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Qualitative methods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793140/effectiveness-of-a-voluntary-family-befriending-service-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-using-the-donabedian-model
#1
S V Gentry, E F J Powers, N Azim, M Maidrag
OBJECTIVES: Voluntary befriending schemes operate in many countries, promoting public health by supporting vulnerable individuals and families. Use of third sector and voluntary services to complement health and social care provision is increasingly important globally in the context of economic and demographic challenges, but the evidence base around such collaborations is limited. This article reports the results of operational evaluation research seeking to use robust routine work to generate transferable findings for use by those commissioning and providing services...
May 21, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793071/extracting-similar-terms-from-multiple-emr-based-semantic-embeddings-to-support-chart-reviews
#2
M S Cheng Ye, Daniel Fabbri
OBJECTIVE: Word embeddings project semantically similar terms into nearby points in a vector space. When trained on clinical text, these embeddings can be leveraged to improve keyword search and text highlighting. In this paper, we present methods to refine the selection process of similar terms from multiple EMR-based word embeddings, and evaluate their performance quantitatively and qualitatively across multiple chart review tasks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Word embeddings were trained on each clinical note type in an EMR...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792487/ethnic-racial-typicality-and-its-relation-to-ethnic-identity-and-psychological-functioning
#3
Lauren L Mitchell, Ummul-Kiram Kathawalla, Alex A Ajayi, Jillian Fish, Sarah C Nelson, Lovey H M Peissig, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic identity development is considered a central task of adolescence and emerging adulthood for ethnic minority individuals. Although the process of developing a coherent ethnic identity has received attention from researchers, there has been little work done to elucidate the content of ethnic identity. This study uses an inductive mixed-methods approach to address 1 aspect of ethnic identity content: typicality, or the degree of perceived similarity individuals feel to their ethnic-racial group...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792479/-fewer-but-not-weaker-understanding-the-intersectional-identities-among-chinese-immigrant-young-gay-men-in-toronto
#4
Yu-Te Huang, Lin Fang
Sexual minorities of color in North America are frequently defined as a "double minority" group. Intersectionality theory has inspired investigations into how different forms of marginalization intersect to shape the lives of people with multiple minority statuses. In this constructivist grounded theory study, 18 Chinese immigrant gay men between 18 and 28 years of age participated in a semistructured individual interview to narrate their lived experiences in relation to their intersectional identities...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792476/a-mixed-methods-investigation-into-the-perspectives-on-mental-health-and-professional-treatment-among-former-system-youth-with-mood-disorders
#5
Michelle R Munson, Sarah Carter Narendorf, Shelly Ben-David, Andrea Cole
Research has shown that how people think about their health (or illnesses) shapes their help-seeking behavior. In this mixed-methods study, we employed a simultaneous concurrent design to explore the perceptions of mental illness among an understudied population: marginalized young adults. Participants were 60 young adults (ages 18-25) who had experienced mood disorders and used multiple public systems of care during their childhoods. Semistructured interviews were conducted to understand participants' illness and treatment experiences during the transition to adulthood...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792174/perspectives-on-clinical-use-of-bioimpedance-in-hemodialysis-focus-group-interviews-with-renal-care-professionals
#6
Jenny Stenberg, Catrin Henriksson, Magnus Lindberg, Hans Furuland
BACKGROUND: Inadequate volume control may be a main contributor to poor survival and high mortality in hemodialysis patients. Bioimpedance measurement has the potential to improve fluid management, but several dialysis centers lack an agreed fluid management policy, and the method has not yet been implemented. Our aim was to identify renal care professionals' perceived barriers and facilitators for use of bioimpedance in clinical practice. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected through four focus group interviews with 24 renal care professionals: dieticians, nephrologists and nurses, recruited voluntarily from a nation-wide selection of hemodialysis centers, having access to a bioimpedance-device...
