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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245124/bisphenol-and-phthalate-concentrations-and-its-determinants-among-pregnant-women-in-a-population-based-cohort-in-the-netherlands-2004-5
#1
Elise M Philips, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Alexandros G Asimakopoulos, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Eric A P Steegers, Susana Santos, Leonardo Trasande
BACKGROUND: Exposure to bisphenols and phthalates in pregnancy may lead to adverse health effects in women themselves and their offspring. OBJECTIVE: To describe first trimester bisphenol and phthalate urine concentrations, including bisphenol and phthalate replacements, and determine nutritional, socio-demographic and lifestyle related determinants. METHODS: In a population-based prospective cohort of 1396 mothers, we measured first trimester bisphenol, phthalate and creatinine urine concentrations (samples collected in 2004-2005, median gestational age 12...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241578/polymorphisms-in-the-leptin-rs7799039-gene-are-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-but-not-with-leptin-concentration-during-pregnancy
#2
Maisa Cruz Martins, Janet Trujillo, Dayana Rodrigues Farias, Gilberto Kac
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in leptin (LEP) and leptin receptor (LEPR) have been shown to be linked to obesity-related metabolic markers and phenotype. Therefore, we hypothesized that the LEP-rs7799039 and LEPR-rs1137101 SNPs are related to the risk of pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2) as well as to excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and high concentrations of leptin throughout pregnancy. We investigated a prospective cohort of 147 Brazilian pregnant women through weeks 5-13, 20-26, and 30-36 of gestation...
November 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239056/association-of-body-mass-index-and-weight-gain-patterns-with-albumin-excretion-in-pregnancy
#3
Özlem B Tulmaç, Zeynep Ö Dağ, Funda Erdoğan, Cemile D Sayan, Nevin Sağsöz
AIM: We examined body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) patterns of pregnant women and investigated the impact of these factors on the urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) during pregnancy. METHODS: The data of 163 women whose basal BMI and ACR were measured during the first trimester were used in this study. Body weight alone between 12-16 weeks and body weight together with ACR after 37 weeks of gestation were measured. RESULTS: Overall, 46% of women were overweight or obese, 60...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236917/a-novel-body-mass-index-reference-range-an-observational-study
#4
Sirlei Siani Morais, Mirena Ide, Andrea Moreno Morgan, Fernanda Garanhani Surita
OBJECTIVE: To generate a new body mass index curve of reference values and ranges for body mass index and weight gain during pregnancy and to compare the new curve and weight gain ranges with the currently used references. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted with a total of 5,656 weight and body mass index measurements in 641 women with single pregnancy who attended their first prenatal visit before 12 weeks. All the women were over 18 years old and had no medical conditions that would influence body mass index...
November 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230623/depression-and-anxiety-lack-of-associations-with-an-inadequate-diet-in-a-sample-of-pregnant-women-with-a-history-of-bariatric-surgery-a-multicenter-prospective-controlled-cohort-study
#5
Goele Jans, Christophe Matthys, Annick Bogaerts, Lieveke Ameye, Frank Delaere, Kristien Roelens, Anne Loccufier, Hilde Logghe, Ben De Becker, Johan Verhaeghe, Roland Devlieger
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression levels are higher in obese compared to those in normal weight pregnant women. The aims of this study are to examine anxiety and depression in pregnancy following bariatric surgery and to compare with obese pregnant controls considering the dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), folate, and vitamin B12. METHODS: Anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) and depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) were examined in the first (T1) and third (T3) pregnancy trimester in 54 women with bariatric surgery and 25 obese...
December 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230355/relationships-between-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-gestational-weight-gain-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-sample-of-us-pregnant-women
#6
Karthik W Rohatgi, Rachel A Tinius, W Todd Cade, Euridice Martínez Steele, Alison G Cahill, Diana C Parra
Background: An increasingly large share of diet comes from ultra-processed foods (UPFs), which are assemblages of food substances designed to create durable, convenient and palatable ready-to-eat products. There is increasing evidence that high UPF consumption is indicative of poor diet and is associated with obesity and metabolic disorders. This study sought to examine the relationship between percent of energy intake from ultra-processed foods (PEI-UPF) during pregnancy and maternal gestational weight gain, maternal lipids and glycemia, and neonatal body composition...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225676/association-between-insulin-resistance-and-preeclampsia-in-obese-non-diabetic-women-receiving-metformin
#7
Jyoti Balani, Steve Hyer, Argyro Syngelaki, Ranjit Akolekar, Kypros H Nicolaides, Antoinette Johnson, Hassan Shehata
Objectives: To examine whether the reduced incidence of preeclampsia in non-diabetic obese pregnant women treated with metformin is mediated by changes in insulin resistance. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of obese pregnant women in a randomised trial (MOP trial). Fasting plasma glucose and insulin were measured in 384 of the 400 women who participated in the MOP trial. Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was compared in the metformin and placebo groups and in those that developed preeclampsia versus those that did not develop preeclampsia...
