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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692606/occupational-health-and-the-performing-arts-an-introduction
#1
David Hinkamp, Jennie Morton, Donna H Krasnow, Mary Virginia Wilmerding, William J Dawson, Michael G Stewart, Herbert Steven Sims, Jan Potter Reed, Katherine Duvall, Michael McCann
OBJECTIVE: Workplace hazards in the performing arts cause injuries, disabilities, and deaths every year. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute to efforts to reduce them. This article reviews current health issues in the performing arts and highlights opportunities for occupational health contributions. METHODS: Recognized experts in performing arts medicine were consulted and articles illustrating performing arts health issues were reviewed...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599014/effect-of-the-alexander-technique-on-muscle-activation-movement-kinematics-and-performance-quality-in-collegiate-violinists-and-violists-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#2
Rachelle C Wolf, Harvey P Thurmer, William P Berg, Henry E Cook, L James Smart
Musicians are trained to attend to aural and visual senses, to the detriment of kinesthetic awareness, which often results in unnecessary muscle tension and narrowed attentional focus. The Alexander technique (AT) addresses these concerns by approaching action using a process of whole-body consciousness. Incorporation of AT concepts into skill practice may reduce static tension in playing and result in both prevention of injury and improved quality of performance, but objective evidence of these effects is lacking...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599013/thumb-rest-position-and-its-role-in-neuromuscular-control-of-the-clarinet-task
#3
Kathryn E Young, Sara A Winges
Musicians spend long hours of practice and performance to master their instrument. Clarinet players support their roughly 2-lb instrument on the right-hand thumb, which results in cumulative static loading of the arm. This posture in turn can cause discomfort and, in some cases, evolve into debilitating overuse injuries and pain throughout the right upper limb. Altering the thumb-rest position has been proposed as a way to alleviate this discomfort, although no quantitative research has been conducted on this issue...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219086/first-report-of-awake-craniotomy-of-a-famous-musician-suprasellar-tumor-surgery-of-pianist-clara-haskil-in-1942
#4
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Clara Haskil (January 7, 1895-December 7, 1960) was one of the most famous female pianists of the 20th century. In her life and work she set new standards in piano playing. However, her career was beset by poor health and the adversities of two world wars. In her lifetime Haskil had three major disorders: juvenile scoliosis requiring treatment in her adolescence, a tumor of the sellar region requiring surgery at age 47 years, and a traumatic brain injury causing her death at the age of 65. Her medical history illustrates the development of surgical methods and rehabilitation in medicine before and after World War II...
May 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942698/knowledge-of-playing-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-classical-piano-students-at-tertiary-institutions-in-malaysia
#5
Chia-Ying Ling, Fung-Chiat Loo, Titi Rahmawati Hamedon
Performance injuries among musicians have been widely discussed for decades. However, despite the growing number of classical pianists, this is still a new issue in Malaysia. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the level of knowledge of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) among tertiary music students in Malaysia. A survey was conducted among classical piano students at tertiary institutions of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor. Out of 192 respondents, 76% knew that piano playing can cause PRMDs...
