keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hepatorenal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327821/chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#1
Omer Shahab, Pegah Golabi, Zobair M Younossi
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects many organs in the body, including the liver, kidneys, skin, joints and others. Although the hepatic manifestation of HCV has been widely studied, the extrahepatic manifestaions of HCV have not been fully appreciated. Studies have shown that patients with HCV have a higher risk of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease, as well as poorer outcomes after kidney transplantation. Given these findings, it is important to screen HCV patients for presence of renal impairement in a timely manner...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326876/mildly-elevated-succinylacetone-and-normal-liver-function-in-compound-heterozygotes-with-pathogenic-and-pseudodeficient-fah-alleles
#2
Hao Yang, Francis Rossignol, Denis Cyr, Rachel Laframboise, Shu Pei Wang, Jean-François Soucy, Marie-Thérèse Berthier, Yves Giguère, Paula J Waters, Grant A Mitchell
Background: A high level of succinylacetone (SA) in blood is a sensitive, specific marker for the screening and diagnosis of hepatorenal tyrosinemia (HT1, MIM 276700). HT1 is caused by mutations in the FAH gene, resulting in deficiency of fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase. HT1 newborns are usually clinically asymptomatic, but have coagulation abnormalities revealing liver dysfunction. Treatment with nitisinone (NTBC) plus dietary restriction of tyrosine and phenylalanine prevents the complications of HT1...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315697/fractional-excretion-of-urea-a-simple-tool-for-the-differential-diagnosis-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-cirrhosis
#3
Kavish R Patidar, Le Kang, Jasmohan S Bajaj, Daniel Carl, Arun J Sanyal
Current approaches to determine the cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with cirrhosis are suboptimal. The aim of this study was to determine the utility of fractional excretion of urea (FEUrea) for the differential diagnosis of AKI in cirrhotic patients. A retrospective analysis was performed in patients (n=50) with cirrhosis and ascites admitted with AKI. Using adjudicated etiology assessment as the reference standard, receiver operating curves (ROC) and optimal cutoff, sensitivity (Sn) and specificity (Sp) for the diagnosis of prerenal azotemia (PRA), type 1 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) and acute tubular necrosis (ATN) was derived...
January 8, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312606/induction-of-renal-artery-hyperresponsiveness-by-alpha1-adrenoceptor-in-hepatorenal-syndrome
#4
Xiaogang Zhang, Xinsen Xu, Yina Jiang, Jianyu He, Wenjing Wang, Wei Li, Xufeng Zhang, Yi Lv
Objective: To investigate the potential role of alpha1-adrenoceptor (α1-AR) in the pathogenesis of hepatorenal syndrome. Methods: Hepatorenal syndrome was induced in male rats by intraperitoneal injection of D-galactosamine and orally treatment with α1-AR antagonist tamsulosin. Hyperresponsiveness of the renal artery contraction was evaluated by the laser-Doppler flowmetry and multimyograph system, while renal blood flow (cortical and medullary perfusion) was simultaneously measured...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303765/circulating-mir-21-mir-210-and-mir-146a-as-potential-biomarkers-to-differentiate-acute-tubular-necrosis-from-hepatorenal-syndrome-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-pilot-study
#5
Mona Mohamed Watany, Rasha Youssef Hagag, Hanaa Ibrahim Okda
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in cirrhotic patients may be functional (hepatorenal syndrome [HRS]) or structural (acute tubular necrosis [ATN]). The differentiation between these two conditions remains challenging; no definite biomarker with a clear cutoff value had been declared. miRNAs seem to be attractive innovative biomarkers to identify the nature of kidney injury in cirrhotic patients. This study aimed to investigate the possibility of using miR-21, miR-210 and miR-146a as differentiating markers between HRS and ATN...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291380/unique-metabolomic-signature-associated-with-hepatorenal-dysfunction-and-mortality-in-cirrhosis
#6
Ayse L Mindikoglu, Antone R Opekun, Nagireddy Putluri, Sridevi Devaraj, David Sheikh-Hamad, John M Vierling, John A Goss, Abbas Rana, Gagan K Sood, Prasun K Jalal, Lesley A Inker, Robert P Mohney, Hocine Tighiouart, Robert H Christenson, Thomas C Dowling, Matthew R Weir, Stephen L Seliger, William R Hutson, Charles D Howell, Jean-Pierre Raufman, Laurence S Magder, Cristian Coarfa
The application of nontargeted metabolomic profiling has recently become a powerful noninvasive tool to discover new clinical biomarkers. This study aimed to identify metabolic pathways that could be exploited for prognostic and therapeutic purposes in hepatorenal dysfunction in cirrhosis. One hundred three subjects with cirrhosis had glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measured using iothalamate plasma clearance, and were followed until death, transplantation, or the last encounter. Concomitantly, plasma metabolomic profiling was performed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to identify preliminary metabolomic biomarker candidates...
