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Nutrition epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102514/carbapenemase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-bloodstream-infection-in-critically-ill-patients-risk-factors-and-predictors-of-mortality
#1
M Papadimitriou-Olivgeris, F Fligou, C Bartzavali, A Zotou, A Spyropoulou, K Koutsileou, S Vamvakopoulou, N Sioulas, V Karamouzos, E D Anastassiou, I Spiliopoulou, M Christofidou, M Marangos
A significant increase in carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-Kp) bacteraemias has been observed worldwide. The objective of the present work was to study the risk factors and predictors of mortality of CP-Kp bacteraemias among critically ill patients. During a 4-year period (2012-3015), a matched 1:2 case-control study was conducted. Klebsiella pneumoniae was identified by Vitek 2 technology. Antibiotic susceptibility was performed by the agar disc diffusion method and Etest. The presence of the bla KPC, bla VIM and bla NDM genes was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100390/-how-to-write-high-quality-epidemiological-research-paper-%C3%A2-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-nutritional-epidemiology-strobe-nut
#2
C Y Ding, Y Cao, C Yang, F Sun, S Y Zhan
Concerns have been raised about the reporting quality in nutritional epidemiology. Therefore, strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology-nutritional epidemiology (STROBE-nut) has been proposed by extending the STROBE statement to include additional recommendations on issues related to nutritional epidemiology and dietary assessment, aiming to provide more specific guidelines on how to report observational research in the field. This paper presents a brief introduction to STROBE-nut and also an explanation of the key points in the additional items, with an example illustrating the application of the checklist...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088773/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-dialysis-patients-a-10-year-national-cohort-study
#3
Hung-Jui Chen, Jhi-Joung Wang, Wen-Ing Tsay, Shwu-Huey Her, Cheng-Heng Lin, Chih-Chiang Chien
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis and whether the dialysis modality [hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD)] confers a higher risk for AP as well as complications or mortality related to AP. METHODS: We analyzed national health insurance claims data of 67 078 ESRD patients initiating dialysis between 1999 and 2007 in Taiwan...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075340/bioactive-nutrients-and-nutrigenomics-in-age-related-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Tania Rescigno, Luigina Micolucci, Mario F Tecce, Anna Capasso
The increased life expectancy and the expansion of the elderly population are stimulating research into aging. Aging may be viewed as a multifactorial process that results from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors, which include lifestyle. Human molecular processes are influenced by physiological pathways as well as exogenous factors, which include the diet. Dietary components have substantive effects on metabolic health; for instance, bioactive molecules capable of selectively modulating specific metabolic pathways affect the development/progression of cardiovascular and neoplastic disease...
January 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074892/are-sleep-duration-midpoint-of-sleep-and-sleep-quality-associated-with-dietary-intake-among-bavarian-adults
#5
C Kleiser, N Wawro, M Stelmach-Mardas, H Boeing, K Gedrich, H Himmerich, J Linseisen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Only few epidemiologic studies examined sleep characteristics in relation to dietary behaviour. Our aim was to analyse associations of sleep duration, midpoint of sleep and sleep quality with dietary intake among the Bavarian population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Within the cross-sectional Bavarian Food Consumption Survey II, 1050 subjects aged 13-81 years were recruited. Dietary intake was assessed with three 24-h dietary recalls by telephone (EPIC-Soft)...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073552/ciguatera-fish-poisoning-incidence-health-costs-and-risk-perception-on-moorea-island-society-archipelago-french-polynesia
#6
Ewen Morin, Clémence Gatti, Tamatoa Bambridge, Mireille Chinain
Ciguatera Fish Poisoning (CFP) is a non-bacterial seafood poisoning well characterized in the remote archipelagos of French Polynesia, yet poorly documented in the Society archipelago, most notably on Moorea, the second most populated island in French Polynesia, which counts a high proportion of fishermen fishing on a regular basis. To address this knowledge gap, a holistic study of the ciguatera issue was conducted on Moorea. First, ciguatera risk was analysed in terms of incidence rate, fish species most commonly involved and risk stratification in Moorea lagoon based on 2007-2013 epidemiological data...
