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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922263/prospective-side-by-side-comparison-of-outcomes-and-complications-with-a-simple-versus-intensive-anticoagulation-monitoring-strategy-in-pediatric-extracorporeal-life-support-patients
#1
Jane S Yu, Ryan P Barbaro, Donald A Granoski, Mary E Bauman, M Patricia Massicotte, Laurance L Lequier, Gail M Annich, Lindsay M Ryerson
OBJECTIVES: A continuous infusion of unfractionated heparin is the most common anticoagulant used for pediatric patients on extracorporeal life support. The objective of this study was to compare extracorporeal life support complications and outcomes between two large-volume pediatric extracorporeal life support centers that use different anticoagulation strategies. DESIGN: Prospective, observational cohort study. SETTING: The University of Michigan used simple anticoagulation monitoring, whereas the University of Alberta used an intensive anticoagulation monitoring strategy...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916507/cardiac-patients-experiences-and-perceptions-of-social-media-mixed-methods-study
#2
Stephanie R Partridge, Anne C Grunseit, Patrick Gallagher, Becky Freeman, Blythe J O'Hara, Lis Neubeck, Sarah Due, Glenn Paull, Ding Ding, Adrian Bauman, Philayrath Phongsavan, Kellie Roach, Leonie Sadler, Helen Glinatsis, Robyn Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Traditional in-person cardiac rehabilitation has substantial benefits for cardiac patients, which are offset by poor attendance. The rapid increase in social media use in older adults provides an opportunity to reach patients who are eligible for cardiac rehabilitation but unable to attend traditional face-to-face groups. However, there is a paucity of research on cardiac patients' experiences and perspectives on using social media to support their health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe cardiac rehabilitation patients' experiences in using social media in general and their perspective on using social media, particularly Facebook, to support their cardiac health and secondary prevention efforts...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892386/double-mutated-5-enol-pyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate-synthase-protein-expressed-in-mzhg0jg-corn-zea-mays-l-has-no-impact-on-toxicological-safety-and-nutritional-composition
#3
Bethany Matthews, Karen L Launis, Patricia A Bauman, Nicole C Juba
MZHG0JG corn will offer growers the flexibility to alternate between herbicides with two different modes of action in their weed-management programs, helping to mitigate and manage the evolution of herbicide resistance in weed populations. The proteins conferring herbicide tolerence in MZHG0JG corn, double-mutated 5-enol pyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase protein (mEPSPS) and phosphinothricin acetyltransferase (PAT), as well as the MZHG0JG corn event, have been assessed by regulatory authorities globally and have been determined to be safe for humans, animals, and the environment...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888443/flow-properties-and-chemical-composition-of-carob-ceratonia-siliqua-l-flours-as-related-to-particle-size-and-seed-presence
#4
Maja Benković, Ana Belščak-Cvitanović, Ingrid Bauman, Draženka Komes, Siniša Srečec
Due to abundance in carbohydrates, dietary fibres and bioactive compounds, as well as for its outspread and low prices, carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) flour has a great potential of use as a functional ingredient. The aim of this study was to analyse this potential by physical and chemical properties assessment of different particle sizes of carob flour with and without seeds. The influence of seed presence on physical and chemical properties of flour was also investigated. Seed presence in carob flour led to higher cohesivity and cake strength...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883125/defining-optimal-brain-health-in-adults-a-presidential-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#5
REVIEW
Philip B Gorelick, Karen L Furie, Costantino Iadecola, Eric E Smith, Salina P Waddy, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Hee-Joon Bae, Mary Ann Bauman, Martin Dichgans, Pamela W Duncan, Meighan Girgus, Virginia J Howard, Ronald M Lazar, Sudha Seshadri, Fernando D Testai, Stephen van Gaal, Kristine Yaffe, Hank Wasiak, Charlotte Zerna
Cognitive function is an important component of aging and predicts quality of life, functional independence, and risk of institutionalization. Advances in our understanding of the role of cardiovascular risks have shown them to be closely associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. Because many cardiovascular risks are modifiable, it may be possible to maintain brain health and to prevent dementia in later life. The purpose of this American Heart Association (AHA)/American Stroke Association presidential advisory is to provide an initial definition of optimal brain health in adults and guidance on how to maintain brain health...
