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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635116/maternal-smoking-alcohol-and-caffeine-exposures-and-risk-of-hypospadias
#1
Suzan L Carmichael, Chen Ma, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: We examined the association of hypospadias risk with maternal smoking and consumption of alcohol and caffeine. METHODS: We analyzed data from mothers of 2437 moderate/severe cases and 5472 nonmalformed controls born from 1997 to 2011 who participated in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS). Exposures were assessed by maternal telephone interviews. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) adjusted for mother's age, parity, race-ethnicity, education, vitamin/mineral supplement intake, obesity, and study center...
June 21, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632785/the-association-between-various-smoking-behaviors-cotinine-biomarkers-and-skin-autofluorescence-a-marker-for-advanced-glycation-end-product-accumulation
#2
Robert P van Waateringe, Marjonneke J Mook-Kanamori, Sandra N Slagter, Melanie M van der Klauw, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Reindert Graaff, Helen L Lutgers, Karsten Suhre, Mohammed M El-Din Selim, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel
BACKGROUND: Skin autofluorescence, a biomarker for advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulation, has been shown to predict diabetes-related cardiovascular complications and is associated with several environmental and lifestyle factors. In the present study, we examined the association between various smoking behaviors and skin autofluorescence, as well as the association between several cotinine biomarkers and skin autofluorescence, using both epidemiological and metabolomics data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624541/the-high-prevalence-and-clinical-socio-demographic-correlates-of-miscarriages-among-flight-attendants
#3
Bettina Heidecker, Rachel Maureen Spencer, Victoria Hayes, Sarah Hall, Nisha Parikh, Eveline Oestreicher Stock, Rita Redberg
BACKGROUND: There are many occupational health hazards associated with long hours of air travel including cosmic radiation exposure, circadian rhythm disruptions and secondhand smoke exposure prior, for flight attendants who flew prior to smoking bans initiated in the 90s. Previous studies in flight attendants have found increased incidence of breast cancer and melanoma. However, there is little information on the relationship of airline travel and reproductive health in flight attendants...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609195/determination-of-secondhand-smoke-leakage-from-the-smoking-room-of-an-internet-caf%C3%A3
#4
Hyejin Kim, Kiyoung Lee, Jaehoon An, Sungho Won
Although internet cafes have been designated as non-smoking areas in Korea, smoke-free legislation has allowed the installation of indoor smoking rooms. The purposes of this study were to determine secondhand smoke (SHS) leakage from an internet café smoking room and to identify factors associated with SHS leakage. PM2.5 mass concentrations were measured simultaneously both inside and outside the door to the smoking room. During each measurement, a field technician observed how long the smoking room door was opened and closed, the direction of door opening and the number of smokers...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591850/acrolein-exposure-in-hookah-smokers-and-non-smokers-exposed-to-hookah-tobacco-secondhand-smoke-implications-for-regulating-hookah-tobacco-products
#5
Nada O F Kassem, Noura O Kassem, Sandy Liles, Adam T Zarth, Sheila R Jackson, Reem M Daffa, Dale A Chatfield, Steven G Carmella, Stephen S Hecht, Melbourne F Hovell
Introduction: Acrolein is a highly ciliatoxic agent, a toxic respiratory irritant, a cardiotoxicant, and a possible carcinogen present in tobacco smoke including hookah tobacco. Methods: 105 hookah smokers and 103 non-smokers attended exclusively hookah smoking social events at either a hookah lounge or private home, and provided urine samples the morning of and the morning after the event. Samples were analyzed for 3-hydroxypropylmercapturic acid (3-HPMA), a metabolite of acrolein...
June 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584492/prevalence-of-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-among-higher-secondary-school-students-in-ernakulam-district-kerala-southern-india
#6
P S Rakesh, Jishnu Satheesh Lalu, K Leelamoni
INTRODUCTION: The association between secondhand smoke and health outcomes, such as frequent respiratory infections, ischemic heart disease, lung cancer, asthma, and stroke, has long been established. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of secondhand smoking exposure among higher secondary school students in Ernakulam district, Kerala, Southern India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire was administered to all students from four randomly selected higher secondary schools in Ernakulam district...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582531/biomarkers-of-secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-waterpipe-tobacco-venue-employees-in-istanbul-moscow-and-cairo
#7
Katherine A Moon, Ana M Rule, Hoda S Magid, Jacqueline Ferguson, Jolie Susan, Zhuolu Sun, Christine Torrey, Salahaddin Abubaker, Vladimir Levshin, Asli Çarkoglu, Ghada Nasr Radwan, Maha El-Rabbat, Joanna E Cohen, Paul Strickland, Patrick N Breysse, Ana Navas-Acien
Background: Most smoke-free legislation to reduce secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure exempts waterpipe (hookah) smoking venues. Few studies have examined SHS exposure in waterpipe venues and their employees. Methods: We surveyed 276 employees of 46 waterpipe tobacco venues in Istanbul, Moscow, and Cairo. We interviewed venue managers and employees and collected biological samples from employees to measure exhaled carbon monoxide (CO), hair nicotine, saliva cotinine, urine cotinine, urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), and urine 1-hydroxypyrene glucuronide (1-OHPG)...
