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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918399/inactivated-influenza-vaccination-in-first-trimester-does-not-appear-to-increase-risk-of-birth-defects
#1
Annette Regan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918341/is-first-trimester-hba1c-useful-in-the-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes
#2
David Benaiges, Juana A Flores-Le Roux, Irene Marcelo, Laura Mañé, Marta Rodríguez, Xavier Navarro, Juan J Chillarón, Gemma Llauradó, Lucia Gortazar, Juan Pedro-Botet, Antonio Payà
AIMS: To evaluate the usefulness and efficacy of first-trimester HbA1c in the diagnosis of gestational diabetes (GDM). METHODS: Prospective observational of consecutive pregnant women. All women had a first-trimester HbA1c determination and GDM screening at 24-28weeks of pregnancy using a two-step approach. A ROC curve was drawn to determine the sensitivity and specificity of HbA1c in detecting GDM and a rule-in rule-out diagnostic algorithm was proposed. The cost of the proposed algorithm was calculated...
August 30, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916485/moderate-intravenous-sedation-for-first-trimester-surgical-abortion-a-comparison-of-adverse-outcomes-between-obese-and-normal-weight-women
#3
Gillian Horwitz, Danielle Roncari, Kari Braaten, Rie Maurer, Jennifer Fortin, Alisa B Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine if obese women experience increased rates of adverse outcomes with moderate intravenous sedation during first trimester surgical abortion compared to normal weight women. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all first trimester surgical abortions with moderate intravenous sedation at an outpatient facility between September 2010 and June 2015. The primary outcome was supplemental oxygen administration. Secondary outcomes included reversal agent administration, anesthesia-related adverse events, and intraoperative lowest level of consciousness (LLOC)...
September 13, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915448/the-composition-of-the-vaginal-microbiome-in-first-trimester-pregnant-women-influences-the-level-of-autophagy-and-stress-in-vaginal-epithelial-cells
#4
Dimitrios Nasioudis, Larry J Forney, G Maria Schneider, Karol Gliniewicz, Michael T France, Allison Boester, Mio Sawai, Jessica Scholl, Steven S Witkin
Epithelial cells lining the vagina are major components of genital tract immunity. The influence of the vaginal microbiome on properties of host epithelial cells is largely unexplored. We evaluated whether differences in the most abundant lactobacilli species or bacterial genera in the vagina of first trimester pregnant women were associated with variations in the extent of stress and autophagy in vaginal epithelial cells. Vaginal swabs from 154 first trimester pregnant women were analyzed for bacterial composition by amplification and sequencing of the V1-V3 region of bacterial 16S rRNA genes...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915119/cytogenetic-analysis-in-fetuses-with-late-onset-abnormal-sonographic-findings
#5
Ron Bardin, Eran Hadar, Lylach Haizler-Cohen, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv, Israel Meizner, Sarit Kahana, Josepha Yeshaya, Shiri Yacobson, Lital Cohen-Vig, Ifaat Agmon-Fishman, Lina Basel-Vanagaite, Idit Maya
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of chromosomal cytogenetic abnormalities in fetuses with late onset abnormal sonographic findings. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort of women who underwent amniocentesis at or beyond 23 weeks of gestation, for fetal karyotype and chromosomal microarray analysis, indicated due to late onset abnormal sonographic findings. RESULTS: All 103 fetuses had a normal karyotype. Ninety-five women also had chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) performed...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913776/interactions-of-antisera-to-different-chlamydia-and-chlamydophila-species-with-the-ribosomal-protein-rps27a-correlate-with-impaired-protein-synthesis-in-a-human-choroid-plexus-papilloma-cell-line
#6
Abdullah Almamy, Christian Schwerk, Horst Schroten, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Abdul Rahman Asif, Bernhard Reuss
Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and the Chlamydophila species (CS) Chlamydophila pneumoniae (CPn), and Chlamydophila psittaci (CPs) are suggested to induce autoantibodies causative of several human autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of the present study was therefore to identify cellular protein interaction partners with antisera to CT (α-CT) or CS (α-CS) and to identify functional consequences of such interaction in vitro. As detected with a commercial first trimester human prenatal brain multiprotein array (hEXselect, Engine, Germany), the most frequent interaction partner with both α-CT and α-CS was the ribosomal small subunit protein RPS27a...
