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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432210/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-complex-intervention-to-reduce-children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-in-the-home
#1
Elena Ratschen, Rebecca Thorley, Laura Jones, Magdalena Opazo Breton, Juliette Cook, Ann McNeill, John Britton, Tim Coleman, Sarah Lewis
OBJECTIVES: Exposing children to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) causes significant harm and occurs predominantly through smoking by caregivers in the family home. We report a trial of a complex intervention designed to reduce secondhand smoke exposure of children whose primary caregiver feels unable or unwilling to quit smoking. DESIGN: An open-label, parallel, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Deprived communities in Nottingham City and County, England PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers resident in Nottingham City and County in England who were at least 18 years old, the main caregiver of a child aged under 5 years living in their household, and reported that they were smoking tobacco inside their home...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422575/cardiovascular-risk-factors-of-long-term-care-workers
#2
Kelly Doran, Barbara Resnick
Little is known about long-term care workers' cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Thus, the authors used baseline objective and subjective data from 98 long-term care staff participating in a worksite health promotion study to provide a comprehensive CVD assessment. The median age of the sample was 32 years ( SD = 13.38). Nine (12.2%) participants smoked and 27 (37.0%) participants reported exposure to secondhand smoke. The average nightly hours of sleep was 6.5 ( SD = 1.18), with 24 (32%) participants reporting sleeping at least fairly bad...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413934/commonly-used-air-filters-fail-to-eliminate-secondhand-smoke-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-responses
#3
Thivanka Muthumalage, Karen Pritsos, Kenneth Hunter, Chris Pritsos
Secondhand smoke (SHS) causes approximately 50,000 deaths per year. Despite all the health warnings, smoking is still allowed indoors in many states exposing both workers and patrons to SHS on a daily basis. The opponents of smoking bans suggest that the present day air filtration systems remove the health hazards of exposure to SHS. In this study, using an acute SHS exposure model, we looked at the impact of commonly used air filters (MERV 8 pleated and MERV 8 pleated activated charcoal) on SHS by assessing the inflammatory response and the oxidative stress response in C57BL/6 mice...
April 16, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405342/association-between-secondhand-smoke-and-obesity-and-glucose-abnormalities-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2010
#4
Dulcie Kermah, Magda Shaheen, Deyu Pan, Theodore C Friedman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between cotinine level-confirmed secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and glycemic parameters and obesity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined a cohort of 6472 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1999-2010. Serum cotinine levels and self-reported data on smoking were used to determine smoking status. The outcome variables were body mass index (BMI) and glycemic status (HbA1c), Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and fasting plasma glucose (FPG)...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395076/in-home-smoking-in-households-with-women-of-reproductive-age-in-nepal-does-women-s-empowerment-matter
#5
Shanta Pandey, Vithya Murugan, Yagya B Karki, Amit Mathur
Authors examined the prevalence and predictors of in-home smoking in households with women of reproductive age. They analyzed data from 9,837 ever married women from 2011 Nepal Demographic Health Survey. About 17 percent of women and 66 percent of their husbands smoked and 58 percent of the women lived in homes that permitted in-home smoking. About 6 percent of the women were pregnant and 42 percent had given birth within the past five years. In-home tobacco use was equally prevalent in homes with and without young children and irrespective of women's pregnancy status...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390924/a-review-of-the-relationships-among-psychosocial-stress-secondhand-smoke-and-perinatal-smoking
#6
REVIEW
Karen R Damron
OBJECTIVE: To summarize and evaluate the recently published literature in which the relationships among psychosocial stress, smoking, and exposure to secondhand smoke during the perinatal period are examined, and to describe the characteristics and demographics of the samples. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases MEDLINE, Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, and PsychINFO. In addition, hand searches of reference lists supplemented the electronic search...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381639/gestational-exposure-to-sidestream-secondhand-cigarette-smoke-promotes-transgenerational-epigenetic-transmission-of-exacerbated-allergic-asthma-and-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#7
Shashi P Singh, Hitendra S Chand, Raymond J Langley, Neerad Mishra, Ted Barrett, Karin Rudolph, Carmen Tellez, Piotr T Filipczak, Steve Belinsky, Ali I Saeed, Aryaz Sheybani, Vernat Exil, Hemant Agarwal, Venkataramana K Sidhaye, Thomas Sussan, Shyam Biswal, Mohan Sopori
Embryonic development is highly sensitive to xenobiotic toxicity and in utero exposure to environmental toxins affects physiological responses of the progeny. In the United States, the prevalence of allergic asthma (AA) is inexplicably rising and in utero exposure to cigarette smoke increases the risk of AA and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in children and animal models. We reported that gestational exposure to sidestream cigarette smoke (SS), or secondhand smoke, promoted nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-dependent exacerbation of AA and BPD in mice...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376977/predictors-of-smoking-among-saudi-dental-students-in-jeddah
