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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421402/the-effect-of-losses-disguised-as-wins-and-near-misses-in-electronic-gaming-machines-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
K R Barton, Y Yazdani, N Ayer, S Kalvapalle, S Brown, J Stapleton, D G Brown, K A Harrigan
Near misses and losses disguised as wins have been of interest to gambling researchers and policymakers for many years (e.g., Griffiths in J Gambl Stud 9(2):101-120, 1993). This systematic literature review describes the behavioural, psychological, and psychobiological effects of near misses and losses disguised as wins (LDWs) in an effort to evaluate their precise influence on the player and to highlight areas requiring further investigation. A systematic search for relevant studies was conducted using Scopus, PubMed, PsycINFO, ProQuest Sociology databases, and the Gambling Research Exchange Ontario Knowledge Repository...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413825/color-change-detection-activity-in-the-primate-superior-colliculus
#2
James P Herman, Richard J Krauzlis
The primate superior colliculus (SC) is a midbrain structure that participates in the control of spatial attention. Previous studies examining the role of the SC in attention have mostly used luminance-based visual features (e.g., motion, contrast) as the stimuli and saccadic eye movements as the behavioral response, both of which are known to modulate the activity of SC neurons. To explore the limits of the SC's involvement in the control of spatial attention, we recorded SC neuronal activity during a task using color, a visual feature dimension not traditionally associated with the SC, and required monkeys to detect threshold-level changes in the saturation of a cued stimulus by releasing a joystick during maintained fixation...
March 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406275/high-self-reported-non-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-amongst-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-malawi-barriers-and-associated-factors
#3
Maria H Kim, Alick C Mazenga, Xiaoying Yu, Saeed Ahmed, Mary E Paul, Peter N Kazembe, Elaine J Abrams
INTRODUCTION: Globally adolescents and young adults account for more than 40% of new HIV infections, and HIV-related deaths amongst adolescents increased by 50% from 2005 to 2012. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is critical to control viral replication and preserve health; however, there is a paucity of research on adherence amongst the growing population of adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALHIV) in Southern Africa. We examined levels of self-reported ART adherence, barriers to adherence, and factors associated with non-adherence amongst ALHIV in Malawi...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404198/molecular-fluorescence-guided-surgery-of-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-of-colorectal-origin-a-single-centre-feasibility-study
#4
Niels J Harlaar, Marjory Koller, Steven J de Jongh, Barbara L van Leeuwen, Patrick H Hemmer, Schelto Kruijff, Robert J van Ginkel, Lukas B Been, Johannes S de Jong, Gursah Kats-Ugurlu, Matthijs D Linssen, Annelies Jorritsma-Smit, Marleen van Oosten, Wouter B Nagengast, Vasilis Ntziachristos, Gooitzen M van Dam
BACKGROUND: Optimum cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is essential for the curative treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis of colorectal origin. At present, surgeons depend on visual inspection and palpation for tumour detection. Improved detection of tumour tissue using molecular fluorescence-guided surgery could not only help attain a complete cytoreduction of metastatic lesions, but might also prevent overtreatment by avoiding resection of benign lesions...
December 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400712/inverted-u-shaped-curvilinear-relationship-between-challenge-and-one-s-intrinsic-motivation-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#5
Qingguo Ma, Guanxiong Pei, Liang Meng
The balance between task demand and one's competence is critical for the maintenance of intrinsic motivation. According to Flow theory and Self-determination theory, optimal challenge gives rise to the maximum intrinsic motivation, and an inverted U-shaped curvilinear relationship between perceived challenge and one's intrinsic motivation is suggested. In order to provide direct experimental evidences for predictions of these theories, in this study, we employed the two-player StopWatch game that we previously designed, which made references to the game format of a badminton tournament...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364581/self-reported-confidence-in-patient-safety-knowledge-among-australian-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-multi-site-cross-sectional-survey-study
#6
Kim Usher, Cindy Woods, Glenda Parmenter, Marie Hutchinson, Judy Mannix, Tamara Power, Wendy Chaboyer, Sharon Latimer, Jane Mills, Lesley Siegloff, Debra Jackson
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is critical to the provision of quality health care and thus is an essential component of nurse education. OBJECTIVE: To describe first, second and third year Australian undergraduate nursing students' confidence in patient safety knowledge acquired in the classroom and clinical settings across the three years of the undergraduate nursing program. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey conducted in 2015. SETTING: Seven Australian universities with campuses across three states (Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia)...
