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Perianal disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902515/comparison-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-disability-in-ulcerative-colitis-patients-following-restorative-proctocolectomy-with-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-versus-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-therapy
#1
Sara van Gennep, Saloomeh Sahami, Christianne J Buskens, Gijs R van den Brink, Cyriel Y Ponsioen, André D'Hoore, Anthony de Buck van Overstraeten, Gert van Assche, Marc Ferrante, Séverine Vermeire, Willem A Bemelman, Geert R A M D'Haens, Mark Löwenberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) and disability were compared in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients who underwent restorative proctocolectomy versus patients who received treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: UC patients who underwent restorative proctocolectomy or started anti-TNF treatment between January 2010 and January 2015 were included at two tertiary referral centers. A matched cohort was created using propensity score matching for the covariates disease duration, Montreal classification, age, and sex...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895429/potential-model-for-differential-diagnosis-between-crohn-s-disease-and-primary-intestinal-lymphoma
#2
Tian-Yu Zhang, Yun Lin, Rong Fan, Shu-Rong Hu, Meng-Meng Cheng, Mao-Chen Zhang, Li-Wen Hong, Xiao-Lin Zhou, Zheng-Ting Wang, Jie Zhong
AIM: To evaluate the usefulness of different parameters to differentiate Crohn's disease (CD) from primary intestinal lymphoma (PIL). METHODS: The medical records of 85 patients with CD and 56 patients with PIL were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, endoscopic, and computed tomographic enterography (CTE) parameters were collected. The univariate value of each parameter was analyzed. A differentiation model was established by pooling all the valuable parameters...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893544/visceral-adiposity-genetic-susceptibility-and-risk-of-complications-among-individuals-with-crohn-s-disease
#3
Kimberley W J Van Der Sloot, Amit D Joshi, Danielle R Bellavance, Katherine K Gilpin, Kathleen O Stewart, Paul Lochhead, John J Garber, Cosmas Giallourakis, Vijay Yajnik, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Ramnik J Xavier, Hamed Khalili
INTRODUCTION: Adipose tissue in mesenteric fat plays a key role in systemic and luminal inflammation. However, little is known about the role of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and its interaction with genetic predisposition in Crohn's disease (CD) progression. METHODS: Our study population included patients with CD enrolled in Prospective Registry in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Study at Massachusetts General Hospital (PRISM). VAT volume was measured from computed tomography using Aquarius 3D...
November 22, 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885389/mri-features-of-perianal-fistulas-is-there-a-difference-between-crohn-s-and-non-crohn-s-patients
#4
Irai S Oliveira, Aoife Kilcoyne, Melissa C Price, Mukesh Harisinghani
PURPOSE: Though perianal fistulas are commonly seen in patients with Crohn's disease, they can also be seen in patients without inflammatory bowel disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate MR imaging differences of perianal fistulas in patients with and without Crohn's disease. METHODS: Our retrospective search from January 2012 to December 2015 of the Radiology database for perianal fistula yielded 207 patients. Only patients with dedicated MR fistula protocol studies were included, whereas patients with previous anal surgery or anastomosis, anorectal tumors, and equivocal findings that could not be definitely assessed as a fistula were excluded...
