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Maintenance chemotherapy in metastatic triple negative breast cancer patients

Connie Rabanal, Rossana Ruiz, Silvia Neciosup, Henry Gomez
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) accounts for 15%-20% of all breast cancer, and is still defined as what it is not. Currently, TNBC is the only type of breast cancer for which there are no approved targeted therapies and maximum tolerated dose chemotherapy with taxanes and anthracycline-containing regimens is still the standard of care in both the neoadjuvant and adjuvant settings. In the last years, metronomic chemotherapy (MC) is being explored as an alternative to improve outcomes in TNBC. In the neoadjuvant setting, purely metronomic and hybrid approaches have been developed with the objective of increasing complete pathologic response (pCR) and prolonging disease free survival...
December 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
Karthik Kota, Shannon Puhalla
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) have poorer outcomes than hormone positive or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancers, with chemotherapy being the usual standard of care. Veliparib, a poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, has been studied in both breast cancer susceptibility genes 1 and 2 (BRCA)-mutation related and sporadic cancers as a single agent and in combination with chemotherapy. Here, we describe a patient whose metastatic recurrence of TNBC was treated with combination chemotherapy and veliparib followed by maintenance single-therapy veliparib...
July 4, 2017: Curēus
Claudio Vernieri, Monica Milano, Alessia Mennitto, Claudia Maggi, Benvenuto Ferrari, Lucia Rinaldi, Roberta Mennitto, Claudia Stefanetti, Barbara Re, Gabriella Mariani, Giulia Bianchi, Giuseppe Capri, Filippo de Braud
BACKGROUND: Taxanes are a mainstay in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer (mBC). Combination chemotherapy, including platinum-taxens doublets, can improve tumor responses and progression-free survival (PFS), but is associated with more toxicities and an uncertain benefit in terms of overall survival (OS). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study on 274 consecutive patients with mBC treated at the Division of Medical Oncology of Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy, during the decade 2007-2016 with the combination of carboplatin AUC 2 plus paclitaxel 80 mg/m(2), both given on days 1 and 8 in every 21-day cycle...
June 14, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Jean-Marc Ferrero, Anne-Claire Hardy-Bessard, Olivier Capitain, Alain Lortholary, Bruno Salles, Philippe Follana, Robert Herve, Mathilde Deblock, Jérôme Dauba, Mustapha Atlassi, Rémy Largillier
BACKGROUND: The current study was performed to determine the efficacy and safety of first-line combination therapy with bevacizumab, paclitaxel, and capecitabine for triple-negative, locally advanced/metastatic breast cancer (LA/MBC). METHODS: Patients with measurable triple-negative LA/MBC who had received no prior chemotherapy for their disease received 4-weekly cycles of paclitaxel (80 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, and 15 for up to 6 cycles) combined with capecitabine (800 mg/m(2) twice daily on days 1-5, 8-12, and 15-19) and bevacizumab (10 mg/kg on days 1 and 14) repeated every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurred...
October 15, 2016: Cancer
X Wang, J Ren, J Zhang, Y Yan, N Jiang, J Yu, L Di, G Song, L Che, J Jia, X Zhou, H Yang, H K Lyerly
BACKGROUND: The recent immunotherapy treatment on triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) leads to the breakthrough assignation. In this study, we have tried the new combinations of specific chemo with DC-CIKs immunotherapy to treat those patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three metastatic anthracyclines and taxanes pretreated TNBC younger (mean 41.5 years) patients were initially mobilized with cyclophosphamide (3 g/m(2)) for the preparation of CD34(+) peripheral blood mononuclear cells as the resources for generating DC/CIKs and marrow function supports...
January 2016: Clinical & Translational Oncology
Takashi Shigekawa, Akihiko Osaki, Toshiaki Saeki
It may be difficult to achieve complete cure for most metastatic breast cancer patients;thus, prolongation of overall survival and maintenance of the quality of life are often the main focus of treatment. In the treatment of metastatic breast cancer patients, it is important to choose the most appropriate therapeutic strategy based on substantial evidence that considers the biology of the tumor, including estrogen receptor(ER), progesterone receptor(PgR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2(HER2)status;the site and extent of the metastatic focus;the time to recurrence;prior treatment regimens;age; menopausal status;performance status;and the preference of the patient...
April 2015: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Xu Liang, Lijun Di, Guohong Song, Ying Yan, Chaoying Wang, Hanfang Jiang, Huiping Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of capecitabine maintenance therapy (MT) after initial capecitabine plus docetaxel (XT) chemotherapy in patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC). METHODS: Fifty-five mTNBC patients treated with XT chemotherapy between May 2007 and June 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. When initial disease control was achieved by the combination chemotherapy, capecitabine was continued for 32 patients (MT), while 23 patients remained without any treatment (non-MT)...
October 2014: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
M Sochor, P Chlebus
Breast cancer incidence is 120/100,000 women and thus, it is the most frequent malignant disease in women. Despite the ever-increasing incidence, mortality has stayed stable; this is due to screening with detection of early breast cancers, adjuvant treatment and advances in targeted therapy. Currently, we perceive breast cancer as a phenotypically different subunits, influenced by genetic and epigenetic changes. All 5 basic subgroups (luminal A, B, basal-like, HER-2 positive and claudin-low) vary significantly in their prognosis and therapeutic options...
2013: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
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