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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641364/access-to-coverage-and-care-for-people-with-preexisting-conditions-how-has-it-changed-under-the-aca
#1
Sherry Glied, Adlan Jackson
ISSUE: Prior to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), people with preexisting health conditions could be denied insurance coverage or charged higher rates. If the law is repealed, these protections could be diluted or lost altogether. GOALS: Assess the ACA's impact on coverage and access for people with preexisting conditions and compare their coverage gains with state high-risk-pool enrollment pre-ACA. METHODS: Analysis of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for the period 2011–13 to 2015. KEY FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS: Between 2013 and 2015, 16...
June 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640683/the-public-health-practitioner-of-the-future
#2
Paul Campbell Erwin, Ross C Brownson
The requisite capacities and capabilities of the public health practitioner of the future are being driven by multiple forces of change, including public health agency accreditation, climate change, health in all policies, social media and informatics, demographic transitions, globalized travel, and the repercussions of the Affordable Care Act. We describe five critical capacities and capabilities that public health practitioners can build on to successfully prepare for and respond to these forces of change: systems thinking and systems methods, communication capacities, an entrepreneurial orientation, transformational ethics, and policy analysis and response...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635549/a-missed-primary-care-appointment-correlates-with-a-subsequent-emergency-department-visit-among-children-with-asthma
#3
Colleen Marie McGovern, Margaret Redmond, Kimberly Arcoleo, David R Stukus
OBJECTIVE: Since the Affordable Care Act's implementation, emergency department (ED) visits have increased. Poor asthma control increases the risk of acute exacerbations and preventable ED visits. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services support the reduction of preventable ED visits to reduce healthcare spending. Implementation of interventions to avoid preventable ED visits has become a priority for many healthcare systems yet little data exist examining children's missed asthma management primary care (PC) appointments and subsequent ED visits...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631100/co-modulation-of-an-allosteric-modulator-of-nicotinic-receptor-cholinesterase-inhibitor-galantamine-and-a-5-ht4-receptor-agonist-rs-67333-effect-on-scopolamine-induced-memory-deficit-in-the-mouse
#4
Thomas Freret, Véronique Lelong-Boulouard, Pierre Lecouflet, Katia Hamidouche, François Dauphin, Michel Boulouard
AIM: It is widely assumed that the upcoming therapeutics for Alzheimer's disease will require to act on more than one target to be effective. We investigated here whether a combination of the nicotinic receptor allosteric modulator/cholinesterase inhibitor galantamine can act synergistically with the type 4 serotonin receptor (5-HT4R) partial agonist, RS-67333, to counterbalance deficits in short- and long-term memory. To select sub-efficacious doses of both drugs, dose-response studies were first performed on the scopolamine-induced deficits of spontaneous alternation in the Y-maze task and of acquisition and retrieval processes in a passive avoidance task...
June 19, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630190/%C3%AE-lactam-antibiotics-with-a-high-affinity-for-pbp2-act-synergistically-with-the-ftsz-targeting-agent-txa707-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#5
Edgar Ferrer-González, Malvika Kaul, Ajit K Parhi, Edmond J LaVoie, Daniel S Pilch
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a multi-drug resistant pathogen that poses a significant risk to global health today. We have developed a promising new FtsZ-targeting agent (TXA707) with potent activity against MRSA isolates resistant to current standard-of-care antibiotics. Here we present results that demonstrate differing extents of synergy between TXA707 and a broad range of β-lactam antibiotics (including six cephalosporins, two penicillins, and two carbapenems) against MRSA. To explore whether there is a correlation between the extent of synergy and the preferential antibacterial target of each β-lactam, we determined the binding affinities of the β-lactam antibiotics for each of the four native penicillin binding proteins (PBPs) of S...
