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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131728/yoga-practice-is-associated-with-superior-motor-imagery-performance
#1
Susannah H Hartnoll, T David Punt
Yoga is an activity that aims to integrate physical, mental and spiritual elements and is an increasingly popular approach to enhancing physical fitness. The integration of imagery within yoga practice is considered an important component and may be critical in contributing to the benefits of yoga that have been reported. In this study, we tested whether individuals who practice yoga demonstrate superior performance on an objective measure of implicit motor imagery. Thirty-six participants (18 yoga, 18 non-yoga) matched for age, sex and handedness, undertook the hand laterality recognition task; an objective measure of implicit motor imagery performance...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078801/resilience-or-hope-incremental-and-convergent-validity-of-the-resilience-scale-for-adults-rsa-and-the-herth-hope-scale-hhs-in-the-prediction-of-anxiety-and-depression
#2
Roxanna Morote, Odin Hjemdal, Karolina Krysinska, Patricia Martinez Uribe, Jozef Corveleyn
BACKGROUND: Hope and resilience protect against inner vulnerabilities or harsh life circumstances; they explain individual differences in physical or mental health outcomes under high stress. They have been studied in complementary or competing theoretical frameworks; therefore, the study of measures of hope and resilience should be undertaken prior to explore if they are truly value-added for research. This study investigates the convergent and incremental validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) and the Herth Hope Scale (HHS), in the prediction of anxiety and depression (HSCL-25)...
October 27, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061633/factors-associated-with-quality-of-life-in-elderly-hospitalised-patients-undergoing-post-acute-rehabilitation-a-cross-sectional-analytical-study-in-switzerland
#3
Marc-Antoine Bornet, Eve Rubli Truchard, Etienne Rochat, Jérôme Pasquier, Stéfanie Monod
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether biopsychosocial and spiritual factors and satisfaction with care were associated with patients' perceived quality of life. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional analytical study. SETTING: Data were collected from inpatients at a postacute geriatric rehabilitation centre in a university hospital in Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: Participants aged 65 years and over were consecutively recruited from October 2014 to January 2016...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025820/well-being-of-family-medicine-graduates
#4
Olga Szafran, Wayne Woloschuk, Jacqueline M I Torti, Douglas Myhre
OBJECTIVE: To determine family medicine graduates' professional and personal well-being, general health status, stress levels, coping strategies, and the degree to which they felt supported or isolated in professional life; and to compare findings by sex, practice location, and location of medical school (Canadian medical graduates [CMGs] vs international medical graduates [IMGs]). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University of Alberta in Edmonton and the University of Calgary in Alberta...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025507/development-and-validation-of-the-outcome-expectations-for-yoga-scale
#5
Herpreet Thind, Marie A Sillice, Joseph L Fava, Ryan Lantini, Santina Horowitz, Ernestine Jennings, Rochelle K Rosen, James Carmody, Bruce M Becker, Bess H Marcus, Beth C Bock
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop an instrument that can measure outcome expectations of yoga and to evaluate the instrument for internal consistency and initial construct validity. METHODS: A 20-item scale was developed to assess physical, mental, and spiritual health benefits related to yoga practice among adults. The scale was tested in a baseline survey with adults participating in a clinical trial. Principal component analysis was used to investigate the internal structure of the measure...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982195/validation-of-the-child-and-youth-resilience-measure-among-south-african-adolescents
#6
Kaymarlin Govender, Richard G Cowden, Kwaku Oppong Asante, Gavin George, Candice Reardon
Resilience is a dynamic, interactive process between resources that contribute to safeguarding a person and the adversities they experience. Within this promotional framework of resilience, this study sought to validate the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28) among a sample of South African adolescents (N = 1854). Confirmatory factor analysis supported a superior level of fit for a 24-item, three-factor model (i.e., individual/social, familial, and community/spiritual). Internal consistency and test-retest reliability estimates at a 12-month interval (N = 648) supported the reliability of the scales...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927709/high-spirituality-may-be-associated-with-right-hemispheric-lateralization-in-korean-adults-living-with-epilepsy
#7
Sang-Ahm Lee, Myung-Ah Ko, Eun-Ju Choi, Ji-Ye Jeon, Han Uk Ryu
PURPOSE: Although it is known that epilepsy and spirituality are related, spirituality in epilepsy has received relatively little clinical and scientific attention. Therefore, we investigated which epilepsy-related factors are associated with high spirituality in Korean adults living with epilepsy. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two university hospitals in Korea. Spirituality was assessed using the 6-item Spirituality Self-Rating Scale (SSRS)...
