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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738929/musicians-injuries-upper-quarter-motor-control-deficits-in-musicians-with-prolonged-symptoms-a-case-control-study
#1
Flavio M Silva, Jean-Michel Brismée, Phillip S Sizer, Troy L Hooper, Gary E Robinson, Alex B Diamond
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. BACKGROUND: A large number of student and professional musicians are affected by long term playing related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMSDs) during their career, with prevalence rates above 80%. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if there were differences between musicians with and without prolonged symptoms of upper quarter PRMSDs in the presence of: (1) scapular dyskinesis; (2) cervical motor control and endurance deficits...
April 27, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696994/the-impact-of-musical-training-on-hand-biomechanics-in-string-musicians
#2
Stacey L Gorniak, Evan D Collins, Kimberly Goldie Staines, Forrest A Brooks, Ricardo V Young
BACKGROUND: The effects of musical training on the body in professional musicians remain an understudied area, particularly in reference to understanding and managing orthopedic/neuromuscular deviations and injuries in this population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate hand/finger fine motor function in musicians via physical examination as well as laboratory-based evaluations. METHODS: Thirteen healthy noninjured young elite string musicians participated in this study...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404856/analysis-and-fem-simulation-methodology-of-dynamic-behavior-of-human-rotator-cuff-in-repetitive-routines-musician-case-study
#3
Manuel Islan, Fernando Blaya, Pilar San Pedro, Roberto D'Amato, Emilio Lechosa Urquijo, Juan Antonio Juanes
The majority of musculoskeletal injuries located in the shoulder are often due to repetitive or sustained movements that occur in work routines in different areas. In the case of musicians, such as violinists, who have long and daily training routines, the repetitive movements they perform are forced and sometimes the postures are not natural. Therefore, this article aims to study and simulate the dynamic behavior of the glenohumeral joint under repetitive conditions that represent the different postures assumed by a violinist during his daily training...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336812/enhancing-surgical-performance-by-adopting-expert-musicians-practice-and-performance-strategies
#4
Mei Rui, Jeffrey E Lee, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: Surgery is a performing art-each surgical procedure is a live performance that has immediate and irreversible consequences for both the performer and the audience. Surgeons operate with surgical instruments, whereas musicians perform with musical instruments. Both perform in high-stress, high-risk work environments, where small errors in motor performance or judgment can have immediate negative consequences. While there is abundant literature on musical performance and their impact on outcome, little similar research has been published in the field of surgery...
April 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988266/effect-of-arm-position-on-width-of-the-subacromial-space-of-upper-string-musicians
#5
Elliot V Smithson, Elizabeth Reed Smith, Gary McIlvain, Mark K Timmons
OBJECTIVE: Musicians often end their musical career due to musculoskeletal injury. A leading source of shoulder pain in upper string musicians is rotator cuff disease (RCD). Multiple factors contribute to its development. Compressive overload of the soft tissues of the subacromial space resulting from a decrease in the width of the subacromial space has been identified as an extrinsic factor contributing to RCD development. The purpose of this study was to characterize the width of the subacromial space by measuring acromial-humeral distance (AHD) of upper string musicians, while their arms are in standard playing positions...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844645/direct-electrical-stimulation-in-the-human-brain-disrupts-melody-processing
#6
Frank E Garcea, Benjamin L Chernoff, Bram Diamond, Wesley Lewis, Maxwell H Sims, Samuel B Tomlinson, Alexander Teghipco, Raouf Belkhir, Sarah B Gannon, Steve Erickson, Susan O Smith, Jonathan Stone, Lynn Liu, Trenton Tollefson, John Langfitt, Elizabeth Marvin, Webster H Pilcher, Bradford Z Mahon
Prior research using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) [1-4] and behavioral studies of patients with acquired or congenital amusia [5-8] suggest that the right posterior superior temporal gyrus (STG) in the human brain is specialized for aspects of music processing (for review, see [9-12]). Intracranial electrical brain stimulation in awake neurosurgery patients is a powerful means to determine the computations supported by specific brain regions and networks [13-21] because it provides reversible causal evidence with high spatial resolution (for review, see [22, 23])...