September 14, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913714/high-transient-colonization-by-pneumocystis-jirovecii-between-mothers-and-newborn
#7
Cristian Vera, Yudy A Aguilar, Lázaro A Vélez, Zulma Vanessa Rueda
The aim of the study was to explore the frequency and dynamics of acquisition and colonization of Pneumocystis jirovecii among neonates, as well as the epidemiological and genotypic characteristics in mother-child binomial. In a prospective enrolled cohort of women in their third trimester of pregnancy, nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS) and clinical and epidemiological data were collected at four different times: 17 days, 2nd, 4th, and 6th month of life of the newborn. P. jirovecii was detected by nested-PCR for the mtLSU-rRNA gene in each NPS; the genotypes were determined amplifying four genes...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913131/the-significance-of-reverse-flow-in-ductus-venosus-between-sixteen-and-twenty-weeks-gestation
#8
Gökhan Karakoç, And Yavuz, Serenat Eriş Yalçın, Mehmet Özgür Akkurt, Nuri Danışman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between reversed a-wave in ductus venosus at 16-20 weeks' gestation and trisomy 21 and adverse perinatal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 174 pregnant women who were under follow-up at a tertiary center between May and September 2010. Ductus venosus Doppler (DVD) measurements were obtained throughout the 6-month period from women who underwent amniocentesis procedures due to increased risk for trisomy 21 in terms of first or second trimester screening test results...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911763/early-antenatal-care-visit-a-systematic-analysis-of-regional-and-global-levels-and-trends-of-coverage-from-1990-to-2013
#9
Ann-Beth Moller, Max Petzold, Doris Chou, Lale Say
BACKGROUND: The timing of the first antenatal care visit is paramount for ensuring optimal health outcomes for women and children, and it is recommended that all pregnant women initiate antenatal care in the first trimester of pregnancy (early antenatal care visit). Systematic global analysis of early antenatal care visits has not been done previously. This study reports on regional and global estimates of the coverage of early antenatal care visits from 1990 to 2013. METHODS: Data were obtained from nationally representative surveys and national health information systems...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904499/does-first-serum-beta-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-value-prognosticate-the-early-pregnancy-outcome-in-an-in-vitro-fertilisation-cycle
#10
Nikita Naredi, S K Singh, Rajesh Sharma
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies achieved through in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) are associated with adverse first trimester outcomes in comparison to spontaneously achieved pregnancies. In view of this, it is imperative to predict the success as well as prognosticate the pregnancy outcome of an IVF cycle not only for the clinicians but also the couples undergoing IVF. Serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) value has, thus, been used as a biomarker for pregnancy outcome after IVF and also an aid in counselling and management of the patient...
April 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902692/the-association-between-maternal-exposure-to-pollutant-particulate-matter-2-5-and-neonatal-congenital-heart-defects-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Katie C Hall, Jennifer C Robinson
The objective of this review is to identify if there is an association between maternal exposure to pollutant particulate matter 2.5 during the first trimester of pregnancy and neonatal congenital heart defects within the first year of life.
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902264/intimate-partner-violence-as-a-predictor-of-antenatal-care-service-utilization-in-honduras
#12
Anne K Sebert Kuhlmann, Janine Foggia, Qiang Fu, Manuel Sierra
Objective: To describe the relationship between exposure to physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) and indicators of antenatal care (ANC) service utilization among Honduran women of reproductive age. Methods: Data from the 2011-2012 Honduras Demographic and Health Survey were analyzed to describe the relationship between self-reported exposure to IPV and two ANC outcomes: (1) sufficient ANC visits (defined by the Honduran Ministry of Health as five or more visits) and (2) early ANC initiation (within the first trimester)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901633/response-to-mortazavi-s-comment
#13
Bellieni Carlo Valerio, Giuseppe Buonocore
Mortazavi's comment (1) on our letter (2) on whether electromagnetic fields (EMF) in incubators are a risk factor for autism contains several points that need to be corrected. First, we did not base our observations just on our previous papers as Mortazavi maintains. In fact, our observations were also based on several more papers about EMF in incubators, including the paper by Calvente et al, which was published in 2017 (3). Second, it is incorrect to write that a very simple intervention, such as changing the infants' sleep position, namely the position of the head and feet, can lead to a significant drop, as big as several orders of magnitude, in the infant's brain exposure (1), because in most incubators EMF levels are similar at all points of the mattress...
