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Five minute speech sample

Daniela de Vasconcelos, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Cláudia Marina Tavares de Araújo
Vocal polyps do not have a well-defined therapeutic indication. The recommended treatment is often laryngeal microsurgery, followed by postoperative speech therapy. Speech therapy as the initial treatment for polyps is a new concept and aims to modify inappropriate vocal behavior, adjust the voice quality, and encourage regression of the lesion. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the sonorous lips and tongue trill technique in the treatment of vocal polyps. The sample consisted of 10 adults diagnosed with a polyp who were divided into two subgroups: treatment and control...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Claire Hughes, Amanda Aldercotte, Sarah Foley
Maternal mind-mindedness, defined as the propensity to view one's child as an agent with independent thoughts and feelings, mitigates the impact of low maternal education on conduct problems in young children (Meins et al. 2013), but has been little studied beyond the preschool years. Addressing this gap, we applied a multi-measure and multi-informant approach to assess family adversity and disruptive behavior at age 12 for a socially diverse sample of 116 children for whom ratings of disruptive behavior at age 6 were available...
May 14, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Rebecca Band, Ella Chadwick, Hannah Hickman, Christine Barrowclough, Alison Wearden
PURPOSE: The current study aimed to examine the reliability of the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS) for assessing relative Expressed Emotion (EE) compared with the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) in a sample of relatives of adult patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). METHOD: 21 relatives were recruited and completed both assessments. The CFI was conducted first for all participants, with the FMSS conducted approximately one month later. Trained raters independently coded both EE measures; high levels of rating reliability were established for both measures...
May 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Ricarda Schmidt, Anne Tetzlaff, Anja Hilbert
PURPOSE: Perceived expressed emotion is a valuable predictor of clinical outcome in psychiatric and community samples, but its assessment is limited to few instruments. A recent development to briefly assess expressed emotion from the patient's perspective is the 14-item Brief Dyadic Scale of Expressed Emotion (BDSEE). Although psychometric properties of the BDSEE have been provided for adult eating disorders, validity for adolescents is still lacking. In this study, BDSEE's factorial, convergent, and divergent validity was tested in an adolescent sample with binge-eating disorder and a matched community sample...
April 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Gorka Fraga González, Gojko Žarić, Jurgen Tijms, Milene Bonte, Leo Blomert, Maurits W van der Molen
UNLABELLED: A recent account of dyslexia assumes that a failure to develop automated letter-speech sound integration might be responsible for the observed lack of reading fluency. This study uses a pre-test-training-post-test design to evaluate the effects of a training program based on letter-speech sound associations with a special focus on gains in reading fluency. A sample of 44 children with dyslexia and 23 typical readers, aged 8 to 9, was recruited. Children with dyslexia were randomly allocated to either the training program group (n = 23) or a waiting-list control group (n = 21)...
2015: PloS One
Simone Virginia Vitti, Wanderléia Quinhoneiro Blasca, Daniel Sigulem, Ivan Torres Pisa
INTRODUCTION: Adults and elderly users of hearing aids suffer psychosocial reactions as a result of hearing loss. Auditory rehabilitation is typically carried out with support from a speech therapist, usually in a clinical center. For these cases, there is a lack of computer-based self-training tools for minimizing the psychosocial impact of hearing deficiency. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a web-based auditory self-training system for adult and elderly users of hearing aids...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Tamar Y Khafi, Tuppett M Yates, Efrat Sher-Censor
Emotional overinvolvement (EOI) in parents’ Five Minute Speech Samples (FMSSs; Magaña-Amato, 1993) is thought to measure overconcern and enmeshment with one’s child. Although related to maladaptive outcomes in studies of adult children, FMSS EOI evidences varied relations with behavior problems in studies with young children. These mixed findings may indicate that certain FMSS EOI criteria reflect inappropriate and excessive involvement with adult children, but do not indicate maladaptive processes when parenting younger children...
August 2015: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Angeliki Bogosian, Julie Hadwin, Matthew Hankins, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the impact of the severity of parental multiple sclerosis, parents' expressed emotion and psychological well-being on offspring's psychological difficulties. DESIGN: A longitudinal study including baseline and 6-month follow-up data collected from parents and children. SUBJECTS: Adolescents (n=75), their parents with multiple sclerosis (n=56) and the partner without multiple sclerosis (n=40). MAIN MEASURES: Parents completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Five Minutes Speech Sample, a standardised interview of expressed emotion towards their child...
March 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Ricarda Schmidt, Anne Tetzlaff, Anja Hilbert
A sizeable body of research has documented Expressed Emotion (EE) to predict clinical outcomes in various psychiatric disorders, including eating disorders. Patients' perceptions of relative's EE, however, were found to play an important role in the processing of EE. This study aimed to examine the level of perceived EE in adolescent binge-eating disorder (BED) and its impact on eating disorder psychopathology. Adolescents (12-20 years) seeking treatment for BED (n = 40) were compared to adolescents without current or lifetime eating disorder (CG; n = 40)...
October 2015: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Rachel S Brezis, Thomas S Weisner, Tamara C Daley, Nidhi Singhal, Merry Barua, Shreya P Chollera
In many low and middle income countries where autism-related resources are scarce, interventions must rely on family and parents. A 3-month Parent-Child Training Program (PCTP) at Action For Autism, New Delhi, India is aimed at empowering and educating parents, encouraging acceptance of their child, and decreasing parent stress. Forty couples were asked to describe their child with autism using the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS), an open-ended narrative method, before and after the program. Parents described a wide range of child behaviors, primarily social and cognitive skills...
