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Multiple criteria support analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900640/statistical-effects-of-religious-participation-and-marriage-on-substance-use-and-abuse-in-racial-and-ethnic-minorities
#1
Kristine Ria Hearld, Amy Badham, Henna Budhwani
Substance use and abuse, which includes alcohol use, alcohol dependence, drug use, and drug dependence, inflicts a substantial toll on Americans. Although studies have demonstrated the protective effect of social support, such as religious participation and via marriage, understanding their influence on racial and ethnic minorities is limited. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the impact of social support on substance use and abuse in racial and ethnic minorities. The Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys, sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health, a repository of race, ethnicity, and mental health data, was leveraged to develop four models using multivariate analysis, specifically logistic regression to estimate the probability of meeting the criteria for substance use and abuse...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898705/the-role-of-the-amygdala-in-facial-trustworthiness-processing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-fmri-studies
#2
Sara Santos, Inês Almeida, Bárbara Oliveiros, Miguel Castelo-Branco
BACKGROUND: Faces play a key role in signaling social cues such as signals of trustworthiness. Although several studies identify the amygdala as a core brain region in social cognition, quantitative approaches evaluating its role are scarce. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to assess the role of the amygdala in the processing of facial trustworthiness, by analyzing its amplitude BOLD response polarity to untrustworthy versus trustworthy facial signals under fMRI tasks through a Meta-analysis of effect sizes (MA)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893836/prognostic-value-of-serum-free-light-chains-measurements-in-multiple-myeloma-patients
#3
José Luis García de Veas Silva, Carmen Bermudo Guitarte, Paloma Menéndez Valladares, Johanna Carolina Rojas Noboa, Krysta Kestler, Rafael Duro Millán
BACKGROUND: The outcome for patients with Multiple Myeloma (MM) is highly variable, therefore, the existence of robust and easy to determine prognostic markers is extremely important for an efficient management of these patients. Presently, there is a debate about the role of the serum free light chains (sFLC) in the prognosis of MM patients both at diagnosis and after treatment. The aim of this study is to evaluate in a cohort of newly diagnosed MM patients from the Southern area of Spain, the prognostic value of sFLC both at baseline and after treatment...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890865/csf-pr-2-0-an-interactive-literature-guide-to-quantitative-cerebrospinal-fluid-mass-spectrometry-data-from-neurodegenerative-disorders
#4
Astrid Guldbrandsen, Yehia Farag, Ann C Kroksveen, Eystein Oveland, Ragnhild R Lereim, Jill A Opsahl, Kjell-Morten Myhr, Frode S Berven, Harald Barsnes
The rapidly growing number of biomedical studies supported by mass spectrometry based quantitative proteomics data has made it increasingly difficult to obtain an overview of the current status of the research field. A better way of organizing the biomedical proteomics information from these studies and making it available to the research community is therefore called for. In the presented work, we have investigated scientific publications describing the analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid proteome in relation to multiple sclerosis, Parkinsons disease and Alzheimers disease...
November 27, 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#5
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875176/weightlifter-visual-weight-space-exploration-for-multi-criteria-decision-making
#6
Stephan Pajer, Marc Streit, Thomas Torsney-Weir, Florian Spechtenhauser, Torsten Muller, Harald Piringer
A common strategy in Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) is to rank alternative solutions by weighted summary scores. Weights, however, are often abstract to the decision maker and can only be set by vague intuition. While previous work supports a point-wise exploration of weight spaces, we argue that MCDM can benefit from a regional and global visual analysis of weight spaces. Our main contribution is WeightLifter, a novel interactive visualization technique for weight-based MCDM that facilitates the exploration of weight spaces with up to ten criteria...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863862/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-with-multiple-organ-failure-can-molecular-adsorbent-recirculating-system-therapy-improve-survival
#7
Bailey E Sparks, Nicholas C Cavarocchi, Hitoshi Hirose
BACKGROUND: Liver dialysis, molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS) particularly, has been used in liver failure to bridge to transplantation. We expanded the indication for MARS to patients with acute shock liver failure and cardiopulmonary failure on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), aiming to improve survival to wean from ECMO. METHODS: Retrospective chart analysis of patients on ECMO between 2010 and 2015 found 28 patients who met the criteria for acute liver failure, diagnosed by hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin ≥10 mg/dl) or by elevated transaminase (alanine transaminase >1,000 IU/liter)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852965/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-pilot-study-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-d-cycloserine-in-people-with-chronic-back-pain
#8
Thomas J Schnitzer, Souraya Torbey, Kristi Herrmann, Gagan Kaushal, Renita Yeasted, A Vania Apkarian
BACKGROUND: Few effective pharmacological treatment options exist for chronic back pain, the leading cause of disability in the US, and all are associated with significant adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of D-cycloserine, a partial agonist to the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, in the treatment of chronic low back pain. METHODS: A total of 41 participants with chronic back pain who met all inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized pilot trial of D-cycloserine...
