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Sex and spirituality

Adam W Carrico, Erik David Storholm, Annesa Flentje, Emily A Arnold, Lance M Pollack, Torsten B Neilands, Gregory M Rebchook, John L Peterson, Agatha Eke, Wayne Johnson, Susan M Kegeles
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and religiosity may serve as both a resource and a barrier to HIV prevention with young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). We examined indices of spirituality/religiosity as correlates of binge drinking, stimulant use, and recent HIV testing in a sample of YBMSM. METHODS: From 2011-2013, annual venue-based surveys of sexually active YBMSM ages 18-29 were conducted in Dallas and Houston, Texas. Binge drinking and stimulant use were assessed in the past two months...
May 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Mandreker Bahall, George Legall
BACKGROUND: Health care providers are often ill prepared to interact about or make acceptable conclusions on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) despite its widespread use. We explored the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health care providers regarding CAM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 1 and July 31, 2015 among health care providers working mainly in the public sector in Trinidad and Tobago. A 34-item questionnaire was distributed and used for data collection...
March 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Shauna K Lauricella, Russell E Phillips, Eric F Dubow
The present study assessed religious coping with sexual stigma in 260 young adults with same-sex attractions. Although the majority of the sample rarely utilized religious coping, a significant minority of participants frequently turned to religion to deal with sexual stigma. Controlling for demographic and general religious variables, positive religious coping (e.g., connecting with God) was associated with beneficial outcomes, and negative religious coping (e.g., frustrations with one's spiritual community) related to poorer adjustment to sexual stigma...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
Adam P Knowlden, Meghan E Shewmake, Maranda Burns, Andy Harcrow
The purpose of this study was to test a set of hypotheses suggesting sleep quality and spiritual beliefs differed according to degree of psychological distress and biological sex. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index measured sleep quality, the Beliefs and Values Scale measured spiritual beliefs, and the Kessler-6 Psychological Distress Scale measured distress. A factorial MANOVA tested the model. Higher sleep quality and greater spiritual beliefs were associated with lower levels of distress. Women exhibited lower sleep quality than men, whereas spiritual beliefs were equivalent between sexes...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Paul J Handal, John W Lace
This study examined measures of religion and spirituality in a sample of male and female emerging adult college students whose parents were either divorced or intact using the Personal Religious Inventory, the Duke University Religion Index, the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale, the Spiritual Transcendence Scale, and the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale. Data were collected online, and 66% of participants received extra credit for participating. A main effect of sex was found, as females reported significantly higher scores than men on all but one measure of religion and spirituality, and the dataset was separated by sex...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Safiya George Dalmida, Natasha Aduloju-Ajijola, Dora Clayton-Jones, Tami L Thomas, Ricardo J Erazo Toscano, Rashunda Lewis, Terri Fleming, Shirley Taylor, Macie Lunyong
INTRODUCTION: African American (AA) high school-age girls are more likely to have had sex before age 13 years and have higher rates of all sexually transmitted infections. Cognition and religion/spirituality are associated with adolescent sexuality, therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify cognitive and religious substrates of AA girls' risky sexual behaviors. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted with 65 AA girls aged 15 to 20 years using computerized questionnaires and cognitive function tasks...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Marjan Faghih, Hadi Raeisi Shahraki, Ahmad Ghanizadeh, Seyyed Mohhamad Taghi Ayatollahi
The effect of lovastatin plus fluoxetine on depression has been investigated in many studies, but ignoring other effective factors has decreased the accuracy of the results. The aim of this study was to assess the simultaneous effect of lovastatin plus fluoxetine on depression while controlling a large number of potential covariates using penalized linear mixed model in a longitudinal study. 60 patients with major depressive disorder according to DSM-IV diagnostic criteria were enrolled. The sample was randomly allocated into fluoxetine (up to 40 mg/day) plus lovastatin (30 mg/day) group and fluoxetine (up to 40 mg/day) plus placebo group...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Christopher P Plant, Brad Donohue, Jason M Holland
There is evidence to suggest mothers who are served by child protective service agencies are relatively dissatisfied in their lives, leading some investigators to conclude life dissatisfaction may be associated with child maltreatment. To assist in better understanding this relationship the Life Satisfaction Scale for Caregivers (LSSC) was psychometrically developed in a sample of 72 mothers who were referred for behavioral treatment for child neglect and substance abuse by caseworkers from a local child protective service agency...
September 2016: Applied Research in Quality of Life
Rosalinda Ramirez Jimenez
This is a reflective analysis on the lived experience of a medical mission in a third world country, where young women are abused and trafficked for sex. Practices of Scripture study, Lectio Divina, and contemplative prayer enabled me to deal with the spiritual darkness we encountered. Opening a dialogue with community members to view males and females in a different manner and battling alongside the local mission and ministers against sex trafficking, are not easy tasks. The perseverance found in the Bible gives us hope to be witnesses and healers in our broken world, and a small part in change that can take root with prayer...
October 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Bo Song, Cunling Yan, Yuanlong Lin, Fuxiang Wang, Limei Wang
BACKGROUND China is undergoing a rapid growth in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic involving men who have sex with men (MSM). Reports about their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are scarce. This study aimed to assess the HRQOL and factors influencing HIV-positive MSM in a city in the northeast of China. MATERIAL AND METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in Harbin city (Heilongjiang, China). HIV-positive MSM (n=125) were interviewed using the WHOQOL-HIV-BRIEF scale, the Berger HIV Stigma Scale, and other HIV-related questionnaires from June to August 2013...
