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Qualitative methods in education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776369/prevention-and-treatment-of-malaria-in-pregnancy-what-do-pregnant-women-and-health-care-workers-in-east-india-know-and-do-about-it
#1
Lora Sabin, Evan M S Hecht, Mohamad I Brooks, Mrigendra P Singh, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Abanish Rizal, Blair J Wylie, Philip A Bondzie, Matthew Banos, Jordan Tuchman, Neeru Singh, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: Limited qualitative research has been performed in India to investigate views and behaviours of pregnant women regarding malaria despite the threat of malaria-related adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. To address this gap, a comprehensive study on malaria prevention and treatment attitudes, knowledge and behaviour among pregnant women in India was conducted. METHODS: Pregnant women and healthcare workers (HCWs), encompassing clinic-based providers, traditional birth attendants, and auxiliary nurse-midwives were enrolled for in-depth interviews (IDIs) at 7 hospital sites and nearby communities in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh States...
May 18, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775994/a-broader-understanding-of-care-managers-attitudes-of-advance-care-planning-a-concurrent-nested-design
#2
Julie Aultman, Kristin R Baughman, Ruth Ludwick
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine barriers of advance care planning (ACP) experienced by care managers (CMs) through a mixed methods approach. A concurrent nested design was used to acquire a deeper understanding of ACP, and to identify nuances between quantitative and qualitative data. BACKGROUND: Past quantitative studies on providers have identified barriers related to time, culture, knowledge, responsibility, and availability of legal documents. These barriers, and accompanying attitudes and feelings, have been taken at face value without rich qualitative data to identify under what conditions and to what extent a barrier impacts care...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774801/therapists-perspectives-on-adapting-the-stepping-on-falls-prevention-programme-for-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-in-singapore
#3
Tianma Xu, Kate O'loughlin, Lindy Clemson, Natasha A Lannin, Gerald Koh, Catherine Dean
PURPOSE: This study investigates the perspectives of rehabilitation therapists on the implementation of fall prevention programmes with community-dwelling stroke survivors in the Singapore context, and elicits recommendations to adapt the Stepping On programme with stroke survivors. METHOD: Qualitative data were elicited during 4 focus groups with 23 rehabilitation therapists (15 occupational therapists [OTs]; 8 physiotherapists [PTs]) who had received training to deliver the original Stepping On programme, and had experienced delivery of fall-prevention intervention programmes locally...
May 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774227/identifying-what-matters-to-hysterectomy-patients-postsurgery-perceptions-beliefs-and-experiences
#4
Andrew S Bossick, Roopina Sangha, Heather Olden, Gwen L Alexander, Ganesa Wegienka
Purpose: Hysterectomy is the most common non-obstetrical surgery for women in the United States. Few investigations comparing hysterectomy surgical approaches include patient-centered outcomes. Methods: The study was performed at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan between February 2015 and May 2015. The data were collected through structured focus groups with 24 post-hysterectomy women in order to identify PCOs to employ in a subsequent cohort study of hysterectomy surgical approaches...
2018: Journal of Patient-centered Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771162/facilitation-of-intensive-insulin-therapy-in-the-early-primary-school-setting-narratives-of-australian-diabetes-educators
#5
Anne Marks, Nathan J Wilson, Stacy Blythe, Christine Johnston
The number of early primary school (EPS) children (aged 4-8 years) with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) rises each year. Intensive insulin therapy (IIT) can be challenging for these children, as adult support may not be available in the school setting. Diabetes educators (DEs) working in the health system facilitate school diabetes care, which can be time-consuming given the large numbers of children with diabetes. These factors are potential barriers for IIT use in the EPS setting. To explore the experiences of Australian DEs who facilitate IIT use in the EPS setting, a qualitative, narrative inquiry method was used to conduct semi-structured telephone interviews with Australian DEs (n = 13) between December 2014 and June 2016...
