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Fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340774/-exercise-to-me-is-a-scary-word-perceptions-of-fatigue-sleep-dysfunction-and-exercise-in-people-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-focus-group-study
#1
D Russell, I C Álvarez Gallardo, I Wilson, C M Hughes, G W Davison, B Sañudo, J G McVeigh
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a common and complex chronic pain condition. Exercise is recommended in the management of the FMS; however, people with FMS often find exercise exacerbates their condition and causes overwhelming fatigue. The objective of this study was to explore the perceptions of fatigue and sleep dysfunction, and exercise in people with FMS. Three, 60-90 min focus groups were conducted with people with FMS (n = 14). Participants were recruited from patient support groups who had experienced therapeutic exercise in the management of their condition...
January 16, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318645/endometriosis-increased-the-risk-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis-a-population-based-study
#2
Chia-Chang Wu, Shiu-Dong Chung, Herng-Ching Lin
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested an association between bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) and endometriosis. However, no nation-wide population study has yet reported an association between them. In this study, we examined the risk of BPS/IC among subjects with endometriosis during a 3-year follow-up in Taiwan using a population-based dataset. STUDY DESIGN: This study comprised 9191 subjects with endometriosis, and 27 573 subjects randomly selected as controls...
January 10, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278731/a-test-of-the-adaptive-network-explanation-of-functional-disorders-using-a-machine-learning-analysis-of-symptoms
#3
Christos Melidis, Susan L Denham, Michael E Hyland
The classification and etiology of functional disorders is controversial. Evidence supports both psychological and biological (disease) models that show, respectively, that functional disorders should be classified as one (bodily distress syndrome) and many (e.g., irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)). Two network models (symptom network and adaptive network) can explain the specificity and covariation of symptomatology, but only the adaptive network model can explain the covariation of the somatic symptoms of functional disorders...
December 23, 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258726/a-systematic-review-of-outcome-measures-utilised-to-assess-self-management-in-clinical-trials-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#4
REVIEW
Anirban Banerjee, Paul Hendrick, Purba Bhattacharjee, Holly Blake
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to identify, appraise and synthesise the outcome measures used to assess self-management in patients with chronic pain. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar were searched to identify quantitative measures used within randomised or non-randomised clinical trials to assess self-management in adults (≥18 years) with chronic pain. RESULTS: 25 RCTs published between 1998 and 2016 were included in this review...
December 10, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250975/an-update-on-emerging-drugs-for-fibromyalgia-treatment
#5
Fabiola Atzeni, Maria Chiara Gerardi, Ignazio Francesco Masala, Alessandra Alciati, Alberto Batticciotto, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic disorder whose symptoms of pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances and depression have a devastating effect on patients' lives as it limits their ability to engage in everyday working and social activities, and make it difficult to maintain normal relationships with family, friends and employers. None of the currently available drugs are fully effective against the whole spectrum of symptoms. The aim of this narrative review is to summarise the data relating to the new therapeutic options that have become available over the last few years...
December 19, 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250522/fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-metabolic-approach-grounded-in-biochemistry-for-the-remission-of-symptoms
#6
Silvia Maria Lattanzio
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic, complex, and heterogeneous disorder of still poorly understood etiopathophysiology associated with important musculoskeletal widespread pain, fatigue, non-restorative sleep, and mood disturbances. It is estimated to afflict 2-3% of the worldwide population, with clean prevalence among women. The objective of this paper is to propose a novel treatment for symptomatic remission of FMS, grounded in biochemistry and consisting in the withdrawal from the diet of molecules that can indirectly trigger the symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223727/urodynamic-characteristics-might-be-variable-in-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis-patients-with-different-non-bladder-co-morbid-conditions
#7
Wei-Ming Cheng, Yu-Hua Fan, Alex T L Lin
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to identify the impact of non-bladder co-morbid conditions on the urodynamic characteristics of patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis. METHODS: Patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis completed the screening questionnaires for chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, temporo-mandibular disorders, multiple chemical sensitivities, tension/migraine headache, and localized myofascial pain disorder...
