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Clomipramine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066021/clomipramine-clomiphene-and-generic-drug-dispensing-errors
#1
Amar Bavle, Chittaranjan Andrade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066002/management-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-comorbid-with-bipolar-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Firoz Kazhungil, E Mohandas
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most common comorbidities in bipolar disorder (BD). Clinicians often get perplexed in making treatment decisions when encountering comorbid OCD and BD as treatment of OCD by pharmacotherapy may induce or exacerbate mood instability and psychotherapeutic approaches for OCD may not be feasible in acute manic or depressive state of BD. In this study, we reviewed literature, whether existing guideline-based treatments of BD may be effective in OCD and whether newer agents will be of use for treating this comorbidity...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034283/in-silico-studies-revealed-multiple-neurological-targets-for-the-antidepressant-molecule-ursolic-acid
#3
Rajeev K Singla, Luciana Scotti, Ashok K Dubey
BACKGROUND: Ursolic acid, a bioactive pentacyclic triterpenoid had been evaluated for its interaction with the neurological targets associated with antidepressant drugs. Current study was to mechanistically analyze the probable site of action for ursolic acid on the target proteins. METHODS: Ursolic acid has been docked with monoamine oxidase isoforms: MAO-A and MAO-B, LeuT (homologue of SERT, NET, DAT) and Human C-terminal CAP1 using GRIP docking methodology. RESULTS: Results revealed its non-selective antidepressant action with strong binding affinity towards LeuT and MAO-A proteins, which was found to be comparable with the reference ligands like chlorgyline, clomipramine, sertraline and deprenyl / selegiline...
December 29, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997040/clinical-pharmacogenetics-implementation-consortium-guideline-cpic%C3%A2-for-cyp2d6-and-cyp2c19-genotypes-and-dosing-of-tricyclic-antidepressants-2016-update
#4
J Kevin Hicks, Katrin Sangkuhl, Jesse J Swen, Vicki L Ellingrod, Daniel J Müller, Kazutaka Shimoda, Jeffrey R Bishop, Evan D Kharasch, Todd C Skaar, Andrea Gaedigk, Henry M Dunnenberger, Teri E Klein, Kelly E Caudle, Julia C Stingl
CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 polymorphisms affect the exposure, efficacy and safety of tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), with some drugs being affected by CYP2D6 only (e.g., nortriptyline and desipramine) and others by both polymorphic enzymes (e.g., amitriptyline, clomipramine, doxepin, imipramine, and trimipramine). Evidence is presented for CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 genotype-directed dosing of TCAs. This document is an update to the 2012 Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) guideline for CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 Genotypes and Dosing of Tricyclic Antidepressants...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922542/generalization-of-serotonin-and-dopamine-ligands-to-the-discriminative-stimulus-effects-of-different-doses-of-%C3%A2-3-4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine
#5
Jeremy I Webster, David N Harper, Susan Schenk
Studies that have attributed the discriminative stimulus effects of ±3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) to serotonergic mechanisms typically use a relatively low training dose of 1.5 mg/kg. The role of serotonin in the discriminative stimulus effects of higher doses of MDMA is, however, unknown. Separate groups of rats were trained to discriminate MDMA (1.5 or 3.0 mg/kg) from saline using a two-lever, food-reinforced drug-discrimination procedure. Generalization tests were carried out with a range of serotonin and dopamine ligands...
December 2, 2016: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886774/analysis-of-tricyclic-antidepressants-in-human-plasma-using-online-restricted-access-molecularly-imprinted-solid-phase-extraction-followed-by-direct-mass-spectrometry-identification-quantification
#6
Mariane Gonçalves Santos, Isabela Maria Campos Tavares, Adriano Francisco Barbosa, Jefferson Bettini, Eduardo Costa Figueiredo
The use of a new class of hybrid materials, called restricted access molecularly imprinted polymers (RAMIPs) seems to present a good strategy for the sample preparation of complex matrices, since these materials combine good protein elimination capacity with high degree selectivity. Mass spectrometers (MS) have been successfully used for polar drug identification and quantification. In order to combine the advantages of both RAMIPs and mass spectrometry, we proposed a study that joins these properties in a single system, where we could analyse tricyclic antidepressants from human plasma, without offline extraction or chromatographic separation...