May 17, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769753/developing-a-typology-of-mentoring-programmes-for-young-people-attending-secondary-school-in-the-united-kingdom-using-qualitative-methods
#6
Heide Busse, Rona Campbell, Ruth Kipping
Mentoring programmes are commonplace and delivered in a range of different ways in the United Kingdom and North America. To better understand the type of programmes available and to inform future evaluations, we developed a typology of formal mentoring programmes for young people in secondary schools in the United Kingdom. Telephone interviews with 23 programme managers from purposively sampled mentoring organisations were conducted and analysed using thematic and framework analysis. The typology was consulted on with five experts in mentoring...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768417/what-are-the-implications-for-practice-that-arise-from-studies-of-medication-taking-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-research
#7
Mohammed Ahmed Rashid, Nadia Llanwarne, Natalie Heyns, Fiona Walter, Jonathan Mant
BACKGROUND: Despite several decades of evidence supporting the benefits of taking medications in various diseases and healthcare settings, a significant proportion of prescribed treatments are not taken. This review sought to synthesise qualitative research exploring experiences of medication taking around the world, and to determine whether there were consistent messages arising from these studies. METHODS AND FINDINGS: 5 databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINAHL) were systematically searched to identify published research papers using qualitative methodologies, which explored medication-taking experiences in patients, citizens, carers, relatives and clinicians...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766513/nurses-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-dementia-care-systematic-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Melina Evripidou, Andreas Charalambous, Nicos Middleton, Evridiki Papastavrou
PURPOSE: To explore nurse's knowledge and attitudes toward the care of people with dementia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic review informed by the PRISMA-P (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses protocols) guidelines in four databases (CINAHL, PsyINFO, Pubmed, Cohrane, EMBASE) using keywords "attitudes," "behaviors," "dementia," "knowledge," and "nurses." Predetermined inclusion criteria were selected...
May 15, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764767/a-systematic-review-of-mobile-produce-markets-facilitators-and-barriers-to-use-and-associations-with-reported-fruit-and-vegetable-intake
#9
Bi-Sek Hsiao, Lindiwe Sibeko, Lisa M Troy
BACKGROUND: Diet-related chronic diseases are a major public health burden. There is growing awareness that disparities in healthful food access contribute to disparities in health. Mobile produce markets (MPMs) have emerged as a strategy to improve fruit and vegetable access and consumption, particularly among low-income, minority, and other vulnerable populations (eg, older adults and children) in food desert neighborhoods. OBJECTIVE: This review examined research on MPMs in the United States and specifically aimed to assess the relationship between MPM use and fruit and/or vegetable intake, and facilitators and barriers related to MPM use within a social ecological framework...
May 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764643/exploring-an-integrated-curriculum-in-pharmacy-educators-perspectives
#10
Andrew Mawdsley, Sarah Willis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lack of consensus regarding the benefits of an integrated curriculum, and ambiguity concerning what is being integrated within a pharmacy curriculum exists, but how an integrated curriculum is viewed, epistemologically, and subsequently incorporated into teaching practice has not been investigated. This study explores how educators conceptualize, experience and enact curricula integration both pedagogically and organizationally. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: In-depth qualitative interviews with faculty members purposively sampled for maximum variation in disciplinary background and teaching experience were undertaken at a single site...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764267/clinical-narratives-in-residency-education-exploration-of-the-learning-process
#11
Jennifer A Furze, Bruce H Greenfield, J B Barr, Kathleen Geist, Judith Gale, Gail M Jensen
BACKGROUND: Post-professional residency educational programs aim to advance the knowledge and skills of therapists in a clinical specialty area, however, little is known about the process, outcomes, or effectiveness of residency education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use narrative as a teaching and learning tool to gain insight into the progressive development of the residents' learning process. DESIGN: Qualitative methods including a retrospective analysis of residents' narratives were used to explore the professional development and thought process of residents...
May 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764257/collaboration-in-the-design-and-delivery-of-a-mental-health-recovery-college-course-experiences-of-students-and-tutors
#12
Josh Cameron, Angie Hart, Saff Brooker, Paul Neale, Mair Reardon
BACKGROUND: Recovery Colleges address mental health challenges using an educative approach underpinned by a collaborative recovery orientated philosophy. Research has been limited with no studies identified reporting research on the design and delivery of a specific course. AIMS: To understand how Recovery College students and tutors experience the design and delivery of a mental health Recovery College course, specifically the "'Building Resilience" course...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762912/professional-and-personal-competency-development-in-near-peer-tutors-of-gross-anatomy-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#13
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
There are many benefits to peer and near-peer tutoring. The current literature suggests that near-peer teaching within the domain of gross anatomy may lead to the development of numerous competencies for burgeoning medical professionals. The aim of this study was a quantitative and qualitative approach to explore which professional and personal competencies anatomy tutors developed as a result of their teaching activities in a gross anatomy course at a medical school in Germany. For a period of 18 months, 24 peer tutors were followed and queried multiple times via questionnaire and semi-structured interviews...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761255/considering-axiological-integrity-a-methodological-analysis-of-qualitative-evidence-syntheses-and-its-implications-for-health-professions-education
#14
REVIEW
Martina Kelly, Rachel H Ellaway, Helen Reid, Heather Ganshorn, Sarah Yardley, Deirdre Bennett, Tim Dornan
Qualitative evidence synthesis (QES) is a suite of methodologies that combine qualitative techniques with the synthesis of qualitative knowledge. They are particularly suited to medical education as these approaches pool findings from original qualitative studies, whilst paying attention to context and theoretical development. Although increasingly sophisticated use is being made of qualitative primary research methodologies in health professions education (HPE) the use of secondary qualitative reviews in HPE remains underdeveloped...
