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Advanced wound care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683538/effectiveness-of-viable-cryopreserved-placental-membranes-for-management-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-in-a-real-world-setting
#1
Katherine M Raspovic, Dane K Wukich, Daniel Q Naiman, Lawrence A Lavery, Robert S Kirsner, Paul J Kim, John S Steinberg, Christopher E Attinger, Alla Danilkovitch
In a multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT), the use of viable cryopreserved placental membrane (vCPM) for chronic diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) resulted in a higher proportion of wound closure in comparison to good wound care: 62% vs. 21% (p < 0.01). However, patients in RCTs are not representative of daily physician practice. Healthcare databases serve as a valuable tool to evaluate therapy effectiveness and to supplement evidence from RCTs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of vCPM for DFU management using Net Health's WoundExpert® electronic health records (EHR)...
April 23, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673841/electrospun-silk-fibroin-fibers-for-storage-and-controlled-release-of-human-platelet-lysate
#2
Cataldo Pignatelli, Giovanni Perotto, Marta Nardini, Ranieri Cancedda, Maddalena Mastrogiacomo, Athanassia Athanassiou
Human platelet lysate (hPL) is a pool of growth factors and cytokines able to induce regeneration of different tissues. Despite its good potentiality as therapeutic tool for regenerative medicine applications, hPL has been only moderately exploited in this field. A more widespread adoption has been limited because of its rapid degradation at room temperature that decreases its functionality. Another limiting factor for its extensive use is the difficulty of handling the hPL gels. In this work, silk fibroin-based patches were developed to address several points: improving the handling of hPL, enabling their delivery in a controlled manner and facilitating their storage by creating a device ready to use with expanded shelf life...
April 16, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660181/descriptive-versus-mechanistic-scientific-approach-to-study-wound-healing-and-its-inhibition-is-there-a-value-of-translational-research-involving-human-subjects
#3
REVIEW
Irena Pastar, Lulu Lu Wong, Andjela N Egger, Marjana Tomic-Canic
The clinical field of wound healing is challenged by numerous hurdles. Not only are wound healing disorders complex and multifactorial, but the corresponding patient population is diverse, often elderly and burdened by multiple comorbidities such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc. The care of such patients requires a dedicated, multi-disciplinary team of physicians, surgeons, nurses, and scientists. In spite of the critical clinical need, it has been over 15 years since a treatment received approval for efficacy by the FDA in the United States...
April 16, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652610/combination-therapy-comprising-a-static-magnetic-field-with-contractility-improves-skin-wounds
#4
Byeong-Wook Song, Hyunki Hong, Yu Jin Jung, Ju Hyung Lee, Bong-Soo Kim, Hoon-Bum Lee
Cutaneous wounds can present significant clinical problems because of abnormal healing after deep dermal damage. Despite technical advances in wound care, there are still unmet needs that result from inefficient treatment. In this study, we aimed to improve skin wound healing using a contractibility band with static magnetic field (SMF), termed a Magnetic band (Mb). To examine the effect of the Mb on wound healing, full-thickness 15 mm × 35 mm excision wounds were surgically created on the dorsum of rats. An elastic and contractile band (non-treatment), or one neodymium magnet (Nd-1) or two magnets with an elastic and contractile band (Nd-2) were topically applied to the wound daily and the wound size was measured from day 1 to 7 after surgery...
March 21, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644145/publicly-reported-wound-healing-rates-the-fantasy-and-the-reality
#5
REVIEW
Caroline E Fife, Kristen A Eckert, Marissa J Carter
Significance: We compare real-world data from the U.S. Wound Registry (USWR) with randomized controlled trials and publicly reported wound outcomes and develop criteria for honest reporting of wound outcomes, a requirement of the new Quality Payment Program (QPP). Recent Advances: Because no method has existed by which wounds could be stratified according to their likelihood of healing among real-world patients, practitioners have reported fantastically high healing rates. The USWR has developed several risk-stratified wound healing quality measures for diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and venous leg ulcers (VLUs) as part of its Qualified Clinical Data Registry (QCDR)...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644144/comparative-effectiveness-of-a-bioengineered-living-cellular-construct-and-cryopreserved-cadaveric-skin-allograft-for-the-treatment-of-venous-leg-ulcers-in-a-real-world-setting
#6
Terry Treadwell, Michael L Sabolinski, Michelle Skornicki, Nathan B Parsons
Objective: A variety of advanced biological therapies are available for the treatment of chronic wounds such as venous leg ulcers (VLUs), but real-world comparative effectiveness data that can help guide decisions around treatments are currently lacking. Approach: This analysis was designed to compare the effectiveness of a bioengineered living cellular construct (BLCC) to a cryopreserved cadaveric skin allograft (CCSA) for the treatment of VLUs. Treatment records were collected from a large wound care-specific electronic medical record database on 717 patients (799 VLUs) receiving treatment at 177 wound care centers...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627463/recent-advances-on-silver-nanoparticle-and-biopolymer-based-biomaterials-for-wound-healing-applications
#7
REVIEW
Sathish Sundar Dhilip Kumar, Naresh Kumar Rajendran, Nicolette Nadene Houreld, Heidi Abrahamse
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are classified as metal-based nanoparticles and have gained considerable attention amongst researchers in wound healing applications, owing to their physicochemical and biological properties. The effectiveness of AgNPs has been tested in vitro and are well documented in the literature. Silver nanoparticles have been shown to possess fast, broad-spectrum antibacterial activity. Dressings which contain AgNPs are non-cytotoxic and safe for patients in wound care management. Silver nanoparticle based biomaterials (AgNP-BMs) are actively utilized for the treatment of all types of chronic wounds, and this combination plays an important role in wound healing applications...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627055/factors-favoring-and-impairing-healing-of-tracheal-anastomosis
#8
REVIEW
Farid M Shamji
The factors governing successful healing of and impairing of tracheal and bronchial anastomosis are best understood by reviewing the normal histologic changes accompanying healing, governing factors, and biochemical advances made in the last 5 decades. Normal wound healing factors, also relevant to tracheal and bronchial reconstruction, rely on precise handling of tissues without interfering with tissue perfusion, careful selection and placement of sutures, and steps to minimize tension. Impairments of satisfactory healing are well recognized in gastrointestinal surgery and apply to tracheal and carinal resection, and sleeve bronchial resection...
