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Qing Tu, Jianhui Gan, Jinlin Shi, Hong Yu, Shuangliang He, Jian Zhang
Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) is an effective analgesic measure. We studied the analgesic effect of TEAS by applying it alone after ureteroscopic lithotripsy, rather than applying it as a supplementary analgesic measure. Participants (n = 120) scheduled to undergo ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy, were enrolled and randomly assigned into Group T (TEAS n = 60) and Group C (Control, n = 60). The participants in Group T were treated with TEAS for postoperative analgesia...
March 20, 2018: Urolithiasis
Jânio S Santos, Carolina T P Deolindo, Jessica F Hoffmann, Fabio C Chaves, Leonardo do Prado-Silva, Anderson S Sant'Ana, Luciana Azevedo, Mariana Araújo Vieira do Carmo, Daniel Granato
A statistical optimization study was conducted to obtain a tea containing fermented rooibos (Aspalathus linearis), white tea (Camellia sinensis var. sinensis), and roasted mate (Ilex paraguariensis). An optimal combination of these species was proposed. This optimized tea inhibited 64% the lipoperoxidation in vitro and presented a high phenolic content, especially kaempferol, (+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, rutin, (-)-epigallocatechin, and (-)-epicatechin-2-O-gallate. Indeed, the antioxidant effect was confirmed by decreasing 30% the reactive oxygen species generation in human hepatoma carcinoma cells (HepG2, 100 and 240 µg/mL)...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Marina Toompuu, Tea Tuomela, Pia Laine, Lars Paulin, Eric Dufour, Howard T Jacobs
RNA 3' polyadenylation is known to serve diverse purposes in biology, in particular, regulating mRNA stability and translation. Here we determined that, upon exposure to high levels of the intercalating agent ethidium bromide (EtBr), greater than those required to suppress mitochondrial transcription, mitochondrial tRNAs in human cells became polyadenylated. Relaxation of the inducing stress led to rapid turnover of the polyadenylated tRNAs. The extent, kinetics and duration of tRNA polyadenylation were EtBr dose-dependent, with mitochondrial tRNAs differentially sensitive to the stress...
March 6, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Alexander J Knowles, Tea-Sung Jun, Ayan Bhowmik, Nicholas G Jones, T Ben Britton, Finn Giuliani, Howard J Stone, David Dye
The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "a new beta titanium alloy system reinforced with superlattice intermetallic precipitates" (Knowles et al., 2018) [1]. This includes data from the as-cast alloy obtained using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) as well as SEM data in the solution heat treated condition. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) selected area diffraction patterns (SADPs) are included from the alloy in the solution heat treated condition, as well as the aged condition that contained < 100 nm B2 TiFe precipitates [1], the latter of which was found to exhibit double diffraction owing to the precipitate and matrix channels being of a similar width to the foil thickness (Williams and Carter, 2009) [2]...
April 2018: Data in Brief
K Bachmann, A Kutter, R S Jud Schefer, N Sigrist
The aim of this study was to determine reference intervals (RI) for venous blood parameters determined with the RAPIDPoint 500 (RP500) blood gas analyzer using blood gas syringes (BGS) and to determine whether immediate analysis of venous blood collected into lithium heparin (LH) tubes can replace anaerobic blood sampling into BGS. The null hypothesis was that canine venous blood samples collected in BGS and in LH tubes are comparable. Jugular blood was collected from 51 healthy dogs into a BGS and a LH tube...
March 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Bunsei Yamamoto, Yusuke Suzuki, Takahisa Yonezu, Nanami Mizushima, Nobuo Watanabe, Takehito Sato, Shigeaki Inoue, Sadaki Inokuchi
Green tea leaves fermented with Aspergillus luchuensis var kawachii kitahara (Cha-Koji) are a health food containing live A. luchuensis. In this study, we examined the effects of Cha-Koji on the immune system and the enteric environment. First, we designed a clinical trial; after ingesting Cha-Koji daily for 28 days, blood parameters and the fecal composition of the participants were analyzed. Similarly, mice were administered (oral administration) with Cha-Koji suspension or its vehicle for 14 days. Thereafter, both humans and mice were examined by analyzing their immune cell phenotypes and intestinal microbiota...
