Read by QxMD icon Read

Multiple criteria support analysis

Eri Maeda, Takahiro Higashi, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Susumu Yokoya, Takahiro Mochizuki, Tomohiro Ishii, Junko Ito, Susumu Kanzaki, Akira Shimatsu, Koji Takano, Toshihiro Tajima, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yusuke Tanahashi, Akira Teramoto, Toshiro Nagai, Kunihiko Hanew, Reiko Horikawa, Toru Yorifuji, Naohiro Wada, Toshiaki Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Treatment costs for children with growth hormone (GH) deficiency are subsidized by the government in Japan if the children meet clinical criteria, including height limits (boys: 156.4 cm; girls: 145.4 cm). However, several funding programs, such as a subsidy provided by local governments, can be used by those who exceed the height limits. In this study, we explored the impacts of financial support on GH treatment using this natural allocation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 696 adolescent patients (451 boys and 245 girls) who reached the height limits was conducted...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Behnaz RaheliNamin, Samar Mortazavi, Abdolrassoul Salmanmahiny
The combination of degrading natural conditions and resources, climate change, growing population, urban development, and competition in a global market complicate optimization of land for agricultural products. The use of pesticides and fertilizers for crop production in the agricultural fields has become excessive in the recent years and Golestan Province of Iran is no exception in this regard. For this, effective management with an efficient and cost-effective practice should be undertaken, maintaining public service at a high level and preserving the environment...
November 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Zora Baretta, Simone Mocellin, Elena Goldin, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Dezheng Huo
BACKGROUND: The contribution of BRCA germline mutational status to breast cancer patients' prognosis is unclear. We aimed to systematically review and perform meta-analysis of the available evidence of effects of BRCA germline mutations on multiple survival outcomes of breast cancer patients as a whole and in specific subgroups of interest, including those with triple negative breast cancer, those with Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry, and patients with stage I-III disease. METHODS: Sixty studies met all inclusion criteria and were considered for this meta-analysis...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ian R Gizer
Epidemiologic studies demonstrating high rates of co-occurrence among psychiatric disorders at the population level have contributed to large literatures focused on identifying the causal mechanisms underlying the patterns of co-occurrence among these disorders. Such efforts have long represented a core focus of developmental psychopathologists and have more recently been supported by the Research Domain Criteria initiative developed by the NIMH, which provides a further framework for how the hypothesized mechanisms can be studied at different levels of analysis...
November 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Philippe Holzmuller, Philippe Nirdé, Frédéric Vezilier, Paul Chuchana
: Macrophages exhibit multifunctional activity and play a central role in the response to infectious agents. It is commonly accepted that the plasticity of the response of macrophages depends on the type of stimuli. Here we re-evaluate whether the macrophage response is only dependent on the stimulus. We analyzed the transcriptomic profile of monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) that were activated with several pathogens and multiple in vitro-stimulations. The transcriptomic data were normalized using matched-pair analysis...
October 11, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
P García, M Huerfano, M Rodríguez, A Caicedo, F Berrío, C Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Renal transplantation is the best treatment for end stage renal disease. Acute graft rejection is one of the main complications and may influence graft survival. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and features of acute cellular rejection (ACR) episodes confirmed by biopsy. METHODS: We studied a cohort of 175 patients who underwent renal transplantation between 2004 and 2012 to determine the cumulative incidence of ACR confirmed by biopsy and to identify the associated risk factors using multivariate analysis...
2016: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
John Heesakkers, Fawzy Farag, Ricarda M Bauer, Jaspreet Sandhu, Dirk De Ridder, Arnulf Stenzl
CONTEXT: The incidence and awareness of postprostatectomy incontinence (PPI) has increased during the past few years, probably because of an increase in prostate cancer surgery. Many theories have been postulated to explain the pathophysiology of PPI. OBJECTIVE: The current review scrutinizes various pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the occurrence of PPI. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A search was conducted on PubMed and EMBASE for publications on PPI...
