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Qualitative methods in education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431502/inequalities-in-health-care-utilization-for-common-childhood-illnesses-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-survey
#1
Asmamaw Atnafu Ayalneh, Dagnachew Muluye Fetene, Tae Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Globally, 5.9 million children under the age of five died in 2015. More than half and almost one-third of those deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, respectively. Diarrhea and Pneumonia, which were the major causes of the problem, accounted for more than two million deaths of the world's youngest children every year. Like other developing countries, child health services utilization is low in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to identify the determinant factors for the inequalities in medical treatment seeking behavior for common childhood illnesses in Ethiopia...
April 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428673/migrant-general-practitioners-experiences-of-using-interpreters-in-health-care-a-qualitative-explorative-study
#2
Ferid Krupic, Kristian Samuelsson, Nabi Fatahi, Olof Skoldenberg, Arkan S Sayed-Noor
BACKGROUND: According to the UNHCR, 250 million people currently live outside their country of birth. The growing multicultural population poses a major challenge to healthcare professionals who aim to provide individualized, holistic care, which respects the individual's autonomy. To ensure basic rights, healthcare interventions should be guided by the value of benefiting others; individuals should be treated honestly, equally, and impartially. OBJECTIVE: To investigate immigrant doctors' experiences of using interpreters in the Swedish health-care system...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#3
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426909/nursing-and-pharmacy-students-use-of-emotionally-intelligent-behaviours-to-manage-challenging-interpersonal-situations-with-staff-during-clinical-placement-a-qualitative-study
#4
Andrea McCloughen, Kim Foster
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify challenging interpersonal interactions experienced by nursing and pharmacy students during clinical placement, and strategies used to manage those situations. BACKGROUND: Healthcare students and staff experience elevated stress when exposed to dynamic clinical environments, complex care, and challenging professional relationships. Emotionally intelligent behaviours are associated with appropriate recognition and management of emotions evoked by stressful experiences, and development of effective relationships...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426356/focus-group-findings-of-smoking-onset-among-male-youth-in-china
#5
Vivian C Sheer, Chang Molly Mao, Yi-Ru Regina Chen
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is associated with smoking initiation among men in China. The lack of qualitative studies using Chinese adolescent samples can pose challenges to enacting effective smoking prevention messages that resonate with male Chinese teenagers' thoughts, needs, and wishes. OBJECTIVE: This focus group study was designed to obtain in-depth contextual information on early smoking among male teenagers in China. METHODS: Twenty focus groups of 7-10 male students from vocational and junior colleges (N = 165) were conducted, approximately half in Shanxi and half in Guangdong...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422448/the-benefits-of-clinical-facilitators-on-improving-stroke-care-in-acute-hospitals-a-new-program-for-australia
#6
Tara Purvis, Karen Moss, Linda Francis, Karen Borschmann, Monique F Kilkenny, Sonia Denisenko, Christopher F Bladin, Dominique A Cadilhac
BACKGROUND: Care gaps for stroke lead to preventable disability and deaths. The Victorian State Government implemented a program of employing clinical Facilitators on a fixed-term basis for up to three years (2008-2011) in eight hospitals to improve stroke care. The Facilitators were to establish stroke units where absent, implement evidence-based management protocols and provide staff education within an agreed work plan. The aim of this study was to determine if the Facilitator role was associated with improved stroke care, and to describe factors supporting or mitigating enhancements to care...
April 19, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411873/-survey-adaptation-for-bio-behavioural-surveillance-of-hiv-in-chilean-female-sex-workers
#7
Bielka Carvajal, Valeria Stuardo, José Manuel Manríquez, Julieta Belmar, Cinta Folch
OBJECTIVE: To adapt a behavioural questionnaire for second-generation HIV/AIDS surveillance in female sex workers (FSWs) in the Metropolitan Region, Chile. METHODS: Qualitative study of instruments validation. A Spanish instrument adapted in Catalonia was validated through a translation and back-translation of the original version. The content validity was determined through a modified Delphi method, via FSW and HIV experts representing community, political and institutional levels...
