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protein nano-delivery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641543/zein-based-nanocarriers-as-potential-natural-alternatives-for-drug-and-gene-delivery-focus-on-cancer-therapy
#1
Ahmed Elzoghby, May Freag, Hadeer Mamdouh, Kadria Elkhodairy
Protein nanocarriers possess unique merits including minimal cytotoxicity, numerous renewable sources, and high drug-binding capability. In opposition to delivery carriers utilizing hydrophilic animal proteins, hydrophobic plant proteins (e.g, zein) have great tendency in fabricating controlled-release particulate carriers without additional chemical modification to stiffen them, which in turn evades the use of toxic chemical crosslinkers. Moreover, zein is related to a class of alcohol-soluble prolamins and generally recognized as safe (GRAS) carrier for drug delivery...
June 22, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640580/a-bio-inspired-alginate-gum-arabic-hydrogel-with-micro-nano-scale-structures-for-controlled-drug-release-in-chronic-wound-healing
#2
Mi Li, Haichang Li, Xiangguang Li, Hua Zhu, Zihui Xu, Lianqing Liu, Jianjie Ma, Mingjun Zhang
Bio-polymeric hydrogels have drawn increasingly research interests in biomaterials due to its tunable physical and chemical properties for both creating bioactive cellular micro-environment and serving as sustainable therapeutic reagents. Inspired by a naturally occurring hydrogel secreted from the carnivorous Sundew plant for trapping insects, here we have developed a bio-inspired hydrogel to deliver mitsugumin53 (MG53), an important protein in cell membrane repair, for chronic wound healing. Both chemical compositions and micro/nano morphological properties inherent from the natural Sundew hydrogel were mimicked using sodium alginate and gum arabic with calcium ion-mediated cross-linking...
June 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622690/exploiting-cancer-s-phenotypic-guise-against-itself-targeting-ectopically-expressed-peptide-g-protein-coupled-receptors-for-lung-cancer-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Mahjabin Khan, Tao Huang, Cheng-Yuan Lin, Jiang Wu, Bao-Min Fan, Zhao-Xiang Bian
Lung cancer, claiming millions of lives annually, has the highest mortality rate worldwide. This advocates the development of novel cancer therapies that are highly toxic for cancer cells but negligibly toxic for healthy cells. One of the effective treatments is targeting overexpressed surface receptors of cancer cells with receptor-specific drugs. The receptors-in-focus in the current review are the G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), which are often overexpressed in various types of tumors. The peptide subfamily of GPCRs is the pivot of the current article owing to the high affinity and specificity to and of their cognate peptide ligands, and the proven efficacy of peptide-based therapeutics...
June 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619003/hydroxyapatite-as-a-nanomaterial-for-advanced-tissue-engineering-and-drug-therapy
#4
Juha Tuukkanen, Miho Nakamura
Hydroxyapatite (HAp) is a complicated ceramic material that varies between the way it appears in biological systems and how it is synthesized as various calcium phosphates. HAp varies in chemical composition of substituting atoms, crystallinity, grain size and electrical polarization. HAp can form solid to macro-, micro- and nanoporous structures. Also, particulate HAp can have highly porous structure. HAp can be used as coatings for metal implants in thicknesses from hundreds of microns down to hundreds of nanometers...
June 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617335/zno-nano-rod-devices-for-intradermal-delivery-and-immunization
#5
Tapas R Nayak, Hao Wang, Aakansha Pant, Minrui Zheng, Hans Junginger, Wei Jiang Goh, Choon Keong Lee, Shui Zou, Sylvie Alonso, Bertrand Czarny, Gert Storm, Chorng Haur Sow, Chengkuo Lee, Giorgia Pastorin
Intradermal delivery of antigens for vaccination is a very attractive approach since the skin provides a rich network of antigen presenting cells, which aid in stimulating an immune response. Numerous intradermal techniques have been developed to enhance penetration across the skin. However, these methods are invasive and/or affect the skin integrity. Hence, our group has devised zinc oxide (ZnO) nano-rods for non-destructive drug delivery. Chemical vapour deposition was used to fabricate aligned nano-rods on ZnO pre-coated silicon chips...