May 23, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792079/parent-perspectives-of-neonatal-tele-homecare-a-qualitative-study
#7
Kristina Garne Holm, Anne Brødsgaard, Gitte Zachariassen, Anthony C Smith, Jane Clemensen
Introduction Neonatal homecare for preterm infants is a method of supporting families and monitoring infant growth in the home setting. Telehealth may be used to deliver specialist neonatal care remotely, using online communication methods. This study explored parental experiences with neonatal tele-homecare (NTH). Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 49 parents whose preterm infants had received NTH from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Denmark. Interview transcripts were analysed using Malterud's systematic text condensation...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792064/the-effect-and-importance-of-physical-activity-on-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-in-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-mixed-studies-review
#8
Tina Junge, Jonas Ahler, Hans K Knudsen, Hanne K Kristensen
Background People with dementia may benefit from the effect of physical activity on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Qualitative synthesis of the importance of physical activity might complement and help clarify quantitative findings on this topic. The purpose of this systematic mixed studies review was to evaluate findings from both quantitative and qualitative methods about the effect and importance of physical activity on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in people with dementia...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791725/measuring-the-implementation-of-early-childhood-development-programs
#9
REVIEW
Frances E Aboud, Elizabeth L Prado
In this paper we describe ways to measure variables of interest when evaluating the implementation of a program to improve early childhood development (ECD). The variables apply to programs delivered to parents in group sessions and home or clinic visits, as well as in early group care for children. Measurements for four categories of variables are included: training and assessment of delivery agents and supervisors; program features such as quality of delivery, reach, and dosage; recipients' acceptance and enactment; and stakeholders' engagement...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791717/termination-of-pregnancy-following-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-down-syndrome-a-qualitative-study-of-the-decision-making-process-of-pregnant-couples
#10
Stina Lou, Kathrine Carstensen, Olav Bjørn Petersen, Camilla Palmhøj Nielsen, Lone Hvidman, Maja Retpen Lanther, Ida Vogel
In Denmark, first trimester screening has a very high uptake (>90%). If Down syndrome is diagnosed, termination rates are high (>95%). The aim of this study was to investigate the timing of the decision of termination of pregnancy following a Down syndrome diagnosis and the factors influencing this decision MATERIAL AND METHODS: Semi-structured, qualitative interview study with 21 couples who had received a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome and decided to terminate the pregnancy. Participants were recruited from obstetric departments between February 2016 and July 2017...
May 23, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791686/extruded-upper-first-molar-intrusion-comparison-between-unilateral-and-bilateral-miniscrew-anchorage
#11
Mari Miura Sugii, Bruno de Castro Ferreira Barreto, Waldemir Francisco Vieira-Júnior, Katia Regina Izola Simone, Ataís Bacchi, Ricardo Armini Caldas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of his study was to evaluate the stress on tooth and alveolar bone caused by orthodontic intrusion forces in a supraerupted upper molar, by using a three-dimensional Finite Element Method (FEM). METHODS: A superior maxillary segment was modeled in the software SolidWorks 2010 (SolidWorks Corporation, Waltham, MA, USA) containing: cortical and cancellous bone, supraerupted first molar, periodontal tissue and orthodontic components. A finite element model has simulated intrusion forces of 4N onto a tooth, directed to different mini-screw locations...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791434/food-fraud-and-the-perceived-integrity-of-european-food-imports-into-china
#12
H Kendall, P Naughton, S Kuznesof, M Raley, M Dean, B Clark, H Stolz, R Home, M Y Chan, Q Zhong, P Brereton, L J Frewer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Persistent incidents of food fraud in China have resulted in low levels of consumer trust in the authenticity and safety of food that is domestically produced. We examined the relationship between the concerns of Chinese consumers regarding food fraud, and the role that demonstrating authenticity may play in relieving those concerns. METHODS: A two-stage mixed method design research design was adopted. First, qualitative research (focus groups n = 7) was conducted in three Chinese cities, Beijing, Guangzhou and Chengdu to explore concerns held by Chinese consumers in relation to food fraud...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791261/a-systematic-review-of-grounded-theory-studies-in-physiotherapy
#13
Nancy Ali, Stephen May, Kate Grafton
AIM: This systematic review aimed at appraising the methodological rigor of grounded theory research published in the field of physiotherapy to assess how the methodology is understood and applied. A secondary aim was to provide research implications drawn from the findings to guide future grounded theory methodology (GTM) research. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, CINHAL, SPORT Discus, Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science to identify studies in the field of physiotherapy that reported using GTM and/or methods in the study title and/or abstract...