January 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866243/monitoring-of-adherence-to-headache-treatments-by-means-of-hair-analysis
#7
Anna Ferrari, Manuela Licata, Cecilia Rustichelli, Carlo Baraldi, Daniele Vandelli, Filippo Marchesi, Federica Palazzoli, Patrizia Verri, Enrico Silingardi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of hair analysis to monitor medication adherence in headache patients undergoing chronic therapy. For this purpose, the following parameters were analyzed: the detection rate of 23 therapeutic drugs in headache patients' hair, the degree of agreement between the self-reported drug and the drug found in hair, and whether the levels found in hair reflected the drug intake reported by the patients. METHODS: The study included 93 patients suffering from primary headaches declaring their daily intake of at least one of the following drugs during the 3 months before the hair sampling: alprazolam, amitriptyline, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, delorazepam, diazepam, duloxetine, fluoxetine, flurazepam, levomepromazine, levosulpiride, lorazepam, lormetazepam, mirtazapine, paroxetine, quetiapine, sertraline, topiramate, trazodone, triazolam, venlafaxine, and zolpidem...
November 20, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800629/the-combination-of-pharmacogenetic-and-pharmacokinetic-analyses-to-optimize-clomipramine-dosing-in-major-depression-a-case-report
#8
Stefania Antoniazzi, Alessandro Tatulli, Felicia S Falvella, Michela Cigliobianco, Riccardo A Paoli, Dario Cattaneo, Stefania Cheli, Francesca F Bernardi, Emilio Clementi, Carlo A Altamura
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Polymorphisms in cytochrome P450 2D6 and 2C19 can lead to interindividual differences in drug plasma concentrations, affecting clomipramine efficacy. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacogenetic analyses may improve drug therapy. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case of a depressed woman requiring higher doses than standard of clomipramine. Identification of low plasma drug levels led to extensive pharmacogenetic analyses of all genes and major functional polymorphisms reported to affect clomipramine metabolism...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797457/graph-theoretical-analysis-insilico-modeling-design-and-synthesis-of-compounds-containing-benzimidazole-skeleton-as-antidepressant-agents
#9
Panneerselvam Theivendren, Arumugam Subramanian, Indhumathy Murugan, Shrinivas D Joshi, Uttam A More
In this study, drug target was identified using KEGG database and network analysis through Cytoscape software. Designed series of novel benzimidazoles were taken along with reference standard Flibanserin for insilico modeling. The novel 4-(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)-N-(substituted phenyl)-4-oxobutanamide (3a-j) analogs were synthesized and evaluated for their antidepressant activity. Reaction of 4-(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid (1) with 4-(1H-benzo [d] imidazol-2-yl)-4-oxobutanoyl chloride (2) furnished novel 4-(1H-benzo [d] imidazol-2-yl)-N-(substituted phenyl)-4-oxobutanamide (3a-j)...
October 31, 2016: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788407/determination-of-clozapine-and-five-antidepressants-in-human-plasma-serum-and-whole-blood-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-a-simple-tool-for-clinical-and-postmortem-toxicological-analysis
#10
Vassiliki A Boumba, George Rallis, Petros Petrikis, Theodore Vougiouklakis, Venetsanos Mavreas
In this study, we describe a simple and rapid method for the determination of the antipsychotic drug clozapine and five commonly co-administered antidepressants - bupropion, mirtazapine, sertraline, clomipramine and citalopram - in serum, plasma and whole blood. Sample preparation includes solid phase extraction of analytes and determination of drug concentrations by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry without any derivatization steps. The method was fully validated according to international criteria and can be successfully applied for routine analyses...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776393/serotonin-syndrome-after-clomipramine-overdose-in-a-child
#11
Meltem Çobanoğulları Direk, Veli Yıldırım, Serkan Güneş, Gülçin Bozlu, Çetin Okuyaz
Serotonin syndrome (SS) is a potentially life-threatening condition associated with increased serotonergic activity in central nervous system and may occur during the use of serotonergic drugs. Although increasing frequency of serotonergic drug use in children, pediatricians, emergency medicine and pediatric intensive care specialists have not enough knowledge and experience about SS that is a potentially life-threatening condition. A 12-year-old girl patient was admitted to our emergency room with the history of involuntary contractions on her extremities and alteration of consciousness...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771722/inhibitory-effects-of-antidepressants-on-acetylcholine-induced-contractions-in-isolated-guinea-pig-urinary-bladder-smooth-muscle
#12
Junji Uno, Keisuke Obara, Hiroko Suzuki, Satomi Miyatani, Daisuke Chino, Takashi Yoshio, Yoshio Tanaka
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the potential inhibitory effects of 18 clinically available antidepressants on acetylcholine (ACh)-induced contractions in guinea pig urinary bladder smooth muscle (UBSM) in order to predict whether they may induce voiding impairment. METHODS: Concentration-response curves for ACh-induced contractions in guinea pig UBSM strips were obtained in the absence or presence of selected antidepressants. When inhibitory effects indicated competitive antagonism, pA2 values against ACh were calculated and compared to plausible antidepressant blood concentrations...
