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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166367/smoke-free-policies-in-the-world-s-50-busiest-airports-august-2017
#1
Michael A Tynan, Elizabeth Reimels, Jennifer Tucker, Brian A King
Exposure to secondhand smoke from burning tobacco products causes premature death and disease, including coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer among nonsmoking adults and sudden infant death syndrome, acute respiratory infections, middle ear disease, exacerbated asthma, respiratory symptoms, and decreased lung function in children (1,2). The U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that there is no risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke (1). Previous CDC reports on airport smoke-free policies found that most large-hub airports in the United States prohibit smoking (3); however, the extent of smoke-free policies at airports globally has not been assessed...
November 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164725/a-scoping-review-of-environmental-health-nursing-research
#2
Barbara J Polivka, Rosemary V Chaudry
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the extent and focus of published environmental health nursing research. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The search was limited to peer reviewed, English-language environmental health nursing research with at least one nursing author, published between 1995 and 2015 in a nursing journal, and catalogued in CINAHL. RESULTS: Publication of the 548 identified articles occurred in 118 different nursing journals...
November 22, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160902/proportion-and-number-of-cancer-cases-and-deaths-attributable-to-potentially-modifiable-risk-factors-in-the-united-states
#3
Farhad Islami, Ann Goding Sauer, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Eric J Jacobs, Marjorie L McCullough, Alpa V Patel, Jiemin Ma, Isabelle Soerjomataram, W Dana Flanders, Otis W Brawley, Susan M Gapstur, Ahmedin Jemal
Contemporary information on the fraction of cancers that potentially could be prevented is useful for priority setting in cancer prevention and control. Herein, the authors estimate the proportion and number of invasive cancer cases and deaths, overall (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers) and for 26 cancer types, in adults aged 30 years and older in the United States in 2014, that were attributable to major, potentially modifiable exposures (cigarette smoking; secondhand smoke; excess body weight; alcohol intake; consumption of red and processed meat; low consumption of fruits/vegetables, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium; physical inactivity; ultraviolet radiation; and 6 cancer-associated infections)...
November 21, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159409/marijuana-secondhand-smoke-and-social-acceptability
#4
Stanton A Glantz, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Matthew L Springer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149621/the-risk-factors-related-to-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xiaohong Niu, Hui Wang, Weihan Yang, Jie Qiu, Lan Yang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was performed to determine the risk factors related to bruxism in children. DESIGN: This systematic review was conducted with reporting in agreement to the PRISMA statement and according to guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We conducted a systematic search of seven online databases, with the last search updated on 1st October 2016. The seven databases were Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, and WF...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142039/risk-factors-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-exposure-to-cigarette-smoke-and-air-pollution-from-pregnancy-to-disease-diagnosis
#6
Camila Maria Paiva França, Adriana Maluf Elias Sallum, Alfésio Luis Ferreira Braga, Fernando Louzada Strufaldi, Clovis Artur Almeida Silva, Sylvia Costa Lima Farhat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exposure to environmental factors inhaled during pregnancy and after birth until juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) diagnosis among residents of a large city. METHODS: This is an exploratory case-control study that consists of 66 patients with JIA and 124 healthy controls matched by age and sex, living in the São Paulo, Brazil, metropolitan area until JIA diagnosis, and whose mothers had resided in this region during pregnancy. A structured and reliable questionnaire (κ index for test-retest was 0...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135950/establishing-smoke-free-homes-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-australia-new-zealand-canada-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Leah Stevenson, Sandy Campbell, India Bohanna, Gillian S Gould, Jan Robertson, Alan R Clough
