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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325174/the-relationship-between-adolescent-rumination-and-maternal-rumination-criticism-and-positivity
#1
Jessica L Douglas, Deirdre Williams, Shirley Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Rumination predicts depression in adults and adolescents. The development of rumination has been linked to parenting practices, but only limited research has investigated this and research has tended to rely on self-report parenting measures. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between female adolescent rumination and maternal modelling, criticism and positivity using an observational measure of parental behaviour. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used...
March 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300957/dosage-dependent-effect-of-high-resistance-straw-exercise-in-dysphonic-and-non-dysphonic-women
#2
Sabrina Mazzer Paes, Mara Behlau
Purpose: to study the dosage dependent effect of high-resistance straw exercise in women with behavioral dysphonia and in vocally healthy women. Methods: 25 dysphonic women (DG), with average age of 35 years (SD = 10.5) and 30 vocally healthy women (VHG), with average age of 31.6 years (SD = 10.3). The participants produced a continuous sound into a thin high-resistance straw for seven minutes, being interrupted after the first, third, fifth and seventh minute. At each interval, speech samples were recorded (sustained vowel and counting up to 20) and subsequently acoustically analyzed...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241899/the-maternal-emotional-climate-predicts-twin-sibling-relationship-quality
#3
Katharine M Mark, Alison Pike, Rachel M Latham, Bonamy R Oliver
We investigated the association between maternal expressed emotion and twin relationship quality, after controlling for a maternal questionnaire measure of the mother-child relationship. This was explored within a community sample of 156 mothers and their two young twin children (M child age = 3.69 years; SD child age = 0.37). Mothers reported on the twin-twin relationship and the mother-child relationship via questionnaire. They were also interviewed about each child using the innovative Preschool Five Minute Speech Sample (Daley et al...
February 28, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225849/effect-of-performance-time-of-the-high-pitched-blowing-vocal-exercise-in-the-voice-of-women
#4
Fabíola Santos Moreira, Ana Cristina Côrtes Gama
Purpose: To analyze the results of the runtimes of one, three, five, and seven minutes of the high-pitched blowing vocal exercise in women without voice complaints and with dysphonia and vocal nodules. Methods: This is an experimental study with a consecutive and convenience sample of 60 women divided into two groups: 30 participants with dysphonia caused by vocal fold nodules (study group - SG) and 30 participants without vocal complaints (control group - CG). All participants performed the high-pitched blowing vocal exercise for one, three, five, and seven minutes...
February 16, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882634/attachment-and-couple-satisfaction-as-predictors-of-expressed-emotion-in-women-facing-breast-cancer-and-their-partners-in-the-immediate-post-surgery-period
#5
Nicolas Favez, Sarah Cairo Notari, Tania Antonini, Linda Charvoz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate expressed emotion (EE) in couples facing breast cancer in the immediate post-surgery period. EE may be predictive of psychological disturbances that hinder both partners' capacities to cope with the stress of the disease. Severity of the disease, attachment tendencies, and couple satisfaction were tested as predictors of EE. DESIGN: The design was cross-sectional. Couples (N = 61) were interviewed 2 weeks after the women's breast surgery...
February 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796692/externalizing-outcomes-of-youth-with-and-without-adhd-time-varying-prediction-by-parental-adhd-and-mediated-effects
#6
Elizabeth Moroney, Irene Tung, Whitney A Brammer, Tara S Peris, Steve S Lee
Although parental attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a risk factor for multiple negative youth outcomes, it is unknown how change in parental ADHD symptoms over time affects change in child ADHD symptoms; moreover, mediators of these predictions are largely unknown. Parents of 230 5-10 year-old children (68 % male) with (n = 120) and without ADHD (n = 110) were followed prospectively for 6-7 years across three separate waves. Parents self-reported their ADHD and depression symptoms and similarly rated offspring ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder (CD) symptoms; youth self-reported their substance use...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522942/treatment-for-vocal-polyps-lips-and-tongue-trill
#7
Daniela de Vasconcelos, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Cláudia Marina Tavares de Araújo
Vocal polyps do not have a well-defined therapeutic indication. The recommended treatment is often laryngeal microsurgery, followed by postoperative speech therapy. Speech therapy as the initial treatment for polyps is a new concept and aims to modify inappropriate vocal behavior, adjust the voice quality, and encourage regression of the lesion. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the sonorous lips and tongue trill technique in the treatment of vocal polyps. The sample consisted of 10 adults diagnosed with a polyp who were divided into two subgroups: treatment and control...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177743/maternal-mind-mindedness-provides-a-buffer-for-pre-adolescents-at-risk-for-disruptive-behavior
#8
Claire Hughes, Amanda Aldercotte, Sarah Foley
Maternal mind-mindedness, defined as the propensity to view one's child as an agent with independent thoughts and feelings, mitigates the impact of low maternal education on conduct problems in young children (Meins et al. 2013), but has been little studied beyond the preschool years. Addressing this gap, we applied a multi-measure and multi-informant approach to assess family adversity and disruptive behavior at age 12 for a socially diverse sample of 116 children for whom ratings of disruptive behavior at age 6 were available...
