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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738805/spatial-variability-of-excess-mortality-during-prolonged-dust-events-in-a-high-density-city-a-time-stratified-spatial-regression-approach
#1
Man Sing Wong, Hung Chak Ho, Lin Yang, Wenzhong Shi, Jinxin Yang, Ta-Chien Chan
BACKGROUND: Dust events have long been recognized to be associated with a higher mortality risk. However, no study has investigated how prolonged dust events affect the spatial variability of mortality across districts in a downwind city. METHODS: In this study, we applied a spatial regression approach to estimate the district-level mortality during two extreme dust events in Hong Kong. We compared spatial and non-spatial models to evaluate the ability of each regression to estimate mortality...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735594/facilitating-partnerships-with-community-and-faith-based-organizations-for-disaster-preparedness-and-response-results-of-a-national-survey-of-public-health-departments
#2
Rachel M Adams, Michael L Prelip, Deborah C Glik, Ian Donatello, David P Eisenman
OBJECTIVE: We identify characteristics of local health departments, which enhance collaborations with community- and faith-based organizations (CFBOs) for emergency preparedness and response. METHODS: Online survey data were collected from a sample of 273 disaster preparedness coordinators working at local health departments across the United States between August and December 2011. RESULTS: Using multiple linear regression models, we found that perceptions of CFBO trust were associated with more successful partnership planning (β=0...
July 24, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727532/evacuation-of-pets-during-disasters-a-public-health-intervention-to-increase-resilience
#3
Robin Chadwin
During a disaster, many pet owners want to evacuate their pets with them, only to find that evacuation and sheltering options are limited or nonexistent. This disregard for companion animal welfare during a disaster can have public health consequences. Pet owners may be stranded at home, unwilling to leave their pets behind. Others refuse evacuation orders or attempt to reenter evacuation sites illegally to rescue their animals. Psychopathologies such as grief, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder are associated with pet abandonment during an evacuation...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727521/ethical-guidance-for-disaster-response-specifically-around-crisis-standards-of-care-a-systematic-review
#4
Jonathon P Leider, Debra DeBruin, Nicole Reynolds, Angelica Koch, Judy Seaberg
BACKGROUND: Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the prevalence and content of ethical guidance offered for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care (CSCs)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718093/evolvement-rules-of-basin-flood-risk-under-low-carbon-mode-part-ii-risk-assessment-of-flood-disaster-under-different-land-use-patterns-in-the-haihe-basin
#5
Fawen Li, Liping Wang, Yong Zhao
Land use pattern contains a large amount of information about the flood hazard-formative environments, which is the most sensitive factor in hazard-formative environments. In this paper, based on the land use pattern in 2008 (the base year) and in 2020 (the planning year), the comparative analysis of flood disaster risk changes in Haihe basin were studied by the spatial analysis function of ARCGIS and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The results showed the flood disaster risk in Haihe basin had an obvious zonality in the space, among which low risk was located in the northwest regions, and high risk was located in the southeast regions...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712203/now-or-never-public-health-issues-requiring-urgent-attention
#6
Intisar Ulhaq
Pakistan is a developing country and most of its population is based in rural areas. Over the last two decades' significant changes have occurred in the health system in an attempt to improve the health care in general with a particular emphasis in the health of people living in rural areas. Despite these efforts, significant development and planning is required to improve the health of nation. Undoubtedly ministry of health has taken practical steps in tacking some serious health issues such as polio. However, the fact remains that there are a number of public health issues which if not addressed on an urgent basis, there is a great danger that the implications would be huge with unbearable consequences...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698518/challenges-and-opportunities-for-mainstreaming-climate-change-adaptation-into-wash-development-planning-in-ghana
#7
Salley Alhassan, Wade L Hadwen
Climate change threatens water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) facilities and services, as these are intimately linked to the water cycle and are vulnerable to changes in the quantity and quality of available water resources. Floods and droughts, which pollute and reduce water delivery respectively, have now become a perennial issue to deal with in the northern regions of Ghana. This study aimed to assess the degree to which climate change adaptation measures are mainstreamed into the water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) development planning process in Ghana...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697277/who-would-be-willing-to-accept-disaster-debris-in-their-backyard-investigating-the-determinants-of-public-attitudes-in-post-fukushima-japan
#8
Naomi Aoki
In the wake of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami, the Ministry of Environment in Japan asked municipalities nationwide to accept and treat disaster waste. This call for cross-jurisdictional waste treatment provoked considerable public controversy. To explore how the national and municipal governments can seek more public acceptance in the wake of future disasters, this study implemented a nationwide survey and addressed the question of what factors influence the public's willingness to support their municipalities' plans to host disaster waste...
