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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228839/prevalence-and-effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-school-performance-among-primary-school-pupils-in-the-hohoe-municipality-ghana
#1
Kingsley Afeti, Samuel Harrenson Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders in early childhood. However, not many studies have been conducted on the prevalence and effect of ADHD on school performance in Ghana. This study sought to ascertain the prevalence of ADHD and its effect on school performance among primary school pupils in the Hohoe municipality of Ghana. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study that included 400 primary school pupils in the Hohoe Municipality of Ghana...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162667/-130-how-common-is-attention-deficit-disorder-add-in-chronic-pain-patients
#2
F Tennant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128809/-psychopathology-screening-in-medical-school-students
#3
Jesús Francisco Galván-Molina, María E Jiménez-Capdeville, José María Hernández-Mata, José Ramón Arellano-Cano
OBJECTIVE: Screening of psychopathology and associated factors in medical students employing an electronic self-report survey. METHOD: A transversal, observational, and comparative study that consisted of the following instruments: Sociodemographic survey; 2. Adult Self-Report Scale-V1 (ASRS); State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI); Zung and Conde Self-Rating Depression Scale, Almonte-Herskovic Sexual Orientation Self-Report; Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Identification (AUDIT); Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence; 9...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117842/histamine-h3r-receptor-activation-in-the-dorsal-striatum-triggers-stereotypies-in-a-mouse-model-of-tic-disorders
#4
M Rapanelli, L Frick, V Pogorelov, H Ohtsu, H Bito, C Pittenger
Tic disorders affect ~5% of the population and are frequently comorbid with obsessive-compulsive disorder, autism, and attention deficit disorder. Histamine dysregulation has been identified as a rare genetic cause of tic disorders; mice with a knockout of the histidine decarboxylase (Hdc) gene represent a promising pathophysiologically grounded model. How alterations in the histamine system lead to tics and other neuropsychiatric pathology, however, remains unclear. We found elevated expression of the histamine H3 receptor in the striatum of Hdc knockout mice...
January 24, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079875/early-postnatal-illness-severity-scores-predict-neurodevelopmental-impairments-at-10-years-of-age-in-children-born-extremely-preterm
#5
J W Logan, O Dammann, E N Allred, C Dammann, K Beam, R M Joseph, T M O'Shea, A Leviton, K C K Kuban
OBJECTIVE: A neonatal illness severity score, The Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-II (SNAP-II), predicts neurodevelopmental impairments at two years of age among children born extremely preterm. We sought to evaluate to what extent SNAP-II is predictive of cognitive and other neurodevelopmental impairments at 10 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: In a cohort of 874 children born before 28 weeks of gestation, we prospectively collected clinical, physiologic and laboratory data to calculate SNAP-II for each infant...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959457/risk-f%C3%A3-r-v%C3%A3-ld-och-kriminalitet-vid-personlighetssyndrom
#6
Tom Palmstierna
Personality disorders, violence and criminal behaviour The importance of personality disorders for violent and criminal behaviour is illustrated by their high prevalence in prison populations. Especially antisocial personality disorder and antisocial personality traits are linked to violence. During diagnostic assessment of personality disorders, violence risk screening is recommended. Cognitive behaviour treatment focused on violent behaviour has some effect in criminal populations, but the antisocial personality traits are resistant to treatment...
December 6, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872863/attention-deficit-disorder-and-allergic-rhinitis-are-they-related
#7
Isaac Melamed, Melinda Heffron
The association between ADHD and allergy remains controversial. Our previous findings suggest that nerve growth factor may link the nervous and immune systems. The primary objective of this study was to determine if a combination of cetirizine + methylphenidate is effective in children with comorbid ADHD and allergic rhinitis. We also examined the role of nerve growth factor in these comorbidities. Our randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study enrolled 38 children diagnosed with comorbid ADHD and allergy using cetirizine (n = 12), sustained-release methylphenidate (n = 12), or cetirizine + methylphenidate (n = 14)...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866152/the-effect-of-childhood-add-adhd-on-parental-workforce-participation
#8
Emily J Callander, Faith Allele, Hayley Roberts, William Guinea, Daniel B Lindsay
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to examine the impact of attention deficit disorder (ADD)/ADHD in children on parental labor force participation across different child age groups. METHOD: This study utilized a longitudinal, quantitative analyses approach. All data were collected from Wave 6 of the Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) survey. RESULTS: After adjusting for various confounders, mothers whose children were 10/11 years old and had been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD were significantly more likely to be out of the labor force compared with those mothers whose child had not been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863706/advanced-neuroimaging-and-its-role-in-predicting-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-very-preterm-infants
#9
REVIEW
Nehal A Parikh
Up to 35% of very preterm infants survive with neurodevelopmental impairments (NDI) such as cognitive deficits, cerebral palsy, and attention deficit disorder. Advanced MRI quantitative tools such as brain morphometry, diffusion MRI, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and functional MRI at term-equivalent age are ideally suited to improve current efforts to predict later development of disabilities. This would facilitate application of targeted early intervention therapies during the first few years of life when neuroplasticity is optimal...
