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Five minute speech sample

Kiera M James, Max Owens, Mary L Woody, Nathan T Hall, Brandon E Gibb
There is growing evidence for the role of environmental influences on children's information-processing biases for affectively salient stimuli. The goal of this study was to extend this research by examining the relation between parental criticism (expressed emotion-criticism, or EE-Crit) and children's processing of facial displays of emotion. Specifically, we examined the relation between EE-Crit and children's sensitivity in detecting facial displays of emotion. We also examined a neural marker of sustained attention, the late positive potential (LPP) event-related potential component (ERP)...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Joseph M Trombello, Kristina M Post, David A Smith
Although people with depressive symptoms face criticism, hostility, and rejection in their close relationships, we do not know how they respond. Following interpersonal theories of depression, it might be expected that depressive symptoms would be associated with a tendency to receive and also to express criticism toward one's spouse, and that at least some of this criticism would be a contingent response to criticism received (i.e., "counter-criticism"). However, other research has determined that depressive symptoms/behaviors suppress partner criticism, suggesting that depressed people might respond to partner criticism similarly, by subsequently expressing less criticism...
February 23, 2018: Family Process
Efrat Sher-Censor, Cory Shulman, Esther Cohen
This study examined the array of associations among the emotional valence and the coherence of mothers' representations of their relationship with their toddlers, mothers' reported parenting stress, and toddlers' internalizing and externalizing behaviors. To evaluate maternal representations, 55 mothers were interviewed using the Five Minute Speech Sample procedure (FMSS; Magaña et al., 1986), which was coded for criticism and positive comments (Magaňa-Amato, 1993), as well as coherence (Sher-Censor & Yates, 2015)...
February 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Nicolas Favez, Sarah Cairo Notari, Tania Antonini, Linda Charvoz
The aim of this study was to assess the links between partners' and women's expressed emotion with the distress of one another during the first year after surgery for breast cancer in women. The design was longitudinal. A sample of 61 couples participated in the study at 2 weeks, 3 months, and 12 months after the surgery. Expressed emotion was assessed with the Five-Minute Speech Sample. Psychological distress was assessed with a self-reported questionnaire. Mixed-model analyses showed that partners' expressed emotion is associated with heightened psychological distress in women during the first year after surgery, even after medical data were controlled for...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Lamprini Psychogiou, Nicholas J Moberly, Elizabeth Parry, Selina Nath, Angeliki Kallitsoglou, Ginny Russell
This longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms predict, independently and interactively, children's emotional and behavioural problems. It also examined bi-directional associations between parents' expressed emotion constituents (parents' child-directed positive and critical comments) and children's emotional and behavioural problems. At time 1, the sample consisted of 160 families in which 50 mothers and 40 fathers had depression according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV...
2017: PloS One
Kiera M James, Mary L Woody, Cope Feurer, Anastacia Y Kudinova, Brandon E Gibb
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine physiological reactivity during parent-child interactions in children with and without a history of suicidal ideation (SI), a group known to be at increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors in the future. We also examined the potential moderating role of parental expressed emotion-criticism (EE-Crit) to determine whether the presence of parental criticism may help to identify a subgroup of children with a history of SI most at risk for physiological dysregulation...
December 2017: Biological Psychology
Gemma Sicouri, Louise Sharpe, Jennifer L Hudson, Joanne Dudeney, Adam Jaffe, Hiran Selvadurai, Caroline Hunt
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in children with asthma yet very little is known about the parenting factors that may underlie this relationship. The aim of the current study was to examine observed parenting behaviours - involvement and negativity - associated with asthma and anxiety in children using the tangram task and the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS). Eighty-nine parent-child dyads were included across four groups of children (8-13 years old): asthma and anxiety, anxiety only, asthma only and healthy controls...
October 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Jessica L Douglas, Deirdre Williams, Shirley Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Rumination predicts depression in adults and adolescents. The development of rumination has been linked to parenting practices, but only limited research has investigated this and research has tended to rely on self-report parenting measures. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between female adolescent rumination and maternal modelling, criticism and positivity using an observational measure of parental behaviour. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used...
March 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Sabrina Mazzer Paes, Mara Behlau
Purpose: to study the dosage dependent effect of high-resistance straw exercise in women with behavioral dysphonia and in vocally healthy women. Methods: 25 dysphonic women (DG), with average age of 35 years (SD = 10.5) and 30 vocally healthy women (VHG), with average age of 31.6 years (SD = 10.3). The participants produced a continuous sound into a thin high-resistance straw for seven minutes, being interrupted after the first, third, fifth and seventh minute. At each interval, speech samples were recorded (sustained vowel and counting up to 20) and subsequently acoustically analyzed...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
Katharine M Mark, Alison Pike, Rachel M Latham, Bonamy R Oliver
We investigated the association between maternal expressed emotion and twin relationship quality, after controlling for a maternal questionnaire measure of the mother-child relationship. This was explored within a community sample of 156 mothers and their two young twin children (M child age = 3.69 years; SD child age = 0.37). Mothers reported on the twin-twin relationship and the mother-child relationship via questionnaire. They were also interviewed about each child using the innovative Preschool Five Minute Speech Sample (Daley et al...
