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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918456/testing-a-mobile-mindful-eating-intervention-targeting-craving-related-eating-feasibility-and-proof-of-concept
#1
Ashley E Mason, Kinnari Jhaveri, Michael Cohn, Judson A Brewer
Theoretically driven smartphone-delivered behavioral interventions that target mechanisms underlying eating behavior are lacking. In this study, we administered a 28-day self-paced smartphone-delivered intervention rooted in an operant conditioning theoretical framework that targets craving-related eating using mindful eating practices. At pre-intervention and 1-month post-intervention, we assessed food cravings among adult overweight or obese women (N = 104; M age = 46.2 ± 14.1 years; M BMI = 31...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917098/can-attitudes-about-smoking-impact-cigarette-cravings
#2
Lauren Bertin, Samara Lipsky, Joel Erblich
Cigarette cravings, especially those in response to environmental stressors and other smoking-related triggers (e.g., passing by a favorite smoking spot), are important contributors to smoking behavior and relapse. Previous studies have demonstrated significant individual differences in such cravings. This study explores the possibility that attitudes about smoking can influence the experience of cigarette craving. Consistent with classical theories of the links between cognition and motivation, we predicted that smokers who exhibit more favorable attitudes towards smoking would have greater cravings...
September 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910232/characterizing-blunt-use-among-twitter-users-racial-ethnic-differences-in-use-patterns-and-characteristics
#3
LaTrice Montgomery, Kamonta Heidelburg, Cendrine Robinson
BACKGROUND: Young adult Twitter users are exposed to and often participate in tweets that promote risky behaviors, such as blunt use. Blunts are hollowed out cigars or cigarillos that are filled with marijuana. OBJECTIVES: The current study was designed to determine the use patterns and characteristics of African American, Hispanic and White young adult Twitter users who reported past month blunt use. METHODS: Young adults (N = 753, 74% male) who reported past month blunt use were recruited via Twitter to participate in a brief anonymous online survey about their blunt use...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901656/the-effects-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-and-alcohol-abuse-on-sleep-and-snoring-functions-in-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#4
Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Seppo Koskinen, Timo Partonen
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a recurrent depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern. In addition to some specific symptoms such as sad mood, low energy or carbohydrate craving, this mood disorder is also characterized by the presence of sleeping problems and alcohol disorders. Interestingly, there is a strong link between alcohol use and sleeping deficits. Although previous studies have focused extensively on the sleep patterns in SAD patients and patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD), no research has yet been conducted on subjects with comorbid SAD and AUD...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898494/n-acetylcysteine-in-the-treatment-of-craving-in-substance-use-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Michel Silvio Duailibi, Quirino Cordeiro, Elisa Brietzke, Marcelo Ribeiro, Steve LaRowe, Michael Berk, Alisson Paulino Trevizol
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent neurobiological evidences along with clinical observations justify the use of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) as a medication for craving. The objective of our study was to assess the evidence of efficacy of NAC for craving in substance use disorders in randomized clinical trials (RCTs). METHODS: Systematic review of the RCTs literature (PROSPERO number 56698) until February, 2017, using MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and clinicaltrials.gov. We included seven RCTs (n = 245); most with small-to-moderate sample sizes...
September 12, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898485/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-dorsal-lateral-prefrontal-cortex-inhibits-medial-orbitofrontal-activity-in-smokers
#6
Xingbao Li, Gregory L Sahlem, Bashar W Badran, Lisa M McTeague, Colleen A Hanlon, Karen J Hartwell, Scott Henderson, Mark S George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Several studies have shown that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), can reduce cue-elicited craving in smokers. Currently, the mechanism of this effect is unknown. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore the effect of a single treatment of rTMS on cortical and sub-cortical neural activity in non-treatment seeking nicotine-dependent participants. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, counterbalanced, crossover trial in which participants attended two experimental visits separated by at least 1 week...
September 12, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898308/-the-treatment-of-cannabis-dependence-clinical-work-psychotherapy-and-evidence
#7
José Capece, Federico Pavlovsky
Identifying compulsive consumption of marijuana in association with another mental disorder (attentional defcit disorder, bipolar disorder, depression or psychosis) presents the challenge of clarifying validated therapeutic strategies, especially within the teen population, in which it shows the highest prevalence. The ever-increasing prevalence and the need for regional treatments, demand that we approach this health matter as a public health issue. The ideological con?icts related to the necessary decriminalization of consumption and the current debate on the medical use of marijuana often confuse the urgent need to establish effective therapeutic strategies for the population affected by this mental disorder...