November 24, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878619/an-open-prospective-study-evaluating-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-new-medical-device-for-rectal-application-of-activated-carbon-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-uncomplicated-perianal-fistulas
#5
Antoni Zawadzki, Louis Banka Johnson, Måns Bohe, Claes Johansson, Mats Ekelund, Ole Haagen Nielsen
PURPOSE: It has been proposed that biological/chemical substances in the intestine might play a role in the occurrence and deterioration of perianal fistulas. Elimination of such unidentified factors from the lower gastrointestinal tract might offer a new strategy for the management of anal fistulas. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects on non-Crohn's disease perianal fistula healing, and the safety and tolerability of a new medical device that applies high-purity, high-activity granular activated carbon locally into the rectum twice daily of patients with perianal fistulas without any concomitant medication...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867692/osteonecrosis-of-both-knees-in-a-woman-with-crohn-s-disease
#6
Mara Barbosa, José Cotter
Osteonecrosis is a very rare complication of Crohn's disease (CD). It is not clear if it is related to corticosteroid therapy or if it occurs as an extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease. We present the case of a patient with CD who presented with osteonecrosis of both knees. A 22 years old woman was diagnosed with CD in April 2012 (Montreal Classification A2L1 + L4B3p). She was started on prednisolone (40 mg/d), azathioprine (100 mg/d) and messalazine (3 g/d). In July 2012, due to active perianal disease, infliximab therapy was initiated...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862714/de-novo-inflammatory-bowel-disease-after-pediatric-kidney-or-liver-transplant
#7
Melissa A Fernandes, Hillary J Braun, Kim Evason, Sue Rhee, Emily R Perito
A subset of children who receive a liver and/or kidney transplant develop de novo inflammatory bowel disease-like chronic intestinal inflammation, not explained by infection or medications, following transplant. We have conducted a single-center, retrospective case series describing the unique clinical and histologic features of this IBD-like chronic intestinal inflammation following solid organ transplant. At our center, nine of 327 kidney or liver recipients developed de novo IBD following transplant (six liver, two kidney, one liver-kidney)...
November 11, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861181/genetic-risk-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-a-determinant-of-crohn-s-disease-development-in-chronic-granulomatous-disease
#8
Chengrui Huang, Suk See De Ravin, Adam R Paul, Theo Heller, Nancy Ho, Lisa Wu Datta, Christa S Zerbe, Beatriz E Marciano, Douglas B Kuhns, Howard A Kader, Steven M Holland, Harry L Malech, Steven R Brant
BACKGROUND: Approximately, one-third to one-half of children with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) develop gastrointestinal inflammation characteristic of idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), usually Crohn's disease. We hypothesized that the overall IBD genetic risk, determined by IBD genetic risk score (GRS), might in part determine IBD development in CGD. METHODS: We reviewed medical records to establish IBD diagnoses in CGD subjects seen at NIAID. IBD risk single nucleotide polymorphism genotypes were determined using the Immunochip, and GRS were estimated by Mangrove...
December 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855530/the-role-of-a-defunctioning-stoma-for-colonic-and-perianal-crohn-s-disease-in-the-biological-era
#9
M Martí-Gallostra, P Myrelid, N Mortensen, S Keshav, S P L Travis, B George
OBJECTIVE: A defunctioning stoma is a therapeutic option for colonic or perianal Crohn's disease. In the pre-biologic era the response rate to defunctioning in our unit was high (86%), but intestinal continuity was only restored in 11-20%. Few data exist on the outcome of defunctioning since the widespread introduction of biologicals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients undergoing a defunctioning stoma for colonic/perianal Crohn's disease since 2003-2011 were identified from a prospective database...
November 18, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852544/investigation-of-il23r-jak2-and-stat3-gene-polymorphisms-and-gene-gene-interactions-in-crohn-s-disease-and-ulcerative-colitis-in-a-turkish-population
#10
Güray Can, Ahmet Tezel, Hakan Gürkan, Hilmi Tozkır, Gülbin Ünsal, Ali Rıza Soylu, Hasan Celalettin Ümit
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inflammatory bowel diseases are chronic, relapsing, inflammatory conditions. They have a genetic backround resulting in patient susceptibility. The aim of our study is to investigate the involvement of IL23R, JAK2, and STAT3 polymorphisms in inflammatory bowel diseases in a Turkish population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polymorphisms in IL23R (rs11209026), JAK2 (rs10758669), and STAT3 (rs3816769, rs2293152, rs744166, rs957970, rs8074524) were genotyped in 69 Crohn's disease patients, 157 ulcerative colitis patients, and 89 healthy controls...
