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Peter P Luk, Christina I Selinger, Timothy J Eviston, Rafael Ekmejian, Denise Foo, Jessica Tay, Kan Gao, Sydney Ch'ng, Sandra A O'Toole, Jonathan R Clark, Ruta Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Daniel Kirkpatrick, Peter Luk, Tina Selinger, David Joseph, Gary Morgan, Ruta Gupta, Catriona McKenzie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Alison T Merryweather-Clarke, Alex J Tipping, Abigail A Lamikanra, Rui Fa, Basel Abu-Jamous, Hoi Pat Tsang, Lee Carpenter, Kathryn J H Robson, Asoke K Nandi, David J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are a potentially invaluable resource for regenerative medicine, including the in vitro manufacture of blood products. HiPSC-derived red blood cells are an attractive therapeutic option in hematology, yet exhibit unexplained proliferation and enucleation defects that presently preclude such applications. We hypothesised that substantial differential regulation of gene expression during erythroid development accounts for these important differences between hiPSC-derived cells and those from adult or cord-blood progenitors...
October 21, 2016: BMC Genomics
Yue Wang, Runping Fang, Ming Cui, Weiying Zhang, Xiao Bai, Huawei Wang, Bowen Liu, Xiaodong Zhang, Lihong Ye
The oncoprotein Yes-associated protein (YAP) in Hippo pathway plays crucial roles in the development of cancer. However, the mechanism of YAP regulation in cancer remains poorly understood. Here, we supposed that the oncoprotein hepatitis B X-interacting protein (HBXIP) might be involved in the modulation of YAP in liver cancer. Interestingly, our data showed that the expression levels of HBXIP were positively associated with those of YAP in clinical hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) samples by immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining and real-time PCR assays...
October 17, 2016: Cancer Letters
Min Chen, Meiling Ji, Binbin Wen, Li Liu, Shaoxuan Li, Xiude Chen, Dongsheng Gao, Ling Li
Golden2-like (GLK) transcription factors are members of the GARP family of Myb transcription factors with an established relationship to chloroplast development in the plant kingdom. In the last century, Golden2 was proposed as a second golden producing factor and identified as controlling cellular differentiation in maize leaves. Then, GLKs were also found to play roles in disease defense and their function is conserved in regulating chloroplast development. Recently, research on GLKs has rapidly increased and shown that GLKs control chloroplast development in green and non-green tissues...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Lillian Oglesby, Anthony Ananga, James Obuya, Joel Ochieng, Ernst Cebert, Violeta Tsolova
The skin color of grape berry is very important in the wine industry. The red color results from the synthesis and accumulation of anthocyanins, which is regulated by transcription factors belonging to the MYB family. The transcription factors that activate the anthocyanin biosynthetic genes have been isolated in model plants. However, the genetic basis of color variation is species-specific and its understanding is relevant in many crop species. This study reports the isolation of MybA1, and MYBCS-1 genes from muscadine grapes for the first time...
October 12, 2016: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
M Clarke, G Volpe, L Sheriff, D Walton, C Ward, W Wei, S Dumon, P García, J Frampton
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), which overproduce blood cells in the bone marrow, have recently been linked with a genetically determined decrease in expression of the MYB transcription factor. Here, we use a mouse MYB knockdown model with an MPN-like phenotype to show how lower levels of MYB lead to stem cell characteristics in myeloid progenitors. The altered progenitor properties feature elevated cytokine responsiveness, especially to IL-3, which results from increased receptor expression and increased MAPK activity leading to enhanced phosphorylation of a key regulator of protein synthesis, ribosomal protein S6...
October 17, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Vijay Gahlaut, Vandana Jaiswal, Anuj Kumar, Pushpendra Kumar Gupta
TFs involved in drought tolerance in plants may be utilized in future for developing drought tolerant cultivars of wheat and some other crops. Plants have developed a fairly complex stress response system to deal with drought and other abiotic stresses. These response systems often make use of transcription factors (TFs); a gene encoding a specific TF together with -its target genes constitute a regulon, and take part in signal transduction to activate/silence genes involved in response to drought. Since, five specific families of TFs (out of >80 known families of TFs) have gained widespread attention on account of their significant role in drought tolerance in plants, TFs and regulons belonging to these five multi-gene families (AP2/EREBP, bZIP, MYB/MYC, NAC and WRKY) have been described and their role in improving drought tolerance discussed in this brief review...