September 7, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876473/sydney-playground-project-a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-increase-physical-activity-play-and-social-skills
#6
Anita Bundy, Lina Engelen, Shirley Wyver, Paul Tranter, Jo Ragen, Adrian Bauman, Louise Baur, Wendy Schiller, Judy M Simpson, Anita N Niehues, Gabrielle Perry, Glenda Jessup, Geraldine Naughton
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effectiveness of a simple intervention for increasing children's physical activity, play, perceived competence/social acceptance, and social skills. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted, in which schools were the clusters. Twelve Sydney (Australia) primary schools were randomly allocated to intervention or control conditions, with 226 children (5-7 years old) selected randomly to participate. Data were collected at baseline and after 13 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843034/changing-psychosocial-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-diet-in-women-with-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Judith G M Jelsma, Mireille N M van Poppel, Ben J Smith, Nancy Cinnadaio, Adrian Bauman, Linda Tapsell, N Wah Cheung, Hidde P van der Ploeg
AIM: To investigate how a behavioural lifestyle intervention influences psychosocial determinants of physical activity and dietary behaviours in a population at risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: 59 women with a body mass index of ≥25 kg/m(2) and a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) participated in a randomized controlled study. The intervention group (n=29) received two face-to-face and five telephone lifestyle-counselling sessions with a health professional...
August 26, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837506/coagulopathy-in-children-with-liver-disease
#8
Patricia Sachi Kawada, Aisha Bruce, Patti Massicotte, Mary Bauman, Jason Yap
It was thought that a high International Normalized Ratio (INR) predicted bleeding in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) and patients were 'autoanticoagulated'. Contrary to this belief, while patients with CLD experienced bleeding, they also developed thromboses. In the last decade, the prevailing literature challenged the idea that an elevated INR increased bleeding risk. The global assays of coagulation such as: thromboelastography (TEG)/rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) and thrombin generation assays (TGA) provide additional insight into coagulation processes...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834772/primary-analysis-of-the-mandarin-speaking-sub-study-within-the-sydney-diabetes-prevention-program
#9
Cecilia Y Taing, Alice A Gibson, Stephen Colagiuri, Philip Vita, Magnolia Cardona-Morrell, Adrian Bauman, Michael Moore, Mandy Williams, Andrew Milat, Jacky Hony, Sophia Lin, Melissa Gwizd, Maria A Fiatarone Singh
AIM: There is strong and consistent evidence from large scale randomised controlled trials that type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed through lifestyle modification which improves diet quality, increases physical activity and achieves weight loss in people at risk. Worldwide, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing in individuals of Chinese descent. Culturally tailored programs are required to address the risk in the Chinese population. This paper analyses effectiveness of a culturally tailored community-based lifestyle modification program (Sydney Diabetes Prevention Program (SDPP)) targeting Mandarin speakers...
August 7, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827630/macroalgal-browsing-on-a-heavily-degraded-urbanized-equatorial-reef-system
#10
Andrew G Bauman, Andrew S Hoey, Glenn Dunshea, David A Feary, Jeffrey Low, Peter A Todd
The removal of macroalgal biomass is critical to the health of coral reef ecosystems. Previous studies on relatively intact reefs with diverse and abundant fish communities have quantified rapid removal of macroalgae by herbivorous fishes, yet how these findings relate to degraded reef systems where fish diversity and abundance are markedly lower and algal biomass substantially higher, is unclear. We surveyed roving herbivorous fish communities and quantified their capacity to remove the dominant macroalga Sargassum ilicifolium on seven reefs in Singapore; a heavily degraded urbanized reef system...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821544/when-the-damage-is-done-selecting-patients-for-head-and-neck-cancer-chemoprevention-trials
#11
EDITORIAL
Daniel E Johnson, Julie E Bauman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809753/an-occult-ectopic-parathyroid-adenoma-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report-and-management-algorithm
#12
Brent D Bauman, Maria Evasovich, Amanda Louiselle, Eugene Zheng, Kevin Goodwin, Miroslav Sekulic, Faqian Li, Raphael Andrade, Bradley J Segura
BACKGROUND: Hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is a rare disease in the pediatric population, and optimal management may be unclear if it is due to an occult parathyroid adenoma. We present a case report of a pediatric patient with an occult, ectopic, supernumerary, parathyroid adenoma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old female who initially presented with anxiety was diagnosed with HPT. Preoperative imaging and bilateral neck exploration with four-gland biopsy were negative for any parathyroid adenoma...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795207/a-prospective-study-of-7-year-experience-using-percutaneous-14-french-pigtail-catheters-for-traumatic-hemothorax-hemopneumothorax-at-a-level-1-trauma-center-size-still-does-not-matter
#13
Zachary M Bauman, Narong Kulvatunyou, Bellal Joseph, Arpana Jain, Randall S Friese, Lynn Gries, Terence O'Keeffe, Andy L Tang, Gary Vercruysse, Peter Rhee
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of 14-French (14F) pigtail catheters (PCs) compared to 32-40F chest tubes (CTs) in patients with traumatic hemothorax (HTX) and hemopneumothorax (HPTX) is becoming more well known but still lacking. The aim of our study was to analyze our cumulative experience and outcomes with PCs in patients with traumatic HTX/HPTX. We hypothesized that PCs would be as effective as CTs. METHODS: Using our PC database, we analyzed all trauma patients who required chest drainage for HTX/HPTX from 2008 to 2014...