2016: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852621/effect-of-early-supervised-physiotherapy-on-recovery-from-acute-ankle-sprain-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Robert J Brison, Andrew G Day, Lucie Pelland, William Pickett, Ana P Johnson, Alice Aiken, David R Pichora, Brenda Brouwer
OBJECTIVE:  To assess the efficacy of a programme of supervised physiotherapy on the recovery of simple grade 1 and 2 ankle sprains. DESIGN:  A randomised controlled trial of 503 participants followed for six months. SETTING:  Participants were recruited from two tertiary acute care settings in Kingston, ON, Canada. PARTICIPANTS:  The broad inclusion criteria were patients aged ≥16 presenting for acute medical assessment and treatment of a simple grade 1 or 2 ankle sprain...
November 16, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852288/the-clinical-association-of-programmed-cell-death-protein-4-pdcd4-with-solid-tumors-and-its-prognostic-significance-a-meta-analysis
#10
John Zeng Hong Li, Wei Gao, Wai-Kuen Ho, Wen Bin Lei, William Ignace Wei, Jimmy Yu-Wai Chan, Thian-Sze Wong
BACKGROUND: Programmed cell death protein 4 (PDCD4) is a novel tumor suppressor protein involved in programmed cell death. Its association with cancer progression has been observed in multiple tumor models, but evidence supporting its association with solid tumors in humans remains controversial. This study aimed to determine the clinical significance and prognostic value of PDCD4 in solid tumors. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed to retrieve publications with available clinical information and survival data...
November 16, 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848086/the-roles-of-cognitive-and-language-abilities-in-predicting-decoding-and-reading-comprehension-comparisons-of-dyslexia-and-specific-language-impairment
#11
Alexandra A Lauterbach, Yujeong Park, Linda J Lombardino
This study aimed to (a) explore the roles of cognitive and language variables in predicting reading abilities of two groups of individuals with reading disabilities (i.e., dyslexia and specific language impairment) and (b) examine which variable(s) is the most predictive in differentiating two groups. Inclusion/exclusion criteria applied to categorize the two groups yielded a total of 63 participants (n = 44 for the dyslexia; n = 19 for the specific language impairment). A stepwise multiple regression approach was conducted to examine which cognitive and/or language variables made the largest contribution to reading abilities (i...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842738/-prevalence-of-positive-screen-for-postpartum-depression-in-a-tertiary-hospital-and-associated-factors
#12
Roberth Alirio Ortiz Martinez, Cristal Ximena Gallego Betancourt, Ednna Lizeth Buitron Zuñiga, Yohana Daisury Meneses Valdés, Nestor Felipe Muñoz Fernandez, Maria Alejandra Gonzales Barrera
: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a major health problem. With a three times higher prevalence in developing countries, it is of multiple origin and affects maternal well-being, such as health and behaviour, as well as the development of the child. The influence of biological, psychological, and social factors and their implications have been recognised in the origins of PPD, with different prevalence reported depending on the characteristics of the study population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of PPD in the University Hospital in San José de Popayan (HUSJ) and examine the factors associated with its development...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842541/heterogeneous-response-and-progression-patterns-reveal-phenotypic-heterogeneity-of-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-response-in-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#13
Shanthini M Crusz, Yen Zhi Tang, Shah-Jalal Sarker, Warner Prevoo, Irfan Kiyani, Luis Beltran, John Peters, Anju Sahdev, Axel Bex, Thomas Powles, Marco Gerlinger
BACKGROUND: Molecular intratumour heterogeneity (ITH) is common in clear cell renal carcinomas (ccRCCs). However, it remains unknown whether this is mirrored by heterogeneity of drug responses between metastases in the same patient. METHODS: We performed a retrospective central radiological analysis of patients with treatment-naïve metastatic ccRCC receiving anti-angiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) (sunitinib or pazopanib) within three similar phase II trials...
