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Disaster planning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350366/health-results-of-a-coup-attempt-evaluation-of-all-patients-admitted-to-hospitals-in-istanbul-due-to-injuries-sustained-during-the-july-15-2016-coup-attempt
#1
İsmail Tayfur, Mustafa Ahmet Afacan, Mehmet Özgür Erdoğan, Şahin Çolak, Özgür Söğüt, Burcu Genç Yavuz, Korkut Bozan
BACKGROUND: A coup attempt against the government took place in Turkey on July 15, 2016. This attempt caused serious injuries and deaths in the country. In this study, the data of patients referred to all hospitals in Istanbul during the attempt were evaluated, and differences between natural disasters, other terrorist actions, and coup attempts were analyzed. METHODS: In total, 1104 patients were injured in the abovementioned coup attempt. In this study, the demographic and health information of 882 coup victims who were admitted to all hospitals (state and private) in Istanbul on July 15 and 16, 2016 and registered at the Crisis Center of Istanbul Provincial Health Directorate was analyzed...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341200/human-agency-in-disaster-planning-a-systems-approach
#2
John Hamer Powell, Michael Hammond, Albert Chen, Navonil Mustafee
Current approaches to risk management place insufficient emphasis on the system knowledge available to the assessor, particularly in respect of the dynamic behavior of the system under threat, the role of human agents (HAs), and the knowledge available to those agents. In this article, we address the second of these issues. We are concerned with a class of systems containing HAs playing a variety of roles as significant system elements-as decisionmakers, cognitive agents, or implementers-that is, human activity systems...
January 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325025/towards-an-understanding-of-resilience-responding-to-health-systems-shocks
#3
Johanna Hanefeld, Susannah Mayhew, Helena Legido-Quigley, Frederick Martineau, Marina Karanikolos, Karl Blanchet, Marco Liverani, Esther Yei Mokuwa, Gillian McKay, Dina Balabanova
The recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa has drawn attention to the role and responsiveness of health systems in the face of shock. It brought into sharp focus the idea that health systems need not only to be stronger but also more 'resilient'. In this article, we argue that responding to shocks is an important aspect of resilience, examining the health system behaviour in the face of four types of contemporary shocks: the financial crisis in Europe from 2008 onwards; climate change disasters; the EVD outbreak in West Africa 2013-16; and the recent refugee and migration crisis in Europe...
January 9, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317004/superstorm-sandy-s-impact-on-the-provision-of-wic-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-services-in-new-york-state
#4
Michelle Wemette, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie R Mack, Yunshu Li, Millicent Eidson, Loretta A Santilli, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie S Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: Services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) were interrupted in 2012 when Superstorm Sandy struck New York State (NYS). The present study evaluates the impact on WIC providers. DESIGN: A focus group, telephone interviews and anonymous online survey were conducted. Qualitative data were analysed by coding transcribed text into key words and identifying major and minor themes for strengths, challenges and recommendations using national public health preparedness capabilities...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316618/trajectories-of-emotional-symptoms-and-peer-relationship-problems-in-children-after-nuclear-disaster-evidence-from-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#5
Misari Oe, Masaharu Maeda, Tetsuya Ohira, Shuntaro Itagaki, Mayumi Harigane, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirooki Yabe, Seiji Yasumura, Kenji Kamiya, Hitoshi Ohto
The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, which occurred in March 2011, is having long-term effects on children. We planned this study to describe the trajectories of emotional symptoms and peer relationship problems in children and to examine potential risks and protective factors over the 35 months following the accident. The sample was 11,791 children in the first to sixth elementary grades. We identified four patterns for emotional symptoms and three patterns for peer relationship problems, using group-based trajectory modelling...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310451/lessons-learned-from-hurricane-maria-pharmacists-perspective
#6
Kyle Melin, Wanda T Maldonado, Angel López-Candales
The destruction in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria brought an increased demand for health care services while severely limiting the health care system's ability to provide patient care. Immediately following the hurricane, countless patients found themselves in a situation without their medications for both acute and chronic conditions. Many of these patients turned first to community pharmacies for access to their medications. In this letter, we describe the response of pharmacists to the needs of their communities following the natural disaster, Hurricane Maria, and summarize some lessons learned from the experience that may be useful in future disaster planning...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291572/application-of-fuzzy-weight-of-evidence-and-data-mining-techniques-in-construction-of-flood-susceptibility-map-of-poyang-county-china
#7
Haoyuan Hong, Paraskevas Tsangaratos, Ioanna Ilia, Junzhi Liu, A-Xing Zhu, Wei Chen
In China, floods are considered as the most frequent natural disaster responsible for severe economic losses and serious damages recorded in agriculture and urban infrastructure. Based on the international experience prevention of flood events may not be completely possible, however identifying susceptible and vulnerable areas through prediction models is considered as a more visible task with flood susceptibility mapping being an essential tool for flood mitigation strategies and disaster preparedness. In this context, the present study proposes a novel approach to construct a flood susceptibility map in the Poyang County, JiangXi Province, China by implementing fuzzy weight of evidence (fuzzy-WofE) and data mining methods...
