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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892544/you-can-reduce-secondhand-smoke-exposure-prescribing-nicotine-replacement-in-the-pediatrician-s-office
#1
Sabrina Fernandez
It is universally known that secondhand smoke is detrimental to children's health. There is emerging research about the negative effects of thirdhand smoke as well. Most pediatricians focus on the child's medical evaluation and treatment, without considering other family members as it impacts the child's health. Screening rates for secondhand smoke exposure are low to begin with, and when we find a family member who is smoking, most pediatricians feel comfortable counseling and referring, but many do not know how to prescribe nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892543/the-importance-of-an-optimal-night-s-sleep-for-children-and-secondhand-and-thirdhand-smoke-exposure
#2
EDITORIAL
Joseph R Hageman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766331/emissions-from-electronic-cigarettes-assessing-vapers-intake-of-toxic-compounds-secondhand-exposures-and-the-associated-health-impacts
#3
Jennifer M Logue, Mohamad Sleiman, V Nahuel Montesinos, Marion L Russell, Marta I Litter, Neal L Benowitz, Lara A Gundel, Hugo Destaillats
E-cigarettes likely represent a lower risk to health than traditional combustion cigarettes, but they are not innocuous. Recently reported emission rates of potentially harmful compounds were used to assess intake and predict health impacts for vapers and bystanders exposed passively. Vapers' toxicant intake was calculated for scenarios in which different e-liquids were used with various vaporizers, battery power settings and vaping regimes. For a high rate of 250 puff day(-1) using a typical vaping regime and popular tank devices with battery voltages from 3...
August 2, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754255/tailoring-a-nicu-based-tobacco-treatment-program-for-mothers-who-are-dependent-on-opioids
#4
Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Kristin Ashford
OBJECTIVE: To collect formative information to design a tailored tobacco treatment intervention for women with newborns treated or evaluated for neonatal abstinence syndrome and to explore current tobacco use behaviors and facilitators and barriers to smoking cessation. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study. SETTING: An academic medical center in the southern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Mothers of newborns who were treated or evaluated for neonatal abstinence syndrome at birth within the preceding 3 months...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452951/adverse-health-effects-of-thirdhand-smoke-from-cell-to-animal-models
#5
REVIEW
Bo Hang, Pin Wang, Yue Zhao, Altaf Sarker, Ahmed Chenna, Yankai Xia, Antoine M Snijders, Jian-Hua Mao
The newly identified smoke hazard, thirdhand smoke (THS), has gained public attention in recent years but its health impact and biological effects are largely unknown. THS may be defined by "the four Rs": tobacco chemicals that remain, react, re-emit, and/or are resuspended long after active smoking has ceased. This review summarizes recent research progress in the effects of THS on genotoxicity, metabolism and early life development using cellular and animal models. We first reported that THS generated in laboratory systems caused significant DNA damage in human cell lines...
April 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163788/a-cross-sectional-study-of-happiness-and-smoking-cessation-among-parents
#6
Jeremy E Drehmer, Bethany Hipple, Deborah J Ossip, Emara Nabi-Burza, Jonathan P Winickoff
INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation among adults is associated with increased happiness. This association has not been measured in parents, a subset of adults who face uniquely stressful and challenging circumstances that can affect happiness. AIMS: To determine if parental smoking cessation is associated with increased happiness and to identify characteristics of parental quitters who experience increased happiness. METHODS: 1355 parents completed a 12-month follow-up interview from a U...
