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dementia afip

Alice B Smith, James G Smirniotopoulos, Elisabeth J Rushing
Diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) result directly from HIV itself or from a variety of opportunistic agents. These infections include progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, toxoplasmosis, and cryptococcosis. A resurgence of tuberculosis and neurosyphilis has also been documented. Mass lesions, meningoencephalitis, demyelination, atrophy, and vascular lesions are the commonly encountered imaging findings. The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has improved both the clinical and radiologic findings in HIV-infected patients and reduced the number of opportunistic infections...
November 2008: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
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