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Qualitative methods in education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526485/improving-the-sexual-health-of-young-people-with-mobility-impairments-challenges-and-recommendations
#1
Molly Secor-Turner, Barbara J McMorris, Peter Scal
INTRODUCTION: This mixed-method study (a) describes challenges to providing sexual health services to youth with mobility impairments from the perspective of health care providers and experts and (b) describes and compares sexual health-related experiences of youth with mobility impairments. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of My Path, a study focused on the transition to adulthood for youth with mobility impairments. Using an exploratory sequential design, qualitative data (n = 10) were analyzed using systematic content analysis followed by quantitative analysis of survey data (N = 337)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#2
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524541/-worried-about-relapse-family-members-experiences-and-perspectives-of-relapse-in-first-episode-psychosis
#3
Shalini Lal, Ashok Malla, Gina Marandola, Joanie Thériault, Phil Tibbo, Rahul Manchanda, Richard Williams, Ridha Joober, Nicola Banks
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding on the subject of relapse from the perspectives of family members of young people receiving services for a first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: A qualitative descriptive approach, using focus group methods, was used to elicit experiences, understandings, and knowledge of relapse in FEP. Family members were recruited from 4 specialized early intervention programmes for psychosis in Canada...
May 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524327/evaluation-of-a-multi-methods-approach-to-the-collection-and-dissemination-of-feedback-on-osce-performance-in-dental-education
#4
M J Wardman, V C Yorke, J L Hallam
INTRODUCTION: Feedback is an essential part of the learning process, and students expect their feedback to be personalised, meaningful and timely. Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) assessments allow examiners to observe students carefully over the course of a number of varied station types, across a number of clinical knowledge and skill domains. They therefore present an ideal opportunity to record detailed feedback which allows students to reflect on and improve their performance...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521849/a-writer-s-guide-to-education-scholarship-qualitative-education-scholarship-part-2
#5
Teresa M Chan, Daniel K Ting, Andrew Koch Hall, Aleisha Murnaghan, Brent Thoma, Jill McEwen, Lalena M Yarris
OBJECTIVE: Education scholarship can be conducted using a variety of methods, from quantitative experiments to qualitative studies. Qualitative methods are less commonly used in emergency medicine (EM) education research but are well-suited to explore complex educational problems and generate hypotheses. We aimed to review the literature to provide resources to guide educators who wish to conduct qualitative research in EM education. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review to outline: 1) a list of journals that regularly publish qualitative educational papers; 2) an aggregate set of quality markers for qualitative educational research and scholarship; and 3) a list of quality checklists for qualitative educational research and scholarship...
May 19, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521761/a-multimedia-campaign-to-improve-back-beliefs-in-patients-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-process-evaluation
#6
Arnela Suman, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Jiman Bamarni, Maurits W van Tulder, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent and costly disorders worldwide. To reduce its burden in the Netherlands, implementation of a multidisciplinary guideline for LBP was supported by a multifaceted eHealth campaign for patients with LBP. The current study aims 1) to evaluate whether the implementation strategy was performed as planned; 2) to assess the feasibility, barriers and facilitators of the patient based eHealth campaign; 3) to gain insight into the satisfaction and experiences of patients with various ethnic backgrounds with the implementation strategy and to make a comparison between them; and 4) to explore the association between exposure to and satisfaction with the implementation strategy...
May 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520550/outcomes-that-matter-to-teens-with-type-1-diabetes
#7
Clara Y Ye, Thor C Jeppson, Ellen M Kleinmaus, Harald M Kliems, Jennifer M Schopp, Elizabeth D Cox
Purpose The purpose of the study was to describe outcomes that matter to teens with type 1 diabetes. Understanding outcomes that matter to teens could support successful interventions to improve diabetes self-management. Methods Fifty publicly available posts published in the "teen" sections of 2 major diabetes online forums between 2011 and 2013 were analyzed using qualitative research methods. From each post, content and descriptive data (eg, duration of diabetes and age) were collected. Two members of the research team independently used open coding techniques to identify outcomes (defined as impacts or consequences of type 1 diabetes) and organized them into themes and subthemes...
