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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228961/concurrent-van-der-woude-syndrome-and-turner-syndrome-a-case-report
#1
Evan Los, Hayley Baines, Ines Guttmann-Bauman
Most cases of Van der Woude syndrome are caused by a mutation to interferon regulatory factor 6 on chromosome 1. Turner syndrome is caused by complete or partial absence of the second sex chromosome in girls. We describe a unique case of the two syndromes occurring concurrently though apparently independently in a girl with Van der Woude syndrome diagnosed at birth and Turner syndrome at 14 years 9 months. Short stature was initially misattributed to Van der Woude syndrome and pituitary insufficiency associated with clefts before correctly diagnosing Turner syndrome...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223189/the-unrealised-potential-of-bike-share-schemes-to-influence-population-physical-activity-levels-a-narrative-review
#2
Adrian Bauman, Melanie Crane, Bradley Alan Drayton, Sylvia Titze
The recent proliferation of bike share schemes (BSS, also known as public bicycle use programs) in many cities has focused attention on their potential for reducing motorised traffic congestion, improving air quality and reducing car use. Since 2005, hundreds of bike share schemes have been implemented in many cities, with bike share usage patterns monitored in many of them. This paper assesses the development of BSS and provides a rationale for their potential health benefits. The key research question, as yet unanswered, is whether BSS themselves can contribute to improving population health, particularly through increasing population cycling, which would increase population levels of health-enhancing physical activity...
February 18, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220820/testicular-responses-to-hcg-stimulation-at-varying-doses-in-men-with-spinal-cord-injury
#3
W A Bauman, M F La Fountaine, C M Cirnigliaro, S C Kirshblum, A M Spungen
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective. OBJECTIVES: To test whether provocative stimulation of the testes identifies men with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI), a population in which serum testosterone concentrations are often depressed, possibly due to gonadal dysfunction. To accomplish this objective, conventional and lower than the conventional doses of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) were administered. METHODS: Thirty men with chronic SCI (duration of injury >1 year; 18 and 65 years old; 16 eugonadal (>12...
February 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211834/is-active-design-changing-the-workplace-a-natural-pre-post-experiment-looking-at-health-behaviour-and-workplace-perceptions
#4
Lina Engelen, Josephine Chau, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Sarah Young, Dominique Hespe, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Active Design is a relatively new concept and evaluation on its effects on healthy behaviour is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Active Design influence on workplace physical activity, sedentary behaviour, musculoskeletal complaints, and perceptions of the workplace and productivity. METHODS: Participants (n = 118 adults) moving from 14 workplaces into a new building completed an online questionnaire pre- and post-move. The questions related to health behaviours (physical activity, sitting time and sleep); musculoskeletal issues; perceptions of the office environment; productivity; and engagement...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180056/patterns-and-predictors-of-sitting-time-over-ten-years-in-a-large-population-based-canadian-sample-findings-from-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study-camos
#5
Klaus Gebel, Sarah Pont, Ding Ding, Adrian E Bauman, Josephine Y Chau, Claudie Berger, Jerilynn C Prior
Our objective was to describe patterns and predictors of sedentary behavior (sitting time) over 10 years among a large Canadian cohort. Data are from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study, a prospective study of women and men randomly selected from the general population. Respondents reported socio-demographics, lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes in interviewer-administered questionnaires; weight and height were measured. Baseline data were collected between 1995 and 1997 (n = 9418; participation rate = 42%), and at 5- (n = 7648) and 10-year follow-ups (n = 5567)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179259/the-associations-between-participation-in-certain-sports-and-lower-mortality-are-not-explained-by-affluence-and-other-socioeconomic-factors
#6
EDITORIAL
Emmanuel Stamatakis, Paul Kelly, Sylvia Titze, Zeljko Pedisic, Adrian Bauman, Charlie Foster, Mark Hamer, Melvyn Hillsdon, Pekka Oja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178990/review-of-behaviour-change-interventions-to-reduce-population-salt-intake
#7
REVIEW
Kathy Trieu, Emma McMahon, Joseph Alvin Santos, Adrian Bauman, Kellie-Ann Jolly, Bruce Bolam, Jacqui Webster
BACKGROUND: Excess salt intake is a major cause of raised blood pressure-the leading risk factor for death and disability worldwide. Although behaviour change interventions such as awareness campaigns and health education programs are implemented to reduce salt intake, their effectiveness is unclear. This global systematic review investigates the impact of population-level behaviour change interventions that aim to reduce salt intake. METHODS: A search for published and grey literature was conducted using PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, Sage, Scopus, OpenGrey, Google Scholar and other relevant organizations' websites...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168186/the-impact-of-central-venous-catheters-on-pediatric-venous-thromboembolism