October 6, 2016: European Urology
Daniel W Spaite, Chengcheng Hu, Bentley J Bobrow, Vatsal Chikani, Bruce Barnhart, Joshua B Gaither, Kurt R Denninghoff, P David Adelson, Samuel M Keim, Chad Viscusi, Terry Mullins, Duane Sherrill
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Survival is significantly reduced by either hypotension or hypoxia during the out-of-hospital management of major traumatic brain injury. However, only a handful of small studies have investigated the influence of the combination of both hypotension and hypoxia occurring together. In patients with major traumatic brain injury, we evaluate the associations between mortality and out-of-hospital hypotension and hypoxia separately and in combination. METHODS: All moderate or severe traumatic brain injury cases in the preimplementation cohort of the Excellence in Prehospital Injury Care study (a statewide, before/after, controlled study of the effect of implementing the out-of-hospital traumatic brain injury treatment guidelines) from January 1, 2007, to March 31, 2014, were evaluated (exclusions: <10 years, out-of-hospital oxygen saturation ≤10%, and out-of-hospital systolic blood pressure <40 or >200 mm Hg)...
September 27, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Jakob Burcharth, Jacob Rosenberg, Hans Raskov
PURPOSE: Evidence supports an association between certain colorectal adenoma characteristics and predisposition to cancer. The association between anatomical location of colorectal adenoma, age and advanced adenomas needs attention. The objective of this study was to evaluate the possible association between occurrence of sporadic advanced adenomas with location and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study using baseline data from index colonoscopy from a randomized controlled trial evaluating chemopreventive treatment against recurrence of colorectal adenomas was performed...
August 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
D Brilej, D Stropnik, R Lefering, R Komadina
BACKGROUND: Early recognition and management of trauma related coagulopathy improves the outcome. Trauma facilities should implement an algorithm to identify the bleeding trauma patient with coagulopathy. OBJECTIVE: The scope of the paper is to identify the indicators of early coagulopathy and to optimize the indications for thromboelastometry and coagulation support. DESIGN: Cohort study based on data from trauma registry. SETTING: Data of 493 major trauma patients treated in GH Celje from 2006 to 2014 were included into The TraumaRegister DGU(®) (TR-DGU)...
September 22, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Donald R Mattison, Brittany Milton, Daniel Krewski, Len Levy, David C Dorman, Peter J Aggett, Harry A Roels, Melvin E Andersen, Nataliya A Karyakina, Natalia Shilnikova, Siva Ramoju, Doreen McGough
Characterizing the U-shaped exposure response relationship for manganese (Mn) is necessary for estimating the risk of adverse health from Mn toxicity due to excess or deficiency. Categorical regression has emerged as a powerful tool for exposure-response analysis because of its ability to synthesize relevant information across multiple studies and species into a single integrated analysis of all relevant data. This paper documents the development of a database on Mn toxicity designed to support the application of categorical regression techniques...
September 13, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Joshua William Lucas, Mary E Bodach, Luis M Tumialan, Nelson M Oyesiku, Chirag G Patil, Zachary Litvack, Manish K Aghi, Gabriel Zada
BACKGROUND: Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are among the most common pituitary lesions and may present clinically with vision loss and hypopituitarism. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the existing literature as it pertains to the initial management of NFPAs. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify and screen articles assessing primary treatment options (surgical, medical, radiation based, or observation) for NFPAs...
October 2016: Neurosurgery
Maria Fleseriu, Mary E Bodach, Luis M Tumialan, Vivien Bonert, Nelson M Oyesiku, Chirag G Patil, Zachary Litvack, Manish K Aghi, Gabriel Zada
BACKGROUND: Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are among the most common pituitary lesions and may present with hypopituitarism and/or hyperprolactinemia. OBJECTIVE: To review the existing literature as it pertains to preoperative endocrine assessment in the workup for NFPAs. METHODS: A systematic review methodology was utilized to identify and screen articles assessing the role and results of preoperative laboratory assessment in patients with NFPAs...
