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Secondhand smoke

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924231/a-tobacco-cessation-intervention-with-rural-medically-underserved-blue-collar-employees-a-quasiexperimental-study
#1
Telisa Stewart, Margaret K Formica, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Dongliang Wang, Meg Gerrard
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase knowledge regarding the dangers associated with tobacco use, and decrease secondhand smoke exposure and tobacco use behaviors with an antitobacco messaging campaign among rural, medically underserved, blue-collar workers. METHODS: A quasiexperimental study was conducted with employees at two worksites. One worksite received the intervention, which consisted of nine different antitobacco messages. Baseline and follow-up surveys were conducted at each worksite to assess change in knowledge and behavior; the data were compared across the two worksites...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918950/association-between-breath-alcohol-concentration-and-waterpipe-lounge-patrons-carbon-monoxide-exposure-a-field-investigation
#2
Eleanor L Leavens, Emma I Brett, Summer Frank, Raees A Shaikh, Thad R Leffingwell, Julie M Croff, Theodore L Wagener
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Concurrent alcohol use and waterpipe (WP) smoking is common among young adults. WP smokers are more than twice as likely to use alcohol as non-users and frequently consume alcohol immediately before and during a WP smoking session. It is unclear what impact alcohol has on WP smoking patterns and resultant exposure to tobacco-related toxicants. The current research aimed to understand the association between alcohol consumption and WP smoke exposure among WP lounge patrons...
November 16, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911435/detecting-biomarkers-of-secondhand-marijuana-smoke-in-young-children
#3
Karen M Wilson, Michelle R Torok, Binnian Wei, Lanqing Wang, Michelle Robinson, Connie S Sosnoff, Benjamin C Blount
BACKGROUND: The impact of secondhand marijuana smoke exposure on children is unknown. New methods allow detection of secondhand marijuana smoke in children. METHODS: We studied children ages 1 month to 2 years hospitalized with bronchiolitis in Colorado from 2013-2015. Parents completed a survey, and urine samples were analyzed for cotinine using LC/MS/MS (LOD 0.03 ng/ml) and marijuana metabolites including COOH-THC (LOD 0.015 ng/ml). RESULTS: A total of 43 subjects had urine samples available for analysis...
December 2, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908979/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-risk-of-lung-cancer-in-japan-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-epidemiologic-studies
#4
Satoru Shikata, Yousuke Takemura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905988/a-population-study-on-the-time-trend-of-cigarette-smoking-cessation-and-exposure-to-secondhand-smoking-from-2001-to-2013-in-taiwan
#5
Chi-Yung Chiang, Hsing-Yi Chang
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) commenced in Taiwan. This survey, conducted on a sample of the whole Taiwanese population, is nationally representative and has a high response rate (>80 %). As a result, the four already completed surveys from 2001 to 2013 can be used to investigate the time trend of smoking prevalence, the rate of cessation, and exposure to secondhand smoking. METHODS: There were 72918 adults combined from the 2001, 2005, 2009 and 2013 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS)...
