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Ibrahim Baffa Sule, Mohammed Yahaya, Abubakar Ahmed Aisha, Ahmed Datti Zainab, Bajoga Ummulkhulthum, Patrick Nguku
INTRODUCTION: Cholera is an acute gastrointestinal infection caused by Vibrio cholerae, which may lead to severe dehydration and death if not treated. This analysis is aimed at highlighting the magnitude, pattern and trend of cholera outbreak that occurred in Kaduna State in 2014. METHODS: We obtained the 2014 cholera line-list from the Kaduna State Disease Surveillance and Notification officer (DSNO). We described the outbreaks in time, place and person using Epi-info 7 and Health Mapper...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Yudith Cañizares-Carmenate, Mirelys Hernandez-Morfa, Francisco Torrens, Gloria Castellano, Juan A Castillo-Garit
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Aedes aegypti is an important vector for transmission of dengue, yellow fever, chikun- gunya, arthritis, and Zika fever. According to the World Health Organization, it is estimated that Ae. aegypti causes 50 million infections and 25,000 deaths per year. Use of larvicidal agents is one of the recommendations of health organizations to control mosquito populations and limit their distribution. The aim of present study was to deduce a mathematical model to predict the larvicidal action of chemical compounds, based on their structure...
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Audu Musa, Bashir Abba, Adamu M I Ningi, Emanuel Gali, Samuel Bawa, Fadninding Manneh, Pascal Mkanda, Richard Banda, Yared G Yehuluashet, Sisay G Tegegne, Gregory Umeh, Peter Nsubuga, Andrew Etsano, Faisal Shuaib, Ado Mohammed, Rui G Vaz
INTRODUCTION: In Kaduna State of Nigeria, the high influx of people from neighboring states with eligible children for polio vaccination represents a significant proportion of the target population. Many of these children are often missed by the vaccination team. The purpose of the study was to determine the contribution of targeted stakeholders in transit polio vaccination. METHODS: We used the trends of vaccinated children at transit points, motor parks and markets, well as total children vaccinated by transit teams in Chikun, Igabi and Sabon Gari Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Kaduna State, Nigeria, four rounds before and after the introduction of transit polio vaccination with targeted stakeholders in Kaduna State...
October 10, 2016: Vaccine
Agnes Uregwu Edia-Asuke, Helen I Inabo, Samson Mukaratirwa, Veronica J Umoh, Clement M Z Whong, Sunday Asuke, Elijah Ekah Ella
INTRODUCTION: Taenia solium cysticercosis is considered an emerging parasitic zoonosis of global importance due to its impact on both agriculture and public health in developing countries. Epidemiological information on human cysticercosis is limited in Nigeria. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of human cysticercosis in areas of Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria, where small-holder pig farming is practiced. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Kaduna South and Chikun Local Government Areas of Kaduna metropolis, which are widely involved in small-holder pig farming and pork consumption...
August 2015: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
S E Avetisov, V P Erichev, M V Budzinskaia, M A Karpilova, I V Gurova, I V Shchegoleva, E A Chikun
In recent decades the problem of low vision and blindness in elderly people became major and socially significant issue. The number of patients having age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in association with glaucoma grows all over the world that attaches medical and social value to this problem. 102 patients with AMD were under follow-up, 7 of them had primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Three consecutive injections of ranibizumab resulted in visual acuity increase from 0.21 +/- 0.17 till 0.37 +/- 0.12. The mean retinal thickness in foveal zone decreased from 289...
November 2012: Vestnik Oftalmologii
M V Budzinskaia, T V Pogoda, I D Strelkova, E A Chikun, I V Shchegoleva, É É Kazarian, N S Galoian
A detailed analysis of influence of HTRA (serine peptidase) and VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) genes mutations is presented. The presence of one gene copy with allele of A- polymorphism rs1120638 of HTRA1 gen, T- polymorphism rs10490924 and de11443in54 of ARMS2 gene increases the risk of CNV in patients with AMD. The feature of clinical presentation in patients with CNV associated with (-625) A mutation of promoter region of HTRA1 gene in two chromosomes was fulminant course of the disease from exudative to scarring processes with fibrous tissue formation not just with sub-, but also intra- and preretinal localization...
