keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disaster planning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925342/a-study-of-selected-ethnic-affiliations-in-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-other-psychopathology-after-a-terrorist-bombing-in-nairobi-kenya
#1
Carol S North, Tatiana Dvorkina, Samuel Thielman, Betty Pfefferbaum, Pushpa Narayanan, David E Pollio
OBJECTIVES: Despite the frequency of disasters in Africa, almost nothing is known about ethnic affiliations in relation to psychopathology after such incidents. This study examined the mental health outcomes of members of 7 major ethnic groups exposed to the 1998 terrorist bombing of the US Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Approximately 8 to 10 months after the disaster, 229 civilian employees, 99 locally engaged staff workers of the US State Department and the US Agency for International Development, and 64 workers of the Kenyan Red Cross Society (total N=392) were assessed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition)...
September 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918766/measuring-and-comparing-hospital-accessibility-for-palm-beach-county-s-elderly-and-nonelderly-populations-during-a-hurricane
#2
Shivangi Prasad
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether, during a hurricane, geographic accessibility to hospitals with emergency care is compromised disproportionately for the elderly than for the nonelderly. METHODS: The locations of hospitals with emergency health care and a subset of those hospitals functional during a hurricane were compared with the distribution of the elderly population at the block group level in Palm Beach County, Florida. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) proximity analysis (minimum distance to closest hospital) and cumulative distribution functions were used to measure and compare hospital accessibility during normal and hurricane conditions for the elderly and nonelderly populations...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906480/disaster-governance-for-community-resilience-in-coastal-towns-chilean-case-studies
#3
Paula Villagra, Carolina Quintana
This study aimed to further our understanding of a characteristic of Community Resilience known as Disaster Governance. Three attributes of Disaster Governance-redundancy, diversity, and overlap-were studied in four coastal towns in southern Chile that are at risk of tsunamis. Overall, we explored how different spatial structures of human settlements influence Disaster Governance. Using the Projective Mapping Technique, the distribution of emergency institutions (N = 32) and uses given to specific sites (e...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906234/an-integrated-needs-based-approach-to-health-service-and-health-workforce-planning-applications-for-pandemic-influenza
#4
Gail Tomblin Murphy, Stephen Birch, Adrian Mackenzie, Janet Rigby, Joanne Langley
Healthcare systems must be responsive to the healthcare needs of the populations they serve. However, typically neither health services nor health workforce planning account for populations' needs for care, resulting in substantial and unnecessary unmet needs. These are further exacerbated during unexpected surges in need, such as pandemics or natural disasters. To illustrate the potential of improved methods to help planning for these types of events, we applied an integrated, needs-based approach to health service and workforce planning in the context of a potential influenza pandemic at the provincial level in Canada...
August 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903814/academic-continuity-planning-in-higher-education
#5
Cheryl Regehr, Sioban Nelson, Angela Hildyard
Crisis planning in institutions of higher learning has focused largely on emergency management, physical safety and technology recovery. While these are clearly important, many aspects of planning for continuity have largely been ignored, including planning for the post-secondary education sector's core business, that is, the delivery of graduate and undergraduate academic programmes. Use of the term 'academic continuity' as a component of institutional planning is relatively new in higher education. Discussions on academic continuity have often centred on the use of technology-enhanced education and online teaching in the event of crisis or disaster affecting campuses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899321/thunderstorm-asthma-outbreak-of-november-2016-a-natural-disaster-requiring-planning
#6
Steven J Lindstrom, Jeremy D Silver, Michael F Sutherland, Andrew Ba Treloar, Ed Newbigin, Christine F McDonald, Jo A Douglass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892446/funding-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states
#7
Rebecca Katz, Aurelia Attal-Juncqua, Julie E Fischer
The historical precedents that support state and local leadership in preparedness for and response to disasters are in many ways at odds with the technical demands of preparedness and response for incidents affecting public health. New and revised laws and regulations, executive orders, policies, strategies, and plans developed in response to biological threats since 2001 address the role of the federal government in the response to public health emergencies. However, financial mechanisms for disaster response-especially those that wait for gubernatorial request before federal assistance can be provided-do not align with the need to prevent the spread of infectious agents or efficiently reduce the impact on public health...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892443/promoting-community-preparedness-and-resilience-a-latino-immigrant-community-driven-project-following-hurricane-sandy
