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Secondhand smoke

A G Radhika, Sruthi Bhaskaran, Jagdish Kaur, Anshuja Singla, Tusha Sharma, B D Banerjee
Gynecological effects due to smokeless tobacco exposure are not well studied. This cross-sectional study was undertaken with the objective to evaluate the urinary cotinine levels in women of reproductive age with gynecological complaints. The study was conducted in 2015 at the outpatient clinic of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi. A total of 192 consecutive women presenting with gynecological complaints (pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, and menstrual abnormality) were recruited...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
Nyein Aye Tun, Thuzar Chittin, Naveen Agarwal, Mya Lay New, Yamin Thaung, Pyi Pyi Phyo
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption among youths poses significant public health problem in developing countries. This study utilized the available data of Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) to assess the prevalence of tobacco use among Myanmar adolescents. OBJECTIVES: We have conducted the fourth round of the GYTS in Myanmar during 2016 to monitor trends in tobacco use. METHODS: We have selected 51 schools using random sampling based on probability proportional to school enrollment...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
Pantip Chotbenjamaporn, Vilailak Haruhansapong, Pensom Jumriangrit, Siriwan Pitayarangsarit, Naveen Agarwal, Renu Garg
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use often starts in adolescence and is a leading cause of premature mortality. Two previous rounds of the global youth tobacco survey (GYTS) found that a significant proportion of Thai youth currently smoke. OBJECTIVES: We conducted the third round of GYTS in Thailand in 2015 to monitor trends in tobacco use. METHODS: We selected 31 public and private secondary schools using random sampling based on probability proportional to school enrolment...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
Jagdish Kaur, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are being marketed to tobacco smokers for use in places where smoking is not allowed or as aids similar to pharmaceutical nicotine products to help cigarette smokers quit tobacco use. These are often flavored to make them more attractive for youth - ENDS use may lead young nonsmokers to take up tobacco products. Neither safety nor efficacy as a cessation aid of ENDS has been scientifically demonstrated. The adverse health effects of secondhand aerosol cannot be ruled out...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
Kristen C Giombi, Katherine M Kosa, Carrie Rains, Sheryl C Cates
BACKGROUND: Edible marijuana products have become extremely popular in states that have legalized marijuana for recreational use. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this research was to provide a better understanding of consumer perceptions of edible marijuana products, including why they prefer edibles relative to other forms of marijuana (e.g., smoking) and their concerns regarding the consumption of edibles. METHODS: We conducted eight focus groups (four groups in Denver, Colorado, and four groups in Seattle, Washington) in February 2016 with 62 adult consumers of edibles...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Kanae Bekki, Yohei Inaba, Shigehisa Uchiyama, Naoki Kunugita
Because of the health effects of secondhand smoke, the Japanese government is trying to establish an effective law for total avoidance of secondhand smoke in indoor environments for tobacco-free Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic games 2020, as requested by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Meanwhile, Philip Morris International has begun selling a new heat-not-burn tobacco, iQOS, which it claims is designed not to produce secondhand smoke. There is little scientific data, however, of the hazards and toxicity of iQOS...
2017: Journal of UOEH
Sabrina Fernandez
It is universally known that secondhand smoke is detrimental to children's health. There is emerging research about the negative effects of thirdhand smoke as well. Most pediatricians focus on the child's medical evaluation and treatment, without considering other family members as it impacts the child's health. Screening rates for secondhand smoke exposure are low to begin with, and when we find a family member who is smoking, most pediatricians feel comfortable counseling and referring, but many do not know how to prescribe nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
Joseph R Hageman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
Michael Schreuders, Naomi A Lagerweij, Bas van den Putte, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, the adoption of new tobacco control measures is needed to further reduce rates of adolescent smoking. Adolescents' support for future measures could increase the likelihood of adoption as this provides political leverage for tobacco control advocates. There is, however, scant evidence about to what extent and why adolescents support future measures. We therefore assessed adolescents' support for a range of future measures and explored the criteria that adolescents use to underpin their support...