July 2011: Vestnik Oftalmologii
M V Budzinskaia, T V Pogoda, É V Generozov, E A Chikun, I V Shchegoleva, É É Kazarian, N S Galoian
Genetic analysis was performed in patients with subretinal neovascularization (CNV). The results showed significant association of CFH (compliment factor H) gene polymorphism with increase (rs1061170, rs514943 and rs380390) or decrease (rs529825, rs7524776, rs1831281, rs2274700, rs1576340, rs12144939, rs7540032) of CNV development risk. The incidence of IL-8 gene mutation was significantly (p = 0.008) higher in patients after chorioretinitis. Apparently -125 > A polymorphism in patients with chorioretinitis increases risk of CNV development, thus promoting raise of proangiogenic factors concentration in eyes with inflammatory background...
July 2011: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Yuriko Yahata, Jyun Sasaki, Yasushi Isobe, Yutaka Chikune, Norio Komatsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2010: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
V A Kutiakov, V I Chikun, A I Grotsan
This paper is focused on selected problems of postdiploma training of experts for forensic chemical departments of bureaus of forensic medical examination. The main drawbacks of the existing system of advanced education for such specialists are the narrow spectrum of pharmaceutical disciplines and the lack of internship training for future experts for forensic chemical departments. Other interfering factors are conflicting situations arising in the course of forensic chemical examination at bureaus of forensic medical examination and chemical-toxicological investigations carried out in clinical and diagnostic laboratories by specialists having diploma of higher education in pharmacia...
January 2010: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
S L Parilov, V I Chikun, V A Klevno
An anatomic approach is developed to sphenooccipital synchondrosis in newborn infants and nurslings. After removal of the squamous portion of the occipital bone by the method of Medvedev, opening of the cerebrospinal canal, removal of the spinal cord and hypophysis, two parallel cuts converging at an angle of approximately 90 degrees were made with a dissecting blade saw along both sides of sella turcica towards the anterior edge of the great occipital foramen to transect the sphenoid bone and main part of the occipital bone...
November 2008: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Krishna R Murthy, Nandita Venkataraman, Vidya Satish, Kalpana Babu
A 35-year-old male with a history of chikungunya fever, presented with diminution of vision in the right eye of one-week duration. His best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was counting fingers 2 meters and 20/20 (Snellens) in the right and left eyes respectively. A diagnosis of neuroretinitis was made in the right eye while left eye showed features of retinitis. ELISA (serum) and polymerase chain reaction (aqueous) were positive for herpes simplex virus. The lesions did not show any response to antiviral or steroid treatment and appeared to be self-limiting...
July 2008: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
S L Parilov, V I Chikun
Anatomic approaches to the jugular ganglia, which are used at autopsy of adults with craniospinal injury, have been adapted to those at autopsy of infants. In the neonates and babies less than 3 months of age, layer-by-layer separation of soft tissues of the neck is applied and the mandibular angle is removed along with the articular process. The upper cervical portion of the vague nerve is excised together with soft tissues and ganglia of jugular foramens. In babies above 3 months of age, two parallel saw cuts are used to cross the bulk of the occipital bone from its edges to those of the jugular foramen on each side after lancing the vertebral column and removing the occipital bone...
March 2008: Arkhiv Patologii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1963: Zdravookhranenie Belorussii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1962: Zdravookhranenie Belorussii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1963: Zdravookhranenie Belorussii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1961: Zdravookhranenie Belorussii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1962: Zdravookhranenie Belorussii
Aiqin Su, Ruoran Mi, Shuangge Zhang, Chikun Tu, Yuhua Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the roles of luteinizing hormone releasing-hormone (LHRH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and ovary steroids in regulation of human endometrial stroma cell (ESC) decidualization. METHODS: Stroma cells derived from human endometrium during the proliferative phase were cultured in vitro and treated with physiological doses of estradiol (E(2)), testosterone (T), progesterone (P) or LHRH, FSH and hCG...
August 2002: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
M S Chikun, K S Shadurskiĭ
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1969: Farmakologiia i Toksikologiia
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