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Secondhand smoke

Esther García-Esquinas, Angélica Jiménez, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Miranda R Jones, Beatriz Perez-Gomez, Ana Navas-Acien, Maria Tellez-Plaza
BACKGROUND: The major decrease in exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in public places in recent decades could have contributed to the decline in smoking-related cancer mortality observed in the US population. METHODS: Prospective study among 11,856 non-smoking adults aged ≥40 years who participated in NHANES 1988-1994 or 1999-2004 and were followed for mortality through 2006. We estimated the amount of change in cancer mortality over time attributed to the intermediate pathway of changes in SHS exposure in public places, after adjustment for risk factors and SHS exposure at home...
May 15, 2018: Environment International
Jodi Anthony, Roberta Goldman, Vaughan W Rees, Rochelle L Frounfelker, Jessica Davine, Robyn R Keske, Daniel R Brooks, Alan C Geller
PURPOSE: As public housing agencies and other low-income housing providers adopt smoke-free policies, data are needed to inform implementation approaches that support compliance. DESIGN: Focused ethnography used including qualitative interviews with staff, focus groups with residents, and property observations. SETTING: Four low-income housing properties in Massachusetts, 12 months postpolicy adoption. PARTICIPANTS: Individual interviews (n = 17) with property staff (managers, resident service coordinators, maintenance, security, and administrators) and focus groups with resident smokers (n = 28) and nonsmokers (n = 47)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Michael J Parks, John H Kingsbury, Raymond G Boyle, Sharrilyn Evered
PURPOSE: This study addresses the dearth of population-based research on how comprehensive household smoke-free rules (ie, in the home and car) relate to tobacco use and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among adolescents. DESIGN: Analysis of 2014 Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey. SETTING: Representative sample of Minnesota youth. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1287 youth who lived with a smoker. MEASURES: Measures included household smoke-free rules (no rules, partial rules-home or car, but not both-and comprehensive rules), lifetime and 30-day cigarette use, 30-day cigarette and other product use, and SHS exposure in past 7 days in home and car...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ashley Brown, Helen Sweeting, Greig Logan, Evangelia Demou, Kate Hunt
Introduction: In jurisdictions permitting prisoner smoking, rates are high (c75%), with smoking embedded in prison culture, leading to secondhand smoke exposures among staff and prisoners and challenges for smoking cessation. Momentum is building to ban smoking in prisons, but research on staff and prisoner views is lacking. We address this gap, providing evidence on staff and prisoner views throughout all Scottish prisons. Methods: Data were collected prior to announcement of a (November 2018) prison smoking ban throughout Scotland...
May 15, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Young Sik Park, Chang-Hoon Lee, Yu-Il Kim, Chul Min Ahn, Ju Ock Kim, Ju-Heon Park, Sang Haak Lee, Jae Yeol Kim, Eun Mi Chun, Tae-Hoon Jung, Kwang-Ha Yoo
OBJECTIVES: Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with cardiovascular disease. This study aims to determine the association between SHS exposure estimated by questionnaire and hypertension in Korean never smokers. SETTING: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) V was conducted from 2010 to 2012. PARTICIPANTS: We selected the never smokers aged over 20 years who answered the question about the SHS exposure...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Renee D Goodwin, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Samantha Santoscoy, Nina Bakoyiannis, Deborah S Hasin, Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore, Melanie M Wall
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated trends in cannabis use among parents with children at home in the United States and estimated changes in prevalence of any cannabis use and daily cannabis use among parents who identified as cigarette smokers and nonsmokers with children in the home from 2002 to 2015. METHODS: The National Survey on Drug Use and Health is an annual, nationally representative, cross-sectional study conducted in the United States. Using logistic regression models, associations between cigarette smoking and any past-month and daily past-month cannabis use among parents with children in the home from 2002 to 2015 were estimated...