#8
Isabel Cuervo, Les Leopold, Sherry Baron
As community residents and recovery workers, Latino immigrants play important roles after disasters, yet are rarely included in preparedness planning. A community-university-labor union partnership created a demonstration project after Hurricane Sandy to strengthen connections to disaster preparedness systems to increase community resilience among Latino immigrant communities in New York and New Jersey. Building ongoing ties that connect workers and community-based organizations with local disaster preparedness systems provided mutual benefits to disaster planners and local immigrant communities, and also had an impact on national disaster-related initiatives...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892439/a-child-s-health-is-the-public-s-health-progress-and-gaps-in-addressing-pediatric-needs-in-public-health-emergencies
#9
Eric J Dziuban, Georgina Peacock, Michael Frogel
Children are the most prevalent vulnerable population in US society and have unique needs during the response to and recovery from public health emergencies. The physiological, behavioral, developmental, social, and mental health differences of children require specific attention in preparedness efforts. Despite often being more severely affected in disasters, children's needs are historically underrepresented in preparedness. Since 2001, much progress has been made in addressing this disparity through better pediatric incorporation in preparedness planning from national to local levels...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892435/community-assessment-for-public-health-emergency-response-casper-an-innovative-emergency-management-tool-in-the-united-states
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Amy Schnall, Nicole Nakata, Todd Talbert, Tesfaye Bayleyegn, DeAndrea Martinez, Amy Wolkin
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate how inclusion of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) as a tool in Public Health Preparedness Capabilities: National Standards for State and Local Planning can increase public health capacity for emergency response. METHODS: We reviewed all domestic CASPER activities (i.e., trainings and assessments) between fiscal years 2012 and 2016. Data from these CASPER activities were compared with respect to differences in geographic distribution, type, actions, efficacy, and usefulness of training...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891209/blood-component-transfusions-in-mass-casualty-events
#11
G Ramsey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Planning transfusion needs in mass casualty events (MCE) is critical for disaster preparedness. Published data on blood component usage were analysed to seek correlative factors and usage rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: English-language medical publications since 1980 were searched for MCEs with numbers of patient admissions and transfused RBCs. Reports were excluded from natural disasters or with total RBC use <50 units. Statistical analysis employed Mann-Whitney U-tests and Spearman's rank correlations...
September 10, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890523/nation-wide-implementation-of-disaster-medical-coordinators-in-japan
#12
Shinichi Egawa, Tomomi Suda, Tracey Elizabeth Claire Jones-Konneh, Aya Murakami, Hiroyuki Sasaki
In the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), successful medical and public health coordination by pre-assigned disaster medical coordinators saved many affected people, though the coordination itself had difficulties. This study aims to clarify the implementation and the challenges of disaster medical coordinators in Japan. We performed questionnaire surveillance in 2012 and 2014 to all prefectural government on assignment of disaster medical coordinators, their expected roles and supporting system. Out of all 47 prefectures, assignment or planning of disaster medical coordinators jumped up from four (8...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886609/-the-hospital-emergency-plan-important-tool-for-disaster-preparedness
#13
Thomas Wurmb, Katja Scholtes, Felix Kolibay, Peer Rechenbach, Ulrich Vogel, Barbara Kowalzik
Hospitals need to be prepared for any kind of disaster. The terrorist attacks and mass shootings that took place in Europe in recent years impressively demonstrated the capability of hospitals to manage such challenging and disastrous events. To be adequately prepared, the hospital emergency plan is a very important tool. In this article we describe the entire process of drafting the emergency plan. We discuss the theoretical background as well as different models of disaster planning and we give important practical hints and tips for those in charge of the hospital disaster planning...
September 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886502/nature-based-solutions-in-the-eu-innovating-with-nature-to-address-social-economic-and-environmental-challenges
#14
Nicolas Faivre, Marco Fritz, Tiago Freitas, Birgit de Boissezon, Sofie Vandewoestijne
Contemporary societies are facing a broad range of challenges, from pressures on human health and well-being to natural capital depletion, and the security of food, water and energy. These challenges are deeply intertwined with global processes, such as climate change and with local events such as natural disasters. The EU's research & innovation (R&I) policy is now seeking to address these challenges from a new perspective, with Nature-Based Solutions, and turn them into innovation opportunities that optimise the synergies between nature, society and the economy...
