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Fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue

Sarah Penfold, Emily St Denis, Mir Nadeem Mazhar
BACKGROUND: Overlap of aetiological factors and demographic characteristics with clinical observations of comorbidity has been documented in fibromyalgia syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and borderline personality disorder (BPD). AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of BPD with fibromyalgia syndrome and CFS. The authors reviewed literature on the prevalence of BPD in patients with fibromyalgia or CFS and vice versa. METHODS: A search of five databases yielded six eligible studies...
July 2016: BJPsych Open
Jennie Walker
Patients with fibromyalgia experience chronic widespread pain, with associated symptoms of fatigue, sleep disturbance and memory problems. There are many therapies which may be helpful in managing the symptoms of fibromyalgia; however, these often require a process of trial and error to establish optimum management using a combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. Nurses can support patients with fibromyalgia using a biopsychosocial approach to symptom management. Understanding the nature of fibromyalgia and management options will enable nurses to deliver holistic patient-centred care...
September 28, 2016: Nursing Standard
Jacques Vaillant, Perrine Revillet, Anne-Marie Sevenier, Robert Juvin
OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia fatigue was described as an overwhelming feeling of tiredness that is not relieved by sleep or rest and is often not in proportion to the effort realized. In fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), the fatigue has an important functional impact, often limiting the activities of daily living, can induce a state of deconditioning, and causing disturbance of locomotion, whose reasons are not fully understood. The aims of this study was to evaluate the postural performance in quite standing of FMS patients, and to compare them to a control group, and to assess the influence on the posture of a fatigue induced by a short walk...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Jacob N Ablin, Ada H Zohar, Reut Zaraya-Blum, Dan Buskila
OBJECTIVE: The current study is an innovative exploratory investigation, aiming at identifying differences in personality profiles within Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) patients. METHOD: In total, 344 participants (309 female, 35 male) reported suffering from FMS and/or CFS and consented to participate in the study. Participants were recruited at an Israeli FM/CFS patient meeting held in May 2013, and through an announcement posted on several social networks...
2016: PeerJ
Lise Solberg Nes, Shawna L Ehlers, Mary O Whipple, Ann Vincent
OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic multisymptom illnesses such as fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) are experiencing a multitude of physical and mental challenges. Facing such challenges may drain capacity to self-regulate, and research suggests patients with these illnesses may experience self-regulatory fatigue (SRF). This study sought to examine whether SRF can be associated with quality of life (QoL) in patients with FMS. METHODS: Patients (N = 258) diagnosed with FMS completed self-report measures related to demographics, SRF (Self-Regulatory Fatigue 18 [SRF-18]), anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire [GAD-7]), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire [PHQ-9]), physical fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory [MFI]), symptoms related to FMS (Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire [FIQ]), and QoL (36-Item Short-Form Health Survey [SF-36])...
September 2, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Johan Paulin, Linus Andersson, Steven Nordin
There is a need for better understanding of various characteristics in hyperacusis in the general population. The objectives of the present study were to investigate individuals in the general population with hyperacusis regarding demographics, lifestyle, perceived general health and hearing ability, hyperacusis-specific characteristics and behavior, and comorbidity. Using data from a large-scale population-based questionnaire study, we investigated individuals with physician-diagnosed (n = 66) and self-reported (n = 313) hyperacusis in comparison to individuals without hyperacusis (n = 2995)...
July 2016: Noise & Health
Susanna Maddali Bongi, Gianluca Paoletti, Michael Calà, Angela Del Rosso, Khadija El Aoufy, Svetlana Mikhaylova
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is characterized by musculoskeletal pain, muscle tenderness leading to disability, impaired quality of life (QoL), fatigue and it is accompanied by sleep disorders and psychological distress. Mind body therapies (MBT), such as Tai Ji Quan (TJQ), use different techniques to facilitate the ability of the mind to influence disease characteristics and symptoms. Some studies showed that TJQ, in patients with rheumatic diseases, particularly FMS, improved QoL, disability and psychological distress...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Gisela Chelimsky, Katja Kovacic, Pippa Simpson, Melodee Nugent, Donald Basel, Julie Banda, Thomas Chelimsky
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with benign joint hypermobility (BJH) syndrome and chronic functional pain disorders have more autonomic dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review study of pediatric patients seen in the pediatric neurogastroenterology and autonomic clinic who underwent autonomic testing and had either a Beighton score of ≥6 and met Brighton criteria for BJH (with BJH) or a score of ≤2 (no BJH). RESULTS: Twenty-one female subjects (10 without BJH) met inclusion criteria; 64% of BJH had diagnosis confirmed by genetics consultation...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Omid Rasouli, Ann-Katrin Stensdotter, Audrey L H Van der Meer
BACKGROUND: Impaired postural control has been reported in static conditions in chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia, but postural control in dynamic tasks have not yet been investigated. Thus, we investigated measurements from a force plate to evaluate dynamic balance control during gait initiation in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia compared to matched healthy controls. METHODS: Thirty female participants (10 per group) performed five trials of gait initiation...
August 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Jaqueline Basilio Lupi, Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu, Mariana Candido Ferreira, Renê Donizeti Ribeiro de Oliveira, Thais Cristina Chaves
PURPOSE: This study aimed to culturally adapt and validate the Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR) to Brazilian Portuguese, by the use of analysis of internal consistency, reliability, and construct and structural validity. METHOD: A total of 100 female patients with fibromyalgia participated in the validation process of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the FIQR (FIQR-Br).The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used for statistical analysis of reliability (test-retest), Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency, Pearson's rank correlation for construct validity, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for structural validity...
