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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793189/effects-of-exposure-to-anti-vaping-public-service-announcements-among-current-smokers-and-dual-users-of-cigarettes-and-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#1
Andy S L Tan, Vaughan W Rees, Justin Rodgers, Emeka Agudile, Natasha A Sokol, Kyeungyeun Yie, Ashley Sanders-Jackson
INTRODUCTION: Anti-vaping public service announcements (PSAs) are intended to discourage vaping or use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). However, vaping portrayals in PSAs may have unintended effects if they increase smoking or vaping urges. This study examined benefits and unintended effects of anti-vaping PSAs with vapor portrayals on smoking and vaping-related outcomes. METHODS: Young adult smokers (N = 171) and dual users (N = 122) aged 21-30 years were randomly assigned to view: 1) anti-vaping PSAs with vapor; 2) anti-vaping PSAs without vapor; 3) physical activity PSAs; or 4) anti-smoking PSAs with smoking cues...
May 16, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747109/characterization-of-airborne-particles-emitted-by-an-electrically-heated-tobacco-smoking-system
#2
A Pacitto, L Stabile, M Scungio, V Rizza, G Buonanno
Smoking activities were recognized as a main risk factor for population. Indeed, mainstream smoke aerosol is directly inhaled by smokers then delivering harmful compounds in the deepest regions of the lung. In order to reduce the potential risk of smoking, different nicotine delivery products have been recently developed. The latest device released is an electrically heated tobacco system (iQOS® , Philip Morris) which is able to warm the tobacco with no combustion. In the present paper a dimensional and volatility characterization of iQOS-generated particles was performed through particle number concentration and distribution measurements in the mainstream aerosol...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746421/reducing-the-health-risks-derived-from-exposure-to-addictive-substances
#3
Peter Anderson, Antoni Gual, Jürgen Rehm
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the health risks due to exposure to alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine and how these risks might be reduced. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2016, worldwide, alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine were responsible for some 10 million deaths. There is evolutionary and biological evidence that humans are predisposed to consuming alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine - present-day problems are caused by high levels of potency, exposure and drug delivery systems...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728187/effect-of-electronic-cigarettes-on-human-middle-ear
#4
Jae-Jun Song, Yoon Young Go, Ji Yoen Mun, Sehee Lee, Gi Jung Im, Yoo Yon Kim, Jun Ho Lee, Jiwon Chang
OBJECTIVE: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are the most commonly used electronic nicotine delivery systems and are a relatively new product designed for smoking cessation. The market scale of electronic cigarettes is growing rapidly, but the potential impact of e-cigarettes on public health has not yet been verified. In this study, we examined the effect of e-liquids on a human middle ear epithelial cell (HMEEC) line. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The main components of e-liquids are propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin and flavoring agents with or without nicotine...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718974/effect-of-e-liquid-flavor-on-electronic-cigarette-topography-and-consumption-behavior-in-a-2-week-natural-environment-switching-study
#5
R J Robinson, E C Hensel, A A Al-Olayan, J M Nonnemaker, Y O Lee
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) offer an alternate means to consume nicotine in a variety of flavored aerosols. Data are needed to better understand the impact of flavors on use behavior. A natural environment observational study was conducted on experienced ENDS users to measure the effect of e-liquid flavor on topography and consumption behavior. The RIT wPUMTM monitor was used to record to record the date and time and puff topography (flow rate, volume, duration) for every puff taken by N = 34 participants over the course of two weeks...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714513/perceptions-of-non-traditional-tobacco-products-between-asthmatic-and-non-asthmatic-college-students
#6
Mary P Martinasek, Robin M White, Christopher W Wheldon, Linda Gibson-Young
OBJECTIVE: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use is common among college students and there are perceptions that ENDS are not as harmful as traditional cigarettes. The aim of this study was to examine differences in ENDS use, risk perceptions and co-occurring smoking behaviors between college students with and without asthma. METHODS: The study consisted of a cross-sectional online survey with a final sample size of 898 college students. The voluntary participation survey was disseminated to all undergraduate and graduate students at a mid-sized liberal arts university in the Southeast U...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702131/electronic-cigarette-substitution-in-the-experimental-tobacco-marketplace-a-review
#7
Warren K Bickel, Derek A Pope, Brent A Kaplan, W Brady DeHart, Mikhail N Koffarnus, Jeffrey S Stein
The evolution of science derives, in part, from the development and use of new methods and techniques. Here, we discuss one development that may have impact on the understanding of tobacco regulatory science: namely, the application of behavioral economics to the complex tobacco marketplace. The purpose of this paper is to review studies that examine conditions impacting the degree to which electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) products substitute for conventional cigarettes in the Experimental Tobacco Marketplace (ETM)...