May 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626550/drug-delivery-systems-and-materials-for-wound-healing-applications
#9
Saghi Saghazadeh, Chiara Rinoldi, Maik Schot, Sara Saheb Kashaf, Fatemeh Sharifi, Elmira Jalilian, Kristo Nuutila, Giorgio Giatsidis, Pooria Mostafalu, Hossein Derakhshandeh, Kan Yue, Wojciech Swieszkowski, Adnan Memic, Ali Tamayol, Ali Khademhosseini
Chronic, non-healing wounds place a significant burden on patients and healthcare systems, resulting in impaired mobility, limb amputation, or even death. Chronic wounds result from a disruption in the highly orchestrated cascade of events involved in wound closure. Significant advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of chronic wounds have resulted in the development of drugs designed to target different aspects of the impaired processes. However, the hostility of the wound environment rich in degradative enzymes and its elevated pH, combined with differences in the time scales of different physiological processes involved in tissue regeneration require the use of effective drug delivery systems...
April 4, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611156/practical-application-of-granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-gm-csf-in-patients-with-wounds
#10
Harold Brem, Raelina Howell, Theresa Criscitelli, Ayelet Senderowicz, Nicolle Siegart, Scott Gorenstein, Brian Gillette
Rapidly evolving advances in wound-care technologies and treatment modalities, including locally injectable granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), are increasingly being used. Based on its role in the stimulation and recruitment of key contributors to wound healing, such as keratinocytes, macrophages, and fibroblasts, GM-CSF is considered to play an essential role in the wound-healing cascade. Synthetic GM-CSF has been shown to have a positive effect on the healing of chronic wounds when given as a local injection in a small number of patients...
March 29, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601617/collagen-powder-in-wound-healing
#11
Penelope J Kallis, Adam J Friedman
Chronic wounds, such as pressure ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, and venous leg ulcers, are associated with high costs, poor quality of life, and significant morbidity and mortality. A chronic wound develops when progression through the normal phases of wound healing goes awry, creating a hostile environment with elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, increased matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), destruction of extracellular matrix (ECM) components, and diminished activity of growth factors and other soluble mediators...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595902/the-future-of-data-driven-wound-care
#12
Jon S Woods, Mayur Saxena, Tasha Nagamine, Raelina S Howell, Theresa Criscitelli, Scott Gorenstein, Brian M Gillette
Care for patients with chronic wounds can be complex, and the chances of poor outcomes are high if wound care is not optimized through evidence-based protocols. Tracking and managing every variable and comorbidity in patients with wounds is difficult despite the increasing use of wound-specific electronic medical records. Harnessing the power of big data analytics to help nurses and physicians provide optimized care based on the care provided to millions of patients can result in better outcomes. Numerous applications of machine learning toward workflow improvements, inpatient monitoring, outpatient communication, and hospital operations can improve overall efficiency and efficacy of care delivery in and out of the hospital, while reducing adverse events and complications...
April 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583119/management-of-intra-abdominal-vascular-injury-in-trauma-laparotomy-a-south-african-experience
#13
Ross Weale, Victor Kong, Vassil Manchev, Wanda Bekker, George Oosthuizen, Petra Brysiewicz, Grant Laing, John Bruce, Damian Clarke
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal vascular injury (IAVI) is uncommon but continues to be associated with high mortality rates despite technological advances in the past decades. In light of these ongoing developments, we reviewed our contemporary experience with IAVI in an attempt to clarify and refine our management strategies and the outcome of these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients admitted between January 2011 and December 2014 at a major trauma centre in South Africa who were found to have an IAVI during laparotomy for trauma...
