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"Attention deficit disorder"

Nuria García Marchena, Pedro Araos, Francisco Javier Pavón, Guillermo Ponce, María Pedraz, Antonia Serrano, Francisco Arias, Pablo Romero-Sanchiz, Juan Suárez, Antoni Pastor, Rafael De la Torre, Marta Torrens, Gabriel Rubio, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca
Alcohol addiction is associated with high psychiatric comorbidity. Objective stratification of patients is necessary to optimize care and improve prognosis. The present study is designed to gain insights into this challenge by addressing the following objectives: a) to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities in a sample of outpatients seeking treatment for alcohol use disorder, b) to describe the existence of gender differences and c) to validate 2-acyl-glycerols as biomarkers of alcohol use disorder and/or psychiatric comorbidity...
September 29, 2016: Adicciones
Margaret H Sibley, John T Mitchell, Stephen P Becker
Several studies have questioned the stability of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from childhood to adulthood. This systematic review illustrates how variability in diagnostic methods influences adult ADHD persistence estimates. Systematic database searches identified studies reporting adult ADHD persistence rates that were published in English between Jan 1, 1992, and May 31, 2016. Study inclusion criteria were systematic childhood diagnosis of attention-deficit disorder, ADHD, or a research diagnostic protocol that matched DSM-III, DSM-III-R, or DSM-IV standards; mean childhood age of younger than 12·0 years with no participants older than 18·0 years; and mean adult age of 18·0 years or older with no participants younger than 17·0 years...
October 10, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
L Brandejsky, J-A Micoulaud Franchi, R Lopez, S Bioulac, D Da Fonseca, C Daudet, L Boyer, R Richieri, C Lançon
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to summarize the available data in the literature about the therapeutic applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: The scientific literature search of international articles was performed in February 2016 using the PubMed electronic database. The following MeSH terms were employed: "attention-deficit disorder with hyperactivity" AND "transcranial magnetic stimulation", "attention-deficit disorder with hyperactivity" AND "transcranial direct current stimulation"...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
Megan Daugherty Douglas, Junjun Xu, Akilah Heggs, Glenda Wrenn, Dominic H Mack, George Rust
OBJECTIVE: This study characterized telemedicine utilization among Medicaid enrollees by patients' demographic characteristics, geographic location, enrollment type, eligibility category, and clinical conditions. METHODS: This study used 2008-2009 Medicaid claims data from 28 states and the District of Columbia to characterize telemedicine claims (indicated by GT for professional fee claims or Q3014 for facility fees) on the basis of patients' demographic characteristics, geographic location, enrollment type, eligibility category, and clinical condition as indicated by ICD-9 codes...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Fabio Acquaviva, Maria Elena Sana, Matteo Della Monica, Michele Pinelli, Diana Postorivo, Paolo Fontana, Maria Teresa Falco, Anna Maria Nardone, Fortunato Lonardo, Maria Iascone, Gioacchino Scarano
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a complex genetic disorder caused by interstitial 17p11.2 deletions encompassing multiple genes, including the retinoic acid induced 1 gene-RAI1-or mutations in RAI1 itself. The clinical spectrum includes developmental delay, cognitive impairment, and behavioral abnormalities, with distinctive physical features that become more evident with age. No patients have been reported to have had offspring. We here describe a girl with developmental delay, mainly compromising the speech area, and her mother with mild intellectual disabilities and minor dysmorphic features...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Soumaya Boudokhane, Hichem Ben Brahim, Aymen Haj Salah, Houda Migaou, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors influencing long-term functional and professional outcomes in patients post severe traumatic brain injury (STBI). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive analytical transversal and cross-sectional study involving patients with STBI dated more than 1 year and managed in rehabilitation department on an outpatient basis. Described parameters were: coma duration, post-traumatic amnesia duration (PTA), duration of hospitalization in intensive care unit, rehabilitation delay management, brain imaging findings, motor impairment, neuropsychological impairment assessed with Neurobehavioral Rating Scale-Revised (NRS-R), functional outcomes assessed with Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and disability assessed with Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Arielle H Sheftall, Lindsey Asti, Lisa M Horowitz, Adrienne Felts, Cynthia A Fontanella, John V Campo, Jeffrey A Bridge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Suicide in elementary school-aged children is not well studied, despite a recent increase in the suicide rate among US black children. The objectives of this study were to describe characteristics and precipitating circumstances of suicide in elementary school-aged children relative to early adolescent decedents and identify potential within-group racial differences. METHODS: We analyzed National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) surveillance data capturing suicide deaths from 2003 to 2012 for 17 US states...
