, Mark N Rubin, Brian W Chong
Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator continues to be first-line therapy for patients with acute ischemic stroke presenting within the appropriate time window, but one potential limitation is the low rate of recanalization in the setting of large artery occlusions. Intra-arterial (IA) treatment is effective for emergency revascularization of proximal intracranial arterial occlusions, but proof of benefit has been lacking until recently. Our goal is to outline the history of endovascular therapy and review both IA thrombolysis and mechanical interventions...
July 2015: Neurohospitalist
Joshua P Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Annals of Neurology
Edward S Claflin, Chandramouli Krishnan, Sandeep P Khot
Although numerous treatments are available to improve cerebral perfusion after acute stroke and prevent recurrent stroke, few rehabilitation treatments have been conclusively shown to improve neurologic recovery. The majority of stroke survivors with motor impairment do not recover to their functional baseline, and there remains a need for novel neurorehabilitation treatments to minimize long-term disability, maximize quality of life, and optimize psychosocial outcomes. In recent years, several novel therapies have emerged to restore motor function after stroke, and additional investigational treatments have also shown promise...
April 2015: Neurohospitalist
Stephanie Rennke, Sumant R Ranji
Hospitals are challenged with reevaluating their hospital's transitional care practices, to reduce 30-day readmission rates, prevent adverse events, and ensure a safe transition of patients from hospital to home. Despite the increasing attention to transitional care, there are few published studies that have shown significant reductions in readmission rates, particularly for patients with stroke and other neurologic diagnoses. Successful hospital-initiated transitional care programs include a "bridging" strategy with both predischarge and postdischarge interventions and dedicated transitions provider involved at multiple points in time...
January 2015: Neurohospitalist
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