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Yuanwang Liu, Huiqing Chang, Zhaojun Li, Cheng Zhang, Yao Feng, Dengmiao Cheng
Social concern and awareness of the potential risk posed by environmental residues of antibiotics such as gentamicin in the development of antibiotic resistance genes have increased. The present study used laboratory-scale experiments to develop methods for gentamicin removal from the environment. A fungus, strain FZC3, which could remove gentamicin in submerged fermentation, was isolated from solid waste and sewage water from a gentamicin production factory. The fungus was identified as Aspergillus terreus by sequencing the PCR-amplified ITS fragments of its rRNA-coding genes and by its morphology...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Maryam Bello-Akinosho, Rosina Makofane, Rasheed Adeleke, Mapitsi Thantsha, Michael Pillay, George Johannes Chirima
Restoration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon- (PAH-) polluted sites is presently a major challenge in agroforestry. Consequently, microorganisms with PAH-degradation ability and soil fertility improvement attributes are sought after in order to achieve sustainable remediation of polluted sites. This study isolated PAH-degrading bacteria from enriched cultures of spent automobile engine-oil polluted soil. Isolates' partial 16S rRNA genes were sequenced and taxonomically classified. Isolates were further screened for their soil fertility attributes such as phosphate solubilization, atmospheric nitrogen fixation, and indoleacetic acid (IAA) production...
2016: BioMed Research International
Yang Liu, Guangming Zeng, Hua Zhong, Zhiquan Wang, Zhifeng Liu, Min Cheng, Guansheng Liu, Xin Yang, Shaoheng Liu
In this study, liquid culture systems containing rhamnolipid-solubilized, separate-phase, and multi-state hexadecane as the carbon source were employed for examining the effect of rhamnolipid solubilization on the bioavailability of hexadecane. Experimental results showed that the uptake of rhamnolipid-solubilized hexadecane by Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027, a rhamnolipid producing strain, was enhanced compared to the uptake of mass hexadecane as a separate phase, indicating rhamnolipid solubilization increased the bioavailability of hexadecane for this bacterium...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
V L Sirisha, Ankita Jain, Amita Jain
Immobilized enzymes can be used in a wide range of processes. In recent years, a variety of new approaches have emerged for the immobilization of enzymes that have greater efficiency and wider usage. During the course of the last two decades, this area has rapidly expanded into a multidisciplinary field. This current study is a comprehensive review of a variety of literature produced on the different enzymes that have been immobilized on various supporting materials. These immobilized enzymes have a wide range of applications...
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Carlos Molina-Santiago, Zulema Udaondo, María Gómez-Lozano, Soren Molin, Juan Luis Ramos
Pseudomonas putida strains are generally recognized as solvent tolerant, exhibiting varied sensitivity to organic solvents. Pan-genome analysis has revealed that 30% of genes belong to the core-genome of Pseudomonas. Accessory and unique genes confer high degree of adaptability and capabilities for the degradation and synthesis of a wide range of chemicals. For the use of these microbes in bioremediation and biocatalysis, it is critical to understand the mechanisms underlying these phenotypic differences. In this study, RNA-seq analysis compared the short- and long-term responses of the toluene-sensitive KT2440 strain and the highly-tolerant DOT-T1E strain...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Reyna Del C Lara-Severino, Miguel A Camacho-López, Edgar Casanova-González, Leobardo M Gómez-Oliván, Ángel H Sandoval-Trujillo, Keila Isaac-Olivé, Ninfa Ramírez-Durán
The use of native strains of microorganisms from soils is an excellent option for bioremediation. To our knowledge, until now there has been no other group working on the isolation of Actinobacteria from contaminated soils in Mexico. In this study, samples of soils close to areas with oil activity in the State of Veracruz, Mexico, were inoculated for the isolation of Actinobacteria. The strains isolated were characterized morphologically, and the concentrations of NaCl and pH were determined for optimal growth...
March 2016: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
Kirti M Yenkie, WenZhao Wu, Ryan L Clark, Brian F Pfleger, Thatcher W Root, Christos T Maravelias
Microbial conversion of renewable feedstocks to high-value chemicals is an attractive alternative to current petrochemical processes because it offers the potential to reduce net CO2 emissions and integrate with bioremediation objectives. Microbes have been genetically engineered to produce a growing number of high-value chemicals in sufficient titer, rate, and yield from renewable feedstocks. However, high-yield bioconversion is only one aspect of an economically viable process. Separation of biologically synthesized chemicals from process streams is a major challenge that can contribute to >70% of the total production costs...
