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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113073/an-ontology-based-reasoning-framework-for-querying-satellite-images-for-disaster-monitoring
#1
Marjan Alirezaie, Andrey Kiselev, Martin Längkvist, Franziska Klügl, Amy Loutfi
This paper presents a framework in which satellite images are classified and augmented with additional semantic information to enable queries about what can be found on the map at a particular location, but also about paths that can be taken. This is achieved by a reasoning framework based on qualitative spatial reasoning that is able to find answers to high level queries that may vary on the current situation. This framework called SemCityMap, provides the full pipeline from enriching the raw image data with rudimentary labels to the integration of a knowledge representation and reasoning methods to user interfaces for high level querying...
November 5, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099087/multipass-target-search-in-natural-environments
#2
Michael J Kuhlman, Michael W Otte, Donald Sofge, Satyandra K Gupta
Consider a disaster scenario where search and rescue workers must search difficult to access buildings during an earthquake or flood. Often, finding survivors a few hours sooner results in a dramatic increase in saved lives, suggesting the use of drones for expedient rescue operations. Entropy can be used to quantify the generation and resolution of uncertainty. When searching for targets, maximizing mutual information of future sensor observations will minimize expected target location uncertainty by minimizing the entropy of the future estimate...
November 2, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094662/the-duty-of-mind-ethical-capacity-in-a-time-of-crisis
#3
Caitlin Ryus, Jay Baruch
In a disaster, physicians are forced to make challenging and heartbreaking ethical decisions under conditions of physical and emotional exhaustion. Evidence shows that the conditions of stress that mark disasters can undermine the process of ethical decision-making. This results in biased allocation of scarce resources, fewer utilitarian and altruistic decisions, and a wider variation in decisions. Stress also predisposes clinicians to decision strategy errors, such as premature closure, that lead to poor outcomes...
November 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092741/disaster-preparation-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-questionnaire-based-cohort-study-from-a-large-united-states-transplant-center%C3%A2
#4
Shimi Sharief, Daniel Freitas, Deborah Adey, James Wiley
BACKGROUND: Few quantitative assessments have assessed disaster preparation in kidney transplant patients. This is a survey-based assessment of disaster preparedness of 200 patients at the University of California San Francisco, USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients answered questionnaires assessing their level of preparedness as well as barriers to preparation. Preparedness was scored based on response to 7 questions. Univariate analyses compared participant characteristics extracted from the medical chart against three tertiles of preparedness: low (scores 0 - 2), medium (scores 3 - 4), and high (scores 5 - 7)...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084370/people-s-risk-recognition-preceding-evacuation-and-its-role-in-demand-modeling-and-planning
#5
Junji Urata, Adam J Pel
Evacuation planning and management involves estimating the travel demand in the event that such action is required. This is usually done as a function of people's decision to evacuate, which we show is strongly linked to their risk awareness. We use an empirical data set, which shows tsunami evacuation behavior, to demonstrate that risk recognition is not synonymous with objective risk, but is instead determined by a combination of factors including risk education, information, and sociodemographics, and that it changes dynamically over time...
October 30, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066937/empirical-research-on-the-utility-of-a-preparation-manual-for-a-disaster-medical-response-drill
#6
Takao Arai, Shoichi Ohta, Masaki Onishi, Miyu Taniguchi, Junya Tsurukiri, Kenichiro Kumasaka, Katsuhiro Nagata, Kensuke Suzuki, Ken Harigae, Tetsuo Yukioka
PURPOSE: It is difficult for emergency physicians to plan and execute a disaster medical response drill while conducting their daily work activities. Readily available drill preparation manuals are therefore essential, alongside assessment methods to ensure quality. Here, we propose email text analysis as a manual assessment method, and investigate its validity. METHODS: The preparation status of two similar large-scale disaster medical response drills were compared...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046196/-disaster-response-plans-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#7
Yuan Shi
Newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are highly vulnerable in disasters due to their need for specialized and highly technical support. It is strongly encouraged to prepare for the most likely disaster scenarios for the NICU. During a disaster, neonatal care providers should maintain situational awareness for decision-making, including available equipment, medication, and staffing. Neonatal care providers also should consider the ethical issues and the psychosocial needs of the families and neonatal care staff...
