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Qualitative methods in education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634545/herbal-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-tanzanian-adults-admitted-with-hypertension-related-diseases-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Anthony Liwa, Rebecca Roediger, Hyasinta Jaka, Amina Bougaila, Luke Smart, Stacey Langwick, Robert Peck
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is increasingly common in sub-Saharan Africa where traditional medicine use is also common. We conducted a hospital-based, mixed-methods study to determine prevalence, pattern, and correlates of herbal and alternative medicine use in Tanzanian adults hospitalized with hypertension. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was administered. In-depth interviews were performed on a subset of participants. Factors associated with herbal medicine use were determined by logistic regression...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631171/qualitative-assessment-of-vaccination-hesitancy-among-members-of-the-apostolic-church-of-zimbabwe-a-case-study
#2
Z Machekanyanga, S Ndiaye, R Gerede, K Chindedza, C Chigodo, M E Shibeshi, J Goodson, F Daniel, L Zimmerman, R Kaiser
Vaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from various stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptions of, vaccines through focus group discussions with health workers serving Apostolic communities and members of the National Expanded Programme on Immunization; semi-structured interviews with religious leaders; and open-ended questions in structured interviews with Apostolic parents/caregivers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622531/explaining-transgression-in-respiratory-rate-observation-methods-in-the-emergency-department-a-classic-grounded-theory-analysis
#3
Tracy Flenady, Trudy Dwyer, Judith Applegarth
BACKGROUND: Abnormal respiratory rates are one of the first indicators of clinical deterioration in emergency department(ED) patients. Despite the importance of respiratory rate observations, this vital sign is often inaccurately recorded on ED observation charts, compromising patient safety. Concurrently, there is a paucity of research reporting why this phenomenon occurs. OBJECTIVE: To develop a substantive theory explaining ED registered nurses' reasoning when they miss or misreport respiratory rate observations...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619410/an-international-collaboration-for-the-training-of-medical-chief-residents-in-rwanda
#4
Tim Walker, Vincent Dusabejambo, Janet J Ho, Claudine Karigire, Bradley Richards, Andre N Sofair
BACKGROUND: The year-long position of chief medical resident is a time-honored tradition in the United States that serves to provide the trainee with an opportunity to gain further skills as a clinician, leader, teacher, liaison, and administrator. However, in most training programs in the developing world, this role does not exist. OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop a collaborative program to train the first medical chief residents for the University of Rwanda and to assess the impact of the new chief residency on residency training, using questionnaires and qualitative interviews with Rwandan faculty, chief residents, and residents...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619038/the-experiences-of-women-with-maternal-near-miss-and-their-perception-of-quality-of-care-in-kelantan-malaysia-a-qualitative-study
#5
Mohd Noor Norhayati, Nik Hussain Nik Hazlina, Ab Razak Asrenee, Zaharah Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality has been the main way of ascertaining the outcome of maternal and obstetric care. However, maternal morbidities occur more frequently than maternal deaths; therefore, maternal near miss was suggested as a more useful indicator for the evaluation and improvement of maternal health services. Our study aimed to explore the experiences of women with maternal near miss and their perception of the quality of care in Kelantan, Malaysia. METHODS: A qualitative phenomenological approach with in-depth interview method was conducted in two tertiary hospitals in Kelantan, Malaysia...
June 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619020/medical-students-can-teach-communication-skills-a-mixed-methods-study-of-cross-year-peer-tutoring
#6
Osamu Nomura, Hirotaka Onishi, Hiroyuki Kato
BACKGROUND: Cross-year peer tutoring (CYPT) of medical students is recognized as an effective learning tool. The aim of this study is to investigate the non-inferiority of the objective outcome of medical interview training with CYPT compared with the results of faculty-led training (FLT), and to explore qualitatively the educational benefits of CYPT. METHODS: We conducted a convergent mixed methods study including a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial and two focus groups...