October 15, 2016: Biotechnology Advances
Qing Fang, Zhengqiu Fan, Yujing Xie, Xiangrong Wang, Kun Li, Yafeng Liu
The quest for new, promising and indigenous plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria and a deeper understanding of their relationship with plants are important considerations in the improvement of phytoremediation. This study focuses on the screening of plant beneficial Cu/Zn-resistant strains and assessment of their bioremediation potential (metal solubilization/tolerance/biosorption and effects on growth of Brassica napus seedlings) to identify suitable rhizobacteria and examine their roles in microbes-assisted phytoremediation...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Namrata Singh, Shubhi Srivastava, Sushma Rathaur, Nandita Singh
The arsenic tolerant bacterial strains Staphylococcus arlettae (NBRIEAG-6), Staphylococcus sp. (NBRIEAG-8) and Brevibacillus sp. (NBRIEAG-9) were tested for their roles in enhancing plant growth and induction of stress-related enzymes in rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. NDR-359) plants at two different concentrations, 30 and 15mg/kg of As(V) and As(III), respectively. An experiment was conducted to test the effect of these strains on plant growth promotion and arsenic uptake. We found 30%-40% reduction in total As uptake in bacteria-inoculated plants, with increased plant growth parameters compared to non-inoculated plants...
October 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Siti Nurjaliah Muhammad, Faradiella Mohd Kusin, Mohd Syakirin Md Zahar, Ferdaus Mohamat Yusuff, Normala Halimoon
Passive bioremediation of metal- and sulfate-containing acid mine drainage (AMD) has been investigated in a batch study. Multiple substrates were used in the AMD remediation using spent mushroom compost (SMC), limestone, activated sludge (AS), and woodchips (WC) under anoxic conditions suitable for bacterial sulfate reduction (BSR). Limestones used were of crushed limestone (CLS) and uncrushed limestone, provided at two different ratios in mixed substrates treatment and varied by the proportion of SMC and limestone...
October 17, 2016: Environmental Technology
Tarek G Ammari, Marrwa Al-Atiyat, Eyad S Abu-Nameh, Ayoup Ghrair, Daasan Jaradat
Cadmium can enter water, soil and food chain in amounts harmful to human health by industrial wastes. The use of intact and NaOH-treated dried algal tissues (Hydrodictyon reticulatum); a major ecosystem bio-component, for Cd removal from aqueous solutions was characterized. Cadmium biosorption was found to be dependent on solution pH, bioadsorbent dose, the interaction between pH and dose, contact time, and initial Cd concentration. The experimental results indicated that the biosorption performance of alkaline-treated algal tissues was better than that of intact tissues...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Julien Crovadore, Bastien Cochard, Gautier Calmin, Romain Chablais, Torsten Schulz, François Lefort
We report here the whole-genome shotgun sequence of the strain UASWS0955 of the species Pseudomonas xanthomarina, isolated from sewage sludge. This genome was obtained with an Illumina MiniSeq and is the second genome registered for this species, which is considered as a promising resource for agriculture and bioremediation of contaminated soils.
October 13, 2016: Genome Announcements
Kyle D Sutherlin, Lei V Liu, Yong-Min Lee, Yeonju Kwak, Yoshitaka Yoda, Makina Saito, Masayuki Kurokuzu, Yasuhiro Kobayashi, Makoto Seto, Lawrence Que, Wonwoo Nam, Edward I Solomon
FeIII-(hydro)peroxy intermediates have been isolated in two classes of mononuclear non-heme Fe enzymes that are important in bioremediation: the Rieske dioxygenases and the extradiol dioxygenases. The binding mode and protonation state of the peroxide moieties in these intermediates are not well defined, due to a lack of vibrational structural data. Nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy (NRVS) is an important technique for obtaining vibrational information on these and other intermediates, as it is sensitive to all normal modes with Fe displacement...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Junli Huang, Zhaobing Liu, Shiyu Li, Bo Xu, Yahui Gong, Yan Yang, Hanxiao Sun
Although many bacteria are tolerant to heavy metals and play important roles in the immobilization of heavy metals, they cannot always be dependably reproduced under field conditions. In this work, a cadmium (Cd)-resistant bacterium was isolated from a Cd-contaminated oil field and identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pse-w). We then determined various plant growth promoting features such as the solubilization of phosphate, and the production of indole-3-acetic acid and siderophores. Lastly, we engineered the strain Pse-w-MT by targeting metallothioneins to the cell surface of Pse-w to immobilize Cd(2+) and promote plant growth...
