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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542166/indoor-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-and-risk-of-under-five-mortality-in-23-sub-saharan-africa-countries-a-population-based-study-and-meta-analysis
#1
Patrick Opiyo Owili, Miriam Adoyo Muga, Wen-Chi Pan, Hsien-Wen Kuo
BACKGROUND: Inhalation of secondhand smoke from tobacco results in serious health outcomes among under-five children, and yet, few studies have assessed its effect on under-five mortality. We investigated the association between frequency of exposure to household tobacco smoke and risk of under-five mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: Demographic Health Survey data of under-five children from 23 SSA countries (n = 787,484) were used. Cox proportional hazard models described the association between exposure to tobacco smoke and the risk of under-five mortality in each country, with age as the time-to-event indicator...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542122/announcement-world-no-tobacco-day-may-31-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
Each year, the global tobacco epidemic kills an estimated 6 million persons worldwide, including 600,000 who die from secondhand smoke exposure. If current trends continue, it is estimated that by 2030 tobacco use will result in approximately 8 million deaths worldwide annually; an estimated 80% of these preventable deaths will occur in low- and middle-income countries (1).
May 26, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541868/perceptions-of-harm-to-children-exposed-to-secondhand-aerosol-from-electronic-vapor-products-styles-survey-2015
#3
Kimberly H Nguyen, Van T Tong, Kristy Marynak, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: The US Surgeon General has concluded that e-cigarette aerosol is not harmless and can contain harmful and potentially harmful chemicals, including nicotine. We assessed factors associated with adults' perceptions of harm related to children's exposure to secondhand aerosol from electronic vapor products (EVPs). METHODS: Data came from the 2015 Styles, an Internet panel survey of US adults aged 18 years or older (n = 4,127). Respondents were asked whether they believe aerosol from other people's EVPs causes children harm...
May 25, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532658/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-pediatric-healthcare-visits-and-hospitalizations
#4
Ashley L Merianos, Roman A Jandarov, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) as measured by serum cotinine and healthcare utilization among children. METHODS: In 2016, the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data were analyzed including 4,985 children aged 3-19 years. Associations between SHSe and having a routine place for healthcare, type of place, and hospital utilization were examined using logistic regression models. Poisson regression analyses assessed the relationship between SHSe and number of hospital admissions...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525994/noticing-cigarette-health-warnings-and-support-for-new-health-warnings-among-non-smokers-in-china-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-project-itc-china-survey
#5
Zejun Li, Tara Elton Marshall, Geoffrey T Fong, Anne Chiew Kin Quah, Guoze Feng, Yuan Jiang, Sara C Hitchman
BACKGROUND: Health warnings labels (HWLs) have the potential to effectively communicate the health risks of smoking to smokers and non-smokers, and encourage smokers to quit. This study sought to examine whether non-smokers in China notice the current text-only HWLs and whether they support adding more health information and including pictures on HWLs. METHODS: Adult non-smokers (n = 1324) were drawn from Wave 4 (September 2011-November 2012) of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) China Survey...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522562/estrogen-and-cigarette-sidestream-smoke-particulate-matter-exhibit-er%C3%AE-dependent-tumor-promoting-effects-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells
#6
Lun-Cheng Kuo, Li-Chuan Cheng, Chia-Huei Lee, Chun-Ju Lin, Pei-Yu Chen, Lih-Ann Li
