keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Electronic nicotine delivery system

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139190/a-man-before-his-time-russell-s-insights-into-nicotine-smoking-treatment-and-curbing-the-smoking-problem
#1
Ann McNeill, Debbie Robson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This narrative review aimed to provide a brief overview of five key research 'classics' produced by the innovative and radical thought leader, Professor Michael Anthony Hamilton Russell (1932-2009), drawing upon his other work wherever feasible. METHODS: Narrative review. From more than 250 publications, we selected papers we considered seminal texts, published in 1971, 1976, 1978, 1979 and 1991. RESULTS: Russell was among the first researchers to explain that smoking was a dependence disorder caused by the drug nicotine decades before this was recognized formally...
November 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127080/a-naturalistic-randomized-pilot-trial-of-e-cigarettes-uptake-exposure-and-behavioral-effects
#2
Matthew Carpenter, Bryan W Heckman, Amy E Wahlquist, Theodore L Wagener, Maciej L Goniewicz, Kevin M Gray, Brett Froeliger, K Michael Cummings
Background Most studies of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) compare self-selected users vs. non-users. The few randomized studies to date generally support a positive impact on reducing smoking behavior, but these studies are focused on guided ENDS use. This study presents a randomized naturalistic trial of ENDS with prospective outcomes of uptake and behavioral changes in smoking. Methods Adult smokers with minimal ENDS history were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive product for 3 weeks (n=46), or not (n=22)...
November 10, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117720/examining-college-students-social-environment-normative-beliefs-and-attitudes-in-subsequent-initiation-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#3
Deepti Agarwal, Alexandra Loukas, Cheryl L Perry
BACKGROUND: Although use of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) is increasingly prevalent among young adults, little is known about predictors of ENDS initiation among this population. AIMS: We examined the roles of the social environment (i.e., peer ENDS use and household ENDS use), normative beliefs (i.e., social acceptability of ENDS use), and attitudes (i.e., inclination to date someone who uses ENDS) in prospectively predicting initiation of ENDS over a 1-year period among 18- to 29-year-old college students...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097588/the-impact-of-flavour-device-type-and-warning-messages-on-youth-preferences-for-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-evidence-from-an-online-discrete-choice-experiment
#4
Ce Shang, Jidong Huang, Frank J Chaloupka, Sherry L Emery
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of flavour, device type and health warning messages on youth preference for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and to provide evidence and data to inform the Food and Drug Administration's potential regulatory actions on ENDS. DESIGN: An online discrete choice experiment was conducted in September 2015. Each participant was given nine choice sets and asked to choose one out of two alternative ENDS products, with varying characteristics in three attributes (flavour, device type and warning message)...
November 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083287/the-impact-of-e-cigarettes-on-smoking-and-related-outcomes-in-veteran-smokers-with-psychiatric-comorbidity
#5
Gerald W Valentine, Kathryn Hefner, Peter I Jatlow, Robert A Rosenheck, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Mehmet Sofuoglu
OBJECTIVE: Compared to the general U.S. population, smokers with comorbid psychiatric and/or substance use disorders (SUD) have lower quit rates after evidence-based treatments, and disproportionately high smoking-related deaths. Improved modalities for reducing tobacco-related harm in this subpopulation are needed. Because electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) can now deliver physiologically relevant levels of nicotine to consumers, they represent an additional nicotine delivery system that could be used in cessation interventions...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069879/the-surgical-impact-of-e-cigarettes-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-current-literature
#6
Megan Fracol, Robert Dorfman, Lindsay Janes, Swati Kulkarni, Kevin Bethke, Nora Hansen, John Kim
We report a case of a 51 year old female with a 25 pack year smoking history who underwent bilateral mastectomy and immediate tissue expander reconstruction for newly diagnosed right breast cancer. The patient reported herself as a non-smoker despite significant e-cigarette use, with resulting significant mastectomy skin flap necrosis and breast reconstruction failure. Little is known about the physiologic effect of e-cigarettes on wound healing and tissue perfusion. To this end, we provide an updated review of the impact of e-cigarettes on surgical outcomes...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065204/the-role-of-nicotine-dependence-in-e-cigarettes-potential-for-smoking-reduction
#7
Arielle S Selya, Lisa Dierker, Jennifer S Rose, Donald Hedeker, Robin J Mermelstein
Introduction: E-cigarettes (Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems, or ENDS) are an increasingly popular tobacco product among youth. Some evidence suggests that e-cigarettes may be effective for harm reduction and smoking cessation, although these claims remain controversial. Little is known about how nicotine dependence may contribute to e-cigarettes' effectiveness in reducing or quitting conventional smoking. Methods: A cohort of young adults were surveyed over 4 years (approximately ages 19-23)...