November 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894547/a-novel-therapy-for-cocaine-dependence-during-abstinence-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Bijan Pirnia, Ali Reza Moradi, Kambiz Pirnia, Parisa Kolahi, Rasool Roshan
BACKGROUND: Topiramate is an anticonvulsant drug and an ideal candidate for reducing the craving in people relying on cocaine. Contingency management is one of the common therapies in the domain of addiction. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate and compare three medication methods of Topiramate (TPM), Contingency Management (CM) and the combined TPM treatment and cash intervention on craving during abstinence. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at Bijan Center for Substance Abuse Treatment in Tehran, Iran, from December 15, 2014 to November 20, 2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894300/striatal-dopamine-d1-type-receptor-availability-no-difference-from-control-but-association-with-cortical-thickness-in-methamphetamine-users
#9
K Okita, A M Morales, A C Dean, M C Johnson, V Lu, J Farahi, M A Mandelkern, E D London
Chronic methamphetamine use poses potentially devastating consequences for directly affected individuals and for society. Lower dopamine D2-type receptor availability has been observed in striata of methamphetamine users as compared with controls, but an analogous comparison of D1-type receptors has been conducted only on post-mortem material, with no differences in methamphetamine users from controls in the caudate nucleus and putamen and higher D1-receptor density in the nucleus accumbens. Released from neurons when methamphetamine is self-administered, dopamine binds to both D1- and D2-type receptors in the striatum, with downstream effects on cortical activity...
September 12, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893411/suicidal-thoughts-in-persons-treated-for-alcohol-dependence-the-role-of-selected-demographic-and-clinical-factors
#10
Marcin Ziółkowski, Damian Czarnecki, Jan Chodkiewicz, Krzysztof Gąsior, Artur Juczyński, Agata Biedrzycka, Ewa Gruszczyńska, Katarzyna Nowakowska-Domagała
Greater knowledge is needed of potential predictive factors for suicide in cases of alcohol addiction. Therefore, the aim of the study was to identify the socio-demographic variables and clinical factors associated with alcohol dependence which may have an influence on the occurrence of suicidal thoughts in alcohol-dependent patients. A group of 510 patients (396 male and 114 female) diagnosed with alcohol dependence syndrome were interviewed during the third week of therapy according to the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Penn Alcohol Craving Scale (PACS) and the Short Alcohol Dependence Data Questionnaire (SADD)...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892881/thyroid-hormone-levels-in-chronic-alcoholic-liver-disease-patients-before-and-after-treatment
#11
Jaswanth Kumar Papineni, Venkata Bharat Kumar Pinnelli, Raghavendra Davanum
INTRODUCTION: Alcoholic liver disease affects almost all aspects of the thyroid gland including the thyroid hormone levels and the thyroid gland size. The altered thyroid hormone levels in alcoholic liver disease may affect alcohol abstinence in withdrawal period by changing hormone milieu in brain, increasing withdrawal dysphoria and increasing craving. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess and compare the levels of thyroid hormones- free T3, free T4, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) and Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) in chronic alcoholic liver disease patients before and after treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892421/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-human-laboratory-model-of-impaired-control-over-alcohol-using-intravenous-alcohol-self-administration
#12
Jeffrey D Wardell, Bernard Le Foll, Christian S Hendershot
Impaired control over alcohol is central to alcohol use disorder, but most research on impaired control is limited to self-report methods. This study applied intravenous alcohol self-administration to conduct a preliminary investigation of a novel human laboratory model of impaired control. Heavy episodic drinkers (ages 19-22 years) completed a two-hour intravenous alcohol self-administration session that involved an incentive to maintain breath alcohol concentration below 80 mg%. Impaired control was operationalized based on whether participants exceeded (impaired control positive; IC+) or adhered to (impaired control negative; IC-) the breath alcohol concentration limit, as well as the discrepancy between intended and actual peak breath alcohol concentration...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888152/altered-functional-connectivity-to-stressful-stimuli-in-prenatally-cocaine-exposed-adolescents
#13
Yasmin Zakiniaeiz, Sarah W Yip, Iris M Balodis, Cheryl M Lacadie, Dustin Scheinost, R Todd Constable, Linda C Mayes, Rajita Sinha, Marc N Potenza
BACKGROUND: Prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) is linked to addiction and obesity vulnerability. Neural responses to stressful and appetitive cues in adolescents with PCE versus those without have been differentially linked to substance-use initiation. However, no prior studies have assessed cue-reactivity responses among PCE adolescents using a connectivity-based approach. METHODS: Twenty-two PCE and 22 non-prenatally drug-exposed (NDE) age-, sex-, IQ- and BMI-matched adolescents participated in individualized guided imagery with appetitive (favorite-food), stressful and neutral-relaxing cue scripts during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
August 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881072/self-efficacy-modulates-the-neural-correlates-of-craving-in-male-smokers-and-ex-smokers-an-fmri-study
#14
Miki Ono, Takanori Kochiyama, Junya Fujino, Takashi Sozu, Ryosaku Kawada, Naoto Yokoyama, Genichi Sugihara, Toshiya Murai, Hidehiko Takahashi
The regulation of cue-induced craving for cigarettes is a key factor in smoking cessation. Outcomes of smoking cessation have been linked to self-efficacy, faith in one's own ability, in smokers. However, no study has examined the neural basis of self-efficacy during the control of craving. We examined whether self-efficacy can affect the neural response to smoking cues in smokers and ex-smokers using functional magnetic resonance imaging. During scanning, participants were instructed (1) to view smoking-related images passively, (2) to view the smoking-related images with a strategy focused on self-efficacy to control cue-induced craving or (3) to view neutral images...
