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Valentina Trufanova, Olha Sheshukova, Vadym Davydenko, Tetiana Polishchuk, Sofia Bauman, Vitalina Dobroskok
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Prevention of dental diseases in children is the priority item on the modern dentistry agenda. Among the undeniable factors known as contributing into caries incidence, there is fluoride content in the external environment, especially in drinking water, which is the main source of fluoride intake. The aim: This study is aimed at evaluating dental caries indices in children and adolescents inhabiting in areas with optimal and high-level fluoride concentration in drinking water and assessing their level of oral hygiene...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Olha V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Tetiana V Polishchuk, Kateryna S Kazakova, Sofiya S Bauman, Natalia A Lyakhova, Iryna M Tkachenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Dental caries is still a major health care problem not only in Ukraine but throughout the world. Complicated dental caries currently ranks the leading position among the oral diseases in children. The aim of this study is to carry out a analysis of the epidemiology of dental caries and its complications, and to evaluate the efficiency of the caries treatment for temporary teeth among the children of Poltava oblast over the last decade based on the data of the annual reports...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Gregory J Schilero, William A Bauman, Miroslav Radulovic
In the United States, approximately 17,500 cases of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) occur each year, with an estimated 245,000 to 345,000 individuals living with chronic SCI. Acute management of respiratory dysfunction has resulted in improvement in early survival, but life expectancy remains less than that of the general population, and pulmonary complications are a leading cause of mortality. The global changes in pulmonary function, underlying pathophysiology, and the management options to improve respiratory muscle weakness and pulmonary clearance in persons with SCI are discussed...
June 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
J Schwarzman, A Bauman, B Gabbe, C Rissel, T Shilton, B J Smith
Program evaluation is essential to inform decision making, contribute to the evidence base for strategies, and facilitate learning in health promotion and disease prevention organizations. Theoretical frameworks of organizational learning, and studies of evaluation capacity building describe the organization as central to evaluation capacity. Australian prevention organizations recognize limitations to current evaluation effectiveness and are seeking guidance to build evaluation capacity. This qualitative study identifies organizational facilitators and barriers to evaluation practice, and explores their interactions in Australian prevention organizations...
May 9, 2018: Health Education Research
Kathleen M Nemer, Tyler M Bauman, Alan S Boyd
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignancy in the United States and is more prevalent in older populations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate BCC risk factors in male patients younger than 40 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of male patients with pathology-proven BCC and younger than 40 years at time of diagnosis were retrospectively identified along with matched controls. Phone interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire, and differences between patients with and without BCC were investigated...
May 9, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Vyacheslav S Zharinov, Xavier D A Baumans, Alejandro V Silhanek, Ewald Janssens, Joris Van de Vondel
Electromigration has evolved from an important cause of failure in electronic devices to an appealing method, capable of modifying the material properties and geometry of nanodevices. Although this technique has been successfully used by researchers to investigate low dimensional systems and nanoscale objects, its low controllability remains a serious limitation. This is in part due to the inherent stochastic nature of the process, but also due to the inappropriate identification of the relevant control parameters...
April 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
Elina Leonova, Evita Rostoka, Sylvie Sauvaigo, Larisa Baumane, Turs Selga, Nikolajs Sjakste
Background: 1,4-dihydropyridines (1,4-DHP) possesses important biochemical and pharmacological properties, including antioxidant and antimutagenic activities. It was shown that the antimutagenic 1,4-dihydropyridine AV-153-Na interacts with DNA. The aim of the current study was to test the capability of the compound to scavenge peroxynitrite and hydroxyl radical, to test intracellular distribution of the compound, and to assess the ability of the compound to modify the activity of DNA repair enzymes and to protect the DNA in living cells against peroxynitrite-induced damage...
2018: PeerJ
Nicola Straiton, Muaddi Alharbi, Adrian Bauman, Lis Neubeck, Janice Gullick, Ravinay Bhindi, Robyn Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: To understand the validity and reliability of consumer-grade activity trackers (consumer wearables) in older, community-dwelling adults. METHODS: A systematic review of studies involving adults aged over 65 years who underwent physical activity monitoring with consumer wearables. A total of 7 observational studies qualified, identified from electronic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and others (2014-2018). Validity was interpreted using correlation coefficients (CC) and percentage error for agreement between reference devices or gold-standard validation methods Reliability was compared using mean differences or ranges (under- or overestimation) of step count and activity time...
June 2018: Maturitas
E Bauman, P L Granja, C C Barrias
Two decades after the first report on endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), their key role in postnatal vasculogenesis and vascular repair is well established. The therapeutic potential of EPC and their growing use in clinical trials calls for the development of more robust, reproducible and safer methods for the in vitro expansion and maintenance of these cells. Despite many limitations associated with its usage, fetal bovine serum (FBS) is still widely applied as a cell culture supplement. While different approaches aiming at establishing FBS-free culture have been developed for many cell types, adequate solutions for endothelial cells, and for EPC in particular, are still scarce, possibly due to the multiple challenges that have to be faced when culturing these cells...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Ashley L Russell, M Riley Richardson, Bradly M Bauman, Ian M Hernandez, Samantha Saperstein, Robert J Handa, T John Wu
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects 10 million people world-wide, annually. TBI is linked to increased risk of psychiatric disorders. TBI induced by explosive devices has a unique phenotype. Over 1/3 of people exposed to blast-induced (b)TBI have prolonged neuroendocrine deficits, shown by anterior pituitary dysfunction. Dysregulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is linked to increased risk for psychiatric disorders. Not only is there limited information on how the HPA axis responds to mild (m)bTBI, sex differences are understudied...
