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Iboga ibogaine

Zorana Oreščanin-Dušić, Nikola Tatalović, Teodora Vidonja-Uzelac, Jelena Nestorov, Aleksandra Nikolić-Kokić, Ana Mijušković, Mihajlo Spasić, Roman Paškulin, Mara Bresjanac, Duško Blagojević
Ibogaine is an indole alkaloid originally extracted from the root bark of the African rainforest shrub Tabernanthe iboga . It has been explored as a treatment for substance abuse because it interrupts drug addiction and relieves withdrawal symptoms. However, it has been shown that ibogaine treatment leads to a sharp and transient fall in cellular ATP level followed by an increase of cellular respiration and ROS production. Since contractile tissues are sensitive to changes in the levels of ATP and ROS, here we investigated an ibogaine-mediated link between altered redox homeostasis and uterine contractile activity...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Catherine Lavaud, Georges Massiot
Iboga alkaloids are a particular class of indolomonoterpenes most often characterized by an isoquinuclidine nucleus. Their first occurrence was detected in the roots of Tabernanthe iboga, a sacred plant to the people of Gabon, which made it cult object. Ibogaine is the main representative of this class of alkaloids and its psychoactive properties are well documented. It has been proposed as a drug cessation treatment and has a wide range of activities in targeting opioids, cocaine, and alcohol. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a background on this molecule and related compounds and to update knowledge on the most recent advances made...
2017: Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products
Zygmunt Zdrojewicz, Bartłomiej Kuszczak, Natalia Olszak
Ibogaine is a natural chemical compound, which belongs to the indole alkaloid family. It can be naturally found within the root bark of african plant Tabernanthe iboga. Ibogaine plays a significant role among tribal cultures. Ibogaine, in small amount, causes reduction of hunger, thirst and exhaustion. In bigger amount, however, it can cause intensive visions. Other effects include reduction or complete disappearance of absitnence symptoms visible in people addicted to the nicotine, alcohol, methamphetamine, cocaine or opioids, what has been scientifically proven after the tests on animals and small groups of people...
July 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
L J Schep, R J Slaughter, S Galea, D Newcombe
The indole alkaloid ibogaine, present in the root bark of the West African rain forest shrub Tabernanthe iboga, has been adopted in the West as a treatment for drug dependence. Treatment of patients requires large doses of the alkaloid to cause hallucinations, an alleged integral part of the patient's treatment regime. However, case reports and case series continue to describe evidences of ataxia, gastrointestinal distress, ventricular arrhythmias and sudden and unexplained deaths of patients undergoing treatment for drug dependence...
September 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Thomas Gicquel, Chloé Hugbart, Françoise Le Devehat, Sylvie Lepage, Alain Baert, Renaud Bouvet, Isabelle Morel
Powdered roots of iboga (Tabernanthe iboga) contain ibogaine, an alkaloid that has been used to treat addictions. We report the case of a 30-year-old woman who died after ingesting a powder labeled as Tabernanthe iboga she had bought online. Analysis of the powder revealed the absence of ibogaine but the presence of toxic alkaloids (ajmaline, yohimbine and reserpine) found in Rauvolfia sp. plant species. An original and specific LC-MS/MS method developed to quantify ajmaline, yohimbine and reserpine showed respective concentrations of 109...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
Laurie Cloutier-Gill, Evan Wood, Trevor Millar, Caroline Ferris, M Eugenia Socias
BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorders (OUD) translate into major health, social, and economic consequences. Opioid agonist medications, which generally require long-term administration, are the mainstay pharmacological treatment of OUD. However, a large proportion of individuals with OUD either refuse or fail to respond to these therapies. Ibogaine, a naturally occurring substance found in the Tabernanthe iboga plant, has shown potential to bring about transformative or spiritual experiences that have reportedly been associated with long-term abstinece...
