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Electronic nicotine delivery system

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914771/overview-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Jennifer L Pearson, Haneen Abudayyeh, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Andrea C Villanti
CONTEXT: Rapid developments in e-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and the evolution of the overall tobacco product marketplace warrant frequent evaluation of the published literature. The purpose of this article is to report updated findings from a comprehensive review of the published scientific literature on ENDS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The authors conducted a systematic review of published empirical research literature on ENDS through May 31, 2016, using a detailed search strategy in the PubMed electronic database, expert review, and additional targeted searches...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870720/strengthening-the-capacity-of-local-health-departments-to-reduce-exposure-to-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#2
Melanie Ruhe, Erica Haller-Stevenson, Katherine Roulston, Megan Jourdan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852893/philip-morris-research-on-precursors-to-the-modern-e-cigarette-since-1990
#3
Lauren M Dutra, Rachel Grana, Stanton A Glantz
BACKGROUND: Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is increasing rapidly. Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik is frequently cited as inventing the modern e-cigarette in 2003. However, tobacco companies have developed electronic nicotine delivery systems since at least 1963. METHODS: We searched the University of California San Francisco Truth (formerly Legacy) Tobacco Industry Documents beginning with the terms 'electric cigarette' and 'electronic cigarettes', 'e-cigarette', 'smokeless cigarettes', 'nicotine aerosol', 'tobacco aerosol', and 'vaping' and then expanded the search using snowball sampling...
November 15, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816664/documenting-the-emergence-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-as-a-disruptive-technology-in-nicotine-and-tobacco-science
#4
REVIEW
John B Correa, Idan Ariel, Nicole S Menzie, Thomas H Brandon
BACKGROUND: The emergence of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS, or "e-cigarettes") has resulted in nicotine and tobacco scientists committing increased resources to studying these products. Despite this surge of research on various topics related to e-cigarettes, it is important to characterize the evolving e-cigarette research landscape as a way to identify important future research directions. The purpose of this review was to broadly categorize published scholarly work on e-cigarettes using a structured, multi-level coding scheme...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807298/e-cigarette-use-1%C3%A2-year-later-in-a-population-based-prospective-cohort
#5
Michael S Amato, Raymond G Boyle, David Levy
BACKGROUND: Population prevalence estimates of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) use range considerably based on the operational definition of 'use'. Recently, we investigated the utility of 'use frequency' for restricting prevalence estimates to non-experimenters in adult populations. Results suggested that individuals reporting use on ≤5 days in the past 30 were likely to discontinue use, and should be excluded from estimates of population prevalence. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the predictive validity of ENDS use frequency as a measure for likelihood of continued use, and cigarette smoking abstinence...
November 2, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801793/identification-of-vape-shops-in-two-north-carolina-counties-an-approach-for-states-without-retailer-licensing
#6
Joseph G L Lee, Heather D'Angelo, Jaleel D Kuteh, Ryan J Martin
Stores that sell electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) as their primary product are a new phenomenon and often termed "vape shops". While vape shops are now regulated by state and federal agencies, not all states maintain lists of vape shops in operation. Standard ways of identifying tobacco retailers through off-premise alcohol permits and business listing services may not identify vape shops. We used four online business listing services (i.e., Google Maps, ReferenceUSA, YellowPages.com, Yelp) to identify vape shops in two counties in North Carolina (NC)...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776582/e-cigarettes-a-need-to-broaden-the-debate
#7
E Latif, M Nair
The unregulated market for e-cigarettes continues to grow, with debates on their efficacy and impact on global public health. E-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDs), are marketed as a 'safe' alternative to tobacco products and a tool for 'harm reduction'. Some public health experts are calling it a 'game changer' and favour the 'harm reduction' strategy, while others dispute this claim. In our opinion, the debate needs to be broadened to encompass other related concerns and effects on non-users and affected stakeholders...