September 7, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875309/early-life-adversity-influences-stress-response-association-with-smoking-relapse
#15
Mustafa al'Absi, Andrine Lemieux, Ruth Westra, Sharon Allen
RATIONALE: We examined the hypothesis that stress-related blunting of cortisol in smokers is particularly pronounced in those with a history of severe life adversity. OBJECTIVES: The two aims of this study were first to examine hormonal, craving, and withdrawal symptoms during ad libitum smoking and after the first 24 h of abstinence in smokers who experienced high or low levels of adversity. Second, we sought to examine the relationship between adversity and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) hormones to predict relapse during the first month of a smoking cessation attempt...
September 5, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874175/effect-of-exercise-type-on-smoking-cessation-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Thaniya Klinsophon, Premtip Thaveeratitham, Ekalak Sitthipornvorakul, Prawit Janwantanakul
BACKGROUND: Exercise is one choice of additional treatment for smoking cessation by relieving nicotine withdrawal symptoms and smoking craving. The possible mechanism of the effect of exercise on relieving nicotine withdrawal symptoms and smoking craving is including affect, biological, and cognitive hypotheses. Evidence suggests that different types of exercise have different effects on these mechanisms. Therefore, type of exercise might have effect on smoking cessation. The purpose of this study is to systematically review randomized controlled trials to gain insight into which types of exercise are effective for smoking cessation...
September 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874146/effect-of-short-term-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-on-long-term-abstinence-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-a-one-year-follow-up
#17
Ana Isabel Penzlin, Kristian Barlinn, Ben Min-Woo Illigens, Kerstin Weidner, Martin Siepmann, Timo Siepmann
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled study (RCT) recently showed that short-term heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback in addition to standard rehabilitation care for alcohol dependence can reduce craving, anxiety and improve cardiovascular autonomic function. In this one-year follow-up study we aimed to explore whether completion of 2-week HRV-Biofeedback training is associated with long-term abstinence. Furthermore, we sought to identify potential predictors of post-treatment abstinence...
September 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872745/neural-mechanisms-of-extinguishing-drug-and-pleasant-cue-associations-in-human-addiction-role-of-the-vmpfc
#18
Anna B Konova, Muhammad A Parvaz, Vladimir Bernstein, Anna Zilverstand, Scott J Moeller, Mauricio R Delgado, Nelly Alia-Klein, Rita Z Goldstein
The neurobiological mechanisms that underlie the resistance of drug cue associations to extinction in addiction remain unknown. Fear extinction critically depends on the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC). Here, we tested if this same region plays a role in extinction of non-fear, drug and pleasant cue associations. Eighteen chronic cocaine users and 15 matched controls completed three functional MRI scans. Participants first learned to associate an abstract cue (the conditioned stimulus, CS) with a drug-related (CSD+ ) or pleasant (CSP+ ) image...
September 5, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870635/cannabidiol-inhibits-priming-induced-reinstatement-of-methamphetamine-in-rem-sleep-deprived-rats
#19
Saeideh Karimi-Haghighi, Abbas Haghparast
Methamphetamine (METH) is a widely abused and a severely addictive psychostimulant. Relapse is the main cause of concern when treating addiction. It could manifest after a long period of abstinence. Previous studies showed that there is a strong connection between sleep impairment and relapse. Also, it has been reported that cannabidiol might be a potential treatment for drug craving and relapse. In this study, we used conditioned place preference (CPP) to investigate whether Cannabidiol (CBD), a phytocannabinoid, can prevent METH-induced reinstatement in Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Deprived (RSD) rats...
September 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870475/taste-related-factors-and-food-neophobia-are-they-associated-with-nutritional-status-and-teenagers-food-choices
#20
Helena Dória Ribeiro de Andrade Previato, Jorge Herman Behrens
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of taste-related factors (craving for sweets, using food as a reward and pleasure) and food neophobia with nutritional status and food intake among teenagers. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 132 teenagers 15 to 19 y of age. Food behavior, anthropometrics, body composition, and lifestyle measurements were obtained and analyzed. RESULTS: Craving for sweets was associated with overweight, adiposity, meal skipping, physical inactivity, and intake of sweets (P < 0...
October 2017: Nutrition
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