March 25, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362186/a-proposal-for-a-new-classification-of-complications-in-craniosynostosis-surgery
#7
Dmitri Shastin, Sharron Peacock, Velu Guruswamy, Melpo Kapetanstrataki, David T Bonthron, Maggie Bellew, Vernon Long, Lachlan Carter, Ian Smith, John Goodden, John Russell, Mark Liddington, Paul Chumas
OBJECTIVE Complications have been used extensively to facilitate evaluation of craniosynostosis practice. However, description of complications tends to be nonstandardized, making comparison difficult. The authors propose a new pragmatic classification of complications that relies on prospective data collection, is geared to capture significant morbidity as well as any "near misses" in a systematic fashion, and can be used as a quality improvement tool. METHODS Data on complications for all patients undergoing surgery for nonsyndromic craniosynostosis between 2010 and 2015 were collected from a prospective craniofacial audit database maintained at the authors' institution...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351257/understanding-and-responding-to-severe-and-enduring-patient-distress-resulting-from-episodes-of-healthcare
#8
Linda Kenward
This article focuses on the severe, long-term and debilitating distress that may be experienced by patients as a result of their interactions with healthcare professionals and services. It is essential for healthcare professionals to be able to respond effectively to severe patient distress resulting from episodes of healthcare. Severe and enduring patient distress can occur in response to neglect - even when unintentional, misdiagnosis, surgical errors and/or deficits in the quality of care. Severe and enduring distress experienced by patients may go unacknowledged; the long-term consequences may not be recognised, or resolution may be presumed following formal apologies or receipt of compensation...
March 29, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344140/high-value-cost-conscious-care-iterative-systems-based-interventions-to-reduce-unnecessary-lab-testing
#9
Brett W Sadowski, Alison B Lane, Shannon M Wood, Sara L Robinson, Chin Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate testing contributes to soaring health care costs within the United States and teaching hospitals are vulnerable to providing care largely for academic development. Via its 'Choosing Wisely' campaign, the American Board of Internal Medicine recommends avoiding repetitive testing for stable inpatients. We designed systems-based interventions to reduce laboratory orders for patients admitted to the wards at an academic facility. METHODS: We identified the computer-based order entry system as an appropriate target for sustainable intervention...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334586/processes-for-identifying-and-reviewing-adverse-events-and-near-misses-at-an-academic-medical-center
#10
William Martinez, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Yue-Yung Hu, Sonali Parekh Desai, Jo Shapiro
BACKGROUND: Conferences, processes, and/or meetings in which adverse events and near misses are reviewed within clinical programs at a single academic medical center were identified. METHODS: Leaders of conferences, processes, or meetings-"process leaders"-in which adverse events and near misses were reviewed were surveyed. RESULTS: On the basis of responses from all 45 process leaders, processes were classified into (1) Morbidity and Mortality Conferences (MMCs), (2) Quality Assurance (QA) Meetings, and (3) Educational Conferences...
January 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299848/specimen-identification-errors-in-breast-biopsies-age-matters-report-of-two-near-miss-events-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Gary Tozbikian, Mary L Gemignani, Edi Brogi
The consequences of patient identification errors due to specimen mislabeling can be deleterious. We describe two near-miss events involving mislabeled breast specimens from two patients who sought treatment at our institution. In both cases, microscopic review of the slides identified inconsistencies between the histologic findings and patient age, unveiling specimen identification errors. By correlating the clinical information with the microscopic findings, we identified mistakes that had occurred at the time of specimen accessioning at the original laboratories...
March 16, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289254/mechanistic-movement-models-to-understand-epidemic-spread
#12
REVIEW
Abdou Moutalab Fofana, Amy Hurford
An overlooked aspect of disease ecology is considering how and why animals come into contact with one and other resulting in disease transmission. Mathematical models of disease spread frequently assume mass-action transmission, justified by stating that susceptible and infectious hosts mix readily, and foregoing any detailed description of host movement. Numerous recent studies have recorded, analysed and modelled animal movement. These movement models describe how animals move with respect to resources, conspecifics and previous movement directions and have been used to understand the conditions for the occurrence and the spread of infectious diseases when hosts perform a type of movement...