June 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582281/relation-between-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-never-smokers
#8
Sehun Kim, Si-Hyuck Kang, Donghoon Han, Sun-Hwa Kim, Hee-Jun Kim, Jin-Joo Park, Youngjin Cho, Yeonyee E Yoon, Kyung-Do Han, Il-Young Oh, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Jung-Won Suh, Hae-Young Lee, Young-Seok Cho, Tae-Jin Youn, Goo-Yeong Cho, In-Ho Chae, Dong-Ju Choi, Cheol-Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: Secondhand smoke exposure (SHSE) in nonsmokers has been associated with premature cardiovascular mortality and ischemic heart disease. We conducted a cross-sectional, population-based study evaluating the relationship between SHSE, measured by subjective and objective methods, and conventional cardiovascular risks such as blood pressure, lipid profiles, and fasting glucose. METHODS: We extracted information on 7376 healthy adults who had never smoked, for whom there were available urine cotinine levels, from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2011...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567386/high-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-and-exposure-to-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-among-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
EDITORIAL
Liang Wang, Hadii M Mamudu, Candice Collins, Youfa Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560613/the-relationship-between-neighborhood-disorder-social-networks-and-indoor-cigarette-smoking-among-impoverished-inner-city-residents
#10
Carl A Latkin, Tuo-Yen Tseng, Melissa Davey-Rothwell, Ryan D Kennedy, Meghan Bridgid Moran, Lauren Czaplicki, Catie Edwards, Oluwaseun Falade-Nwulia, Geetanjali Chander, Amy R Knowlton
Impoverished urban neighborhoods tend to have higher rates of smoking and higher rates of exposure to secondhand smoke as compared to more affluent neighborhoods. Contextual factors of neighborhood disorder and social network and household composition may have an impact on indoor smoking behaviors. The TIDE study examined psychosocial factors associated with smoking behaviors among impoverished inner-city smokers in Baltimore, Maryland. Among a community-recruited sample of 413 smokers who lived with others, most (73%) reported that they or others smoked in their residence...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558518/students-beliefs-about-and-perceived-effectiveness-of-a-tobacco-free-campus-policy
#11
Melinda J Ickes, Mary Kay Rayens, Amanda Wiggins, Ellen J Hahn
Tobacco-free (TF) college campus policies have potential to be a high-impact tobacco control strategy. The purposes of the study presented here were to (a) determine the demographic and personal characteristics associated with students' beliefs about and perceived effectiveness of a TF campus policy and (b) assess whether tobacco use status and exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) predicted beliefs and perceived effectiveness. Five thousand randomly selected students from a large southeastern university were invited by e-mail to participate in an online survey in April 2013, three and a half years after policy implementation...
January 1, 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556464/tobacco-harms-nicotine-pharmacology-and-pharmacologic-tobacco-cessation-interventions-for-women
#12
REVIEW
L Kim Baraona, Dawn Lovelace, Julie L Daniels, Linda McDaniel
Firsthand and secondhand tobacco use is linked to a multitude of harmful illnesses, adverse perinatal outcomes, and death. Cessation attempts among women may be hampered by their unique biologic response to nicotine. Current research has revealed epigenetic changes from intrauterine nicotine exposure that have intergenerational consequences. Multiple studies have demonstrated the efficacy of various pharmacologic tobacco cessation interventions in conjunction with behavioral counseling. Based on this evidence, the US Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) 2015 guideline recommends pharmacologic therapy for all nonpregnant persons who smoke in addition to behavioral counseling...
May 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549179/relationships-between-smoking-behaviors-and-cotinine-levels-among-two-american-indian-populations-with-distinct-smoking-patterns
#13
Julie-Anne Tanner, Jeffrey A Henderson, Dedra Buchwald, Barbara V Howard, Patricia Nez Henderson, Rachel F Tyndale
Introduction: Smoking prevalence, cigarettes per day (CPD), and lung cancer incidence differ between Northern Plains (NP) and Southwestern (SW) American Indian populations. We used cotinine as a biomarker of tobacco smoke exposure to biochemically characterize NP and SW smokers and non-smokers, and to investigate factors associated with variation in tobacco exposure. Methods: American Indians (N=636) were recruited from two different tribal populations (NP and SW) as part of a study conducted as part of the Collaborative to Improve Native Cancer Outcomes P50 project...