June 19, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622189/subsidizing-the-sick-how-community-rating-works
#6
Anthony M DiGiorgio, Praveen V Mummaneni, Michael S Virk, Alok D Sharan
Insurance premium rates have typically been calculated using a variety of rating algorithms. Passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act mandated that all individual and small group plans must use the community rating method. This method gives the same insurance rate to all members of a community, with adjustments only being allowed based on age, geography, and tobacco use. This effectively raises rates on low-risk individuals to subsidize high-risk individuals. With President Trump and Congressional Republicans vowing to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, this lesser-known but controversial portion of the law may be abolished...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619635/production-and-characterization-of-polyhydroxyalkanoic-acid-from-bacillus-thuringiensis-using-different-carbon-substrates
#7
Olubusola A Odeniyi, Olakunle J Adeola
Polyhydroxyalkanoic acids (PHA) are biodegradable microbially synthesised polymers which can act as alternatives to conventional petrochemical based plastics. Bacterial isolates from soil and sewage samples were screened for the ability to accumulate PHA using Sudan Black B dye, and growth conditions of the best PHA accumulating bacterium was optimized. The PHA produced was characterized by FTIR spectroscopy. Eight PHA-producing bacteria were isolated and isolate SBC4 which had the highest percentage accumulation of 30% was genotypically identified as Bacillus thuringiensis and selected for further studies...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617018/integrated-care-in-rural-health-seeking-sustainability
#8
Mary Peterson, Jeri Turgesen, Laura Fisk, Seamus McCarthy
INTRODUCTION: The increased awareness of the financial impact associated with social determinants of health coincides with expectations of the Affordable Care Act (HR 3590) to improve care while reducing costs. The integration of behavioral health providers (BHPs) into primary care has demonstrated improved clinical outcomes. This study was designed with 2 aims, including the evaluation of the financial viability of an integrated care model in a rural setting and the demonstration of incorporating practice-based research into clinical work...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617012/to-clinician-innovators-a-special-invitation
#9
Jennifer S Funderburk, Jodi Polaha
Our vision for this special issue was simple: to inspire clinician innovators working in integrated care to not only consume the literature but also contribute to it. Growing the research capacity of clinician innovators in integrated care is vital for at least three reasons. First and foremost, real-world clinicians have an excellent vantage on the processes and outcomes that relate to the reach or the extent to which the given intervention or model of care engages its intended audience (Klesges, Estabrooks, Dzewaltowski, Bull, & Glasgow, 2005)...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615973/can-biosimilars-help-achieve-the-goals-of-us-health-care-reform
#10
REVIEW
Ralph Boccia, Ira Jacobs, Robert Popovian, Gilberto de Lima Lopes
The US Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) aims to expand health care coverage, contain costs, and improve health care quality. Accessibility and affordability of innovative biopharmaceuticals are important to the success of the ACA. As it is substantially more difficult to manufacture them compared with small-molecule drugs, many of which have generic alternatives, biologics may increase drug costs. However, biologics offer demonstrated improvements in patient care that can reduce expensive interventions, thus lowering net health care costs...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615193/health-spending-by-state-1991-2014-measuring-per-capita-spending-by-payers-and-programs
#11
David Lassman, Andrea M Sisko, Aaron Catlin, Mary Carol Barron, Joseph Benson, Gigi A Cuckler, Micah Hartman, Anne B Martin, Lekha Whittle
As the US health sector evolves and changes, it is informative to estimate and analyze health spending trends at the state level. These estimates, which provide information about consumption of health care by residents of a state, serve as a baseline for state and national-level policy discussions. This study examines per capita health spending by state of residence and per enrollee spending for the three largest payers (Medicare, Medicaid, and private health insurance) through 2014. Moreover, it discusses in detail the impacts of the Affordable Care Act implementation and the most recent economic recession and recovery on health spending at the state level...
June 14, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614177/the-affordable-care-act-reduces-hypertension-treatment-disparities-for-mexican-heritage-latinos
#12
Ryan M McKenna, Héctor E Alcalá, Félice Lê-Scherban, Dylan H Roby, Alexander N Ortega
OBJECTIVES: Mexican-heritage Latinos have lower prevalence of hypertension, but have worse patterns of treatment and control compared with non-Latino whites. This study examined the impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) insurance expansion on reducing disparities in treatment and medication use among Mexican-heritage Latinos with hypertension. RESEARCH DESIGN: Using the 2009-2014 waves of the California Health Interview Survey, we examine health care access, utilization, and medication use among Mexican-heritage Latinos and non-Latino whites with hypertension...
July 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613408/pre-admission-antibiotics-for-suspected-cases-of-meningococcal-disease
#13
REVIEW
Thambu D Sudarsanam, Priscilla Rupali, Prathap Tharyan, Ooriapadickal Cherian Abraham, Kurien Thomas
BACKGROUND: Meningococcal disease can lead to death or disability within hours after onset. Pre-admission antibiotics aim to reduce the risk of serious disease and death by preventing delays in starting therapy before confirmation of the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To study the effectiveness and safety of pre-admission antibiotics versus no pre-admission antibiotics or placebo, and different pre-admission antibiotic regimens in decreasing mortality, clinical failure, and morbidity in people suspected of meningococcal disease...