May 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791012/a-systematic-mixed-studies-review-of-women-s-experiences-of-perineal-trauma-sustained-during-childbirth
#14
REVIEW
Rebecca Crookall, Gillian Fowler, Caroline Wood, Pauline Slade
AIM: To explore the quantitative/qualitative literature on women's experiences of perineal trauma sustained during childbirth and the impact it may have on psychological/emotional wellbeing BACKGROUND: Obstetric complications during childbirth can be a risk factor for postpartum psychological distress. Perineal trauma is one of the most frequent obstetric complications and it is important to understand any impact on psychological/emotional wellbeing. DESIGN: A convergent qualitative design using a hybrid deductive-inductive thematic synthesis approach to data transformation was used...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790664/the-dynamics-of-a-healthy-and-infected-red-blood-cell-in-flow-through-constricted-channels-a-dpd-simulation
#15
Sazid Zamal Hoque, D V Anand, B S V Patnaik
Understanding the dynamics of red blood cell (RBC) motion under in-silico conditions is central to the development of cost effective diagnostic tools. Specifically, unraveling the relationship between the rheological properties and the nature of shape change in the RBC (healthy or infected) can be extremely useful. In case of malarial infection, RBC progressively loses its deformability and tends to occlude the microvessel. In the present study, detailed mesoscopic simulations are performed to investigate the deformation dynamics of a RBC in flow through a constricted channel...
May 23, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790483/the-effect-of-changing-one-s-country-of-residence-on-the-decision-to-become-an-organ-donor-the-experience-of-religious-immigrant-women-living-in-sweden
#16
Ferid Krupić, Sahmir Šadić, Svemir Čustović, Mahir Jašarević, Mirsad Fazlić, Kristian Samuelsson
Aim To explore and elucidate women's knowledge of and willingness to take part in organ donation, and to explore if their opinions were changed by coming to Sweden. Methods The study was designed as a qualitative study using data from interviews with women from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Croatia and Kosovo. The inclusion criteria were women who were immigrants in Sweden and have lived in Sweden for more than 10 years. Five groups including forty-five women were invited to participate in the study and 39 agreed...
August 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790326/-the-quality-of-life-as-perceived-by-older-people-results-of-a-phenomenological-study
#17
Silvia Grosso, Elisa Ambrosi, Carla Benagli, Luigina Mortari, Federica Canzan
INTRODUCTION: Elderly Quality of life (QoL) is vulnerable because of the decline in physical and mental capacity, discharge from work, rupture of the family and isolation. Many QoL Scales are made for adults: there is little research investigating how older people perceive QOL. AIM: This study aims to explore and understand the perceptions that older people have about their QOL. METHOD: A qualitative research hermeneutics-phenomenological was done...
January 2018: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790268/ask-me-children-s-experiences-of-pain-explored-using-the-draw-write-and-tell-method
#18
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
PURPOSE: Pain management within emergency departments (ED) remains challenging. Given that unrelieved pain in children is linked to a number of negative physiological and psychological consequences, optimal management of children's pain is paramount. Many studies exploring children's pain have adopted quantitative methods or sought the perspectives of adults. Compared to adults, studies examining children's views on pain and pain management are limited. This study aimed to explore children's pain experiences, their perception of pain management and expectations of the role of the nurse...
May 23, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789285/-all-my-relations-experiences-and-perceptions-of-indigenous-patients-connecting-with-indigenous-elders-in-an-inner-city-primary-care-partnership-for-mental-health-and-well-being
#19
George Hadjipavlou, Colleen Varcoe, David Tu, Jennifer Dehoney, Roberta Price, Annette J Browne
BACKGROUND: Mental health services in urban settings generally have not been adapted to serve the needs of Indigenous patients. We explored how patients' encounters with Indigenous Elders affected their overall mental health and well-being to identify therapeutic mechanisms underlying improvement. METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews of participants enrolled in a 6-month prospective mixed-methods evaluation of a program for mental health and well-being that featured the inclusion of Elders in the direct care of Indigenous patients in an inner city primary care clinic...
May 22, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789099/building-capacity-for-change-evaluation-of-an-organisation-wide-leadership-development-program
#20
Tim Schultz, Jodie Shoobridge, Gill Harvey, Libby Carter, Alison Kitson
Objective. This study evaluated Leading 4 Change, a change leadership development program designed to support healthcare middle managers through a period of significant organisational change and enhance workplace resilience. Methods. A mixed methods evaluation was conducted within the program's framework of a quality improvement activity. Quantitative measures were participant responses (n=160) to online questionnaires, which were compared before and after the program, using an uncontrolled pre-post study design...
May 23, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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