November 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736944/week-long-topography-study-of-young-adults-using-electronic-cigarettes-in-their-natural-environment
#8
R J Robinson, E C Hensel, K A Roundtree, A G Difrancesco, J M Nonnemaker, Y O Lee
Results of an observational, descriptive study quantifying topography characteristics of twenty first generation electronic nicotine delivery system users in their natural environment for a one week observation period are presented. The study quantifies inter-participant variation in puffing topography between users and the intra-participant variation for each user observed during one week of use in their natural environment. Puff topography characteristics presented for each user include mean puff duration, flow rate and volume for each participant, along with descriptive statistics of each quantity...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697895/associations-with-resident-physicians-early-adoption-of-electronic-cigarettes-for-smoking-cessation
#9
Eric Egnot, Kim Jordan, John O Elliott
BACKGROUND: Use of the electronic cigarette for nicotine delivery has increased dramatically in recent years. Information continues to emerge on its role as a smoking cessation aid, but little is known about resident physician use of the device in clinical practice. METHODS: In 2015, an electronic survey was administered to resident physicians in one healthcare system in Columbus, Ohio. The survey included questions about personal smoking exposure, knowledge, beliefs, attitudes about electronic cigarettes and early adoption of electronic cigarettes with patients...
October 3, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689306/tobacco-21-an-important-public-policy-to-protect-our-youth
#10
Harold J Farber, Smita Pakhale, Enid R Neptune
An important approach to reduce youth tobacco use is the adoption of regulations to prohibit tobacco product sale to individuals under 21 years of age, termed Tobacco 21. In the United States, close to 90% of current smokers started smoking before the age of 18, and 99% before age 26 years. Earlier age of tobacco use initiation is associated with lower rates of smoking cessation. Increasing minimum age to purchase has been shown to reduce tobacco product use among youth. The critical determinant is likely the loss of social sources of tobacco products...
September 30, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664185/burns-from-e-cigarettes-and-other-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#11
Clare Meernik, Felicia N Williams, Bruce A Cairns, Ernest J Grant, Adam O Goldstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637361/tracking-dabbing-using-search-query-surveillance-a-case-study-in-the-united-states
#12
Zhu Zhang, Xiaolong Zheng, Daniel Dajun Zeng, Scott J Leischow
BACKGROUND: Dabbing is an emerging method of marijuana ingestion. However, little is known about dabbing owing to limited surveillance data on dabbing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze Google search data to assess the scope and breadth of information seeking on dabbing. METHODS: Google Trends data about dabbing and related topics (eg, electronic nicotine delivery system [ENDS], also known as e-cigarettes) in the United States between January 2004 and December 2015 were collected by using relevant search terms such as "dab rig...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635381/perceptions-of-emerging-tobacco-products-and-nicotine-replacement-therapy-among-pregnant-women-and-women-planning-a-pregnancy
#13
Lucinda J England, Van T Tong, Amber Koblitz, Julia Kish-Doto, Molly M Lynch, Brian G Southwell
The increasing availability of emerging non-combusted tobacco products (snus, dissolvables, and electronic nicotine delivery systems or ENDS) may have implications for pregnant women and women of reproductive age. We conducted 15 focus groups to explore how women perceive emerging non-combusted tobacco products and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in general, and during pregnancy. Sessions were held in 2013 in four U.S. cities. Participants were 18-40 years old and were pregnant smokers, pregnant quitters, or smokers planning a pregnancy...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633767/flavourings-significantly-affect-inhalation-toxicity-of-aerosol-generated-from-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-ends
#14
Noel J Leigh, Ralph I Lawton, Pamela A Hershberger, Maciej L Goniewicz
BACKGROUND: E-cigarettes or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are designed to deliver nicotine-containing aerosol via inhalation. Little is known about the health effects of flavoured ENDS aerosol when inhaled. METHODS: Aerosol from ENDS was generated using a smoking machine. Various types of ENDS devices or a tank system prefilled with liquids of different flavours, nicotine carrier, variable nicotine concentrations and with modified battery output voltage were tested...
