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Intravenous Nurse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730132/investigation-of-efficacy-of-lidocaine-spray-for-sedated-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-in-children
#1
Ahmet Basturk, Reha Artan, Aygen Yılmaz
PURPOSE: Our aim in this study is to investigate efficacy of topical lidocaine spray for sedated esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in children. METHODS: The endoscopy of children aged between 3-18 years who underwent EGD in our endoscopy unit. Intravenous (IV) midazolam and ketamine were used for sedation. Prior to sedation, endoscopy nurse applied topical lidocaine 10% with pump spray at 1 mg/kg dose in group 1, and distilled water via identically scaled pump spray in group 2, in a double blinded fashion...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704328/randomized-controlled-trial-of-dexamethasone-versus-dexamethasone-plus-hydrocortisone-as-prophylaxis-for-hypersensitivity-reactions-due-to-paclitaxel-treatment-for-gynecologic-cancer
#2
Dhammapoj Jeerakornpassawat, Prapaporn Suprasert
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess intravenous hydrocortisone (HCT) added to standard dexamethasone (DXM) prophylaxis for paclitaxel-associated hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs). METHODS: Paclitaxel naives scheduled for 6 cycles of paclitaxel (plus platinum) were randomized to DXM alone (20 mg intravenously [IV]) versus DXM plus HCT (100 mg IV) as premedication including chlorpheniramine (10 mg IV), diphenhydramine (25 mg orally), and ranitidine (50 mg IV) 30 minutes before infusion...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704084/the-impact-on-patients-of-a-nurse-led-clinical-service-in-gastroenterology
#3
Maria Tan, Shyam Menon, Doreen Black
Higher rates of chronic liver disease have resulted in a significant increase in the number of patients needing regular abdominal paracentesis for ascites. Waiting times for admission at the Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust had become longer and delays in intervention and treatment became inevitable. In 2014, the Trust developed a nurse-led abdominal paracentesis day-case service. A qualitative evaluation of the service was conducted using in-depth patient interviews and surveys to determine the impact of the service, including how the new nursing role affected the patient experience...
July 13, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699240/the-prevalence-of-peripheral-intravenous-cannulae-and-pattern-of-use-a-point-prevalence-in-a-private-hospital-setting
#4
Kelvin Wong, Alannah Cooper, Janie Brown, Leanne Boyd, Michele Levinson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence and pattern of use of peripheral intravenous cannula (PIVC) in hospital wards. BACKGROUND: PIVC are commonly used in acute health care to directly access the bloodstream for the administration of medications, intravenous fluids (IVF) and blood products. PIVC are associated with multiple adverse events including hospital acquired bloodstream infection, thrombophlebitis, and pain/discomfort. Administration of IVF is associated with impaired mobility and nocturia which may increase falls risk in the elderly...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692619/effects-of-a-systematic-quality-improvement-process-to-decrease-complications-in-trauma-patients-with-prehospital-peripheral-intravenous-access
#5
Angie Garrett, Stacy A Drake, John B Holcomb
Peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheterization is commonly performed, and its complications are costly, may result in serious health issues, and may adversely affect patient satisfaction. At our large urban Level I trauma center, we identified a cluster of 7 PIV complications from prehospital insertions in a 5-month period. Several of the patients developed noninfectious as well as infectious, limb-threatening complications requiring aggressive operative intervention. A performance improvement project was chartered to identify the cause of PIV complications and review current nursing practice...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690700/effects-of-staff-education-and-standardizing-dosing-and-collection-times-on-vancomycin-trough-appropriateness-in-ward-patients
#6
Drayton A Hammond, Lexis N Atkinson, Taylor B James, Jacob T Painter, Katherine Lusardi
BACKGROUND: Many institutions have guidelines for initiation and monitoring, but not timing, of vancomycin. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate vancomycin trough collection appropriateness before and after an initiative to change the dosing and trough collection times in ward patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of ward patients from May 2014-16 who received scheduled intravenous vancomycin was performed. Nurse managers and pharmacists provided staff education...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682999/primary-intravenous-set-consumption-across-3-branded-infusion-pumps
#7
Nancy Hedlund, Shishir Sarangpur, Shannon Kayler, Kathy OʼBrien, Idal Beer
This retrospective study of 6426 hip replacement, coronary artery bypass graft, and colectomy surgeries across 23 US hospitals found that intravenous (IV) set designs that can be interchanged for use both in gravity-fed and automated pump delivery systems are replaced less frequently than IV sets designed for use primarily by one delivery method. Semistructured interviews with nurses highlighted the impact of set design on nursing workflow when moving between gravity-fed and pump-based administration. Use of interchangeable, single-design IV sets across gravity and automated infusions minimizes disruptions to closed systems, may reduce nurses being distracted from patients' clinical needs when replacing sets, and may yield supply cost savings...