October 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041992/understanding-patterns-of-socioeconomic-and-demographic-factors-along-with-health-services-provider-availability-for-zika-outbreak-in-south-florida
#8
Linda McQuade, Mya Rao, Roger Miller, Winnie Zhou, Rinku Deol, Brian Sato
In this study, we analyzed the patterns of socioeconomic and demographic factors along with health services provider availability for the current Zika outbreak in Miami-Dade County, South Florida. We used Center for Consumer Information & Insurance Oversight (CCIIO) Machine-Readable Public Use Files (MR-PUFs) to examine provider availability in combination with socioeconomic and demographic factors that could potentially lead to healthcare disparities between any underserved population of the Wynwood neighborhood and the broader population of Miami-Dade County...
October 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039035/temporal-dynamics-of-land-use-land-cover-change-and-its-prediction-using-ca-ann-model-for-southwestern-coastal-bangladesh
#9
M Tauhid Ur Rahman, Faheemah Tabassum, Md Rasheduzzaman, Humayra Saba, Lina Sarkar, Jannatul Ferdous, Syed Zia Uddin, A Z M Zahedul Islam
Change analysis of land use and land cover (LULC) is a technique to study the environmental degradation and to control the unplanned development. Analysis of the past changing trend of LULC along with modeling future LULC provides a combined opportunity to evaluate and guide the present and future land use policy. The southwest coastal region of Bangladesh, especially Assasuni Upazila of Satkhira District, is the most vulnerable to natural disasters and has faced notable changes in its LULC due to the combined effects of natural and anthropogenic causes...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036863/when-helpers-need-help-a-case-study-on-the-2012-earthquakes-in-italy
#10
Dina Guglielmi, Michela Vignoli, Lucia Camellini, Maria Cristina Florini, Massimo Brunetti, Marco Depolo
BACKGROUND: After two strong earthquakes in the Emilia region in Italy, many HCWs had to deal with the psychological consequences of the aftershocks. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this case study were a) to describe the psychosocial condition of the HCWs affected by the earthquake; b) to present an intervention immediately after the earthquake on HCWs in a post-disaster situation using a mixed-method approach. METHODS: A mixed-method study was conducted collecting qualitative data (during Group Counselling sessions) and quantitative data (through questionnaires)...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034125/the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-disaster-preparedness
#11
Mehdi Najafi, Ali Ardalan, Ali Akbarisari, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Helen Elmi
INTRODUCTION: Disaster preparedness is defined as actions that ensure resources necessary to carry out an effective response are available before a disaster. Disaster preparedness requires a thorough understanding of the factors that influence performance or nonperformance of disaster preparedness behaviors (DPB). The major aim of this research was to further our understanding of DPB based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of factors determining of DPB in a representative sample of 1233 Tehran inhabitants...
September 6, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029345/evacuating-people-and-their-pets-older-floridians-need-for-and-proximity-to-pet-friendly-shelters
#12
Rachel Douglas, Ayberk Kocatepe, Anne E Barrett, Eren Erman Ozguven, Clayton Gumber
Objectives: Pets influence evacuation decisions, but little is known about pet-friendly emergency shelters' availability or older adults' need for them. Our study addresses this issue, focusing on the most densely populated area of Florida (Miami-Dade)-the state with the oldest population and greatest hurricane susceptibility. Method: We use Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based methodology to identify the shortest paths to pet-friendly shelters, based on distance and congested and uncongested travel times-taking into account the older population's spatial distribution...