July 21, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Daniel Benor, John Rossiter-Thornton, Loren Toussaint
In this pilot study, a convenience sample of 24 chronic pain patients (17 with chronic fatigue syndrome/fibromyalgia) were randomized into WHEE treatment and wait-list control groups for 6 weeks. Assessments of depression, anxiety, and pain were completed before, during, and at 1 and 3 months after treatment. Wait-listed patients then received an identical course of WHEE and assessments. WHEE decreased anxiety (P < .5) and depression (P < .05) compared with the control group. The wait-list-turned-WHEE assessments demonstrated decreased pain severity (P < ...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Victoria Menzies, Leroy R Thacker, Sallie D Mayer, Anna M Young, Shelby Evans, Linda Barstow
The major therapeutic approach for treating fibromyalgia (FM), a chronic widespread pain syndrome, is pharmacotherapy-centered symptom management. Complexity of treatment often leads to multiple medication prescriptions. While there is no current alternative to the probable need for polypharmacy in this patient population, there remains concern related to potential side effects and adverse drug events. In this secondary analysis of data on medications taken collected from two parent studies, all medications were broken down into the following categories: opioid, nonopioid, antidepressant, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant, and benzodiazepine...
July 18, 2016: Biological Research for Nursing
Brian Walitt, Petra Klose, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles, Tudor Phillips, Winfried Häuser
BACKGROUND: This review is one of a series on drugs used to treat fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is a clinically well-defined chronic condition of unknown aetiology characterised by chronic widespread pain that often co-exists with sleep problems and fatigue affecting approximately 2% of the general population. People often report high disability levels and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Drug therapy focuses on reducing key symptoms and disability, and improving HRQoL. Cannabis has been used for millennia to reduce pain and other somatic and psychological symptoms...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hilde Eide, Lena Leren, Øystein Sørebø
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the validity and reliability of the translated Norwegian version of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ-20) and the shorter version CPAQ-8 based on the same data. METHOD: The sample consisted of 120 women with chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain (CWP). The respondents completed CPAQ-20 and visual analogue scales (pain, fatigue, sleep problems and depression), General Health Questionnaire-12, The Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire and SF-8...
July 3, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Jessica Fourquet, Ninet Sinaii, Pamela Stratton, Fareed Khayel, Carolina Alvarez-Garriga, Manuel Bayona, Mary Lou Ballweg, Idhaliz Flores
PURPOSE: To describe lifetime differences in clinical characteristics of women with endometriosis between the USA and Puerto Rico. METHODS: A descriptive study using self-administered demographic and clinical questionnaires was undertaken. Women with self-reported surgically diagnosed endometriosis who completed questionnaires from the Endometriosis Association (EA), Wisconsin, USA (n = 4358) and the Endometriosis Research Program (ERP) in Puerto Rico (n = 878), were included in this study...
October 2015: Journal of Endometriosis and Pelvic Pain Disorders
Tobias Mueller, Andreas Jerrentrup, Max Jakob Bauer, Hans Walter Fritsch, Juergen Rolf Schaefer
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the characteristics of patients seeking help from dedicated centers for undiagnosed and rare diseases. However, information about their demographics, symptoms, prior diagnoses and medical specialty is crucial to optimize these centers' processes and infrastructure. METHODS: Using a questionnaire, structured information from 522 adult patients contacting a center for undiagnosed and rare diseases was obtained. The information included basic sociodemographic data (age, gender, insurance status), previous hospital admissions, primary symptoms of complaint and previously determined diagnosis...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Deborah Antcliff, Malcolm Campbell, Steve Woby, Philip Keeley
BACKGROUND: Activity pacing has been associated with both improved and worsened symptoms, and its role in reducing disability among patients with long-term conditions has been questioned. However, existing studies have measured pacing according to uni-dimensional subscales, and therefore the empirical evidence for pacing as a multifaceted construct remains unclear. We have developed a 26-item Activity Pacing Questionnaire (APQ-26) for chronic pain/fatigue containing five themes of pacing: activity adjustment, activity consistency, activity progression, activity planning and activity acceptance...
June 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
Ernest H Choy
Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic widespread pain, fatigue and nonrestorative sleep. Polysomnography showed reduced short-wave sleep and abnormal alpha rhythms during nonrapid eye movement sleep in patients with fibromyalgia. However, sleep dysfunction might be pathogenic in fibromyalgia since myalgia and fatigue could be induced in healthy individuals by disrupting sleep. Poor sleep quality was a major risk factor for the subsequent development of chronic widespread pain in healthy pain-free individuals...
May 2016: Pain Management
Jacob N Ablin, Winfried Häuser
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread pain and tenderness, accompanied by disturbed sleep, chronic fatigue and multiple additional functional symptoms. FMS continues to pose an unmet need regarding pharmacological treatment and many patients fail to achieve sufficient relief from existing treatments. As FMS is considered to be a condition in which pain amplification occurs within the CNS, therapeutic interventions, both pharmacological and otherwise, have revolved around attempts to influence pain processing in the CNS...
May 2016: Pain Management
Roshan Sutar, Suresh Yadav, Geetha Desai
The definition of functional pain syndromes is varied across literature. No effort has been made to see all functional pain disorder groups under broad nomenclature which would exclude conditions for which pathophysiology is strongly known. Since these disorders are commonly treated with alternative treatment modalities and impose significant burden on health utilization, an effort to look into studies on yoga-based interventions on 'functional pain syndromes' (FPS) was made. This study defined FPS as 'Chronic relapsing remitting pain conditions, the origin of which is difficult to trace with no definite physical pathology on clinical suspicion or available laboratory measures and are valid based on subjective pain reporting, associated distress and socio-occupational dysfunction'...
June 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
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