December 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861527/the-impact-of-early-life-stress-on-growth-and-cardiovascular-risk-a-possible-example-for-autonomic-imprinting
#10
Reiner Buchhorn, Sebastian Meint, Christian Willaschek
INTRODUCTION: Early life stress is imprinting regulatory properties with life-long consequences. We investigated heart rate variability in a group of small children with height below the third percentile, who experienced an episode of early life stress due to heart failure or intra uterine growth retardation. These children appear to develop autonomic dysfunction in later life. RESULTS: Compared to the healthy control group heart rate variability (HRV) is reduced on average in a group of 101 children with short stature...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827868/childhood-fish-consumption-and-learning-and-behavioral-disorders
#11
Jenny L Carwile, Lindsey J Butler, Patricia A Janulewicz, Michael R Winter, Ann Aschengrau
Fish is a major source of nutrients critical for brain development during early life. The importance of childhood fish consumption is supported by several studies reporting associations of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation with better behavior and school performance. However, fish may have a different effect than n-3 PUFA alone due to the neurotoxic effects of methylmercury, a frequent contaminant. We investigated associations of childhood fish consumption with learning and behavioral disorders in birth cohort study of the neurotoxic effects of early life exposure to solvent-contaminated drinking water...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811529/adult-outcomes-after-newborn-respiratory-failure-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#12
William A Engle, Karen W West, Gail A Hocutt, Eugenia K Pallotto, Barbara Haney, Rachel J Keith, Dan L Stewart, Ellen Knodel, Denise Suttner, Rachel Chapman, Alison Thomas, Beverly Schwerin, Eileen Stork, Moira Crowley, Anthony J Piazza, Micheal L Heard, Netsanet Gebregziabher, William Fadel, Robert Bartlett
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of young adults treated for hypoxemic respiratory failure with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as neonates. DESIGN: The study was designed as a multisite, cross sectional survey. SETTING: The survey was completed electronically or on paper by subjects and stored in a secure data base. SUBJECTS: Subjects were surviving neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients from eight institutions who were18 years old or older...
January 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749968/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-plasma-levels-of-2-acyl-glycerols-in-outpatient-treatment-alcohol-users-analysis-of-gender-differences
#13
Nuria García Marchena, Pedro Araos, Francisco Javier Pavón, Guillermo Ponce, María Pedraz, Antonia Serrano, Francisco Arias, Pablo Romero-Sanchiz, Juan Suárez, Antoni Pastor, Rafael De la Torre, Marta Torrens, Gabriel Rubio, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca
Alcohol addiction is associated with high psychiatric comorbidity. Objective stratification of patients is necessary to optimize care and improve prognosis. The present study is designed to gain insights into this challenge by addressing the following objectives: a) to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities in a sample of outpatients seeking treatment for alcohol use disorder, b) to describe the existence of gender differences and c) to validate 2-acyl-glycerols as biomarkers of alcohol use disorder and/or psychiatric comorbidity...
September 29, 2016: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745869/method-of-adult-diagnosis-influences-estimated-persistence-of-childhood-adhd-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#14
REVIEW
Margaret H Sibley, John T Mitchell, Stephen P Becker
Several studies have questioned the stability of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from childhood to adulthood. This systematic review illustrates how variability in diagnostic methods influences adult ADHD persistence estimates. Systematic database searches identified studies reporting adult ADHD persistence rates that were published in English between Jan 1, 1992, and May 31, 2016. Study inclusion criteria were systematic childhood diagnosis of attention-deficit disorder, ADHD, or a research diagnostic protocol that matched DSM-III, DSM-III-R, or DSM-IV standards; mean childhood age of younger than 12·0 years with no participants older than 18·0 years; and mean adult age of 18·0 years or older with no participants younger than 17·0 years...