August 9, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776834/overt-and-relational-aggression-participant-role-behavior-measurement-and-relations-with-sociometric-status-and-depression
#14
Deborah M Casper, Noel A Card, Sheri Bauman, Russell B Toomey
This study is the first to measure participant role behavior across overt and relational forms of aggression. The Overt and Relational Aggression Participant Role Behavior Scales were designed to measure aggression, assisting, reinforcing, defending, victimization, and outsider behavior during acts of peer aggression in an ethnically diverse sample of 609 adolescents (M age = 12 years). The data fit the hypothesized 12-factor model, and measurement invariance was established across gender. Relational victimization, but not overt victimization, was positively associated with all other relational aggression roles...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775393/plasma-concentrations-of-sucralose-in-children-and-adults
#15
Allison C Sylvetsky, Viviana Bauman, Jenny E Blau, H Martin Garraffo, Peter J Walter, Kristina I Rother
Sucralose is partially absorbed after oral ingestion, with the majority excreted in the feces. We aimed to measure plasma sucralose concentrations following ingestion of doses reflecting a range of consumption (from one can of diet soda up to multiple sodas over the course of a day) and to compare concentrations in children and adults. Eleven adults (7 females, 4 males) consumed 355 mL water containing 0 mg sucralose (control) or 68, 170, or 250 mg sucralose (equivalent to 1-4 diet sodas). A second group of adults (n=11, 6 females and 5 males) consumed 355 mL Diet Rite Cola™ (68 mg sucralose and 41 mg acesulfame-potassium (ace-K)) or 68 mg sucralose and 41 mg ace-K in seltzer...
2017: Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774750/advances-in-nonhuman-primate-models-of-autism-integrating-neuroscience-and-behavior
#16
REVIEW
M D Bauman, C S Schumann
Given the prevalence and societal impact of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), there is an urgent need to develop innovative preventative strategies and treatments to reduce the alarming number of cases and improve core symptoms for afflicted individuals. Translational efforts between clinical and preclinical research are needed to (i) identify and evaluate putative causes of ASD, (ii) determine the underlying neurobiological mechanisms, (iii) develop and test novel therapeutic approaches and (iv) ultimately translate basic research into safe and effective clinical practices...
July 31, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771079/socio-demographic-moderators-of-environment-physical-activity-associations-results-from-the-international-prevalence-study
#17
Lilian G Perez, Terry L Conway, Adrian Bauman, Jacqueline Kerr, John P Elder, Elva M Arredondo, Jim F Sallis
BACKGROUND: Associations between the built environment and physical activity (PA) may vary by socio-demographic factors. However, such evidence from international studies is limited. This study tested moderating effects of socio-demographic factors on associations between perceived environment and self-report total PA among adults from the International Prevalence Study. METHODS: Between 2002-2003, adults from nine countries (N=10,258) completed surveys assessing total PA (IPAQ-short), perceived environment, and socio-demographics (age, gender, and education)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764882/accuracy-and-variability-of-high-dose-rate-prostate-brachytherapy-needle-tip-localization-using-live-two-dimensional-and-sagittally-reconstructed-three-dimensional-ultrasound
#18
William Thomas Hrinivich, Douglas A Hoover, Kathleen Surry, Chandima Edirisinghe, Vikram Velker, Glenn Bauman, David D'Souza, Aaron Fenster, Eugene Wong
PURPOSE: To measure the accuracy and variability of manual high-dose-rate (HDR) prostate brachytherapy (BT) needle tip localization using sagittally reconstructed three-dimensional (3D) transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) augmented with live two-dimensional (2D) sagittal TRUS. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ten prostate cancer patients underwent HDR-BT during which the sagittally assisted sagittally reconstructed (SASR) segmentation technique was completed in parallel with commercially available sagittally assisted axially reconstructed (SAAR) TRUS for comparison...
July 29, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764785/pathways-for-scaling-up-public-health-interventions
#19
Devon Indig, Karen Lee, Anne Grunseit, Andrew Milat, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: To achieve population-wide health improvement, public health interventions found effective in selected samples need to be 'scaled up' and implemented more widely. The pathways through which interventions are scaled up are not well characterised. The aim of this paper is to identify examples of public health interventions which have been scaled up and to develop a conceptual framework which quantifies and describes this process. METHODS: A multi-stage international literature search was undertaken to identify examples of public health interventions in high income countries that have been scaled up or implemented at scale...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753806/-68-ga-labeled-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-ligand-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-for-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Finn E von Eyben, Maria Picchio, Rie von Eyben, Handoo Rhee, Glenn Bauman
CONTEXT: (68)Gallium prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligand (68)Ga-HBED-CC-PSMA ((68)Ga-PSMA) is a promising radiotracer for positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) of prostate cancer. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate detection rate, diagnostic test accuracy, and adverse effects of (68)Ga-PSMA PET/CT or PET/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for staging of prostate cancer and for restaging of rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) after initial treatment...
November 15, 2016: European Urology Focus
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