June 2015: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Nicole M Klaus, Guillermo Perez Algorta, Andrea S Young, Mary A Fristad
Expressed Emotion (EE; criticism/hostility and emotional overinvolvement) displayed in family interactions has been associated with the presence and poorer course of multiple disorders in adults and children. As such, validating appropriate tools for measuring EE could have important implications for research and clinical practice. Child EE measures are limited though there are some established methods of assessing EE in adults. The Expressed Emotion Adjective Checklist (EEAC), a self-report measure of EE, has demonstrated validity with adults but has not been evaluated in child samples...
March 2015: Couple & Family Psychology
G M Griffith, R P Hastings, M A Petalas, T J Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Expressed emotion (EE) is a construct used to measure the emotional climate within families. EE is of interest to researchers in the field of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) because of its putative implications for child development. The aim was to explore whether maternal EE differs towards a child with ASD and a non-disabled sibling. METHODS: We adopted a within-family design with 143 mothers of children with ASD and a non-disabled sibling. EE was measured using the Five-Minute Speech Sample...
June 2015: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Elvira Perez, Melody Turner, Anthony Fisher, Joanna Lockwood, David Daley
A linguistic analysis was performed on the Preschool Five Minute Speech Sample (PFMSS) of 42 parents. PFMSS is a validated measure for Expressed Emotion (EE) to assess parent-child relationship. Half of these parents (n = 21, clinical group) had preschool children with early symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the rest had typically developing children. Early symptoms of ADHD were identified with the Werry-Weiss Peters Rating Scale. The linguistic component of the PFMSS was analysed with keyword and linguistic pattern identification...
2014: PloS One
Angela Narayan, Dante Cicchetti, Fred A Rogosch, Sheree L Toth
Research has documented that maternal expressed emotion-criticism (EE-Crit) from the Five-Minute Speech Sample (FMSS) predicts family conflict and children's externalizing behavior in clinical and community samples. However, studies have not examined EE-Crit in maltreating or separated/divorced families, or whether these family risks exacerbate the links between EE-Crit and family conflict and externalizing behavior. The current study examined the associations between maternal EE-Crit, maltreatment, and separation/divorce, and whether maltreatment and separation/divorce moderated associations between EE-Crit and children's externalizing problems, and EE-Crit and family conflict...
February 2015: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Angela J Narayan, Julianna K Sapienza, Amy R Monn, Katherine A Lingras, Ann S Masten
This study examined risk, vulnerability, and protective processes of parental expressed emotion for children's peer relationships in families living in emergency shelters with high rates of exposure to parental violence (EPV). Parental criticism and negativity were hypothesized to exacerbate the association between EPV and poorer peer relations, whereas parental warmth was expected to buffer this association. Participants included 138 homeless parents (M = 30.77 years, SD = 6.33, range = 20.51-57.32 years; 64% African American, 12% Caucasian, 24% other) and their 4-to 6-year-old children (43...
2015: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Alissa J Ellis, Larissa C Portnoff, David A Axelson, Robert A Kowatch, Patricia Walshaw, David J Miklowitz
Family environmental variables are risk factors for recurrent courses of mood disorder in adolescents. The present study examined the association between parental expressed emotion (EE)-critical, hostile and/or emotionally overinvolved attitudes toward a concurrently ill offspring-and suicidal ideation in adolescents with bipolar disorder. The sample consisted of 95 adolescents with a bipolar I or II diagnosis who had experienced a mood episode in the prior 3 months. Participants (mean age=15.54 years, S.D...
May 15, 2014: Psychiatry Research
Jane Iles, Helen Spiby, Pauline Slade
Little is known about what constitutes key components of partner support during the childbirth experience. This study modified the five minute speech sample, a measure of expressed emotion (EE), for use with new parents in the immediate postpartum. A coding framework was developed to rate the speech samples on dimensions of couple support. Associations were explored between these codes and subsequent symptoms of postnatal depression and posttraumatic stress. 372 couples were recruited in the early postpartum and individually provided short speech samples...
October 2014: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Suelly Cecilia Olivan Limongi, Emilia de Faria Oliveira, Livia Maria Ienne, Rosangela Viana Andrade, Angela Maria de Amorim Carvalho
PURPOSE: To verify the use of nouns and verbs by children with Down syndrome and to compare this use between conditions of interaction with the mother and the Speech-language pathologist (SLP). METHODS: Participants were 21 children aged between 5 and 11 years, divided into three groups, according to chronological and mental age as established by the results of the Primary Tests of Nonverbal Intelligence. The speech sample was obtained through free interaction situations that were videotaped during session of 30 minutes and transcribed in specific protocols...
2013: CoDAS
Marci Lee Nilsen, Mary Beth Happ, Heidi Donovan, Amber Barnato, Leslie Hoffman, Susan M Sereika
BACKGROUND: Valid and reliable instruments are needed to measure communication interaction behaviors between nurses and mechanically ventilated intensive care unit patients who are without oral speech. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to refine and evaluate preliminary validity and reliability of a Communication Interaction Behavior Instrument (CIBI) adapted for use with mechanically ventilated, nonvocal patients in the intensive care unit. METHODS: Raters observed nurse-patient communication interactions using a checklist of nurse and patient behaviors, categorized as positive and negative behaviors...
January 2014: Nursing Research
Jeanne Duclos, Géraldine Dorard, Sylvie Berthoz, Florence Curt, Sophie Faucher, Bruno Falissard, Nathalie Godart
OBJECTIVE: Expressed Emotion has been called a "black box", since little is known about contributing factors. The aim of this study was to examine which parental and which patient/illness-related characteristics contribute to maternal and paternal Expressed Emotion levels. METHOD: Sixty adolescent girls with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and their parents completed instruments that evaluate characteristics of the adolescent's illness and patient/parental psychological characteristics (depression; anxiety; obsession-compulsion; social anxiety and alexithymia)...
January 2014: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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