December 6, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133662/a-tiny-tick-can-cause-a-big-health-problem
#8
Manuel John, M Raman, Keith Ryan
Ticks are tiny crawling bugs in the spider family that feed by sucking blood from animals. They are second only to mosquitoes as vectors of human disease, both infectious and toxic. Infected ticks spread over a hundred diseases, some of which are fatal if undetected. They spread the spirochete (which multiplies in the insect's gut) with a subsequent bite to the next host. We describe the only reported cases of peri ocular tick bite from India that presented to us within a span of 3 days and its management. Due suspicion and magnification of the lesions revealed the ticks which otherwise masqueraded as small skin tags/moles on gross examination...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108826/physical-activity-and-autoimmune-diseases-get-moving-and-manage-the-disease
#9
REVIEW
Kassem Sharif, Abdulla Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Micheal Lichtbroun, Howard Amital, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Physical activity, by definition, is any skeletal muscle body movement that results in energy expenditure. In the last few decades, a plethora of scientific evidences have accumulated and confirmed the beneficial role of physical activity as a modifiable risk factor for a wide variety of chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), diabetes mellitus and cancer, among others. Autoimmune diseases are a heterogeneous group of chronic diseases, which occur secondary to loss of self-antigen tolerance...
January 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099955/screening-for-adult-adhd-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#10
Roland van Rensburg, Helgard Pieter Meyer, Sonia Anne Hitchcock, Christian Edward Schuler
Objective: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a common chronic pain disorder associated with altered activity of neurotransmitters involved in pain sensitivity such as dopamine, serotonin, and noradrenaline. FMS may significantly impact an individual's functioning due to the presence of chronic pain, fatigue, and cognitive impairment. Dyscognition may be more disabling than the chronic pain but is mostly under-recognized. This study aimed to assess the potential co-occurrence of FMS and adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder also associated with impaired cognition and dopaminergic function...
November 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077623/internet-based-exposure-therapy-for-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Maria Hedman-Lagerlöf, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Erland Axelsson, Brjánn Ljótsson, Johanna Engelbrektsson, Sofia Hultkrantz, Karolina Lundbäck, Daniel Björkander, Rikard Wicksell, Ida Flink, Erik Andersson
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common and disabling chronic pain disorder, for which existing pharmacological and psychological treatments have yet yielded insufficient effects. Previous literature has shown that exposure therapy may be an effective treatment for chronic pain. This study constitutes the first randomized controlled trial evaluating exposure therapy for FM. One hundred and forty participants with diagnosed FM were randomized to a 10-week internet-based exposure treatment (iExp; n=70) or a waitlist control condition (WLC; n=70)...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992894/chronic-prostatitis-and-comorbid-non-urological-overlapping-pain-conditions-a-co-twin-control-study
#12
Marianna Gasperi, John N Krieger, Christopher Forsberg, Jack Goldberg, Dedra Buchwald, Niloofar Afari
OBJECTIVES: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is characterized by pain and voiding symptoms in the absence of an obvious infection or other cause. CP/CPPS frequently occurs with non-urological chronic overlapping pain conditions (COPCs) of unknown etiology. We conducted a co-twin control study in men discordant for chronic prostatitis (CP), an overarching diagnosis of which approximately 90% is CP/CPPS. The primary aim was to investigate the contribution of familial factors, including shared genetic and common environmental factors, to the comorbidity of CP and COPCs...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991361/withdrawn-anticonvulsants-for-fibromyalgia
#13
REVIEW
Nurcan Üçeyler, Claudia Sommer, Brian Walitt, Winfried Häuser
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a clinically well-defined chronic condition of unknown aetiology characterised by chronic widespread pain that often co-exists with sleep problems and fatigue. People often report high disability levels and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Drug therapy focuses on reducing key symptoms and disability, and improving HRQoL. Anticonvulsants (antiepileptic drugs) are drugs frequently used for the treatment of chronic pain syndromes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of anticonvulsants for treating FM symptoms...