December 12, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290508/the-emergency-medicine-evaluation-and-management-of-the-patient-with-cirrhosis
#7
REVIEW
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is a significant cause of death in the U.S. and has a variety of causes, most commonly Hepatitis C and alcohol. Liver fibrosis and nodule formation result in significant complications due to portal system hypertension. There are several deadly complications emergency physicians must consider. OBJECTIVE OF THE REVIEW: Provide an evidence-based update for the resuscitation of decompensating cirrhotic patients and an overview of cirrhosis complications...
December 23, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258378/hepatorenal-syndrome-the-clinical-impact-of-vasoactive-therapy
#8
Isabelle Colle, Pierre-François Laterre
Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a unique form of acute kidney injury seen in cirrhotic patients and associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Despite its impact, diagnosis and treatment of HRS remains challenging and this review aims to assess and compare the available vasoconstrictors used as first-line treatment for HRS. Areas covered: A literature review was undertaken on the use of vasoconstrictors in HRS, using PubMed/Medline database searches of: 'hepatorenal syndrome', 'HRS' and 'vasoconstrictor'...
February 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241324/repeatedly-heated-palm-kernel-oil-induces-hyperlipidemia-atherogenic-indices-and-hepatorenal-toxicity-in-rats-beneficial-role-of-virgin-coconut-oil-supplementation
#9
Ademola C Famurewa, Onyebuchi E Nwankwo, Abiola M Folawiyo, Emeka C Igwe, Michael A Epete, Odomero G Ufebe
BACKGROUND: The literature reports that the health benefits of vegetable oil can be deteriorated by repeated heating, which leads to lipid oxidation and the formation of free radicals. Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is emerging as a functional food oil and its health benefits are attributed to its potent polyphenolic compounds. We investigated the beneficial effect of VCO supplementation on lipid profile, liver and kidney markers in rats fed repeatedly heated palm kernel oil (HPO). METHODS: Rats were divided into four groups (n = 5)...
October 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240010/well-preserved-renal-function-in-children-with-untreated-chronic-liver-disease
#10
Ulla B Berg, Antal Németh
OBJECTIVES: Based on studies with hepatorenal syndrome, it is widely regarded that renal function is impacted in chronic liver disease. Therefore we investigated renal function in our children with chronic liver disease. METHODS: In a retrospective study of 277 children with chronic liver disease, renal function was investigated as glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), measured as clearance of inulin and para-amino hippuric acid or clearance of iohexol...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239266/epidemiology-of-invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-in-patients-with-liver-failure-clinical-presentation-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#11
Xuan Zhang, Meifang Yang, Jianhua Hu, Hong Zhao, Lanjuan Li
Objective Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is a severe and often lethal infection. The possible risk factors, clinical presentation, and treatment of patients with simultaneous liver failure and IPA have received little attention in previous studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of IPA in patients with liver failure in an effort to reduce patient mortality. Methods The patients with liver failure (including acute liver failure , sub-acute liver failure , acute-on-chronic liver failure and chronic liver failure) were recruited from 2011 to 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213265/lactobacillus-plantarum-mys6-ameliorates-fumonisin-b1-induced-hepatorenal-damage-in-broilers
#12
B V Deepthi, Rakesh Somashekaraiah, K Poornachandra Rao, N Deepa, N K Dharanesha, K S Girish, M Y Sreenivasa
Fumonisin B1 (FB1), a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium species is a predominant Group 2B carcinogen occurring in maize and maize-based poultry feeds. It is shown to be nephrotoxic, hepatotoxic, neurotoxic, and immunosuppressing in animals. In this study, we report the ameliorating effects of a probiotic strain, Lactobacillus plantarum MYS6 on FB1-induced toxicity and oxidative damage in broilers. A 6-week dietary experiment consisting of 48 broilers was performed in six treatment groups. Probiotic treatment (109 cells/mL) involved pre-colonization of broilers with L...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203196/hepatorenal-protective-effects-of-medicinal-herbs-in-an-gong-niu-huang-wan-agnh-against-cinnabar-and-realgar-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-damage-in-mice
#13
Ao Li, Jing-Yao Zhang, Xiao Xiao, Songsong Wang, Jian-Bo Wan, Yu-Shuang Chai, Peng Li, Yitao Wang
An-Gong-Niu-Huang Wan (AGNH) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine prescription that contains cinnabar (HgS) and realgar (As2S2); the clinical practice of AGNH is hindered because both mercury and arsenic are hepatorenal toxic metalloids. It is noted that the cinnabar and realgar in AGNH are not used alone, but rather combined with different kinds of medicinal herbs as a formula to use. In this study, we evaluated the hepatorenal protective effects of the medicinal herbs in AGNH after co-exposure to cinnabar and realgar for 4 weeks in mice...
