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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932027/influence-of-legislations-and-news-on-indian-internet-search-query-patterns-of-e-cigarettes
#1
Rooban Thavarajah, Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Kannan Ranganathan, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) in India. In addition, the Indian internet search pattern for ENDS has not been studied. We aimed to address this lacuna. Moreover, the influence of the tobacco legislations and news pieces on such search volume is not known. Given the fact that ENDS could cause oral lesions, these data are pertinent to dentists. METHODS: Using a time series analysis, we examined the effect of tobacco-related legislations and news pieces on total search volume (TSV) from September 1, 2012, to August 31, 2016...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928312/getting-real-with-the-upcoming-challenge-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-the-way-forward-for-the-south-east-asia-region
#2
REVIEW
Jagdish Kaur, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are being marketed to tobacco smokers for use in places where smoking is not allowed or as aids similar to pharmaceutical nicotine products to help cigarette smokers quit tobacco use. These are often flavored to make them more attractive for youth - ENDS use may lead young nonsmokers to take up tobacco products. Neither safety nor efficacy as a cessation aid of ENDS has been scientifically demonstrated. The adverse health effects of secondhand aerosol cannot be ruled out...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892771/exclusive-e-cigarette-use-predicts-cigarette-initiation-among-college-students
#3
Alexandra Loukas, C Nathan Marti, Maria Cooper, Keryn E Pasch, Cheryl L Perry
INTRODUCTION: An increasing body of research indicates that use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) predicts cigarette initiation. However, no studies examine if risk for cigarette initiation varies for exclusive ENDS users versus users of ENDS and other tobacco products. This study examined if: a) cigarette-naïve young adults (i.e., never cigarette users) who ever used ENDS had a greater odds of initiating cigarettes than non-ENDS users over a 1.5year period and b) the odds of cigarette initiation was consistent across exclusive ENDS users and users of ENDS and at least one tobacco product...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880788/use-of-nicotine-in-electronic-nicotine-and-non-nicotine-delivery-systems-by-us-adults-2015
#4
Scott R Weaver, Catherine B Kemp, J Wesley Heath, Terry F Pechacek, Michael P Eriksen
Nicotine in electronic nicotine and non-nicotine delivery systems (ENDS/ENNDS) may present a risk of harm to those with cardiovascular disease and the fetuses of pregnant women. We assessed the extent to which adult users of ENDS/ENNDS used these products with nicotine. We obtained data for this study from a national probability survey of 6051 US adults that was conducted in August and September 2015. Of 399 adult ENDS/ENNDS users who were current smokers, 337 (80.7%) used ENDS/ENNDS containing nicotine, whereas only 29 of 71 (36...
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819633/clinical-laboratory-evaluation-of-electronic-cigarettes-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-methodological-challenges
#5
Melissa D Blank, Alison B Breland, Caroline O Cobb, Tory Spindle, Carolina Ramôa, Thomas Eissenberg
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating electronic cigarettes (ECIGs) in the clinical laboratory is critical to understanding their effects. However, laboratory evaluation of ECIGs can be challenging, as they are a novel, varied, and evolving class of products. The objective of this paper is to describe some methodological challenges to the clinical laboratory evaluation of ECIGs. METHODS: The authors gathered information about challenges involved in the laboratory evaluation of ECIGs...
October 2016: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817864/tobacco-cessation-strategies-it-takes-a-village
#6
Debbie Anne Chiu Qua
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death and chronic diseases in the U.S. Identifying smokers and providing appropriate intervention is therefore an integral part of each clinic visit. A combination of pharmacotherapy as well as behavioral counseling provides the best results. Pharmacotherapy includes nicotine replacement (patch, gum, lozenges), bupropion and varenicline. More recently, electronic nicotinic delivery systems (such as e-cigarettes, vaporizers/vape pens, and hookah pens) have become popular...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777675/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-e-cigarette-vape-use-and-co-occurring-health-risk-behaviors-among-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-young-adults
#7
H Isabella Lanza, Heather Teeter
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS; i.e., e-cigarette/vape) use has grown exponentially in the past few years. College students present a particularly vulnerable group for ENDS use. The current study sought to expand the literature by examining the context in which college students use ENDS, co-occurring health risks beyond traditional tobacco use, and the role of ethnicity in ENDS use. METHODS: Health-risk behavior survey data was collected from 452 undergraduates attending a large, public urban university during the 2015-2016 academic year...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756728/innovative-approaches-to-support-smoking-cessation-for-individuals-with-mental-illness-and-co-occurring-substance-use-disorders
#8
Smita Das, Judith J Prochaska
Tobacco remains the leading preventable cause of death in the US, accounting for over 520,000 deaths annually. While the smoking prevalence has declined over the past 50 years, those with mental illness and addictive disorders continue to smoke at high levels and with significant tobacco-related health problems. Areas covered: This review highlights the epidemiology, contributing factors, and evidence-base for intervening upon tobacco use in those with mental illness and addictive disorders. Historically underprioritized, a growing body of literature supports treating tobacco within mental health and addiction treatment settings...