December 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222899/prevalence-and-determinants-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-among-non-pregnant-women-of-reproductive-age-in-pakistan
#8
Muhammad Atif Habib, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Sidrah Nausheen, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency Anemia (IDA) in women of reproductive age is a recognized public health concern that impairs health and well-being in women and is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes. In Pakistan there is a dearth of up-to-date information on the prevalence and predictors of IDA. This study sought to investigate IDA in Pakistani women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis was performed using the National Nutrition Survey in Pakistan 2011- 2012...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221671/population-based-risk-factors-for-shoulder-dystocia
#9
Palmira Santos, Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Grant Ritter, Jennifer Darden, Cassandra Firneno, Ann Hendrich
OBJECTIVE: To re-examine the risk factors for shoulder dystocia given the increasing rates of obesity and diabetes in pregnant women. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Five hospitals located in Wisconsin, Florida, Maryland, Michigan, and Alabama. PARTICIPANTS: We evaluated 19,236 births that occurred between April 1, 2011, and July 25, 2013. METHODS: Data were collected from electronic medical records and used to evaluate the risk of shoulder dystocia...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220483/prenatal-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-disrupts-naturally-occurring-bimodal-dna-methylation-at-proximal-promoter-of-fggy-an-obesity-relevant-gene-encoding-a-carbohydrate-kinase-in-gonadal-white-adipose-tissues-of-cd-1-mice
#10
Julia A Taylor, Keiko Shioda, Shino Mitsunaga, Shiomi Yawata, Brittany M Angle, Susan C Nagel, Frederick S Vom Saal, Toshi Shioda
Exposure of mammalian fetuses to endocrine disruptors can increase the risk of adult-onset diseases. For example, we previously showed that exposure of mouse fetuses to bisphenol A (BPA) caused adult-onset obesity. To obtain insights into roles of epigenetic changes in the delayed toxic effects of endocrine disruption, we determined effects of fetal mouse exposure to BPA on genome-wide DNA methylation and mRNA expression in gonadal white adipose tissues by deep sequencing (MBD-seq and RNA-seq), bisulfite pyrosequencing, and real-time qPCR...
December 6, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214811/rural-urban-disparities-in-obesity-prevalence-among-working-age-adults-in-the-united-states-exploring-the-mechanisms
#11
Ming Wen, Jessie X Fan, Lori Kowaleski-Jones, Neng Wan
PURPOSE: Higher prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in rural America have been consistently reported, but sources of these disparities are not well known. This study presented patterns and mechanisms of these disparities among working age Americans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: United States of America. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 10 302 participants of the 2003-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) who were 20 to 64 years old, not pregnant, and with a body mass index ranging from 18...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214155/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-technology-based-approach-for-preventing-excess-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-among-women-with-overweight
#12
Ariana M Chao, Sindhu K Srinivas, Stacia K Studt, Lisa K Diewald, David B Sarwer, Kelly C Allison
Objective: Overweight/obesity and excess weight gain during pregnancy are associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Few interventions have been effective in limiting gestational weight gain among women with overweight or obesity. This pilot, randomized clinical trial compared treatment as usual (TAU) to a lifestyle modification program delivered via phone for the prevention of excess gestational weight gain in women who had overweight or obesity. Methods: Participants included 41 pregnant women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 (mean age = 28...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214042/maternal-weight-in-the-postpartum-results-from-the-delta-healthy-sprouts-trial
#13
Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Jessica L Thomson, Nefertiti OjiNjideka Hemphill, Melissa H Goodman, Alicia S Landry
Background: Excessive postnatal weight retention may pose a threat to a woman's health and future pregnancies. Women in the Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD) region of Mississippi suffer from among the highest rates of obesity in the U.S. and are more likely to gain an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine if LMD women who received a lifestyle enhanced maternal, infant, and early childhood home visiting (MIECHV) curriculum had more favorable weight outcomes through 12-months postpartum compared to women who received a standard MIECHV curriculum...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211781/blood-pressure-patterns-and-body-mass-index-status-in-pregnancy-an-assessment-among-women-reporting-for-antenatal-care-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-ghana
#14
Mary Amoakoh-Coleman, Deda Ogum-Alangea, Emefa Modey-Amoah, Michael Yao Ntumy, Richard M Adanu, Samuel A Oppong
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity in pregnancy has been linked with increased risk of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). In some tertiary referral hospitals in Ghana, PIH is the leading cause of institutional maternal mortality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate blood pressure changes during pregnancy amongst different body mass index (BMI) groups and how this relates to the risk of developing PIH. METHODS: Women who had a dating ultrasound before 20 weeks gestation and registering for antenatal care at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra, between February and December 2013 and met the inclusion criteria were recruited into a cohort study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211491/complications-and-care-related-to-pregnancy-labor-and-delivery-among-active-component-service-women-u-s-armed-forces-2012-2016
#15
Shauna Stahlman, Catherine T Witkop, Leslie L Clark, Stephen B Taubman
Diagnoses of "complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium" include both morbid complications and indications for routine care of pregnant women. During 2012-2016, a total of 55,601 U.S. service members with live births (n=63,879) had 657,060 medical encounters with primary diagnoses of "pregnancy complications." The most frequent diagnoses were "other" specified conditions complicating pregnancy, childbirth, or the puerperium. Numbers of medical encounters with a primary (first-listed) diagnosis of any pregnancy-related complication or indication for care decreased marginally each year between 2012 (n=178,703) and 2016 (n=146,282)...