June 15, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614069/pegylated-lipid-bilayer-wrapped-nano-graphene-oxides-for-synergistic-co-delivery-of-doxorubicin-and-rapamycin-to-prevent-drug-resistance-in-cancers
#6
Raj Kumar Thapa, Jeong Hoon Byeon, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
Nano-graphene oxide (nGO) is a carbon allotrope studied for its potential as carrier for chemotherapeutic delivery and its photoablation effects. However, interaction of nGO with blood components and the subsequent toxicities warrant a hybrid system for effective cancer drug delivery. Combination chemotherapy aids in effective cancer treatment and prevention of drug resistance. Therefore, in this study, we attempted to prepare polyethylene glycosylated (PEGylated) lipid bilayer-wrapped nGO co-loaded with doxorubicin (DOX) and rapamycin (RAPA), GOLDR, for the prevention and treatment of resistant cancers...
June 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585624/exploiting-the-biomimetic-and-luminescence-properties-of-multivalent-dendrimer-semiconductor-nanohybrid-materials-in-the-ultra-low-level-determination-of-folic-acid
#7
Somashree Kundu, Susmita Maiti, Tushar Kanti Das, Debasmita Ghosh, Chandra Nath Roy, Abhijit Saha
In view of the enhanced generation of folate receptors in cancerous cells and diseases linked to the deficiency of folic acid, such as anemia, mental devolution, congenital malformation, etc., the development of a simple method for the ultra-sensitive determination of folic acid remains a long-standing issue for practical applications in medicine and biotechnology. Thus, the proposed luminescence based strategy involving multifunctional poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer encapsulated quantum dots (QDs) as a probe provides a simple, fast and efficient method for the selective determination of folic acid at the nano-molar level...
June 6, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572169/tumor-targeted-nanoparticle-delivery-of-hur-sirna-inhibits-lung-tumor-growth-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-by-disrupting-the-oncogenic-activity-of-the-rna-binding-protein-hur
#8
Ranganayaki Muralidharan, Anish Babu, Narsireddy Amreddy, Akhil Srivastava, Allshine Chen, Yan Daniel Zhao, Uday B Kompella, Anupama Munshi, Rajagopal Ramesh
Selective downregulation of the human antigen R (HuR) protein by siRNA may provide a powerful approach for treating lung cancer. To this end, we investigated the efficacy of transferrin receptor-targeted liposomal nanoparticle-based HuR siRNA (HuR-TfNP) therapy and compared to control siRNA (C)-TfNP therapy both, in vitro and in vivo using lung cancer models.In vitro studies showed HuR-TfNP but not C-TfNP efficiently downregulated HuR and HuR-regulated proteins in A549, and HCC827 lung cancer cells resulting in reduced cell viability, inhibition of cell migration and invasion, and induction of G1 cell-cycle arrest culminating in apoptosis...
June 1, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558640/biosensors-for-screening-kinase-inhibitors
#9
Nikhil Bhalla, Pedro Estrela
For successful drug discovery it is important to understand the fundamentals of the underlying causes and consequences of the diseases for which the drug is being developed. One such physiological process in eukaryotic cells is protein phosphorylation, which is the main post-translational modification of proteins responsible for the onset or progression of Alzheimer's disease, diabetes and various cancers. Protein phosphorylation is facilitated by kinases and inhibitors of kinases act as drugs in controlling or curing these diseases by reducing protein phosphorylation...
May 30, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541666/unveiling-the-molecular-structure-of-pulmonary-surfactant-corona-on-nanoparticles
#10
Qinglin Hu, Xuan Bai, Guoqing Hu, Yi Y Zuo
The growing risk of human exposure to airborne nanoparticles (NPs) causes a general concern on the biosafety of nanotechnology. Inhaled NPs can deposit in the deep lung at which they interact with the pulmonary surfactant (PS). Despite the increasing study of nano-bio interactions, detailed molecular mechanisms by which inhaled NPs interact with the natural PS system remain unclear. Using coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation, we studied the interaction between NPs and the PS system in the alveolar fluid...
