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Multiple criteria support analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307066/prevention-of-landfill-pollution-by-multicriteria-spatial-decision-support-systems-mc-sdss-development-implementation-and-case-study
#1
Afshin Khoshand, Ali Hasani Bafrani, Mohammad Zahedipour, Seyed Ahmad Mirbagheri, Majid Ehtehsami
Landfilling of municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the serious environmental concerns as improper location of MSW landfill site can release the pollutants into the surrounding environment. The process of selecting MSW landfill site is a complicated decision making problem since it is subjected to simultaneous assessment of several environmental criteria, rules, and restrictions besides sociocultural and economic ones. The current study suggests a framework based on Multicriteria spatial decision support systems (MC-SDSS) to select landfill site...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306881/interventions-to-improve-screening-and-appropriate-referral-of-patients-with-cancer-for-psychosocial-distress-systematic-review
#2
Kristen McCarter, Ben Britton, Amanda L Baker, Sean A Halpin, Alison K Beck, Gregory Carter, Chris Wratten, Judith Bauer, Erin Forbes, Debbie Booth, Luke Wolfenden
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the review was to determine the effectiveness of strategies to improve clinician provision of psychosocial distress screening and referral of patients with cancer. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL)) were searched until July 2016. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Population: adult patients with cancer and clinical staff members...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287769/guidelines-for-the-conduct-of-pharmacological-clinical-trials-in-hand-osteoarthritis-consensus-of-a-working-group-of-the-european-society-on-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-osteoporosis-osteoarthritis-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-esceo
#3
REVIEW
Jean-Yves L Reginster, Nigel K Arden, Ida K Haugen, Francois Rannou, Etienne Cavalier, Olivier Bruyère, Jaime Branco, Roland Chapurlat, Sabine Collaud Basset, Nasser M Al-Daghri, Elaine M Dennison, Gabriel Herrero-Beaumont, Andrea Laslop, Burkhard F Leeb, Stefania Maggi, Ouafa Mkinsi, Anton S Povzun, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Thierry Thomas, Daniel Uebelhart, Nicola Veronese, Cyrus Cooper
OBJECTIVES: To gather expert opinion on the conduct of clinical trials that will facilitate regulatory review and approval of appropriate efficacious pharmacological treatments for hand osteoarthritis (OA), an area of high unmet clinical need. METHODS: The European Society on Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal diseases (ESCEO) organized a working group under the auspices of the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) and the World Health Organization (WHO)...
December 7, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284813/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-among-clinically-stable-people-living-with-hiv-aids-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#4
Sharanabasappa Algoodkar, Ajithkumar Kidangazhiathmana, P P Rejani, K S Shaji
Background: Individuals with HIV/AIDS are prone for psychiatric/psychological morbidities. Many studies have reported significantly higher prevalence of depression in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA's) when compared to general population. However, there are only very few studies looking at the prevalence of depression in patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Objectives: To estimate the prevalance and factors associated with depression among clinically stable PLWHAs...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284538/use-of-programme-theory-to-understand-the-differential-effects-of-interventions-across-socio-economic-groups-in-systematic-reviews-a-systematic-methodology-review
#5
Michelle Maden, Alex Cunliffe, Naoimh McMahon, Andrew Booth, Gina Michelle Carey, Suzy Paisley, Rumona Dickson, Mark Gabbay
BACKGROUND: Systematic review guidance recommends the use of programme theory to inform considerations of if and how healthcare interventions may work differently across socio-economic status (SES) groups. This study aimed to address the lack of detail on how reviewers operationalise this in practice. METHODS: A methodological systematic review was undertaken to assess if, how and the extent to which systematic reviewers operationalise the guidance on the use of programme theory in considerations of socio-economic inequalities in health...
December 29, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282641/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-intervention-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-a-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-on-neuropsychological-measures
#6
REVIEW
Dale S Sherman, Justin Mauser, Miriam Nuno, Dean Sherzai
Cognitive training in MCI may stimulate pre-existing neural reserves or recruit neural circuitry as "compensatory scaffolding" prompting neuroplastic reorganization to meet task demands (Reuter-Lorenz & Park, 2014). However, existing systematic reviews and meta-analytic studies exploring the benefits of cognitive interventions in MCI have been mixed. An updated examination regarding the efficacy of cognitive intervention in MCI is needed given improvements in adherence to MCI diagnostic criteria in subject selection, better defined interventions and strategies applied, increased use of neuropsychological measures pre- and post-intervention, as well as identification of moderator variables which may influence treatment...