September 19, 2016: Pediatrics
L Vaivre-Douret, A Boschi, M L Cuny, C Clouard, A Mosser, B Golse, A Philippe, M Bourgeois, N Boddaert, S Puget
: Left temporal arachnoid cyst and specific learning disorders associated with pervasive developmental disorders - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS): contributions of an integrative neuro-psychomotor, neuropsychological, psychopathological and neurosurgical approach about a case report in a child (François). With DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR, the terminology of pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) covers two main categories of infantile disorders: disorders of "strictly" autistic nature and pervasive developmental disorders - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)...
September 16, 2016: L'Encéphale
Bruce Taubman, Jennifer McHugh, Florence Rosen, Okan U Elci
The authors enrolled 95 patients in a primary care office who presented with a concussion. Of these patients, 63% were sport concussions. The authors matched 90 of these patients to children in the authors' practice presenting for sports physicals or regular check-ups in the following demographics: age, participating in a particular sport, having attention-deficit disorder/attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, gender, and grade. The authors found the odds of recurrent concussions, in a primary care pediatric office, to be a ratio of 2...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Stéphane Potvin, Genevieve Charbonneau, Robert-Paul Juster, Scot Purdon, Smadar Valérie Tourjman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Luisa Matilde Salamanca Duque, María Mercedes Naranjo Aristizábal, Ángel Laban Castro Castro, Guillermo Andrés Calle Jaramillo
INTRODUCTION: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in childhood is an important public health problem, which has important implications for different spheres of development: motor, cognitive, psychosocial and emotional. Therefore, the presence of comorbidity is common, along with other disorders in child development. This article presents a study that determines the association between DCD characteristics with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between DCD characteristics and ADHD symptoms in the city of Manizales, Colombia...
July 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Odelya Perets, Zvi Howard Perry, Lior Rosenberg, Eldad Silberstein, Reuben Gurphinkel, Avi Cohen
BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of one or more of the cranial sutures, can occur as a part of a syndrome or as an isolated deformity. When not treated properly it may have major physical and social implications. STUDY HYPOTHESIS: We assumed that our center's results are similar to those reported in the literature, in terms of gender and anatomic characteristics, and different in terms of the number of syndromic cases. We also assume that only a few patients needed a second surgery and that this medical problem effects quality of life in term of cognitive impairment and aesthetic results...
May 2016: Harefuah
Isabelle Rapin
Dyscalculia, like dyslexia, affects some 5% of school-age children but has received much less investigative attention. In two thirds of affected children, dyscalculia is associated with another developmental disorder like dyslexia, attention-deficit disorder, anxiety disorder, visual and spatial disorder, or cultural deprivation. Infants, primates, some birds, and other animals are born with the innate ability, called subitizing, to tell at a glance whether small sets of scattered dots or other items differ by one or more item...