December 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855424/arts-brain-and-cognition
#6
REVIEW
Vida Demarin, Marina Roje Bedeković, Marijana Bosnar Puretić, Marija Bošnjak Pašić
Art is a product of human creativity; it is a superior skill that can be learned by study, practice and observation. Modern neuroscience and neuroimaging enable study of the processes during artistic performance. Creative people have less marked hemispheric dominance. It was found that the right hemisphere is specialized for metaphoric thinking, playfulness, solution finding and synthesizing, it is the center of visualization, imagination and conceptualization, but the left hemisphere is still needed for artistic work to achieve balance...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575294/postural-stability-assessment-of-university-marching-musicians-using-force-platform-measures
#7
Trevor D Magnotti, Danielle McElhiney, Jeffrey A Russell
Lower extremity injury is prevalent in marching musicians, and poor postural stability is a possible risk factor for this. The external load of an instrument may predispose these performers to injury by decreasing postural stability. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between instrument load and static and dynamic postural stability in this population. Fourteen university marching musicians were recruited and completed a balance assessment protocol on a force platform with and without their instrument...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575291/playing-related-health-problems-among-instrumental-music-students-at-a-university-in-malaysia
#8
Karen Lonsdale, Ong Kuan Boon
UNLABELLED: Musicians from a wide range of backgrounds experience playing-related health problems including musculoskeletal disorders, hearing loss, and performance anxiety. Few studies have focused specifically on the health concerns of musicians in Malaysia. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate playing-related health problems among student musicians at a university in Malaysia as well as their knowledge and awareness of playing-related health problems. METHODS: Instrumental music students enrolled in undergraduate and post-graduate university music courses (n=98) participated in a self-report online survey which addressed aspects such as educational background, playing experience, knowledge and awareness of musicians' health issues, history of physical problems, lifestyle factors, and prevention and management strategies...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281383/in-the-june-issue
#9
EDITORIAL
Bronwen J Ackermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281382/embouchure-dysfunction-in-air-force-band-brass-musicians
#10
Patrick R Storms, Candice P Elkins, Eric M Strohecker
UNLABELLED: Occupational injuries and medical problems in musicians are well described, but relatively less attention has been paid to orofacial and embouchure-related problems in professional brass players. This study addressed embouchure-related problems in Air Force Band members, a population of musicians with an intense practice and performance schedule. METHODS: A survey was developed and distributed via the Air Force Survey Office to 599 active-duty Air Force Band members and 201 Air National Guard members...
June 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138935/systematic-review-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-musicians
#11
V A E Baadjou, N A Roussel, J A M C F Verbunt, R J E M Smeets, R A de Bie
BACKGROUND: Although many musicians suffer from musculoskeletal disorders, aetiological factors are unclear. AIMS: To systematically search for and synthesize the best available evidence on risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders in musicians. METHODS: A database search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Pedro, OTseeker and Psychinfo. A manual search was conducted in the journals Medical Problems of Performing Artists and Psychology of Music...
May 2, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952165/successful-treatment-of-a-guitarist-with-a-finger-joint-injury-using-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-a-case-report
#12
M Terry Loghmani, Amy J Bayliss, Greg Clayton, Evelina Gundeck
Finger injuries are common and can greatly affect a musician's quality of life. A 55-year-old man, who had injured the proximal interphalangeal joint of the left index finger 6 months prior to any intervention, was treated with a manual therapy approach incorporating instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM). Initial examination findings included self-reported pain and functional limitations and physical impairments that significantly impeded his ability to play the acoustic guitar. He was treated once a week for 6 weeks with IASTM, joint mobilization, therapeutic exercise, and ice massage...
December 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26614973/job-related-stressors-of-classical-instrumental-musicians-a-systematic-qualitative-review
#13
REVIEW
A Vervainioti, E C Alexopoulos
Epidemiological studies among performing artists have found elevated stress levels and health effects, but scarcely the full range of stressors has been reported. We review here the existing literature on job-related stressors of classical instrumental musicians (orchestra musicians). PubMed, Google Scholar and JSTOR databases were screened for relevant papers indexed up to August 2012. A total of 122 papers was initially identified which, after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, yielded 67 articles for final analysis...
December 2015: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26276949/a-preliminary-analysis-of-noise-exposure-and-medical-outcomes-for-department-of-defense-military-musicians
#14
Cindy Smith, Sharon Beamer, Shane Hall, Thomas Helfer, Timothy A Kluchinsky
Noise exposure is a known occupational health hazard to those serving in the military. Previous military epidemiology studies have identified military occupations at risk of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL); however, musicians have not been specifically mentioned. The focus of military NIHL studies is usually on those service members of the combat arms occupations. This project was a preliminary examination of Department of Defense (DoD) active duty military musicians in regard to their noise exposure, annual hearing test rates, and hearing injury rates using available data sources...