March 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157226/early-exposure-to-thirdhand-cigarette-smoke-affects-body-mass-and-the-development-of-immunity-in-mice
#7
Bo Hang, Antoine M Snijders, Yurong Huang, Suzaynn F Schick, Pin Wang, Yankai Xia, Christopher Havel, Peyton Jacob, Neal Benowitz, Hugo Destaillats, Lara A Gundel, Jian-Hua Mao
Thirdhand smoke (THS) is the fraction of cigarette smoke that persists in indoor environments after smoking. We investigated the effects of neonatal and adult THS exposure on bodyweight and blood cell populations in C57BL/6 J mice. At the end of neonatal exposure, THS-treated male and female mice had significantly lower bodyweight than their respective control mice. However, five weeks after neonatal exposure ended, THS-treated mice weighed the same as controls. In contrast, adult THS exposure did not change bodyweight of mice...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104999/development-of-a-scale-assessing-beliefs-about-thirdhand-smoke-baths
#8
Regine Haardörfer, Carla J Berg, Cam Escoffery, Łucja T Bundy, Melbourne Hovell, Michelle C Kegler
BACKGROUND: Similarly to secondhand smoke (SHS), thirdhand smoke (THS) beliefs may be correlated with smoking behaviors and smokefree policies in the home. Thus, there is a need to develop and validate measures to assess beliefs about THS. METHODS: A list of 19 items related to THS were generated by an expert panel and tested in a pilot study. Based on results from an exploratory factor analysis, two factors emerged: THS persistence in the environment and THS impact on health...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074306/second-and-thirdhand-smoke-exposure-attitudes-and-protective-practices-results-from-a-survey-of-hispanic-residents-in-multi-unit-housing
#9
Angelica Delgado-Rendon, Tess Boley Cruz, Daniel Soto, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Jennifer B Unger
Secondhand and third hand smoke (SHS, THS) exposure is prevalent in multi-unit housing (MUH). Minorities and low-income MUH residents are disproportionally exposed to SHS and THS compared to other populations. This study describes the characteristics, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors related to SHS, THS and marijuana smoke exposure (MSHS) of a sample of Hispanic tenants in randomly selected MUH units in eastern metro Los Angeles (n = 402). Although most participants (97%) banned smoking inside their homes, 80% reported infiltration of SHS inside their apartments within the last year...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031377/urine-cotinine-screening-detect-nearly-ubiquitous-tobacco-smoke-exposure-in-urban-adolescents
#10
Neal L Benowitz, Shonul Jain, Delia A Dempsey, Natalie Nardone, Gideon St Helen, Peyton Jacob
INTRODUCTION: Routine biochemical assessment of tobacco smoke exposure could lead to more effective interventions to reduce or prevent secondhand smoke (SHS)-related disease in adolescents. Our aim was to determine using urine cotinine (major nicotine metabolite) measurement the prevalence of tobacco smoke exposure among adolescents receiving outpatient care at an urban public hospital. METHODS: Surplus urine was collected in 466 adolescents attending pediatric or urgent care clinics at San Francisco General Hospital, serving families with lower levels of income and education, in 2013-14...
December 28, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001376/thirdhand-smoke-new-evidence-challenges-and-future-directions
#11
Peyton Jacob, Neal L Benowitz, Hugo Destaillats, Lara Gundel, Bo Hang, Manuela Martins-Green, Georg E Matt, Penelope J E Quintana, Jonathan M Samet, Suzaynn F Schick, Prue Talbot, Noel J Aquilina, Melbourne F Hovell, Jian-Hua Mao, Todd P Whitehead
Thirdhand smoke (THS) is the contamination that persists after secondhand tobacco smoke has been emitted into air. It refers to the tobacco-related gases and particles that become embedded in materials, such as the carpet, walls, furniture, blankets, and toys. THS is not strictly smoke, but chemicals that adhere to surfaces from which they can be released back into the air, undergo chemical transformations and/or accumulate. Currently, the hazards of THS are not as well documented as the hazards of secondhand smoke (SHS)...
January 17, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928048/testing-and-refining-measures-of-secondhand-smoke-exposure-among-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#12
Melissa Chapman Haynes, Ann W St Claire, Raymond G Boyle, Anne Betzner
INTRODUCTION: Over the past few decades, tobacco control efforts have made great strides in making smoke-free air the norm; 30 states in the United States have implemented 100% smoke-free laws. Despite this progress, the evolution of the measurement of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure has lagged. METHODS: Cognitive testing was used to explore the functioning and limitations of current SHS surveillance items; many items are frequently used for statewide or national surveillance...
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925021/thirdhand-smoke-when-the-danger-is-more-than-you-can-see-or-smell
#13
REVIEW
Luciana Rizzieri Figueiró, Ana Luiza Ziulkoski, Denise Conceição Mesquita Dantas
Recent discussion has focused on another form of exposure to tobacco - thirdhand smoke (THS) - consisting of residual pollutants from cigarette smoke that remain in environments. The main concern with THS is based on the presence and persistence of many toxic compounds, some specific nitrosamines from tobacco that have carcinogenic activity. Little is known about THS, and few people are aware of its existence and potential health repercussions, thus highlighting the need to shed light on the subject and incorporate it into the public health debate, as was done with passive smoking several years ago...