December 1, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195145/simultaneous-quantification-of-succinylacetone-and-nitisinone-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-the-treatment-of-tyrosinemia-type-1
#14
Jonas Sundberg, Flemming Wibrand, Allan Meldgaard Lund, Mette Christensen
We present a straightforward and robust method for simultaneous quantification of succinylacetone and nitisinone in plasma using LC-ESI-MS/MS. The method has been developed for routine therapeutic drug monitoring in hepatorenal tyrosinemia type 1 (HT1) patients undergoing nitisinone treatment. Previous methods are based on separate analyses of succinylacetone and nitisinone, often using the potentially harmful compound hydrazine for derivatization of the former. In the present procedure, succinylacetone is derivatized in a single-step using butanolic HCl...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163175/evaluation-of-the-antioxidant-and-antiglycation-effects-of-lactarius-deterrimus-and-castanea-sativa-extracts-on-hepatorenal-injury-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#15
Jelena Arambašić Jovanović, Mirjana Mihailović, Aleksandra S Uskoković, Nevena Grdović, Svetlana Dinić, Goran Poznanović, Ibrahim Mujić, Melita Vidaković
The present study aimed to investigate the beneficial effects of the treatment with extracts from the edible mushroom Lactarius deterrimus (Ld) and the chestnut Castanea sativa (Cs), separately and in combination (MIX Ld/Cs), on oxidative stress and advanced glycation end-product (AGE)-mediated hepatorenal injury in a rat model of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes by examining pathways responsible for maintenance of redox homeostasis. An experimental model of diabetes was induced in rats by the administration of 40 mg/kg STZ intraperitoneally (i...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158840/inorganic-kernel-reconstituted-lipoprotein-biomimetic-nanovehicles-enable-efficient-targeting-trojan-horse-delivery-of-stat3-decoy-oligonucleotide-for-overcoming-trail-resistance
#16
Kai Shi, Jianxiu Xue, Yan Fang, Hongshu Bi, Shan Gao, Dongjuan Yang, Anqi Lu, Yuai Li, Yao Chen, Liyuan Ke
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) can selectively induce apoptosis in a variety of tumor cells, but not most normal cells. Nevertheless, its therapeutic potential is limited due to the frequent occurrence of resistance in tumor cells, especially hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines. Therefore, we investigated the reversal effect of STAT3-decoy oligonucleotides (ODNs) on TRAIL resistance. Methods. Considering that the drawback of poor cellular permeability and rapid degradation in vivo limited ODNs' further clinical applications, we developed a biomimetic calcium phosphate-reconstituted low density lipoprotein nanovehicle (CaP@LDL) that would serve as a "Trojan horse" to carry STAT3-decoy ODNs into tumor cells and then regulate TRAIL-induced apoptosis...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151800/hepatorenal-syndrome-role-of-the-transjugular-intrahepatic-stent-shunt-in-real-life-practice
#17
Gianni Testino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129539/leptospirosis-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Jorge Luis Hidalgo Marroquin, Guy A Richards, Pravin Amin
Leptospirosis is a zoonosis caused by a gram negative aerobic spirochete of the genus Leptospira. It is acquired by contact with urine or reproductive fluids from infected animals, or by inoculation from contaminated water or soil. The disease has a global distribution, mainly in tropical and subtropical regions that have a humid, rainy climate and is also common in travelers returning from these regions. Clinical suspicion is critical for the diagnosis and it should be included in the differential diagnosis of any patient with a febrile hepatorenal syndrome in, or returning from endemic regions...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122911/prognosis-of-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-aki-who-initiate-rrt
#19
Andrew S Allegretti, Xavier Vela Parada, Nwamaka D Eneanya, Hannah Gilligan, Dihua Xu, Sophia Zhao, Jules L Dienstag, Raymond T Chung, Ravi I Thadhani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Literature on the prognosis of patients with cirrhosis who require RRT for AKI is sparse and is confounded by liver transplant eligibility. An update on outcomes in the nonlisted subgroup is needed. Our objective was to compare outcomes in this group between those diagnosed with hepatorenal syndrome and acute tubular necrosis, stratifying by liver transplant listing status. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with cirrhosis acutely initiated on hemodialysis or continuous RRT at five hospitals, including one liver transplant center...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115798/acute-alcoholic-hepatitis-a-literature-review-and-proposal-of-treatment
#20
Gianni Testino, Silvia Leone
Severe acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH) can lead to a clinical picture with a sixmonth mortality rate in more than 70% of cases. This clinical picture is characterized by: jaundice with a duration of less than three months, jaundice at the first failure event, serum bilirubin greater than 5 mg / dL, ratio AST / ALT> 2: 1, AST less than 500 IU / L, ALT <300 IU / L, neutrophil leukocytosis and a GGT increase. In addition, encephalopathy, fever, asthenia and coagulopathy may be present. Its onset may also be characterized by portalhypertensionrelated complications, particularly bleeding and hepatorenal syndrome...
November 7, 2017: Minerva Medica
keyword
keyword
6129
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"