May 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248748/informing-the-design-of-a-new-pragmatic-registry-to-stimulate-near-miss-reporting-in-ambulatory-care
#13
Elizabeth R Pfoh, Lilly Engineer, Hardeep Singh, Laura Lee Hall, Ethan D Fried, Zackary Berger, Albert W Wu
OBJECTIVE: Ambulatory care safety is of emerging concern, especially in light of recent studies related to diagnostic errors and health information technology-related safety. Safety reporting systems in outpatient care must address the top safety concerns and be practical and simple to use. A registry that can identify common near misses in ambulatory care can be useful to facilitate safety improvements. We reviewed the literature on medical errors in the ambulatory setting to inform the design of a registry for collecting near miss incidents...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236684/near-miss-experiences-of-transport-and-recreational-cyclists-in-new-south-wales-australia-findings-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
R G Poulos, J Hatfield, C Rissel, L K Flack, L Shaw, R Grzebieta, A S McIntosh
This paper investigates events in which cyclists perceive a cycling crash is narrowly avoided (henceforth, a near miss). A cohort of 2038 adult transport and recreational cyclists from New South Wales (Australia) provided self-reported prospectively collected data from cycling diaries to allow the calculation of an exposure-based rate of near misses and investigation of near miss circumstances. During 25,971days of cycling, 3437 near misses were reported. For a given time cycling, cyclists who rode mainly for transport (compared with those who rode mainly for recreation), and cyclists with less experience (compared to those with more experience) were more likely to report a near miss; older cyclists (60+ years) were less likely to report a near miss than younger cyclists (25-59 years)...
February 22, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193186/afghan-migrants-face-more-suboptimal-care-than-natives-a-maternal-near-miss-audit-study-at-university-hospitals-in-tehran-iran
#15
Soheila Mohammadi, Soraya Saleh Gargari, Masoumeh Fallahian, Carina Källestål, Shirin Ziaei, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Women from low-income settings have higher risk of maternal near miss (MNM) and suboptimal care than natives in high-income countries. Iran is the second largest host country for Afghan refugees in the world. Our aim was to investigate whether care quality for MNM differed between Iranians and Afghans and identify potential preventable attributes of MNM. METHODS: An MNM audit study was conducted from 2012 to 2014 at three university hospitals in Tehran...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191498/a-prospective-study-of-patient-safety-incidents-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopy
#16
Manmeet Matharoo, Adam Haycock, Nick Sevdalis, Siwan Thomas-Gibson
Background and study aims Medical error occurs frequently with significant morbidity and mortality. This study aime to assess the frequency and type of endoscopy patient safety incidents (PSIs). Patients and methods A prospective observational study of PSIs in routine diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy was undertaken in a secondary and tertiary care center. Observations were undertaken within the endoscopy suite across pre-procedure, intra-procedure and post-procedure phases of care. Experienced (Consultant-level) and trainee endoscopists from medical, surgical, and nursing specialities were included...
January 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185075/paediatric-patient-safety-and-the-need-for-aviation-black-box-thinking-to-learn-from-and-prevent-medication-errors
#17
REVIEW
Chi Huynh, Ian C K Wong, Jo Correa-West, David Terry, Suzanne McCarthy
Since the publication of To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System in 1999, there has been much research conducted into the epidemiology, nature and causes of medication errors in children, from prescribing and supply to administration. It is reassuring to see growing evidence of improving medication safety in children; however, based on media reports, it can be seen that serious and fatal medication errors still occur. This critical opinion article examines the problem of medication errors in children and provides recommendations for research, training of healthcare professionals and a culture shift towards dealing with medication errors...
April 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178011/nursing-student-patient-safety-errors-in-the-practice-domain-a-scoping-review-protocol-of-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#18
June Raymond, Christina M Godfrey, Jennifer M Medves, Amanda Ross-White
The objective of this scoping review is to identify the range of patient safety events that includes patient safety errors, harms or near misses that student nurses make while nursing in their clinical placements. The question that will guide this review is: what types of hazards, healthcare-associated harms, patient safety incidents, reportable circumstances, near misses, harmful incidents, no harm incidents and injuries to patients are being made and reported by nursing students during their practice in healthcare facilities?...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164258/the-epidemiology-of-homicide-perpetration-by-children
#19
David Hemenway, Sara J Solnick
BACKGROUND: The United States has by far the highest rates of homicide perpetration among high-income countries. The perpetration of homicide by children is often newsworthy, but little is known about the incidence or the circumstances of child homicide perpetration. METHODS: We use data from the sixteen states reporting to the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) for all years 2005-2012. We read every violent death report that was classified a homicide with a child suspect (aged 0-14)...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152959/the-impact-of-a-just-culture-environment-on-the-reporting-of-medication-errors-near-misses
#20
Shani Michelle Weber
131 Background: UPMC CancerCenter is a large outpatient medical oncology network of 25 locations, located within a 200 mile radius of Pittsburgh, PA. The Cancer Center administers approximately 118,000 treatments and 38,000 injections per year by 200 oncology nurses. Staff members have been strongly encouraged for years to report not only medication errors but also near misses. Despite the continual encouragement it was suspected that the actual number of reported medication errors and near misses was frequently underreported...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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