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PI3k lung

J R Baker, C Vuppusetty, T Colley, Andriana I Papaioannou, P Fenwick, Louise Donnelly, K Ito, P J Barnes
Sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) and SIRT6, NAD(+)-dependent Class III protein deacetylases, are putative anti-aging enzymes, down-regulated in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is characterized by the accelerated ageing of the lung and associated with increased oxidative stress. Here, we show that oxidative stress (hydrogen peroxide) selectively elevates microRNA-34a (miR-34a) but not the related miR-34b/c, with concomitant reduction of SIRT1/-6 in bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS2B), which was also observed in peripheral lung samples from patients with COPD...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ming Yang, Haiyong Wang, Mo Zhou, Weilin Liu, Pengqun Kuang, Hao Liang, Qipeng Yuan
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. Isothiocyanates from cruciferous vegetables been shown to possess anticarcinogenic activities in lung malignances. We previously found sulforaphene (4-methylsufinyl-3-butenyl isothiocyanate, SFE), one new kind of isothiocyanates, existing in a relative high abundance in radish seeds. An efficient methodology based on macroporous resin and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography was developed to isolate SFE in reasonably large quantities, high purity and low cost...
September 28, 2016: Oncotarget
Susan Heavey, Sinead Cuffe, Stephen Finn, Vincent Young, Ronan Ryan, Siobhan Nicholson, Niamh Leonard, Niall McVeigh, Martin Barr, Kenneth O'Byrne, Kathy Gately
Clinical PI3K inhibition has been somewhat disappointing, due to both inadequate patient stratification and compensatory cell signalling through bypass mechanisms. As such, investigation of PI3K-MEK co-targeted inhibition has been recommended. With high mortality rates and a clear need for new therapeutic intervention strategies, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is an important setting to investigate the effectiveness of this approach.Here, 174 NSCLC tumours were screened for 150 mutations by Fluidigm technology, with 15 patients being profiled for phosphoprotein expression...
October 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Xin-Shuang Yu, Juan Du, Yu-Jun Fan, Feng-Jun Liu, Li-Li Cao, Ning Liang, De-Guo Xu, Jian-Dong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effects of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) on autophagy, apoptosis and chemoresistance of human small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells via the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. RESULTS: The expressions of ERS-related proteins (PEAK, eIF2α and CHOP) up-regulated, autophagy-related proteins (LC3, LC3-II and Beclin1) and apoptosis-related proteins (Bax and procaspase-3) down-regulated in NCI-H446 and H69 cells after tunicamycin treatment for 24 h...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Masato Chiba, Yosuke Togashi, Shuta Tomida, Hiroshi Mizuuchi, Yu Nakamura, Eri Banno, Hidetoshi Hayashi, Masato Terashima, Marco A De Velasco, Kazuko Sakai, Yoshihiko Fujita, Tetsuya Mitsudomi, Kazuto Nishio
Several receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) including EGFR, ALK, and MET have been identified as therapeutic targets in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Among the downstream pathways of RTKs, the MAPK pathway is particularly important for cancer cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. In this study, the effects of MEK inhibitors (trametinib and PD0325901) in several NSCLC cell lines with driver gene alterations, especially RTK genes, were tested in vitro using an MTT assay, and a wide range of sensitivities was found...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Hongqing Zhuang, Jing Bai, Joe Y Chang, Zhiyong Yuan, Ping Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mTOR inhibition on drug resistance in lung adenocarcinoma after combined radiation and erlotinib therapy. RESULTS: Combined radiation and erlotinib therapy produced clear radiosensitization effects both in vitro and in vivo; however, tumor cells remained drug resistant. Additionally, combined radiation and erlotinib therapy significantly increased p-AKT and p-P70 levels. After mTOR inhibition, the number of surviving cells significantly decreased compared with that before inhibition, and the in vivo growth curve was significantly reduced...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Yu Wang, Hui Leng, Hui Chen, Lei Wang, Nan Jiang, Xin Huo, Bin Yu
Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2T (UBE2T), a member of the E2 family, was found to be overexpressed in a great many cancers such as bladder cancer, lung cancer, and prostate cancer. However, there have been no reports on the role of UBE2T in osteosarcoma. In this study, we tried to make the effects of UBE2T on osteosarcoma clear. The study results showed that UBE2T was overexpressed in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines. Moreover, UBE2T knockdown inhibited osteosarcoma cell proliferation, migration, and invasion...