February 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27095328/assessing-the-reliability-of-the-five-minute-speech-sample-against-the-camberwell-family-interview-in-a-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-sample
#9
Rebecca Band, Ella Chadwick, Hannah Hickman, Christine Barrowclough, Alison Wearden
PURPOSE: The current study aimed to examine the reliability of the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS) for assessing relative Expressed Emotion (EE) compared with the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) in a sample of relatives of adult patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). METHOD: 21 relatives were recruited and completed both assessments. The CFI was conducted first for all participants, with the FMSS conducted approximately one month later. Trained raters independently coded both EE measures; high levels of rating reliability were established for both measures...
May 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26995232/validity-of-the-brief-dyadic-scale-of-expressed-emotion-in-adolescents
#10
Ricarda Schmidt, Anne Tetzlaff, Anja Hilbert
PURPOSE: Perceived expressed emotion is a valuable predictor of clinical outcome in psychiatric and community samples, but its assessment is limited to few instruments. A recent development to briefly assess expressed emotion from the patient's perspective is the 14-item Brief Dyadic Scale of Expressed Emotion (BDSEE). Although psychometric properties of the BDSEE have been provided for adult eating disorders, validity for adolescents is still lacking. In this study, BDSEE's factorial, convergent, and divergent validity was tested in an adolescent sample with binge-eating disorder and a matched community sample...
April 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26629707/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-beneficial-effects-of-training-letter-speech-sound-integration-on-reading-fluency-in-children-with-dyslexia
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gorka Fraga González, Gojko Žarić, Jurgen Tijms, Milene Bonte, Leo Blomert, Maurits W van der Molen
UNLABELLED: A recent account of dyslexia assumes that a failure to develop automated letter-speech sound integration might be responsible for the observed lack of reading fluency. This study uses a pre-test-training-post-test design to evaluate the effects of a training program based on letter-speech sound associations with a special focus on gains in reading fluency. A sample of 44 children with dyslexia and 23 typical readers, aged 8 to 9, was recruited. Children with dyslexia were randomly allocated to either the training program group (n = 23) or a waiting-list control group (n = 21)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26262032/web-based-auditory-self-training-system-for-adult-and-elderly-users-of-hearing-aids
#12
Simone Virginia Vitti, Wanderléia Quinhoneiro Blasca, Daniel Sigulem, Ivan Torres Pisa
INTRODUCTION: Adults and elderly users of hearing aids suffer psychosocial reactions as a result of hearing loss. Auditory rehabilitation is typically carried out with support from a speech therapist, usually in a clinical center. For these cases, there is a lack of computer-based self-training tools for minimizing the psychosocial impact of hearing deficiency. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a web-based auditory self-training system for adult and elderly users of hearing aids...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26147935/the-meaning-of-emotional-overinvolvement-in-early-development-prospective-relations-with-child-behavior-problems
#13
Tamar Y Khafi, Tuppett M Yates, Efrat Sher-Censor
Emotional overinvolvement (EOI) in parents’ Five Minute Speech Samples (FMSSs; Magaña-Amato, 1993) is thought to measure overconcern and enmeshment with one’s child. Although related to maladaptive outcomes in studies of adult children, FMSS EOI evidences varied relations with behavior problems in studies with young children. These mixed findings may indicate that certain FMSS EOI criteria reflect inappropriate and excessive involvement with adult children, but do not indicate maladaptive processes when parenting younger children...
August 2015: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25872520/parents-expressed-emotion-and-mood-rather-than-their-physical-disability-are-associated-with-adolescent-adjustment-a-longitudinal-study-of-families-with-a-parent-with-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Angeliki Bogosian, Julie Hadwin, Matthew Hankins, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the impact of the severity of parental multiple sclerosis, parents' expressed emotion and psychological well-being on offspring's psychological difficulties. DESIGN: A longitudinal study including baseline and 6-month follow-up data collected from parents and children. SUBJECTS: Adolescents (n=75), their parents with multiple sclerosis (n=56) and the partner without multiple sclerosis (n=40). MAIN MEASURES: Parents completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Five Minutes Speech Sample, a standardised interview of expressed emotion towards their child...
