keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Global initiative for obstructive lung disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785104/respiratory-medication-used-in-copd-patients-from-seven-latin-american-countries-the-lassyc-study
#1
Alejandro Casas, Maria Montes de Oca, Ana Mb Menezes, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Maria Victorina Lopez Varela, Laura Mendoza, Larissa Ramírez, Marc Miravitlles
Background: Limited information is available regarding medication use in COPD patients from Latin America. This study evaluated the type of medication used and the adherence to different inhaled treatments in stable COPD patients from the Latin American region. Methods: This was an observational, cross-sectional, multinational, and multicenter study in COPD patients attended by specialist doctors from seven Latin American countries. Adherence to inhaled therapy was assessed using the Test of Adherence to Inhalers (TAI) questionnaire...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779389/-prevalence-and-severity-of-chronic-parodontitis-and-oral-mucosal-lesions-in-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease
#2
Ágnes Bán, Zsolt Ferenc Németh, Adrienn Szauter, Szilvia Soós, Márta Balaskó
INTRODUCTION: Chronic parodontitis is a prevalent oral disease that may lead to the loss of teeth independently of caries. Some systemic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure) may aggravate chronic parodontitis. On the other hand, this oral disease may aggravate other systemic diseases. Earlier studies suggested a correlation between chronic parodontitis and very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AIM: The aim of our study was the investigation of the correlation between chronic parodontitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761977/-severity-classification-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-based-on-deep-learning
#3
Jun Ying, Ceyuan Yang, Quanzheng Li, Wanguo Xue, Tanshi Li, Wenzhe Cao
In this paper, a deep learning method has been raised to build an automatic classification algorithm of severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Large sample clinical data as input feature were analyzed for their weights in classification. Through feature selection, model training, parameter optimization and model testing, a classification prediction model based on deep belief network was built to predict severity classification criteria raised by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD)...
December 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750030/validation-of-exhaled-volatile-organic-compounds-analysis-using-electronic-nose-as-index-of-copd-severity
#4
Panaiotis Finamore, Claudio Pedone, Simone Scarlata, Alessandra Di Paolo, Simone Grasso, Marco Santonico, Giorgio Pennazza, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi
Aim: Six-minute walking test distance (6MWD) and body mass index, obstruction, dyspnea and exercise (BODE) index are measures of functional status in COPD patients, but require space, time and patient's compliance. Exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) analysis via electronic nose is a quick and easy method that has already been used to discriminate COPD phenotypes. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether VOCs analysis can predict functional status and its variation over time in COPD patients...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750027/efficacy-of-tiotropium-olodaterol-on-lung-volume-exercise-capacity-and-physical-activity
#5
Masakazu Ichinose, Yoshiaki Minakata, Takashi Motegi, Jun Ueki, Yasuhiro Gon, Tetsuo Seki, Tatsuhiko Anzai, Shuhei Nakamura, Kazuto Hirata
Purpose: This study evaluated the efficacy of tiotropium/olodaterol vs tiotropium on lung function, exercise capacity, and physical activity in patients with COPD. Patients and methods: A total of 184 patients aged ≥40 years with COPD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stage II-IV) received tiotropium/olodaterol for 6 weeks, then tiotropium for 6 weeks, or vice versa. The primary endpoint was inspiratory capacity (IC) at peak post-dose. Results: Adjusted mean IC after 6-week treatment was 1...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744319/correlation-of-severity-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disease-symptoms-with-that-of-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-multicenter-study
#6
Umesh Chandra Ojha, Devesh Pratap Singh, Omkar Kalidasrao Choudhari, Dipti Gothi, Shweta Singh
Introduction: There is a growing clinical awareness about the influence of gut-lung axis on lung injury and coexisting manifestations of disease processes in both the intestine and lungs. Patients of chronic lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma very often present with coexistent gut symptoms. In the present study, we have tried to establish the correlation of severity of pulmonary pathology of COPD and asthma patients with functional gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms of the patients...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740896/gold-assessment-of-copd-severity-in-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink-cprd
#7
Cristina Rebordosa, Estel Plana, Jaume Aguado, Steven Thomas, Esther García-Gil, Susana Perez-Gutthann, Jordi Castellsague
PURPOSE: To evaluate availability of spirometry and symptom data in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (United Kingdom) to assess COPD severity using the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2016 definition and comparing it with an algorithm used in other studies. METHODS: This was a descriptive, noninterventional, secondary database cohort study of patients with COPD aged 40 years or older, who initiated treatment with specific COPD medications...