September 15, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613914/the-influence-of-a-mouthpiece-based-topography-measurement-device-on-electronic-cigarette-user-s-plasma-nicotine-concentration-heart-rate-and-subjective-effects-under-directed-and-ad-libitum-use-conditions
#15
Tory R Spindle, Marzena M Hiler, Alison B Breland, Nareg V Karaoghlanian, Alan L Shihadeh, Thomas Eissenberg
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes e-cigarettes aerosolize a liquid solution often containing nicotine. e-cigarette nicotine delivery may be influenced by user puffing behaviors ("puff topography"). E-cigarette puff topography can be recorded using mouthpiece-based computerized systems. The present study sought to examine the extent to which these systems influence e-cigarette nicotine delivery and other e-cigarette associated acute effects under ad libitum use conditions. METHODS: Plasma nicotine concentration, heart rate, and subjective effects were assessed in 29 experienced e-cigarette users using their preferred e-cigarette battery and liquid (≥12mg/mL nicotine) in two sessions differing only by the presence of a mouthpiece-based device...
July 11, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613899/how-us-smokers-refer-to-e-cigarettes-an-examination-of-user-generated-posts-from-a-web-based-smoking-cessation-intervention-2008-2015
#16
Jennifer L Pearson, Michael S Amato, Xi Wang, Kang Zhao, Sarah Cha, Amy M Cohn, George D Papandonatos, Amanda L Graham
INTRODUCTION: A challenge in Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS) research is how to refer to these devices in ways that are meaningful to current or potential users. The objectives of this study were to: (1) describe the frequency of ENDS terms in a web-based smoking cessation intervention; and (2) determine whether terms vary by US geographic region and date. METHODS: Data were drawn from public posts between 2008-2015 on http://BecomeAnEX.org and limited to US users...
August 16, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613717/e-cigarette-aerosol-exposure-induces-reactive-oxygen-species-dna-damage-and-cell-death-in-vascular-endothelial-cells
#17
Chastain Anderson, Andrew Majeste, Jakub Hanus, Shusheng Wang
Cigarette smoking remains one of the leading causes of preventable death worldwide. Vascular cell death and dysfunction is a central or exacerbating component in the majority of cigarette smoking related pathologies. The recent development of the electronic nicotine delivery systems known as e-cigarettes provides an alternative to conventional cigarette smoking; however, the potential vascular health risks of e-cigarette use remain unclear. This study evaluates the effects of e-cigarette aerosol extract (EAE) and conventional cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
December 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599520/prevalence-of-use-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-ends-to-vape-recreational-drugs-by-club-patrons-in-south-london
#18
Natalie Thurtle, Rachelle Abouchedid, John R H Archer, James Ho, Takahiro Yamamoto, Paul I Dargan, David M Wood
INTRODUCTION: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS, often called e-cigarettes) are nicotine delivery devices that heat nicotine into vapour that is inhaled, a process called 'vaping'. Use eclipsed nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT) in 2014 but ENDS role in smoking cessation remains controversial. Safety has not been proven and there have been reports to US poison centres regarding potential ENDS-related nicotine toxicity. A further concern is use of ENDS to vape recreational drugs, but there is limited data to substantiate this...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597300/-efficacy-and-security-of-electronic-cigarette-for-tobacco-harm-reduction-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Paul Vanderkam, Rémy Boussageon, Michel Underner, Nicolas Langbourg, Yann Brabant, Philippe Binder, Bernard Freche, Nematollah Jaafari
CONTEXT: Smoking is the first cause of preventable death in France and in the world. Without help, it was shown that 80 % of smokers who try to quit smoking relapse after one month with a low long-term success rate. Smoking reduction can concern smokers who did not want to quit or failed in their attempt to weaning. The final aim is to increase attractiveness of drug therapies by developing new products, such as electronic cigarettes, that can compete cigarette without reproducing its harmful effects...
September 2, 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574480/e-cigarettes-for-the-management-of-nicotine-addiction
#20
REVIEW
Oliver Knight-West, Christopher Bullen
In this review, we discuss current evidence on electronic cigarettes (ECs), a rapidly evolving class of nicotine delivery system, and their role in managing nicotine addiction, specifically in helping smokers to quit smoking and/or reduce the amount of tobacco they smoke. The current evidence base is limited to three randomized trials (only one compares ECs with nicotine replacement therapy) and a growing number of EC user surveys (n=6), case reports (n=4), and cohort studies (n=8). Collectively, these studies suggest modest cessation efficacy and a few adverse effects, at least with the short-term use...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
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