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Preanalytical errors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917319/the-effectiveness-of-cooling-conditions-on-temperature-of-canine-edta-whole-blood-samples
#1
Karen M Tobias, Leslie Serrano, Xiaocun Sun, Bente Flatland
BACKGROUND: Preanalytic factors such as time and temperature can have significant effects on laboratory test results. For example, ammonium concentration will increase 31% in blood samples stored at room temperature for 30 min before centrifugation. To reduce preanalytic error, blood samples may be placed in precooled tubes and chilled on ice or in ice water baths; however, the effectiveness of these modalities in cooling blood samples has not been formally evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various cooling modalities on reducing temperature of EDTA whole blood samples...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812302/continuous-quality-control-of-the-blood-sampling-procedure-using-a-structured-observation-scheme
#2
Tine Lindberg Seemann, Mads Nybo
INTRODUCTION: An observational study was conducted using a structured observation scheme to assess compliance with the local phlebotomy guideline, to identify necessary focus items, and to investigate whether adherence to the phlebotomy guideline improved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire from the EFLM Working Group for the Preanalytical Phase was adapted to local procedures. A pilot study of three months duration was conducted. Based on this, corrective actions were implemented and a follow-up study was conducted...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812301/blood-gas-testing-and-related-measurements-national-recommendations-on-behalf-of-the-croatian-society-of-medical-biochemistry-and-laboratory-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Lora Dukić, Lara Milevoj Kopčinović, Adrijana Dorotić, Ivana Baršić
Blood gas analysis (BGA) is exposed to risks of errors caused by improper sampling, transport and storage conditions. The Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) generated documents with recommendations for avoidance of potential errors caused by sample mishandling. Two main documents related to BGA issued by the CLSI are GP43-A4 (former H11-A4) Procedures for the collection of arterial blood specimens; approved standard - fourth edition, and C46-A2 Blood gas and pH analysis and related measurements; approved guideline - second edition...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784640/preanalytics-in-urinalysis
#4
REVIEW
Joris R Delanghe, Marijn M Speeckaert
Urine contains an enormous amount of information. Well-standardized procedures for collection, transport, sample preparation and analysis should become the basis of an effective diagnostic strategy for urinalysis. As reproducibility of urinalysis has been greatly improved due to recent technological progress, preanalytical requirements of urinalysis have gained importance and have become stricter. Since the patients themselves often collect urine specimens, urinalysis is very susceptible to preanalytical issues...
December 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771343/re-engineering-laboratory-diagnostics-for-preventing-preanalytical-errors
#5
EDITORIAL
Giuseppe Lippi, Raffick Bowen, Dorothy M Adcock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720280/preanalytical-considerations-for-joint-fluid-evaluation
#6
REVIEW
Caitlyn R Martinez, Kelly S Santangelo
Synovial fluid analysis is a key component of the minimum database needed to diagnose and manage primary and secondary articular joint disorders. Unfortunately, preanalytical variables can drastically alter samples submitted for evaluation to veterinary laboratories and it is considered the stage at which most laboratory error occurs. This article addresses common sources of preanalytical variability and error that are seen in veterinary medicine. With consistent quality control and reporting of specimens, downstream clinical decision making and management of patients can be accelerated and improved...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717415/monitoring-oxygen-status
#7
J G Toffaletti, C R Rackley
Although part of a common "blood gas" test panel with pH and pCO2, the pO2, %O2Hb, and related parameters are independently used to detect and monitor oxygen deficits from a variety of causes. Measurement of blood gases and cooximetry may be done by laboratory analyzers, point of care testing, noninvasive pulse oximetry, and transcutaneous blood gases. The specimen type and mode of monitoring oxygenation that are chosen may be based on a combination of urgency, practicality, clinical need, and therapeutic objectives...