April 12, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409167/changes-in-daily-life-of-iranian-patients-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-a-qualitative-study
#8
Nilofar Pasyar, Farkhondeh Sharif, Mahnaz Rakhshan, Mohammad Hossein Nikoo, Elham Navab
BACKGROUND: Although Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) saves the life of patients with life-threatening ventricular dysrhythmias, it causes various challenges in their life span. Considering the increase in the number of ICD users, more knowledge is required regarding changes in the patients' life after device implantation. The aim of this study was description of changes in daily life of patients after ICD implantation. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted through content analysis method...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409052/job-satisfaction-analysis-in-rural-china-a-qualitative-study-of-doctors-in-a-township-hospital
#9
Qiwei Chen, Lan Yang, Qiming Feng, Scott S Tighe
Background. Township hospitals in China provide rural communities with basic but much needed critical health care services. The doctors working in these hospitals often feel unsatisfied when considering their work schedules and financial rewards. Method. To explore job satisfaction of health workers in a township hospital, a qualitative study was conducted of 39 doctors from five township hospitals in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The goal was to understand the level of job satisfaction of doctors and to make recommendations for improvements...
2017: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407389/the-therapeutic-role-of-mental-health-nurses-in-psychiatric-intensive-care-a-mixed-methods-investigation-in-an-inner-city-mental-health-service
#10
Sarah MCAllister, Niall MCCrae
INTRODUCTION: Despite indications that therapeutic interaction is beneficial for patients and for nurses' job satisfaction in acute psychiatric care, research shows a small amount of nurses' time is spent on such activity. AIMS: This study investigated the actual and potential therapeutic role of the mental health nurse in psychiatric intensive care, where admission is due to violence or aggression. METHODS: In a mixed-methods concurrent triangulation design, clinician and patient activity was observed using a structured measurement tool, and qualitative interviews were conducted with four practitioners and six patients...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399607/surgeon-reported-needs-for-improved-training-in-identifying-and-managing-free-flap-compromise
#11
Catherine McMillan, Veerle D'Hondt, Alexandra H Marshall, Paul Binhammer, Joan Lipa, Laura Snell
Background This study examined the need for improved training in the identification and management of free flap (FF) compromise and assessed a potential role for simulated scenario training. Methods Online needs assessment surveys were completed by plastic surgeons and a subsample with expertise in microsurgery education participated in focus groups. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and mixed qualitative methods. Results In this study, 77 surgeons completed surveys and 11 experts participated in one of two focus groups...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398984/experiences-of-pre-licensure-or-pre-registration-health-professional-students-and-their-educators-in-working-with-intra-professional-teams-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#12
Diane L Butcher, Karen MacKinnon, Anne Bruce, Carol Gordon, Clare Koning
BACKGROUND: Inter-professional initiatives are prevalent in the healthcare landscape, requiring professionals to collaborate effectively to provide quality patient care. Little attention has been given to intra-professional relationships, where professionals within one disciplinary domain (such as degree and diploma nursing students) collaborate to provide care. New care models are being introduced where baccalaureate and diploma students of a particular discipline (such as nursing, occupational therapy, dentistry or physiotherapy) work closely together in teams to deliver care...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395588/health-promotion-in-medical-education-lessons-from-a-major-undergraduate-curriculum-implementation
#13
Ann Wylie, Kathleen Leedham-Green
Despite the economic, environmental and patient-related imperatives to prepare medical students to become health promoting doctors, health promotion remains relatively deprioritised in medical curricula. This paper uses an in-depth case study of a health promotion curriculum implementation at a large UK medical school to provide insights into the experiences of teachers and learners across a range of topics, pedagogies, and teaching & assessment modalities. Topics included smoking cessation, behavioural change approaches to obesity, exercise prescribing, social prescribing, maternal and child health, public and global health; with pedagogies ranging from e-learning to practice-based project work...