July 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Bridget Forsyth, Liana Machado, Tim Jowett, Hannah Jakobi, Kira Garbe, Helen Winter, Paul Glue
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Root bark from Tabernanthe iboga has been used traditionally in West Africa as a psychoactive substance in religious rituals. In smaller doses it is reported anecdotally to have stimulant properties. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the influence of a single 20mg ibogaine dose on psychological variables reflecting subjective mood state and a range of cognitive functions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 21 healthy male volunteers received single 20mg doses of ibogaine after 6 days pretreatment with double-blind paroxetine or placebo...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Gaoyuan Zhao, Xingang Xie, Haiyu Sun, Ziyun Yuan, Zhuliang Zhong, Shouchu Tang, Xuegong She
We present the application of a bioinspired collective synthesis strategy in the total syntheses of seven iboga-type indole alkaloids: (±)-tabertinggine, (±)-ibogamine, (±)-ibogaine, (±)-ibogaine hydroxyindolenine, (±)-3-oxoibogaine hydroxyindolenine, (±)-iboluteine, and (±)-ervaoffines D. In particular, tabertinggine and its congeners serve as iboga precursors for the subsequent biomimetic transformations into other iboga-type alkaloids.
May 20, 2016: Organic Letters
Ruud P W Litjens, Tibor M Brunt
CONTEXT: Ibogaine is a psychoactive indole alkaloid found in the African rainforest shrub Tabernanthe Iboga. It is unlicensed but used in the treatment of drug and alcohol addiction. However, reports of ibogaine's toxicity are cause for concern. OBJECTIVES: To review ibogaine's pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, mechanisms of action and reported toxicity. METHODS: A search of the literature available on PubMed was done, using the keywords "ibogaine" and "noribogaine"...
2016: Clinical Toxicology
Aleksandra Nikolić-Kokić, Zorana Oreščanin-Dušić, Ivan Spasojević, Marija Slavić, Ana Mijušković, Roman Paškulin, Čedo Miljević, Mihajlo B Spasić, Duško P Blagojević
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ibogaine is a naturally occurring alkaloid with psychotropic and metabotropic effects, derived from the bark of the root of the West African Tabernanthe iboga plant. The tribes of Kongo basin have been using iboga as a stimulant, for medicinal purposes, and in rite of passage ceremonies, for centuries. Besides, it has been found that this drug has anti-addictive effects. AIM OF THE STUDY: Previous studies have demonstrated that ibogaine changed the quantity of ATP and energy related enzymes as well as the activity of antioxidant enzymes in cells thus altering redox equilibrium in a time manner...
April 22, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Kenneth Alper, Rong Bai, Nian Liu, Steven J Fowler, Xi-Ping Huang, Silvia G Priori, Yanfei Ruan
The iboga alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring and synthetic compounds, some of which modify drug self-administration and withdrawal in humans and preclinical models. Ibogaine, the prototypic iboga alkaloid that is utilized clinically to treat addictions, has been associated with QT prolongation, torsades de pointes and fatalities. hERG blockade as IKr was measured using the whole-cell patch clamp technique in HEK 293 cells. This yielded the following IC50 values: ibogaine manufactured by semisynthesis via voacangine (4...
January 2016: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Ben-Qin Tang, Wen-Jing Wang, Xiao-Jun Huang, Guo-Qiang Li, Lei Wang, Ren-Wang Jiang, Ting-Ting Yang, Lei Shi, Xiao-Qi Zhang, Wen-Cai Ye
Seven new iboga-type alkaloids, ervaoffines A-D (1-4), (7S)-3-oxoibogaine hydroxyindolenine (5), ibogaine-5,6-dione (6), and 19-epi-5-oxovoacristine (7), and 10 known alkaloids were isolated from Ervatamia officinalis. The absolute configurations of 1-7 were determined through X-ray diffraction and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) analyses. Ervaoffines A and B represent the first iboga-type pseudoindoxyl alkaloids in which the C-2 spiro carbon configuration is opposite to that of other members of this class, such as iboluteine (8)...
August 22, 2014: Journal of Natural Products
Tamara Antonio, Steven R Childers, Richard B Rothman, Christina M Dersch, Christine King, Martin Kuehne, William G Bornmann, Amy J Eshleman, Aaron Janowsky, Eric R Simon, Maarten E A Reith, Kenneth Alper
OBJECTIVE: The iboga alkaloids are a class of small molecules defined structurally on the basis of a common ibogamine skeleton, some of which modify opioid withdrawal and drug self-administration in humans and preclinical models. These compounds may represent an innovative approach to neurobiological investigation and development of addiction pharmacotherapy. In particular, the use of the prototypic iboga alkaloid ibogaine for opioid detoxification in humans raises the question of whether its effect is mediated by an opioid agonist action, or if it represents alternative and possibly novel mechanism of action...