October 13, 2016: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Sylvain Legay, Gea Guerriero, Christelle André, Cédric Guignard, Emmanuelle Cocco, Sophie Charton, Marc Boutry, Owen Rowland, Jean-Francois Hausman
A comparison of the transcriptomes of russeted vs nonrusseted apple skins previously highlighted a tight relationship between a gene encoding an MYB-type transcription factor, MdMYB93, and some key suberin biosynthetic genes. The present work assesses the role of this transcription factor in the suberization process. A phylogenetic analysis of MdMYB93 and Arabidopsis thaliana MYBs was performed and the function of MdMYB93 was further investigated using Agrobacterium-mediated transient overexpression in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves...
September 15, 2016: New Phytologist
Marçal Soler, Anna Plasencia, Jorge Lepikson-Neto, Eduardo L O Camargo, Annabelle Dupas, Nathalie Ladouce, Edouard Pesquet, Fabien Mounet, Romain Larbat, Jacqueline Grima-Pettenati
Comparative phylogenetic analyses of the R2R3-MYB transcription factor family revealed that five subgroups were preferentially found in woody species and were totally absent from Brassicaceae and monocots (Soler et al., 2015). Here, we analyzed one of these subgroups (WPS-I) for which no gene had been yet characterized. Most Eucalyptus members of WPS-I are preferentially expressed in the vascular cambium, the secondary meristem responsible for tree radial growth. We focused on EgMYB88, which is the most specifically and highly expressed in vascular tissues, and showed that it behaves as a transcriptional activator in yeast...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Supawadee Yamsri, Naruwat Pakdee, Goonnapa Fucharoen, Kanokwan Sanchaisuriya, Supan Fucharoen
Non-transfusion-dependent thalassemia (NTDT) is associated with various forms of thalassemia and genetic modifiers. We report the molecular basis of NTDT in hemoglobin (Hb) E-β-thalassemia disease. This study was done in 73 adult patients encountered at the prenatal diagnosis center of Khon Kaen University, Northeast Thailand. Hematological parameters and Hb patterns were collected, and α- and β-globin gene mutations were determined. Multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including the rs7482144/Gγ-XmnI polymorphism, rs2297339, rs2838513, rs4895441, and rs9399137 in the HBS1L-MYB gene, rs4671393 and rs11886868 in the BCL11A gene, and G176AfsX179 in the KLF1 gene were examined...
October 7, 2016: Acta Haematologica
Sagar Uttarkar, Therese Piontek Ellendorff, Sandeep Dukare, Caroline Schomburg, Peter Schlenke, Wolfgang E Berdel, Carsten Muller-Tidow, Thomas J Schmidt, Karl-Heinz Klempnauer
The transcription factor c-Myb is essential for the proliferation of hematopoietic cells and has been implicated in the development of leukemia and other human cancers. Pharmacological inhibition of Myb is therefore emerging as a potential therapeutic strategy for these diseases. By using a Myb reporter cell line we have identified plumbagin and several naphthoquinones as potent low-molecular weight Myb inhibitors. We demonstrate that these compounds inhibit c-Myb by binding to the c-Myb transactivation domain and disrupting the cooperation of c-Myb with the co-activator p300, a major driver of Myb activity...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Nelson C N Chan, Kin-Mang Lau, Kelvin C K Cheng, Natalie P H Chan, Margaret H L Ng
Genetic association studies showed that Hb F is under the influence of major quantitative trait loci (QTL) in β-thalassemia (β-thal) carriers. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at three major QTLs, BCL11A, HBS1L-MYB intergenic region and XmnI-HBG2, were individually validated in univariate models. However, their relative effect sizes on Hb F regulation are unknown. We genotyped 99 Chinese β-thal carriers for the three major QTLs and performed genetic association studies using three different statistical models, including mass univariate analysis, multivariate linear regression and partial least square regression structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM)...
October 5, 2016: Hemoglobin
M He, H Wang, Y Z Liu, W J Gao, Y H Gao, F Wang, Y W Zhou
v-myb avianmyeloblastosis viral oncogene homolog (MYB) transcription factors are key regulators of stress responsive gene expression in plants. In this study, the MYB gene, ChiMYB (GenBank accession No. KT948997), was isolated from Chrysanthemum indicum, and was functionally characterized with an emphasis on salinity stress tolerance. The full ChiMYB cDNA sequence (948 bp) encoded a typical R2R3 MYB transcription factor that contained 315 amino acid residues and two MYB domains. The temporal expression pattern of ChiMYB was noted in C...