June 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613067/the-american-health-care-act-economic-and-employment-consequences-for-states
#14
Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Erin Brantley, Nikhil Holla, Brian K Bruen
ISSUE: The American Health Care Act (AHCA), passed by the U.S. House of Representatives, would repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act. The Congressional Budget Office indicates that the AHCA could increase the number of uninsured by 23 million by 2026. GOAL: To determine the consequences of the AHCA on employment and economic activity in every state. METHODS: We compute changes in federal spending and revenue from 2018 to 2026 for each state and use the PI+ model to project the effects on states’ employment and economies...
June 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608984/dialysis-in-the-undocumented-the-past-the-present-and-what-lies-ahead
#15
EDITORIAL
Shruti Gupta, Andrew Z Fenves
In many states undocumented immigrants with end stage renal disease (ESRD) do not have access to regular, thrice weekly dialysis. The term "compassionate dialysis" is used to describe dialysis that is provided on an emergent basis, when patients are in extremis from symptoms of volume overload or suffer from life-threatening electrolyte abnormalities. In this editorial, one particularly poignant anecdote is presented from the experience of one of the authors (AZF) as a nephrologist in Texas, a state where undocumented immigrants have faced difficulties in accessing regular dialysis...
June 13, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601783/potential-impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-s-preventive-services-provision-on-breast-cancer-stage-a-preliminary-assessment
#16
Abigail Silva, Yamile Molina, Bijou Hunt, Talar Marossian, Nazia Saiyed
INTRODUCTION: The Affordable Care Act's (ACA) preventive services provision (PSP) removes copayments for preventive services such as cancer screening. We examined: 1) whether a shift in breast cancer stage occurred, and 2) the impact of the provision on racial/ethnic disparities in stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the National Cancer Database were used. The pre- and post-PSP periods were identified as 2007-2009 and 2011-2013, respectively. Proportion differences (PDs) and 95% confidence Intervals (CIs) were calculated...
June 8, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598597/azapeptide-synthesis-methods-for-expanding-side-chain-diversity-for-biomedical-applications
#17
Ramesh Chingle, Caroline Proulx, William D Lubell
Mimicry of bioactive conformations is critical for peptide-based medicinal chemistry because such peptidomimetics may augment stability, enhance affinity, and increase specificity. Azapeptides are peptidomimetics in which the α-carbon(s) of one or more amino acid residues are substituted by nitrogen. The resulting semicarbazide analogues have been shown to reinforce β-turn conformation through the combination of lone pair-lone pair repulsion of the adjacent hydrazine nitrogen and urea planarity. Substitution of a semicarbazide for an amino amide residue in a peptide may retain biological activity and add benefits such as improved metabolic stability...
June 9, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594696/quality-measures-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-the-current-state
#18
Megan A Adams, Sameer D Saini, John I Allen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the current state of endoscopic quality measurement and use of measures in enhancing the value of endoscopic services. RECENT FINDINGS: Initially, quality measurement of endoscopic procedures was claims based or included small unit or practice-specific efforts. Now we have a mature national registry and large electronic medical or procedural records that are designed to yield valuable data relevant to quality measurement...
June 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594536/surgeon-patient-communication-the-key-to-patient-satisfaction-patient-centered-care-and-shared-decision-making
#19
Dwight W Burney Iii
The surgeon-patient relationship is rapidly evolving from surgeon-centric to patient-centric. External forces, such as the Affordable Care Act and the unsustainable growth of healthcare costs in the United States, have disrupted the old model of medical care. Effective communication between surgeons and patients as well as patient satisfaction, treatment adherence, and shared decision making are essential components of the patient-centered care paradigm. Effective communication carries high stakes for surgeons, including increased surgeon satisfaction and a reduced risk of surgeon burnout and malpractice litigation...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594534/patient-reported-outcome-metrics-in-total-joint-arthroplasty
#20
Adam Rana, Shaleen Vira
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act includes several provisions that focus on improving the delivery of health care in the United States. Reducing overall healthcare costs and improving the quality of care delivered are two overarching themes of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. An evaluation of quality in total joint arthroplasty focuses on three main areas: complications, readmissions, and, more recently, patient-reported outcomes. Patient-reported outcomes allow surgeons and patients to objectively document pain relief and functional gain after total joint arthroplasty...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
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