A smoke-free home can have multiple benefits by reducing exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS), supporting quit attempts among active smokers, and discouraging adolescents from taking up smoking. The aim of this review was to summarize the literature on the establishment of smoke-free homes in Indigenous populations and identify the supporting influences and barriers, using the Social Cognitive Theory lens. A search of the Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Collaboration and PyscINFO databases and manual searches of relevant peer-reviewed literature was completed, focusing on Indigenous populations in developed economies of North America and Oceania...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135203/jeh-quiz-4-lung-cancer-worry-and-home-screening-for-radon-and-secondhand-smoke-in-renters
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135198/lung-cancer-worry-and-home-screening-for-radon-and-secondhand-smoke-in-renters
#9
Ellen J Hahn, Marissa Hooper, Carol Riker, Karen M Butler, Kathy Rademacher, Amanda Wiggins, Mary Kay Rayens
Lung cancer is largely preventable by eliminating tobacco smoke and radon exposure. This exploratory study assessed the relationships of demographic factors, including having one or more smokers living in the household, and a) lung cancer worry and b) completion of home screening for radon and secondhand smoke (SHS) among renters. A convenience sample of renters (N = 47) received free test kits for radon and SHS as part of a larger study. Demographic factors, lung cancer worry, and completion of home testing were assessed at baseline...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132418/indoor-air-pollution-from-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-solid-fuels-and-kerosene-in-homes-with-active-tuberculosis-disease-in-south-africa
#10
Jessica L Elf, Onyinyechi Eke, Modiehi Rakgokong, Ebrahim Variava, Yudesh Baliram, Katlego Motlhaoleng, Limakatso Lebina, Adrienne E Shapiro, Patrick N Breysse, Jonathan E Golub, Neil Martinson
OBJECTIVES: Secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS), use of solid fuels, and kerosene may play an important role in perpetuating the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic. The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of household air pollution (HAP) from these sources in homes of someone with TB in a high HIV-prevalence setting. A convenience sample of homes and household members participating in an ongoing active case-finding study in Matlosana district townships surrounding Klerksdorp, South Africa were included...
November 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119083/awareness-of-health-effects-of-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-from-cigarettes-a-cross-sectional-study-of-never-smoked-adult-primary-care-patients-in-eastern-nigeria
#11
Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Peace Ifeoma Collins
Background: Cigarette smoking whether actively or passively is a growing public health problem. Despite the wealth of information on the hazards of active cigarette smoking, awareness of the health effects of passive smoking on human population is often neglected in Nigeria. Aim: The study was aimed at describing the awareness of health effects of exposure to secondhand smoke from cigarettes among never-smoked adult primary care patients in Eastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based study carried out on a cross-section of 500 adult patients in a primary care clinic in Nigeria...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116535/prevalence-of-asthma-and-associated-factors-among-male-late-adolescents-in-tabriz-iran
#12
Mohammad Ghanbari Ghozikali, Khalil Ansarin, Kazem Naddafi, Ramin Nabizadeh Nodehi, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Masud Yunesian
Asthma is an important chronic disease all over the world. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asthma in a population of male late adolescents and its association with some contributing risk factors in northwest of Iran. This cross-sectional study was carried out in selected high schools of Tabriz, Iran, in 2016. The asthma prevalence and patient background information were examined using a questionnaire that prepared by the ISAAC. One hundred forty-two out of 1134 subjects (12.4%) identified to have asthma, 23...
November 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102505/validity-of-self-reported-intensity-of-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-at-home-against-environmental-and-personal-markers
#13
José M Martínez-Sánchez, Adrián González-Marrón, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Xisca Sureda, Marcela Fu, Raúl Pérez-Ortuño, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Iñaki Galán, José Antonio Pascual, Esteve Fernández
The objective of this study was to assess the validity of two questions about the perception of intensity of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home using as a reference environmental markers (airborne nicotine and benzene) and biomarkers of exposure (cotinine in saliva and urine). This was a cross-sectional study in a convenience sample of 49 non-smoking volunteers. We found a high correlation between self-reported SHS exposure and airborne nicotine (rsp=0.806, p<0.05), salivary cotinine (rsp=0.752, p<0...