April 10, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392267/what-is-known-about-the-attributes-of-a-successful-surgical-trainer-a-systematic-review
#14
Ben Dean, Luke Jones, Patrick Garfjeld Roberts, Jonathan Rees
BACKGROUND: Surgical training has been subject to significant upheaval in recent years with an increasingly rigorous assessment regimen for trainees. The assessment of surgical trainers is less well evolved by comparison. Recent proposals from the Royal College of Surgeons of England recommend "professionalising the trainers." However, they do not suggest any accepted or validated methods of trainer assessment, nor do they indicate how these might be implemented and monitored in a real-world training program to determine their effect on trainee outcomes...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391503/application-of-the-theoretical-domains-framework-and-the-behaviour-change-wheel-to-understand-physicians-behaviors-and-behavior-change-in-using-temporary-work-modifications-for-return-to-work-a-qualitative-study
#15
Ritva Horppu, K P Martimo, E MacEachen, T Lallukka, E Viikari-Juntura
Purpose Applying the theoretical domains framework (TDF) and the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) to understand physicians' behaviors and behavior change in using temporary work modifications (TWMs) for return to work (RTW). Methods Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 15 occupational physicians (OPs). Responses were coded using the TDF and the BCW. Results Key behaviors related to applying TWMs were initiating the process with the employee, making recommendations to the workplace, and following up the process...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390546/an-investigation-into-breast-imaging-as-part-of-the-undergraduate-ug-education-of-diagnostic-radiography-students-in-the-uk
#16
R M Strudwick, K Taylor
INTRODUCTION: How mammography is incorporated into undergraduate (UG) radiography training may influence student perception of the speciality and its potential as a future career option. An overview is provided of the academic and clinical content of UG radiography courses relating to mammography across the UK. METHODS: Using mixed methods and an iterative, inductive approach supplying quantitative and qualitative data, we identify any variations and discuss possible causes which may help influence future training strategies...
May 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389231/using-a-flipped-classroom-and-the-perspective-of-families-to-teach-medical-students-about-children-with-disabilities-and-special-education
#17
Mary E Sheppard, Nancy Vitalone-Raccaro, Jacqueline M Kaari, Taiwo T Ajumobi
BACKGROUND: The need to teach medical students to care for children with disabilities, work effectively with these patients' families, and collaborate with schools has been well established. Yet, what is not clear is the exact nature of the content to be taught and how medical schools develop the systems and enabling structures required to ensure medical education responds to the needs of children with disabilities and their families. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and assess the efficacy of an educational intervention designed to introduce the topics of special education law and practices and working with parents of children with disabilities into an undergraduate medical education pediatrics course...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389106/development-of-the-green-garden-resources-education-and-environment-nexus-tool-an-evidence-based-model-for-school-garden-integration
#18
Kate Gardner Burt, Pamela Koch, Isobel Contento
BACKGROUND: Researchers have established the benefits of school gardens on students' academic achievement, dietary outcomes, physical activity, and psychosocial skills, yet limited research has been conducted about how school gardens become institutionalized and sustained. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop a tool that captures how gardens are effectively established, integrated, and sustained in schools. DESIGN: We conducted a sequential, exploratory, mixed-methods study...
April 4, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388338/lessons-from-the-field-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-hair-stylists-reflections-on-their-experience-as-lay-health-educators
#19
Susan Roberts-Dobie, Addie Rasmusson, Mary E Losch
Beauty salons are unique settings to provide community-based health education. The Speak UP! Salon Project trained hair stylists to deliver health messages related to reducing unintended pregnancy to female clients in the 18-30-year age range. The project ran from 2009 through 2011. Mid-way through the project, we held focus groups with stylists and administered a questionnaire as concurrent process evaluation measures. Forty-seven of the 93 stylists then active in the project attended one of 11 focus groups...
April 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387185/influence-of-caregiver-s-sociodemographic-background-on-the-oral-health-status-and-care-of-hiv-infected-children
#20
Marina Alvine de Jesus, Apoena de Aguiar Ribeiro, Paula Moraes Lima, Thomaz Chianca, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de Souza, Gloria Fernanda Barbosa de Araujo Castro
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics of caregivers and the oral health of their children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV+) compared to a group of HIV-children and their caregivers. METHODS: One hundred forty HIV+ and 140 healthy two- to five-year-old children and their caregivers who sought care at hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, participated. Caregivers were interviewed for sociodemographic characteristics, and knowledge and attitudes regarding oral health...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
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