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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340516/markers-of-dietary-protein-intake-are-associated-with-successful-weight-loss-in-the-pounds-lost-trial
#1
G A Bray, D H Ryan, W Johnson, C M Champagne, C M Johnson, J Rood, D A Williamson, F M Sacks
To assess the association of markers for dietary protein intake, measures of dietary adherence and demographic variables with weight loss in the POUNDS Lost study over the first 6 months and again between 6 and 24 months using data from those who completed each period. This is a secondary analysis of pooled data on completers assigned to one of four diets: 65%C/15%P/20%F (AP/LF), 55%C/25%P/20%F (HP/LF), 45%C/15%P/40%F (AP/HF) or 35%C/25%P40%F (HP/HF) in the POUNDS Lost study. Urinary nitrogen excretion, dietary adherence measured by 24-h recall and attendance at sessions, age (above and below 50 years), gender, race/ethnicity and activity by pedometry were analysed...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340493/conservative-treatment-with-octreotide-to-provide-early-recovery-of-children-with-esophageal-perforation
#2
Ramazan Karabulut, Zafer Turkyilmaz, Kaan Sonmez, Abdullah Can Basaklar
Background The effectiveness of nonoperative treatment of esophageal perforation (EP) in children with octreotide is highlighted. Methods Records of nine patients (seven boys and two girls with an average age of 5.83 ± 5.35 years) with EP were reviewed. Results EP developed in six patients during dilation of esophageal stenosis (five of six caused by caustic burns). In the other three patients, EP developed after nasogastric placement, after endotracheal intubation, and during endoscopy for foreign body...
March 24, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340431/utility-of-repetitive-nerve-stimulation-test-for-als-diagnosis
#4
Yuki Hatanaka, Mana Higashihara, Takashi Chiba, Yosuke Miyaji, Yasuomi Kawamura, Masahiro Sonoo
OBJECTIVE: Decremental responses in the repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) test in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients have been reported, although their possible diagnostic role has received little investigation. We investigated their diagnostic role in differentiation between ALS and cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA), an important ALS mimic especially in Japan. METHODS: Patients were prospectively enrolled and the diagnosis was confirmed by follow-up...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340425/increased-nucleus-accumbens-volume-in-first-episode-psychosis
#5
Mireia Forns-Nadal, Daniel Bergé, Federico Sem, Anna Mané, Laura Igual, Dani Guinart, Oscar Vilarroya
Nucleus accumbens has been reported as a key structure in the neurobiology of schizophrenia. Studies analyzing structural abnormalities have shown conflicting results, possibly related to confounding factors. We investigated the nucleus accumbens volume using manual delimitation in first-episode psychosis (FEP) controlling for age, cannabis use and medication. Thirty-one FEP subjects who were naive or minimally exposed to antipsychotics and a control group were MRI scanned and clinically assessed from baseline to 6 months of follow-up...
March 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340319/apigenin-reduces-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-subsequent-cytokine-production-as-protective-effect-in-a-rodent-animal-model-of-lung-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#6
Ioannis Bougioukas, Vassilios Didilis, Alexander Emmert, Ahmad F Jebran, Regina Waldmann-Beushausen, Tomislav Stojanovic, Friedrich A Schoendube, Bernhard C Danner
PURPOSE: Lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) can complicate lung transplantation or cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, increasing morbidity and mortality. In LIRI, pro-inflammatory cytokines are activated, reactive oxygen species are generated and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is up-regulated, altering lung mechanics. We tested the effect of the flavonoid apigenin on a rodent model of LIRI. METHODS: Thirty-seven Wistar rats were subjected to LIRI with or without a single or double dose of apigenin...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340312/a-preliminary-investigation-on-the-effect-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-as-a-treatment-for-neurogenic-heterotopic-ossification-following-traumatic-brain-injury-part-ii-effects-on-function
#7
J E Reznik, E Biros, Y Sacher, O Kibrik, S Milanese, S Gordon, M P Galea
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) occurs as a complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Management of clinically significant NHO remains variable. Complications of mature NHO include limitation of mobility. The effect of the extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on range of motion at hip and knee, and function in patients with TBI with chronic NHO was investigated. METHODS: A series of single-case studies applying ESWT to chronic NHO at the hip or knee of 11 patients with TBI were undertaken at a rehabilitation hospital...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340308/a-preliminary-investigation-on-the-effect-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-as-a-treatment-for-neurogenic-heterotopic-ossification-following-traumatic-brain-injury-part-i-effects-on-pain
#8
J E Reznik, E Biros, A C Lamont, Y Sacher, O Kibrik, S Milanese, S Gordon, M P Galea