2016: Oncology Research
Yaqiong Tian, Zengli Zhang, Liyun Miao, Zhimin Yang, Jie Yang, Yinhua Wang, Danwen Qian, Hourong Cai, Yongsheng Wang
Recently, epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) have revolutionized non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment. However, resistance remains a major obstacle. Anexelekto (AXL) is a member of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and shares the same downstream signaling pathways with EGFR, such as PI3K/AKT and MAPK/ERK. AXL overexpression in resistant tumors has been implicated in many previous studies in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we further examined whether expression of AXL and its downstream targets increased in gefitinib-resistant PC9 cells (PC9GR)...
2016: Oncology Research
Jingjin Jiang, Xiaoning Feng, Wenjing Zhou, Yue Wu, Yunmei Yang
Gefitinib is a first line anti-tumor drug used for the treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring EGFR mutations. However, the drug resistance to gefitinib limits its clinical application. Here, we observed the CSCs of PC9 are obviously resistant to gefitinib compared with the non-CSCs. Furthermore, we found the gefitinib failed to suppress the PI3K/AKT pathway in the PC9-CSCs. Mechanically, we showed significant down-regulation of miR-128 in the PC9-CSCs compared with the non-CSCs...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Shumei Kato, Vivek Subbiah, Erica Marchlik, Sheryl K Elkin, Jennifer L Carter, Razelle Kurzrock
PURPOSE: Aberrations in genetic sequences encoding the tyrosine kinase receptor RET lead to oncogenic signaling that is targetable with anti-RET multi-kinase inhibitors. Understanding the comprehensive genomic landscape of RET aberrations across multiple cancers may facilitate clinical trial development targeting RET. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We interrogated the molecular portfolio of 4,871 patients with diverse malignancies for the presence of RET aberrations using Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certified targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) of 182 or 236 gene panels...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Nagendra Kumar Kaushik, Neha Kaushik, Ki Chun Yoo, Nizam Uddin, Ju Sung Kim, Su Jae Lee, Eun Ha Choi
Highly resistant tumor cells are hard to treat at low doses of plasma. Therefore, researchers have gained more attention to development of enhancers for plasma therapy. Some enhancers could improve the efficacy of plasma towards selectivity of cancer cells damage. In this dataset, we report the application of low doses of PEG-coated gold nanoparticles with addition of plasma treatment. This data consists of the effect of PEG-coated GNP and cold plasma on two solid tumor cell lines T98G glioblastoma and A549 lung adenocarcinoma...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Wei Lei, Yuan He, Xiaorong Shui, Guoming Li, Guosen Yan, Yu Zhang, Shian Huang, Can Chen, Yuanlin Ding
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by endothelial dysfunction and structural remodeling of the pulmonary vasculature, mediated initially by reduced oxygen availability in the lungs. Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF), consisting of the functional subunit, HIF‑1α, and the constitutively expressed HIF‑1β, is involved in the pathological processes associated with hypoxia. In the current study, the sequences of cDNAs and amino acids of HIF were characterized and analyzed using online bioinformatics tools...
September 20, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jen-Chung Ko, Hao-Yu Zheng, Wen-Ching Chen, Yi-Shuan Peng, Chia-Hung Wu, Chia-Li Wei, Jyh-Cheng Chen, Yun-Wei Lin
Salinomycin, a polyether antibiotic, acts as a highly selective potassium ionophore and has anticancer activity on various cancer cell lines. Cisplatin has been proved as chemotherapy drug for advanced human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Thymidylate synthase (TS) is a key enzyme in the pyrimidine salvage pathway, and increased expression of TS is thought to be associated with resistance to cisplatin. In this study, we showed that salinomycin (0.5-2μg/mL) treatment down-regulating of TS expression in an AKT inactivation manner in two NSCLC cell lines, human lung adenocarcinoma A549 and squamous cell carcinoma H1703 cells...
September 22, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
Li Li, Dr Tonghua Mei, Yun Zeng
Recent studies indicated that histone deacetylases (HDACs) can modulate the tumorigenesis and development of cancer cells. We evaluated the expression of class I HDACs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and found that HDAC2 was significantly increased in NSCLC cells as compared with the normal bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B. Silencing of HDAC2 by its specific siRNAs can significantly inhibit the in vitro migration and invasion of A549 and H1395 cells. While over expression of HDAC2 by transfection of pcDNA/HDAC2 plasmid can trigger the motility of NSCLC cells...
September 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Cheng Xu, Lu Cao, Jianhua Liu, Zhongrun Qian, Yu Peng, Wenjing Zhu, Yongming Qiu, Yingying Lin
Elevated circulating asparaginyl endopeptidase (AEP), a novel lysosomal protease, has been found in breast cancer, and AEP is thus considered to be a prognostic factor in this disease. However, the pathological functions of circulating AEP in the development of breast cancer and the potential of AEP-targeted therapy remain unclear. We used MMTV-PyVmT transgenic mice, which spontaneously develop mammary tumors. Western blotting showed overexpression of AEP in both primary tumor tissue and lung metastases compared to their normal counterparts...
