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Sex and spirituality

Christopher P Plant, Brad Donohue, Jason M Holland
There is evidence to suggest mothers who are served by child protective service agencies are relatively dissatisfied in their lives, leading some investigators to conclude life dissatisfaction may be associated with child maltreatment. To assist in better understanding this relationship the Life Satisfaction Scale for Caregivers (LSSC) was psychometrically developed in a sample of 72 mothers who were referred for behavioral treatment for child neglect and substance abuse by caseworkers from a local child protective service agency...
September 2016: Applied Research in Quality of Life
Rosalinda Ramirez Jimenez
This is a reflective analysis on the lived experience of a medical mission in a third world country, where young women are abused and trafficked for sex. Practices of Scripture study, Lectio Divina, and contemplative prayer enabled me to deal with the spiritual darkness we encountered. Opening a dialogue with community members to view males and females in a different manner and battling alongside the local mission and ministers against sex trafficking, are not easy tasks. The perseverance found in the Bible gives us hope to be witnesses and healers in our broken world, and a small part in change that can take root with prayer...
October 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Bo Song, Cunling Yan, Yuanlong Lin, Fuxiang Wang, Limei Wang
BACKGROUND China is undergoing a rapid growth in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic involving men who have sex with men (MSM). Reports about their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are scarce. This study aimed to assess the HRQOL and factors influencing HIV-positive MSM in a city in the northeast of China. MATERIAL AND METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in Harbin city (Heilongjiang, China). HIV-positive MSM (n=125) were interviewed using the WHOQOL-HIV-BRIEF scale, the Berger HIV Stigma Scale, and other HIV-related questionnaires from June to August 2013...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Farnoosh Safavifar, Mehrdad Eftekhar, Kaveh Alavi, Reza Negarandeh, Amir Hossein Jalali, Maryam Eftekhar
BACKGROUND: Gender identity disorder and its treatment with sex reassignment surgery is a profound experience, which can affect the mental, interpersonal, social and religious aspects of one's life. METHODS: This was a qualitative content analysis study focusing on the various dimensions of the experiences of seven patients suffering from gender identity disorder in a female-to-male subgroup. This study presents a report concerning the religious aspects of their experience...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Maryam Ameri, Kamran Aghakhani, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Ebrahim Ameri, Azadeh Memarian
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic injury including fractures of limbs, hip or spine or the injuries of soft tissue, muscles, ligaments and tendons lesions are the most common traumatic injuries these days, and impose a significant material and spiritual cost to the communities every year. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relation between injuries and the mechanism of injuries and gender. METHODS: In these studies 2480 patients with mean age of 29.9±17.8 referred to Shafa Yahyaeian Hospital in Tehran, Iran were participated...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Dionne Gesink, Lana Whiskeyjack, Terri Suntjens, Alanna Mihic, Priscilla McGilvery
STI rates are high for First Nations in Canada and the United States. Our objective was to understand the context, issues, and beliefs around high STI rates from a nêhiyaw (Cree) perspective. Twenty-two in-depth interviews were conducted with 25 community participants between March 1, 2011 and May 15, 2011. Interviews were conducted by community researchers and grounded in the Cree values of relationship, sharing, personal agency and relational accountability. A diverse purposive snowball sample of community members were asked why they thought STI rates were high for the community...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Sabine Lang
People living in the role of the "other" sex in Native American cultures, often entering into same-sex relationships, have been subject to various anthropological, historical, and psychological analyses and interpretations. Most recently, there has been a shift to an indigenist/decolonial interdisciplinary focus on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer Native people. This article gives a discussion of approaches to the subject, with a focus on female gender variability. An overview is given of the latter, complemented by a discussion of the identities and concerns of contemporary Native lesbians, many of whom identify as "two-spirit," a term that alludes to the dual, spiritually powerful nature traditionally attributed in a number of Native American cultures to individuals who combine the feminine and masculine...
July 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Marvin O Delgado-Guay, Alfredo Rodriguez-Nunez, Vera De la Cruz, Susan Frisbee-Hume, Janet Williams, Jimin Wu, Diane Liu, Michael J Fisch, Eduardo Bruera
CONTEXT: Conversations about end-of-life (EOL) wishes are challenging for many clinicians. The Go Wish card game (GWG) was developed to facilitate these conversations. Little is known about the type and consistency of EOL wishes using the GWG in advanced cancer patients. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the EOL wishes of 100 patients with advanced cancer treated at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The purpose of this study was to determine the EOL wishes of patients with advanced cancer and to compare patients' preference between the GWG and List of wishes/statements (LOS) containing the same number of items...
October 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Kate Brizzi, Sonam Deki, Lhab Tshering, Sarah J Clark, Damber K Nirola, Bryan N Patenaude, Erica D McKenzie, Hannah C McLane, Sydney S Cash, Chencho Dorji, Farrah J Mateen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of epilepsy among healthcare workers (HCWs) and people with epilepsy (PWE) living in Bhutan. METHODS: A survey with similar questions was distributed to HCWs and PWE (2014-2015). Responses were compared between the two groups. A Stigma Scale in Epilepsy Score was tested for an independent association with patient age, sex, years of education and presence of seizure freedom using regression models. RESULTS: PWE (n=177), when compared to HCWs (n=75), were more likely to believe that epilepsy is contagious; epilepsy results from karma or past actions; PWE need help in school; and people with epilepsy have spiritual powers (p<0...