June 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618054/ethics-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-aged-care
#7
Catherine Cook, Vanessa Schouten, Mark Henrickson, Sandra Mcdonald
AIM: To analyse the accounts of staff, family and residents in order to advance ethical insights into intimacy and sexuality in residential care. BACKGROUND: Discourses of ageing readily construct people in residential aged care as post-sexual, vulnerable and at risk of sexual exploitation and therefore expressions of intimacy and sexuality may be responded to as deviant and inherently risky. Staff may manage decision-making tacitly, without recourse to policies and education...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618040/optimising-implementation-of-a-patient-assessment-framework-for-emergency-nurses-a-mixed-method-study
#8
Belinda Munroe, Kate Curtis, Thomas Buckley, Melinda Lewis, Lou Atkins
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine potential facilitators and barriers and tailor interventions to optimise future implementation of a patient-assessment framework into emergency nursing practice. BACKGROUND: An evidence-informed patient-assessment framework HIRAID (History, Identify Red flags, Assessment, Interventions, Diagnostics, communication and reassessment) improves the quality of patient assessments performed by emergency nurses. Facilitators and barriers must be understood and tailored interventions selected to optimise implementation...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616957/-what-are-the-main-factors-assisting-general-practitioners-in-the-development-of-educational-strategies
#9
Anthony Chapron, Laure Fiquet, Emmanuel Allory, Graziella Brinchault, Sandrine Hugé, Jeanine Pommier
General practitioners (GP) are in a special position to conduct educational strategies for their patients with chronic disease. Despite the GP’s desire to be involved in patient education, this approach remains underdeveloped.Objective: To determine the factors required support the development of educational strategies in general practice from the GPs’ perspective.Methods: Qualitative study based on a “modified nominal group technique” carried out among 21 GPs (not specifically trained in patient education) participating as investigators in an interventional study testing a structured educational strategy...
March 6, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#10
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615011/lessons-from-implementing-mass-drug-administration-for-soil-transmitted-helminths-among-pre-school-aged-children-during-school-based-deworming-program-at-the-kenyan-coast
#11
Rosemary M Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Janet Masaku, Gladys Odhiambo, Faith Mwende, Isaac Thuita, Jimmy Kihara, Doris Njomo
BACKGROUND: The 2012 London declaration which committed to "sustaining, expanding and extending drug access programmes to ensure the necessary supply of drugs and other interventions to help control soil-transmitted helminths (STH) by 2020" has seen many countries in Africa roll out mass drug administration (MDA) especially among school age children. In Kenya, however, during the National school-based deworming exercise, pre-school aged children (PSAC) have to access treatment at primary schools as the pre-school teachers are not trained to carry out deworming...
June 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614997/resilience-based-diabetes-self-management-education-perspectives-from-african-american-participants-community-leaders-and-healthcare-providers
#12
H Matthew Lehrer, Susan K Dubois, Sharon A Brown, Mary A Steinhardt
Purpose The purpose of this qualitative, focus group study was to further refine the Resilience-Based Diabetes Self-Management Education (RB-DSME) recruitment process and intervention, build greater trust in the community, and identify strategies to enhance its sustainability as a community-based intervention in African American church settings. Methods Six 2-hour focus groups (N = 55; 10 men and 45 women) were led by a trained moderator with a written guide to facilitate discussion. Two sessions were conducted with individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who participated in previous RB-DSME pilot interventions and their family members, two sessions with local church leaders, and two sessions with community healthcare providers who care for patients with T2DM...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611016/how-do-you-relax-when-you-re-stressed-a-content-analysis-and-infodemiology-study-of-stress-related-tweets
#13
Son Doan, Amanda Ritchart, Nicholas Perry, Juan D Chaparro, Mike Conway
BACKGROUND: Stress is a contributing factor to many major health problems in the United States, such as heart disease, depression, and autoimmune diseases. Relaxation is often recommended in mental health treatment as a frontline strategy to reduce stress, thereby improving health conditions. Twitter is a microblog platform that allows users to post their own personal messages (tweets), including their expressions about feelings and actions related to stress and stress management (eg, relaxing)...