September 22, 2016: Oncology Research
Sai-Qi Wang, Cong Wang, Li-Ming Chang, Kai-Rui Zhou, Jun-Wei Wang, Yu Ke, Dong-Xiao Yang, Hong-Ge Shi, Ran Wang, Xiao-Li Shi, Li-Ying Ma, Hong-Min Liu
Paclitaxel, a taxane, is a cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agent that targets microtubules. It has become a front-line therapy for a broad range of malignancies, including lung, breast, gastric, esophageal, and bladder carcinomas. Although paclitaxel can inhibit tumor development and improve survival, poor solubility, myelotoxicity, allergic reactions, and drug resistance have restricted its clinical application. Paclitaxel is frequently combined with other chemotherapeutics to enhance the antitumor effects and reduce side effects...
September 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Stephen Lam, Sumithra J Mandrekar, Yaron Gesthalter, Katie L Allen Ziegler, Drew K Seisler, David E Midthun, Jenny T Mao, Marie Christine Aubry, Annette McWilliams, Don D Sin, Tawimas Shaipanich, Gang Liu, Evan Johnson, Andrea H Bild, Marc E Lenburg, Diana N Ionescu, John Mayo, Eunhee S Yi, Henry Tazelaar, William S Harmsen, Judith J Smith, Avrum E Spira, Jennifer Beane, Paul J Limburg, Eva Szabo
Previous preclinical studies and a phase I clinical trial suggested myo-inositol may be a safe and effective lung cancer chemopreventive agent. We conducted a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled, phase IIb study to determine the chemopreventive effects of myo-inositol in smokers with bronchial dysplasia. Smokers with >/= 1 site of dysplasia identified by autofluorescence bronchoscopy-directed biopsy were randomly assigned to receive oral placebo or myo-inositol, 9 g once/day for two weeks, and then twice/day for 6 months...
September 22, 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
Na Han, Qiao-Yuan Cheng, Bo Chen, Ju-Fen Cai, Xiao-Jia Wang, Cai-Jin Lou, Jing Qin, Wei-Wu Ye, Lei Lei, Hong-Yang Lu
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in chemotherapy and radiotherapy in recent decades, the prognosis for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients is still poor. Targeted therapies in SCLC must be applied systemically to target not only the primary tumor but also metastases. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathways play a key regulatory function in the survival, proliferation, energy metabolism and cellular architecture advantages of malignant cells. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic α (PIK3CA) gene, which encodes the p110α catalytic subunit, plays a key role in the activation of AKT downstream signaling and mammary tumor progression...
May 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Dong Hoon Shin, Donghoon Lee, Dong Wan Hong, Seung Hyun Hong, Jung-Ah Hwang, Byung Il Lee, Hye Jin You, Geon Kook Lee, In-Hoo Kim, Yeon-Su Lee, Ji-Youn Han
The neuregulin 1 (NRG1) fusion is a recently identified novel driver oncogene in invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma of the lung (IMA). After identification of a case of SLC3A2-NRG1 in a patient with IMA, we verified this fusion gene in a cohort of 59 patients with IMA. Targeted cancer panel sequencing and RT-PCR identified the possible coexistence of other driver oncogenes. Among 59 IMAs, we found 16 NRG1 fusions (13 SLC3A2-NRG1 and 3 CD74-NRG1). Of 16 patients with NRG1 fusions, concurrent KRAS codon 12 mutations were found in 10 cases...
September 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Anita R Iskandar, Benchun Miao, Xinli Li, Kang-Quan Hu, Chun Liu, Xiang-Dong Wang
Despite the consistent association between a higher intake of the provitamin A carotenoid β-cryptoxanthin (BCX) and a lower risk of lung cancer among smokers, potential mechanisms supporting BCX as a chemopreventive agent are needed. We first examined the effects of BCX on 4-[methyl nitrosamino]-1-[3-pyridyl]-1-butanone (NNK)-induced lung tumorigenesis in A/J mice. BCX supplementation was given daily to the mice starting two-weeks prior to the injection of NNK and continued 16 weeks post NNK injection. BCX supplementation resulted in a dose-dependent increase of BCX concentration in both serum and lungs of the mice without a significant alteration of vitamin A (retinol and retinyl palmitate) concentration...
September 13, 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
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