July 11, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692729/availability-of-definitive-hospital-care-for-children
#9
Urbano L França, Michael L McManus
Importance: Timely and efficient access to hospital care is essential for the health and well-being of children. As insurance networks, accountable care organizations, and alternative payment methods evolve, these new systems of care must continue to serve the needs of children. Objective: To test the hypothesis that the availability of definitive pediatric hospital care is significantly more limited than adult care and is decreasing disproportionately. Design: This study used case mix data during fiscal years 2004 through 2014 to measure transfer frequency and identify the site of care completion for all patients seen in acute care hospitals throughout Massachusetts...
July 10, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673371/mass-fatality-incident-preparedness-among-faith-based-organizations
#10
Qi Zhi, Jacqueline A Merrill, Robyn R Gershon
Introduction Members of faith-based organizations (FBOs) are in a unique position to provide support and services to their local communities during disasters. Because of their close community ties and well-established trust, they can play an especially critical role in helping communities heal in the aftermath of a mass-fatality incident (MFI). Faith-based organizations are considered an important disaster resource and partner under the National Response Plan (NRP) and National Response Framework; however, their level of preparedness and response capabilities with respect to MFIs has never been evaluated...
July 4, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665445/medical-rehabilitation-in-disaster-relief-towards-a-new-perspective
#11
Bhasker Amatya, Mary Galea, Jianan Li, Fary Khan
With increasing frequency of natural disasters, there has been greater focus recently on the importance and role of rehabilitation services in disaster management. In past disasters, rehabilitative needs were often neglected, with emphasis on acute response plans focused on saving lives and treating acute injuries. There was a lack of, or inadequate, rehabilitation-inclusive disaster response plans and rehabilitation services in many disaster-prone developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) Emergency Medical Team (EMT) initiative recognizes rehabilitation as an integral part of medical response and patient-centred care in disaster settings...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659678/-never-events-in-surgery-mere-error-or-an-avoidable-disaster
#12
Jitendra Kumar, Rajni Raina
Never events in surgery is not an uncommon occurrence. It is difficult to find any surgeon who never had an experience of one or another kind of mistake, committed while delivering the surgical care to the patient. Whatever the reports come out through news media or other sources are just a tip of iceberg. Collectively, its results, not only as a huge suffering and financial burden for the patients but also its impact on the operating surgeon and sometimes to related institute, are very far reaching and extremely negative...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659220/evacuations-as-a-result-of-hurricane-sandy-analysis-of-the-2014-new-jersey-behavioral-risk-factor-survey
#13
Prathit A Kulkarni, Hui Gu, Stella Tsai, Marian Passannante, Soyeon Kim, Pauline A Thomas, Christina G Tan, Amy L Davidow
OBJECTIVE: We characterized evacuations related to Hurricane Sandy, which made landfall in New Jersey on October 29, 2012. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2014 New Jersey Behavioral Risk Factor Survey. The proportion of respondents reporting evacuation was used to estimate the number of New Jersey adults who evacuated. We determined evacuation rates in heavily impacted and less-impacted municipalities, as well as evacuation rates for municipalities under and not under mandatory evacuation orders...