November 5, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905059/exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-impairs-fracture-healing-in-rats
#6
Hildemberg A R Santiago, Ariane Zamarioli, Manoel D Sousa Neto, Jose B Volpon
BACKGROUND: Nonsmokers may be affected by environmental tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke), but the effects of such exposure on fracture healing have not been well studied. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To explore the possible effects of passive inhalation of tobacco smoke on the healing of a diaphyseal fracture in femurs of rats. We hypothesized that secondhand exposure to tobacco smoke adversely affects fracture healing. METHODS: A mid-diaphyseal fracture was created in the femur of 41 female Wistar rats and fixed with an intramedullary metallic pin; 14 rats were excluded (nine for inadequate fractures and five for K wire extrusion)...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898019/association-between-family-and-friend-smoking-status-and-adolescent-smoking-behavior-and-e-cigarette-use-in-korea
#7
Myoung Jin Joung, Mi Ah Han, Jong Park, So Yeon Ryu
Smoking is harmful to the health of adolescents because their bodies are still growing. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between the smoking status of Korean adolescents' parents and friends and their own smoking behavior. The study assessed a nationwide sample of 72,060 middle and high students from the 10th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (2014). Descriptive analysis, chi-square tests, and multiple logistic regression analysis were used to probe the association between family and friend smoking status and adolescent smoking behavior...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890530/provider-perspectives-on-adding-biomarker-screening-for-tobacco-smoke-exposure-to-lead-screening-at-well-child-visits
#8
Winta Ghidei, Gail Brottman, Eline Lenne, Tukhanh Quan, Anne Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Measurement of cotinine, a biomarker of tobacco smoke exposure, can accurately identify children at risk of health consequences from secondhand smoke. This study reports perspectives from pediatric health care providers on incorporating routine cotinine screening into well-child visits. METHODS: Key informant interviews (N = 28) were conducted with pediatric primary care providers: physicians, nurse practitioners, and registered nurses. RESULTS: Themes identified in the interviews included the following: (a) Cotinine screening would assess children's exposure to tobacco smoke more reliably than parental report; (b) Addressing positive cotinine screening results might require additional resources; (c) Wheezing and a history of emergency department visits increased the salience of cotinine screening; and (d) A better understanding of the significance of specific cotinine test values would improve utility...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885169/children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-at-home-before-and-after-smoke-free-legislation-in-taiwan
#9
Ying-Ting Wang, Yi-Wen Tsai, Tzu-I Tsai, Po-Yin Chang
INTRODUCTION: In January 2009, Taiwan broadened smoke-free legislation, requiring mass transportation systems, indoor public areas and indoor workplaces with 3 or more people, to become smoke-free. We investigated the secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home for children aged 3-11 years in Taiwan before and after the implantation of the legislation. METHODS: We studied 7911 children from the 2005, 2009 and 2013 National Health Interview Surveys (cross-sectional, nationally representative household surveys)...
November 24, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880653/new-research-on-secondhand-smoke-implications-for-research-and-practice
#10
EDITORIAL
Richard Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866598/never-smoking-adolescents-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-in-africa
#11
Daniel Owusu, Hadii M Mamudu, Rijo M John, Abdallah Ibrahim, Ahmed E O Ouma, Sreenivas P Veeranki
INTRODUCTION: Though Africa is in Stage 1 of the tobacco epidemic, lack of effective public smoking laws or political will implies that secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure may be high in youth. The study objective is to estimate prevalence and identify determinants of SHS exposure among never-smoker adolescents in Africa and make cross-country comparisons. METHODS: Pooled data from the Global Youth Tobacco Surveys conducted in 25 African countries during 2006-2011 were used...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856339/association-between-secondhand-smoke-and-glycemic-control-in-adult-diabetes-patients
#12
Dare Kim, Soo Choy Yoon, Eun-Cheol Park
Diabetes is a major chronic disease, and many studies have shown an association between diabetes with severe complications and certain causes of diabetes, including secondhand smoke. Smoking has been considered a significant issue around the world, and research has been conducted on its relationship with diseases including diabetes. However, previous studies have focused on the onset of diabetes, rather than glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Thus, this study aims to provide evidence of a relationship between secondhand smoke and glycemic control...
November 14, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852512/the-association-of-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-and-ct-angiography-verified-coronary-atherosclerosis
#13
David F Yankelevitz, Matthew D Cham, Harvey Hecht, Rowena Yip, Joseph Shemesh, Jagat Narula, Claudia I Henschke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of the extent of atherosclerosis on coronary computed tomographic angiography to the extent of secondhand tobacco smoke (SHTS) exposure in asymptomatic never smokers. BACKGROUND: A dose-related association between SHTS and coronary artery calcium has been reported, but the total extent of atherosclerosis has not been investigated. METHODS: Two hundred sixty-eight never smokers, ages 40 to 80 years, completed a questionnaire assessing risk factors and extent of lifetime SHTS exposure, providing a total SHTS exposure score...