August 14, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Farnoosh Safavifar, Mehrdad Eftekhar, Kaveh Alavi, Reza Negarandeh, Amir Hossein Jalali, Maryam Eftekhar
BACKGROUND: Gender identity disorder and its treatment with sex reassignment surgery is a profound experience, which can affect the mental, interpersonal, social and religious aspects of one's life. METHODS: This was a qualitative content analysis study focusing on the various dimensions of the experiences of seven patients suffering from gender identity disorder in a female-to-male subgroup. This study presents a report concerning the religious aspects of their experience...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Maryam Ameri, Kamran Aghakhani, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Ebrahim Ameri, Azadeh Memarian
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic injury including fractures of limbs, hip or spine or the injuries of soft tissue, muscles, ligaments and tendons lesions are the most common traumatic injuries these days, and impose a significant material and spiritual cost to the communities every year. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relation between injuries and the mechanism of injuries and gender. METHODS: In these studies 2480 patients with mean age of 29.9±17.8 referred to Shafa Yahyaeian Hospital in Tehran, Iran were participated...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Dionne Gesink, Lana Whiskeyjack, Terri Suntjens, Alanna Mihic, Priscilla McGilvery
STI rates are high for First Nations in Canada and the United States. Our objective was to understand the context, issues, and beliefs around high STI rates from a nêhiyaw (Cree) perspective. Twenty-two in-depth interviews were conducted with 25 community participants between March 1, 2011 and May 15, 2011. Interviews were conducted by community researchers and grounded in the Cree values of relationship, sharing, personal agency and relational accountability. A diverse purposive snowball sample of community members were asked why they thought STI rates were high for the community...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Sabine Lang
People living in the role of the "other" sex in Native American cultures, often entering into same-sex relationships, have been subject to various anthropological, historical, and psychological analyses and interpretations. Most recently, there has been a shift to an indigenist/decolonial interdisciplinary focus on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer Native people. This article gives a discussion of approaches to the subject, with a focus on female gender variability. An overview is given of the latter, complemented by a discussion of the identities and concerns of contemporary Native lesbians, many of whom identify as "two-spirit," a term that alludes to the dual, spiritually powerful nature traditionally attributed in a number of Native American cultures to individuals who combine the feminine and masculine...
July 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Marvin O Delgado-Guay, Alfredo Rodriguez-Nunez, Vera De la Cruz, Susan Frisbee-Hume, Janet Williams, Jimin Wu, Diane Liu, Michael J Fisch, Eduardo Bruera
CONTEXT: Conversations about end-of-life (EOL) wishes are challenging for many clinicians. The Go Wish card game (GWG) was developed to facilitate these conversations. Little is known about the type and consistency of EOL wishes using the GWG in advanced cancer patients. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the EOL wishes of 100 patients with advanced cancer treated at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The purpose of this study was to determine the EOL wishes of patients with advanced cancer and to compare patients' preference between the GWG and List of wishes/statements (LOS) containing the same number of items...
October 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Kate Brizzi, Sonam Deki, Lhab Tshering, Sarah J Clark, Damber K Nirola, Bryan N Patenaude, Erica D McKenzie, Hannah C McLane, Sydney S Cash, Chencho Dorji, Farrah J Mateen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of epilepsy among healthcare workers (HCWs) and people with epilepsy (PWE) living in Bhutan. METHODS: A survey with similar questions was distributed to HCWs and PWE (2014-2015). Responses were compared between the two groups. A Stigma Scale in Epilepsy Score was tested for an independent association with patient age, sex, years of education and presence of seizure freedom using regression models. RESULTS: PWE (n=177), when compared to HCWs (n=75), were more likely to believe that epilepsy is contagious; epilepsy results from karma or past actions; PWE need help in school; and people with epilepsy have spiritual powers (p<0...
July 2016: International Health
C Morgan, S John, O Esan, M Hibben, V Patel, H Weiss, R M Murray, G Hutchinson, O Gureje, R Thara, A Cohen
BACKGROUND: There are striking global inequities in our knowledge of the incidence, aetiology, and outcome of psychotic disorders. For example, only around 10% of research on incidence of psychotic disorders originates in low- and middle-income countries. We established INTREPID I to develop, implement, and evaluate, in sites in India (Chengalpet), Nigeria (Ibadan), and Trinidad (Tunapuna-Piarco), methods for identifying and recruiting untreated cases of psychosis, as a basis for investigating incidence and, subsequently, risk factors, phenomenology, and outcome...
July 2016: Psychological Medicine
James McTavish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Linacre Quarterly
Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Nicole M Fava, Melissa A Saftner, Cynthia S Darling-Fisher, Nutrena H Tate, Sarah A Stoddard, Kristy K Martyn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Research on Arab-Americans as a distinct ethnic group is limited, especially when considering the health of Arab-American youth. This study describes health risk (substance use, violence); health promotive behaviors (hope, spirituality); and sexual activity (oral, vaginal, anal sex) of Arab-American adolescents and emerging adults (aged 15-23) within their life context, as well as the association between these behaviors. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data on a subset of Arab-American participants obtained from a randomized-control trial was utilized to conduct mixed methods analyses...
September 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Irina Iles, Bradley Boekeloo, Anita Atwell Seate, Sylvia Quinton
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship of spirituality and religiosity with sexual behavioral self-efficacy in predicting recent unprotected sex in a sample of adult women, predominantly comprised of African Americans. METHODS: Data were collected from a sample of 171 adult women via a paper-and-pencil questionnaire. We conducted a path analysis to test the proposed relationships. RESULTS: An increase in both religiosity and spirituality predicted a decrease in number of types of recent unprotected sex, indirectly through sexual behavior self-efficacy...
March 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
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