June 29, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645042/the-changing-health-priorities-of-earthquake-response-and-implications-for-preparedness-a-scoping-review
#14
REVIEW
C Cartwright, M Hall, A C K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Earthquakes have substantial impacts on mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). The academic evidence base to support Disaster Risk Reduction activities in LMIC settings is, however, limited. We sought to address this gap by identifying the health and healthcare impacts of earthquakes in LMICs and to identify the implications of these findings for future earthquake preparedness. STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken with systematic searches of indexed databases to identify relevant literature...
June 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638258/evacuation-of-hospitals-during-disaster-establishment-of-a-field-hospital-and-communication
#15
REVIEW
Erdal Tekin, Atif Bayramoglu, Mustafa Uzkeser, Zeynep Cakir
The buildings, working personnel, and patients and their relatives may directly or indirectly be affected by the disasters. Here we will discuss evacuation, establishing a field hospital, communication, the role of the media in disasters, and defending against sabotage. The affected individuals should be evacuated and transferred to secure zones safely and rapidly. How the decision for evacuation should be made and how the evacuation triage should be performed are important issues. Field hospitals should be established within the bounds of possibility for continuation of the treatments of evacuated people...
June 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630705/physiological-effects-of-stress-related-to-helicopter-travel-in-federal-emergency-management-agency-search-and-rescue-canines
#16
E Perry, N Gulson, T-W Liu Cross, K S Swanson
Working canines are deployed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as part of a National Disaster Response Plan. Stress associated with helicopter flight and the resulting physical effects on the dog are unknown. Our objective was to test the hypotheses that (1) helicopter travel affects the physiology and faecal microbiota of working canines, but that (2) physiological consequences of helicopter travel will not negatively affect their work performance. A total of nine FEMA canines were loaded onto helicopters and flown for 30 min in July 2015...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626126/conduct-of-occupational-health-during-major-disasters-a-comparison-of-literature-on-occupational-health-issues-in-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attack-and-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#17
Hiroyuki Toyoda, Koji Mori
Workers who respond to large-scale disasters can be exposed to health hazards that do not exist in routine work. It is assumed that learning from past cases is effective for preparing for and responding to such problems, but published information is still insufficient. Accordingly, we conducted a literature review about the health issues and occupational health activities at the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack and at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident to investigate how occupational health activities during disasters should be conducted...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625229/mass-gathering-medical-care-in-electronic-dance-music-festivals
#18
Kathleen M FitzGibbon, Jose V Nable, Benjamin Ayd, Benjamin J Lawner, Angela C Comer, Richard Lichenstein, Matthew J Levy, Kevin G Seaman, Ian Bussey
Introduction Electronic dance music (EDM) festivals represent a unique subset of mass-gathering events with limited guidance through literature or legislation to guide mass-gathering medical care at these events. Hypothesis/Problem Electronic dance music festivals pose unique challenges with increased patient encounters and heightened patient acuity under-estimated by current validated casualty predication models. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of three separate EDM festivals with analysis of patient encounters and patient transport rates...
June 19, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612689/evaluation-of-flood-preparedness-in-government-healthcare-facilities-in-eastern-province-sri-lanka
#19
Jessica M Farley, Inoka Suraweera, W L S P Perera, Jeremy Hess, Kristie L Ebi
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is vulnerable to floods and other hydro-meteorological disasters. Climate change is projected to increase the intensity of these events. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the flood preparedness in healthcare facilities in Eastern Province. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, mixed methods study conducted in Trincomalee District. Surveys were conducted in 31 government healthcare facilities, using a pre-tested, structured questionnaire covering the last 5 years...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610649/enhancing-resiliency-for-elderly-populations-shelter-in-place-planning-and-training-at-facilities-serving-elderly-populations-through-the-rhode-island-senior-resiliency-project
#20
Richard Smith, Michael Mozzer, Joseph Albanese, James Paturas, Julia Gold
Elderly populations are disproportionately affected by disasters. In part, this is true because for many older adults, special assistance is needed to mitigate the consequences of disasters on their health and wellbeing. In addition, many older adults may reside in diverse living complexes such as long-term care facilities, assisted living facilities and independent-living senior housing complexes. Planning for each type of facility is different and the unique features of these facilities must be considered to develop readiness to deal with disasters...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
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