September 11, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802327/three-dimensional-motion-capture-applied-to-violin-playing-a-study-on-feasibility-and-characterization-of-the-motor-strategy
#7
Andrea Ancillao, Bernardo Savastano, Manuela Galli, Giorgio Albertini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Playing string instruments requires advanced motor skills and a long training that is often spent in uncomfortable postures that may lead to injuries or musculoskeletal disorders. Thus, it is interesting to objectively characterize the motor strategy adopted by the players. In this work, we implemented a method for the quantitative analysis of the motor performance of a violin player. METHODS: The proposed protocol takes advantage of an optoelectronic system and some infra-red reflecting markers in order to track player's motion...
October 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692606/occupational-health-and-the-performing-arts-an-introduction
#8
David Hinkamp, Jennie Morton, Donna H Krasnow, Mary Virginia Wilmerding, William J Dawson, Michael G Stewart, Herbert Steven Sims, Jan Potter Reed, Katherine Duvall, Michael McCann
OBJECTIVE: Workplace hazards in the performing arts cause injuries, disabilities, and deaths every year. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute to efforts to reduce them. This article reviews current health issues in the performing arts and highlights opportunities for occupational health contributions. METHODS: Recognized experts in performing arts medicine were consulted and articles illustrating performing arts health issues were reviewed...
September 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599014/effect-of-the-alexander-technique-on-muscle-activation-movement-kinematics-and-performance-quality-in-collegiate-violinists-and-violists-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#9
Rachelle C Wolf, Harvey P Thurmer, William P Berg, Henry E Cook, L James Smart
Musicians are trained to attend to aural and visual senses, to the detriment of kinesthetic awareness, which often results in unnecessary muscle tension and narrowed attentional focus. The Alexander technique (AT) addresses these concerns by approaching action using a process of whole-body consciousness. Incorporation of AT concepts into skill practice may reduce static tension in playing and result in both prevention of injury and improved quality of performance, but objective evidence of these effects is lacking...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599013/thumb-rest-position-and-its-role-in-neuromuscular-control-of-the-clarinet-task
#10
Kathryn E Young, Sara A Winges
Musicians spend long hours of practice and performance to master their instrument. Clarinet players support their roughly 2-lb instrument on the right-hand thumb, which results in cumulative static loading of the arm. This posture in turn can cause discomfort and, in some cases, evolve into debilitating overuse injuries and pain throughout the right upper limb. Altering the thumb-rest position has been proposed as a way to alleviate this discomfort, although no quantitative research has been conducted on this issue...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219086/first-report-of-awake-craniotomy-of-a-famous-musician-suprasellar-tumor-surgery-of-pianist-clara-haskil-in-1942
#11
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Clara Haskil (January 7, 1895-December 7, 1960) was one of the most famous female pianists of the 20th century. In her life and work she set new standards in piano playing. However, her career was beset by poor health and the adversities of two world wars. In her lifetime Haskil had three major disorders: juvenile scoliosis requiring treatment in her adolescence, a tumor of the sellar region requiring surgery at age 47 years, and a traumatic brain injury causing her death at the age of 65. Her medical history illustrates the development of surgical methods and rehabilitation in medicine before and after World War II...
May 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942698/knowledge-of-playing-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-classical-piano-students-at-tertiary-institutions-in-malaysia
#12
Chia-Ying Ling, Fung-Chiat Loo, Titi Rahmawati Hamedon
Performance injuries among musicians have been widely discussed for decades. However, despite the growing number of classical pianists, this is still a new issue in Malaysia. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the level of knowledge of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) among tertiary music students in Malaysia. A survey was conducted among classical piano students at tertiary institutions of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor. Out of 192 respondents, 76% knew that piano playing can cause PRMDs...