Estrogen and secondhand smoke are key risk factors for nonsmoking female lung cancer patients, who frequently have lung adenocarcinoma and show tumor ERα expression. We speculated that estrogen and secondhand smoke might cause harmful effects via ERα signaling. Our results showed that 17β-estradiol (E2), the primary form of endogenous estrogen, exacerbated proliferation, migration, and granzyme B resistance of lung adenocarcinoma cells in an ERα-dependent manner. Cigarette sidestream smoke particulate matter (CSSP), the major component of secondhand smoke, could activate ERα activity dose dependently in human lung adenocarcinoma cells...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515183/modeling-lifetime-costs-and-health-outcomes-attributable-to-secondhand-smoke-exposure-at-home-among-korean-adult-women
#7
Jiyae Lee, Ah Ram Han, Dalwoong Choi, Kyung-Min Lim, SeungJin Bae
PURPOSE: The aim of this research is to estimate lifetime costs and health consequences for Korean adult women who were exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to project the lifetime healthcare costs and health outcomes of a hypothetical cohort of Korean women who are 40 years old and were married to current smokers. The Korean epidemiological data were used to reflect the natural history of SHS-exposed and non-exposed women...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511682/inequities-in-coverage-of-smokefree-space-policies-within-the-united-states
#8
Christopher Lowrie, Amber L Pearson, George Thomson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found extensive geographic and demographic differences in tobacco use. These differences have been found to be reduced by effective public policies, including banning smoking in public spaces. Smokefree indoor and outdoor spaces reduce secondhand smoke exposure and denormalize smoking. METHODS: We evaluated regional and demographic differences in the proportion of the population covered by smokefree policies enacted in the United States prior to 2014, for both adults and children...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494268/pregnancy-outcome-and-cord-blood-cotinine-level-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study-between-secondhand-smokers-and-non-secondhand-smokers
#9
B Abdullah, B Muadz, M N Norizal, N Ismail, N K Kornain, M Kutty
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pregnancy outcome and cord blood cotinine levels between secondhand smokers and non-secondhand smokers. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional comparative study in a Malaysian tertiary obstetric hospital involving 200 non-smoking pregnant women at term, of whom 100 were secondhand smokers and 100 were non-secondhand smokers. Those with multiple pregnancies, with a body mass index (BMI) of more than 30kg/m(2) or who delivered by Caesarean section were excluded...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490043/chemical-and-physical-exposures-in-the-emerging-us-green-collar-workforce
#10
Charles J Chen, Kevin J Moore, Cristina A Fernandez, Kristopher L Arheart, William G LeBlanc, Manuel Cifuentes, Laura A McClure, Sharon L Christ, Lora E Fleming, David J Lee, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
OBJECTIVE: "Green collar" workers serve in occupations that directly improve environmental quality and sustainability. This study estimates and compares the prevalence of select physical and chemical exposures among green versus non-green U.S. workers. METHODS: Data from the U.S. 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Occupational Health Supplement were linked to the Occupational Information Network (ONET) Database. We examined four main exposures: 1) vapors, gas, dust, fumes (VGDF); 2) secondhand tobacco smoke; 3) skin hazards; 4) outdoor work...
May 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482051/biomarkers-of-chronic-acrolein-inhalation-exposure-in-mice-implications-for-tobacco-product-induced-toxicity
#11
Daniel J Conklin, Marina V Malovichko, Iris Zeller, Trinath P Das, Tatiana V Krivokhizhina, Blake H Lynch, Pawel Lorkiewicz, Abhinav Agarwal, Nalinie Wickramasinghe, Petra Haberzettl, Srinivas D Sithu, Jasmit Shah, Timothy E O'Toole, Shesh N Rai, Aruni Bhatnagar, Sanjay Srivastava
Exposure to tobacco smoke, which contains several harmful and potentially harmful constituents such as acrolein increases cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Although high acrolein levels induce pervasive cardiovascular injury, the effects of low-level exposure remain unknown and sensitive biomarkers of acrolein toxicity have not been identified. Identification of such biomarkers is essential to assess the toxicity of acrolein present at low levels in the ambient air or in new tobacco products such as e-cigarettes...