September 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885946/the-association-between-service-members-participation-in-humanitarian-aid-and-disaster-relief-and-mental-health-symptoms-and-treatments
#15
Yeong Kim, Nilam Patel, Glen Diehl, Patrick Richard
INTRODUCTION: There is a scarcity of research establishing a relationship between mental illness and the U.S. military service members who participate in the field of military humanitarian assistance/disaster relief (HA/DR). One of the few studies in this area showed that participation in military HA/DR was not associated with depressive symptoms, however, the study was limited by sample size. This study examined (1) the relationship between participation in military HA/DR and mental health symptoms and military stress and (2) the relationship between HA/DR and mental health treatment and therapy...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857647/ems-dispatches-during-hurricanes-irene-and-sandy-in-new-jersey
#16
Joshua Bucher, Jonathan McCoy, Colleen Donovan, Snehal Patel, Pamela Ohman-Strickland, Asa Dewan
BACKGROUND: Hurricanes Irene and Sandy heavily impacted New Jersey. Investigating EMS dispatch trends during these storms may allow us to prepare for future disasters. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives to characterize the types of EMS dispatches immediately before, during, and after landfall compared to a control period. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at a large EMS dispatch center that provides first responders, Basic Life Support (BLS), Advanced Life Support (ALS), and critical care transport services to an area with approximately 20 receiving hospitals including a Level I Trauma Center...
August 31, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857057/health-sector-responses-to-address-the-impacts-of-climate-change-in-nepal
#17
Meghnath Dhimal, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Raja Ram Pote-Shrestha, David A Groneberg, Ulrich Kuch
Nepal is highly vulnerable to global climate change, despite its negligible emission of global greenhouse gases. The vulnerable climate-sensitive sectors identified in Nepal's National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to Climate Change 2010 include agriculture, forestry, water, energy, public health, urbanization and infrastructure, and climate-induced disasters. In addition, analyses carried out as part of the NAPA process have indicated that the impacts of climate change in Nepal are not gender neutral...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834176/climate-change-related-water-disasters-impact-on-population-health
#18
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Clifton P Thornton, Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Annah K Bender, Stella Seal, Andrew Corley
PURPOSE: Rising global temperatures have resulted in an increased frequency and severity of cyclones, hurricanes, and flooding in many parts of the world. These climate change-related water disasters (CCRWDs) have a devastating impact on communities and the health of residents. Clinicians and policymakers require a substantive body of evidence on which to base planning, prevention, and disaster response to these events. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature concerning the impact of CCRWDs on public health in order to identify factors in these events that are amenable to preparedness and mitigation...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832438/evacuation-decision-making-and-expanded-roles-of-adult-daycare-services-in-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-qualitative-analysis-using-semistructured-interviews
#19
Hiroko Mori, Yasuhiro Sugawara, Shuichi P Obuchi, Masaya Shimmei, Ryutaro Takahashi
CONTEXT: The roles of adult daycare services during disaster evacuations in the relationships with community resilience are unknown. The initial 72 hours after a disaster are crucial because people in the disaster area depend on their own efforts or the resources available at the moment until the arrival of external support. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the evacuation-related decision making of the administrators of adult daycare services within 72 hours after the Great East Japan Earthquake and to describe the roles of adult daycare services during the month following the earthquake...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831947/an-inter-regional-us-blood-supply-simulation-model-to-evaluate-blood-availability-to-support-planning-for-emergency-preparedness-and-medical-countermeasures
#20
Arianna Simonetti, Hussein Ezzeldin, Mark Walderhaug, Steven A Anderson, Richard A Forshee
OBJECTIVES: Planning for a response to threats like pandemics or mass casualty events is a national priority. The US blood supply system can be particularly vulnerable to such events. It is important to understand the impacts of emergency situations on blood availability and the resiliency of the US blood supply system. METHODS: On the basis of the Stock-and-Flow simulation model of the US blood supply system, we developed an inter-regional blood transfer system representing the action of multiple blood collectors and distributors to enable effective planning of strategies to minimize collection and donation disruptions to the blood supply system in the event of a national emergency...
August 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
keyword
keyword
61167
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"