July 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059443/availability-and-placement-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-at-the-point-of-sale
#8
Kimberly G Wagoner, Eunyoung Song, Jessica King, Kathleen L Egan, Beata Debinski, Mark Wolfson, John Spangler, Erin L Sutfin
Introduction: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are widely available and come in a variety of forms, including disposable cigalikes and refillable tank systems. However, little is known about their placement at the point-of-sale. We explored the placement of various ENDS types among tobacco retailers. Methods: Systematic assessments at the point-of-sale were completed by trained data collectors in 90 tobacco retailers, including grocery stores, convenience stores, and pharmacies in North Carolina, U...
September 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961314/key-issues-surrounding-the-health-impacts-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-ends-and-other-sources-of-nicotine
#9
REVIEW
Jeffrey Drope, Zachary Cahn, Rosemary Kennedy, Alex C Liber, Michal Stoklosa, Rosemarie Henson, Clifford E Douglas, Jacqui Drope
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Over the last decade, the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), including the electronic cigarette or e-cigarette, has grown rapidly. More youth now use ENDS than any tobacco product. This extensive research review shows that there are scientifically sound, sometimes competing arguments about ENDS that are not immediately and/or completely resolvable. However, the preponderance of the scientific evidence to date suggests that current-generation ENDS products are demonstrably less harmful than combustible tobacco products such as conventional cigarettes in several key ways, including by generating far lower levels of carcinogens and other toxic compounds than combustible products or those that contain tobacco...
November 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932027/influence-of-legislations-and-news-on-indian-internet-search-query-patterns-of-e-cigarettes
#10
Rooban Thavarajah, Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Kannan Ranganathan, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) in India. In addition, the Indian internet search pattern for ENDS has not been studied. We aimed to address this lacuna. Moreover, the influence of the tobacco legislations and news pieces on such search volume is not known. Given the fact that ENDS could cause oral lesions, these data are pertinent to dentists. METHODS: Using a time series analysis, we examined the effect of tobacco-related legislations and news pieces on total search volume (TSV) from September 1, 2012, to August 31, 2016...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928312/getting-real-with-the-upcoming-challenge-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-the-way-forward-for-the-south-east-asia-region
#11
REVIEW
Jagdish Kaur, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are being marketed to tobacco smokers for use in places where smoking is not allowed or as aids similar to pharmaceutical nicotine products to help cigarette smokers quit tobacco use. These are often flavored to make them more attractive for youth - ENDS use may lead young nonsmokers to take up tobacco products. Neither safety nor efficacy as a cessation aid of ENDS has been scientifically demonstrated. The adverse health effects of secondhand aerosol cannot be ruled out...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892771/exclusive-e-cigarette-use-predicts-cigarette-initiation-among-college-students
#12
Alexandra Loukas, C Nathan Marti, Maria Cooper, Keryn E Pasch, Cheryl L Perry
INTRODUCTION: An increasing body of research indicates that use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) predicts cigarette initiation. However, no studies examine if risk for cigarette initiation varies for exclusive ENDS users versus users of ENDS and other tobacco products. This study examined if: a) cigarette-naïve young adults (i.e., never cigarette users) who ever used ENDS had a greater odds of initiating cigarettes than non-ENDS users over a 1.5year period and b) the odds of cigarette initiation was consistent across exclusive ENDS users and users of ENDS and at least one tobacco product...
January 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880788/use-of-nicotine-in-electronic-nicotine-and-non-nicotine-delivery-systems-by-us-adults-2015
#13
Scott R Weaver, Catherine B Kemp, J Wesley Heath, Terry F Pechacek, Michael P Eriksen
Nicotine in electronic nicotine and non-nicotine delivery systems (ENDS/ENNDS) may present a risk of harm to those with cardiovascular disease and the fetuses of pregnant women. We assessed the extent to which adult users of ENDS/ENNDS used these products with nicotine. We obtained data for this study from a national probability survey of 6051 US adults that was conducted in August and September 2015. Of 399 adult ENDS/ENNDS users who were current smokers, 337 (80.7%) used ENDS/ENNDS containing nicotine, whereas only 29 of 71 (36...