2016: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686172/significant-reduction-in-preanalytical-errors-for-nonphlebotomy-blood-draws-after-implementation-of-a-novel-integrated-specimen-collection-module
#8
Rachel D Le, Stacy E F Melanson, Athena K Petrides, Ellen M Goonan, Ida Bixho, Adam B Landman, Anne Marie Brogan, David W Bates, Milenko J Tanasijevic
OBJECTIVES: Most preanalytical errors at our institution occur during nonphlebotomy blood draws. We implemented an electronic health record (EHR), interfaced the EHR to the laboratory information system, and designed a new specimen collection module. We studied the effects of the new system on nonphlebotomy preanalytical errors. METHODS: We used an electronic database of preanalytical errors and calculated the number and type of the most common errors in the emergency department (ED) and inpatient nursing for 3-month periods before (August-October 2014) and after (August-October 2015) implementation...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645817/critical-care-glucose-point-of-care-testing
#9
S N Narla, M Jones, K L Hermayer, Y Zhu
Maintaining blood glucose concentration within an acceptable range is a goal for patients with diabetes mellitus. Point-of-care glucose meters initially designed for home self-monitoring in patients with diabetes have been widely used in the hospital settings because of ease of use and quick reporting of blood glucose information. They are not only utilized for the general inpatient population but also for critically ill patients. Many factors affect the accuracy of point-of-care glucose testing, particularly in critical care settings...
2016: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592325/freedom-solo-associated-thrombocytopaenia-is-valve-dependent-and-not-due-to-in-vitro-pseudothrombocytopaenia
#10
Olaf Stanger, Brigitta Gahl, Michael Grabherr, Richard Krausler, Sarah Longnus, Andreas Meinitzer, Janne Cadamuro
BACKGROUND: Use of the Freedom SOLO (FS) stentless aortic bioprosthesis is limited by a unique and as yet unexplained severe decrease in postoperative platelet count in the absence of FS-related excess bleeding or thromboembolism. We investigated whether anticoagulant-associated pseudothrombocytopaenia could explain this complication. METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients (mean age 75.4±7.7 years, 11 [36.7%] female) underwent elective aortic valve replacement (AVR) with either the stented bovine Mitroflow (MF, n=18) or the stentless bovine FS (n=12) aortic valve bioprostheses...
August 16, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580180/risk-analysis-of-the-preanalytical-process-based-on-quality-indicators-data
#11
Zlata Flegar-Meštrić, Sonja Perkov, Andrea Radeljak, Mirjana Marijana Kardum Paro, Ingrid Prkačin, Ana Devčić-Jeras
BACKGROUND: Improving quality and patient safety in the medical biochemistry laboratory accredited according to the International Standard Organization (ISO 15189:2012) requires the patient-centered evaluation of errors based on the implementation of quality indicators (QIs) across the total testing process. Our main goal was to achieve quality improvement of the preanalytical process in an emergency laboratory which had the highest error rate using risk management principles. METHODS: Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) was applied to analyze predefined preanalytical QIs and score laboratory failures for the failure demerit value (FDV), probability of failure (PF) and probability of failure remedy (PFR)...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578515/development-of-a-novel-quality-improvement-indicator-based-on-the-hemolysis-index
#12
Eun Jin Lee, Miyoung Kim, Han Sung Kim, Min Jeong Park, Young Kyung Lee, Hee Jung Kang
Hemolysis frequently causes preanalytical errors in laboratory measurements. We aimed to develop a quality improvement indicator for evaluating the extent of inappropriate procedures causing hemolysis in clinical samples collected in medical care units. We defined the threshold value of the hemolysis index (H index) causing significant interference with analyte measurement and analyzed the H index values of clinical samples in relation to the threshold. The H index threshold value causing a 10% bias in the measurement of lactate dehydrogenase was found to be 25...
November 2016: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562391/a-six-sigma-trial-for-reduction-of-error-rates-in-pathology-laboratory
#13
Zeynep Tosuner, Zühal Gücin, Tuğçe Kiran, Nur Büyükpinarbaşili, Seval Turna, Olcay Taşkiran, Dilek Sema Arici
OBJECTIVE: A major target of quality assurance is the minimization of error rates in order to enhance patient safety. Six Sigma is a method targeting zero error (3.4 errors per million events) used in industry. The five main principles of Six Sigma are defining, measuring, analysis, improvement and control. Using this methodology, the causes of errors can be examined and process improvement strategies can be identified. The aim of our study was to evaluate the utility of Six Sigma methodology in error reduction in our pathology laboratory...