June 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514888/seeing-is-believing-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-a-complex-intervention-to-improve-care-towards-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-interview-study
#8
Katherine Bristowe, Irene Carey, Adrian Hopper, Susanna Shouls, Wendy Prentice, Irene J Higginson, Jonathan Koffman
BACKGROUND: Methods to improve care, trust and communication are important in acute hospitals. Complex interventions aimed at improving care of patients approaching the end of life are increasingly common. While evaluating outcomes of complex interventions is essential, exploring healthcare professionals' perceptions is also required to understand how they are interpreted; this can inform training, education and implementation strategies to ensure fidelity and consistency in use. AIM: To explore healthcare professionals' perceptions of using a complex intervention (AMBER care bundle) to improve care for people approaching the end of life and their understandings of its purpose within clinical practice...
May 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513199/experience-of-exclusion-a-framework-analysis-of-socioeconomic-factors-affecting-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-among-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#9
Maria Pedersen, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingelise Andersen, Marie Baastrup, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: The Danish public healthcare system provides comprehensive care based on the principle of equal access. However, it is well documented that patients with low socioeconomic position are less likely to participate in cardiac rehabilitation. More knowledge is needed to understand this phenomenon. The aim of the study was to explore the patient experience of barriers to completion of phase II cardiac rehabilitation, and to investigate the impact of socioeconomic factors on completion of cardiac rehabilitation...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510760/what-factors-hinder-the-decision-making-process-for-women-with-cancer-and-contemplating-fertility-preservation-treatment
#10
Georgina Jones, Jane Hughes, Neda Mahmoodi, Emily Smith, Jonathan Skull, William Ledger
BACKGROUND: Although fertility preservation (FP) treatment options have increased, the existing evidence suggests that many women with cancer do not feel well supported in making these decisions, but find them stressful and complex and fail to take up fertility care at this crucial time. Whilst existing reviews have all made important contributions to our understanding of the FP decision-making process, none of them examine solely and specifically these processes for women of reproductive age with a diagnosis of any cancer, leaving a gap in the knowledge base...
May 16, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508742/caep-2016-academic-symposium-how-to-have-an-impact-as-an-emergency-medicine-educator-and-scholar
#11
Jason R Frank, Warren J Cheung, Jonathan Sherbino, Robert Primavesi, Robert A Woods, Glen Bandiera, Constance LeBlanc
BACKGROUND: In a time of major medical education transformation, emergency medicine (EM) needs to nurture education scholars who will influence EM education practice. However, the essential ingredients to ensure a career with impact in EM education are not clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe how to prepare EM educators for a high-impact career. METHODS: The Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians (CAEP) Academic Section commissioned an "Education Impact" working group (IWG) to guide the creation of consensus recommendations from the EM community...
May 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505554/a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-a-new-zealand-based-midwifery-education-development-unit
#12
Judith McAra-Couper, Andrea Gilkison, Anna Fielder, Heather Donald
The Midwifery Development Education Service was established in the Birthing Unit at Middlemore Hospital in South Auckland New Zealand in 2007. The service is unique in the New Zealand midwifery context for the way it operates as a collaboration between the education and health provider to optimise the clinical learning experience of student midwives. This paper reports on the evaluation of the Midwifery Development Education Service that was undertaken in 2015. The evaluation captured the views and experience of students and midwives who had been involved with, or had worked alongside, the service...
May 8, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505477/knowledge-behavioral-practices-and-experiences-of-outdoor-fallers-implications-for-prevention-programs
#13
Tracy Chippendale, Victoria Raveis
OBJECTIVE: Although the epidemiology and prevention of falls has been well studied, the focus has been on indoor rather than outdoor falls. Older adults' knowledge of outdoor risk factors and their outdoor fall prevention practices have not been examined. To fill this gap, and to inform the development of a prevention program, we sought to explore the experiences and fall prevention knowledge and practices of older adults who had sustained an outdoor fall. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using random digit telephone dialing was used to survey community dwelling seniors (N=120) across the five boroughs of New York City...