December 27, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236560/examining-the-nature-of-interprofessional-practice-an-initial-framework-validation-and-creation-of-the-interprofessional-activity-classification-tool-interpact
#7
Andreas Xyrichis, Scott Reeves, Merrick Zwarenstein
The practice of, and research on interprofessional working in healthcare, commonly referred to as teamwork, has been growing rapidly. This has attracted international policy support flowing from the growing belief that patient safety and quality of care can only be achieved through the collective effort of the multiple professionals caring for a given patient. Despite the increasing policy support, the evidence for effectiveness lags behind: while there are supporting analytic epidemiological studies, few reliable intervention studies have been published and so we have yet to confirm a causal link...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232275/complex-decision-making-in-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-analysis
#8
Aimee V Hamel, Joseph E Gaugler, Carolyn M Porta, Niloufar Niakosari Hadidi
BACKGROUND: Heart failure follows a highly variable and difficult course. Patients face complex decisions, including treatment with implantable cardiac defibrillators, mechanical circulatory support, and heart transplantation. The course of decision-making across multiple treatments is unclear yet integral to providing informed and shared decision-making. Recognizing commonalities across treatment decisions could help nurses and physicians to identify opportunities to introduce discussions and support shared decision-making...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212551/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-life-threatening-asthma-refractory-to-mechanical-ventilation-analysis-of-the-extracorporeal-life-support-organization-registry
#9
Hye Ju Yeo, Dohyung Kim, Doosoo Jeon, Yun Seong Kim, Peter Rycus, Woo Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in cases of near-fatal asthma (NFA) has increased, but the benefits and potential complications of this therapy have yet to be fully investigated. METHODS: Cases were extracted from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry between March 1992 and March 2016. All patients with a diagnosis of asthma (according to the International Classification of Diseases 9th edition), who also received ECMO, were extracted...
December 6, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203048/a-review-of-the-management-of-loss-of-pregnancy-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Brittany E Punches, Kimberly D Johnson, Gordon L Gillespie, Shauna A Acquavita, Dianne M Felblinger
INTRODUCTION: Women frequently seek ED care for complications in early pregnancy, including loss of pregnancy. This review evaluates the current literature and discusses the care of patients experiencing loss of pregnancy in the emergency department. METHODS: A review of pertinent studies identified through multiple database searches was conducted to determine the existing body of knowledge for the care of ED patients diagnosed with loss of pregnancy. Each of the studies was examined for inclusion criteria and a subsequent analysis of the included studies identified themes related to the care of the women...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176956/meta-analysis-of-the-age-dependent-efficacy-of-multiple-sclerosis-treatments
#11
Ann Marie Weideman, Marco Aurelio Tapia-Maltos, Kory Johnson, Mark Greenwood, Bibiana Bielekova
Objective: To perform a meta-analysis of randomized, blinded, multiple sclerosis (MS) clinical trials, to test the hypothesis that efficacy of immunomodulatory disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) on MS disability progression is strongly dependent on age. Methods: We performed a literature search with pre-defined criteria and extracted relevant features from 38 clinical trials that assessed efficacy of DMTs on disability progression. We fit a linear regression, weighted for trial sample size, and duration, to examine the hypothesis that age has a defining effect on the therapeutic efficacy of immunomodulatory DMTs...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176800/disentangling-self-management-goal-setting-and-action-planning-a-scoping-review
#12
Stephanie Anna Lenzen, Ramon Daniëls, Marloes Amantia van Bokhoven, Trudy van der Weijden, Anna Beurskens
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing rise in the numbers of chronically ill people necessitates efforts for effective self-management. Goal setting and action planning are frequently used, as they are thought to support patients in changing their behavior. However, it remains unclear how goal setting and action planning in the context of self-management are defined in the scientific literature. This study aimed to achieve a better understanding of the various definitions used. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted, searching PubMed, Cinahl, PsychINFO and Cochrane...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172624/parenting-behaviors-and-the-well-being-of-children-with-a-chronic-physical-condition
#13
Jamie L Crandell, Margarete Sandelowski, Jennifer Leeman, Nancy L Havill, Kathleen Knafl
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have identified the importance of parenting behaviors to the well-being of children with chronic physical conditions. Synthesizing the findings of these studies has potential to identify which parenting behaviors are associated with specific aspects of child well-being. METHOD: We retrieved research reports addressing the relationship between parenting behaviors and well-being in children with chronic physical conditions, and categorized parenting behaviors based on Skinner, Johnson, and Snyder's (2005) core dimensions of parenting (warmth, rejection, structure, chaos, autonomy support, and coercion) Through meta-analysis, we examined relationships between parenting dimension and child well-being variables...
