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musician's injuries

Trevor D Magnotti, Danielle McElhiney, Jeffrey A Russell
Lower extremity injury is prevalent in marching musicians, and poor postural stability is a possible risk factor for this. The external load of an instrument may predispose these performers to injury by decreasing postural stability. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between instrument load and static and dynamic postural stability in this population. Fourteen university marching musicians were recruited and completed a balance assessment protocol on a force platform with and without their instrument...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Karen Lonsdale, Ong Kuan Boon
UNLABELLED: Musicians from a wide range of backgrounds experience playing-related health problems including musculoskeletal disorders, hearing loss, and performance anxiety. Few studies have focused specifically on the health concerns of musicians in Malaysia. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate playing-related health problems among student musicians at a university in Malaysia as well as their knowledge and awareness of playing-related health problems. METHODS: Instrumental music students enrolled in undergraduate and post-graduate university music courses (n=98) participated in a self-report online survey which addressed aspects such as educational background, playing experience, knowledge and awareness of musicians' health issues, history of physical problems, lifestyle factors, and prevention and management strategies...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Bronwen J Ackermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Patrick R Storms, Candice P Elkins, Eric M Strohecker
UNLABELLED: Occupational injuries and medical problems in musicians are well described, but relatively less attention has been paid to orofacial and embouchure-related problems in professional brass players. This study addressed embouchure-related problems in Air Force Band members, a population of musicians with an intense practice and performance schedule. METHODS: A survey was developed and distributed via the Air Force Survey Office to 599 active-duty Air Force Band members and 201 Air National Guard members...
June 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
V A E Baadjou, N A Roussel, J A M C F Verbunt, R J E M Smeets, R A de Bie
BACKGROUND: Although many musicians suffer from musculoskeletal disorders, aetiological factors are unclear. AIMS: To systematically search for and synthesize the best available evidence on risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders in musicians. METHODS: A database search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Pedro, OTseeker and Psychinfo. A manual search was conducted in the journals Medical Problems of Performing Artists and Psychology of Music...
May 2, 2016: Occupational Medicine
M Terry Loghmani, Amy J Bayliss, Greg Clayton, Evelina Gundeck
Finger injuries are common and can greatly affect a musician's quality of life. A 55-year-old man, who had injured the proximal interphalangeal joint of the left index finger 6 months prior to any intervention, was treated with a manual therapy approach incorporating instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM). Initial examination findings included self-reported pain and functional limitations and physical impairments that significantly impeded his ability to play the acoustic guitar. He was treated once a week for 6 weeks with IASTM, joint mobilization, therapeutic exercise, and ice massage...
December 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
A Vervainioti, E C Alexopoulos
Epidemiological studies among performing artists have found elevated stress levels and health effects, but scarcely the full range of stressors has been reported. We review here the existing literature on job-related stressors of classical instrumental musicians (orchestra musicians). PubMed, Google Scholar and JSTOR databases were screened for relevant papers indexed up to August 2012. A total of 122 papers was initially identified which, after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, yielded 67 articles for final analysis...
December 2015: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Cindy Smith, Sharon Beamer, Shane Hall, Thomas Helfer, Timothy A Kluchinsky
Noise exposure is a known occupational health hazard to those serving in the military. Previous military epidemiology studies have identified military occupations at risk of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL); however, musicians have not been specifically mentioned. The focus of military NIHL studies is usually on those service members of the combat arms occupations. This project was a preliminary examination of Department of Defense (DoD) active duty military musicians in regard to their noise exposure, annual hearing test rates, and hearing injury rates using available data sources...
July 2015: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
Eckart Altenmüller, Christos I Ioannou, Andre Lee
Performing music at a professional level is probably one of the most complex human accomplishments. Extremely fast and complex, temporo-spatially predefined movement patterns have to be learned, memorized, and retrieved with high reliability in order to meet the expectations of listeners. Performing music requires not only the integration of multimodal sensory and motor information, and its precise monitoring via auditory and kinesthetic feedback, but also emotional communicative skills, which provide a "speaking" rendition of a musical masterpiece...
2015: Progress in Brain Research
R L Stocker, A Macheiner
We report a severe hand injury with a fracture of the third metacarpal bone, destruction of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the fourth finger, amputation of the little finger of the right hand and several tendon injuries, in an active musician. The fourth metacarpal bone was offset close to the base, the hand narrowed, and the ring finger transferred to the base of the little finger. The outcome was very favourable.
June 2015: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
Dale Ll Rickert, Margaret S Barrett, Bronwen J Ackermann
Workplace rehabilitation in the orchestral setting poses a number of challenges that arise in part due to a poor fit between generic injury insurance and medical care and the elite performance requirements of professional musicians. Currently, the orchestral profession lacks information and strategies to best deal with the unique challenges of this complex rehabilitation environment. In order to inform future directions for research and suggest possible changes of practice, the researchers conducted a qualitative case-study aimed at understanding the injury and rehabilitation experiences of professional musicians...