May 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499772/exploring-patient-engagement-a-qualitative-analysis-of-low-income-urban-participants-in-asthma-research
#14
Amy Korwin, Heather Black, Luzmercy Perez, Knashawn H Morales, Heather Klusaritz, Xiaoyan Han, Jingru Huang, Marisa Rogers, Grace Ndicu, Andrea J Apter
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled asthma is a common highly morbid condition with worse outcomes in low-income and minority patients in part due to barriers accessing and engaging with health care. We developed a patient advocate to educate about and assist with navigating access to care and provider-patient communication. Participants completed an End of Study Questionnaire (ESQ) that was analyzed to assess experience and engagement with the protocol. OBJECTIVE: This study uses qualitative analysis to evaluate participant experience with the patient advocate and control group interventions...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498841/awareness-and-attitudes-towards-anthrax-and-meat-consumption-practices-among-affected-communities-in-zambia-a-mixed-methods-approach
#15
Doreen Chilolo Sitali, Chisoni Mumba, Eystein Skjerve, Oliver Mweemba, Consolata Kabonesa, Mwinyi Omary Mwinyi, Luke Nyakarahuka, John Bwalya Muma
BACKGROUND: In Zambia, human anthrax cases often occur following cases of animal anthrax. Human behaviour has been implicated in this transmission. The objective of the study was to explore human behavioural patterns that may contribute to outbreaks of anthrax among affected communities. METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted in four districts of Zambia from November 2015 to February 2016. A cross sectional survey involving 1,127 respondents, six focus group discussions and seven key informant interviews with professional staff were conducted...
May 12, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498034/assessment-of-resident-physicians-communicator-and-collaborator-competencies-by-interprofessional-clinicians-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Lyn K Sonnenberg, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Carol S Hodgson, YongQiang Yu, Sharla King
Phenomenon: As we move toward competency-based medical education, greater emphasis is being placed on assessing a more comprehensive skill set, including the ability to communicate and collaborate effectively in the workplace. Nonphysician members on interprofessional (IP) teams have valuable perspectives on actual resident performance and are often not adequately engaged in the provision of feedback to residents. Based on the educational theories of collaborative evaluation and social constructivism, this research examined the ability of IP clinicians to provide feedback to residents...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496378/ethnopsychiatry-fosters-creativity-and-the-adoption-of-critical-and-reflexive-thinking-in-higher-education-students-insights-from-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-preliminary-pilot-experience-at-the-faculty-of-medicine-and-surgery-university-of-genoa-italy
#17
Anna Siri, Giovanni Del Puente, Mariano Martini, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Creativity is an ability that plays a major role in the modern economy and society. It should represent an important component of the medical syllabus. However, it is often overlooked by the formal courses at universities. The current study aimed at evaluating whether the interactive educational models, recently adopted by the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, at the University of Genoa, Italy, would favor the adoption of critical thinking, attitudes to changes, cultural diversity acceptance, and the adoption of relational soft skills versus traditional and frontal didactic teaching...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496376/changing-trends-in-residents-as-teachers-across-graduate-medical-education
#18
Morhaf Al Achkar, Mathew Hanauer, Elizabeth H Morrison, M Kelly Davies, Robert C Oh
BACKGROUND: Teaching residents how to teach is a critical part of residents' training in graduate medical education (GME). The purpose of this study was to assess the change in resident-as-teacher (RaT) instruction in GME over the past 15 years in the US. METHODS: We used a quantitative and qualitative survey of all program directors (PDs) across specialties. We compared our findings with a previous work from 2000-2001 that studied the same matter. Finally, we qualitatively analyzed PDs' responses regarding the reasons for implementing and not implementing RaT instruction...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495937/an-analysis-of-the-perceptions-and-resources-of-large-university-classes
#19
Ceilidh Barlow Cash, Jessa Letargo, Steffen P Graether, Shoshanah R Jacobs
Large class learning is a reality that is not exclusive to the first-year experience at midsized, comprehensive universities; upper-year courses have similarly high enrollment, with many class sizes greater than 200 students. Research into the efficacy and deficiencies of large undergraduate classes has been ongoing for more than 100 years, with most research associating large classes with weak student engagement, decreased depth of learning, and ineffective interactions. This study used a multidimensional research approach to survey student and instructor perceptions of large biology classes and to characterize the courses offered by a department according to resources and course structure using a categorical principal components analysis...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494697/talking-circles-to-improve-diabetes-self-care-management
#20
Marlene Wilken, Martha Nunn
Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine if the use of both the Talking Circles (TCs) and diabetes self-management education (DSME) results in better adherence and outcomes for diabetes self-management than DSME alone in American Indians (AIs) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods A quasiexperimental, mixed-methods approach was used for AIs with uncontrolled T2DM, defined by an A1C > 7.0%. The experimental group (n = 20) participated in a TC and received DSME. The control group (n = 19) received only DSME...
May 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
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