July 2015: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25725911/apollo-s-curse-neurological-causes-of-motor-impairments-in-musicians
#15
REVIEW
Eckart Altenmüller, Christos I Ioannou, Andre Lee
Performing music at a professional level is probably one of the most complex human accomplishments. Extremely fast and complex, temporo-spatially predefined movement patterns have to be learned, memorized, and retrieved with high reliability in order to meet the expectations of listeners. Performing music requires not only the integration of multimodal sensory and motor information, and its precise monitoring via auditory and kinesthetic feedback, but also emotional communicative skills, which provide a "speaking" rendition of a musical masterpiece...
2015: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25622290/-transposition-of-the-ring-finger-after-severe-hand-injury
#16
R L Stocker, A Macheiner
We report a severe hand injury with a fracture of the third metacarpal bone, destruction of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the fourth finger, amputation of the little finger of the right hand and several tendon injuries, in an active musician. The fourth metacarpal bone was offset close to the base, the hand narrowed, and the ring finger transferred to the base of the little finger. The outcome was very favourable.
June 2015: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25194109/injury-and-the-orchestral-environment-part-iii-the-role-of-psychosocial-factors-in-the-experience-of-musicians-undertaking-rehabilitation
#17
Dale Ll Rickert, Margaret S Barrett, Bronwen J Ackermann
Workplace rehabilitation in the orchestral setting poses a number of challenges that arise in part due to a poor fit between generic injury insurance and medical care and the elite performance requirements of professional musicians. Currently, the orchestral profession lacks information and strategies to best deal with the unique challenges of this complex rehabilitation environment. In order to inform future directions for research and suggest possible changes of practice, the researchers conducted a qualitative case-study aimed at understanding the injury and rehabilitation experiences of professional musicians...
September 2014: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25071671/evidence-informed-physical-therapy-management-of-performance-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-musicians
#18
REVIEW
Cliffton Chan, Bronwen Ackermann
Playing a musical instrument at an elite level is a highly complex motor skill. The regular daily training loads resulting from practice, rehearsals and performances place great demands on the neuromusculoskeletal systems of the body. As a consequence, performance-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) are globally recognized as common phenomena amongst professional orchestral musicians. These disorders create a significant financial burden to individuals and orchestras as well as lead to serious consequences to the musicians' performance and ultimately their career...
2014: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24925177/injury-and-the-orchestral-environment-part-ii-organisational-culture-behavioural-norms-and-attitudes-to-injury
#19
Dale Ll Rickert, Margaret S Barrett, Bronwen J Ackermann
The organisational culture, behavioural norms, and attitudes of a workplace have a profound influence on levels of injury and illness amongst its workers. While this is well established in Work Health and Safety literature, very little research has attempted to understand the influence of organisational culture on injury risk in the orchestral profession. To address this, the current study aimed to investigate the influence of organisational culture on injury outcomes for orchestral musicians. Using a qualitative case study methodology, in-depth semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 10 professional orchestral cellists (2 freelance and 8 fulltime members) from a single Australian orchestra...
June 2014: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24925175/playing-related-problems-among-musicians-of-the-orquesta-buena-vista-social-club%C3%A2-and-supporting-bands
#20
Luisn Heredia, David Hinkamp, Marc Brodsky, Carlos Llapur
BACKGROUND: The Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club® is a world-renowned group of Cuban musicians accomplished in a variety of musical styles. The musicians of the Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club and supporting musicians of their orchestras represent a cohort of musicians throughout Cuba who continue to play traditional genres and perform into their older ages. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to (1) identify musculoskeletal conditions that occurred over the previous 12 months among the members of the Orquesta and supporting musicians and (2) to discover if these conditions, in part, were caused by or in some way affected musical performance...
June 2014: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
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