September 15, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767280/yoga-practice-is-associated-with-superior-motor-imagery-performance
#8
Susannah H Hartnoll, T David Punt
Yoga is an activity that aims to integrate physical, mental and spiritual elements and is an increasingly popular approach to enhancing physical fitness. The integration of imagery within yoga practice is considered an important component and may be critical in contributing to the benefits of yoga that have been reported. In this study, we tested whether individuals who practice yoga demonstrate superior performance on an objective measure of implicit motor imagery. Thirty-six participants (18 yoga, 18 nonyoga) matched for age, sex and handedness, undertook the hand laterality recognition task; an objective measure of implicit motor imagery performance...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755518/hymen-protection-and-the-sexual-practices-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-female-university-students-from-lebanon
#9
Faysal El Kak, Noura El Salibi, Rola Yasmine, Lilian Ghandour
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between hymen protection and women's alternative sexual practices, perceptions, and attitudes. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was administered among university students (aged 18-30 years) in Lebanon between April 30 and August 31, 2012. The present analysis focused on female students who had engaged in oral/anal sex. RESULTS: Among 416 included women, 163 (39.3%) reported anal/oral sex to protect their hymen...
November 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699996/quality-of-life-and-religious-spiritual-coping-in-palliative-cancer-care-patients
#10
Ticiane Dionizio de Sousa Matos, Silmara Meneguin, Maria de Lourdes da Silva Ferreira, Helio Amante Miot
Objectives: to compare the quality of life and religious-spiritual coping of palliative cancer care patients with a group of healthy participants; assess whether the perceived quality of life is associated with the religious-spiritual coping strategies; identify the clinical and sociodemographic variables related to quality of life and religious-spiritual coping. Method: cross-sectional study involving 96 palliative outpatient care patient at a public hospital in the interior of the state of São Paulo and 96 healthy volunteers, using a sociodemographic questionnaire, the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Brief Religious-Spiritual Coping scale...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665521/traumatic-stress-in-patients-with-acute-leukemia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Gary Rodin, Amy Deckert, Eryn Tong, Lisa W Le, Anne Rydall, Aaron Schimmer, Charles R Marmar, Chris Lo, Camilla Zimmermann
OBJECTIVE: Acute leukemia (AL) is associated with an immediate threat to life, an unpredictable clinical course, and substantial physical suffering. Traumatic stress symptoms that may meet criteria for acute stress disorder (ASD) may be common and disabling in this context, but have received little clinical attention. We investigated the incidence over time and risk factors for traumatic stress symptoms and ASD in the 3 months following diagnosis or relapse of AL. METHODS: Individuals with AL were recruited at a tertiary cancer centre in Canada within one month of diagnosis or relapse...
June 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662610/-church-hurt-can-be-the-worst-hurt-community-stakeholder-perceptions-of-the-role-of-black-churches-in-hiv-prevention-among-young-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#12
Emily S Pingel, José A Bauermeister
Black gay and bisexual men aged 15-29 are disproportionately represented among new cases of HIV in the USA. Researchers have argued that community-based prevention cannot succeed without the participation of faith-based organisations, particularly given the salience of religion and spirituality in the lives of young Black gay and bisexual men. Yet some Black churches may be hesitant to engage in HIV prevention efforts given their beliefs about same-sex behaviour. It is less clear, however, whether and how public health practitioners in the field of HIV prevention have approached church inclusion...
June 30, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648149/attitudes-to-sexual-health-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-national-survey-of-youth-aged-15-25-years
#13
Matthew Hogben, Christopher Harper, Melissa A Habel, Kathryn Brookmeyer, Allison Friedman
Background: Several common global definitions of sexual health refer to physical, emotional and social well-being, with respect to sexuality, and also to the need for this well-being to be reflected for all individuals in relationships. How well sexual health definitions fit US youths' attitudes to sexual health, and associations between these attitudes, sexual behaviours and sexual health care were assessed. Methods: In total, 4017 youth aged between 15 and 25 years via an online survey panel, weighted to be representative of the US population, were surveyed...
