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Qualitative methods in education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346395/evaluation-of-participatory-teaching-methods-in-undergraduate-medical-students-learning-along-the-first-academic-courses
#1
Beatriz Gal, Margarita Rubio, Eva Iglesias, Purificación González
The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) is an opportunity to redesign medical education. Academic training is now focused on acquiring not only knowledge, but also those competencies critical to face complex professional scenarios. Together with re-evaluating traditional teaching methods, EHEA has forced a technological shift in the way we teach. By critically assessing the impact of novel teaching methodologies, we can better define biomedical education demands. Here, we address this question on a sample of medical students instructed in basic subjects along the first two academic courses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346226/preparing-physiotherapy-students-for-clinical-placement-student-perceptions-of-low-cost-peer-simulation-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Narelle Dalwood, Stephen Maloney, Narelle Cox, Prue Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Simulation is increasingly used in health care education, yet the organizational and financial costs can be prohibitive. This study aimed to investigate whether peer simulation is perceived by third-year undergraduate physiotherapy students as valuable for clinical placement preparation. METHODS: Third-year undergraduate physiotherapy students participated in a 9-week peer simulation program, using each other as patients, and were invited to complete two surveys evaluating perceptions of the program...
January 17, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344773/beyond-content-cultural-perspectives-on-using-the-internet-to-deliver-a-sexual-health-intervention-to-american-indian-youth
#3
Kirsten J Black, Bradley Morse, Nicole Tuitt, CeCe Big Crow, Carly Shangreau, Carol E Kaufman
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) youth are characterized by high rates of pregnancy and risky sexual behavior. Reaching these youth with culturally appropriate interventions is difficult due to geographic dispersion and cultural isolation. Online interventions can provide opportunities for reaching and engaging AIAN youth. However, electronic interventions are also impersonal and this can be culturally incongruous for AIANs and other populations for whom traditional ceremonies, practices and patterns of interpersonal communication are central...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344536/a-cry-for-help-and-protest-self-immolation-in-young-kurdish-iraqi-women-a-qualitative-study
#4
Pakestan Mohammad Amin, Jila Mirlashari, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi
Background: Suicide is a major psychiatric emergency that has always been a topic of great interest to researchers. Self-immolation is a heinous suicide method that is common in Eastern societies. The present study was conducted to explore probable issues which might lead to self-immolation in young Kurdish Iraqi women. Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted in Soran, Erbil Governorate in Iraq, and the surrounding villages of Soran District (March 2015 to May 2016)...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344525/psychometric-properties-of-the-communication-skills-attitude-scale-csas-measure-in-a-sample-of-iranian-medical-students
#5
Afsaneh Yakhforoshha, Mandana Shirazi, Naser Yousefzadeh, Amin Ghanbarnejad, Mohammadali Cheraghi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Behrooz Mahmoodi-Bakhtiari, Seyed Amir Hossein Emami
Introduction: Communication skill (CS) has been regarded as one of the fundamental competencies for medical and other health care professionals. Student's attitude toward learning CS is a key factor in designing educational interventions. The original CSAS, as positive and negative subscales, was developed in the UK; however, there is no scale to measure these attitudes in Iran. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric characteristic of the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS), in an Iranian context and to understand if it is a valid tool to assess attitude toward learning communication skills among health care professionals...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344456/early-clinical-exposure-as-a-learning-tool-to-teach-neuroanatomy-for-first-year-mbbs-students
#6
Maitreyee Kar, Chinmaya Kar, Hironmoy Roy, Parmod Goyal