September 13, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901214/total-dose-iron-dextran-infusion-versus-oral-iron-for-treating-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-pregnant-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
A M Darwish, E E Khalifa, E Rashad, E Farghally
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of total dose infusion (TDI) of low molecular weight (LMW) iron dextran for treatment of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) during pregnancy in comparison to oral ferrous fumarate. DESIGN: Prospective interventional randomized controlled trial (RCT). Design classification. Canadian Task Force II3. SETTING: Antenatal clinic and causality unit of a tertiary care referral facility and University Hospital...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898944/associations-between-urinary-total-arsenic-levels-fetal-development-and-neonatal-birth-outcomes-a-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#15
Kai-Wei Liao, Chia-Huang Chang, Ming-Song Tsai, Ling-Chu Chien, Ming-Yi Chung, I-Fang Mao, Yen-An Tsai, Mei-Lien Chen
BACKGROUND: Arsenic exposure is a global health concern. Several studies have focused on chronic arsenic exposure in adults; however, limited data are available regarding the potential adverse effects of prenatal exposure on fetuses and neonates. OBJECTIVES: To assess which time point maternal arsenic exposure may influence the fetus during pregnancy and birth outcomes. METHODS: In this study, total arsenic concentrations were analyzed in urine samples collected from 130 women with singleton pregnancies (22-45years old) in Taiwan from March to December of 2010...
September 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895368/gestational-lower-limb-edema-and-venous-reflux-in-healthy-primigravidae
#16
Leandro A Gardenghi, Nei R Dezotti, Marcelo B Dalio, Edwaldo E Joviliano, Carlos E Piccinato
BACKGROUND: Analyze the association of lower limb edema with venous reflux in healthy primigravidae during pregnancy and in the postpartum. METHODS: Cohort with primigravidae evaluated in the three trimesters of pregnancy and postpartum. Edema was assessed by physical examination. Duplex evaluated venous reflux in both limbs. RESULTS: In the first trimester, no woman presented edema or venous reflux. In the second trimester, venous reflux was found in one patient (5%) and edema was found in four women (20%)...
September 11, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893342/associations-between-bottle-feeding-intensity-and-maternal-encouragement-of-bottle-emptying
#17
Alison K Ventura, Patsy Garcia, Andrew A Schaffner
OBJECTIVE: To explore longitudinal associations between bottle-feeding and maternal encouragement of infant bottle-emptying during the first 6 months of infancy. DESIGN: Mothers completed questionnaires during the third trimester of pregnancy, then monthly during the first 6 months postpartum. Questionnaires assessed family demographics, maternal and infant weight status, infant feeding patterns and maternal encouragement of infant bottle-emptying. SETTING: The Infant Feeding Practices Study 2, conducted by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration...
September 12, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893222/quality-of-antenatal-care-services-and-completion-of-four-or-more-antenatal-care-visits-in-ethiopia-a-finding-based-on-a-demographic-and-health-survey
#18
Kindie Fentahun Muchie
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) is one of the core interventions for improving maternal outcomes. The average annual decline of maternal mortality rate from 1990 to 2013 was 5% in Ethiopia. This figure was below the least expected 5.5% to achieve the targeted 75% by 1990-2015. Moreover, completion of the recommended four or more ANC visits was only 32%. This study was aimed to examine individual, household and community level potential determinants of completing the recommended visits in the country...
September 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892984/thoracoscopic-diaphragmatic-plication-for-eventration-in-pregnant-woman-a-case-report
#19
J S Rajkumar, Deepa Ganesh, Anirudh Rajkumar, Akbar Syed, Venkatesan Guru
Diaphragmatic eventration is an uncommon malady, underdiagnosed and often treated only in emergent situations. Eventration of the diaphragm is best treated by plication of diaphragm with or without meshplasty. Various studies have shown that thoracoscopic plication is as efficient as laparotomy or laparoscopic plication. We present here the report of thoracoscopic diaphragmatic plication for eventration performed in the third trimester of pregnancy in a 28-year-old woman who presented with acute respiratory distress...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892972/renal-synovial-sarcoma-in-a-young-pregnant-lady-a-case-report-and-clinico-pathological-profile
#20
Gregory Pathrose, Nirmal Thampi John, Pradeep Hariharan
Synovial sarcoma is a soft tissue neoplasm with clearly defined histologic, immunohistochemical and molecular features. These tumours usually arise in the extremities of young adults. Their occurrence in the kidney is extremely rare. A 25-year-old pregnant lady in her first trimester was incidentally found to have a left renal mass on perinatal ultrasonography. MRI showed a well encapsulated, heterointense mass replacing the left kidney. Following medical termination of her pregnancy, a radical nephrectomy was performed...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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