October 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967359/the-role-of-centralised-pain-in-osteoarthritis
#14
REVIEW
Daniel J Clauw, Afton L Hassett
The mechanisms underlying chronic pain states, including osteoarthritis, differ from those underlying acute pain. In chronic pain states, central nervous system (CNS) factors often play a particularly prominent role. In many individuals with chronic pain, pain can occur with minimal or no evidence of ongoing nociceptive input. Medical subspecialties have applied a wide-range of labels to these pain conditions including fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome and interstitial cystitis to name just a few. These same CNS processes can augment or magnify pain when there is ongoing nociceptive input, as in conditions such as osteoarthritis or autoimmune disorders...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943233/unravelling-fibromyalgia-steps-toward-individualized-management
#15
Winfried Häuser, Serge Perrot, Daniel J Clauw, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
The heterogeneity of the clinical presentation and the pathophysiologic mechanisms associated with fibromyalgia (FM), and the modest results on average for any therapy, call for a more individualized management strategy. Individualized treatment can be on the basis of subgrouping of patients according to associated conditions (mental health problems, chronic overlapping pain conditions, other somatic diseases) or on disease severity. Categorizing FM as mild, moderate, or severe can be on the basis of clinical assessment (eg, degree of daily functioning) or on questionnaires...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925285/longitudinal-outcomes-associated-with-significant-other-responses-to-chronic-fatigue-and-pain
#16
Karen B Schmaling, Jessica L Fales, Sterling McPherson
This study investigated significant others' behavior associated with fatigue, pain, and mental health outcomes among 68 individuals with chronic fatigue (43% also had fibromyalgia) over 18 months. More negative significant others' responses were associated with more pain, poorer physical and mental health, and more fatigue-related symptoms over time. More fibromyalgia tender points covaried with more solicitous significant others' responses over time. Better mental health covaried with more distracting significant others' responses over time...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914723/inducing-somatic-symptoms-in-functional-syndrome-patients-effects-of-manipulating-state-negative-affect
#17
Maaike Van Den Houte, Katleen Bogaerts, Ilse Van Diest, Jozef De Bie, Philippe Persoons, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Induction of negative affective states can enhance bodily symptoms in high habitual symptom reporters among healthy persons and in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The aims of this study were to replicate this effect in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome and to investigate the role of moderators, focusing on alexithymia, negative affectivity, and absorption. METHODS: Patients with fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome (n = 81) and HCs (n = 41) viewed series of neutral, positive, and negative affective pictures...
November 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903778/jtm-advances-in-uncharted-territories-diseases-and-disorders-of-unknown-etiology
#18
EDITORIAL
Monica C Panelli
We are delighted to announce a new section in the Journal of Translational Medicine, 'Illnesses of Unknown Etiology'. This section aims to provide a translational medicine forum for the publication of research on illnesses, multisystem diseases and syndromes of unknown etiology. Examples of these include Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Syndrome.
September 13, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860106/web-based-mindfulness-interventions-for-people-with-physical-health-conditions-systematic-review
#19
Kirsti I Toivonen, Kristin Zernicke, Linda E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are becoming increasingly popular for helping people with physical health conditions. Expanding from traditional face-to-face program delivery, there is growing interest in Web-based application of MBIs, though Web-based MBIs for people with physical health conditions specifically have not been thoroughly reviewed to date. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to review Web-based MBIs for people with physical health conditions and to examine all outcomes reported (eg, efficacy or effectiveness for physical changes or psychological changes; feasibility)...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843450/symptoms-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalopathy-are-not-determined-by-activity-pacing-when-measured-by-the-chronic-pain-coping-inventory
#20
D P Thompson, D Antcliff, S R Woby
OBJECTIVES: Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalopathy (CFS/ME) is a chronic illness which can cause significant fatigue, pain and disability. Activity pacing is frequently advocated as a beneficial coping strategy, however, it is unclear whether pacing is significantly associated with symptoms in people with CFS/ME. The first aim of this study was therefore to explore the cross-sectional associations between pacing and levels of pain, disability and fatigue. The second aim was to explore whether changes in activity pacing following participation in a symptom management programme were related to changes in clinical outcomes...
August 4, 2017: Physiotherapy
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