August 9, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686988/prevalence-correlates-comorbidity-and-treatment-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-use-in-the-united-states
#9
S Patricia Chou, Tulshi D Saha, Haitao Zhang, W June Ruan, Boji Huang, Bridget F Grant, Carlos Blanco, Wilson Compton
INTRODUCTION: This study presents nationally representative data on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity and treatment (including pharmacological and nonpharmacological) among electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) users. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: Prevalences of 12-month and lifetime ENDS use were 3.8% (SE=0.14) and 5.4% (SE=0.17)...
June 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678400/nicotine-vapor-method-to-induce-nicotine-dependence-in-rodents
#10
Marsida Kallupi, Olivier George
Nicotine, the main addictive component of tobacco, induces potentiation of brain stimulation reward, increases locomotor activity, and induces conditioned place preference. Nicotine cessation produces a withdrawal syndrome that can be relieved by nicotine replacement therapy. In the last decade, the market for electronic cigarettes has flourished, especially among adolescents. The nicotine vaporizer or electronic nicotine delivery system is a battery-operated device that allows the user to simulate the experience of tobacco smoking without inhaling smoke...
July 5, 2017: Current Protocols in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653023/electronic-cigarette-expectancies-in-smokers-with-psychological-distress
#11
Mollie E Miller, Jennifer W Tidey, Damaris J Rohsenow, Stephen T Higgins
OBJECTIVES: Very few studies have evaluated perceptions of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) among smokers with mental illness. This study assessed expectancies about the effects of smoking combustible cigarettes or using ENDS among current smokers with and without severe psychological distress (SPD). METHODS: We used a crowdsourcing system to survey 268 smokers on their expectancies for the effects of combustible cigarettes and ENDS. Positive expectancies assessed included negative affect reduction, stimulation, positive social effects and weight control, and negative expectancies included negative physical effects, negative psychosocial effects and future health concerns...
January 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651887/alarming-increase-in-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-related-burn-injuries-a-serious-unregulated-public-health-issue
#12
Jake Toy, Fanglong Dong, Carol Lee, Dane Zappa, Timothy Le, Benjamin Archambeau, John T Culhane, Michael M Neeki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648969/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-smoking-cessation-self-help-intervention-for-dual-users-of-tobacco-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-intervention-development-and-research-design
#13
Lauren R Meltzer, Vani N Simmons, Steven K Sutton, David J Drobes, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Cathy D Meade, Marina Unrod, Karen O Brandon, Paul T Harrell, Thomas Eissenberg, Christopher R Bullen, Thomas H Brandon
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems, also called electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes, have been available for over a decade and use has been increasing dramatically. The primary reported reasons for use are to aid smoking cessation or reduction, yet a significant proportion appear to be long-term users of both products ("dual users"). Dual users may be motivated to quit smoking and might benefit from a behavioral intervention for smoking cessation. This paper describes the intervention development, as well as the design, methods, and data analysis plans for an ongoing randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640563/-smoking-vaping-and-cardiovascular-risk-an-update
#14
Sofia Dalkou, Carole Clair
It is well known that tobacco smoking increases cardiovascular (CV) mortality and morbidity, however, smoking cessation is often neglected compared to other CV risk factors. Behavioral counseling as well as smoking cessation treatments are efficient and do not increase the risk of CV events when used for a defined duration. Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) contain potentially cardiotoxic substances but in lower concentrations than in cigarettes. The CV effect of ENDS is to date difficult to assess and depends on the type of device used and its mode of consumption...