December 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287974/enhancing-individual-and-community-disaster-preparedness-individuals-with-disabilities-and-others-with-access-and-functional-needs
#8
Judy Kruger, Cynthia F Hinton, Lisa Bundara Sinclair, Brenda Silverman
Preparedness planning is essential to minimizing the impact of disasters on communities and individuals. Attention to the needs of people with disabilities is vital as they have additional needs before, during and after a disaster that are specific to the disabling condition. In this Commentary, we emphasize national guidelines on disability inclusion in emergency preparedness. We examine some potential areas of planning and response that need attention as suggested by preparedness data for people with self-reported disabilities (also referred to as access and functional needs) and highlight selected resources (e...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280422/health-care-coalitions-as-response-organizations-houston-after-hurricane-harvey
#9
Lori Upton, Thomas D Kirsch, Melissa Harvey, Dan Hanfling
Health care coalitions play an increasingly important role in both preparedness for, response to, and recovery from large scale disaster events occurring across the United States. The actions taken by the South East Texas Regional Advisory Council (SETRAC) in response to the landfall of Hurricane Harvey, and the consequential flooding that ensued, serve as an excellent example of how health care coalitions are increasingly needed to play a unifying role in response. This paper highlights a number of the strategic planning, operational planning and response, information sharing, and resource coordination and management activities that were undertaken for the response to Hurricane Harvey...
December 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275086/a-game-theory-approach-for-assessing-risk-value-and-deploying-search-and-rescue-resources-after-devastating-tsunamis
#10
Cheng-Kuang Wu
The current early-warning system and tsunami protection measures tend to fall short because they always underestimate the level of destruction, and it is difficult to predict the level of damage by a devastating tsunami on uncertain targets. As we know, the key to minimizing the total number of fatalities after a disaster is the deployment of search and rescue efforts in the first few hours. However, the resources available to the affected districts for emergency response may be limited. This study proposes two game theoretic models that are designed for search-and-rescue resource allocation...
December 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261748/children-s-emotional-experience-two-years-after-an-earthquake-an-exploration-of-knowledge-of-earthquakes-and-associated-emotions
#11
Daniela Raccanello, Roberto Burro, Rob Hall
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether and how the exposure to a natural disaster such as the 2012 Emilia Romagna earthquake affected the development of children's emotional competence in terms of understanding, regulating, and expressing emotions, after two years, when compared with a control group not exposed to the earthquake. We also examined the role of class level and gender. METHOD: The sample included two groups of children (n = 127) attending primary school: The experimental group (n = 65) experienced the 2012 Emilia Romagna earthquake, while the control group (n = 62) did not...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258727/the-role-of-preliminary-hospitals-in-the-management-of-a-mass-burn-casualty-disaster
#12
Ling-Wei Kuo, Cheng-I Yen, Chih-Yuan Fu, Chun-Hao Pan, Chih-Po Hsu, Yen-Chang Hsiao, Chi-Hsun Hsieh, Yu-Pao Hsu
PURPOSE: The Formosa Fun Coast explosion is an internationally-known event that occurred in Taiwan on June 27th, 2015. The blast involved 495 casualties in total, with 253 patients receiving 2nd degree or deeper burns on greater than 40% of the total body surface area (TBSA). Questions were raised regarding whether these victims were sent to the appropriate hospitals or not. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of the initial admission destination in this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all of the victims from the explosion who were sent to the emergency department of Linkou and Keelung Chang Gung Memorial Hospitals...
December 16, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236580/measures-of-emergency-preparedness-contributing-to-nursing-home-resilience
#13
Sandi J Lane, Elizabeth McGrady
Resilience approaches have been successfully applied in crisis management, disaster response, and high reliability organizations and have the potential to enhance existing systems of nursing home disaster preparedness. This study's purpose was to determine how the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) "Emergency Preparedness Checklist Recommended Tool for Effective Health Care Facility Planning" contributes to organizational resilience by identifying the benchmark resilience items addressed by the CMS Emergency Preparedness Checklist and items not addressed by the CMS Emergency Preparedness Checklist, and to recommend tools and processes to improve resilience for nursing homes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236288/disaster-preparedness-biological-threats-and-treatment-options
#14
Navaneeth Narayanan, Clifton R Lacy, Joseph E Cruz, Meghan Nahass, Jonathan Karp, Joseph A Barone, Evelyn Hermes-DeSantis
Biological disasters can be natural, accidental, or intentional. Biological threats have made a lasting impact on civilization. This review will focus on agents of clinical significance, bioterrorism, and national security; specifically Category A agents (anthrax, botulism, plague, tularemia, and smallpox), as well as briefly discuss other naturally-emerging infections of public health significance including Ebola virus (also a Category A agent) and Zika virus. The role of the pharmacist in disaster preparedness and disaster response is multifaceted and important...