July 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679563/quality-improvement-initiative-to-increase-the-use-of-nasogastric-hydration-in-infants-with-bronchiolitis
#8
Mythili Srinivasan, Cassandra Pruitt, Erin Casey, Keerat Dhaliwal, Cori DeSanto, Richard Markus, Ayelet Rosen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intravenous (IV) hydration is used primarily in children with bronchiolitis at our institution. Because nasogastric (NG) hydration can provide better nutrition, the goal of our quality improvement (QI) initiative was to increase the rate of NG hydration in eligible children 1 to 23 months old with bronchiolitis by 20% over 6 months. METHODS: We used Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles to increase the use of NG hydration in eligible children. Interventions included educational and system-based changes and sharing parental feedback with providers...
July 5, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677464/letter
#9
Amy Jones
How about training nursing students to do intravenous medication, cannulation and bloods? It would be far more useful for our everyday roles as newly qualified nurses.
July 5, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667365/a-high-urgency-stroke-code-reduces-in-hospital-delays-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-single-centre-experience
#10
Paolo Candelaresi, P Lattuada, C Uggetti, R Daccò, G Fontana, F Frediani
Timely treatment is essential in acute ischemic stroke as the chances of recovery diminish over time, so efforts are necessary to streamline in-hospital pathways and reduce delays. Here, we analyse the interventions to reduce door-to-needle time in stroke patients suitable for intravenous thrombolysis at the Emergency Department of San Carlo Borromeo Hospital, Milan, Italy. All stroke patients consecutively treated with intravenous thrombolysis at our centre from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015 were included in this analysis...
June 30, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663644/comparison-of-intravenous-infusion-of-tramadol-alone-with-combination-of-tramadol-and-paracetamol-for-postoperative-pain-after-major-abdominal-surgery-in-children
#11
Shayesta Ali, Khalid Sofi, Abdul Qayoom Dar
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common complaint after surgery and seems to be difficult to manage in children because of fear of complications of pain treatment or misconception that infants and small children do not feel pain at all or feel less pain. A survey reported that 40% of pediatric surgical patients experienced moderate or severe postoperative pain and that more than 75% had insufficient analgesia. Our study was carried to provide continuous infusion of intravenous (i.v.) tramadol alone using a dedicated infusion device Graseby 2100 syringe pump and compared it to a combination of i...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657405/systemic-antibiotic-prophylaxis-prior-to-gastrointestinal-surgery-is-oral-administration-of-doxycycline-and-metronidazole-adequate
#12
Anneli Giske, Linn Såve Nymo, Ole-Martin Fuskevåg, Siri Amundsen, Gunnar Skov Simonsen, Kristoffer Lassen
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended prior to a wide range of gastrointestinal operations to reduce the rate of surgical site infections (SSIs). Traditional intravenous (IV) drugs are costly and their preparation strains nursing resources at the wards. While oral administration may attenuate these limitations, its use remains limited. We aimed to assess whether a dual oral antibiotic prophylaxis regimen provides adequate serum concentrations throughout the surgical procedure...
June 28, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651509/drivers-of-choice-of-resuscitation-fluid-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#13
Colman B Taylor, Naomi E Hammond, Tracey-Lea Laba, Nicola Watts, Kelly Thompson, Manoj Saxena, Sharon Micallef, Simon Finfer, John Myburgh
OBJECTIVE: To understand the fundamental drivers, and their relative importance, of doctors' and nurses' choice of resuscitation fluid in critically ill patients in Australia and New Zealand. DESIGN: A discrete choice experiment (DCE) administered via an online survey. Respondents were presented with one of four randomly selected DCE choice sets, each including five patient scenarios. The respondent chose between two types of hypothetical resuscitation fluid. The fluid type was characterised by several attributes and each attribute had pre-specified levels...