July 2016: International Health
C Morgan, S John, O Esan, M Hibben, V Patel, H Weiss, R M Murray, G Hutchinson, O Gureje, R Thara, A Cohen
BACKGROUND: There are striking global inequities in our knowledge of the incidence, aetiology, and outcome of psychotic disorders. For example, only around 10% of research on incidence of psychotic disorders originates in low- and middle-income countries. We established INTREPID I to develop, implement, and evaluate, in sites in India (Chengalpet), Nigeria (Ibadan), and Trinidad (Tunapuna-Piarco), methods for identifying and recruiting untreated cases of psychosis, as a basis for investigating incidence and, subsequently, risk factors, phenomenology, and outcome...
July 2016: Psychological Medicine
James McTavish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Linacre Quarterly
Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Nicole M Fava, Melissa A Saftner, Cynthia S Darling-Fisher, Nutrena H Tate, Sarah A Stoddard, Kristy K Martyn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Research on Arab-Americans as a distinct ethnic group is limited, especially when considering the health of Arab-American youth. This study describes health risk (substance use, violence); health promotive behaviors (hope, spirituality); and sexual activity (oral, vaginal, anal sex) of Arab-American adolescents and emerging adults (aged 15-23) within their life context, as well as the association between these behaviors. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data on a subset of Arab-American participants obtained from a randomized-control trial was utilized to conduct mixed methods analyses...
September 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Irina Iles, Bradley Boekeloo, Anita Atwell Seate, Sylvia Quinton
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship of spirituality and religiosity with sexual behavioral self-efficacy in predicting recent unprotected sex in a sample of adult women, predominantly comprised of African Americans. METHODS: Data were collected from a sample of 171 adult women via a paper-and-pencil questionnaire. We conducted a path analysis to test the proposed relationships. RESULTS: An increase in both religiosity and spirituality predicted a decrease in number of types of recent unprotected sex, indirectly through sexual behavior self-efficacy...
March 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Hanna Klaus, Manuel E Cortés
Governments and society have accepted and enthusiastically promoted contraception, especially contraceptive steroid hormones, as the means of assuring optimal timing and number of births, an undoubted health benefit, but they seldom advert to their limitations and side effects. This article reviews the literature on the psychological, social, and spiritual impact of contraceptive steroid use. While the widespread use of contraceptive steroid hormones has expanded life style and career choices for many women, their impact on the women's well-being, emotions, social relationships, and spirituality is seldom mentioned by advocates, and negative effects are often downplayed...
August 2015: Linacre Quarterly
Laurie Drabble, Karen F Trocki, Jamie L Klinger
OBJECTIVE: Despite research documenting disparities in risk for alcohol-related problems among sexual minority women, few studies explore potential protective factors within this population. This study examines how religiosity may function as a protective or risk factor for alcohol-problems or other substance use among sexual minorities compared to heterosexuals. METHOD: Data from 11,169 women who responded to sexual identity and sexual behavior questions from three population-based National Alcohol Survey waves (2000, 2005, 2010) were utilized for analyses of religiosity in relation to lifetime drinking, past year hazardous drinking, and past year drug use...
April 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Nico A Canoy, Mira Alexis P Ofreneo
A discursive-materialist framework of agency asserts the mutual constitution of agency within cultural discursive, economic, and embodied material structures. Understanding how HIV-positive men who have sex with men in the Philippines negotiate agency vis-a-vis wider social structures, we utilized Foucault's care of the self to locate agency in relationships with the self, others, and the broader world. Using data from narratives of 20 Filipino HIV-positive men who have sex with men, we analyzed the negotiation of agency as HIV-positive as embedded in the unique discursive terrain of Roman Catholicism and the economic materiality of a developing country...
February 5, 2016: Health (London)
Ines Salhofer, Andrea Will, Ina Monsef, Nicole Skoetz
BACKGROUND: Malignant neoplasms of the lymphoid or myeloid cell lines including lymphoma, leukaemia and myeloma are referred to as haematological malignancies. Complementary and alternative treatment options such as meditation practice or yoga are becoming popular by treating all aspects of the disease including physical and psychological symptoms. However, there is still unclear evidence about meditation's effectiveness, and how its practice affects the lives of haematologically-diseased patients...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Katherine Quinn, Julia Dickson-Gomez, Jeffrey A Kelly
In the USA, the Black Church is among the most important institutions in the Black community, offering numerous spiritual, social and health benefits. Yet, the presence of homonegativity in many Black Churches may mitigate those effects for gay Black youth. This research examines the role of the Church in the lives of gay and bisexual Black youth to understand how they reconcile any tension between their religious and sexual identities. Through interviews with pastors of Black churches (n = 21) and young Black men who have sex with men (n = 30), we explored homonegativity and young men's experiences within the Black Church...
2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Tommie L Watkins, Cathy Simpson, Stacey S Cofield, Susan Davies, Connie Kohler, Stuart Usdan
Blacks in the USA, including black men who have sex with men (MSM), tend to have stronger religious and spiritual affiliations compared with other racial/ethnic populations. HIV and STD incidence rates continue to rise among Black MSM. Using data from the CDC Brothers y Hermanos (ByHS) project, this study examined correlations between high-risk behavior, e.g., substance use and high-risk sexual behavior (e.g., condom use history, unprotected sexual intercourse, HIV infection status, and STD infection status) religiosity, spirituality, age, among Black MSM (N = 1141)...
April 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Jonathan M Lassiter, Jeffrey T Parsons
This paper presents a systematic review of the quantitative HIV research that assessed the relationships between religion, spirituality, HIV syndemics, and individual HIV syndemics-related health conditions (e.g. depression, substance abuse, HIV risk) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States. No quantitative studies were found that assessed the relationships between HIV syndemics, religion, and spirituality. Nine studies, with 13 statistical analyses, were found that examined the relationships between individual HIV syndemics-related health conditions, religion, and spirituality...
February 2016: AIDS and Behavior
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