November 27, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142047/multi-center-evaluation-of-the-vitek-ms-v3-0-system-for-the-identification-of-filamentous-fungi
#14
Jenna Rychert, E Sue Slechta, Adam P Barker, Edwin Miranda, N Esther Babady, Yi-Wei Tang, Connie Gibas, Nathan Wiederhold, DeAnna Sutton, Kimberly E Hanson
Invasive fungal infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality affecting primarily immunocompromised patients. While fungal identification to the species level is critical to providing appropriate therapy, it can be slow, laborious, and often relies on subjective morphologic criteria. The use of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry has the potential to speed up and improve the accuracy of identification. In this multi-center study, we evaluated the accuracy of the VITEK® MS v3.0 system in identifying 1,601 clinical mold isolates as compared to identification by DNA sequence analysis and supported by morphologic and phenotypic testing...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122796/association-between-organisational-and-workplace-cultures-and-patient-outcomes-systematic-review
#15
Jeffrey Braithwaite, Jessica Herkes, Kristiana Ludlow, Luke Testa, Gina Lamprell
DESIGN AND OBJECTIVES: Every organisation has a unique culture. There is a widely held view that a positive organisational culture is related to positive patient outcomes. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses statement, we systematically reviewed and synthesised the evidence on the extent to which organisational and workplace cultures are associated with patient outcomes. SETTING: A variety of healthcare facilities, including hospitals, general practices, pharmacies, military hospitals, aged care facilities, mental health and other healthcare contexts...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117789/nlrp3-polymorphisms-and-response-to-interferon-beta-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#16
Sunny Malhotra, Melissa Sorosina, Jordi Río, Silvia Peroni, Luciana Midaglia, Luisa M Villar, José C Álvarez-Cermeño, Ina Schroeder, Federica Esposito, Ferdinando Clarelli, Uwe K Zettl, Jeannette Lechner-Scott, Nino Spataro, Arcadi Navarro, Giancarlo Comi, Xavier Montalban, Filippo Martinelli-Boneschi, Manuel Comabella
We aimed to investigate whether NLR family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) polymorphisms are associated with the response to interferon-beta (IFNβ) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. A total of 14 NLRP3 polymorphisms were genotyped in a cohort of 665 relapsing-remitting MS patients recruited across 5 centers and classified into responders and non-responders according to clinical-radiological criteria after 1 year of IFNβ treatment. A meta-analysis failed to demonstrate significant associations between the response to IFNβ and NLRP3 polymorphisms...
November 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113522/who-uses-apps-in-health-promotion-a-target-group-analysis-of-leaders
#17
Anita Bregenzer, Verena Wagner-Hartl, Paul Jiménez
User characteristics should be considered when designing features for e-health or m-health applications, as the developed solution should aim to support this specific target group. This study explores the effect of user characteristics (personality, health state, stress/recovery state, leadership behavior) on the interest and likelihood of using an app for health promotion activities at the workplace. Leaders are a key factor for the success of workplace health promotion; therefore, the target group of this study are leaders...
November 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081919/utilization-of-multiple-criteria-decision-analysis-mcda-to-support-healthcare-decision-making-fifarma-2016
#18
Julia I Drake, Juan Carlos Trujillo de Hart, Clara Monleón, Walter Toro, Joice Valentim
Background and objectives:   MCDA is a decision-making tool with increasing use in the healthcare sector, including HTA (Health Technology Assessment). By applying multiple criteria, including innovation, in a comprehensive, structured and explicit manner, MCDA fosters a transparent, participative, consistent decision-making process taking into consideration values of all stakeholders. This paper by FIFARMA (Latin American Federation of Pharmaceutical Industry) proposes the deliberative (partial) MCDA as a more pragmatic, agile approach, especially when newly implemented...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076244/intersecting-disadvantage-unpacking-poor-outcomes-within-early-intervention-in-psychosis-services
#19
Nev Jones, Julia Godzikovskaya, Zhen Zhao, Anthony Vasquez, Al Gilbert, Larry Davidson
AIM: In order to strengthen specialized early intervention in psychosis (EIP) services, a contextually nuanced understanding of psychosocial forces driving suboptimal treatment response is critical. This study sought to examine factors driving poor outcomes through a systematic emic coding of psychosocial assessments for discharged EIP clients categorized as leaving with all treatment goals met (AG) or no treatment goals met (NG). METHODS: Psychosocial assessments at baseline, 1 year, 2 years and discharge were extracted from an EIP research registry and systematically coded...
October 27, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075125/conduits-to-care-call-lights-and-patients-perceptions-of-communication
#20
Mary Montie, Clayton Shuman, Jose Galinato, Lance Patak, Christine A Anderson, Marita G Titler
BACKGROUND: Call light systems remain the primary means of hospitalized patients to initiate communication with their health care providers. Although there is vast amounts of literature discussing patient communication with their health care providers, few studies have explored patients' perceptions concerning call light use and communication. The specific aim of this study was to solicit patients' perceptions regarding their call light use and communication with nursing staff. METHODS: Patients invited to this study met the following inclusion criteria: proficient in English, been hospitalized for at least 24 hours, aged ≥21 years, and able to communicate verbally (eg, not intubated)...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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