#8
Ameerah Y Mansour
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess tobacco use, secondhand smoke exposure, knowledge of health risks, and smoking predictors among dental students attending King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted and 420 dental students were invited to participate. Binary logistic regression analyses assessed the predictors of smoking. RESULTS: A total of 336 dental students completed the questionnaires with 25% reporting current or previous tobacco use and 96% reporting secondhand smoke exposure...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362870/gender-differences-in-first-and-secondhand-smoke-exposure-spirometric-lung-function-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-the-old-order-amish-a-novel-population-without-female-smoking
#9
Robert M Reed, Mark T Dransfield, Michael Eberlein, Michael Miller, Giora Netzer, Mary Pavlovich, Toni I Pollin, Steven M Scharf, Alan R Shuldiner, Don Sin, Braxton D Mitchell
Due to their relatively homogeneous lifestyle and living environment, the Amish offer a novel opportunity to study the health associations of tobacco smoke exposure, particularly secondhand smoke. We hypothesized that secondhand smoke exposure is associated with worse pulmonary and cardiometabolic health. We examined cross-sectional data on 3568 Amish study participants, including tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure from family members included in the study. Thirty-four percent of Amish men reported ever smoking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362801/exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-and-asthma-severity-among-children-in-connecticut
#10
Jessica P Hollenbach, Elizabeth D Schifano, Christopher Hammel, Michelle M Cloutier
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with greater asthma severity in children with physician-diagnosed asthma living in CT, and to examine whether area of residence, race/ethnicity or poverty moderate the association. METHODS: A large childhood asthma database in CT (Easy Breathing) was linked by participant zip code to census data to classify participants by area of residence. Multinomial logistic regression models, adjusted for enrollment date, sex, age, race/ethnicity, area of residence, insurance type, family history of asthma, eczema, and exposure to dogs, cats, gas stove, rodents and cockroaches were used to examine the association between self-reported exposure to SHS and clinician-determined asthma severity (mild, moderate, and severe persistent vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344544/the-association-between-occupational-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-life-satisfaction-among-adults-in-the-european-union
#11
Nikita B Rajani, Iris T Vlachantoni, Constantine I Vardavas, Filippos T Filippidis
BACKGROUND: Despite existing legislation, a large proportion of the European Union (EU) population is exposed to occupational secondhand smoke (SHS). The aim of this study was to explore associations between occupational exposure to SHS and self-reported life satisfaction. METHODS: We analysed data collected through the Eurobarometer survey (wave 82.4) from n = 11,788 individuals working in indoor spaces. The sample was representative of the population of the 28 EU member states...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343288/associations-between-household-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-health-problems-among-non-smoking-adolescents-in-the-republic-of-korea
#12
Sunhee Park
This study examined the association between household secondhand smoke exposure (HSHSE) and health status among non-smoking adolescents in Korea using two subsamples obtained from nationally representative cross-sectional secondary data: males (n = 25,653) and females (n = 31,187). Two self-reported HSHSE measures included exposure to household secondhand smoke during the week before the survey (yes or no) and number of days of HSHSE (1-7 days); and five self-reported health problems included asthma, perceived stress, depression, suicidal ideation, and self-rated health...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339916/antenatal-tobacco-use-and-secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-the-home-in-india
#13
Ritesh Mistry, Anjuli Dasika
Introduction: Antenatal tobacco use and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure can have grave health consequences. We estimated the prevalence of tobacco use and SHS exposure in the home among pregnant and reproductive age women in India, and identified sociodemographic risk factors. Methods: Data were from the National Family Health Survey-3 (2005-2006), a population-based cross-sectional survey. We measured current tobacco use and SHS exposure in the home, and used logistic regression analysis to identify sociodemographic risk factors...
March 2, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339751/changes-in-secondhand-smoke-exposure-after-smoke-free-legislation-spain-2006-2011
#14
Esteve Fernández, Marcela Fu, Mónica Pérez-Ríos, Anna Schiaffino, Xisca Sureda, María J López
Introduction: In 2011, the Spanish partial smoke-free legislation was extended to affect all enclosed settings, including hospitality venues and selected outdoor areas. This study evaluated the change in self-reported exposure to secondhand smoke among the adult, non-smoking population. Methods: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted on nationally representative samples of the adult (≥18 years) non-smoking Spanish population. One was conducted in 2006 (6 months after the first ban) and the other in 2011, 6 months after the new ban was implemented...
