keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nasal dexmedetomidine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733898/intravenous-dexmedetomidine-augments-the-oculocardiac-reflex
#1
Robert W Arnold, Russell Biggs, Brion Beerle
BACKGROUND: We reported that premedication with nasal dexmedetomidine was associated with a more intense oculocardiac reflex (OCR). In this study we performed an intrasubject, intravenous comparison to test our hypothesis that this alpha-adrenergic agonist potentiates the trigemino-vagal reflex. METHODS: OCR (greatest change heart rate/baseline heart rate) was prospectively monitored with 10-second, square-wave 200 g tension on the inferior rectus or other muscles during strabismus surgery...
May 4, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723155/a-pilot-study-exploring-the-impact-of-cardiac-medications-on-ciliary-beat-frequency-possible-implications-for-clinical-management
#2
Rohit S Loomba, Abhinav Bhushan, Adeleye J Afolayan
BACKGROUND: Cilia are involved in several physiologic processes, and at least a single primary cilium can be found on nearly every cell in the human body. Various factors, such as pH, temperature, exposure to medications and toxins can impact ciliary function as is manifested by changes in the ciliary beat frequency. Those with ciliary dyskinesia may also have congenital cardiac malformations and may require care in a cardiac intensive care unit. This study investigates the effect on the ciliary beat frequency of medications frequently used in a cardiac intensive care unit...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661413/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-study-of-intranasal-and-intravenous-dexmedetomidine
#3
A Li, V M Yuen, S Goulay-Dufaÿ, Y Sheng, J F Standing, P C L Kwok, M K M Leung, A S Leung, I C K Wong, M G Irwin
BACKGROUND: Intranasal dexmedetomidine produces safe, effective sedation in children and adults. It may be administered by drops from a syringe or by nasal mucosal atomisation (MAD NasalTM ). METHODS: This prospective, three-period, crossover, double-blind study compared the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) profile of i.v. administration with these two different modes of administration. In each session each subject received 1 μg kg-1 dexmedetomidine, either i...
May 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544721/dexmedetomidine-high-flow-nasal-oxygen-and-sugammadex-reversal-of-rocuronium-overcoming-anaesthetic-challenges-in-a-parturient-with-congenital-muscular-dystrophy-presenting-for-caesarean-section
#4
M Creaney, R M Moriarty, M Milner, C Murphy
Congenital muscular dystrophies are characterised by progressive skeletal muscle weakness from birth or early infancy. Maternal respiratory compromise, joint contractures and presence of spinal instrumentation or fusion are some of the anaesthetic challenges that may be encountered in the obstetric setting. The choice of anaesthetic technique for surgical delivery needs to be considered on an individual basis. Multidisciplinary involvement is paramount to optimise peripartum care and outcomes. In this case report, we present the use of dexmedetomidine, humidified high-flow nasal oxygen, rocuronium and sugammadex in the anaesthetic management of a wheelchair-bound, non-invasive bilevel positive airway pressure ventilation-dependent parturient with congenital muscular dystrophy, who was presenting for caesarean section...
May 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416458/randomized-comparison-between-dexmedetomidine-and-midazolam-for-prevention-of-emergence-agitation-after-nasal-surgeries
#5
Pranjali Kurhekar, Krishnagopal Vinod, Buddhan Rajarathinam, J Shesha Dhiviya Krishna, M S Raghuraman
Background: Emergence agitation (EA) in nasal surgeries is seen in around 22% of patients, which can go to dangerous levels. Dexmedetomidine is effective in prevention of EA in such patients. Midazolam given as premedication fails to prevent EA due to its short half-life. In this study, we compared efficacy of dexmedetomidine and midazolam by intravenous infusion for prevention of EA in adult nasal surgeries. Materials and Methods: Seventy patients belonging to American society of anesthesiologist Status I and II, between 18 and 60 years of age posted for elective nasal surgeries were randomly divided into two groups...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382993/-c-omparative-evaluation-of-the-intranasal-spray-formulation-of-midazolam-and-dexmedetomidine-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-split-mouth-prospective-study
#6
Shashank Hiwarkar, Rajesh Kshirsagar, Vikram Singh, Amod Patankar, Sanjay Chandan, Mukund Rathod, Ajay Mohite
Purpose: The purpose of this prospective randomized single blinded split mouth study was to conduct a comparative evaluation of the efficacy of intranasal atomised spray formulation of Dexmedetomidine with Midazolam in patients undergoing surgical removal of bilaterally impacted mandibular third molars. Methods: This prospective study was conducted in twenty volunteers. Each volunteer underwent the surgical removal of an impacted mandibular third molar at two separate appointments at an interval of two weeks...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364490/intranasal-drug-administration-for-procedural-sedation-in-children-admitted-to-pediatric-emergency-room
#7
C Fantacci, G C Fabrizio, P Ferrara, F Franceschi, A Chiaretti