April 25, 2018: Endocrinology
Josephine Y Chau, Bronwyn McGill, Margaret M Thomas, Tom E Carroll, William Bellew, Adrian Bauman, Anne C Grunseit
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Social marketing (SM) campaigns can be a powerful disease prevention and health promotion strategy but health-related campaigns may simply focus on the "promotions" communication activities and exclude other key characteristics of the SM approach. This paper describes the application of a checklist for identifying which lifestyle-related chronic disease prevention campaigns reported as SM actually represent key SM principles and practice. METHODS: A checklist of SM criteria was developed, reviewed and refined by SM and mass media campaign experts...
April 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Bronwyn McGill, Blythe J O'Hara, Adrian Bauman, Anne C Grunseit, Philayrath Phongsavan
OBJECTIVE: To identify the behavioral economics (BE) conceptual underpinnings of lifestyle financial incentive (FI) interventions. DATA SOURCE: A mapping review of peer-reviewed literature was conducted by searching electronic databases. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Inclusion criteria were real-world FI interventions explicitly mentioning BE, targeting individuals, or populations with lifestyle-related behavioral outcomes. Exclusion criteria were hypothetical studies, health professional focus, clinically oriented interventions...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Emily M Beck, Tyler M Bauman, Ilana S Rosman
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare the sensitivity and specificity of two different caldesmon antibodies in differentiating leiomyosarcoma from other cutaneous spindle cell neoplasms. METHODS: Representative cutaneous spindle cell neoplasms were identified, including leiomyosarcoma, atypical fibroxanthoma, dermatomyofibroma, and spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemistry was performed with antibodies directed towards caldesmon, smooth-muscle actin (SMA), and desmin...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Jenny E Blau, Viviana Bauman, Ellen M Conway, Paolo Piaggi, Mary F Walter, Elizabeth C Wright, Shanna Bernstein, Amber B Courville, Michael T Collins, Kristina I Rother, Simeon I Taylor
BACKGROUND: Sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are the most recently approved class of drugs for type 2 diabetes and provide both glycemic efficacy and cardiovascular risk reduction. A number of safety issues have been identified, including treatment-emergent bone fractures. To understand the overall clinical profile, these safety issues must be balanced against an attractive efficacy profile. Our study was designed to investigate pathophysiological mechanisms mediating treatment-emergent adverse effects on bone health...
April 19, 2018: JCI Insight
Jerry L Bauman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
Jennifer Norman, Bridget Kelly, Anne-T McMahon, Emma Boyland, Louise A Baur, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Clare Hughes, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Policies restricting children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing have been impeded by the lack of evidence showing a direct link between food advertising exposure and children's energy intake and body weight. Food advertising exposure increases children's immediate food consumption, but whether this increased intake is compensated for at later eating occasions is not known; consequently the sustained effect on diets remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a within-subject, randomised, crossover, counterbalanced study across four, six-day holiday camps in New South Wales, Australia between April 2016 and January 2017...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Anne Loyen, Tien Chey, Lina Engelen, Adrian Bauman, Jeroen Lakerveld, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Johannes Brug, Josephine Y Chau
This study aimed to explore the trend in population levels, as well as the correlates, of occupational and leisure sitting time in full-time employed Australian adults between 2007 and 2015. We used data from the 2007/08, 2011/12 and 2014/15 Australian Health Surveys, in which nationally representative samples of the Australian population were interviewed. Full-time (≥35 hours/week) employed respondents reported sitting time at work and during leisure on a usual workday. Trends over time and associations between socio-demographic and health-related characteristics and sitting time were analysed in the combined dataset using multivariable logistic regression models...
2018: PloS One
Eliza L Gordon, Aviva H Ariel-Donges, Viviana Bauman, Lisa J Merlo
The diagnostic construct of "food addiction" is a highly controversial subject. The current systematic review is the first to evaluate empirical studies examining the construct of "food addiction" in humans and animals. Studies were included if they were quantitative, peer-reviewed, and in the English language. The 52 identified studies (35 articles) were qualitatively assessed to determine the extent to which their findings indicated the following addiction characteristics in relation to food: brain reward dysfunction, preoccupation, risky use, impaired control, tolerance/withdrawal, social impairment, chronicity, and relapse...
April 12, 2018: Nutrients
James Kite, Joanne Gale, Anne Grunseit, William Bellew, Vincy Li, Beverley Lloyd, Michelle Maxwell, John Vineburg, Adrian Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the first phase of the Make Healthy Normal mass media campaign on NSW adults' active living and healthy eating knowledge, attitudes, intentions and behaviour. METHODS: Cohort design with NSW adults, followed up three times over 12 months, with n=939 participants completing all three waves. We used generalised linear mixed models to examine campaign awareness, knowledge, attitudes, intentions and behaviours over time. RESULTS: Campaign recognition built to a reasonable level (45% at Wave 3), although unprompted recall was low (9% at Wave 3)...
April 12, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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