November 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208071/economic-policy-and-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-cross-national-longitudinal-analysis-of-minimum-wage-and-women-s-underweight-and-obesity
#16
Annalijn I Conklin, Ninez A Ponce, Catherine M Crespi, John Frank, Arijit Nandi, Jody Heymann
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in minimum wage associated with changes in women's weight status. DESIGN: Longitudinal study of legislated minimum wage levels (per month, purchasing power parity-adjusted, 2011 constant US dollar values) linked to anthropometric and sociodemographic data from multiple Demographic and Health Surveys (2000-2014). Separate multilevel models estimated associations of a $10 increase in monthly minimum wage with the rate of change in underweight and obesity, conditioning on individual and country confounders...
December 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204137/microbial-mechanistic-insight-into-the-role-of-inulin-in-improving-maternal-health-in-a-pregnant-sow-model
#17
Pan Zhou, Yang Zhao, Pan Zhang, Yan Li, Taotao Gui, Jun Wang, Chao Jin, Lianqiang Che, Jian Li, Yan Lin, Shengyu Xu, Bin Feng, Zhengfeng Fang, De Wu
General consumption of "western diet" characterized by high refined carbohydrates, fat and energy intake has resulted in a global obesity epidemics and related metabolic disturbance even for pregnant women. Pregnancy process is accompanied by substantial hormonal, metabolic and immunological changes during which gut microbiota is also remarkably remodeled. Dietary fiber has been demonstrated to have a striking role in shifting the microbial composition so as to improve host metabolism and health in non-pregnant individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202779/correlates-of-poor-mental-health-in-early-pregnancy-in-obese-european-women
#18
Matteo C Sattler, Judith G M Jelsma, Annick Bogaerts, David Simmons, Gernot Desoye, Rosa Corcoy, Juan M Adelantado, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Jürgen Harreiter, Frans A van Assche, Roland Devlieger, Goele Jans, Sander Galjaard, David Hill, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Agnieszka Zawiejska, Kinga Blumska, Annunziata Lapolla, Maria G Dalfrà, Alessandra Bertolotto, Fidelma Dunne, Dorte M Jensen, Lise Lotte T Andersen, Frank J Snoek, Mireille N M van Poppel
BACKGROUND: Depression during pregnancy is associated with higher maternal morbidity and mortality, and subsequent possible adverse effects on the cognitive, emotional and behavioral development of the child. The aim of the study was to identify maternal characteristics associated with poor mental health, in a group of overweight/obese pregnant women in nine European countries, and thus, to contribute to better recognition and intervention for maternal depression. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study, baseline data from early pregnancy (< 20 weeks) of the DALI (Vitamin D and Lifestyle Intervention for gestational diabetes mellitus prevention) study were analyzed...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199407/adipokines-and-insulin-resistance-according-to-characteristics-of-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Eon Ju Jeon, Seong Yeon Hong, Ji Hyun Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate adipokines concentration and insulin resistance according to maternal age or obesity at pregnancy and weight change at diagnosed gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in pregnant women with GDM. METHODS: This study included 57 pregnant women who were diagnosed with GDM at 24 to 28 weeks of gestation. The subjects were classified into two or three groups according to pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI, <25 kg/m² vs...
November 15, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197154/risk-factors-for-serious-outcomes-associated-with-influenza-illness-in-high-versus-low-and-middle-income-countries-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Brenda L Coleman, Shaza A Fadel, Tiffany Fitzpatrick, Sera-Melisa Thomas
AIM: To determine factors associated with a serious outcome (hospital admission or severe outcome: critical care or death) and associated with illness caused by laboratory-confirmed influenza, with a specific interest in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). METHOD: Databases were searched on 11 March 2016 for reports of influenza and factors associated with mortality or morbidity in humans, with no language restrictions. Pooled risks were estimated using random-effects models...
December 2, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
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