May 31, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536329/-multilateral-strategies-utilizing-exosomes-for-cancer-therapy
#11
Nao Nishida-Aoki, Takahiro Ochiya
Exosomes are nano-sized extracellular vesicles which transfer their components such as RNA, DNA, and proteins from one cell to another cell. The components are released to the cytoplasm of the recipient cells, having an effect on the cells. Cancerderived exosomes promote cancer progression, invasion, gain of drug resistance, and metastasis. Recently, according to their characteristics, it is expected to apply exosomes to cancer therapies, such as utilizing exosomes as drug delivery systems(DDS) for anticancer drugs and as cancer vaccines to enhance immunity to cancer cells...
May 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532112/preparations-and-doxorubicin-controlled-release-of-amino-acid-based-redox-ph-dual-responsive-nanomicelles
#12
Yuanyuan Ding, Liping Zhang, Gang Shi, Xinxin Sang, Caihua Ni
Terpolymers of poly (Lysine-co-N, N-Bis (acryloyl) cystamine-co-β-Phenethylamine) (PLBP) were synthesized in one-pot by Michael addition terpolymerization. The terpolymers self-assembled into nano-sized spherical micelles (84-123nm) with narrow distributions. The surface charge of the nanomicelles (NMs) was depended on solution's pH and showed negative values under physiological conditions (pH7.4), which was beneficial for long circulation without non-specific protein adsorption. Doxorubicin (DOX) was effectively loaded into the NMs for controlled release...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530826/high-speed-atomic-force-microscopy-reveals-loss-of-nuclear-pore-resilience-as-a-dying-code-in-colorectal-cancer-cells
#13
Mahmoud Shaaban Mohamed, Akiko Kobayashi, Azuma Taoka, Takahiro Watanabe-Nakayama, Yosuke Kikuchi, Masaharu Hazawa, Toshinari Minamoto, Yoshihiro Fukumori, Noriyuki Kodera, Takayuki Uchihashi, Toshio Ando, Richard W Wong
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are the sole turnstile implanted in the nuclear envelope (NE), acting as a central nano-regulator of transport between the cytosol and the nucleus. NPCs consist of ~30 proteins, termed nucleoporins. About one-third of nucleoporins harbour natively unstructured, intrinsically disordered phenylalanine-glycine strings (FG-Nups), which engage in transport selectivity. Because the barriers insert deeply in the NPC, they are nearly inaccessible. Several in vitro barrier models have been proposed; however, the dynamic FG-Nups protein molecules themselves are imperceptible in vivo...
May 22, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524069/helical-plant-viral-nanoparticles-bioinspired-synthesis-of-nanomaterials-and-nanostructures
#14
Kannan Badri Narayanan, Sung Soo Han
Viral nanotechnology is revolutionizing the biomimetic and bioinspired synthesis of novel nanomaterials. Bottom-up nanofabrication by self-assembly of individual molecular components of elongated viral nanoparticles (VNPs) and virus-like particles (VLPs) has resulted in the production of superior materials and structures in the nano(bio)technological fields. Viral capsids are attractive materials, because of their symmetry, monodispersity, and polyvalency. Helical VNPs/VLPs are unique prefabricated nanoscaffolds with large surface area to volume ratios and high aspect ratios, and enable the construction of exquisite supramolecular nanostructures...
