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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221059/emotion-focused-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-results-from-a-multiple-baseline-study
#1
Ben Shahar, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eve Alon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for adults suffering from social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHOD: Using a nonconcurrent multiple-baseline design, 12 patients (mean age = 26.75 years, SD = 5.15; 7 males) meeting criteria for SAD were treated with up to 28 sessions of EFT. EFT was based on an empathic relationship, 2-chair work for self-criticism, empty-chair work for unresolved feelings, and focusing...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220905/mobile-phone-use-and-risk-for-intracranial-tumors-and-salivary-gland-tumors-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Alicja Bortkiewicz, Elżbieta Gadzicka, Wiesław Szymczak
Results of epidemiological studies on the association between use of mobile phone and brain cancer are ambiguous, as well as the results of 5 meta-analysis studies published to date. Since the last meta-analysis (2009), new case-control studies have been published, which theoretically could affect the conclusions on this relationship. Therefore, we decided to perform a new meta-analysis. We conducted a systematic review of multiple electronic data bases for relevant publications. The inclusion criteria were: original papers, case-control studies, published till the end of March 2014, measures of association (point estimates as odds ratio and confidence interval of the effect measured), data on individual exposure...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219882/incident-myocardial-infarction-associated-with-major-types-of-arthritis-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Orit Schieir, Cedomir Tosevski, Richard H Glazier, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Elizabeth M Badley
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise, quantify and compare risks for incident myocardial infarction (MI) across five major types of arthritis in population-based studies. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases with additional manual/hand searches for population-based cohort or case-control studies published in English of French between January 1980 and January 2015 with a measure of effect and variance for associations between incident MI and five major types of arthritis: rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), gout or osteoarthritis (OA), adjusted for at least age and sex...
February 20, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184380/implementation-of-interprofessional-education-ipe-in-16-u-s-medical-schools-common-practices-barriers-and-facilitators
#4
Courtney West, Lori Graham, Ryan T Palmer, Marissa Fuqua Miller, Erin K Thayer, Margaret L Stuber, Linda Awdishu, Rachel A Umoren, Maria A Wamsley, Elizabeth A Nelson, Pablo A Joo, James W Tysinger, Paul George, Patricia A Carney
BACKGROUND: Enhanced patient outcomes and accreditation criteria have led schools to integrate interprofessional education (IPE). While several studies describe IPE curricula at individual institutions, few examine practices across multiple institutions. PURPOSE: To examine the IPE integration at different institutions and determine gaps where there is potential for improvement. METHOD: In this mixed methods study, we obtained survey results from 16 U...
September 2016: J Interprof Educ Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168878/network-marker-selection-for-untargeted-lc-ms-metabolomics-data
#5
Qingpo Cai, Jessica A Alvarez, Jian Kang, Tianwei Yu
Untargeted metabolomics using high-resolution liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry (LC-MS) is becoming one of the major areas of high-throughput biology. Functional analysis, i.e. analyzing the data based on metabolic pathways or the genome-scale metabolic network, is critical in feature selection and interpretation of metabolomics data. One of the main challenges in the functional analyses is the lack of the feature identity in the LC-MS data itself. By matching mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) values of the features to theoretical values derived from known metabolites, some features can be matched to one or more known metabolites...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168841/quality-of-life-among-the-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-terminal-cancer-at-home-in-japan
#6
Eriko Ito, Etsuko Tadaka
AIM: To identify the associated factors of quality of life (QOL) among the family caregivers of patients with terminal cancer at home. METHODS: The design was an epidemiological study with self-administered questionnaires by mail. Date collection was carried out in the Tokyo Metropolitan, Tochigi, Ibaraki, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa, Nara, Hyogo, Kagawa, Ehime, and Saga prefectures in Japan. The participants who met the criteria for the present study were 262 family caregivers...