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) is a complication of a neurological injury following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and may be present around major synovial joints. It is often accompanied by severe pain, which may lead to limitation in activities of daily living. Currently, a common intervention for NHO is surgery, which has been reported to carry many additional risks. This study was designed to assess the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on pain in patients with TBI with chronic NHO...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340281/high-ten-year-remission-rates-following-rituximab-fludarabine-mitoxantrone-and-dexamethasone-r-fnd-with-interferon-maintenance-in-indolent-lymphoma-results-of-a-randomized-study
#9
Loretta J Nastoupil, Peter McLaughlin, Lei Feng, Sattva S Neelapu, Felipe Samaniego, Fredrick B Hagemeister, Ana Ayala, Jorge E Romaguera, Andre H Goy, Eleanor Neal, Michael Wang, Luis Fayad, Michelle A Fanale, Yasuhiro Oki, Jason R Westin, Maria A Rodriguez, Fernando Cabanillas, Nathan H Fowler
We report a single-centre, randomized study evaluating the efficacy and safety of concurrent fludarabine, mitoxantrone, dexamethasone (FND) and rituximab versus sequential FND followed by rituximab in 158 patients with advanced stage, previously untreated indolent lymphoma, enrolled between 1997 and 2002. Patients were randomized to 6-8 cycles of FND followed by 6 monthly doses of rituximab or 6 doses of rituximab given concurrently with FND. All patients who achieved at least a partial response received 12 months of interferon (IFN) maintenance...
March 24, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340248/irradiation-of-red-blood-cells-and-alloimmunization
#10
Christopher A Tormey, Jeanne E Hendrickson
Background: Animal models suggest that red blood cell (RBC) damage incurred during storage can increase immunogenicity to some RBC antigens. We hypothesized that RBC irradiation, a source of oxidative damage, may result in higher RBC alloimmunization rates among transfusion recipients. Methods: Individuals receiving 1 or more gamma-irradiated RBC units, with follow-up antibody screening, were studied. We recorded diagnosis at the time of first irradiated RBC-unit transfusion, total irradiated RBCs received, and alloantibodies detected before and after irradiated RBC transfusion...
March 18, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340204/changes-in-pain-and-muscle-architecture-in-colon-cancer-survivors-after-a-lumbopelvic-exercise-program-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Mario Lozano-Lozano, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Antonio Fernández-Pérez, Noelia Galiano-Castillo
Objective.:  To investigate the efficacy of an eight-week lumbopelvic stabilization program (CO-CUIDATE) for colon cancer survivors. Design.:  A secondary analysis of a randomized controlled clinical trial. Settings.:  A blinded, trained researcher performed the end point assessments for pain (Pressure Pain Threshold and Brief Pain Inventory) and muscle architecture (ultrasound imaging measurements). Subjects.:  Forty-six colon cancer survivors who were assigned to the CO-CUIDATE group or usual care group...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340202/validity-and-reproducibility-of-the-start-back-tool-dutch-version-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-in-primary-care-settings
#12
Jasper D Bier, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Miranda L van Hooff, Bart W Koes, Arianne P Verhagen
Objective: To translate, and to investigate the reliability and validity of the STarT Back screening tool (SBT) in the primary care setting among patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP). Methods: The SBT was formally translated in Dutch following a multistep approach for forward and backward translation. General practitioners and physiotherapists included patients with LBP. Patients completed a baseline a questionnaire and a follow-up at three days and three months...
March 9, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340201/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-of-physical-activity-and-health-status-in-adolescents
#13
Emily Granger, Francesco Di Nardo, Annie Harrison, Lesley Patterson, Raphael Holmes, Arpana Verma
Reduced physical activity is a known risk factor for many illnesses. Research in adolescent populations found increased physical activity levels improves objective health outcomes, but there is conflicting evidence regarding the relationship between physical activity levels and self-reported health status. To synthesise current evidence on the association between physical activity and self-reported health status in adolescents. Secondary objectives are to assess whether the relationship is dose dependant, and the appropriateness of WHO recommendations on adolescents' physical activity...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340158/maintenance-therapy-is-associated-with-better-long-term-outcomes-in-adult-patients-with-primary-angiitis-of-the-central-nervous-system
#14
Hubert de Boysson, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Caroline Arquizan, Grégoire Boulouis, Nicolas Gaillard, Alexis Régent, Antoine Néel, Olivier Detante, Emanuel Touzé, Achille Aouba, Boris Bienvenu, Loïc Guillevin, Olivier Naggara, Mathieu Zuber, Christian Pagnoux
Objective.: We aimed to analyse the effect of maintenance therapy after induction on the outcomes of adult patients with primary angiitis of the CNS (PACNS). Methods.: We analysed long-term outcomes (relapse, survival and functional status) of patients enrolled in the French multicentre PACNS cohort who achieved remission after induction treatment and with ⩾12 months' follow-up, according to whether or not they received maintenance therapy. Good outcome was defined as relapse-free survival and good functional status (modified Rankin scale ⩽ 2) at last follow-up...