May 14, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760865/the-uphill-battle-of-performing-education-scholarship-barriers-educators-and-education-researchers-face
#15
Jaime Jordan, Wendy C Coates, Samuel Clarke, Daniel Runde, Emilie Fowlkes, Jaqueline Kurth, Lalena Yarris
Introduction: Educators and education researchers report that their scholarship is limited by lack of time, funding, mentorship, expertise, and reward. This study aims to evaluate these groups' perceptions regarding barriers to scholarship and potential strategies for success. Methods: Core emergency medicine (EM) educators and education researchers completed an online survey consisting of multiple-choice, 10-point Likert scale, and free-response items in 2015. Descriptive statistics were reported...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757377/scaling-up-a-tobacco-control-intervention-in-low-resource-settings-a-case-example-for-school-teachers-in-india
#16
M S Pednekar, E M Nagler, P C Gupta, P S Pawar, N Mathur, K Adhikari, L S Codeira, A M Stoddard, G Sorensen
Research on processes of bringing effective tobacco control interventions to scale to increase quit rates among tobacco users is uncommon. This study examines processes to bring to scale one such intervention for school teachers, i.e. Tobacco Free Teacher-Tobacco Free Society (TFT-TFS). This intervention provides a foundation for an effective and low cost approach to promote cessation through schools. The present study was conducted in the states of Bihar and Maharashtra in 2014 using quantitative and qualitative methods...
May 10, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756709/strategies-of-blind-children-to-achieve-cognitive-development-a-qualitative-study
#17
Elsa I Bei, Alicia Oiberman, Daniela Teisseire, Jorgelina Barres
INTRODUCTION: Studying the cogni t ive development of blind children is particularly interesting in itself and because it provides intervention guidelines. The etiology of blindness is heterogeneous but this does not hinder the possibility of establishing the characteristics typical of its development. If these children acquire language at approximately 2 years, it means the last stage of sensorimotor intelligence has been achieved. OBJECTIVE: To determine the strategies that blind infants and toddlers adopt during the sensorimotor period to achieve an adequate level of development...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754399/a-mixed-method-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-preoperative-psychological-preparation-programmes-to-reduce-paediatric-preoperative-anxiety-in-elective-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Ying Dai, Joan Livesley
AIM: To explore the effectiveness of preoperative psychological preparation programmes aimed to reduce paediatric preoperative anxiety and the potential factors that could have an impact on parent and children's acceptance of such interventions. BACKGROUND: Various preoperative psychological preparation programmes are available to address paediatric preoperative anxiety. No mixed-method review has been conducted to explore the effectiveness and acceptability of these programmes...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751804/changes-in-physiotherapy-students-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-ebp-from-first-year-to-graduation-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Maureen P McEvoy, Lucy K Lewis, Julie Luker
BACKGROUND: Dedicated Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) courses are often included in health professional education programs. It is important to understand the effectiveness of this training. This study investigated EBP outcomes in entry-level physiotherapy students from baseline to completion of all EBP training (graduation). METHODS: Mixed methods with an explanatory sequential design. Physiotherapy students completed two psychometrically-tested health professional EBP instruments at baseline and graduation...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751528/simulation-and-feedback-in-health-education-a-mixed-methods-study-comparing-three-simulation-modalities
#20
Lauren Tait, Kenneth Lee, Rohan Rasiah, Joyce M Cooper, Tristan Ling, Benjamin Geelan, Ivan Bindoff
Background . There are numerous approaches to simulating a patient encounter in pharmacy education. However, little direct comparison between these approaches has been undertaken. Our objective was to investigate student experiences, satisfaction, and feedback preferences between three scenario simulation modalities (paper-, actor-, and computer-based). Methods . We conducted a mixed methods study with randomized cross-over of simulation modalities on final-year Australian graduate-entry Master of Pharmacy students...
May 3, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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