February 6, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166234/a-systematic-review-of-medication-non-adherence-in-persons-with-dementia-or-cognitive-impairment
#7
Daisy Smith, Janaka Lovell, Carolina Weller, Briohny Kennedy, Margaret Winbolt, Carmel Young, Joseph Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Adherence to medication is vital for disease management while simultaneously reducing healthcare expenditure. Older persons with cognitive impairment (CI) are at risk for non-adherence as cognitive processes are needed to manage medications. This systematic review focuses on the relationship between medication non-adherence and specific cognitive domains in persons with CI, and explores determinants of medication non-adherence. When available, relationships and factors are compared with cognitively intact populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153376/predictors-of-postoperative-outcomes-of-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-treatments-using-multiple-logistic-regression-analysis
#8
Taku Suzuki, Takuji Iwamoto, Kanae Shizu, Katsuji Suzuki, Harumoto Yamada, Kazuki Sato
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study was designed to investigate prognostic factors for postoperative outcomes for cubital tunnel syndrome (CubTS) using multiple logistic regression analysis with a large number of patients. METHODS: Eighty-three patients with CubTS who underwent surgeries were enrolled. The following potential prognostic factors for disease severity were selected according to previous reports: sex, age, type of surgery, disease duration, body mass index, cervical lesion, presence of diabetes mellitus, Workers' Compensation status, preoperative severity, and preoperative electrodiagnostic testing...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150291/presence-of-multiple-coronary-angiographic-characteristics-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-coronary-thrombus
#9
Alok R Amraotkar, Shahab Ghafghazi, Patrick J Trainor, Charles W Hargis, Affan B Irfan, Shesh N Rai, Aruni Bhatnagar, Andrew P DeFilippis
BACKGROUND: Coronary angiography is frequently employed to aid in the diagnosis of acute coronary thrombosis, but there is limited data to support its efficacy. The aim of the study was to evaluate sensitivity and specificity of five commonly used angiographic characteristics for diagnosis of acute coronary thrombosis: Ambrose complex lesion morphology; spherical, ovoid, or irregular filling defect; abrupt vessel cutoff; intraluminal staining; and any coronary filling defect. METHODS: Coronary angiography of 80 acute myocardial infarction or stable coronary artery disease subjects were assessed in blinded fashion, for the presence or absence of five angiographic characteristics...
February 2, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128439/second-line-systemic-therapy-for-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Simone Mocellin, Zora Baretta, Marta Roqué I Figuls, Ivan Solà, Marta Martin-Richard, Sara Hallum, Xavier Bonfill Cosp
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic management of people with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) who did not respond to first-line treatment represents a formidable challenge. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and toxicity of second-line systemic therapy in people with metastatic CRC. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library 2016, Issue 4), Ovid MEDLINE (1950 to May 2016), Ovid MEDLINE In-process & Other Non-Indexed Citations (1946 to May 2016) and Ovid Embase (1974 to May 2016)...
January 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113707/ula-op-256-a-256-channel-open-scanner-for-development-and-real-time-implementation-of-new-ultrasound-methods
#11
E Boni, L Bassi, A Dallai, F Guidi, V Meacci, A Ramalli, S Ricci, P Tortoli
Open scanners offer an increasing support to the ultrasound researchers who are involved in the experimental test of novel methods. Each system presents specific performance in terms of number of channels, flexibility, processing power, data storage capability and overall dimensions. This paper reports the design criteria and hardware/software implementation details of a new 256-channel ULtrasound Advanced Open Platform (ULA-OP 256). This system is organized in a modular architecture including multiple front-end boards, interconnected by a high-speed (80 Gbit/s) ring, capable of finely controlling all transmit and receive signals...
May 11, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103969/-analysis-on-the-prognostic-and-survival-factors-of-synchronous-multiple-primary-lung-cancer
#12
Haifa Guo, Feng Mao, Hui Zhang, Yangbo Qiu, Yang Shen-Tu
BACKGROUND: Synchronous multiple primary lung cancer (sMPLC) is a sparse disease in the past, but there has been a gradual increase in the morbidity of sMPLC recently. However, studies on large sample have never been undertaken. The purpose of this study is to investigate the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of sMPLC through analyzing the clinical data, and provide supports for the management of sMPLC. METHODS: According to Martini-Melamed criteria, 357 patients were diagnosed sMPLC...