December 13, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222486/the-role-of-personality-and-subjective-exposure-experiences-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-symptoms-among-children-following-wenchuan-earthquake
#15
Xiacan Chen, Jiajun Xu, Bin Li, Na Li, Wanjun Guo, Mao-Sheng Ran, Jun Zhang, Yanchun Yang, Junmei Hu
This study aims to investigate the role of personality traits and subjective exposure experiences in posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms. In Qingchuan, 21,652 children aged 7 to 15 years were assessed using face-to-face interviews one year after the Wenchuan earthquake in China. The Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, a modified earthquake exposure scale, the UCLA Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (adolescent), and the Adolescent Depression Inventory were used to assess personality characteristics, trauma experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms, respectively...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220762/foundations-of-the-participatory-approach-in-the-mekong-river-basin-management
#16
Paulina Budryte, Sonja Heldt, Martin Denecke
Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) was acknowledged as a leading concept in the water management for the last two decades by academia, political decision-makers and experts. It strongly promotes holistic management and participatory approaches. The flexibility and adaptability of IWRM concept are especially important for large, transboundary river basins - e.g. the Mekong river basin - where natural processes and hazards, as well as, human-made "disasters" are demanding for a comprehensive approach...
December 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216236/aggregated-responses-of-human-mobility-to-severe-winter-storms-an-empirical-study
#17
Yan Wang, Qi Wang, John E Taylor
Increasing frequency of extreme winter storms has resulted in costly damages and a disruptive impact on the northeastern United States. It is important to understand human mobility patterns during such storms for disaster preparation and relief operations. We investigated the effects of severe winter storms on human mobility during a 2015 blizzard using 2.69 million Twitter geolocations. We found that displacements of different trip distances and radii of gyration of individuals' mobility were perturbed significantly...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216210/social-relationship-changes-in-victim-families-due-to-a-social-disaster-experiences-of-student-victims-families-in-the-south-korean-sewol-ferry-disaster
#18
Sun Mi Cho, Ansuk Jeong, Jung Hee Ha, Eun Young Kim
The Sewol ferry incident on April 16, 2014 in South Korea claimed the lives of 304 individuals, including about 250 high school students on a school trip. The majority of South Korean citizens were watching live updates on the capsized Sewol ferry, anxiously watching on TV how the vessel fully sunk over time. They were desperately hoping for the rescue of the survivors inside. However, their anxiety had become shock, anger, and helplessness, and the disaster has become a daunting, collective trauma, not just to the victims and their families, but also to the citizens who were exposed only through the media...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215129/the-aquifer-recharge-an-overview-of-the-legislative-and-planning-aspect
#19
O De Giglio, G Caggiano, F Apollonio, A Marzella, S Brigida, E Ranieri, L Lucentini, V F Uricchio, M T Montagna
In most regions of the world, safeguarding groundwater resources is a serious issue, particularly in coastal areas where groundwater is the main water source for drinking, irrigation and industry. Water availability depends on climate, topography and geology. The aim of this paper is to evaluate aquifer recharge as a possible strategy to relieve water resource scarcity. Natural aquifer recharge is defined as the downward flow of water reaching the water table, increasing the groundwater reservoir. Hydro-meteorological factors (rainfall, evapotranspiration and runoff) may alter natural recharge processes...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210101/problems-of-dual-vulnerability-in-nutrition-a-qualitative-study-of-older-persons-caring-for-under-5-year-olds-in-post-disaster-haiti
#20
Stephanie Raybould, Thomas Ward, Renée Burnett, Logan Manikam, Mackentoch Tibe, Barry Munslow
SITUATION: Malnutrition plays a significant role in under-five mortality rates following disasters. Older people play an important role in childcare in non-Western societies, which often increases in displacement contexts. Until now, policy, in general, and nutrition programmes, in particular, have focused on the mother-child dyad. AIM: To gather information on possible barriers to older carers accessing nutritional services for the children they care for and explore ways to overcome these obstacles...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
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