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Electronic nicotine delivery system

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199725/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-ends-mapping-the-indian-online-retail-market
#1
Vikrant R Mohanty, Puneet Chahar, Aswiniy Y B, Vipul Yadav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198993/a-debate-can-we-recommend-electronic-cigarettes-to-our-patients-opinion-2
#2
Michał Poznański, Tadeusz Pietras, Adam Antczak
Electronic cigarettes are more and more frequently used to deliver nicotine. They are used both by the users of regular cigarettes and those who to date have not smoked. The literature about potential impact of electronic nicotine delivery systems on health is constantly growing. Particular concern is expressed about toxicity of chemical compounds and elements delivered with the vapour of electronic cigarettes. It turns out that products that have positive image in media, actually are not so beneficial. Furthermore, they not only may cause damage to health but also death...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192582/use-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-among-adolescents-status-of-the-evidence-and-public-health-recommendations
#3
Aarti D Kamat, Alison L Van Dyke
Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has been declining in recent years, the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as of electronic cigarettes, vaporizers, and hookahs has been steadily rising, especially among adolescents. ENDS are not only advertised to children, but their sale via the Internet has made them easily accessible to youth. In general, children perceive ENDS as safe, or at least safer than smoking traditional combustible tobacco products; however, exposure to nicotine may have deleterious effects on the developing brain...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167004/e-cigarettes-an-update-on-considerations-for-the-otolaryngologist
#4
REVIEW
Sneh Biyani, Craig S Derkay
PURPOSE: We provide an update in the literature and national regulations regarding electronic cigarettes with special attention to the pediatric population. BACKGROUND: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are handheld battery operated devices that vaporize nicotine-containing liquids for inhalation. Use of these products has dramatically increased over the last several years, particularly among the youth. ENDS are being marketed with advertising techniques and flavors which appeal to the adolescent and young adult population...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159423/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-and-acceptability-of-adult-cigarette-smoking-among-florida-youth-renormalization-of-smoking
#5
Kelvin Choi, Rachel Grana, Debra Bernat
PURPOSE: There is a dearth of research into whether electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) promote acceptance of cigarette smoking. Therefore, we aimed to assess the association between ENDS exposure, acceptance of cigarette smoking, and susceptibility to cigarette smoking. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey with a state representative sample of middle and high school students (n = 68,928) were analyzed. Own ENDS use, exposure to ENDS advertising, living with ENDS users, acceptance of adult cigarette smoking, demographics, and known predictors of cigarette smoking were assessed...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157590/delivery-of-nicotine-aerosol-to-mice-via-a-modified-electronic-cigarette-device
#6
Timothy W Lefever, Youn O K Lee, Alexander L Kovach, Melanie A R Silinski, Julie A Marusich, Brian F Thomas, Jenny L Wiley
BACKGROUND: Although both men and women use e-cigarettes, most preclinical nicotine research has focused on its effects in male rodents following injection. The goals of the present study were to develop an effective e-cigarette nicotine delivery system, to compare results to those obtained after subcutaneous (s.c.) injection, and to examine sex differences in the model. METHODS: Hypothermia and locomotor suppression were assessed following aerosol exposure or s...
January 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151705/biomarkers-of-tobacco-exposure-summary-of-an-fda-sponsored-public-workshop
#7
Cindy M Chang, Selvin Edwards, Aarthi Arab, Arseima Del Valle-Pinero, Ling Yang, Dorothy K Hatsukami
Since 2009, the United States (U.S.) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) has had the authority to regulate the manufacturing, distribution, and marketing of tobacco products in order to reduce the death and disease caused by tobacco use. Biomarkers of exposure pertain to actual human exposure to chemicals arising from tobacco use and could play an important role across a number of FDA regulatory activities, including assessing new and modified risk tobacco products and identifying and evaluating potential product standards...
November 9, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147209/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-and-smoking-cessation-in-arkansas-2014
#8
Uwemedimbuk S Ekanem, Victor M Cardenas, Ruiqi Cen, Wanda Simon, Irene P Chedjieu, Morgan Woodward, Robert R Delongchamp, J Gary Wheeler
OBJECTIVES: As of October 2015, evidence needed to make a recommendation about the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) for smoking cessation was limited. We used the 2014 Arkansas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System with additional state-specific questions to determine the prevalence of ENDS use, the impact of ENDS use on smoking cessation, and beliefs about ENDS use in Arkansas. Our objectives were to determine if (1) ENDS use was associated with lower odds of quitting smoking, (2) ENDS users believed that ENDS use was not harmful to their health, and (3) ENDS users believed that switching to ENDS reduced their tobacco-related health risks...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119498/mobile-marketing-an-emerging-strategy-to-promote-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#9
Jennifer Cantrell, Ollie Ganz, Brittany Emelle, Rakiya Moore, Jessica Rath, Elizabeth C Hair, Donna Vallone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107173/electronic-cigarettes-and-indoor-air-quality-a-review-of-studies-using-human-volunteers
#10
Najihah Zainol Abidin, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Aziemah Zulkifli, Karmegam Karuppiah, Sharifah Norkhadijah Syed Ismail, Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin
OBJECTIVE: This paper is primarily aimed to review articles on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) focusing on indoor air quality (IAQ) assessment that were conducted using human volunteers under natural settings that mimic actual vaping scenarios. Such studies may give a better representation of the actual potential exposure towards e-cigarettes emissions in indoor settings. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed search engine database...