December 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067528/urinary-1-h-nmr-metabolomic-fingerprinting-reveals-biomarkers-of-pulse-consumption-related-to-energy-metabolism-modulation-in-a-subcohort-from-the-predimed-study
#7
Francisco Madrid-Gambin, Rafael Llorach, Rosa Vázquez-Fresno, Mireia Urpi-Sarda, Enrique Almanza-Aguilera, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Ramón Estruch, Dolores Corella, Cristina Andres-Lacueva
Little is known about the metabolome fingerprint of pulse consumption. The study of robust and accurate biomarkers for pulse dietary assessment has great value for nutritional epidemiology regarding health benefits and their mechanisms. To characterize the fingerprinting of dietary pulses (chickpeas, lentils and beans), spot urine samples from a subcohort from the PREDIMED study were stratified, using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Non-pulse consumers (≤ 4 g/day of pulse intake) and habitual pulse consumers (≥ 25 g/day of pulse intake) were analysed using a 1H-NMR metabolomics approach combined with multi- and univariate data analysis...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065177/association-between-carbohydrate-nutrition-and-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-in-older-adults
#8
Bamini Gopinath, Victoria M Flood, George Burlutksy, Jimmy C Y Louie, Paul Mitchell
We aimed to examine the relationship between dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load of foods consumed, intakes of carbohydrates, sugars and fibre, and the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older adults. Data collected from 2334 participants aged 55+ years and 1952 participants aged 60+ years were analysed. Dietary information was collected using a semi-quantitative FFQ. Depressive symptoms were based on antidepressant use or either the 36-Item Short-Form Survey, which included the Mental Health Index (MHI), or the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression-10 Scale...
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056757/phytochemical-therapies-in-vascular-functioning-a-molecular-approach
#9
Hasan Gencoglu, Cemal Orhan, Kazim Sahin
There has been an increasing interest in the usage of natural products for the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Regular consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole grains has been shown to be negatively correlated with the risk of CVDs. These foods provide a diversity of nutrients and different bioactive compounds including phytochemicals, vitamins, minerals and fibers which play critical roles in the sustainability of optimal cardiovascular health. Plant-based foods or a nutritional cure are gradually being integrated into medical practice for CVD management partly due to the supporting experimental studies, clinical trials and epidemiological studies...
January 5, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051947/early-life-effects-on-adult-physical-activity-concepts-relevance-and-experimental-approaches
#10
Theodore Garland, Marcell D Cadney, Robert A Waterland
Locomotion is a defining characteristic of animal life and plays a crucial role in most behaviors. Locomotion involves physical activity, which can have far-reaching effects on physiology and neurobiology, both acutely and chronically. In human populations and in laboratory rodents, higher levels of physical activity are generally associated with positive health outcomes, although excessive exercise can have adverse consequences. Whether and how such relationships occur in wild animals is unknown. Behavioral variation among individuals arises from genetic and environmental factors and their interactions as well as from developmental programming (persistent effects of early-life environment)...
January 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033268/associations-of-sleep-duration-with-open-angle-glaucoma-in-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#11
Jin-Ah Lee, Kyungdo Han, Jung Ah Min, Jin A Choi
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and glaucoma, stratified by obesity status.This study was conducted using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V 2010 to 2012. Open-angle glaucoma was diagnosed according to the International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology criteria. Subjects were divided into subgroups based on those who were overweight (body mass index ≥25 kg/m or <25 kg/m) or with abdominal obesity (based on waist circumference)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029573/mechanical-circulatory-support-and-heart-transplantation-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#12
EDITORIAL
Cumaraswamy Sivathasan, Choon Pin Lim, Ka Lee Kerk, David K L Sim, Mandeep R Mehra
Globalization has resulted in epidemiologic transition in developing countries from infectious disease and nutritional deficiencies to non-communicable diseases. Epidemiologic data on heart failure (HF), particularly advanced HF therapy, in Asia are increasingly becoming available, although they remain sparse. Heart transplantation for advanced stage HF remains very low in Asia-approximately 0.075 heart transplants per 1 million population. North America, which comprises 7.5% of the world population, accounted for 55...
January 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017879/circadian-rhythms-time-restricted-feeding-and-healthy-aging
#13
REVIEW
Emily N C Manoogian, Satchidananda Panda
Circadian rhythms optimize physiology and health by temporally coordinating cellular function, tissue function, and behavior. These endogenous rhythms dampen with age and thus compromise temporal coordination. Feeding-fasting patterns are an external cue that profoundly influence the robustness of daily biological rhythms. Erratic eating patterns can disrupt the temporal coordination of metabolism and physiology leading to chronic diseases that are also characteristic of aging. However, sustaining a robust feeding-fasting cycle, even without altering nutrition quality or quantity, can prevent or reverse these chronic diseases in experimental models...
December 23, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007475/mechanisms-of-retinoic-acid-signaling-during-cardiogenesis
#14
REVIEW
Sonia Stefanovic, Stéphane Zaffran
Substantial experimental and epidemiological data have highlighted the interplay between nutritional and genetic factors in the development of congenital heart defects. Retinoic acid (RA), a derivative of vitamin A, plays a key role during vertebrate development including the formation of the heart. Retinoids bind to RA and retinoid X receptors (RARs and RXRs) which then regulate tissue-specific genes. Here, we will focus on the roles of RA signaling and receptors in gene regulation during cardiogenesis, and the consequence of deregulated retinoid signaling on heart formation and congenital heart defects...