September 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
Anne Berit Petersen, Holly C Stewart, Jon Walters, Maya Vijayaraghavan
Smoke-free policies effectively reduce secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among non-smokers, and reduce consumption, encourage quit attempts, and minimize relapse to smoking among smokers. Such policies are uncommon in permanent supportive housing (PSH) for formerly homeless individuals. In this study, we collaborated with a PSH provider in San Diego, California to assess a smoke-free policy that restricted indoor smoking. Between August and November 2015, residents completed a pre-policy questionnaire on attitudes toward smoke-free policies and exposure to secondhand smoke, and then 7-9 months after policy implementation residents were re-surveyed...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Ozge Yilmaz, Ahmet Turkeli, Ece Onur, Sema Bilge, Hasan Yuksel
OBJECTIVES: Prenatal and postnatal smoke exposures are associated with many lung diseases in children due to impaired lung function, increased inflammation, and oxidative stress. We aimed to determine the influence of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure on the levels of nasal glutathione, IL-8, IL-17, MMP-9, and TIMP-1, as well as serum surfactant protein-D (SP-D) in wheezy children. METHODS: We enrolled 150 children with recurrent wheezing and recorded wheezing characteristics at enrollment...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: Only one Brazilian study has examined the association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The current cross-sectional study examined this issue in Japan. METHODS: Study subjects were 1744 pregnant women. Between April 2007 and March 2008, information under study was obtained. Dietary patterns were derived from a factor analysis of 33 predefined food groups based on a self-administered diet history questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were defined as a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score ≥ 16...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
B F Moore, K A Sauder, A P Starling, B M Ringham, D H Glueck, D Dabelea
BACKGROUND: Infant adiposity may be influenced by several environmental risk factors, but few studies have explored these interactions. OBJECTIVE: To examine the interaction between exposure to secondhand smoke and breastfeeding exclusivity on adiposity at age 5 months. METHODS: We studied 813 mother-offspring pairs from the longitudinal Healthy Start study. Fat mass and fat-free mass were measured by air displacement plethysmography. Linear regression analyses were used to estimate the association between household smokers (none, any) with fat mass, fat-free mass, percent fat mass, weight-for-age z-score, weight-for-length z-score and BMI-for-age z-score as separate outcomes...
August 2017: Pediatric Obesity
Inho Bang, Young-Jin Jeong, Young-Yoon Park, Na-Yeon Moon, Junyong Lee, Tae-Hee Jeon
In Korea, the prevalence of depression is increasing in adolescents and the most common cause of death of adolescents has been reported as suicide. At a time of increasing predicament of mental health of adolescents, there are few studies on whether secondhand smoking is associated with mental health in adolescents. The objective of this study was to determine whether exposure to secondhand smoke is associated with mental health-related variables, such as depression, stress, and suicide, in Korean adolescents...
August 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Shaohua Yu, Zongshuan Duan, Pamela B Redmon, Michael P Eriksen, Jeffrey P Koplan, Cheng Huang
Mobile-phone-based smoking cessation intervention has been shown to increase quitting among smokers. However, such intervention has not yet been applied to secondhand smoke (SHS) reduction programs that target smoking parents of newborns. This randomized controlled trial, undertaken in Changchun, China, assessed whether interventions that incorporate traditional and mobile-phone-based education will help create smoke-free homes for infants and increase quitting among fathers. The results showed that the abstinence rates of the fathers at 6 months (adjusted OR: 3...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xiaonong Zou, Manman Jia, Xin Wang, Xiuyi Zhi
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death and morbidity in China. Smoking and exposure to secondhand smoking closely related to lung cancer. Recently, series policies of tobacco control and lung cancer prevention was carried out. However, burden of lung cancer is still serious, and smoking rate in male is still very high, and in never smokers exposure to secondhand smoking is still very extensive. In this paper, epidemic situation of lung cancer, smoking and second hand smoking are described, at the same time, current implementations of tobacco control policies are summarized...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Nevin Hammam, Tamer A Gheita
Smoking is an established risk factor for the development and severity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with prominent production of cytokines. The aim of the work was to study the possible effect of secondhand exposure on disease activity in non-smoking female RA patients. This cross-sectional study include 100 women with RA attending the rheumatology outpatient clinic and were grouped according to the non-smoking status into those not exposed to smoking and those considered secondhand smokers (SHS). Disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28) was calculated and the patients' global assessment (PGA) score were assessed...
August 25, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
Scott B Patten, Jeanne V A Williams, Dina H Lavorato, Benjamin Woolf, Jian Li Wang, Andrew G M Bulloch, Tolulope Sajobi
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have consistently linked smoking to poor mental health. Among non-smokers, some studies have also reported associations between secondhand smoke exposure and psychological symptoms. However, an association between secondhand smoke exposure and depressive disorders has not been well established. METHODS: This analysis used cross-sectional data from a series of 10 population surveys conducted in Canada between 2003 and 2013. The surveys targeted the Canadian household population, included a brief structured interview for past year major depressive episode (MDE) and included items assessing secondhand smoke exposure...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are common diseases with a heterogeneous distribution worldwide. Here, we present methods and disease and risk estimates for COPD and asthma from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) 2015 study. The GBD study provides annual updates on estimates of deaths, prevalence, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a summary measure of fatal and non-fatal disease outcomes, for over 300 diseases and injuries, for 188 countries from 1990 to the most recent year...
September 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Nur Nadia Mohamed, See Ling Loy, Poh Ying Lim, Abdullah Al Mamun, Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed
Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) can affect fetal brain development as well as subsequent neurodevelopment. This study aimed to determine the association between prenatal and postnatal SHS exposure with children's neurodevelopment at 2years of age. Among 107 mother-child pairs from a Malaysia prospective cohort, prenatal and postnatal SHS exposure was determined based on maternal and child hair nicotine concentrations. Multiple linear regressions were used to determine the association between prenatal and postnatal levels of nicotine in maternal and children's' hair with children's neurodevelopment...
August 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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