2016: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499777/preanalytical-errors-in-hematology-laboratory-an-avoidable-incompetence
#14
Vikram Narang HarsimranKaur, Pavneet Kaur Selhi, Neena Sood, Aminder Singh
BACKGROUND: Quality assurance in the hematology laboratory is a must to ensure laboratory users of reliable test results with high degree of precision and accuracy. Even after so many advances in hematology laboratory practice, pre-analytical errors remain a challenge for practicing pathologists. This study was undertaken with an objective to evaluate the types and frequency of preanalytical errors in hematology laboratory of our center. METHODS: All the samples received in the Hematology Laboratory of Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India over a period of one year (July 2013-July 2014) were included in the study and preanalytical variables like clotted samples, quantity not sufficient, wrong sample, without label, wrong label were studied...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444170/order-of-blood-draw-opinion-paper-by-the-european-federation-for-clinical-chemistry-and-laboratory-medicine-eflm-working-group-for-the-preanalytical-phase-wg-pre
#15
Michael Cornes, Edmée van Dongen-Lases, Kjell Grankvist, Mercedes Ibarz, Gunn Kristensen, Giuseppe Lippi, Mads Nybo, Ana-Maria Simundic
It has been well reported over recent years that most errors within the total testing process occur in the pre-analytical phase (46%-68.2%), an area that is usually outside of the direct control of the laboratory and which includes sample collection (phlebotomy). National and international (WHO, CLSI) guidelines recommend that the order of draw of blood during phlebotomy should be blood culture/sterile tubes, then plain tubes/gel tubes, then tubes containing additives. This prevents contamination of sample tubes with additives from previous tubes that could cause erroneous results...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428874/quality-requirements-for-veterinary-hematology-analyzers-in-small-animals-a-survey-about-veterinary-experts-requirements-and-objective-evaluation-of-analyzer-performance-based-on-a-meta-analysis-of-method-validation-studies-bench-top-hematology-analyzer
#16
Andrea M Cook, Andreas Moritz, Kathleen P Freeman, Natali Bauer
BACKGROUND: Scarce information exists about quality requirements and objective evaluation of performance of large veterinary bench top hematology analyzers. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at comparing the observed total error (TEobs ) derived from meta-analysis of published method validation data to the total allowable error (TEa ) for veterinary hematology variables in small animals based on experts' opinions. Ideally, TEobs should be < TEa . METHODS: An online survey was sent to veterinary experts in clinical pathology and small animal internal medicine for providing the maximal allowable deviation from a given result for each variable...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405682/quality-laboratory-issues-in-bleeding-disorders
#17
D M Adcock, J Mammen, S C Nair, S A de Lima Montalvão
Selected quality issues pertinent to the determination of accurate results in the haemostasis laboratory are discussed. Specifically, the implementation of a successful external quality-assessment scheme is described, including its impact on result accuracy as well as the programme's unique challenges and opportunities. Errors in the preanalytical phase of laboratory testing represent the greatest source for reporting incorrect test results. Some of the most common preanalytical errors are described including those that necessitate sample rejection...
July 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405144/-estimate-of-the-intrinsic-error-of-the-measuring-instrument-of-the-laboratory-for-analytical-determinations-of-the-critical-patient
#18
Tania Tineo Drove, María Ángeles Santos Ampuero, Ana Díaz López, Francisco Rodríguez Salvanés, Lorena Vega Piris, Mercedes Gómez Puyuelo
Decrease blood loss associated with the analytical laboratory is a determinant of safety and quality in the preanalytical phase, in order to achieve an optimal level of care, where nurses have leading role to be responsible for the care of the critically ill patient.
May 2016: Revista de Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391303/effect-of-prewarming-edta-blood-samples-to-37%C3%A2-c-on-platelet-count-measured-by-sysmex-xt-2000iv-in-dogs-cats-and-horses
#19
Tim L Williams, Joy Archer
BACKGROUND: Pseudothrombocytopenia secondary to platelet clumping is a common cause of preanalytic error for platelet counts in dogs, cats, and horses. In human beings, it is suggested that prewarming blood samples to 37°C prior to hematology analysis will reduce platelet clumping. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of prewarming EDTA blood samples to 37°C on measured platelet counts and other hematologic variables. METHODS: The EDTA blood samples from dogs, cats and horses submitted to the clinical pathology laboratory at the University of Cambridge were included...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213091/the-effectiveness-of-clinician-education-on-the-adequate-completion-of-laboratory-test-request-forms-at-a-tertiary-hospital
#20
I D Osegbe, O Afolabi, C P Onyenekwu
BACKGROUND: Inadequately completed laboratory test request forms contribute to preanalytical errors and limit the advice of pathologists when interpreting laboratory test results. Educating clinicians about this has been proposed by several studies as a strategy to reduce the occurrence. AIM: We aimed to determine the effectiveness of such education on the prevalence of adequately completed laboratory test request forms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study conducted at the chemical pathology laboratory of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria...
March 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
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