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Sex and spirituality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723002/sex-through-a-sacred-lens-longitudinal-effects-of-sanctification-of-marital-sexuality
#1
Krystal M Hernandez-Kane, Annette Mahoney
Research attending to the role of religion and spirituality in enhancing sexuality in marriage is virtually absent. In response to this scarcity, this longitudinal study examined the sanctification of marital sexuality among newly married, heterosexual individuals (N = 67; married 4-18 months at Time 1). Greater sanctification of marital sexuality early in the marriage predicted more frequent sexual intercourse, sexual satisfaction, and marital satisfaction 1 year later for individual respondents, after controlling for initial levels of the dependent variable as well as age, frequencies of religious service attendance and prayer, and biblical conservatism...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696488/the-influence-of-religion-and-spirituality-on-hiv-prevention-among-black-and-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men-new-york-city
#2
Kathryn Drumhiller, José E Nanín, Zaneta Gaul, Madeline Y Sutton
The influence of religion and spirituality (R/S) on HIV prevention has been understudied, especially for Black and/or Latino men who have sex with men (BLMSM), who bear a disproportionate burden of HIV, and who are part of racial/ethnic communities with high engagement in R/S. The specific aim of this study was to explore perspectives about R/S among BLMSM to inform HIV prevention strategies and reduce HIV-related health disparities. Data from 105 qualitative interviews with BLMSM were analyzed; 58 (55%) stated that R/S had no personal influence on HIV prevention...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683788/communication-about-prognosis-with-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-with-cancer-information-needs-prognostic-awareness-and-outcomes-of-disclosure
#3
Jennifer W Mack, Karen M Fasciano, Susan D Block
Purpose Communication about prognosis affects decisions patients and family members make about cancer care, and most patients say they want to know about their chances of cure. We sought to evaluate experiences with prognosis communication among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Patients and Methods We surveyed 203 AYAs with cancer age 15 to 29 years (response rate, 74%) treated at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and their oncologists. Patients were approached within 6 weeks of diagnosis and asked to report on their prognosis communication preferences and experiences, their beliefs about likelihood of cure, and psychosocial outcomes of communication, such as trust (using an item from the Trust in Physician Scale), peace of mind (using select items from the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale), and anxiety and depression (using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608328/mental-health-care-treatment-seeking-among-african-americans-and-caribbean-blacks-what-is-the-role-of-religiosity-spirituality
#4
Natalie Turner, Julia F Hastings, Harold W Neighbors
OBJECTIVES: As adults increase in age, the likelihood for using mental health care services decrease. Underutilization, expecially among racial/ethnic minorities such as African American and Caribbean Blacks, can result in a decrease in quality of life, as well as significant costs to families, employers, and health systems. METHODS: The study explored the differences in relationships between mental health care usage and strength of religious/spiritual beliefs between African American and Caribbean Black older adults (54 years or older) and adults (18-53 years) using data from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL)...
April 2, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578599/moving-toward-a-true-depiction-of-tobacco-behavior-among-asian-indians-in-california-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-cultural-smokeless-tobacco-product-use
#5
Arnab Mukherjea, Mary V Modayil, Elisa K Tong
BACKGROUND: Asian Indians (AIs) in the United States exhibit disproportionate burdens of oral cancer and cardiovascular disease, which are potentially linked to smokeless tobacco. However, little is known about the use of cultural smokeless tobacco (CST) products in this population. METHODS: California Asian Indian Tobacco Use Survey data from 2004 (n = 1618) were used to investigate CST prevalence among California's AIs. CST products included paan, paan masala, and gutka...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499688/psychosocial-factors-affecting-resilience-in-nepalese-individuals-with-earthquake-related-spinal-cord-injury-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Muna Bhattarai, Khomapak Maneewat, Wipa Sae-Sia
BACKGROUND: One of many types of injuries following an earthquake is spinal cord injury (SCI) which is a life-long medically complex injury and high-cost health problem. Despite several negative consequences, some persons with SCI are resilient enough to achieve positive adjustment, greater acceptance, and better quality of life. Since resilience is influenced by several factors and can vary by context, it is beneficial to explore factors that affect the resilience of people who sustained spinal cord injury from the 2015 earthquake in Nepal...