May 14, 2018: Pediatrics
Mehrdad Arjomandi, Siyang Zeng, Jeroen Geerts, Rachel K Stiner, Bruce Bos, Ian van Koeverden, Jason Keene, Brett Elicker, Paul D Blanc, Warren M Gold
Introduction: Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is associated with occult obstructive lung disease as evident by abnormal airflow indices representing small airway disease despite having preserved spirometry (normal forced expiratory volume in 1 s-to-forced vital capacity ratio, FEV1 /FVC). The significance of lung volumes that reflect air trapping in the presence of preserved spirometry is unclear. Methods: To investigate whether lung volumes representing air trapping could determine susceptibility to respiratory morbidity in people with SHS exposure but without spirometric chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, we examined a cohort of 256 subjects with prolonged occupational SHS exposure and preserved spirometry...
2018: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
Michelle R Staudt, Jacqueline Salit, Robert J Kaner, Charleen Hollmann, Ronald G Crystal
BACKGROUND: Little is known about health risks associated with electronic cigarette (EC) use although EC are rising in popularity and have been advocated as a means to quit smoking cigarettes. METHODS: Ten never-smokers, without exposure history to tobacco products or EC, were assessed at baseline with questionnaire, chest X-ray, lung function, plasma levels of endothelial microparticles (EMP), and bronchoscopy to obtain small airway epithelium (SAE) and alveolar macrophages (AM)...
May 14, 2018: Respiratory Research
Jesse D Thacher, Erica S Schultz, Jenny Hallberg, Ulrika Hellberg, Inger Kull, Per Thunqvist, Göran Pershagen, Per M Gustafsson, Erik Melén, Anna Bergström
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with impaired lung function among young children, but less is known about long-term effects and the impact of adolescents' own smoking. We investigated the influence of maternal smoking during pregnancy, secondhand smoke exposure, and adolescent smoking on lung function at age 16 years.The BAMSE birth cohort collected information on participant's tobacco smoke exposure through repeated questionnaires, and measured saliva cotinine concentrations at age 16. Participants performed spirometry and impulse oscillometry (IOS) at age 16 (n=2295)...
May 10, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Tianshi David Wu, Emily P Brigham, Roger Peng, Kirsten Koehler, Cynthia Rand, Elizabeth C Matsui, Gregory B Diette, Nadia N Hansel, Meredith C McCormack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Seyoung Kim, Jin-Soo Park, Minkyu Park, Yeji Kim, Sinye Lim, Hye-Eun Lee
Background: This study aimed to analyze environmental tobacco smoking exposure in female nonsmokers by public transportation mode using representative data of Koreans. Methods: Data from the Second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (2012-2014) were analyzed. Urine cotinine was analyzed by public transport behavior, secondhand smoke exposure, socioeconomic factors, and health-related factors. Participants were 1322 adult females; those with the top 75% urine cotinine concentrations were assigned to the high exposure group...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Eunju Hong, Seokwon Lee, Geun-Bae Kim, Tae-Jong Kim, Hyoung-Wook Kim, Kyoungho Lee, Bu-Soon Son
This study aims to identify environmental air pollution adversely affecting pulmonary function among a community-based general population living in Korean industrial complexes. A total of 1963 residents participated in a pulmonary function test (PFT). The sample population consisted of an exposed group ( n = 1487) living within a radius of 5 km of industrial complexes and a control group ( n = 476) living over a radius of 10 km from the industrial complexes in Gwangyang and Yeosu cities. PFT results were calculated for each resident of the study population...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Esther Ghanem, Re-Mi Hage
A cross-sectional study on a pool of undergraduate smokers and nonsmokers ( n = 200) was randomly selected from Notre Dame University, Lebanon. The study design is based on a questionnaire about the students' smoking record exposure, cotinine saliva levels, and ventilatory lung function parameters. Despite the nonsmoking policies that have been recently established by universities, diffused smoking stations in proximity to classes and offices still exist, at least in the MENA region. Such an environment still imposes a remarkable effect on certain lung health parameters of nonsmokers exhibiting similar exhaled air per second (FEV1) to smokers with a P value = 0...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Mang Yu, Kaori Mukai, Mindy Tsai, Stephen J Galli