January 20, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075420/the-trend-of-voluntary-warnings-in-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-magazine-advertisements
#11
Ce Shang, Frank J Chaloupka
Some manufacturers of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) voluntarily carried health warnings in their advertisements. This study examined these voluntary warnings in magazine ads and plotted their trends between 2012 and early 2015. ENDS magazine ads were obtained through Kantar media and warnings were collected from the Chicago Public Library or the Trinkets and Trash surveillance system. The prevalence of voluntary warnings, warnings with the specific capitalized word "WARNING", and MarkTen warnings were examined after being weighted using factors related to exposure between January 2012 and March 2015...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062365/assessment-of-new-generation-high-power-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-as-thermal-aerosol-generation-device-for-inhaled-bronchodilators
#12
Jérémie Pourchez, Fabien de Oliveira, Sophie Perinel-Ragey, Thierry Basset, Jean-Michel Vergnon, Nathalie Prévôt
PURPOSE: A need remains for alternative devices for aerosol drug delivery that are low cost, convenient and easy to use for the patient, but also capable of producing small-sized aerosol particles. This study investigated the potential of recent high power electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) as aerosol generation devices for inhaled bronchodilators. METHODS: The particle size distribution was measured using a cascade impactor. The delivery of terbutaline sulfate, a current bronchodilator used for asthma or COPD therapy by inhalation, was studied...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025560/use-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-among-adults-with-mental-health-conditions-2015
#13
Claire Adams Spears, Dina M Jones, Scott R Weaver, Terry F Pechacek, Michael P Eriksen
Adults with mental health conditions (MHC) are especially likely to smoke and experience tobacco-related health disparities. Individuals with MHC may also use electronic nicotine delivery devices (ENDS) at disproportionately high rates. However, there is a relative dearth of knowledge regarding ENDS use among individuals with MHC. In a large representative sample of U.S. adults (n = 6051), associations between self-reported MHC diagnoses and ENDS use and susceptibility were examined, stratified by smoking status...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940513/the-tobacco-21-movement-and-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-use-among-youth
#14
Clare Meernik, Hannah M Baker, Joseph G L Lee, Adam O Goldstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935794/exploring-exclusive-and-poly-tobacco-use-among-adult-cigarette-smokers-in-minnesota
#15
Erin O'Gara, Eva Sharma, Raymond G Boyle, Kristie A Taylor
OBJECTIVES: In recent decades, the United States has seen dramatic reductions in cigarette smoking. In contrast, other tobacco products (OTPs) have increased in popularity, particularly electronic cigarettes. The availability of new OTPs also has led to the use of multiple tobacco products that includes combustible cigarettes (poly-use). This study examines patterns of exclusive cigarette and polyuse among adult smokers in Minnesota. METHODS: Data from 5 rounds of the Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey (MATS) series 1999-2014 were analyzed...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914771/overview-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Jennifer L Pearson, Haneen Abudayyeh, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Andrea C Villanti
CONTEXT: Rapid developments in e-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and the evolution of the overall tobacco product marketplace warrant frequent evaluation of the published literature. The purpose of this article is to report updated findings from a comprehensive review of the published scientific literature on ENDS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The authors conducted a systematic review of published empirical research literature on ENDS through May 31, 2016, using a detailed search strategy in the PubMed electronic database, expert review, and additional targeted searches...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870720/strengthening-the-capacity-of-local-health-departments-to-reduce-exposure-to-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#17
Melanie Ruhe, Erica Haller-Stevenson, Katherine Roulston, Megan Jourdan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852893/philip-morris-research-on-precursors-to-the-modern-e-cigarette-since-1990
#18
Lauren M Dutra, Rachel Grana, Stanton A Glantz
BACKGROUND: Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is increasing rapidly. Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik is frequently cited as inventing the modern e-cigarette in 2003. However, tobacco companies have developed electronic nicotine delivery systems since at least 1963. METHODS: We searched the University of California San Francisco Truth (formerly Legacy) Tobacco Industry Documents beginning with the terms 'electric cigarette' and 'electronic cigarettes', 'e-cigarette', 'smokeless cigarettes', 'nicotine aerosol', 'tobacco aerosol', and 'vaping' and then expanded the search using snowball sampling...
November 15, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816664/documenting-the-emergence-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-as-a-disruptive-technology-in-nicotine-and-tobacco-science
#19
REVIEW
John B Correa, Idan Ariel, Nicole S Menzie, Thomas H Brandon
BACKGROUND: The emergence of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS, or "e-cigarettes") has resulted in nicotine and tobacco scientists committing increased resources to studying these products. Despite this surge of research on various topics related to e-cigarettes, it is important to characterize the evolving e-cigarette research landscape as a way to identify important future research directions. The purpose of this review was to broadly categorize published scholarly work on e-cigarettes using a structured, multi-level coding scheme...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807298/e-cigarette-use-1%C3%A2-year-later-in-a-population-based-prospective-cohort
#20
Michael S Amato, Raymond G Boyle, David Levy
BACKGROUND: Population prevalence estimates of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) use range considerably based on the operational definition of 'use'. Recently, we investigated the utility of 'use frequency' for restricting prevalence estimates to non-experimenters in adult populations. Results suggested that individuals reporting use on ≤5 days in the past 30 were likely to discontinue use, and should be excluded from estimates of population prevalence. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the predictive validity of ENDS use frequency as a measure for likelihood of continued use, and cigarette smoking abstinence...
November 2, 2016: Tobacco Control
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