March 2, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318435/exploring-the-relationship-between-spiritual-well-being-and-death-anxiety-in-survivors-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-moderating-role-of-sex-marital-status-and-social-support
#7
Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Ken Kyid Yeoh, Bianca Panarello
Previous empirical studies have shown that both spiritual well-being (SWB) and death anxiety (DA) significantly affect the mental health of patients with acute diseases. In this regard, our paper contributes to the extant literature by scrutinizing the conditional relationship between SWB and DA as well as the various mechanisms underpinning such a relationship in patients with acute myocardial infraction (AMI). A descriptive, correlational methodology was utilized. Our main sample consisted of 300 patients with acute myocardial infraction who were hospitalized in a specialized medical institution in Iran throughout a two-month period (i...
April 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299787/spiritual-health-and-outcomes-in-muslim-icu-patients-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#8
Farshid R Bashar, Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Mahmood Salesi, Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili, Seyedpouzhia Shojaei, Behrooz Farzanegan, Reza Goharani, Seyed J Madani, Kivan G Moghaddam, Sevak Hatamian, Hosseinali J Moghaddam, Abilio Arrascaeta-Llanes, Andrew C Miller
The aim of the present study is to describe how religiosity and spirituality affect the psychiatric morbidity of Muslim intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We conducted a prospective nationwide cross-sectional study of ICU patients discharged from 45 medical centers spanning 31 proivinces in Iran. Adults (age ≥ 18 years) admitted to the ICU and treated with invasive mechanical ventilation were eligible. Nine validated survey tools were administered to detect direct and indirect associations between spiritual health (SH) and depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic disorder...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274383/human-body-donation-in-thailand-donors-at-khon-kaen-university
#9
N Techataweewan, C Panthongviriyakul, Y Toomsan, W Mothong, P Kanla, A Chaichun, P Amarttayakong, N Tayles
BACKGROUND: Culture, society and spirituality contribute to variability in the characteristics of human body donors and donation programmes worldwide. The donors and the body donation programme at Khon Kaen University, northeast Thailand, reflect all these aspects of Thailand, including the status accorded to the donors and the ceremonial acknowledgement of the donors and their families. METHODS: Data from the programme records and from surveys of samples of currently registering donors and recently received donor bodies are analysed to define the characteristics of both registering and received donors, including motivation, demography, socio-economic status, health, and use of the bodies...
March 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141626/health-related-quality-of-life-of-hiv-aids-patients-on-highly-active-anti-retroviral-therapy-at-a-university-referral-hospital-in-ethiopia
#10
Abdrrahman Shemsu Surur, Fitsum Sebsibe Teni, Wondwessen Wale, Yihenew Ayalew, Betel Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Highly active antiretroviral therapy improves the longevity of patients living with HIV/AIDS. We conducted the study in order to assess health related quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients and the association of socio-demographic and disease related variables with health related quality of life. METHODS: Health facility based cross-sectional study among 400 HIV/AIDS patients taking highly active anti-retroviral therapy from Gondar University referral hospital was conducted...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131728/yoga-practice-is-associated-with-superior-motor-imagery-performance
#11
Susannah H Hartnoll, T David Punt
Yoga is an activity that aims to integrate physical, mental and spiritual elements and is an increasingly popular approach to enhancing physical fitness. The integration of imagery within yoga practice is considered an important component and may be critical in contributing to the benefits of yoga that have been reported. In this study, we tested whether individuals who practice yoga demonstrate superior performance on an objective measure of implicit motor imagery. Thirty-six participants (18 yoga, 18 non-yoga) matched for age, sex and handedness, undertook the hand laterality recognition task; an objective measure of implicit motor imagery performance...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078801/resilience-or-hope-incremental-and-convergent-validity-of-the-resilience-scale-for-adults-rsa-and-the-herth-hope-scale-hhs-in-the-prediction-of-anxiety-and-depression
#12
Roxanna Morote, Odin Hjemdal, Karolina Krysinska, Patricia Martinez Uribe, Jozef Corveleyn
BACKGROUND: Hope and resilience protect against inner vulnerabilities or harsh life circumstances; they explain individual differences in physical or mental health outcomes under high stress. They have been studied in complementary or competing theoretical frameworks; therefore, the study of measures of hope and resilience should be undertaken prior to explore if they are truly value-added for research. This study investigates the convergent and incremental validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) and the Herth Hope Scale (HHS), in the prediction of anxiety and depression (HSCL-25)...