December 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745724/-noninvasive-cerebral-stimulation-for-treatment-of-adhd-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
L Brandejsky, J-A Micoulaud Franchi, R Lopez, S Bioulac, D Da Fonseca, C Daudet, L Boyer, R Richieri, C Lançon
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to summarize the available data in the literature about the therapeutic applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: The scientific literature search of international articles was performed in February 2016 using the PubMed electronic database. The following MeSH terms were employed: "attention-deficit disorder with hyperactivity" AND "transcranial magnetic stimulation", "attention-deficit disorder with hyperactivity" AND "transcranial direct current stimulation"...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691381/assessing-telemedicine-utilization-by-using-medicaid-claims-data
#16
Megan Daugherty Douglas, Junjun Xu, Akilah Heggs, Glenda Wrenn, Dominic H Mack, George Rust
OBJECTIVE: This study characterized telemedicine utilization among Medicaid enrollees by patients' demographic characteristics, geographic location, enrollment type, eligibility category, and clinical conditions. METHODS: This study used 2008-2009 Medicaid claims data from 28 states and the District of Columbia to characterize telemedicine claims (indicated by GT for professional fee claims or Q3014 for facility fees) on the basis of patients' demographic characteristics, geographic location, enrollment type, eligibility category, and clinical condition as indicated by ICD-9 codes...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683195/first-evidence-of-smith-magenis-syndrome-in-mother-and-daughter-due-to-a-novel-rai-mutation
#17
Fabio Acquaviva, Maria Elena Sana, Matteo Della Monica, Michele Pinelli, Diana Postorivo, Paolo Fontana, Maria Teresa Falco, Anna Maria Nardone, Fortunato Lonardo, Maria Iascone, Gioacchino Scarano
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a complex genetic disorder caused by interstitial 17p11.2 deletions encompassing multiple genes, including the retinoic acid induced 1 gene-RAI1-or mutations in RAI1 itself. The clinical spectrum includes developmental delay, cognitive impairment, and behavioral abnormalities, with distinctive physical features that become more evident with age. No patients have been reported to have had offspring. We here describe a girl with developmental delay, mainly compromising the speech area, and her mother with mild intellectual disabilities and minor dysmorphic features...
January 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676780/predictors-of-functional-and-professional-outcomes-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Soumaya Boudokhane, Hichem Ben Brahim, Aymen Haj Salah, Houda Migaou, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors influencing long-term functional and professional outcomes in patients post severe traumatic brain injury (STBI). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive analytical transversal and cross-sectional study involving patients with STBI dated more than 1 year and managed in rehabilitation department on an outpatient basis. Described parameters were: coma duration, post-traumatic amnesia duration (PTA), duration of hospitalization in intensive care unit, rehabilitation delay management, brain imaging findings, motor impairment, neuropsychological impairment assessed with Neurobehavioral Rating Scale-Revised (NRS-R), functional outcomes assessed with Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and disability assessed with Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647716/suicide-in-elementary-school-aged-children-and-early-adolescents
#19
Arielle H Sheftall, Lindsey Asti, Lisa M Horowitz, Adrienne Felts, Cynthia A Fontanella, John V Campo, Jeffrey A Bridge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Suicide in elementary school-aged children is not well studied, despite a recent increase in the suicide rate among US black children. The objectives of this study were to describe characteristics and precipitating circumstances of suicide in elementary school-aged children relative to early adolescent decedents and identify potential within-group racial differences. METHODS: We analyzed National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) surveillance data capturing suicide deaths from 2003 to 2012 for 17 US states...
October 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644917/-left-temporal-arachnoid-cyst-and-specific-learning-disorders-associated-with-pervasive-developmental-disorders-not-otherwise-specified-pdd-nos-contributions-of-an-integrative-neuropsychomotor-neuropsychological-psychopathological-and-neurosurgical-approach
#20
L Vaivre-Douret, A Boschi, M L Cuny, C Clouard, A Mosser, B Golse, A Philippe, M Bourgeois, N Boddaert, S Puget
: Left temporal arachnoid cyst and specific learning disorders associated with pervasive developmental disorders - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS): contributions of an integrative neuro-psychomotor, neuropsychological, psychopathological and neurosurgical approach about a case report in a child (François). With DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR, the terminology of pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) covers two main categories of infantile disorders: disorders of "strictly" autistic nature and pervasive developmental disorders - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
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