September 2014: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Cliffton Chan, Bronwen Ackermann
Playing a musical instrument at an elite level is a highly complex motor skill. The regular daily training loads resulting from practice, rehearsals and performances place great demands on the neuromusculoskeletal systems of the body. As a consequence, performance-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) are globally recognized as common phenomena amongst professional orchestral musicians. These disorders create a significant financial burden to individuals and orchestras as well as lead to serious consequences to the musicians' performance and ultimately their career...
2014: Frontiers in Psychology
Dale Ll Rickert, Margaret S Barrett, Bronwen J Ackermann
The organisational culture, behavioural norms, and attitudes of a workplace have a profound influence on levels of injury and illness amongst its workers. While this is well established in Work Health and Safety literature, very little research has attempted to understand the influence of organisational culture on injury risk in the orchestral profession. To address this, the current study aimed to investigate the influence of organisational culture on injury outcomes for orchestral musicians. Using a qualitative case study methodology, in-depth semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 10 professional orchestral cellists (2 freelance and 8 fulltime members) from a single Australian orchestra...
June 2014: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Luisn Heredia, David Hinkamp, Marc Brodsky, Carlos Llapur
BACKGROUND: The Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club® is a world-renowned group of Cuban musicians accomplished in a variety of musical styles. The musicians of the Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club and supporting musicians of their orchestras represent a cohort of musicians throughout Cuba who continue to play traditional genres and perform into their older ages. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to (1) identify musculoskeletal conditions that occurred over the previous 12 months among the members of the Orquesta and supporting musicians and (2) to discover if these conditions, in part, were caused by or in some way affected musical performance...
June 2014: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Isabel Artigues-Cano, Howard A Bird
BACKGROUND: Ergonomically, the flute is especially complex among wind instruments, and flautists may therefore be at particular risk of performance-related musculoskeletal disorders. Yet little is known about injury prevalence among flute players, and even less in those flautists who are also hypermobile. Recent research has found hand and wrist pain to be common complaints among flautists. Understanding of the predictors of injury and pain is therefore crucial as the presence of pain decreases performance quality and causes unnecessary time loss...
June 2014: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
N Byl, D Hamati, M Melnick, F Wilson, A McKenzie
Some individuals with repetitive strain injury (RSI) develop focal dystonia of the hand (FDh), a disorder of motor control manifested in a specific context during skilled, hand movements. This descriptive study was designed to determine if musicians with FDh had reduced tactile discrimination. Ten healthy adults and ten patients with FDh participated in the study. From the standardized Sensory Integration and Praxis Test, five subtests were selected to measure tactile discrimination. The Paired Wilcoxon Test was used to analyze, meaningful, planned pairwise differences by side and by group...
January 1, 1996: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Amee D Baird, David G Walker, Vivien Biggs, Gail A Robinson
INTRODUCTION: Music perception involves processing of melodic, temporal and emotional dimensions that have been found to dissociate in healthy individuals and after brain injury. Two components of the temporal dimension have been distinguished, namely rhythm and metre. We describe an 18 year old male musician 'JM' who showed apperceptive music agnosia with selectively preserved metre perception, and impaired recognition of sad and peaceful music relative to age and music experience matched controls after resection of a right temporoparietal tumour...
April 2014: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Richard N Norris
The treatment of musicians' injuries has two distinct, overlapping, phases. Reducing pain or symptoms represents only the first stage. Too often, this is the end of the medical care. If the player has had to stop playing or significantly reduce playing time during the healing phase, a graduated, methodical plan for returning to full musical activity is essential to avoid emotionally and physically distressing relapses. In the field of occupational medicine this concept is called 'work hardening'. The worker performs his or her specific tasks, but starts out at a greatly reduced level in terms of time and intensity...
January 1, 1996: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
William J Dawson
Hand and upper extremity injuries to the professional or serious amateur musician may cause significant disability and time away from one's instrument. This article reviewed 222 instrumentalists; 201 were followed to an end result of their injuries. 80% played strings or keyboard instruments. Sports or a direct fall were the most common causes of injury. The spectrum of diagnoses made was typical of hand trauma in general; fractures, sprains, muscle strains and lacerations were the most numerous. Final results after treatment in 201 patients included complete relief of symptoms in 137 (68...
January 1, 1996: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
K L Hagglund, K Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was two-fold: To obtain descriptive information regarding general physical and mental habits of music students and to ascertain if there are any associations between specific daily activities or habits and the appearances of these injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaires were distributed to three hundred music students at Boston University. Of the 45 respondents, 19 students were willing to participate in an interview. Descriptive statistics were analyzed and comparisons were made to a similar study which was conducted at New England Conservatory in Boston, Massachusetts (Hagglund, K...
1996: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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