#8
REVIEW
Julie Jaffray, Mary Bauman, Patti Massicotte
The use of central venous catheters (CVCs) in children is escalating, which is likely linked to the increased incidence of pediatric venous thromboembolism (VTE). In order to better understand the specific risk factors associated with CVC-VTE in children, as well as available prevention methods, a literature review was performed. The overall incidence of CVC-VTE was found to range from 0 to 74%, depending on the patient population, CVC type, imaging modality, and study design. Throughout the available literature, there was not a consistent determination regarding whether a particular type of central line (tunneled vs...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161032/does-early-blindness-significantly-enhance-arithmetic-a-statistical-comment-of-a-paper-by-dormal-crollen-baumans-lepore-and-collignon-2016
#9
Jean-Paul Fischer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139754/intranasal-delivery-of-a-novel-amnion-cell-secretome-prevents-neuronal-damage-and-preserves-function-in-a-mouse-multiple-sclerosis-model
#10
Reas S Khan, Kimberly Dine, Bailey Bauman, Michael Lorentsen, Lisa Lin, Helayna Brown, Leah R Hanson, Aleta L Svitak, Howard Wessel, Larry Brown, Kenneth S Shindler
The ability of a novel intranasally delivered amnion cell derived biologic to suppress inflammation, prevent neuronal damage and preserve neurologic function in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis animal model of multiple sclerosis was assessed. Currently, there are no existing optic nerve treatment methods for disease or trauma that result in permanent vision loss. Demyelinating optic nerve inflammation, termed optic neuritis, induces permanent visual dysfunction due to retinal ganglion cell damage in multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis...
January 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137374/maternal-immune-activation-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-from-rodents-to-nonhuman-and-human-primates
#11
REVIEW
Milo Careaga, Takeshi Murai, Melissa D Bauman
A subset of women who are exposed to infection during pregnancy have an increased risk of giving birth to a child who will later be diagnosed with a neurodevelopmental or neuropsychiatric disorder. Although epidemiology studies have primarily focused on the association between maternal infection and an increased risk of offspring schizophrenia, mounting evidence indicates that maternal infection may also increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder. A number of factors, including genetic susceptibility, the intensity and timing of the infection, and exposure to additional aversive postnatal events, may influence the extent to which maternal infection alters fetal brain development and which disease phenotype (autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, other neurodevelopmental disorders) is expressed...
March 1, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134244/bacillus-subtilis-biofilm-extends-caenorhabditis-elegans-longevity-through-downregulation-of-the-insulin-like-signalling-pathway
#12
Verónica Donato, Facundo Rodríguez Ayala, Sebastián Cogliati, Carlos Bauman, Juan Gabriel Costa, Cecilia Leñini, Roberto Grau
Beneficial bacteria have been shown to affect host longevity, but the molecular mechanisms mediating such effects remain largely unclear. Here we show that formation of Bacillus subtilis biofilms increases Caenorhabditis elegans lifespan. Biofilm-proficient B. subtilis colonizes the C. elegans gut and extends worm lifespan more than biofilm-deficient isogenic strains. Two molecules produced by B. subtilis - the quorum-sensing pentapeptide CSF and nitric oxide (NO) - are sufficient to extend C. elegans longevity...
January 30, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126584/obesity-physical-activity-and-cancer-risks-results-from-the-cancer-lifestyle-and-evaluation-of-risk-study-clear
#13
Carlos Nunez, Adrian Bauman, Sam Egger, Freddy Sitas, Visalini Nair-Shalliker
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) has been associated with lower risk of cardiovascular diseases, but the evidence linking PA with lower cancer risk is inconclusive. We examined the independent and interactive effects of PA and obesity using body mass index (BMI) as a proxy for obesity, on the risk of developing prostate (PC), postmenopausal breast (BC), colorectal (CRC), ovarian (OC) and uterine (UC) cancers. METHODS: We estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for cancer specific confounders, in 6831 self-reported cancer cases and 1992 self-reported cancer-free controls from the Cancer Lifestyle and Evaluation of Risk Study, using unconditional logistic regression...
January 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126476/optimization-of-brain-metastases-radiotherapy-with-tomohda
#14
Slav Yartsev, Glenn Bauman
An upgrade of the helical tomotherapy technology by introducing variable fan-field width (dynamic jaws) reduced the penumbra in superior-inferior direction for the target. Possible implementation of this upgrade even for the cases of the targets with different dose prescriptions is proposed. An example of brain metastasis in proximity to the optical apparatus in need of the whole brain irradiation of 30 Gy and higher dose to the lesion is considered.