August 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Ali Al Kaissi, Jochen Hofstaetter, Gerlinde Weigel, Franz Grill, Rudolf Ganger, Susanne Gerit Kircher
INTRODUCTION: A 13-year-old child was clinically diagnosed with mucopolysaccharidosis type VI-Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MPS VI) at the age of 5 years, and the diagnosis was confirmed biochemically and genetically (homozygous mutation in ARSB gene). At that time, his older brother manifested with increasing severe mental retardation. His urinary glycosaminoglycan excretion in urine was elevated, but there was only 1 mutation in the ARSB gene defining him as a healthy carrier of MPS VI. The 15-year-old boy was born with dysmorphic facial features, cleft lip and palate, and multiple contractures associated with profound skeletal deformities manifested, severe mental retardation, and seizures, leading to the diagnosis of cerebral palsy from birth on...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tye E Arbuckle, Karelyn Davis, Khrista Boylan, Mandy Fisher, Jingshan Fu
This article presents processed data from an analysis of cross-sectional data from Cycle 1 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) to examine the potential association between urinary concentrations of BPA and phthalate metabolites and child learning and behavioral problems, considering important covariates such as gender, blood lead and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). These processed data are related to the research on a subset of the children (Arbuckle et al., 2016) [1]. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) outcomes of interest were emotional symptoms, hyperactivity/inattention, and a total difficulties SDQ score, with borderline and abnormal scores grouped together and compared with children with normal scores...
September 2016: Data in Brief
Akira Kamida, Kenta Shimabayashi, Masayoshi Oguri, Toshihiro Takamori, Naoyuki Ueda, Yuki Koyanagi, Naoko Sannomiya, Haruki Nagira, Saeko Ikunishi, Yuiko Hattori, Kengo Sato, Chisako Fukuda, Yasuaki Hirooka, Yoshihiro Maegaki
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit disorder/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a pathological condition that is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated electroencephalographic (EEG) power differences between children with ADHD and healthy control children. METHODS: EEGs were recorded as part of routine medical care received by 80 children with ADHD aged 4-15 years at the Department of Pediatric Neurology in Tottori University Hospital. Additionally, we recorded in 59 control children aged 4-15 years after obtaining informed consent...
June 2016: Yonago Acta Medica
Bettina Serrallach, Christine Groß, Valdis Bernhofs, Dorte Engelmann, Jan Benner, Nadine Gündert, Maria Blatow, Martina Wengenroth, Angelika Seitz, Monika Brunner, Stefan Seither, Richard Parncutt, Peter Schneider, Annemarie Seither-Preisler
Dyslexia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and attention deficit disorder (ADD) show distinct clinical profiles that may include auditory and language-related impairments. Currently, an objective brain-based diagnosis of these developmental disorders is still unavailable. We investigated the neuro-auditory systems of dyslexic, ADHD, ADD, and age-matched control children (N = 147) using neuroimaging, magnetencephalography and psychoacoustics. All disorder subgroups exhibited an oversized left planum temporale and an abnormal interhemispheric asynchrony (10-40 ms) of the primary auditory evoked P1-response...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Han-Cheng Wang, Chi-Ieong Lau, Che-Chen Lin, Anna Chang, Chia-Hung Kao
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the association between group A streptococcal (GAS) infections and the risks of developing tic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: We conducted a follow-up cohort study in 2014 using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. The study cohort consisted of patients younger than 18 years with newly diagnosed GAS infection (ICD-9-CM codes 034 [streptococcal sore throat and scarlet fever] and 482...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Karan Dua, William C McAvoy, Sybil A Klaus, David I Rappaport, Rebecca E Rosenberg, Joshua M Abzug
PURPOSE: The benefits of hospitalist co-management of pediatric surgical patients include bettering patient safety, decreasing negative patient outcomes, providing comprehensive medical care, and establishing a dedicated resource to patients for postoperative care. The purpose of this study was to characterize the nature of patients co-managed by a pediatric hospitalist. The authors hypothesize that hospitalist co-management is safe and efficacious in pediatric orthopaedic surgical patients who are admitted to a community hospital...
2016: Maryland Medicine: MM: a Publication of MEDCHI, the Maryland State Medical Society
Marya G Zlatnik
This review discusses the evidence linking industrial chemicals to a variety of health and reproductive outcomes. Industrial chemical production has increased over the past 30 to 40 years. Basic science, animal models, and epidemiologic data suggest that certain chemicals may act as endocrine disruptors (substances that interfere with normal hormonal action) and may play an etiologic role in a number of conditions whose incidence has also increased during this same period. These include low birth weight, gestational diabetes, obesity, certain cancers, certain birth defects, and neurodevelopmental disorders such as attention deficit disorder and autism...
July 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
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