Context: Early clinical exposure (ECE) is one of the important tools to teach basic science to the MBBS students. It is one form of vertical integration between basic science and clinical subjects. This study is an effort at exploring the use of ECE as a motivational tool toward better learning in neuroanatomy for first year MBBS students. Aim: This study aims to make the students interested and motivated to study neuroanatomy by using ECE as learning tool in neuroanatomy and to make the students enable to retain the knowledge of neuroanatomy more efficiently and correlate the knowledge of neuroanatomy with neuromedicine...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344040/health-journalism-health-reporting-status-and-challenges
#7
Mahrokh Keshvari, Niko Yamani, Peyman Adibi, Hossein Shahnazi
Background: Media play crucial role in disseminating health information. Due to the importance of accurate health news reports, and the national need to professionalism in health journalism, this study aimed to investigate the characteristics of health journalists, and health reporting status and the challenges involved. Materials and Methods: Using consensus sampling, this descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on all health news reporters in Isfahan (34 journalists) in 2015-2016...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341818/medicine-as-it-should-be-teaching-team-and-teamwork-during-a-palliative-care-clerkship
#8
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340600/development-and-impact-of-a-massive-open-online-course-mooc-for-antimicrobial-stewardship
#9
Jacqueline Sneddon, Gavin Barlow, Sally Bradley, Adrian Brink, Sujith J Chandy, Dilip Nathwani
Background: The University of Dundee and the BSAC developed a massive open online course (MOOC) to address the global need for education to support antimicrobial stewardship in low- and middle-income countries. Methods: An interactive course, Antimicrobial Stewardship: Managing Antibiotic Resistance, was developed and delivered via the FutureLearn© platform. The course ran over four 6 week periods during 2015 and 2016 supported by educators and was evaluated via data on uptake and feedback from learners on impact on clinical practice...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339935/dietetic-interns-perceptions-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-an-exploratory-study
#10
Rachel J Hinrichs
Objective: This study explored dietetic interns' perceptions and knowledge of evidence-based practice (EBP), their use and observation of EBP principles during their clinical rotations, and their intentions to use EBP in their careers. Methods: A mixed methods design combining a survey and focus group was employed. Dietetic interns (n=16) from a large Midwestern university were recruited in person and via email to participate in the survey, focus group, or both...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335907/content-of-first-prenatal-visits
#11
J Dyer, G Latendresse, E Cole, J Coleman, E Rothwell
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the content of the first prenatal visit within an academic medical center clinic and to compare the topics discussed to 2014 American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists guidelines for the initial prenatal visit. Methods Clinical interactions were audio recorded and transcribed (n = 30). A content analysis was used to identify topics discussed during the initial prenatal visit. Topics discussed were then compared to the 2014 ACOG guidelines for adherence...
January 15, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334521/new-educational-model-to-promote-breast-cancer-preventive-behaviors-assists-development-and-first-evaluation
#12
Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Tahereh Pashaei, Rashin Alizadeh, Koen Ponnet
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of breast cancer in Iran has increased. An effective approach to decrease the burden of breast cancer is prevention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate an educational model, called the ASSISTS, for promoting breast cancer-preventive behaviors in women. METHODS: A multiphase method was used to develop the model designed to promote breast cancer prevention behaviors. A conceptual model was generated based on a secondary analysis of qualitative data...
January 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334297/perceptions-of-older-people-s-oral-health-care-among-nurses-working-in-geriatric-home-care
#13
Taru Aro, Marjo Laitala, Anna-Maija Syrjälä, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Jorma I Virtanen
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates nurses' self-reported experiences and perceptions of older people's oral health care using a qualitative method. METHODS: We interviewed 10 nurses working in geriatric home care who regularly visit and take care of older people in their homes. The interviews consisted of semi-structured questions. The interviews were then transcribed and analysed. RESULTS: All nurses were aware of the connection between oral health and general health, but more detailed knowledge about oral health was lacking and confidence in oral health care practices was limited...