December 1, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807126/secondhand-smoke-from-multiple-sources-thirdhand-smoke-and-respiratory-symptoms-in-hong-kong-adolescents
#14
Lok Tung Leung, Sai Yin Ho, Man Ping Wang, Tai Hing Lam
INTRODUCTION: Reports on involuntary tobacco smoke exposure in children have focused mostly on secondhand smoke (SHS) from smoking inside the home. We studied the separate and combined prevalence of SHS exposure from multiple sources and thirdhand smoke (THS) and the associations with respiratory symptoms in Hong Kong adolescents. METHODS: In 2010-11, 61810 Secondary 1 (US Grade 7) to 7 students reported their smoking status, respiratory symptoms and exposure to 4 sources of tobacco smoke in the past 7 days...
November 2, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735848/correlation-between-odor-concentration-and-volatile-organic-compounds-voc-composition-of-environmental-tobacco-smoke-ets
#15
Miyuki Noguchi, Saya Tanaka, Kaede Watanabe, Akihiro Yamasaki
We examined the correlation between the odor concentration and the chemical composition of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Three types of ETS samples were prepared: secondhand smoke (SHS), thirdhand smoke (THS), and field ETS samples from an outside smoking area. The odor concentrations of the ETS, SHS, and THS samples were determined by the triangle-odor-bag method, and the chemical compositions were determined by proton transfer mass spectrometry. The odor concentration of the SHS samples was three or four orders of magnitude higher than that of the field ETS samples, and three orders of magnitude higher than that of the THS samples...
October 9, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268319/thirdhand-tobacco-smoke-procedures-to-evaluate-cytotoxicity-in-cell-cultures
#16
Luciana Rizzieri Figueiró, Denise Conceição Mesquita Dantas, Rafael Linden, Ana Luiza Ziulkoski
The risks associated to tobacco smoking are not ceased with smoke extinction. Many toxic compounds remain in the environment after the cigarette is extinguished and accumulated in the air or on surfaces. However, little is known about the risks of this exposure. The aim of this study was to evaluate procedures to collect thirdhand smoke (THS) and prepare the samples to perform three in vitro toxicity tests. Cellulose papers and cotton wipes were used to impregnate with nicotine solution and smoke cigarette in a chamber or in smoker's home...
June 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255386/from-the-cover-thirdhand-cigarette-smoke-causes-stress-induced-mitochondrial-hyperfusion-and-alters-the-transcriptional-profile-of-stem-cells
#17
Vasundhra Bahl, Kimberly Johnson, Rattapol Phandthong, Atena Zahedi, Suzaynn F Schick, Prue Talbot
Thirdhand cigarette smoke (THS) was recently recognized as an environmental health hazard; however, little is known about it effects on cells. Mitochondria are sensitive monitors of cell health and report on environmentally induced stress. We tested the effects of low levels of THS extracted from terry cloth on mitochondrial morphology and function using stem cells with well-defined mitochondria. Concentrations of THS that did not kill cells caused stress-induced mitochondrial hyperfusion (SIMH), which was characterized by changes in mitochondrial morphology indicative of fusion, increased mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), increased ATP levels, increased superoxide production, and increased oxidation of mitochondrial proteins...
September 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231157/thirdhand-smoke-beliefs-and-behaviors-among-healthcare-professionals
#18
Susan D Darlow, Carolyn J Heckman, Teja Munshi, Bradley N Collins
Thirdhand smoke (THS) refers to tobacco smoke contaminants and by-products that remain in the environment after a cigarette is extinguished. The purpose of this study was to assess beliefs and behaviors regarding THS among healthcare professionals, and to examine associations among smoking attitudes/beliefs, provider demographics, and THS beliefs and behaviors. Healthcare professionals (N = 204) at a comprehensive cancer center and affiliated general hospital in a northeastern urban area completed online questionnaires...
April 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27072199/corrigendum-metabolomics-reveals-metabolic-changes-in-male-reproductive-cells-exposed-to-thirdhand-smoke
#19
Bo Xu, Minjian Chen, Mengmeng Yao, Xiaoli Ji, Zhilei Mao, Wei Tang, Shanlei Qiao, Suzaynn F Schick, Jian-Hua Mao, Bo Hang, Yankai Xia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957657/thirdhand-smoke-state-of-the-science-and-a-call-for-policy-expansion
#20
Thomas F Northrup, Peyton Jacob, Neal L Benowitz, Eunha Hoh, Penelope J E Quintana, Melbourne F Hovell, Georg E Matt, Angela L Stotts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Public Health Reports
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