April 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Fabíola Santos Moreira, Ana Cristina Côrtes Gama
Purpose: To analyze the results of the runtimes of one, three, five, and seven minutes of the high-pitched blowing vocal exercise in women without voice complaints and with dysphonia and vocal nodules. Methods: This is an experimental study with a consecutive and convenience sample of 60 women divided into two groups: 30 participants with dysphonia caused by vocal fold nodules (study group - SG) and 30 participants without vocal complaints (control group - CG). All participants performed the high-pitched blowing vocal exercise for one, three, five, and seven minutes...
February 16, 2017: CoDAS
Nicolas Favez, Sarah Cairo Notari, Tania Antonini, Linda Charvoz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate expressed emotion (EE) in couples facing breast cancer in the immediate post-surgery period. EE may be predictive of psychological disturbances that hinder both partners' capacities to cope with the stress of the disease. Severity of the disease, attachment tendencies, and couple satisfaction were tested as predictors of EE. DESIGN: The design was cross-sectional. Couples (N = 61) were interviewed 2 weeks after the women's breast surgery...
February 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
Elizabeth Moroney, Irene Tung, Whitney A Brammer, Tara S Peris, Steve S Lee
Although parental attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a risk factor for multiple negative youth outcomes, it is unknown how change in parental ADHD symptoms over time affects change in child ADHD symptoms; moreover, mediators of these predictions are largely unknown. Parents of 230 5-10 year-old children (68 % male) with (n = 120) and without ADHD (n = 110) were followed prospectively for 6-7 years across three separate waves. Parents self-reported their ADHD and depression symptoms and similarly rated offspring ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder (CD) symptoms; youth self-reported their substance use...
April 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Daniela de Vasconcelos, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Cláudia Marina Tavares de Araújo
Vocal polyps do not have a well-defined therapeutic indication. The recommended treatment is often laryngeal microsurgery, followed by postoperative speech therapy. Speech therapy as the initial treatment for polyps is a new concept and aims to modify inappropriate vocal behavior, adjust the voice quality, and encourage regression of the lesion. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the sonorous lips and tongue trill technique in the treatment of vocal polyps. The sample consisted of 10 adults diagnosed with a polyp who were divided into two subgroups: treatment and control...
March 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Claire Hughes, Amanda Aldercotte, Sarah Foley
Maternal mind-mindedness, defined as the propensity to view one's child as an agent with independent thoughts and feelings, mitigates the impact of low maternal education on conduct problems in young children (Meins et al. 2013), but has been little studied beyond the preschool years. Addressing this gap, we applied a multi-measure and multi-informant approach to assess family adversity and disruptive behavior at age 12 for a socially diverse sample of 116 children for whom ratings of disruptive behavior at age 6 were available...
February 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Rebecca Band, Ella Chadwick, Hannah Hickman, Christine Barrowclough, Alison Wearden
PURPOSE: The current study aimed to examine the reliability of the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS) for assessing relative Expressed Emotion (EE) compared with the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) in a sample of relatives of adult patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). METHOD: 21 relatives were recruited and completed both assessments. The CFI was conducted first for all participants, with the FMSS conducted approximately one month later. Trained raters independently coded both EE measures; high levels of rating reliability were established for both measures...
May 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Ricarda Schmidt, Anne Tetzlaff, Anja Hilbert
PURPOSE: Perceived expressed emotion is a valuable predictor of clinical outcome in psychiatric and community samples, but its assessment is limited to few instruments. A recent development to briefly assess expressed emotion from the patient's perspective is the 14-item Brief Dyadic Scale of Expressed Emotion (BDSEE). Although psychometric properties of the BDSEE have been provided for adult eating disorders, validity for adolescents is still lacking. In this study, BDSEE's factorial, convergent, and divergent validity was tested in an adolescent sample with binge-eating disorder and a matched community sample...
April 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Gorka Fraga González, Gojko Žarić, Jurgen Tijms, Milene Bonte, Leo Blomert, Maurits W van der Molen
UNLABELLED: A recent account of dyslexia assumes that a failure to develop automated letter-speech sound integration might be responsible for the observed lack of reading fluency. This study uses a pre-test-training-post-test design to evaluate the effects of a training program based on letter-speech sound associations with a special focus on gains in reading fluency. A sample of 44 children with dyslexia and 23 typical readers, aged 8 to 9, was recruited. Children with dyslexia were randomly allocated to either the training program group (n = 23) or a waiting-list control group (n = 21)...
2015: PloS One
Simone Virginia Vitti, Wanderléia Quinhoneiro Blasca, Daniel Sigulem, Ivan Torres Pisa
INTRODUCTION: Adults and elderly users of hearing aids suffer psychosocial reactions as a result of hearing loss. Auditory rehabilitation is typically carried out with support from a speech therapist, usually in a clinical center. For these cases, there is a lack of computer-based self-training tools for minimizing the psychosocial impact of hearing deficiency. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a web-based auditory self-training system for adult and elderly users of hearing aids...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Tamar Y Khafi, Tuppett M Yates, Efrat Sher-Censor
Emotional overinvolvement (EOI) in parents’ Five Minute Speech Samples (FMSSs; Magaña-Amato, 1993) is thought to measure overconcern and enmeshment with one’s child. Although related to maladaptive outcomes in studies of adult children, FMSS EOI evidences varied relations with behavior problems in studies with young children. These mixed findings may indicate that certain FMSS EOI criteria reflect inappropriate and excessive involvement with adult children, but do not indicate maladaptive processes when parenting younger children...
August 2015: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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