March 17, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340150/severe-conduction-defects-requiring-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-in-patients-with-a-new-onset-left-bundle-branch-block-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#15
V J Nijenhuis, V F Van Dijk, S M Chaldoupi, J C Balt, J M Ten Berg
Aims: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is frequently associated with cardiac conduction defects (CCD) requiring permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI). Although new-onset left bundle branch block (LBBB) is often seen, the rate of progression to severe CCD is unclear. We aimed to find clinical and electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters associated with severe CCD requiring PPI in patients with a new-onset LBBB after TAVI and assess its effect on clinical outcome. Methods and results: All consecutive patients undergoing TAVI who developed a new-onset LBBB were retrospectively analysed...
March 17, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340144/preventive-chemotherapy-in-one-year-reduces-by-over-80-the-number-of-individuals-with-soil-transmitted-helminthiases-causing-morbidity-results-from-meta-analysis
#16
Chiara Marocco, Mathieu Bangert, Serene A Joseph, Christopher Fitzpatrick, Antonio Montresor
The morbidity due to Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura is caused by infections of moderate and heavy intensity while hookworm infections of all intensities are recognized to cause morbidity.This study aims to evaluate the effect of repeated rounds of preventive chemotherapy on the proportion of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections causing morbidity. We identified studies from 17 countries, reporting changes in the proportion of STH infection causing morbidity between baseline and follow-up...
March 18, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340139/assessment-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-rhabdomyolytic-mice-by-transcutaneous-measurement-of-sinistrin-excretion
#17
Aldo Moggio, Stefania Geraci, Alberto Boido, Carsten Sticht, Norbert Gretz, Benedetta Bussolati
Background: . Early and accurate assessment of renal function is required for the successful detection and treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, only retention parameters such as plasma urea and creatinine, and the indirect estimation of glomerular filtration rate are commonly available. Methods.: Here, we measured the kinetics of plasma fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-sinistrin excretion to detect alterations of renal function over time in a murine model of rhabdomyolysis-induced AKI...
February 27, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340132/the-impact-of-weight-and-weight-related-perceptions-on-smoking-status-among-young-adults-in-a-text-messaging-cessation-program
#18
Kisha I Coa, Erik Augustson, Annette Kaufman
Introduction: Weight gain and concerns about weight can influence a smoker's ability to successfully quit, and young adults are a subgroup of smokers who are particularly concerned about the impact of quitting on their body weight. This study explored the associations between body mass index (BMI), weight perceptions, and smoking status among young adults. Methods: The sample consisted of 4,027 young adults between the ages of 18 and 29 who participated in a randomized control trial of the National Cancer Institute's SmokefreeTXT program...
March 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340126/association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-access-to-care-and-quitting-smoking-with-and-without-assistance
#19
Sarah A Edwards, Russell C Callaghan, Robert E Mann, Susan J Bondy
Introduction: Socio-economic disparities in smoking rates persist, in Ontario, despite public health care and universal tobacco control policies. Mechanisms for continuing disparities are not fully understood. Unequal access or utilization of assistance for cessation may contribute. The objective of this research was to use longitudinal data on smokers to examine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and access to care measures and assisted and unassisted quit attempts. Methods: Data were taken from 3578 smokers with at least one follow-up interview participating in the Ontario Tobacco Survey (OTS)...
March 10, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340119/the-risk-of-nephrolithiasis-is-causally-related-to-inactive-matrix-gla-protein-a-marker-of-vitamin-k-status-a-mendelian-randomization-study-in-a-flemish-population
#20
Fang-Fei Wei, Lutgarde Thijs, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Lotte Jacobs, Wen-Yi Yang, Erika Salvi, Lorena Citterio, Nicholas Cauwenberghs, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Nadja E A Drummen, Azusa Hara, Paolo Manunta, Yan Li, Peter Verhamme, Karel Allegaert, Daniele Cusi, Cees Vermeer, Jan A Staessen
Background.: Vitamin K (VK)-dependent γ-glutamate carboxylation and serine phosphorylation activate matrix Gla protein (MGP) to a potent locally acting inhibitor of calcification. Nephrolithiasis represents a process of unwanted calcification associated with substantial mortality and high recurrence rates. We hypothesized that the risk of nephrolithiasis increases with VK shortage, as exemplified by higher plasma levels of desphospho-uncarboxylated MGP (dp-ucMGP). Methods...
March 15, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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