June 26, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575899/effects-of-a-12-month-educational-intervention-on-clinicians-attitudes-practices-regarding-the-screening-spiritual-history
#14
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Alaattin Erkanli, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: Patients' spiritual values, beliefs, and preferences are identified in outpatient medical settings by the taking of a screening spiritual history (SSH). We report the impact of an educational/training program on the attitudes/practices of physicians (MDs) and midlevel practitioners (MLPs). METHODS: A convenience sample of 1082 MDs or MLPs in outpatient practices was approached to participate in a 12-month educational/training program in this single-group experimental study...
June 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472987/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-haemodialysis-in-trinidad-a-descriptive-study
#15
Mandreker Bahall
BACKGROUND: Despite the paucity of scientific evidence, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used for the prevention and treatment of illness, holistic care, and counteracting the adverse effects of conventional medicine (CM). This study investigates the use of CAM by patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on haemodialysis. METHODS: This quantitative study was conducted from November 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014 in the haemodialysis unit at San Fernando General Hospital (San Fernando, Trinidad)...
May 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319751/spirituality-religiosity-substance-use-and-hiv-testing-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Adam W Carrico, Erik David Storholm, Annesa Flentje, Emily A Arnold, Lance M Pollack, Torsten B Neilands, Gregory M Rebchook, John L Peterson, Agatha Eke, Wayne Johnson, Susan M Kegeles
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and religiosity may serve as both a resource and a barrier to HIV prevention with young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). We examined indices of spirituality/religiosity as correlates of binge drinking, stimulant use, and recent HIV testing in a sample of YBMSM. METHODS: From 2011-2013, annual venue-based surveys of sexually active YBMSM ages 18-29 were conducted in Dallas and Houston, Texas. Binge drinking and stimulant use were assessed in the past two months...
May 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274222/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-health-care-providers-regarding-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-trinidad-and-tobago
#17
Mandreker Bahall, George Legall
BACKGROUND: Health care providers are often ill prepared to interact about or make acceptable conclusions on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) despite its widespread use. We explored the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health care providers regarding CAM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 1 and July 31, 2015 among health care providers working mainly in the public sector in Trinidad and Tobago. A 34-item questionnaire was distributed and used for data collection...
March 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213630/religious-coping-with-sexual-stigma-in-young-adults-with-same-sex-attractions
#18
Shauna K Lauricella, Russell E Phillips, Eric F Dubow
The present study assessed religious coping with sexual stigma in 260 young adults with same-sex attractions. Although the majority of the sample rarely utilized religious coping, a significant minority of participants frequently turned to religion to deal with sexual stigma. Controlling for demographic and general religious variables, positive religious coping (e.g., connecting with God) was associated with beneficial outcomes, and negative religious coping (e.g., frustrations with one's spiritual community) related to poorer adjustment to sexual stigma...
August 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028660/sex-specific-impact-of-spiritual-beliefs-and-sleep-quality-on-degree-of-psychological-distress
#19
Adam P Knowlden, Meghan E Shewmake, Maranda Burns, Andy Harcrow
The purpose of this study was to test a set of hypotheses suggesting sleep quality and spiritual beliefs differed according to degree of psychological distress and biological sex. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index measured sleep quality, the Beliefs and Values Scale measured spiritual beliefs, and the Kessler-6 Psychological Distress Scale measured distress. A factorial MANOVA tested the model. Higher sleep quality and greater spiritual beliefs were associated with lower levels of distress. Women exhibited lower sleep quality than men, whereas spiritual beliefs were equivalent between sexes...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012114/differential-effects-of-family-structure-on-religion-and-spirituality-of-emerging-adult-males-and-females
#20
Paul J Handal, John W Lace
This study examined measures of religion and spirituality in a sample of male and female emerging adult college students whose parents were either divorced or intact using the Personal Religious Inventory, the Duke University Religion Index, the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale, the Spiritual Transcendence Scale, and the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale. Data were collected online, and 66% of participants received extra credit for participating. A main effect of sex was found, as females reported significantly higher scores than men on all but one measure of religion and spirituality, and the dataset was separated by sex...
August 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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