OBJECTIVE: Pain relief is a very important aspect in Pediatrician's clinical practice. It is often thought that young children, particularly infants, do not perceive as much pain as adults because of their immature nervous system and that untreated pain would not have adverse long-term consequences. Instead, it has been demonstrated that infants and children experience pain in a similar manner to adults. Many factors, particularly emotional factors, can increase the child's pain perception...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284879/a-comparison-of-dexmedetomidine-and-clonidine-in-attenuating-the-hemodynamic-responses-at-various-surgical-stages-in-patients-undergoing-elective-transnasal-transsphenoidal-resection-of-pituitary-tumors
#8
Summaira Jan, Zulfiqar Ali, Yasir Nisar, Imtiaz Ahmad Naqash, Syed Amer Zahoor, Shabir Ahmad Langoo, Khan Azhar
Background: Transsphenoidal approach to pituitary tumors is a commonly performed procedure with the advantage of a rapid midline access to the sella with minimal complications. It may be associated with wide fluctuations in hemodynamic parameters due to intense noxious stimulus at various stages of the surgery. As duration of the surgery is short and the patients have nasal packs, it is prudent to use an anesthestic technique with an early predictable recovery. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 patients of either sex between 18 and 65 years of age, belonging to the American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II who were undergoing elective transnasal transsphenoidal pituitary surgery were chosen for this study...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949804/can-dexmedetomidine-influence-recovery-profiles-from-general-anesthesia-in-nasal-surgery
#9
Ho Seok Lee, Ho Young Yoon, Ho Jun Jin, Se Hwan Hwang
Objectives Dexmedetomidine has sympatholytic, sedative, anesthetic, and analgesic effects, as well as vasoconstrictive effects, which may help prevent hypotension under general anesthesia. This meta-analysis aimed to perform a systematic review of the literature and investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine on perioperative morbidity following nasal surgery and its adverse effects. Data Sources MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and the Cochrane database. Review Methods Two authors independently searched the databases from their inception to March 2017...
January 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944481/efficacy-of-dexmedetomidine-on-perioperative-morbidity-during-nasal-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Se Hwan Hwang, Ho Seok Lee, Young Hoon Joo, Jae Hyun Seo, Jun Myung Kang
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this meta-analysis was to perform a systematic review of the literature on the effect of dexmedetomidine on perioperative morbidity following nasal surgery and on the adverse effects of dexmedetomidine. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. REVIEW METHODS: Two authors independently searched scientific and medical databases from their inception of article collection to March 2017...
March 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765755/airway-support-using-a-pediatric-intubation-tube-in-adult-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-simple-and-unique-method-to-prevent-heart-movement-during-catheter-ablation-under-continuous-deep-sedation
#11
Masateru Takigawa, Atsushi Takahashi, Taishi Kuwahara, Kenji Okubo, Emiko Nakashima, Yuji Watari, Kazuya Yamao, Jun Nakajima, Yasuaki Tanaka, Katsumasa Takagi, Shigeki Kimura, Hiroyuki Hikita, Kenzo Hirao, Mitsuaki Isobe
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to elucidate the safety and effectiveness of a noble and unique airway management technique in which a pediatric intubation tube is used in adult patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing catheter ablation (CA) under continuous deep sedation. METHODS: In total, 246 consecutive patients with AF (mean age, 65±10 years; 60 women) underwent CA under dexmedetomidine-based continuous deep sedation. A 4-mm pediatric intubation tube guided by a 10-French intratracheal suction tube was inserted smoothly, and the tip of the tube was located at the base of the epiglottis...
August 2017: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639236/the-effects-of-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-premedication-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Jong Hun Jun, Kyu Nam Kim, Ji Yoon Kim, Shin Me Song
PURPOSE: Intranasal dexmedetomidine premedication is a newly introduced method for reducing stress and anxiety before general anesthesia in children. We performed a meta-analysis to identify the effects of intranasal dexmedetomidine premedication in children. SOURCE: We conducted a systematic review to find published randomized-controlled trials using intranasal dexmedetomidine as premedication. We searched databases in EMBASE™, MEDLINE®, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register using the Ovid platform...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598946/dexmedetomidine-for-sedation-during-noninvasive-ventilation-in-pediatric-patients
#13
Rasika Venkatraman, James L Hungerford, Mark W Hall, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Joseph D Tobias
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of dexmedetomidine for sedation in a large cohort of nonintubated children with acute respiratory insufficiency receiving noninvasive ventilatory support. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study. SETTING: A large quaternary-care PICU. PATIENTS: The study cohort included 202 children receiving noninvasive ventilatory and a dexmedetomidine infusion within 48 hours of PICU admission over a 6-month period...