October 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992873/the-rapid-disaster-evaluation-system-rades-a-plan-to-improve-global-disaster-response-by-privatizing-the-assessment-component
#13
Kenneth V Iserson
BACKGROUND: Emergency medicine personnel frequently respond to major disasters. They expect to have an effective and efficient management system to elegantly allocate available resources. Despite claims to the contrary, experience demonstrates this rarely occurs. OBJECTIVES: This article describes privatizing disaster assessment using a single-purposed, accountable, and well-trained organization. The goal is to achieve elegant disaster assessment, rather than repeatedly exhorting existing groups to do it...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992035/does-the-type-of-residential-housing-matter-for-depressive-symptoms-in-the-aftermath-of-a-disaster-insights-from-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-tsunami
#14
Yuri Sasaki, Jun Aida, Taishi Tsuji, Yasuhiro Miyaguni, Yukako Tani, Shihoko Koyama, Yusuke Matsuyama, Yukihiro Sato, Toru Tsuboya, Yuiko Nagamine, Yoshihito Kameda, Tami Saito, Kazuhiro Kakimoto, Katsunori Kondo, Ichiro Kawachi
The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami resulted in widespread property destruction and over 250,000 displaced residents. We sought to examine whether the type of housing arrangement available to the affected victims was associated with a differential incidence of depressive symptoms. In this prospective cohort study comprising participants (65 years or older) from Iwanuma as a part of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, we had information about the residents' mental health both pre-dating the disaster in 2010 as well as 2...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988080/flood-susceptibility-mapping-using-novel-ensembles-of-adaptive-neuro-fuzzy-inference-system-and-metaheuristic-algorithms
#15
Seyed Vahid Razavi Termeh, Aiding Kornejady, Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Saskia Keesstra
Flood is one of the most destructive natural disasters which cause great financial and life losses per year. Therefore, producing susceptibility maps for flood management are necessary in order to reduce its harmful effects. The aim of the present study is to map flood hazard over the Jahrom Township in Fars Province using a combination of adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) with different metaheuristics algorithms such as ant colony optimization (ACO), genetic algorithm (GA), and particle swarm optimization (PSO) and comparing their accuracy...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979750/epidemiology-of-special-incidents-results-from-national-mortality-and-morbidity-registry-and-the-associated-factors-in-iran-in-2014
#16
Javad Bazeli, Aidin Aryankhesal, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
BACKGROUND: Special incidents are harmful events that can result in people's death or injury. Despite registering special incidents' data in Iran, no study has yet been conducted to identify the types, rates, mortality and morbidity of such incidents and their associated factors. The present study was conducted to assess the epidemiology of incidents and their associated factors during 2014 in Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all special incidents of 2014 were examined...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968075/transitioning-from-a-human-right-to-an-infrastructure-service-water-wastewater-and-displaced-persons-in-germany
#17
Jessica A Kaminsky, Kasey M Faust
Water and sanitation utilities across Europe have recently been challenged to provide services to asylum seekers and refugees fleeing complex humanitarian disasters. We explore public perceptions regarding how secondary disaster impacts (mass migration into an undamaged area) has impacted the utilities. We show that the hosting population is typically willing to provide water and sanitation services to displaced persons for a set period of time, even if the displaced persons are unable to pay (water and sanitation as human rights)...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965529/safety-needs-of-people-with-disabilities-during-earthquakes
#18
Aidin Aryankhesal, Shahrzad Pakjouei, Mohammad Kamali
OBJECTIVE: The needs of people with disabilities are not taken into account during disasters, and there is no or little preparation for them. Hence, such people are very anxious about their personal safety during disasters. The aim of this study was to explain the safety needs of people with disabilities during earthquakes. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with purposive sampling. A total of 12 people with movement disability, aged between 18 and 60 years, and with an experience of facing earthquakes, participated in semi-structured interviews...
October 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954180/an-interprofessional-approach-to-continuing-education-with-mass-casualty-simulation-planning-and-execution
#19
Deborah A Saber, Kelley Strout, Lisa Swanson Caruso, Charlene Ingwell-Spolan, Aiden Koplovsky
Many natural and man-made disasters require the assistance from teams of health care professionals. Knowing that continuing education about disaster simulation training is essential to nursing students, nurses, and emergency first responders (e.g., emergency medical technicians, firefighters, police officers), a university in the northeastern United States planned and implemented an interprofessional mass casualty incident (MCI) disaster simulation using the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) management framework...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953817/working-in-psychiatry-in-new-zealand-experiences-of-international-non-new-zealand-medical-graduates
#20
Ahmed Hankir, Mohammad Shuaib, Sohail Akthtar, Aala Ali, Rashid Zaman
On the 11(th) of February 2016, the Health Secretary in the United Kingdom (UK) Jeremy Hunt announced his plan to impose the Junior Doctor Contract despite thousands of healthcare professionals storming the streets of Westminster in defiant protest. A leading member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists Psychiatric Trainee Committee described the Junior Doctor Contract as 'poisonous', exclaiming that it would be a 'disaster for mental health' and that it would 'disincentivize doctors to work in an already desperately under-resourced specialty'...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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