February 28, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329830/secondhand-smoke-prevalent-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-binary-mixture-induced-specific-mitogenic-and-pro-inflammatory-cell-signaling-events-in-lung-epithelial-cells
#15
Ross S Osgood, Brad L Upham, Pierre R Bushel, Kalpana Velmurugan, Ka-Na Xiong, Alison K Bauer
Low molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (LMW PAHs; < 206.3 g/mol) are prevalent and ubiquitous environmental contaminants, presenting a human health concern, and have not been as thoroughly studied as the high MW PAHs. LMW PAHs exert their pulmonary effects, in part, through P38-dependent and -independent mechanisms involving cell-cell communication and the production of pro-inflammatory mediators known to contribute to lung disease. Specifically, we determined the effects of two representative LMW PAHs, 1-methylanthracene (1-MeA) and fluoranthene (Flthn), individually and as a binary PAH mixture on the dysregulation of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and connexin 43 (Cx43), activation of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK), and induction of inflammatory mediators in a mouse non-tumorigenic alveolar type II cell line (C10)...
January 30, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304347/plausible-roles-for-rage-in-conditions-exacerbated-by-direct-and-indirect-secondhand-smoke-exposure
#16
REVIEW
Joshua B Lewis, Kelsey M Hirschi, Juan A Arroyo, Benjamin T Bikman, David L Kooyman, Paul R Reynolds
Approximately 1 billion people smoke worldwide, and the burden placed on society by primary and secondhand smokers is expected to increase. Smoking is the leading risk factor for myriad health complications stemming from diverse pathogenic programs. First- and second-hand cigarette smoke contains thousands of constituents, including several carcinogens and cytotoxic chemicals that orchestrate chronic inflammatory responses and destructive remodeling events. In the current review, we outline details related to compromised pulmonary and systemic conditions related to smoke exposure...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303469/association-between-maternal-exposure-to-tobacco-presence-of-tgfa-gene-and-the-occurrence-of-oral-clefts-a-case-control-study
#17
Mohammed Junaid, M B Aswath Narayanan, D Jayanthi, S G Ramesh Kumar, A Leena Selvamary
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between maternal tobacco use or exposure, presence of variant transforming growth factor alpha (TGFA) gene, and the occurrence of oral clefts. METHODS: The present case control study was carried out for 5 months in three tertiary government hospitals in Chennai city with a sample of 100 children (50 children with non syndromic cleft and 50 control) aged 0-24 months. The details of maternal risk factors during the period of gestation were recorded from case and control parents through a pre-validated questionnaire, following which blood samples from 92 children (46 case and 46 controls) based on consent were obtained and evaluated for TGFA gene polymorphism...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302920/attitudes-and-experiences-with-secondhand-smoke-and-smoke-free-policies-among-subsidised-and-market-rate-multiunit-housing-residents-living-in-six-diverse-communities-in-the-usa
#18
Andrea S Gentzke, Andrew Hyland, Marc Kiviniemi, Mark J Travers
BACKGROUND: Given that higher smoking rates persist among lower socioeconomic populations, multiunit housing (MUH) environments may result in higher secondhand smoke (SHS) exposures among subsidised MUH residents. This cross-sectional assessment compares experiences with SHS and smoke-free policies among subsidised and market-rate MUH residents living in six US communities. METHODS: MUH residents (n=1565) were surveyed regarding their smoke-free rules (home and building), SHS exposures and preferences towards smoke-free policies...
March 16, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274385/secondhand-smoke-exposure-of-children-at-home-and-prevalence-of-parental-smoking-following-implementation-of-the-new-tobacco-control-law-in-macao
#19
Z L Zheng, H Y Deng, C P Wu, W L Lam, W S Kuok, W J Liang, H L Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate secondhand smoke exposure (SHS) of children at home and the prevalence of parental smoking after implementation of the new tobacco control law in Macao. This study explored whether the smoking ban in public places in Macao has decreased the prevalence of smoking or led to increased SHS exposure of children at home. As smokers cannot smoke in public places any more, they may smoke at home more frequently; a displacement effect of smoke-free legislation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253085/water-pipe-shisha-hookah-arghile-smoking-and-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-effects-on-cyp1a2-and-cyp2a6-phenotypes-as-measured-by-caffeine-urine-test
#20
Şenay Görücü Yılmaz, Adrián Llerena, Fernando De Andrés, Ümit Karakaş, Hasan Gündoğar, Kamile Erciyas, Sabit Kimyon, Alper Mete, Kıvanç Güngör, Vural Özdemir
Public policies to stop or reduce cigarette smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke and associated diseases have yielded successful results over the past decade. Yet, the growing worldwide popularity of another form of tobacco consumption, water pipe smoking, has received relatively less attention. To the best of our knowledge, no study to date has evaluated the effects of water pipe smoking on cytochrome P450 (CYP450) activities and drug interaction potential in humans, whereas only limited information is available on the impact of secondhand smoke on drug metabolism...
March 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
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