November 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843200/mmp8-is-increased-in-lesions-and-blood-of-acne-inversa-patients-a-potential-link-to-skin-destruction-and-metabolic-alterations
#11
Athanasia Tsaousi, Ellen Witte, Katrin Witte, Hans-Joachim Röwert-Huber, Hans-Dieter Volk, Wolfram Sterry, Kerstin Wolk, Sylke Schneider-Burrus, Robert Sabat
Acne inversa (AI; also designated as hidradenitis suppurativa) is a chronic inflammatory disease with still unknown pathogenesis that affects the intertriginous skin of perianal, inguinal, and axillary sites. It leads to painful nodules, abscesses, and fistulas with malodorous secretion and is frequently associated with metabolic alterations. Here, we demonstrate that one of the most highly upregulated molecules in AI lesions is matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP8), an enzyme specialized in the degradation of extracellular matrix components and the HDL component apolipoprotein A-I...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833380/indications-and-surgical-options-for-small-bowel-large-bowel-and-perianal-crohn-s-disease
#12
REVIEW
James Wt Toh, Peter Stewart, Matthew Jfx Rickard, Rupert Leong, Nelson Wang, Christopher J Young
Despite advancements in medical therapy of Crohn's disease (CD), majority of patients with CD will eventually require surgical intervention, with at least a third of patients requiring multiple surgeries. It is important to understand the role and timing of surgery, with the goals of therapy to reduce the need for surgery without increasing the odds of emergency surgery and its associated morbidity, as well as to limit surgical recurrence and avoid intestinal failure. The profile of CD patients requiring surgical intervention has changed over the decades with improvements in medical therapy with immunomodulators and biological agents...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831916/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-clinical-utility-of-serological-biomarkers-in-chinese-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-2-year-clinical-experience
#13
Shulan Zhang, Jing Luo, Ji Li, Ziyan Wu, Chaojun Hu, Ping Li, Chuiwen Deng, Fengchun Zhang, Jiaming Qian, Yongzhe Li
BACKGROUND: Antibodies to saccharomyces cerevisiae (ASCA), antibodies to perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic (pANCA), pancreatic autoantibodies (PAB) and antibodies against intestinal goblet cells (GAB) are important in diagnosing Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). However, little is known about their diagnostic value in real clinical practice in China. This retrospective study aimed to present our 2-year clinical experience with those biomarkers in diagnosis of CD and UC...
November 10, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830517/total-fistulectomy-sphincteroplasty-and-closure-of-the-residual-cavity-for-trans-sphincteric-perianal-fistula-in-the-elderly-patient
#14
Domenico Mascagni, Daniele Pironi, Stefano Pontone, Maya Tonda, Chiara Eberspacher, Alessandra Panarese, Giandomenico Miscusi, Gianmarco Grimaldi, Antonio Catania, Alberto Santoro, Angelo Filippini, Salvatore Sorrenti
BACKGROUND: Perianal fistula is a complex and frequent disease. At present, no treatment nor technique has shown an absolute superiority in terms of efficacy and recurrence rate. The technique has to be chosen considering the balance between faecal continence preservation and disease eradication. Rarely concomitant perianal abscess and fistula are treated at the same time, and often time to complete recovery is long. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of treating the abscess and the fistula tract in one procedure with total fistulectomy, sphincteroplasty and an almost complete closure of the residual cavity, thus reducing the healing time in older patients...