September 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441053/evaluation-of-oxygen-administration-with-a-high-flow-nasal-cannula-to-clinically-normal-dogs
#14
Jennifer L Daly, Christine L Guenther, Jamie M Haggerty, Iain Keir
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of oxygen administration by use of a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in sedated clinically normal dogs. ANIMALS 6 healthy adult dogs undergoing routine dental prophylaxis. PROCEDURES Dogs were sedated with butorphanol tartrate and dexmedetomidine. An esophageal balloon catheter was inserted into the esophagus, a double-pronged nasal cannula was inserted into the nares, and a catheter was inserted into the dorsal pedal artery. Dogs were positioned in right lateral recumbency...
May 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259526/review-of-intranasally-administered-medications-for-use-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Abby M Bailey, Regan A Baum, Karolyn Horn, Tameka Lewis, Kate Morizio, Amy Schultz, Kyle Weant, Stephanie N Justice
BACKGROUND: Intranasal (IN) medication delivery is a viable alternative to other routes of administration, including intravenous (IV) and intramuscular (IM) administration. The IN route bypasses the risk of needle-stick injuries and alleviates the emotional trauma that may arise from the insertion of an IV catheter. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to evaluate published literature on medications administered via the IN route that are applicable to practice in emergency medicine...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105858/hplc-ms-ms-method-for-dexmedetomidine-quantification-with-design-of-experiments-approach-application-to-pediatric-pharmacokinetic-study
#16
Oliwia Szerkus, Wiktoria Struck-Lewicka, Marta Kordalewska, Ewa Bartosińska, Renata Bujak, Agnieszka Borsuk, Agnieszka Bienert, Alicja Bartkowska-Śniatkowska, Justyna Warzybok, Paweł Wiczling, Antoni Nasal, Roman Kaliszan, Michał Jan Markuszewski, Danuta Siluk
AIM: The purpose of this work was to develop and validate a rapid and robust LC-MS/MS method for the determination of dexmedetomidine (DEX) in plasma, suitable for analysis of a large number of samples. METHOD: Systematic approach, Design of Experiments, was applied to optimize ESI source parameters and to evaluate method robustness, therefore, a rapid, stable and cost-effective assay was developed. The method was validated according to US FDA guidelines. LLOQ was determined at 5 pg/ml...
February 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470115/surgical-conditions-during-fess-comparison-of-dexmedetomidine-and-remifentanil
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Safinaz Karabayirli, Kadriye Serife Ugur, Ruveyda Irem Demircioglu, Bunyamin Muslu, Burhanettin Usta, Huseyin Sert, Nebil Ark
To compare dexmedetomidine with remifentanil in functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in regards to intra-operative bleeding, anesthetic consumption and post-operative recovery. Randomized, double blind study. Tertiary care medical center. Fifty patients with nasal polyposis who had been scheduled for FESS were randomly divided into two groups. In group D (n = 25), dexmedetomidine 1 µg/kg infused intravenous (IV) over 10 min before anesthesia induction, followed by a continuous of 0.7 µg/kg/h infusion during operation...
January 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375381/controlled-hypotension-in-day-care-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-comparison-between-esmolol-and-dexmedetomidine-a-prospective-double-blind-and-randomized-study
#18
A Das, S Chhaule, S Bhattacharya, S R Basunia, T Mitra, P S Halder, S Chattopadhyay, S K Mandal
BACKGROUND: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is the cornerstone of therapeutic management for nasal pathologies. This study is to compare the ability of preoperative and intraoperative esmolol versus dexmedetomidine for producing induced hypotension during FESS in adults in a day care setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients (20-45 years) posted for FESS under general anesthesia were randomly divided into Group E (n = 30) receiving esmolol, loading dose 1 mg/kg over 1 min followed by 0...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27224039/ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-under-monitored-anesthesia-care-in-a-patient-with-severe-pulmonary-hypertension
#19
Mark A Burbridge, Jessica Brodt, Richard A Jaffe
A 32-year-old man with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension and Eisenmenger syndrome secondary to congenital ventricular septal defects presented for ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion. Consultation between surgical and anesthesia teams acknowledged the extreme risk of performing this case, but given ongoing symptoms related to increased intracranial pressure from a large third ventricle colloid cyst, the case was deemed urgent. After a full discussion with the patient, including an explanation of anesthetic expectations and perioperative risks, the case was performed under monitored anesthesia care...
July 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26955315/induced-hypotension-in-ambulatory-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-comparison-between-dexmedetomidine-and-clonidine-as-premedication-a-prospective-double-blind-and-randomized-study
#20
A Das, A Mukherje, S Chhaule, S Chattopadhyay, P S Halder, T Mitra, S R Basunia, S K Mandal
BACKGROUND: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is the mainstay of a therapeutic technique for nasal pathologies. This study is to compare the ability of preoperative dexmedetomidine versus clonidine for producing controlled hypotensive anesthesia during FESS in adults in an ambulatory care setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients (25-50 years) posted for ambulatory FESS procedures under general anesthesia were randomly divided into Group C and D (n = 33 each) receiving dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg and clonidine 1...
January 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
keyword
keyword
61164
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"