BACKGROUND: Thirdhand smoke (THS) represents the accumulation of secondhand smoke on indoor surfaces and in dust, which, over time, can become more toxic than secondhand smoke. Although it is well known that children of smokers are at increased risk for developing asthma and for exacerbation of that disease if they already have it, how exposure to THS may influence the development or exacerbation of asthma remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether epicutaneous exposure to an important component of THS, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), can influence asthma pathology in a model elicited in mice by repeated intranasal challenge with cockroach antigen (CRA)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Mehrdad Arjomandi, Siyang Zeng, Paul D Blanc, Warren M Gold
RATIONALE: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease criteria require a ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ) to forced vital capacity (FVC) (FEV1 /FVC) of less than 0.70 for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, whereas other criteria emphasize a lower limit of normal approach. However, the use of Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (or lower limit of normal) criteria may result in classification of many smokers with respiratory morbidities as not having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Benjamin T Kopp, Alice Hinton, Rong Lu, Sarah Cooper, Haikady Nagaraja, Mary Ellen Wewers
OBJECTIVES: Secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) in children is changing due to new public policy and electronic nicotine products (e-cigarettes). We examined factors related to self-imposed indoor household tobacco restrictions, with emphasis on children in the household and associations with combustible and non-combustible product use. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of urban and rural Ohio adult tobacco users classified participants as exclusive combustible users, smokeless tobacco (SLT) users, e-cigarette users, or dual users...
April 10, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Anne Berit Petersen, Holly C Stewart, Jon Walters, Maya Vijayaraghavan
The original version of this article unfortunately contains mistakes. 1. On page 315, in the last sentence under the "Tobacco Use" subheading, the percentage should read "59.3%" rather than "55.6%". 2. On page 315, in the last sentence under the "Secondhand Smoke Exposure" subheading, the percentage "28.2%" should read "28.6%". 3. The presentation of "Post-policy" and "Pre-policy" terms in the Figs. 1 and 3 were incorrect. It should be read as: Figure 1: Pre-policy (n = 27); Post-policy (n = 16)...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Tharwat El Zahran, Aaron Ralston, Alexandra King, Diane Hindman, Brent W Morgan
CONTEXT: Across the world, tobacco is used in a variety of forms, including being smoked or added to a "quid" that is then chewed. We report a case of lead poisoning in a child from tobacco imported from Thailand. CASE DETAILS: A 12-year-old Thai immigrant boy had a blood lead level (BLL) of 6 mcg/dL on routine testing upon arrival to the United States, but which increased to 72 mcg/dL six months after his arrival. He was asymptomatic with unremarkable workup...
April 6, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
Carson Benowitz-Fredericks, Julia McQuoid, Nicolas Sheon, Sarah Olson, Pamela M Ling
Smoke-free policies prevent exposure to secondhand smoke and encourage tobacco cessation. Local smoke-free policies that are more comprehensive than statewide policies are not allowed in states with preemption, including Oklahoma, which has the sixth highest smoking prevalence in the United States. In states with preemption, voluntary smoke-free measures are encouraged, but little research exists on venue owners' and managers' views of such measures, particularly in nightlife businesses such as bars and nightclubs...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Philip Emeka Anyanwu, Peter Craig, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Michael James Green
INTRODUCTION: Smoke-free public places legislation has been introduced in many countries to protect the public from the harmful effects of secondhand smoking. While evaluations of smoke-free policies have demonstrated major public health benefits, the impact on youth smoking and inequalities in smoking remains unclear. This project aims to evaluate how smoke-free public places legislation in the UK has impacted on inequalities in youth smoking uptake, and how much of any impact is via changes in parental smoking behaviour...
March 27, 2018: BMJ Open
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