January 15, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329117/ce-original-research-physical-activity-among-chinese-american-immigrants-with-prediabetes-or-type-2-diabetes
#14
Sophia H Hu, Mei R Fu, Shan Liu, Yen-Kuang Lin, Wen-Yin Chang
Findings from this mixed-methods study reveal deficits and suggest areas for change. ABSTRACT: Background: Although the benefits of aerobic exercise and strength training for patients with type 2 diabetes have been studied extensively, research on physical activity among Chinese American immigrants diagnosed with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes has been limited. PURPOSE: We sought to learn more about this population's knowledge of physical activity, the types and intensity levels performed, and the barriers to such activity...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328043/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-medical-education-in-georgia-state-of-the-art-and-further-perspectives
#15
I Nadareishvili, K Lunze, G Pkhakadze, N Japiashvili, N Tabagari
Aim - complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular in Georgia, but providers' training not well understood or regulated. The aim of this mixed-methods study was to inform the process of implementing quality CAM curricula in Georgia and strategies for the inclusion of effective CAM curricula into medical education in Georgia. We analyzed existing medical curricula. We conducted a contextual analysis based of qualitative data collected from relevant medical education experts, qualified physicians, CAM practitioners and other stakeholders; and administered a quantitative MD students' survey to MD students...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326036/exploring-young-mothers-experiences-with-postpartum-contraception-in-ottawa-results-from-a-multi-methods-qualitative-study
#16
Elyse Fortier, Angel M Foster
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum contraception plays a significant role in reducing subsequent pregnancy. However, young mothers in Ottawa, the capital of Canada, face various barriers when trying to access contraception after delivery. Through this project we aimed to explore these barriers and understand the decision-making processes of young mothers surrounding postpartum contraception. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted 10 semi-structured in-depth interviews with young mothers living in Ottawa who had experienced a subsequent pregnancy within 24 months of their first childbirth...
January 8, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325661/facebook-the-use-of-social-media-to-engage-parents-in-a-preschool-obesity-prevention-curriculum
#17
Taren M Swindle, Wendy L Ward, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the use of Facebook to deliver health-related education materials to augment a preschool classroom-based obesity prevention curriculum. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, mixed methods (descriptive and interviews). SETTING: Head Start classrooms administered by 2 large agencies (1 rural and 1 urban). PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of parents in 13 classrooms (cohort 1, 3 classrooms; cohort 2, 10 classrooms)...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325541/interprofessional-collaboration-in-nursing-homes-interprof-development-and-piloting-of-measures-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-communication-a-qualitative-multicentre-study
#18
Christiane A Müller, Nina Fleischmann, Christoph Cavazzini, Susanne Heim, Svenja Seide, Christina Geister, Britta Tetzlaff, Andreas Hoell, Jochen Werle, Siegfried Weyerer, Martin Scherer, Eva Hummers
BACKGROUND: Given both the increase of nursing home residents forecast and challenges of current interprofessional interactions, we developed and tested measures to improve collaboration and communication between nurses and general practitioners (GPs) in this setting. Our multicentre study has been funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (FK 01GY1124). METHODS: The measures were developed iteratively in a continuous process, which is the focus of this article...
January 11, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324941/adolescent-health-promotion-based-on-community-centered-arts-education
#19
Anny Giselly Milhome da Costa Farre, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro, Neiva Francenely Cunha Vieira, Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Maria Dalva Dos Santos Alves, Estela Maria Leite Meirelles Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of arts education to health promotion of adolescents in situations of urban social vulnerability. METHOD: Participatory evaluative research, with a qualitative approach, using as a reference the theoretical constructs of Paulo Freire's Conscientization and the Empowerment Evaluation as a method of collecting with adolescents and teachers of an arts education program in the field of the Family Health Strategy. RESULTS: Participants constructed a collective mission that represented the concept of adolescent health promotion...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317936/what-does-it-take-to-change-practice-perspectives-of-pharmacists-in-ontario
#20
Paul A M Gregory, Beatriz Teixeira, Zubin Austin
Background: This is a time of rapid change in the profession of pharmacy. Anecdotally, there are concerns that the pace, extent and rate of practice evolution are lagging. There is little evidence documenting the influencers and mechanisms that drive practice changes forward in pharmacy in Canada. Methods: An exploratory qualitative method was selected, using both one-on-one interviews with self-categorized typical pharmacists and larger focus groups to provide context and confirmation of themes generated through interviews...
January 2018: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
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