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819633/clinical-laboratory-evaluation-of-electronic-cigarettes-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-methodological-challenges
#14
Melissa D Blank, Alison B Breland, Caroline O Cobb, Tory Spindle, Carolina Ramôa, Thomas Eissenberg
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating electronic cigarettes (ECIGs) in the clinical laboratory is critical to understanding their effects. However, laboratory evaluation of ECIGs can be challenging, as they are a novel, varied, and evolving class of products. The objective of this paper is to describe some methodological challenges to the clinical laboratory evaluation of ECIGs. METHODS: The authors gathered information about challenges involved in the laboratory evaluation of ECIGs...
October 2016: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817864/tobacco-cessation-strategies-it-takes-a-village
#15
Debbie Anne Chiu Qua
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death and chronic diseases in the U.S. Identifying smokers and providing appropriate intervention is therefore an integral part of each clinic visit. A combination of pharmacotherapy as well as behavioral counseling provides the best results. Pharmacotherapy includes nicotine replacement (patch, gum, lozenges), bupropion and varenicline. More recently, electronic nicotinic delivery systems (such as e-cigarettes, vaporizers/vape pens, and hookah pens) have become popular...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777675/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-e-cigarette-vape-use-and-co-occurring-health-risk-behaviors-among-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-young-adults
#16
H Isabella Lanza, Heather Teeter
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS; i.e., e-cigarette/vape) use has grown exponentially in the past few years. College students present a particularly vulnerable group for ENDS use. The current study sought to expand the literature by examining the context in which college students use ENDS, co-occurring health risks beyond traditional tobacco use, and the role of ethnicity in ENDS use. METHODS: Health-risk behavior survey data was collected from 452 undergraduates attending a large, public urban university during the 2015-2016 academic year...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756728/innovative-approaches-to-support-smoking-cessation-for-individuals-with-mental-illness-and-co-occurring-substance-use-disorders
#17
Smita Das, Judith J Prochaska
Tobacco remains the leading preventable cause of death in the US, accounting for over 520,000 deaths annually. While the smoking prevalence has declined over the past 50 years, those with mental illness and addictive disorders continue to smoke at high levels and with significant tobacco-related health problems. Areas covered: This review highlights the epidemiology, contributing factors, and evidence-base for intervening upon tobacco use in those with mental illness and addictive disorders. Historically underprioritized, a growing body of literature supports treating tobacco within mental health and addiction treatment settings...
August 9, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686988/prevalence-correlates-comorbidity-and-treatment-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-use-in-the-united-states
#18
S Patricia Chou, Tulshi D Saha, Haitao Zhang, W June Ruan, Boji Huang, Bridget F Grant, Carlos Blanco, Wilson Compton
INTRODUCTION: This study presents nationally representative data on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity and treatment (including pharmacological and nonpharmacological) among electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) users. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: Prevalences of 12-month and lifetime ENDS use were 3.8% (SE=0.14) and 5.4% (SE=0.17)...
June 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678400/nicotine-vapor-method-to-induce-nicotine-dependence-in-rodents
#19
Marsida Kallupi, Olivier George
Nicotine, the main addictive component of tobacco, induces potentiation of brain stimulation reward, increases locomotor activity, and induces conditioned place preference. Nicotine cessation produces a withdrawal syndrome that can be relieved by nicotine replacement therapy. In the last decade, the market for electronic cigarettes has flourished, especially among adolescents. The nicotine vaporizer or electronic nicotine delivery system is a battery-operated device that allows the user to simulate the experience of tobacco smoking without inhaling smoke...
July 5, 2017: Current Protocols in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653023/electronic-cigarette-expectancies-in-smokers-with-psychological-distress
#20
Mollie E Miller, Jennifer W Tidey, Damaris J Rohsenow, Stephen T Higgins
OBJECTIVES: Very few studies have evaluated perceptions of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) among smokers with mental illness. This study assessed expectancies about the effects of smoking combustible cigarettes or using ENDS among current smokers with and without severe psychological distress (SPD). METHODS: We used a crowdsourcing system to survey 268 smokers on their expectancies for the effects of combustible cigarettes and ENDS. Positive expectancies assessed included negative affect reduction, stimulation, positive social effects and weight control, and negative expectancies included negative physical effects, negative psychosocial effects and future health concerns...
January 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
keyword
keyword
61350
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"