September 23, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
X B Luo, Z Liu, L Xu, Y Wang, X W Zhu, W Zhang, W Chen, Y L Zhu, X J Su, M Everlyne, L W Liu
Glucosinolates (GSLs) are important secondary metabolites in Brassicaceae plants. Previous studies have mainly focused on GSL contents, types, and biosynthesis-related genes, but the molecular characterization patterns of GSL biosynthesis-related transcription factors remain largely unexplored in radish (Raphanus sativus L.). To isolate transcription factor genes regulating the GSL biosynthesis, genomic DNA and cDNA sequences of RsMYB28 and RsMYB29 genes were isolated in radish. Two R2R3-MYB domains were identified in the deduced amino acid sequences...
September 23, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Hsin-Hung Wu, Yu-Fan Liu, Shun-Fa Yang, Wea-Lung Lin, Shiuan-Chih Chen, Chih-Ping Han, Hsiang-Ling Wang, Long-Yau Lin, Po-Hui Wang
To date, no study associated the genetic polymorphisms of high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) with the development of uterine cervical cancer. We therefore conducted this study to investigate the associations of HMGB1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with cervical carcinogenesis and clinicopathological characteristics of cancer patients. Five hundred two women, including 112 with invasive cancer, 85 with precancerous lesions of the uterine cervix, and 305 normal controls, were consecutively enrolled into this study...
October 4, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Fei Gao, Ning Wang, Huayun Li, Jisheng Liu, Chenxi Fu, Zihua Xiao, Chunxiang Wei, Xiaoduo Lu, Jinchao Feng, Yijun Zhou
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate target gene expression to modulate plant growth, development, and biotic and abiotic stress response at the post-transcriptional level. Ammopiptanthus mongolicus, an ecologically important desert plant, is increasingly used as a model for studying stress tolerance in plants. The miRNA-mediated gene regulatory network might remarkably contribute to the high stress tolerance of A. mongolicus. However, a genome-wide identification of miRNAs and their targets is still lacking in A. mongolicus...
October 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jing Zhang, Hang Ge, Chen Zang, Xian Li, Donald Grierson, Kun-Song Chen, Xue-Ren Yin
Lignin is important for plant secondary cell wall formation and participates in resistance to various biotic and abiotic stresses. Loquat undergoes lignification not only in vegetative tissues but also in flesh of postharvest fruit, which adversely affects consumer acceptance. Thus, researches on lignin biosynthesis and regulation are important to understand loquat fruit lignification. In loquat, a gene encoding an enzyme in the lignin biosynthesis pathway, Ej4CL1, was reported to be regulated by transcription factors, including EjMYB1, EjMYB2, EjMYB8, and EjAP2-1, knowledge of this process is still limited...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Bijayalaxmi Mohanty, Hirokazu Takahashi, Benildo G de Los Reyes, Edward Wijaya, Mikio Nakazono, Dong-Yup Lee
BACKGROUND: Rice is the only crop that germinates and elongates the coleoptile under complete submergence. It has been shown that alcohol dehydrogenase 1 (ADH1)-deficient mutant of rice with reduced alcohol dehydrogenase activity (rad) and reduced ATP level, is viable with much reduced coleoptile elongation under such condition. To understand the altered transcriptional regulatory mechanism of this mutant, we aimed to establish possible relationships between gene expression and cis-regulatory information content...
December 2016: Rice
Xuefeng Li, Sisi He, Rongpeng Li, Xikun Zhou, Shuang Zhang, Min Yu, Yan Ye, Yongsheng Wang, Canhua Huang, Min Wu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in various biological processes, including cell proliferation, development and host defence. However, the molecular mechanism for miRNAs in regulating bacterial-induced inflammation remains largely unclear. Here, we report that miR-301b augments pro-inflammatory response during pulmonary infection, and caffeine suppresses the effect of miR-301b and thereby augments respiratory immunity. LPS treatment or Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection induces miR-301b expression via a TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway...
August 8, 2016: Nature Microbiology
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