October 2016: Neurosurgery
Fang Liu, Hong-Mei Wang, Tiansheng Wang, Ya-Mei Zhang, Xi Zhu
BACKGROUND: Thymosin α1 (Tα1) as immunomodulatory treatment is supposed to be beneficial for the sepsis patients by regulating T cell subsets and inflammatory mediators. However, limited by the small sample size and the poor study design, the persuasive power of the single clinical studies is weak. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the impact of Tα1 on the sepsis patients. METHODS: We searched for the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CBM, VIP, CNKI, WANFANG, Igaku Chuo Zasshi (ICHUSHI) and Korean literature databases reporting the effects of Tα1 on outcomes in sepsis patients...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Nikhil C Munshi, Herve Avet-Loiseau, Andy C Rawstron, Roger G Owen, J Anthony Child, Anjan Thakurta, Paul Sherrington, Mehmet Kemal Samur, Anna Georgieva, Kenneth C Anderson, Walter M Gregory
Importance: Numerous studies have evaluated the prognostic value of minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Most studies were small and varied in terms of patient population, treatment, and MRD assessment methods. Objective: To evaluate the utility of MRD detection in patients with newly diagnosed MM. Data Sources: A Medline search was conducted for articles published in English between January 1990 and January 2016...
September 15, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Lineker M Goulart Coelho, Liséte C Lange, Hosmanny Mg Coelho
Solid waste management is a complex domain involving the interaction of several dimensions; thus, its analysis and control impose continuous challenges for decision makers. In this context, multi-criteria decision-making models have become important and convenient supporting tools for solid waste management because they can handle problems involving multiple dimensions and conflicting criteria. However, the selection of the multi-criteria decision-making method is a hard task since there are several multi-criteria decision-making approaches, each one with a large number of variants whose applicability depends on information availability and the aim of the study...
September 14, 2016: Waste Management & Research
Angela Rosenbohm, Hans-Peter Müller, Annemarie Hübers, Albert C Ludolph, Jan Kassubek
Criteria for assessing upper motor neuron pathology in lower motor neuron disease (LMND) still remain major issues in clinical diagnosis. This study was designed to investigate patients with the clinical diagnosis of adult pure LMND by use of whole brain based diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to delineate alterations of corticoefferent pathways in vivo. Comparison of fractional anisotropy (FA) maps was performed by whole brain-based spatial statistics for 37 LMND patients vs. 53 matched controls to detect white matter structural alterations...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Neurology
Roni D Lane, Tomohiko Funai, Ron Reeder, Gitte Y Larsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Septic shock impacts mortality, morbidity, and health care costs. A quality improvement (QI) initiative was launched to improve early recognition and timely treatment of patients with septic shock in a pediatric emergency department (PED). Our primary aim was to describe the longitudinal effectiveness of the program, iterative changes in clinical practice, and associated outcomes. METHODS: We implemented multiple interventions during our QI initiative (February 2007 to December 2014)...
September 7, 2016: Pediatrics
F Cour, A Vidart
INTRODUCTION: The never ending debate over the surgical approach of genital prolapse repair (abdominal versus vaginal route) is as passionate as ever. The available literature may support a multidisciplinary analysis of our expert daily practice. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to define selection criteria for surgical approach between abdominal and vaginal route in the management of genital prolapse by reviewing the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematically review of the literature concerning comparative anatomical and functionnal results of surgery of pelvic organ prolaps by vaginal or abdominal route...
July 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Thomas W Hamilton, Vassilis Athanassoglou, Marialena Trivella, Louise H Strickland, Stephen Mellon, David Murray, Hemant G Pandit
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain remains a significant issue with poor perioperative pain management associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Liposomal bupivacaine is an analgesic consisting of bupivacaine hydrochloride encapsulated within multiple, non-concentric lipid bi-layers offering a novel method of sustained release. OBJECTIVES: To assess the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of liposomal bupivacaine infiltration peripheral nerve block for the management of postoperative pain...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"