May 8, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464887/healthy-families-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-intervention-for-caregivers-to-reduce-secondhand-smoke-exposure-among-pediatric-emergency-patients
#12
E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens, Robert T Ammerman, Jane C Khoury, Lara Stone, Gabe T Meyers, John K Witry, Ashley L Merianos, Tierney F Mancuso, Kristin M W Stackpole, Berkeley L Bennett, Laura Akers, Judith S Gordon
BACKGROUND: Involuntary exposure to secondhand smoke (SHSe) is an important cause of morbidity in children who present to the pediatric emergency department (PED) and urgent care (UC). SHSe interventions delivered in the PED and UC would benefit both the smoker and child, but there have been no large trials testing the efficacy of such interventions. The Healthy Families program is the first randomized controlled trial to test whether a screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) intervention delivered in the PED and UC will be effective in decreasing SHSe in children and increasing cessation in smokers...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459921/disparities-in-secondhand-smoke-exposure-among-nonsmoking-adults-in-rhode-island-tobacco-control-s-pro-equity-approach
#13
Elsa Larson, Benvinda Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451015/multilevel-analysis-of-school-anti-smoking-education-and-current-cigarette-use-among-south-african-students
#14
Brandon Talley, Katherine Masyn, Rachna Chandora, Alana Vivolo-Kantor
INTRODUCTION: South Africa (SA) implemented the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) four times between 1999 and 2011. Data from the four surveys indicated that downward trends in cigarette use among students may have stalled. Understanding the effect of school anti-smoking education on current smoking among students within schools and variability across schools may provide important insights into policies aimed at preventing or reducing tobacco use among students. The objective was to assess the student- and school-level effects of students' exposure to school anti-smoking education on current cigarette use among the study population using the most recent wave of GYTS data in SA (2011)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432210/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-complex-intervention-to-reduce-children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-in-the-home
#15
Elena Ratschen, Rebecca Thorley, Laura Jones, Magdalena Opazo Breton, Juliette Cook, Ann McNeill, John Britton, Tim Coleman, Sarah Lewis
OBJECTIVES: Exposing children to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) causes significant harm and occurs predominantly through smoking by caregivers in the family home. We report a trial of a complex intervention designed to reduce secondhand smoke exposure of children whose primary caregiver feels unable or unwilling to quit smoking. DESIGN: An open-label, parallel, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Deprived communities in Nottingham City and County, England PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers resident in Nottingham City and County in England who were at least 18 years old, the main caregiver of a child aged under 5 years living in their household, and reported that they were smoking tobacco inside their home...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422575/cardiovascular-risk-factors-of-long-term-care-workers
#16
Kelly Doran, Barbara Resnick
Little is known about long-term care workers' cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Thus, the authors used baseline objective and subjective data from 98 long-term care staff participating in a worksite health promotion study to provide a comprehensive CVD assessment. The median age of the sample was 32 years ( SD = 13.38). Nine (12.2%) participants smoked and 27 (37.0%) participants reported exposure to secondhand smoke. The average nightly hours of sleep was 6.5 ( SD = 1.18), with 24 (32%) participants reporting sleeping at least fairly bad...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413934/commonly-used-air-filters-fail-to-eliminate-secondhand-smoke-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-responses
#17
Thivanka Muthumalage, Karen Pritsos, Kenneth Hunter, Chris Pritsos
Secondhand smoke (SHS) causes approximately 50,000 deaths per year. Despite all the health warnings, smoking is still allowed indoors in many states exposing both workers and patrons to SHS on a daily basis. The opponents of smoking bans suggest that present day air filtration systems remove the health hazards of exposure to SHS. In this study, using an acute SHS exposure model, we looked at the impact of commonly used air filters (MERV-8 pleated and MERV-8 pleated activated charcoal) on SHS by assessing the inflammatory response and the oxidative stress response in C57BL/6 mice...
May 5, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405342/association-between-secondhand-smoke-and-obesity-and-glucose-abnormalities-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2010
#18
Dulcie Kermah, Magda Shaheen, Deyu Pan, Theodore C Friedman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between cotinine level-confirmed secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and glycemic parameters and obesity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined a cohort of 6472 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1999-2010. Serum cotinine levels and self-reported data on smoking were used to determine smoking status. The outcome variables were body mass index (BMI) and glycemic status (HbA1c), Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and fasting plasma glucose (FPG)...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395076/in-home-smoking-in-households-with-women-of-reproductive-age-in-nepal-does-women-s-empowerment-matter
#19
Shanta Pandey, Vithya Murugan, Yagya B Karki, Amit Mathur
Authors examined the prevalence and predictors of in-home smoking in households with women of reproductive age. They analyzed data from 9,837 ever married women from 2011 Nepal Demographic Health Survey. About 17 percent of women and 66 percent of their husbands smoked and 58 percent of the women lived in homes that permitted in-home smoking. About 6 percent of the women were pregnant and 42 percent had given birth within the past five years. In-home tobacco use was equally prevalent in homes with and without young children and irrespective of women's pregnancy status...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390924/review-of-the-relationships-among-psychosocial-stress-secondhand-smoke-and-perinatal-smoking
#20
REVIEW
Karen R Damron
OBJECTIVE: To summarize and evaluate the recently published literature in which the relationships among psychosocial stress, smoking, and exposure to secondhand smoke during the perinatal period are examined, and to describe the characteristics and demographics of the samples. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases MEDLINE, Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, and PsychINFO. In addition, hand searches of reference lists supplemented the electronic search...
May 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
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