December 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855424/arts-brain-and-cognition
#13
REVIEW
Vida Demarin, Marina Roje Bedeković, Marijana Bosnar Puretić, Marija Bošnjak Pašić
Art is a product of human creativity; it is a superior skill that can be learned by study, practice and observation. Modern neuroscience and neuroimaging enable study of the processes during artistic performance. Creative people have less marked hemispheric dominance. It was found that the right hemisphere is specialized for metaphoric thinking, playfulness, solution finding and synthesizing, it is the center of visualization, imagination and conceptualization, but the left hemisphere is still needed for artistic work to achieve balance...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575294/postural-stability-assessment-of-university-marching-musicians-using-force-platform-measures
#14
Trevor D Magnotti, Danielle McElhiney, Jeffrey A Russell
Lower extremity injury is prevalent in marching musicians, and poor postural stability is a possible risk factor for this. The external load of an instrument may predispose these performers to injury by decreasing postural stability. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between instrument load and static and dynamic postural stability in this population. Fourteen university marching musicians were recruited and completed a balance assessment protocol on a force platform with and without their instrument...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575291/playing-related-health-problems-among-instrumental-music-students-at-a-university-in-malaysia
#15
Karen Lonsdale, Ong Kuan Boon
UNLABELLED: Musicians from a wide range of backgrounds experience playing-related health problems including musculoskeletal disorders, hearing loss, and performance anxiety. Few studies have focused specifically on the health concerns of musicians in Malaysia. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate playing-related health problems among student musicians at a university in Malaysia as well as their knowledge and awareness of playing-related health problems. METHODS: Instrumental music students enrolled in undergraduate and post-graduate university music courses (n=98) participated in a self-report online survey which addressed aspects such as educational background, playing experience, knowledge and awareness of musicians' health issues, history of physical problems, lifestyle factors, and prevention and management strategies...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281383/in-the-june-issue
#16
EDITORIAL
Bronwen J Ackermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281382/embouchure-dysfunction-in-air-force-band-brass-musicians
#17
Patrick R Storms, Candice P Elkins, Eric M Strohecker
UNLABELLED: Occupational injuries and medical problems in musicians are well described, but relatively less attention has been paid to orofacial and embouchure-related problems in professional brass players. This study addressed embouchure-related problems in Air Force Band members, a population of musicians with an intense practice and performance schedule. METHODS: A survey was developed and distributed via the Air Force Survey Office to 599 active-duty Air Force Band members and 201 Air National Guard members...
June 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138935/systematic-review-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-musicians
#18
V A E Baadjou, N A Roussel, J A M C F Verbunt, R J E M Smeets, R A de Bie
BACKGROUND: Although many musicians suffer from musculoskeletal disorders, aetiological factors are unclear. AIMS: To systematically search for and synthesize the best available evidence on risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders in musicians. METHODS: A database search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Pedro, OTseeker and Psychinfo. A manual search was conducted in the journals Medical Problems of Performing Artists and Psychology of Music...
May 2, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952165/successful-treatment-of-a-guitarist-with-a-finger-joint-injury-using-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-a-case-report
#19
M Terry Loghmani, Amy J Bayliss, Greg Clayton, Evelina Gundeck
Finger injuries are common and can greatly affect a musician's quality of life. A 55-year-old man, who had injured the proximal interphalangeal joint of the left index finger 6 months prior to any intervention, was treated with a manual therapy approach incorporating instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM). Initial examination findings included self-reported pain and functional limitations and physical impairments that significantly impeded his ability to play the acoustic guitar. He was treated once a week for 6 weeks with IASTM, joint mobilization, therapeutic exercise, and ice massage...
December 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26614973/job-related-stressors-of-classical-instrumental-musicians-a-systematic-qualitative-review
#20
REVIEW
A Vervainioti, E C Alexopoulos
Epidemiological studies among performing artists have found elevated stress levels and health effects, but scarcely the full range of stressors has been reported. We review here the existing literature on job-related stressors of classical instrumental musicians (orchestra musicians). PubMed, Google Scholar and JSTOR databases were screened for relevant papers indexed up to August 2012. A total of 122 papers was initially identified which, after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, yielded 67 articles for final analysis...
December 2015: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
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