June 13, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609217/influence-of-islamic-traditions-on-breastfeeding-beliefs-and-practices-among-african-american-muslims-in-west-philadelphia-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Camilia Kamoun, Diane Spatz
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the influence of religion on breastfeeding in African American communities. In particular, whether Islamic traditions influence breastfeeding beliefs and practices among African American Muslims has not been studied. Research aim: This study sought to gain understanding of breastfeeding attitudes, rates, and education among African American Muslims in West Philadelphia and to examine if engaging Islamic teachings in breastfeeding education can positively influence breastfeeding attitudes...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606894/developing-a-curriculum-for-information-and-communications-technology-use-in-global-health-research-and-training-a-qualitative-study-among-chinese-health-sciences-graduate-students
#15
Zhenyu Ma, Li Yang, Lan Yang, Kaiyong Huang, Hongping Yu, Huimin He, Jiaji Wang, Le Cai, Jie Wang, Hua Fu, Lisa Quintiliani, Robert H Friedman, Jian Xiao, Abu S Abdullah
BACKGROUND: Rapid development of information and communications technology (ICT) during the last decade has transformed biomedical and population-based research and has become an essential part of many types of research and educational programs. However, access to these ICT resources and the capacity to use them in global health research are often lacking in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) institutions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the practical issues (ie, perceptions and learning needs) of ICT use among health sciences graduate students at 6 major medical universities of southern China...
June 12, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606705/improving-food-choices-and-nutrient-adequacy-in-adolescents-young-adults-with-developmental-disabilities
#16
Regina M Subach
BACKGROUND: Persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (DD) have higher incidences of overweight and obesity than the general population and are currently underserved in health promotion programs. Restricted diets due to sensory sensitivity and physiological difference are often followed by persons with DD resulting in nutrient inadequacies, which may contribute to overweight and obesity. Closing the gap of healthcare disparities for persons with DD must start by increasing awareness of factors causing overweight and obesity, and development of strategies and programs to reduce incidences of overweight and obesity for persons with DD...
June 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604265/a-multi-professional-educational-intervention-to-improve-and-sustain-respondents-confidence-to-deliver-palliative-care-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Elizabeth Reed, Jennifer Todd, Sally Lawton, Robert Grant, Clair Sadler, Jane Berg, Caroline Lucas, Max Watson
BACKGROUND: Education has been highlighted as fundamental in equipping healthcare professionals with essential knowledge and skills to provide good end-of-life care. Multiprofessional educational programmes have a positive influence on knowledge, attitude and confidence but few have sought to understand the longer term impact on care delivery. The European Certificate in Essential Palliative Care is an 8-week home-study-based programme for healthcare professionals and is currently run in nine centres...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604233/distance-education-methods-are-useful-for-delivering-education-to-palliative-caregivers-a-single-arm-trial-of-an-education-package-palliative-caregivers-education-package
#18
Liz Forbat, Rowena Robinson, Rachel Bilton-Simek, Karemah Francois, Marsha Lewis, Erna Haraldsdottir
BACKGROUND: Face-to-face/group education for palliative caregivers is successful, but relies on caregivers travelling, being absent from the patient, and rigid timings. This presents inequities for those in rural locations. AIM: To design and test an innovative distance-learning educational package (PrECEPt: PalliativE Caregivers Education Package). DESIGN: Single-arm mixed-method feasibility proof-of-concept trial (ACTRN12616000601437). The primary outcome was carer self-efficacy, with secondary outcomes focused on caregiver preparedness and carer tasks/needs...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598736/evolving-concepts-of-assessment-in-a-competency-based-world
#19
Peter Harris, Farhan Bhanji, Maureen Topps, Shelley Ross, Steven Lieberman, Jason R Frank, Linda Snell, Jonathan Sherbino
Competency-based medical education (CBME) is an approach to the design of educational systems or curricula that focuses on graduate abilities or competencies. It has been adopted in many jurisdictions, and in recent years an explosion of publications has examined its implementation and provided a critique of the approach. Assessment in a CBME context is often based on observations or judgments about an individual's level of expertise; it emphasizes frequent, direct observation of performance along with constructive and timely feedback to ensure that learners, including clinicians, have the expertise they need to perform entrusted tasks...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597869/the-qualitative-orientation-in-medical-education-research
#20
REVIEW
Jennifer Anne Cleland
Qualitative research is very important in educational research as it addresses the "how" and "why" research questions and enables deeper understanding of experiences, phenomena and context. Qualitative research allows you to ask questions that cannot be easily put into numbers to understand human experience. Getting at the everyday realities of some social phenomenon and studying important questions as they are really practiced helps extend knowledge and understanding. To do so, you need to understand the philosophical stance of qualitative research and work from this to develop the research question, study design, data collection methods and data analysis...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
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