January 23, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122625/patterns-of-sitting-and-mortality-in-the-nord-tr%C3%A3-ndelag-health-study-hunt
#15
Anne C Grunseit, Josephine Y Chau, Vegar Rangul, Turid Lingaas Holmen, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Current evidence concerning sedentary behaviour and mortality risk has used single time point assessments of sitting. Little is known about how changes in sitting levels over time affect subsequent mortality risk. AIM: To examine the associations between patterns of sitting time assessed at two time points 11 years apart and risk of all-cause and cardio-metabolic disease mortality. METHODS: Participants were 25,651 adults aged > =20 years old from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study with self-reported total sitting time in 1995-1997 (HUNT2) and 2006-2008 (HUNT3)...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116773/the-use-of-smartphone-health-apps-and-other-mobile-health-mhealth-technologies-in-dietetic-practice-a-three-country-study
#16
J Chen, J Lieffers, A Bauman, R Hanning, M Allman-Farinelli
BACKGROUND: Smartphone health applications (apps) and other mobile health (mHealth) technologies may assist dietitians in improving the efficiency of patient care. The present study investigated the use of health apps and text messaging in dietetic practice and formulated intervention recommendations for supporting app uptake by dietitians based on the behavioural 'COM-B' system, where interactions between capability, opportunity and motivation influence behaviour. METHODS: A 52-item online survey tool, taking 20 min to complete, was developed and piloted, with questions exploring the use of health apps and text messaging in dietetic practice, types of apps dietitians recommended and that patients used, and barriers and enablers to app use in dietetic practice...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115900/assessment-of-drying-characteristics-and-texture-in-%C3%A2-relation-with-micromorphological-traits-of-carob-%C3%A2-ceratonia-silliqua-l-pods-and-seeds
#17
Maja Benković, Siniša Srečec, Ingrid Bauman, Damir Ježek, Sven Karlović, Dario Kremer, Ksenija Karlović, Renata Erhatić
Carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) is a perennial leguminous evergreen tree native to the coastal regions of the Mediterranean basin and is considered to be an important component of vegetation for economic and environmental reasons. Two constituents of the pod, pulp and seeds, can be used as feed or in food production. In this study, drying characteristics, texture and microstructure of carob pods were studied. Three different carob samples were prepared: whole carob pod, carob pod parts and carob seed. The drying experiments and the modelling showed that carob seeds had the highest drying rate, followed by pod parts and the whole, intact carob fruit...
December 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110644/a-snapshot-of-physical-activity-programs-targeting-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-in-australia
#18
Rona Macniven, Michelle Elwell, Kathy Ride, Adrian Bauman, Justin Richards
Issue addressed: Participation in physical activity programs can be an effective strategy to reduce chronic disease risk factors and improve broader social outcomes. Health and social outcomes are worse among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders than non-Indigenous Australians, who represent an important group for culturally specific programs. The extent of current practice in physical activity programs is largely unknown. This study identifies such programs targeting this population group and describes their characteristics...
January 19, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109544/cost-effectiveness-of-prophylactic-cranial-irradiation-with-hippocampal-avoidance-in-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Xuanlu M Qu, Mark V Mishra, Glenn S Bauman, Ben Slotman, Minesh Mehta, Vinai Gondi, Alexander V Louie
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) prevents brain metastases and improves survival, with the potential for neurocognitive toxicity. RTOG0933 demonstrated that hippocampal avoidance (HA) during whole brain radiotherapy preserves neurocognition. This study's objective was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of HA-PCI in LS-SCLC through decision analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Markov model was developed to simulate the clinical course of LS-SCLC who received HA-PCI or conventional PCI (C-PCI)...
January 18, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092727/sitting-ducks-face-chronic-disease-an-analysis-of-newspaper-coverage-of-sedentary-behaviour-as-a-health-issue-in-australia-2000-2012
#20
Josephine Y Chau, Catriona Bonfiglioli, Amy Zhong, Zeljko Pedisic, Michelle Daley, Bronwyn McGill, Adrian Bauman
Issue addressed: This study examines how sedentary behaviour (too much sitting) was covered as a health issue by Australian newspapers and how physical activity was framed within this newspaper coverage.Methods: Articles featuring sedentary behaviour published in Australian newspapers between 2000 and 2012 were analysed for content and framing. Main outcome measures were volume, number and content of newspaper articles; framing and types of sedentary behaviour; responsibility for the problem of and solutions to high levels of sedentary behaviour; and physical activity mentions and how it was framed within sedentary behaviour coverage...
January 12, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
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