June 7, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640562/-vaping-electronic-cigarette-how-to-advise-smokers-in-2017
#15
Isabelle Jacot Sadowski, Jean-Paul Humair, Jacques Cornuz
Questions about electronic cigarettes, also called electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), are very common when advising patients to stop smoking in medical practice. It is widely recognized that the risks of vaping are significantly lower than those of smoking, although there are uncertainties about its long-term health effects. Some studies suggest that vaping helps to stop smoking. Effective smoking cessation medications should be recommended in first line but vaping should not be discouraged when patients choose to use this device, as the main aim is smoking cessation...
June 7, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634162/linking-the-content-to-demographic-reach-of-online-advertising-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#16
David S Timberlake, Dmitriy Nikitin, Jennifer Garcia-Cano, Samantha Cino, Margarita Savkina, Cornelia Pechmann
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have separately examined the content and demographic reach of the advertising of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). No study to our knowledge has linked the two in investigating whether racial/ethnic groups are differentially exposed to the comparative messages conveyed in online ENDS advertisements. METHODS: 932 unique ENDS advertisements (6311 total), which were posted on 3435 websites between December, 2009 and October, 2015, were categorized as either comparative or non-comparative with respect to the traditional cigarette...
June 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621763/why-don-t-more-smokers-switch-to-using-e-cigarettes-the-views-of-confirmed-smokers
#17
Neil McKeganey, Tiffany Dickson
Whilst e-cigarettes have been characterised by Public Health England as being around 95% less harmful than combustible tobacco products, only a minority of current smokers (around 16% within the UK) are using these devices. In this paper we report the results of an online survey of 650 smokers in contact with a smokers' rights group in the UK. A total of 91% of the smokers surveyed were smoking on a daily basis. Fifty nine percent reported having used electronic nicotine delivery systems, the majority of whom reported having used e-cigarettes...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590444/consumers-preferences-for-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-product-features-a-structured-content-analysis
#18
Christine E Kistler, Trisha M Crutchfield, Erin L Sutfin, Leah M Ranney, Micah L Berman, Gary A Zarkin, Adam O Goldstein
To inform potential governmental regulations, we aimed to develop a list of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) product features important to U.S. consumers by age and gender. We employed qualitative data methods. Participants were eligible if they had used an ENDS at least once. Groups were selected by age and gender (young adult group aged 18-25, n = 11; middle-age group aged 26-64, n = 9; and women's group aged 26-64, n = 9). We conducted five individual older adult interviews (aged 68-80). Participants discussed important ENDS features...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572636/nicotine-delivery-from-the-refill-liquid-to-the-aerosol-via-high-power-e-cigarette-device
#19
Nathalie Prévôt, Fabien de Oliveira, Sophie Perinel-Ragey, Thierry Basset, Jean-Michel Vergnon, Jérémie Pourchez
To offer an enhanced and well-controlled nicotine delivery from the refill liquid to the aerosol is a key point to adequately satisfy nicotine cravings using electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). A recent high-power ENDS, exhibiting higher aerosol nicotine delivery than older technologies, was used. The particle size distribution was measured using a cascade impactor. The effects of the refill liquid composition on the nicotine content of each size-fraction in the submicron range were investigated. Nicotine was quantified by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522563/biomarkers-of-exposure-to-new-and-emerging-tobacco-delivery-products
#20
REVIEW
Suzaynn F Schick, Benjamin C Blount, Peyton Jacob, Najat A Saliba, John T Bernert, Ahmad El Hellani, Peter Jatlow, R Steven Pappas, Lanqing Wang, Jonathan Foulds, Arunava Ghosh, Stephen S Hecht, John C Gomez, Jessica R Martin, Clementina Mesaros, Sanjay Srivastava, Gideon St Helen, Robert Tarran, Pawel K Lorkiewicz, Ian A Blair, Heather L Kimmel, Claire M Doerschuk, Neal L Benowitz, Aruni Bhatnagar
Accurate and reliable measurements of exposure to tobacco products are essential for identifying and confirming patterns of tobacco product use and for assessing their potential biological effects in both human populations and experimental systems. Due to the introduction of new tobacco-derived products and the development of novel ways to modify and use conventional tobacco products, precise and specific assessments of exposure to tobacco are now more important than ever. Biomarkers that were developed and validated to measure exposure to cigarettes are being evaluated to assess their use for measuring exposure to these new products...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
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