November 9, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826329/recurrent-macrophage-activation-syndrome-since-toddler-age-in-an-adolescent-boy-with-hla-b27-positive-juvenile-ankylosing-spondylitis
#15
Joon Hyeong Park, Yu Mi Seo, Seung Beom Han, Ki Hwan Kim, Jung Woo Rhim, Nack Gyun Chung, Myung Shin Kim, Jin Han Kang, Dae Chul Jeong
Recurrent macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is very rare. We present the case of an adolescent boy with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B27-positive ankylosing spondylitis (AS), who experienced episodes of recurrent MAS since he was a toddler. A 16-year-old boy was admitted because of remittent fever with pancytopenia and splenomegaly after surgical intervention for an intractable perianal abscess. He had been diagnosed with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) 4 different times, which was well controlled with intravenous immunoglobulin and steroids since the age of 3...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824704/long-term-outcomes-of-sphincter-saving-procedures-for-diffuse-crohn-s-disease-of-the-large-bowel
#16
Yi Li, Luca Stocchi, Xing Mu, Deepa Cherla, Feza H Remzi
BACKGROUND: Total abdominal colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis for Crohn's colitis is acceptable in the presence of a suitable rectum. Intentional IPAA has been proposed for diffuse Crohn's proctocolitis without enteric or anoperineal disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of sphincter-saving procedures for large-bowel Crohn's disease. DESIGN: Patients with preoperative Crohn's disease diagnosis undergoing intentional IPAA and ileorectal anastomosis were included...
December 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824702/fistula-associated-anorectal-cancer-in-the-setting-of-crohn-s-disease
#17
Chaya Shwaartz, Jordan A Munger, Juan R Deliz, Joseph E Bornstein, Stephan R Gorfine, David B Chessin, Daniel A Popowich, Joel J Bauer
BACKGROUND: Cancer arising from perianal fistulas in patients with Crohn's disease is rare. There are only a small series of articles that describe sporadic cases of perianal cancer in Crohn's disease fistulas. Therefore, there are no clear guidelines on how to appropriately screen patients at risk and choose proper management. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe patients diagnosed with cancer in perianal fistulas in the setting of Crohn's disease...
December 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824647/genetic-risk-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-a-determinant-of-crohn-s-disease-development-in-chronic-granulomatous-disease
#18
Chengrui Huang, Suk S De Ravin, Adam R Paul, Theo Heller, Nancy Ho, Lisa Wu Datta, Christa S Zerbe, Beatriz E Marciano, Douglas B Kuhns, Howard A Kader, Steven M Holland, Harry L Malech, Steven R Brant
BACKGROUND: Approximately, one-third to one-half of children with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) develop gastrointestinal inflammation characteristic of idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), usually Crohn's disease. We hypothesized that the overall IBD genetic risk, determined by IBD genetic risk score (GRS), might in part determine IBD development in CGD. METHODS: We reviewed medical records to establish IBD diagnoses in CGD subjects seen at NIAID. IBD risk single nucleotide polymorphism genotypes were determined using the Immunochip, and GRS were estimated by Mangrove...
December 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801750/perianal-crohn-s-disease-in-a-large-multicenter-pediatric-collaborative
#19
Jeremy Adler, Shiming Dong, Sally J Eder, Kevin J Dombkowski
BACKGROUND: Although perianal complications of Crohn's disease (CD) are commonly encountered in clinical practice, the epidemiology of perianal CD among populations of children is poorly understood. We sought to characterize the prevalence of perianal disease in a large and diverse population of pediatric CD patients. METHODS: We conducted retrospective analyses from a prospective observational cohort, the ImproveCareNow Network (May 2006-October 2014), a multicenter pediatric inflammatory bowel disease quality improvement collaborative...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788531/giant-condyloma-buschke-loewenstein-tumor-in-a-16-year-old-patient-case-report
#20
Caetano Galvão Petrini, Patrícia Pereira Dos Santos Melli, Pedro Sérgio Magnani, Laura Penna Rocha, Francesca Maia Faria, Geraldo Duarte, Silvana Maria Quintana
The Buschke-Loewenstein tumor is characterized by excessive growth of verrucous lesions on the genitals and/or perianal region. It is considered benign despite the high rate of recurrence and the possibility of malignant transformation. It is commonly associated with subtypes 6 and 11 of the human papillomavirus (HPV), and host's immunity plays an important role in the development of the disease. Surgical excision is the recommended treatment in most cases. We present the case of a 16 years old female patient with extensive vulvar lesions successfully treated surgically...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
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