October 22, 2016: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756961/melasma-a-rare-adverse-effect-of-clomipramine
#13
Sujita Kumar Kar
Melasma is a hyperpigmented dermatological condition common in females. Drugs such as steroids, cosmetics, and photosensitizing agents are known to cause melasma. We report here a case of an adult male with obsessive-compulsive disorder, receiving clomipramine, who developed melasma.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686282/electrocardiographic-surveillance-in-a-psychiatric-institution-avoiding-iatrogenic-cardiovascular-death
#14
Cristobal Manuel Rodríguez-Leal, Elena López-Lunar, Jose Manuel Carrascosa-Bernáldez, Rosa Maria Provencio-Arranz
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new initiative developed to optimise patient safety in a mental health setting in order to prevent serious cardiac events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal study of all in-patients admitted at the hospital, comprised of 197 beds distributed among three units, was conducted for 12 months. All admitted patients at the hospital underwent electrocardiogram surveillance, as it was described in our new local guideline for sudden cardiac death prevention...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685775/effects-of-social-stress-and-clomipramine-on-emotional-memory-in-mice
#15
Aranzazu Duque, Concepción Vinader-Caerols, Santiago Monleón
We have previously observed impairing effects of social defeat stress (CSDS) on inhibitory avoidance (IA) in mice. Given the similarity between changes produced by social stress in animals and symptoms of certain human psychopathologies such as depression and anxiety, the effects of the antidepressant clomipramine on IA impairment produced by CSDS were evaluated in the present study. Male CD1 mice were randomly assigned to the groups: non-stressed+saline, non-stressed+clomipramine, stressed+saline and stressed+clomipramine...
2016: Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681341/improved-analytical-approach-based-on-quechers-uhplc-pda-for-quantification-of-fluoxetine-clomipramine-and-their-active-metabolites-in-human-urine-samples
#16
Vera Alves, Carlota Conceição, João Gonçalves, Helena M Teixeira, José S Câmara
This paper reports, for the first time, the development of a modified Quick, Easy, Cheap Effective, Rugged and Safe (QuEChERS) combined with a dispersive SPE (d-SPE) based clean-up procedure as a new and powerful strategy for the simultaneous and efficient isolation of two different antidepressants, fluoxetine and clomipramine, and their active metabolites in human urine samples. A univariate experimental design with four independent variables such as sample volume, extraction solvent, buffered salts and clean-up step, was performed and used to investigate the effect of process variables on the extraction efficiency...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677396/quantitative-pcr-and-unconventional-serological-methods-to-evaluate-clomipramine-treatment-effectiveness-in-experimental-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection
#17
Paola Carolina Bazán, María Silvina Lo Presti, Mariana Strauss, Alejandra Lidia Báez, Noemí Miler, Patricia Adriana Paglini, Héctor Walter Rivarola
Clomipramine (CLO), a tricyclic antidepressant drug, has been used for the treatment of mice infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. In this work we evaluated the effectiveness of CLO treatment upon T. cruzi-infected mice in the chronic phase of the experimental infection using Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and recombinant ELISA. Sixty Swiss albino mice were inoculated with 50 trypomastigote forms of T. cruzi (Tulahuen strain). CLO treatment consisted of 5mg/kg/day during 60days by intraperitoneal injection, beginning on day 90 post infection (p...
September 24, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663940/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-early-treatment-responses-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-clomipramine-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
REVIEW
Anjali L Varigonda, Ewgeni Jakubovski, Michael H Bloch
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a meta-analysis to examine the following: the time course of response to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and clomipramine in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); whether higher doses of SSRIs are associated with an improved response in pediatric OCD; differences in efficacy among SSRI agents; differences in efficacy between SSRIs and clomipramine; and whether the time course and magnitude of response to SSRIs are different in pediatric and adult patients with OCD...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659555/detrimental-effect-of-clomipramine-on-hippocampus-dependent-learning-in-an-animal-model-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-induced-by-sensitization-with-d2-d3-agonist-quinpirole
#19
Hana Hatalova, Dominika Radostova, Adela Pistikova, Karel Vales, Ales Stuchlik
Quinpirole (QNP) sensitization is one of the commonly used animal models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We have previously shown that QNP-sensitized animals display a robust cognitive flexibility deficit in an active place avoidance task with reversal in Carousel maze. This is in line with numerous human studies showing deficits in cognitive flexibility in OCD patients. Here we explored the effect of clomipramine, an effective OCD drug that attenuates compulsive checking in QNP, on sensitized rats in acquisition and reversal performances in an active place avoidance task...
September 19, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644101/serotonin-syndrome-induced-by-a-combination-of-venlafaxine-and-clomipramine-a-case-report
#20
Francisco J Pinel-Ríos, Inmaculada Peñuelas-Calvo, Nuria Cerezo-Ramírez, Omar Hamad-Cueto, Natalia García-Casares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
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