November 5, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852511/risk-of-ascvd%C3%A2-and-secondhand-tobacco%C3%A2-exposure-all-smoke-and-mirrors-no-more
#14
EDITORIAL
Khurram Nasir, Jaideep Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845754/secondhand-smoke-is-an-important-modifiable-risk-factor-in-sickle-cell-disease-a-review-of-the-current-literature-and-areas-for-future-research
#15
REVIEW
S Christy Sadreameli, Benjamin T Kopp, Susan E Creary, Michelle N Eakin, Sharon McGrath-Morrow, John J Strouse
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an autosomal recessive hemoglobinopathy that causes significant morbidity and mortality related to chronic hemolytic anemia, vaso-occlusion, and resultant end-organ damage. Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) through secondhand smoke exposure in people with SCD of all ages and through primary smoking in adolescents and adults is associated with significantly increased morbidity, with increased rates of emergency department visits and hospitalizations for painful vaso-occlusive crises and acute chest syndrome (ACS)...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834840/the-effect-of-a-pilot-pediatric-in-patient-department-based-smoking-cessation-intervention-on-parental-smoking-and-children-s-secondhand-smoke-shs-exposure-in-guangxi-china
#16
Kaiyong Huang, Li Yang, Jonathan P Winickoff, Jing Liao, Guangmin Nong, Zhiyong Zhang, Xia Liang, Gang Liang, Abu S Abdullah
Children's exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home has numerous adverse health effects. This study evaluated the effects of a pediatric in-patient department-based pilot smoking cessation intervention for household members to reduce children's SHS exposure and encourage smoking cessation. A pre-post test design study was designed to assess the effectiveness of a telephone counseling intervention on household members of hospitalized children in pediatric departments. Data were collected with a standardized Chinese language questionnaire...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834821/association-between-secondhand-smoke-in-hospitality-venues-and-urinary-4-methylnitrosamino-1-3-pyridyl-1-butanol-concentrations-in-non-smoking-staff
#17
Jeonghoon Kim, Kiyoung Lee, Ho-Jang Kwon, Do Hoon Lee, KyooSang Kim
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between urinary cotinine and total 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) concentrations in non-smoking staff and the indoor levels of fine particles (PM2.5) in hospitality venues that allow smoking, with respect to demographic and indoor environmental factors. We evaluated 62 hospitality venues that allowed smoking in Seoul, Korea. A real-time aerosol monitor was used to measure indoor PM2.5 concentrations. Field technicians recorded indoor environmental characteristics...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822144/a-population-study-on-the-time-trend-of-cigarette-smoking-cessation-and-exposure-to-secondhand-smoking-from-2001-to-2013-in-taiwan
#18
Chi-Yung Chiang, Hsing-Yi Chang
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) commenced in Taiwan. This survey, conducted on a sample of the whole Taiwanese population, is nationally representative and has a high response rate (>80 %). As a result, the four already completed surveys from 2001 to 2013 can be used to investigate the time trend of smoking prevalence, the rate of cessation, and exposure to secondhand smoking. METHODS: There were 72918 adults combined from the 2001, 2005, 2009 and 2013 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS)...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811157/income-inequality-and-u-s-children-s-secondhand-smoke-exposure-distinct-associations-by-race-ethnicity
#19
Edmond D Shenassa, Lauren M Rossen, Jonathan Cohen, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Devon C Payne-Sturges
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have found considerable racial and ethnic disparities in second-hand smoke exposure. Although a number of individual-level determinants of this disparity have been identified, contextual determinants of racial and ethnic disparities in second-hand smoke exposure remain unexamined. The objective of this study was to examine disparities in serum cotinine in relation to area-level income inequality among 14,649 children from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 3, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807126/secondhand-smoke-from-multiple-sources-thirdhand-smoke-and-respiratory-symptoms-in-hong-kong-adolescents
#20
Lok Tung Leung, Sai Yin Ho, Man Ping Wang, Tai Hing Lam
INTRODUCTION: Reports on involuntary tobacco smoke exposure in children have focused mostly on secondhand smoke (SHS) from smoking inside the home. We studied the separate and combined prevalence of SHS exposure from multiple sources and thirdhand smoke (THS) and the associations with respiratory symptoms in Hong Kong adolescents. METHODS: In 2010-11, 61810 Secondary 1 (US Grade 7) to 7 students reported their smoking status, respiratory symptoms and exposure to 4 sources of tobacco smoke in the past 7 days...
November 2, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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