March 2, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Katelyn M Godin, Ashok Chaurasia, David Hammond, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether several food purchasing behaviors (ie, sources of meals or snacks) are associated with adolescents' sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and whether these associations vary by province. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Alberta and Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Secondary school students from Alberta (n = 3,300) and Ontario (n = 37,999) participating in year 2 (2013-2014) of the Cannabis Use, Obesity, Mental Health, Physical Activity, Alcohol Use, Smoking, Sedentary Behavior (COMPASS) study...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
G J Kolling, S C B Stivanin, A M Gabbi, F S Machado, A L Ferreira, M M Campos, T R Tomich, C S Cunha, S W Dill, L G R Pereira, V Fischer
Plant extracts have been proposed as substitutes for chemical feed additives due to their potential as rumen fermentation modifiers and because of their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, possibly reducing methane emissions. This study aimed to evaluate the use of oregano (OR), green tea extracts (GT), and their association as feed additives on the performance and methane emissions from dairy between 28 and 87 d of lactation. Thirty-two lactating dairy cows, blocked into 2 genetic groups: 16 Holstein cows and 16 crossbred Holstein-Gir, with 522...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Li Qian, Wang Xiaoxi, Chen Xuexin, Han Baoyu
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of the Ectropis obliqua (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) was sequenced and compared with other species of Geometridae. The mitochondrial genome of E. obliqua is 15,475 bp long and contains 37 genes including 13 protein coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes and an A + T-rich region. Gene cluster trnI-trnQ-trnM rearranged to trnM-trnI-trnQ comparing with the ancestral mitogenome of insects. All tRNA genes have typical cloverleaf secondary structure except for trnS (AGN)...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Min Pi, Karan Kapoor, Ruisong Ye, Jeremy C Smith, Jerome Baudry, L Darryl Quarles
SCOPE: The molecular mechanisms whereby gallates in green tea exert metabolic effects are poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: We found that GPRC6A, a multi-ligand sensing G-protein coupled receptor that regulates energy metabolism, sex hormone production and prostate cancer progression, is a target for gallates. Sodium gallate,1 gallic acid (GA) > ethyl gallate (EG) > octyl gallate (OG) dose dependently activated ERK in HEK-293 cells transfected with GPRC6A but not in non-transfected controls...
February 21, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Moran Gotesman, Thanh-Trang T Vo, Lee-Or Herzog, Tiffeny Tea, Sharmila Mallya, Sarah K Tasian, Marina Konopleva, David A Fruman
High-risk subtypes of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) include Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) B-ALL driven by the BCR-ABL1 oncogene and a more recently identified subtype known as BCR-ABL -like or Ph-like B-ALL. A hallmark of both Ph+ and Ph-like B-ALL is constitutive activation of tyrosine kinase signaling that is potentially targetable with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). B-ALL cells also receive extracellular signals from the microenvironment that can maintain proliferation and survival following treatment with TKIs...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
Arno Greyling, Thalijn L C Wolters, David M de Bresser, Sean H P P Roerink, Niels P Riksen, Theo P Mulder, Matthew J Rowson, Maria T Hopman, Dick H J Thijssen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Black tea is a main source of flavonoids in the Western diet and has been associated with reduced risk for cardiovascular disease, possibly through lowering blood pressure. These effects may be mediated through improving endothelial function of resistance arteries. The aim of this study was therefore to examine the acute impact of black tea on forearm resistance artery endothelial function in healthy, normotensive middle-aged subjects. METHODS: Twenty middle-aged men and women (age-range 45-75 years) were recruited into a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover intervention study...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Marianna Virtanen, Markus Jokela, Ida Eh Madsen, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Tea Lallukka, Solja T Nyberg, Lars Alfredsson, David Batty, Jakob B Bjorner, Marianne Borritz, Hermann Burr, Nico Dragano, Raimund Erbel, Jane E Ferrie, Katriina Heikkilä, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Eero Lahelma, Martin L Nielsen, Tuula Oksanen, Jan H Pejtersen, Jaana Pentti, Ossi Rahkonen, Reiner Rugulies, Paula Salo, Jürgen Schupp, Martin J Shipley, Johannes Siegrist, Archana Singh-Manoux, Sakari B Suominen, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Gert G Wagner, Jian Li Wang, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Hugo Westerlund, Mika Kivimäki
Objectives This systematic review and meta-analysis combined published study-level data and unpublished individual-participant data with the aim of quantifying the relation between long working hours and the onset of depressive symptoms. Methods We searched PubMed and Embase for published prospective cohort studies and included available cohorts with unpublished individual-participant data. We used a random-effects meta-analysis to calculate summary estimates across studies. Results We identified ten published cohort studies and included unpublished individual-participant data from 18 studies...