March 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25860811/perceived-expressed-emotion-in-adolescents-with-binge-eating-disorder
#15
Ricarda Schmidt, Anne Tetzlaff, Anja Hilbert
A sizeable body of research has documented Expressed Emotion (EE) to predict clinical outcomes in various psychiatric disorders, including eating disorders. Patients' perceptions of relative's EE, however, were found to play an important role in the processing of EE. This study aimed to examine the level of perceived EE in adolescent binge-eating disorder (BED) and its impact on eating disorder psychopathology. Adolescents (12-20 years) seeking treatment for BED (n = 40) were compared to adolescents without current or lifetime eating disorder (CG; n = 40)...
October 2015: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25739529/parenting-a-child-with-autism-in-india-narratives-before-and-after-a-parent-child-intervention-program
#16
Rachel S Brezis, Thomas S Weisner, Tamara C Daley, Nidhi Singhal, Merry Barua, Shreya P Chollera
In many low and middle income countries where autism-related resources are scarce, interventions must rely on family and parents. A 3-month Parent-Child Training Program (PCTP) at Action For Autism, New Delhi, India is aimed at empowering and educating parents, encouraging acceptance of their child, and decreasing parent stress. Forty couples were asked to describe their child with autism using the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS), an open-ended narrative method, before and after the program. Parents described a wide range of child behaviors, primarily social and cognitive skills...
June 2015: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25729632/validity-of-the-expressed-emotion-adjective-checklist-eeac-in-caregivers-of-children-with-mood-disorders
#17
Nicole M Klaus, Guillermo Perez Algorta, Andrea S Young, Mary A Fristad
Expressed Emotion (EE; criticism/hostility and emotional overinvolvement) displayed in family interactions has been associated with the presence and poorer course of multiple disorders in adults and children. As such, validating appropriate tools for measuring EE could have important implications for research and clinical practice. Child EE measures are limited though there are some established methods of assessing EE in adults. The Expressed Emotion Adjective Checklist (EEAC), a self-report measure of EE, has demonstrated validity with adults but has not been evaluated in child samples...
March 2015: Couple & Family Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25521064/mothers-expressed-emotion-towards-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-their-siblings
#18
G M Griffith, R P Hastings, M A Petalas, T J Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Expressed emotion (EE) is a construct used to measure the emotional climate within families. EE is of interest to researchers in the field of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) because of its putative implications for child development. The aim was to explore whether maternal EE differs towards a child with ASD and a non-disabled sibling. METHODS: We adopted a within-family design with 143 mothers of children with ASD and a non-disabled sibling. EE was measured using the Five-Minute Speech Sample...
June 2015: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25184287/linguistic-analysis-of-the-preschool-five-minute-speech-sample-what-the-parents-of-preschool-children-with-early-signs-of-adhd-say-and-how-they-say-it
#19
Elvira Perez, Melody Turner, Anthony Fisher, Joanna Lockwood, David Daley
A linguistic analysis was performed on the Preschool Five Minute Speech Sample (PFMSS) of 42 parents. PFMSS is a validated measure for Expressed Emotion (EE) to assess parent-child relationship. Half of these parents (n = 21, clinical group) had preschool children with early symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the rest had typically developing children. Early symptoms of ADHD were identified with the Werry-Weiss Peters Rating Scale. The linguistic component of the PFMSS was analysed with keyword and linguistic pattern identification...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25037461/interrelations-of-maternal-expressed-emotion-maltreatment-and-separation-divorce-and-links-to-family-conflict-and-children-s-externalizing-behavior
#20
Angela Narayan, Dante Cicchetti, Fred A Rogosch, Sheree L Toth
Research has documented that maternal expressed emotion-criticism (EE-Crit) from the Five-Minute Speech Sample (FMSS) predicts family conflict and children's externalizing behavior in clinical and community samples. However, studies have not examined EE-Crit in maltreating or separated/divorced families, or whether these family risks exacerbate the links between EE-Crit and family conflict and externalizing behavior. The current study examined the associations between maternal EE-Crit, maltreatment, and separation/divorce, and whether maltreatment and separation/divorce moderated associations between EE-Crit and children's externalizing problems, and EE-Crit and family conflict...
February 2015: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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