April 24, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658616/multiple-tobacco-use-among-young-adult-waterpipe-smokers-in-egypt
#8
Aya Mostafa, Moustafa El Houssinie, Aisha Aboul Fotouh
Background: The use of multiple tobacco products is an emerging trend. Studies on multiple use among waterpipe smokers are limited. Objectives: We aimed to estimate the proportion of other tobacco products used by current adult waterpipe smokers in Egypt and identify the determinants of multiple tobacco product use. Methods: Population-based surveys were conducted using interview questionnaires during 2015-2017 in urban Cairo and rural Menoufia...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604326/whether-to-push-or-pull-nicotine-reduction-and-non-combusted-alternatives-two-strategies-for-reducing-smoking-and-improving-public-health
#9
Tracy T Smith, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Neal L Benowitz, Suzanne M Colby, F Joseph McClernon, Andrew A Strasser, Jennifer W Tidey, Cassidy M White, Eric C Donny
Combustible cigarettes remain the most harmful and addictive tobacco product, and reducing the prevalence of smoking continues to be a critical public health goal. While nicotine is the constituent primarily responsible for addiction to cigarettes, most of the harm associated with smoking comes from byproducts of tobacco combustion. Recently, two different approaches for reducing the harms of smoking have emerged, both of which focus on breaking the link between the addiction to nicotine and the harms caused by smoking...
March 28, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588352/patterns-perception-and-behavior-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-use-and-multiple-product-use-among-young-adults
#10
Mary P Martinasek, Amy Bowersock, Christopher W Wheldon
BACKGROUND: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are battery-operated devices used to inhale vaporized or aerosolized nicotine. There is increasing research uncovering negative health effects of these devices. Less is known about the social and behavioral aspects among college students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a mid-sized private university in Florida. The survey was sent via e-mail to the student body of undergraduates. A final sample size of 989 students was analyzed to understand demographic differences between users and nonusers, initiation factors, and influencers, as well as multiple product behaviors...
March 27, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588116/use-and-risk-perception-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-and-tobacco-in-pregnancy
#11
Naleen Raj Bhandari, Kanesha D Day, Nalin Payakachat, Amy M Franks, Keith R McCain, Denise Ragland
INTRODUCTION: Given the rapid rise in availability and use, understanding the perception of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) products in pregnant women is vital. As more women of reproductive age use these products, it is likely that their use during pregnancy is also increasing. This study investigated the use of ENDS and tobacco cigarettes, along with knowledge and perceptions of associated health risks in pregnant women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at a university-based obstetrical clinic...
March 24, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580719/the-toxicity-of-e-cigarettes-and-children-s-respiratory-health
#12
REVIEW
Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, Håvard O Skjerven, Kai-Håkon Carlsen
Electronic cigarettes (E-cig), also referred to as Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS), were initially developed in 2003 to reduce the harmful effects of tobacco smoking. Since then, E-cig have become widely available in many countries and are used by many young people who would be unlikely to take up cigarette smoking. However, the adverse effects on child health remain largely unknown. E-cigs are available through regulated sale in many countries, but easily accessible by the internet in others. Adverse effects may be ascribed to the nicotine itself, to the accompanying substances in the aerosol (often referred to as vapour) or to temperature modifications of the content...
February 10, 2018: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573440/do-electronic-cigarettes-have-a-role-in-tobacco-cessation
#13
Andrea S Franks, Karen Sando, Sarah McBane
Tobacco use continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Even with behavioral and pharmacologic treatment, long-term tobacco cessation rates are low. Electronic nicotine delivery systems, commonly referred to as electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes, are increasingly used for tobacco cessation. Because e-cigarettes are widely used in this setting, health care professionals need to know if they are safe and effective. The purpose of this article is to review literature regarding use of e-cigarettes as a tool for tobacco cessation in patients who are ready to quit, as well as those who are not ready to quit, along with some selected patient populations...