2013: PloS One
Stavroula A Papadodima, Artemis Dona, Christos I Evaggelakos, Nikolaos Goutas, Sotirios A Athanaselis
Ibogaine is a naturally occurring alkaloid derived from the roots of the rain forest shrub Tabernanthe iboga. Deaths have occurred temporarily related to the use of ibogaine. However, although not licensed as therapeutic drug, and despite evidence that ibogaine may disturb the rhythm of the heart, this alkaloid is currently used as an anti-addiction drug in alternative medicine for detoxification purposes. We report the case of a man who died suddenly 12-24 h after ibogaine use for alcohol detoxification treatment...
October 2013: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Cédric Mazoyer, Jérémy Carlier, Alexandra Boucher, Michel Péoc'h, Catherine Lemeur, Yvan Gaillard
We report the case of a man who died twelve hours after ingesting powdered iboga root, commonly taken for its stimulant and hallucinogenic properties. Ibogaine and ibogamine were quantified in the powder ingested and the victim's body fluids by GC-MS/MS after liquid-liquid extraction (Toxi-tubes A(®)). The concentrations of ibogaine measured in the blood samples taken at the scene and in the peripheral blood, urine, and gastric fluid samples taken during the autopsy were 0.65, 1.27, 1.7, and 53.5 μg/mL, while the iboga content in the powder was 7...
November 2013: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Thomas Kingsley Brown
Ibogaine is a psychoactive alkaloid derived from Tabernanthe iboga, a plant used in initiatory rituals in West Central Africa. Largely because of ibogaine's status as a Schedule I substance in the U.S., the development of ibogaine's use in the treatment of drug addiction took place outside conventional clinical and medical settings. This article reviews the history of ibogaine's use in the treatment of drug addiction, and discusses progress made towards, and obstacles blocking, the establishment of controlled clinical trials of ibogaine's efficacy...
March 2013: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
F P Paling, L M Andrews, G D Valk, H J Blom
Ibogaine is a naturally occurring psychoactive alkaloid extracted from the roots of the Tabernanthe iboga plant, which in alternative medicine is used to treat drug dependency. However, this upcoming, online advocated therapy can be dangerous due to its potentially lethal adverse effects. We present three cases in which toxic side effects were noted. We used the Naranjo scale to estimate the probability of a causal relationship between these effects and ibogaine. Findings in these three cases are suggestive of a causal relationship between the use of ibogaine and serious respiratory and cardiac problems (including lengthening of the QT interval)...
November 2012: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
Jonathan Cachat, Evan J Kyzar, Christopher Collins, Siddharth Gaikwad, Jeremy Green, Andrew Roth, Mohamed El-Ounsi, Ari Davis, Mimi Pham, Samuel Landsman, Adam Michael Stewart, Allan V Kalueff
An indole alkaloid, ibogaine is the principal psychoactive component of the iboga plant, used by indigenous peoples in West Africa for centuries. Modulating multiple neurotransmitter systems, the drug is a potent hallucinogen in humans, although its psychotropic effects remain poorly understood. Expanding the range of model species is an important strategy for translational neuroscience research. Here we exposed adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) to 10 and 20mg/L of ibogaine, testing them in the novel tank, light-dark box, open field, mirror stimulation, social preference and shoaling tests...
January 1, 2013: Behavioural Brain Research
Roman Paškulin, Polona Jamnik, Tjaša Danevčič, Gordana Koželj, Rok Krašovec, Dijana Krstić-Milošević, Duško Blagojević, Borut Strukelj
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The root bark of iboga plant-Tabernanthe iboga has been used traditionally in Central Africa as a psychoactive substance in religious rituals, while in smaller doses it is appreciated due to its stimulant properties. The iboga root bark, iboga extract or pure ibogaine are being recognized in the West as an anti-addiction remedy and their use is increasing. AIM OF THE STUDY: Our previous studies have demonstrated a transient ATP pool reduction under ibogaine accompanied by the induction of energy metabolism related enzymes...
August 30, 2012: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Michał Tomczyk, Marijana Zovko-Koncić, Lech Chrostek
Alcoholism is a medical, social, and economic problem where treatment methods mostly include difficult and long-lasting psychotherapy and, in some cases, quite controversial pharmacological approaches. A number of medicinal plants and pure natural compounds are reported to have preventive and therapeutic effects on alcoholism and alcohol dependency, but their constituents, efficacy and mechanism of action are mostly unknown so far. Recently, kudzu [Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi], St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L...
February 2012: Natural Product Communications
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