November 1, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093657/hotel-smoking-policies-and-their-implementation-a-survey-of-california-hotel-managers
#14
Joy M Zakarian, Penelope J E Quintana, Carl H Winston, Georg E Matt
Background: Most states in the U.S. permit hotels to allow smoking in some guest rooms, and only five (Indiana, Michigan, North Dakota, Vermont, and Wisconsin) require that all hotel and motel rooms be 100% smoke-free (State and local 100% smokefree hotel and motel guest room laws enacted as of July 3, 2017). Little is known, however, about how hotels' smoking policies have been implemented. This study examined hotels' smoking policies and their implementation. Methods: A telephone survey of a random sample of 383 California hotel managers was conducted...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093356/social-inequalities-in-secondhand-smoke-among-japanese-non-smokers-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Yusuke Matsuyama, Jun Aida, Toru Tsuboya, Shihoko Koyama, Yukihiro Sato, Atsushi Hozawa, Ken Osaka
BACKGROUND: Secondhand smoke (SHS) causes many deaths. Inequalities in SHS have been reported in several countries; however, the evidence in Asian countries is scarce. We aimed to investigate the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and SHS at home and the workplace/school among non-smoking Japanese adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the Miyagi Prefectural Health Survey 2014 were analyzed. Self-reported questionnaires were randomly distributed to residents ≥20 years of age and 2,443 (92...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089103/the-feasibility-of-an-air-purifier-and-secondhand-smoke-education-intervention-in-homes-of-inner-city-pregnant-women-and-infants-living-with-a-smoker
#16
Jessica L Rice, Emily Brigham, Rebecca Dineen, Sadiya Muqueeth, Gena O'Keefe, Stephanie Regenold, Kirsten Koehler, Ana Rule, Meredith McCormack, Nadia N Hansel, Gregory B Diette
OBJECTIVES: Secondhand smoke (SHS) and other air pollutants adversely affect the health of pregnant women and infants. A feasibility study aimed at reducing air pollution in homes of pregnant women or infants living with a smoker was completed. METHODS: In collaboration with the Baltimore City Health Department, women ≥ 18 years of age and either pregnant nonsmokers, or post-partum (any smoking status) with an infant age 0-12 months were recruited. Homes had at least one smoker...
October 29, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083219/smokers-who-are-unmotivated-to-quit-and-have-a-child-with-asthma-are-more-likely-to-quit-with-intensive-motivational-interviewing-and-repeated-biomarker-feedback
#17
Belinda Borrelli, Romano Endrighi, S Katharine Hammond, Shira Dunsiger
OBJECTIVE: Smokers who are not motivated to quit are an important group for intervention, particularly if they have children with asthma. Research indicates that unmotivated smokers are less responsive to intensive interventions, although motivation-by-treatment interactions have not been tested. This study examines whether motivation to quit moderates the effect of a cessation induction intervention. METHOD: Parents had an asthmatic child requiring urgent care, and did not have to want to quit smoking to be eligible for the study...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070563/low-serum-%C3%AF-3-and-%C3%AF-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-other-metabolites-are-associated-with-poor-linear-growth-in-young-children-from-rural-malawi
#18
Richard D Semba, Indi Trehan, Ximin Li, Norman Salem, Ruin Moaddel, M Isabel Ordiz, Kenneth M Maleta, Klaus Kraemer, Mark J Manary
Background: Stunting affects ∼25% of children <5 y of age and is associated with impaired cognitive and motor development and increased morbidity and mortality. The pathogenesis of stunting is poorly understood.Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify altered metabolic pathways associated with child stunting.Design: We measured 677 serum metabolites using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in a cross-sectional study of 400 Malawian children aged 12-59 mo, of whom 62% were stunted...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064170/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#19
Luis E Ortiz, Sharon A McGrath-Morrow, Laura M Sterni, Joseph M Collaco
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the effect of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) on sleep disordered breathing (SDB). We hypothesized that both the severity of prematurity and BPD would increase the likelihood of SDB in early childhood. Our secondary aim was to evaluate the association of demographic factors on the development of SDB. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patient factors and overnight polysomnogram (PSG) data of children enrolled in our BPD registry between 2008 and 2015...
December 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059420/changes-in-self-reported-smokefree-workplace-policy-coverage-among-employed-adults-united-states-2003-and-2010-2011
#20
Stephen Babb, Benmei Liu, Brandon Kenemer, Carissa Baker Holmes, Anne M Hartman, James T Gibson, Brian A King
Introduction: The workplace is a major source of exposure to secondhand smoke from combustible tobacco products. Smokefree workplace policies protect nonsmoking workers from secondhand smoke and help workers who smoke quit. This study examined changes in self-reported smokefree workplace policy coverage among U.S. workers from 2003 to 2010-2011. Methods: Data came from the 2003 (n = 74,728) and 2010-2011 (n = 70,749) waves of the Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey...
October 12, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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