May 8, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713155/bioinformatics-based-identification-of-potential-microrna-biomarkers-in-frequent-and-non-frequent-exacerbators-of-copd
#8
Xiao Liu, Jingge Qu, Weixiao Xue, Liangai He, Jun Wang, Xuejiao Xi, Xiaoxia Liu, Yunhong Yin, Yiqing Qu
Objectives: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play essential roles in the development of COPD. In this study, we aimed to identify and validate potential miRNA biomarkers in frequent and non-frequent exacerbators of COPD patients using bioinformatic analysis. Materials and methods: The candidate miRNA biomarkers in COPD were screened from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset and identified using GEO2R online tool. Then, we performed bioinformatic analyses including target prediction, gene ontology (GO), pathway enrichment analysis and construction of protein-protein interaction (PPI) network...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695900/the-link-between-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-phenotypes-and-histological-subtypes-of-lung-cancer-a-case-control-study
#9
Wei Wang, Mengshuang Xie, Shuang Dou, Liwei Cui, Chunyan Zheng, Wei Xiao
Background: COPD is considered an independent risk factor for lung cancer. COPD and lung cancer are both very heterogeneous diseases, and the study herein investigates the link between COPD phenotypes and specific histological subtypes of lung cancer. Methods: This case-control study comprised 2,283 patients with newly diagnosed pathological lung cancer and 2,323 non-lung cancer controls. All participants underwent pulmonary function tests. The diagnosis of COPD was based on Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease criteria...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692385/changes-in-global-initiative-for-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease-abcd-groups-and-the-impact-of-regrouping-on-treatment-a-comparison-of-2017-and-2014
#10
Ya-Nan Cui, Ping Chen, Zhong-Shang Dai, Yan Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676628/increasing-the-resolution-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-definition-lessons-from-a-cohort-with-remote-but-extensive-exposure-to-secondhand-tobacco-smoke
#11
Mehrdad Arjomandi, Siyang Zeng, Paul D Blanc, Warren M Gold
RATIONALE: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease criteria require a ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ) to forced vital capacity (FVC) (FEV1 /FVC) of less than 0.70 for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, whereas other criteria emphasize a lower limit of normal approach. However, the use of Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (or lower limit of normal) criteria may result in classification of many smokers with respiratory morbidities as not having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670346/prediction-of-severe-exacerbations-and-mortality-in-copd-the-role-of-exacerbation-history-and-inspiratory-capacity-total-lung-capacity-ratio
#12
João Cardoso, Ricardo Coelho, Carla Rocha, Constança Coelho, Luísa Semedo, A Bugalho Almeida
Background: Severe exacerbations and mortality are major outcomes in COPD, and risk factors for these events are actively searched for. Several predictors of mortality have been identified in COPD. The inspiratory capacity/total lung capacity (IC/TLC) ratio has been shown to be a strong predictor of all cause and respiratory mortality in patients with COPD. The major objectives of this study were to analyze which clinical parameters, including lung volumes, were the best predictors of the 5-year cumulative risk of hospital admissions or death and the 5-year risk of exacerbations, in stable COPD patients...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659150/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-prevalence-and-implications-for-surgical-treatment-outcome
#13
Oksana Kamenskaya, Irina Loginova, Alexander Chernyavskiy, Aleksander Edemskiy, Vladimir V Lomivorotov, Aleksander Karaskov
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and examine their impact on the results of pulmonary thrombendarterectomy (PEA). METHODS: We enrolled 136 patients with CTEPH who scheduled for elective PEA. Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) including full-body plethysmography with bronchodilation test and lung diffusion capacity assessment were performed in all patients prior to surgery treatment...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652760/influence-of-disease-severity-and-exercise-limitation-on-exercise-training-intensity-and-load-and-health-benefits-from-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd-an-exploratory-study
#14
Virginia C Huynh, Desi P Fuhr, Bradley W Byers, Anne-Marie Selzler, Linn E Moore, Michael K Stickland
PURPOSE: Some patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) fail to achieve health benefits with pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Exercise intensity and load represent stimulus for adaptation but it is unclear whether inappropriate exercise intensity and/or load are affected by severity of COPD, which may affect health benefits. The purpose was to determine whether COPD severity and/or the severity of pulmonary limitation to exercise (PLE) impacted exercising intensity or load and whether resultant intensity/load affected health outcomes derived from PR...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650407/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-china-a-nationwide-prevalence-study
#15
Liwen Fang, Pei Gao, Heling Bao, Xun Tang, Baohua Wang, Yajing Feng, Shu Cong, Juan Juan, Jing Fan, Ke Lu, Ning Wang, Yonghua Hu, Linhong Wang
BACKGROUND: Because of the rapid change in economic development and lifestyle in China, and the ageing population, concerns have grown that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) could become epidemic. An up-to-date nationwide estimation of COPD prevalence in China is needed. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of individuals from mainland China aged 40 years or older. The primary outcome was COPD, defined according to the 2017 Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) lung function criteria...