October 27, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061633/factors-associated-with-quality-of-life-in-elderly-hospitalised-patients-undergoing-post-acute-rehabilitation-a-cross-sectional-analytical-study-in-switzerland
#13
Marc-Antoine Bornet, Eve Rubli Truchard, Etienne Rochat, Jérôme Pasquier, Stéfanie Monod
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether biopsychosocial and spiritual factors and satisfaction with care were associated with patients' perceived quality of life. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional analytical study. SETTING: Data were collected from inpatients at a postacute geriatric rehabilitation centre in a university hospital in Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: Participants aged 65 years and over were consecutively recruited from October 2014 to January 2016...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025820/well-being-of-family-medicine-graduates
#14
Olga Szafran, Wayne Woloschuk, Jacqueline M I Torti, Douglas Myhre
OBJECTIVE: To determine family medicine graduates' professional and personal well-being, general health status, stress levels, coping strategies, and the degree to which they felt supported or isolated in professional life; and to compare findings by sex, practice location, and location of medical school (Canadian medical graduates [CMGs] vs international medical graduates [IMGs]). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University of Alberta in Edmonton and the University of Calgary in Alberta...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025507/development-and-validation-of-the-outcome-expectations-for-yoga-scale
#15
Herpreet Thind, Marie A Sillice, Joseph L Fava, Ryan Lantini, Santina Horowitz, Ernestine Jennings, Rochelle K Rosen, James Carmody, Bruce M Becker, Bess H Marcus, Beth C Bock
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop an instrument that can measure outcome expectations of yoga and to evaluate the instrument for internal consistency and initial construct validity. METHODS: A 20-item scale was developed to assess physical, mental, and spiritual health benefits related to yoga practice among adults. The scale was tested in a baseline survey with adults participating in a clinical trial. Principal component analysis was used to investigate the internal structure of the measure...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982195/validation-of-the-child-and-youth-resilience-measure-among-south-african-adolescents
#16
Kaymarlin Govender, Richard G Cowden, Kwaku Oppong Asante, Gavin George, Candice Reardon
Resilience is a dynamic, interactive process between resources that contribute to safeguarding a person and the adversities they experience. Within this promotional framework of resilience, this study sought to validate the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28) among a sample of South African adolescents (N = 1854). Confirmatory factor analysis supported a superior level of fit for a 24-item, three-factor model (i.e., individual/social, familial, and community/spiritual). Internal consistency and test-retest reliability estimates at a 12-month interval (N = 648) supported the reliability of the scales...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927709/high-spirituality-may-be-associated-with-right-hemispheric-lateralization-in-korean-adults-living-with-epilepsy
#17
Sang-Ahm Lee, Myung-Ah Ko, Eun-Ju Choi, Ji-Ye Jeon, Han Uk Ryu
PURPOSE: Although it is known that epilepsy and spirituality are related, spirituality in epilepsy has received relatively little clinical and scientific attention. Therefore, we investigated which epilepsy-related factors are associated with high spirituality in Korean adults living with epilepsy. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two university hospitals in Korea. Spirituality was assessed using the 6-item Spirituality Self-Rating Scale (SSRS)...
September 15, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767280/yoga-practice-is-associated-with-superior-motor-imagery-performance
#18
Susannah H Hartnoll, T David Punt
Yoga is an activity that aims to integrate physical, mental and spiritual elements and is an increasingly popular approach to enhancing physical fitness. The integration of imagery within yoga practice is considered an important component and may be critical in contributing to the benefits of yoga that have been reported. In this study, we tested whether individuals who practice yoga demonstrate superior performance on an objective measure of implicit motor imagery. Thirty-six participants (18 yoga, 18 nonyoga) matched for age, sex and handedness, undertook the hand laterality recognition task; an objective measure of implicit motor imagery performance...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755518/hymen-protection-and-the-sexual-practices-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-female-university-students-from-lebanon
#19
Faysal El Kak, Noura El Salibi, Rola Yasmine, Lilian Ghandour
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between hymen protection and women's alternative sexual practices, perceptions, and attitudes. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was administered among university students (aged 18-30 years) in Lebanon between April 30 and August 31, 2012. The present analysis focused on female students who had engaged in oral/anal sex. RESULTS: Among 416 included women, 163 (39.3%) reported anal/oral sex to protect their hymen...
November 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699996/quality-of-life-and-religious-spiritual-coping-in-palliative-cancer-care-patients
#20
Ticiane Dionizio de Sousa Matos, Silmara Meneguin, Maria de Lourdes da Silva Ferreira, Helio Amante Miot
Objectives: to compare the quality of life and religious-spiritual coping of palliative cancer care patients with a group of healthy participants; assess whether the perceived quality of life is associated with the religious-spiritual coping strategies; identify the clinical and sociodemographic variables related to quality of life and religious-spiritual coping. Method: cross-sectional study involving 96 palliative outpatient care patient at a public hospital in the interior of the state of São Paulo and 96 healthy volunteers, using a sociodemographic questionnaire, the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Brief Religious-Spiritual Coping scale...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
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