January 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101333/behaviour-change-interventions-to-influence-antimicrobial-prescribing-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-reports-from-uk-state-of-the-art-scientific-conferences
#13
T M Rawson, L S P Moore, A M Tivey, A Tsao, M Gilchrist, E Charani, A H Holmes
BACKGROUND: To improve the quality of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions the application of behavioural sciences supported by multidisciplinary collaboration has been recommended. We analysed major UK scientific research conferences to investigate AMS behaviour change intervention reporting. METHODS: Leading UK 2015 scientific conference abstracts for 30 clinical specialties were identified and interrogated. All AMS and/or antimicrobial resistance(AMR) abstracts were identified using validated search criteria...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097178/antecedents-of-coping-with-the-disease-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#14
Ali Dehghani, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Abbas Ebadi
BACKGROUND: Due to many physical and mental disorders that occur in multiple sclerosis patients, identifying the factors affecting coping based on the experiences of patients using qualitative study is essential to improve their quality of life. This study was conducted to explore the antecedents of coping with the disease in patients with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: This is a qualitative study conducted on 11 patients with multiple sclerosis in 2015 in Tehran, Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#15
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088185/igc-an-integrated-analysis-package-of-gene-expression-and-copy-number-alteration
#16
Yi-Pin Lai, Liang-Bo Wang, Wei-An Wang, Liang-Chuan Lai, Mong-Hsun Tsai, Tzu-Pin Lu, Eric Y Chuang
BACKGROUND: With the advancement in high-throughput technologies, researchers can simultaneously investigate gene expression and copy number alteration (CNA) data from individual patients at a lower cost. Traditional analysis methods analyze each type of data individually and integrate their results using Venn diagrams. Challenges arise, however, when the results are irreproducible and inconsistent across multiple platforms. To address these issues, one possible approach is to concurrently analyze both gene expression profiling and CNAs in the same individual...
January 14, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078124/advanced-biliary-tract-cancer-clinical-outcomes-with-abc-02-regimen-and-analysis-of-prognostic-factors-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-the-united-states
#17
Rishi Agarwal, Arun Sendilnathan, Nabeela Iffat Siddiqi, Shuchi Gulati, Abhimanyu Ghose, Changchun Xie, Olugbenga Olanrele Olowokure
BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GC) is currently the standard regimen for advanced biliary tract cancers (BTC) based on the outcomes in ABC-02 trial. Multiple factors can affect outcomes in these patients. This retrospective review evaluates the University of Cincinnati experience with GC in advanced intrahepatic (IHC)/extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHC) and gall bladder carcinoma (GBC). METHODS: In this study approved by University of Cincinnati IRB, retrospective analysis of advanced BTC patients seen between 01/2008 and 01/2015 was done...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077632/phyloepidemiological-analysis-reveals-that-viral-divergence-led-to-the-paucity-of-sivmus-gsn-mon-infections-in-wild-populations
#18
Fabian Schmidt, Florian Liegeois, Edward J D Greenwood, Matthew LeBreton, James Lester, Luc Deleplancque, Martine Peeters, Avelin Aghokeng, Ubald Tamoufe, Joseph L D Diffo, Jean M Takuo, Nathan D Wolfe, Eric Leroy, François Rouet, Jonathan L Heeney
: Human immunodeficiency virus subtype-1 (HIV-1) is the result of cross-species transmission of simian immunodeficiency virus from chimpanzees (SIVcpz). SIVcpz is a chimeric virus which shares common ancestors with viruses infecting red capped mangabeys and a subset of guenon species. The epidemiology of SIV infection in hominoids is characterized by low prevalence and uneven geographical distribution. Surveys in Cameroon indicated that two closely related members of the guenon species subset, mustached guenons and greater spot-nosed guenons, infected with SIVmus and SIVgsn respectively, have also low rates of SIV infections in their populations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073092/acute-suicidal-affective-disturbance-factorial-structure-and-initial-validation-across-psychiatric-outpatient-and-inpatient-samples
#19
Megan L Rogers, Bruno Chiurliza, Christopher R Hagan, Mirela Tzoneva, Jennifer L Hames, Matthew S Michaels, Mario J Hitschfeld, Brian A Palmer, Timothy W Lineberry, David A Jobes, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: A new clinical entity, Acute Suicidal Affective Disturbance (ASAD), was recently proposed to characterize rapid-onset, acute suicidality including the cardinal symptom of behavioral intent. This study examines the proposed ASAD criteria factor-analytically and in relation to correlates of suicidal behavior and existing psychiatric disorders in samples of psychiatric outpatients and inpatients. METHODS: Two samples of psychiatric outpatients (N=343, aged 18-71 years, 60...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068155/the-cost-of-survival-an-exploration-of-colorectal-cancer-survivors-experiences-of-pain
#20
Amanda Drury, Sheila Payne, Anne-Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine report 'From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor' has drawn widespread attention to the experiences of cancer survivors. Research examining the symptom experiences of survivors are proliferative within the literature but limited by samples which include multiple tumor groups and varying inclusion criteria. This cross-sectional quantitative study seeks to examine pain and quality of life (QoL) in the context of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivorship, as defined by the Institute of Medicine...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
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