May 19, 2017: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500326/intranasal-drug-delivery-of-small-interfering-rna-targeting-beclin1-encapsulated-with-polyethylenimine-pei-in-mouse-brain-to-achieve-hiv-attenuation
#15
Myosotys Rodriguez, Jessica Lapierre, Chet Raj Ojha, Ajeet Kaushik, Elena Batrakova, Fatah Kashanchi, Seth M Dever, Madhavan Nair, Nazira El-Hage
We previously reported that activation of the host autophagic protein, Beclin1, by HIV-1 infection represents an essential mechanism in controlling HIV replication and viral-induced inflammatory responses in microglial cells. Existing antiretroviral therapeutic approaches have been limited in their ability to cross the blood-brain barrier effectively and recognize and selectively eliminate persistent HIV-infected brain reservoirs. In the present study and for the first time, the bio-distribution and efficacy of noninvasive intranasal delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) against the Beclin1 gene using the cationic linear polyethylenimines (PEI) as a gene carrier was investigated in adult mouse brain...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496323/a-novel-nanoemulsion-based-method-to-produce-ultrasmall-water-dispersible-nanoparticles-from-chitosan-surface-modified-with-cell-penetrating-peptide-for-oral-delivery-of-proteins-and-peptides
#16
Ghullam Reza Barbari, Farid Abedin Dorkoosh, Mohsen Amini, Mohammad Sharifzadeh, Fateme Atyabi, Saeed Balalaie, Niyousha Rafiee Tehrani, Morteza Rafiee Tehrani
A simple and reproducible water-in-oil (W/O) nanoemulsion technique for making ultrasmall (<15 nm), monodispersed and water-dispersible nanoparticles (NPs) from chitosan (CS) is reported. The nano-sized (50 nm) water pools of the W/O nanoemulsion serve as "nano-containers and nano-reactors". The entrapped polymer chains of CS inside these "nano-reactors" are covalently cross-linked with the chains of polyethylene glycol (PEG), leading to rigidification and formation of NPs. These NPs possess excessive swelling properties in aqueous medium and preserve integrity in all pH ranges due to chemical cross-linking with PEG...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482782/anti-cancer-drug-delivery-using-carbohydrate-based-polymers
#17
Javad Ranjbari, Ahad Mokhtarzadeh, Abbas Alibakhshi, Maryam Tabarzad, Maryam Hejazi, Mohammad Ramezani
Polymeric drug delivery systems in the form of nanocarriers are the most interesting vehicles in anti-cancer therapy. Among different types of biocompatible polymers, carbohydrate-based polymers or polysaccharides are the most common natural polymers with complex structures consisting of long chains of monosaccharide or disaccharide units bound by glycosidic linkages. Their appealing properties such as availability, biocompatibility, biodegradability, low toxicity, high chemical reactivity, facile chemical modification and low cost led to their extensive applications in biomedical and pharmaceutical fields including development of nano-vehicles for delivery of anti-cancer therapeutic agents...
May 5, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427235/catan-ionic-hybrid-lipidic-nano-carriers-for-enhanced-bioavailability-and-anti-tumor-efficacy-of-chemodrugs
#18
Bilin Liu, Dan He, Jianyong Wu, Quan Sun, Mi Zhang, Qunyou Tan, Yao Li, Jingqing Zhang
To date there has not been any report on catan-ionic hybrid lipidic nano-carriers, let alone a report on applying them to deliver insoluble anti-tumor drugs. Catan-ionic hybrid lipidic nano-carriers containing curcumin (CUR-C-HLN) inherit the merits of catan-ionic systems, hybrid lipidic systems and nano-structured carriers (the second-generation substitute of solid lipidic nano-systems). Catan-ionic surfactants increased microvesicle stabilization by producing unordered isometric clusters, enhanced absorptive amount as an inhibitor of enzyme and protein, improved tumor accumulation by cellular endocytosis and membranous fusion; hybrid lipids helped to obtain high drug content and low leakage by forming a less-organized matrix arrangement...
May 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417088/boiling-induced-nanoparticles-and-their-constitutive-proteins-from-isatis-indigotica-fort-root-decoction-purification-and-identification
#19
Jianwu Zhou, Jie Liu, Dai Lin, Guanzhen Gao, Huiqin Wang, Jingke Guo, Pingfan Rao, Lijing Ke
Colloidal particles are essential components of sun-dried Isatis indigotica Fort. roots (Ban-Lan-Gen in Chinese, BLG) decoction. Nanoparticles (NPs) were isolated from BLG decoction with size exclusion chromatography and characterized. Their average diameter is ∼120 nm, reversibly responding to pH and temperature changes. They promoted the growth of normal cells but suppressed that of cancerogenic cells and macrophages. Two constitutive glycated proteins were identified from the NPs, namely BLGP1 and BLGP2...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383528/the-effect-of-the-serum-corona-on-interactions-between-a-single-nano-object-and-a-living-cell
#20
Yael Dror, Raya Sorkin, Guy Brand, Olga Boubriak, Jill Urban, Jacob Klein
Nanoparticles (NPs) which enter physiological fluids are rapidly coated by proteins, forming a so-called corona which may strongly modify their interaction with tissues and cells relative to the bare NPs. In this work the interactions between a living cell and a nano-object, and in particular the effect on this of the adsorption of serum proteins, are directly examined by measuring the forces arising as an Atomic Force Microscope tip (diameter 20 nm) - simulating a nano-object - approaches and contacts a cell...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
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