March 24, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570638/the-association-between-potential-exposure-to-magazine-ads-with-voluntary-health-warnings-and-the-perceived-harmfulness-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-ends
#14
Ce Shang, Scott R Weaver, Nahleen Zahra, Jidong Huang, Kai-Wen Cheng, Frank J Chaloupka
(1) Background: Several brands of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) carry voluntary health warning messages. This study examined how potential exposure to ENDS magazine ads with these voluntary health warnings were associated with the perceived harmfulness of ENDS. (2) Methods: Risk perception measures and self-reported exposure to ENDS ads were obtained from the 2014 Georgia State University (GSU) Tobacco Products and Risk Perceptions Survey of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. We examined the association between potential exposure to magazine ads with warnings and the perceived harms of ENDS relative to cigarettes, using binary logistic regressions and controlling for general ENDS ad exposure and socio-demographic characteristics...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555064/extreme-testing-of-undiluted-e-cigarette-aerosol-in-vitro-using-an-ames-air-agar-interface-technique
#15
D Thorne, M Hollings, A Seymour, J Adamson, A Dalrymple, M Ballantyne, M Gaca
There is a growing consensus that e-cigarettes hold the potential for reducing the harm associated with cigarette smoking. Recently published studies have reported in vitro testing of e-cigarettes, demonstrating reduced toxicological and biological effects. Few studies however have reported the use of e-cigarettes under extreme testing conditions. To assess the full mutagenic potential of a commercially available electronic-cigarette (Vype ePen), this study investigated the delivery of aerosol under extreme conditions, using a scaled-down 35 mm plate Ames bacterial reverse mutagenicity assay...
April 2018: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543786/exposure-to-electronic-cigarette-advertising-among-middle-and-high-school-students-united-states-2014-2016
#16
Kristy Marynak, Andrea Gentzke, Teresa W Wang, Linda Neff, Brian A King
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. middle and high school students (1). Exposure to e-cigarette advertisements is associated with higher odds of current e-cigarette use among middle and high school students (2-4). To assess patterns of self-reported exposure to four e-cigarette advertising sources (retail stores, the Internet, television, and newspapers and magazines), CDC analyzed data from the 2014, 2015, and 2016 National Youth Tobacco Surveys (NYTSs)...
March 16, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528527/prevalence-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-ends-use-among-youth-globally-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-country-level-data
#17
Sze Lin Yoong, Emily Stockings, Li Kheng Chai, Flora Tzelepis, John Wiggers, Christopher Oldmeadow, Christine Paul, Armando Peruga, Melanie Kingsland, John Attia, Luke Wolfenden
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and change in prevalence of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use in youth by country and combustible smoking status. METHODS: Databases and the grey literature were systematically searched to December 2015. Studies describing the prevalence of ENDS use in the general population aged ≤20 years in a defined geographical region were included. Where multiple estimates were available within countries, prevalence estimates of ENDS use were pooled for each country separately...
March 12, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527461/arguments-for-amending-smoke-free-legislation-in-u-s-states-to-restrict-use-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#18
Tiffany M Phan, Cezanne A Bianco, Dmitriy Nikitin, David S Timberlake
The uneven diffusion of local and state laws restricting the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) in the United States may be a function of inconclusive scientific evidence and lack of guidance from the federal government. The objective of this study was to assess whether the rationale for amending clean indoor air acts (CIAAs) is being conflated by issues that are not directly relevant to protecting the health of ENDS non-users. Online sources were used in identifying bills ( n  = 25) that were presented in U...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504085/electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-ends-battery-related-burns-presenting-to-us-emergency-departments-2016
#19
Catherine G Corey, Joanne T Chang, Brian L Rostron
BACKGROUND: Currently, an estimated 7.9 million US adults use electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Although published reports have identified fires and explosions related to use of ENDS since 2009, these reports do not provide national estimates of burn injuries associated with ENDS batteries in the US. FINDINGS: We analyzed nationally representative data provided in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) to estimate the number of US emergency department (ED) visits for burn injuries associated with ENDS batteries...
March 5, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491036/immunological-and-toxicological-risk-assessment-of-e-cigarettes
#20
REVIEW
Gagandeep Kaur, Rakeysha Pinkston, Benathel Mclemore, Waneene C Dorsey, Sanjay Batra
Knowledge of the long-term toxicological and immunological effects of e-cigarette (e-cig) aerosols remains elusive due to the relatively short existence of vaping. Therefore, we performed a systematic search of articles published in public databases and analysed the research evidence in order to provide critical information regarding e-cig safety. Electronic nicotine delivery systems (or e-cigs) are an alternative to traditional cigarettes for the delivery of nicotine and are typically filled with glycerol or propylene glycol-based solutions known as e-liquids...
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
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