April 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581628/the-effect-of-interval-from-completion-of-short-course-radiotherapy-to-surgery-on-the-post-operative-morbidity-and-mortality-of-patients-with-rectal-cancer
#14
T D A Neely, C J Tan, S T Irwin
Aim: Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for invasive rectal cancer. Advances in surgical technique and radiotherapy over the past few decades have resulted in improved local control and survival.1 - 3 Some concern remains regarding the morbidity associated with performing surgery within a short window following radiotherapy. The current study assessed whether the interval between short-course radiotherapy and surgery influences all cause post-operative morbidity and mortality. Methods: All patients who had undergone short-course radiotherapy for rectal cancer within the Belfast Health and Social Care Trust from 2005 to 2014 held on a prospective database were included (n=102)...
September 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575180/sonographic-assessment-of-the-anal-sphincter-after-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-oasi-using-transperineal-ultrasound-tpus
#15
EDITORIAL
Vered H Eisenberg, Dan V Valsky, Simcha Yagel
Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is the most common cause of anal incontinence and ano-rectal symptoms in women1 . Reported rates of anal incontinence following primary repair of OASI range between 15-61%, with a mean of 39%2, 3 . Other possible complications of OASI include perineal pain, dyspareunia, and less commonly, abscess formation, wound breakdown, and rectovaginal fistulae. Symptom onset may occur immediately, several years postpartum, or only late in life when aging of tissues adds to the delivery insult...
March 24, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570542/caring-for-the-orthopaedic-patient-with-a-history-of-bariatric-surgery
#16
Allyson S Chicoski
Bariatric surgery is performed on the gastrointestinal tract as a solution to obesity, and prevalence of these surgical procedures continues to rise. Bariatric surgery creates restrictive and/or malabsorptive properties, causing nutritional deficits from the physiological changes in absorption and a hypoacidic environment. Although surgery induces sustained weight loss, decreases mortality, and provides resolution or improvement to comorbidities of obesity, it can also come with complications. Common long-term complications of bariatric surgery include malnutrition, anemia, impaired wound healing, and impaired bone health...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564863/-nursing-care-experiences-of-periwound-moisture-associated-dermatitis-after-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation
#17
Pei-Ying Yeh, Hsiao-Ping Chen, Jing-Yi Wu
Simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation is the primary surgical treatment for type I diabetes mellitus with end-stage renal disease. However, this transplant surgery has a high-risk of surgical complications, including duodenal anastomotic leakage, which may lead to pancreas transplantation failure if the leakage worsens. This case report describes a patient who suffered from duodenal anastomotic leakage after SPK transplantation. The digestive enzymes eroded the wound and skin around the wound, resulting in periwound moisture-associated dermatitis...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562729/the-effect-of-poly-glycerol-sebacate-incorporation-within-hybrid-chitin-lignin-sol-gel-nanofibrous-scaffolds
#18
Tuerdimaimaiti Abudula, Lassaad Gzara, Giovanna Simonetti, Ahmed Alshahrie, Numan Salah, Pierfrancesco Morganti, Angelo Chianese, Afsoon Fallahi, Ali Tamayol, Sidi A Bencherif, Adnan Memic
Chitin and lignin primarily accumulate as bio-waste resulting from byproducts of crustacean crusts and plant biomass. Recently, their use has been proposed for diverse and unique bioengineering applications, amongst others. However, their weak mechanical properties need to be improved in order to facilitate their industrial utilization. In this paper, we fabricated hybrid fibers composed of a chitin-lignin (CL)-based sol-gel mixture and elastomeric poly (glycerol sebacate) (PGS) using a standard electrospinning approach...
March 19, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554039/direct-to-operating-room-trauma-resuscitation-decreases-mortality-among-severely-injured-children
#19
Minna M Wieck, Aaron J Cunningham, Brandon Behrens, Erika T Ohm, Bryan G Maxwell, Nicholas A Hamilton, M Christopher Adams, Frederick J Cole, Mubeen A Jafri
BACKGROUND: Expediting evaluation and intervention for severely injured patients has remained a mainstay of advanced trauma care. One technique, direct to operating room (DOR) resuscitation, for selective adult patients has demonstrated decreased mortality. We sought to investigate the application of this protocol in children. METHODS: All DOR pediatric patients from 2009-2016 at a pediatric Level I Trauma Center were identified. DOR criteria included penetrating injury, chest injuries, amputations, significant blood loss, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and surgeon discretion...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548891/pressure-injury-progression-and-factors-associated-with-different-end-points-in-a-home-palliative-care-setting-a-retrospective-chart-review-study
#20
Marco Artico, Daniela D'Angelo, Michela Piredda, Tommasangelo Petitti, Luciano Lamarca, Maria Grazia de Marinis, Angelo Dante, Maura Lusignani, Maria Matarese
CONTEXT: Patients with advanced illnesses show the highest prevalence for pressure ulcers. In the palliative care setting the ultimate goal is injury healing, but equally important is wound maintenance, wound palliation (wound-related pain and symptom management), and primary and secondary wound prevention. OBJECTIVES: To describe the course of healing for pressure ulcers in a home palliative care setting according to different end-points, and to explore patient and caregiver characteristics and specific care activities associated with their achievement...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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