April 9, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650248/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-china-the-china-pulmonary-health-cph-study-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#16
Chen Wang, Jianying Xu, Lan Yang, Yongjian Xu, Xiangyan Zhang, Chunxue Bai, Jian Kang, Pixin Ran, Huahao Shen, Fuqiang Wen, Kewu Huang, Wanzhen Yao, Tieying Sun, Guangliang Shan, Ting Yang, Yingxiang Lin, Sinan Wu, Jianguo Zhu, Ruiying Wang, Zhihong Shi, Jianping Zhao, Xianwei Ye, Yuanlin Song, Qiuyue Wang, Yumin Zhou, Liren Ding, Ting Yang, Yahong Chen, Yanfei Guo, Fei Xiao, Yong Lu, Xiaoxia Peng, Biao Zhang, Dan Xiao, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Zuomin Wang, Hong Zhang, Xiaoning Bu, Xiaolei Zhang, Li An, Shu Zhang, Zhixin Cao, Qingyuan Zhan, Yuanhua Yang, Bin Cao, Huaping Dai, Lirong Liang, Jiang He
BACKGROUND: Although exposure to cigarette smoking and air pollution is common, the current prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unknown in the Chinese adult population. We conducted the China Pulmonary Health (CPH) study to assess the prevalence and risk factors of COPD in China. METHODS: The CPH study is a cross-sectional study in a nationally representative sample of adults aged 20 years or older from ten provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities in mainland China...
April 9, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649849/-copd-importance-of-lung-function-testing-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
Wolfram Windisch, Carl Peter Criée
Pulmonary function testing is essential for diagnosis and treatment-guidance of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Airway obstruction as assessed by spirometry should follow the reference-values provided by the Global Lung Initiative (GLI) of the European Respiratory Society (ERS). In addition, lung function testing should also include the assessment of lung hyperinflation and pulmonary emphysema by full-body plethysmography and determination of diffusion capacity. This is important since both, lung hyperinflation and pulmonary emphysema, can present without existing airway obstruction...
April 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642882/assessing-the-healthcare-resource-use-associated-with-inappropriate-prescribing-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-gold-groups-a-or-b-an-observational-study-using-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink
#18
James D Chalmers, Chris Poole, Samantha Webster, Abigail Tebboth, Scott Dickinson, Alicia Gayle
BACKGROUND: Recent recommendations from the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) position inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) for use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients experiencing exacerbations (≥ 2 or ≥ 1 requiring hospitalisation); i.e. GOLD groups C and D. However, it is known that ICS is frequently prescribed for patients with less severe COPD. Potential drivers of inappropriate ICS use may be historical clinical guidance or a belief among physicians that intervening early with ICS would improve outcomes and reduce resource use...
April 11, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628761/respiratory-parameters-predict-poor-outcome-in-copd-patients-category-gold-2017-b
#19
Kristian Brat, Marek Plutinsky, Karel Hejduk, Michal Svoboda, Patrice Popelkova, Jaromir Zatloukal, Eva Volakova, Miroslava Fecaninova, Lucie Heribanova, Vladimir Koblizek
Background: Respiratory parameters are important predictors of prognosis in the COPD population. Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2017 Update resulted in a vertical shift of patients across COPD categories, with category B being the most populous and clinically heterogeneous. The aim of our study was to investigate whether respiratory parameters might be associated with increased all-cause mortality within GOLD category B patients. Methods: The data were extracted from the Czech Multicentre Research Database, a prospective, noninterventional multicenter study of COPD patients...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618495/fibrinogen-does-not-relate-to-cardiovascular-or-muscle-manifestations-in-copd-cross-sectional-data-from-the-erica-study
#20
Divya Mohan, Julia R Forman, Matthew Allinder, Carmel M McEniery, Charlotte Emma Bolton, John R Cockcroft, William MacNee, Jonathan Fuld, Mellone Marchong, Nichola Sian Gale, Marie Fisk, Sridevi Nagarajan, Joseph Cheriyan, David A Lomas, Peter M A Calverley, Bruce E Miller, Ruth Tal-Singer, Ian B Wilkinson, Michael I Polkey
Cardiovascular and skeletal muscle manifestations constitute important comorbidities in COPD, with systemic inflammation proposed as a common mechanistic link. Fibrinogen has prognostic role in COPD. We aimed to determine whether aortic stiffness and quadriceps weakness are linked in COPD, and whether they are associated with the systemic inflammatory mediator-fibrinogen. Aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), quadriceps maximal volitional contraction (QMVC) force and fibrinogen were measured in 729 patients with stable, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) stages II-IV COPD...
April 4, 2018: Thorax
keyword
keyword
61315
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"