June 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609332/the-use-of-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-and-midazolam-for-sedated-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-children-a-report-from-the-pediatric-sedation-research-consortium
#14
Carmen Sulton, Pradip Kamat, Michael Mallory, Jason Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the use of intranasal dexmedetomidine (IN DEX) for sedated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations in children. The use of IN DEX for MRI in children has not been well described in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium (PSRC) is a collaborative and multidisciplinary group of sedation practitioners dedicated to understanding and improving the process of pediatric sedation...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605929/tissue-necrosis-following-extravasation-of-acyclovir-in-an-adolescent-a-case-report
#15
Charalambos Neocleous, Eleni Andonopoulou, Alkistis Adramerina, Antigoni Pegkou, Olga Savelieva, Petroula Georgiadou, Ioannis Drikos
OBJECTIVE: Extravasation of intravenously infused vesicant solutions is a common problem in medical practice, which can lead to severe and progressive tissue dysfunction, ranging from persistent tissue oedema and fibrosis to delayed tissue necrosis. Acyclovir is a known vesicant medication administrated in paediatric patients, which appears to irritate venous and soft tissue if extravasated. CASE REPORT: We present the first case involving the extravasation of intravenously infused acyclovir in a female adolescent patient, which caused tissue necrosis and left behind a residual scar lesion...
May 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577412/postmortem-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-fatal-gas-embolism-due-to-connection-of-an-intravenous-cannula-to-an-oxygen-supply
#16
Yoichiro Takahashi, Rie Sano, Akiyuki Yasuda, Eri Kuboya, Keiko Takahashi, Rieko Kubo, Yoshihiko Kominato, Hiroyuki Takei, Susumu Kobayashi, Takehiro Shimada, Sachiko Awata, Hiroyuki Tokue, Satoshi Hirasawa
An 84-year-old man who had suffered from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease accompanied by moderate pneumonia as well as gastric cancer with liver metastasis was found dead by a nurse, who noticed that the patient's intravenous catheter in the left forearm had been erroneously connected to an oxygen supply in his hospital room, leading to infusion of oxygen into a vein. Postmortem CT scanning demonstrated multiple accumulations of gas in the pulmonary artery, the right atrium and ventricle, as well as the left subclavian and brachiocephalic veins, corresponding to the route that the infused gas would have taken to the heart and pulmonary artery...
May 26, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562809/use-of-technologies-in-intravenous-therapy-contributions-to-a-safer-practice
#17
Ana Paula Amorim Moreira, Cristina Lavoyer Escudeiro, Bárbara Pompeu Christovam, Zenith Rosa Silvino, Márglory Fraga de Carvalho, Roberto Carlos Lyra da Silva
Objectives: To identify what are the difficulties of the nursing staff in the management of technologies during intravenous therapy (IVT) and discuss the difficulties identified under the perspective of patient's safety. Method: Descriptive study of qualitative approach with data collected by semi-structured interview and analyzed by the Alceste software. Results: The greatest difficulty of cognitive and technical emphasis was the lack of training; and regarding administrative emphasis, the greatest difficulty was the lack of material and human resources...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562794/cost-of-nursing-most-frequent-procedures-performed-on-severely-burned-patients
#18
Talita de Oliveira Melo, Antônio Fernandes Costa Lima
Objective: to identify the mean direct cost (MDC) of the most frequent procedures performed by nursing professionals on severely burned patients in an Intensive Care Unit. Method: exploratory-descriptive quantitative single-case study. The MDC was calculated by multiplying time (timed) spent by nursing professionals in the performance of the procedures by the unit cost of direct labor, and adding the costs of material and medicine/solutions. Results: a MDC of US$ 0...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557892/diagnostic-considerations-of-venous-thromboembolic-disease
#19
Sulaiman Alhassan, Jennifer Leap, Anand Popuri, Suman Yadam, Anil C Singh, Marvin Balaan
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). The clinical presentation of VTE is nonspecific and requires confirmatory testing. The most common diagnostic tool for DVT is duplex ultrasonography since it is a noninvasive test with high accuracy. Contrast venography is considered the gold standard modality to diagnose DVT, but it is an invasive test. Magnetic resonance venography and computed tomography venography are alternative diagnostic methods for DVT, which can be helpful in certain circumstances...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554241/interdisciplinary-implementation-of-tacrolimus-intravenous-standard-concentration-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipients
#20
Brandon R Shank, Melissa Deaver, Angela Baker, Alan L Myers, Yan-Ping Zhang, Brent Anderegg, Roland Bassett, Michael Westmoreland
Purpose Reduction in waste of intravenous (IV) tacrolimus, an immunosuppressant used to prevent graft-versus-host disease in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients, was evaluated after standardizing the concentration. Methods A single-center, retrospective cohort study at a large academic comprehensive cancer center was performed comparing patient-specific intravenous tacrolimus doses (tacrolimus doses in 50, 100, or 250 mL of normal saline based on manufacturer's recommended concentration) to tacrolimus intravenous standard concentration (tacrolimus 1 mg in 250 mL of normal saline) continuous intravenous infusion titrated to prescribed dose...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
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