May 26, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542166/indoor-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-and-risk-of-under-five-mortality-in-23-sub-saharan-africa-countries-a-population-based-study-and-meta-analysis
#14
Patrick Opiyo Owili, Miriam Adoyo Muga, Wen-Chi Pan, Hsien-Wen Kuo
BACKGROUND: Inhalation of secondhand smoke from tobacco results in serious health outcomes among under-five children, and yet, few studies have assessed its effect on under-five mortality. We investigated the association between frequency of exposure to household tobacco smoke and risk of under-five mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: Demographic Health Survey data of under-five children from 23 SSA countries (n = 787,484) were used. Cox proportional hazard models described the association between exposure to tobacco smoke and the risk of under-five mortality in each country, with age as the time-to-event indicator...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542122/announcement-world-no-tobacco-day-may-31-2017
#15
(no author information available yet)
Each year, the global tobacco epidemic kills an estimated 6 million persons worldwide, including 600,000 who die from secondhand smoke exposure. If current trends continue, it is estimated that by 2030 tobacco use will result in approximately 8 million deaths worldwide annually; an estimated 80% of these preventable deaths will occur in low- and middle-income countries (1).
May 26, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541868/perceptions-of-harm-to-children-exposed-to-secondhand-aerosol-from-electronic-vapor-products-styles-survey-2015
#16
Kimberly H Nguyen, Van T Tong, Kristy Marynak, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: The US Surgeon General has concluded that e-cigarette aerosol is not harmless and can contain harmful and potentially harmful chemicals, including nicotine. We assessed factors associated with adults' perceptions of harm related to children's exposure to secondhand aerosol from electronic vapor products (EVPs). METHODS: Data came from the 2015 Styles, an Internet panel survey of US adults aged 18 years or older (n = 4,127). Respondents were asked whether they believe aerosol from other people's EVPs causes children harm...
May 25, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532658/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-pediatric-healthcare-visits-and-hospitalizations
#17
Ashley L Merianos, Roman A Jandarov, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) as measured by serum cotinine and healthcare utilization among children. METHODS: In 2016, the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data were analyzed including 4,985 children aged 3-19 years. Associations between SHSe and having a routine place for healthcare, type of place, and hospital utilization were examined using logistic regression models. Poisson regression analyses assessed the relationship between SHSe and number of hospital admissions...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525994/noticing-cigarette-health-warnings-and-support-for-new-health-warnings-among-non-smokers-in-china-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-project-itc-china-survey
#18
Zejun Li, Tara Elton Marshall, Geoffrey T Fong, Anne Chiew Kin Quah, Guoze Feng, Yuan Jiang, Sara C Hitchman
BACKGROUND: Health warnings labels (HWLs) have the potential to effectively communicate the health risks of smoking to smokers and non-smokers, and encourage smokers to quit. This study sought to examine whether non-smokers in China notice the current text-only HWLs and whether they support adding more health information and including pictures on HWLs. METHODS: Adult non-smokers (n = 1324) were drawn from Wave 4 (September 2011-November 2012) of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) China Survey...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522562/estrogen-and-cigarette-sidestream-smoke-particulate-matter-exhibit-er%C3%AE-dependent-tumor-promoting-effects-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells
#19
Lun-Cheng Kuo, Li-Chuan Cheng, Chia-Huei Lee, Chun-Ju Lin, Pei-Yu Chen, Lih-Ann Li
Estrogen and secondhand smoke are key risk factors for nonsmoking female lung cancer patients, who frequently have lung adenocarcinoma and show tumor ERα expression. We speculated that estrogen and secondhand smoke might cause harmful effects via ERα signaling. Our results showed that 17β-estradiol (E2), the primary form of endogenous estrogen, exacerbated proliferation, migration, and granzyme B resistance of lung adenocarcinoma cells in an ERα-dependent manner. Cigarette sidestream smoke particulate matter (CSSP), the major component of secondhand smoke, could activate ERα activity dose dependently in human lung adenocarcinoma cells...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515183/modeling-lifetime-costs-and-health-outcomes-attributable-to-secondhand-smoke-exposure-at-home-among-korean-adult-women
#20
Jiyae Lee, Ah Ram Han, Dalwoong Choi, Kyung-Min Lim, SeungJin Bae
PURPOSE: The aim of this research is to estimate lifetime costs and health consequences for Korean adult women who were exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to project the lifetime healthcare costs and health outcomes of a hypothetical cohort of Korean women who are 40 years old and were married to current smokers. The Korean epidemiological data were used to reflect the natural history of SHS-exposed and non-exposed women...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
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