February 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
S-P Chan, P Z Yong, Y Sun, R Mahendran, J C M Wong, C Qiu, T-P Ng, E-H Kua, L Feng
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between long-term tea consumption and depressive and anxiety symptoms in community-living elderly. DESIGN: Community based cross-sectional study. SETTING: The Diet and Healthy Aging Study (DaHA), a prospective cohort study in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: 614 elderly aged 60 years and above, who were free of dementia and cognitive impairment. MEASUREMENTS: Information on tea consumption was obtained through interviewer-administered questionnaire...
2018: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
Tingting Zhou, Mengru Zhu, Zhanhua Liang
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the most widely studied catechin in green tea and has been identified to regulate immune function. The objective of the present study was to explore the possible application of EGCG in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) by examining its effects on the peripheral immune system in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)‑induced PD mouse model. The results demonstrated that EGCG treatment restored the movement behavior of the mice impaired by MPTP, and protected tyrosine hydroxylase‑positive cells in the substantia nigra pars compacta region from MPTP toxicity...
January 23, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Richelle E M Senden, Kristin Keunen, Niek E van der Aa, Alexander Leemans, Ivana Isgum, Max A Viergever, Jeroen Dudink, Linda S de Vries, Floris Groenendaal, Manon J N L Benders
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk of cerebellar injury. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of cerebellar hemorrhages (CBH) on cerebral white matter microstructural tissue organization and cerebellar volume at term equivalent age (TEA) in extremely preterm infants. Furthermore, we aimed to evaluate the association between CBH and neurodevelopmental outcome in late infancy. METHODS: 24 preterm infants with punctate CBH were included and each matched to two preterm control infants...
January 23, 2018: Pediatric Research
Theresa A Lawrie, John T Green, Mark Beresford, Linda Wedlake, Sorrel Burden, Susan E Davidson, Simon Lal, Caroline C Henson, H Jervoise N Andreyev
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of people survive cancer but a significant proportion have gastrointestinal side effects as a result of radiotherapy (RT), which impairs their quality of life (QoL). OBJECTIVES: To determine which prophylactic interventions reduce the incidence, severity or both of adverse gastrointestinal effects among adults receiving radiotherapy to treat primary pelvic cancers. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted searches of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase in September 2016 and updated them on 2 November 2017...
January 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jianhua Xie, Wenjie Wang, Caijun Dong, Lixin Huang, Hui Wang, Chang Li, Shaoping Nie, Mingyong Xie
Cyclocarya paliurus (Batal.) Iljinskaja (C. paliurus), known locally as 'sweet tea tree', is commonly cultivated in China. Flavonoids from Cyclocarya paliurus (Batal.) Iljinskaja (FC) is reported to exhibit multiple biological effects, including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic activities. However, their influence on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury remains unclear. This study was designed to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of total flavonoids from C. paliurus leaves...
January 11, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Thuong T T Nguyen, Jueun Kim, Sun Jeong Jeon, Chul Won Lee, Naresh Magan, Hyang Burm Lee
Twenty-four Alternaria strains were isolated from barley grain samples. These strains were screened for the production of mycotoxins on rice medium using thin layer chromatography. All 24 strains produced at least one of the five mycotoxins (ALT, AOH, ATX-I, AME, and TeA). Three representative strains, namely EML-BLDF1-4, EML-BLDF1-14, and EML-BLDF1-18, were further analyzed using a new LC-MS/MS-based mycotoxin quantification method. This method was used to detect and quantify Alternaria mycotoxins. We used positive ion electrospray mass spectrometry with multiple reaction mode (MRM) for the simultaneous quantification of various Alternaria mycotoxins produced by these strains...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
M Xie, R Ren, J M He, X F Xue, T M Li, L Tan, F Lei, X D Tang, L H Yang
Objective: To explore the gender differences of rapid-eye-movement (REM) related obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: Consecutive patients with primary complaint of snoring from Sleep Medicine Center of West China Hospital between January 2016 and November 2016 were included in the study. All participants underwent one night polysomnography (PSG) and Epworth sleep scale (ESS) was estimated. The patients diagnosed with OSAHS were classified as REM related OSAHS (REM-OSAHS group) and non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) related OSAHS (NREM-OSAHS group) based on the PSG parameters...
December 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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