November 14, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824792/reliability-of-casting-indices-among-members-of-an-orthopaedic-surgery-residency
#14
Nathan D Williams, Jeremy K Rush, Matthew R Schmitz, Anthony E Johnson
BACKGROUND: Multiple casting indices have been described to evaluate the adequacy of cast placement in pediatric distal forearm fractures. The aim of this study was to determine the intrarater and interrater reliability of the measurements of 5 common casting indices among members of an orthopaedic surgery residency program. The cast index, 3-point index, gap index, padding index, and Canterbury index were evaluated. METHODS: This was a single-center prospective cohort reliability study that included 12 members of an orthopaedic surgery residency...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810696/associated-factors-with-psychological-distress-in-moroccan-breast-cancer-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Soufiane Berhili, Selma Kadiri, Amal Bouziane, Abdallah Aissa, Elamin Marnouche, Etienne Ogandaga, Yassine Echchikhi, Asmae Touil, Hasna Loughlimi, Ibtissam Lahdiri, Sanae El Majjaoui, Hanan El Kacemi, Tayeb Kebdani, Noureddine Benjaafar
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of psychological distress (PD) in Moroccan breast cancer patients, and to determine clinical and social demographic factors associated with PD. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study where we included all female breast cancer patients that did not have other malignancies. Judgment criteria were based on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Distress Thermometer (DT). Threshold values of 15 and 3 were fixed to detect patients on PD by the HADS and the DT, respectively...
October 28, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782829/the-effect-of-skin-to-skin-contact-at-birth-early-versus-immediate-on-the-duration-of-exclusive-human-lactancy-in-full-term-newborns-treated-at-the-cl%C3%A3-nica-universidad-de-la-sabana-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Sergio Agudelo, Oscar Gamboa, Fabio Rodríguez, Sandra Cala, Nathalie Gualdrón, Evelyn Obando, María Lucía Padrón
BACKGROUND: Human lactancy is a simple and cost-effective strategy that influences infant and maternal mortality rates. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is an immediate postpartum period strategy that has proven to benefit the initiation and continuation of human lactation and to decrease hospitalization during the first week of life. This study aims to determine the effect of SSC initiation at birth (immediate versus early) in healthy, full-term newborns treated at the Universidad de La Sabana Clinic on the duration of exclusive human lactation...
October 26, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780583/development-of-an-evidence-based-decision-pathway-for-vestibular-schwannoma-treatment-options
#17
Faina Linkov, Benita Valappil, Jacob McAfee, Sharon L Goughnour, Douglas M Hildrew, Andrew A McCall, Igor Linkov, Barry Hirsch, Carl Snyderman
OBJECTIVE: To integrate multiple sources of clinical information with patient feedback to build evidence-based decision support model to facilitate treatment selection for patients suffering from vestibular schwannomas (VS). METHODS: This was a mixed methods study utilizing focus group and survey methodology to solicit feedback on factors important for making treatment decisions among patients. Two 90-minute focus groups were conducted by an experienced facilitator...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769307/effects-of-financial-support-on-treatment-of-adolescents-with-growth-hormone-deficiency-a-retrospective-study-in-japan
#18
Eri Maeda, Takahiro Higashi, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Susumu Yokoya, Takahiro Mochizuki, Tomohiro Ishii, Junko Ito, Susumu Kanzaki, Akira Shimatsu, Koji Takano, Toshihiro Tajima, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yusuke Tanahashi, Akira Teramoto, Toshiro Nagai, Kunihiko Hanew, Reiko Horikawa, Toru Yorifuji, Naohiro Wada, Toshiaki Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Treatment costs for children with growth hormone (GH) deficiency are subsidized by the government in Japan if the children meet clinical criteria, including height limits (boys: 156.4 cm; girls: 145.4 cm). However, several funding programs, such as a subsidy provided by local governments, can be used by those who exceed the height limits. In this study, we explored the impacts of financial support on GH treatment using this natural allocation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 696 adolescent patients (451 boys and 245 girls) who reached the height limits was conducted...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761852/optimizing-cultivation-of-agricultural-products-using-socio-economic-and-environmental-scenarios
#19
Behnaz RaheliNamin, Samar Mortazavi, Abdolrassoul Salmanmahiny
The combination of degrading natural conditions and resources, climate change, growing population, urban development, and competition in a global market complicate optimization of land for agricultural products. The use of pesticides and fertilizers for crop production in the agricultural fields has become excessive in the recent years and Golestan Province of Iran is no exception in this regard. For this, effective management with an efficient and cost-effective practice should be undertaken, maintaining public service at a high level and preserving the environment...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749552/effect-of-brca-germline-mutations-on-breast-cancer-prognosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Zora Baretta, Simone Mocellin, Elena Goldin, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Dezheng Huo
BACKGROUND: The contribution of BRCA germline mutational status to breast cancer patients' prognosis is unclear. We aimed to systematically review and perform meta-analysis of the available evidence of effects of BRCA germline mutations on multiple survival outcomes of breast cancer patients as a whole and in specific subgroups of interest, including those with triple negative breast cancer, those with Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry, and patients with stage I-III disease. METHODS: Sixty studies met all inclusion criteria and were considered for this meta-analysis...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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