December 19, 2016: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007352/esophageal-cancer-in-high-risk-areas-of-china-research-progress-and-challenges
#15
REVIEW
Yingsong Lin, Yukari Totsuka, Baoen Shan, Chaochen Wang, Wenqiang Wei, Youlin Qiao, Shogo Kikuchi, Manami Inoue, Hideo Tanaka, Yutong He
PURPOSE: The extremely high incidence of esophageal cancer in certain rural areas of China has prompted significant intellectual curiosity and research efforts both in China and abroad. METHODS: We summarize the research progress over the past several decades in high-risk areas (Linxian, Cixian, Shexian, and Yanting) based on literature research and our field trip (2012-2013). RESULTS: Considerable progress in clarifying the environmental risk factors and pathogenesis of esophageal cancer in high-risk areas has been achieved over the past several decades...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006847/dietary-flavonoid-intake-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic-cohort
#16
Raul Zamora-Ros, Dinesh K Barupal, Joseph A Rothwell, Mazda Jenab, Veronika Fedirko, Isabelle Romieu, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Kim Overvad, Cecilie Kyrø, Anne Tjønneland, Aurélie Affret, Mathilde His, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Verena Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Androniki Naska, Maria Kritikou, Calogero Saieva, Claudia Agnoli, Maria Santucci de Magistris, Rosario Tumino, Francesca Fasanelli, Elisabete Weiderpass, Guri Skeie, Susana Merino, Paula Jakszyn, Maria-José Sánchez, Miren Dorronsoro, Carmen Navarro, Eva Ardanaz, Emily Sonestedt, Ulrika Ericson, Lena Maria Nilsson, Stina Bodén, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Aurora Perez-Cornago, Nicholas J Wareham, Kay-Thee Khaw, Heinz Freisling, Amanda J Cross, Elio Riboli, Augustin Scalbert
Flavonoids have been shown to inhibit colon cancer cell proliferation in vitro and protect against colorectal carcinogenesis in animal models. However, epidemiological evidence on the potential role of flavonoid intake in colorectal cancer (CRC) development remains sparse and inconsistent. We evaluated the association between dietary intakes of total flavonoids and their subclasses and risk of development of CRC, within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. A cohort of 477,312 adult men and women were recruited in 10 European countries...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006020/albuminuria-is-associated-with-open-angle-glaucoma-in-nondiabetic-korean-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Gyu Ah Kim, Se Hee Park, Jaesang Ko, Si Hyung Lee, Hyoung Won Bae, Gong Je Seong, Chan Yun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Systemic vascular dysfunction has been suggested to contribute to glaucomatous damage. Albuminuria is a surrogate marker of endothelial injury, including vessels. However, their relationship is not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the association between albuminuria and the prevalence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in nondiabetic subjects. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 4186 nondiabetic participants aged 19 years or older from the 2011-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997595/seedborne-pathogenic-fungi-in-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-cv-inta-rojo-in-nicaragua
#18
Delfia Marcenaro, Jari P T Valkonen
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important legume with high nutritional value. In Nicaragua, certified healthy seeds of local bean varieties are not available, and seedborne fungi have gained little attention. Here, were surveyed seedborne pathogenic fungi in an important local bean cultivar, 'INTA Rojo'. Beans grown in the four main production areas in Nicaragua (Boaco, Carazo, Estelí, Matagalpa) for future use as seed stock were sampled from four seed storehouses and six seed lots. A total of 133 fungal strains were isolated from surface-sterilized beans and inoculated to healthy lima beans (Phaseolus lunatus) under controlled conditions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992613/the-association-of-resting-heart-rate-with-the-presence-of-diabetes-in-korean-adults-the-2010-2013-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#19
Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: Previous epidemiologic studies have shown that elevated resting heart rate (HR) is associated with higher cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Although the relationship between elevated HR and CVD is well established, the association between resting HR and diabetes has been relatively understudied, particularly in non-Western populations. OBJECTIVES: We confirmed the association between the presence of type 2 diabetes and resting HR in the Korean adult population using data from the 2010-2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982371/tackling-malnutrition-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-challenges-and-opportunities
#20
Luis Galicia, Daniel López de Romaña, Kimberly B Harding, Luz María De-Regil, Rubén Grajeda
Undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies are still a public health problem in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and overweight and obesity have reached epidemic proportions. To assess the nutrition landscape in LAC countries and guide future nutrition efforts and investments, the Pan American Health Organization and the Micronutrient Initiative joined efforts to 1) identify information gaps and describe the current nutritional situation in the region; 2) map existing policies to address malnutrition in Latin America; 3) describe the impact of conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs) on nutrition and health outcomes; and 4) identify the challenges and opportunities to address malnutrition in the region...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
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