October 3, 2016: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
Sara Rodriguez-Conde, Lázaro Molina, Paola González, Alicia García-Puente, Ana Segura
At the same time that the European Union (EU) policy recommend to direct efforts towards reductions of heavy metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and mining residues, there is the need to increase the cultivable areas within Europe to cope with the increasing demands for food and energy crops. Bioremediation is a good technique for the restoration of contaminated soils; however, it has not been used extensively because of the variability of the outcome. This variability is frequently due to a bad establishment of foreign degrading populations in soil...
October 8, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Shelly Sharma, Partap Bir Singh, Pooja Chadha, Harvinder Singh Saini
The study was aimed to evaluate the levels of chlorpyrifos (CPF) pollution in agricultural soil of Punjab, India, its detrimental effects on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in rat brain and bioremediation of soils polluted with CPF using indigenous and adapted bacterial lab isolate. The analysis revealed that soil samples of Bathinda and Amritsar regions are highly contaminated with chlorpyrifos showing 19 to 175 mg/kg concentrations of CPF. The non-targeted animals may get poisoned with CPF by its indirect dermal absorption, inhalation of toxic fumes and regular consumption of soiled food grains...
October 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yue Zhao, Jun Yao, Zhimin Yuan, Tianqi Wang, Yiyue Zhang, Fei Wang
Microbially induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) is an emerging and promising bioremediation technology to restore the environment polluted by heavy metals. Carbonate-biomineralization microbe can immobilize heavy metals from mobile species into stable crystals. In the present manuscript, laboratory batch studies were conducted to evaluate the Cd removal ability based on biosorption and MICP, using carbonate-biomineralization microbe GZ-22 isolated from a mine soil. This strain was identified as a Bacillus sp...
October 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jingnan Jin, Jun Yao, Wenjuan Liu, Qingye Zhang, Jianli Liu
In this study, a gram-positive fluoranthene-degrading bacterial strain was isolated from crude oil in Dagang Oilfield and identified as Microbacterium paraoxydans JPM1 by the analysis of 16S rDNA sequence. After 25 days of incubation, the strain JPM1 could degrade 91.78 % of the initial amount of fluoranthene. Moreover, four metabolites 9-fluorenone-1-carboxylic acid, 9-fluorenone, phthalic acid, and benzoic acid were detected in the culture solution. The gene sequence encoding the aromatic-ring-hydroxylating dioxygenase was amplified in the strain JPM1 by PCR...
October 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Muhammad Bilal, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Hongbo Hu, Wei Wang, Xuehong Zhang
In this study, horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was immobilized onto chitosan beads by entrapment method and employed for the degradation of textile dyes. Stable and firm quality chitosan beads developed with 2.5% chitosan concentration exhibited maximum immobilization yield (~92.54±2.53%). The pH optimum of chitosan-immobilized HRP (CTS-HRP) was marginally displaced towards alkaline region (pH7.5) than that of F-HRP which displayed its optimum activity at pH7.0. The free HRP (F-HRP) and CTS-HRP enzyme presented their maximum catalytic activities at 30°C and 70°C, respectively...
October 6, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Pierre Le Pape, Fabienne Battaglia-Brunet, Marc Parmentier, Catherine Joulian, Cindy Gassaud, Lidia Fernandez-Rojo, Jean-Michel Guigner, Maya Ikogou, Lucie Stetten, Luca Olivi, Corinne Casiot, Guillaume Morin
Acid mine drainages (AMD) are major sources of pollution to the environment. Passive bio-remediation technologies involving sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) are promising for treating arsenic contaminated waters. However, mechanisms of biogenic As-sulfide formation need to be better understood to decontaminate AMDs in acidic conditions. Here, we show that a high-As AMD effluent can be decontaminated by an indigenous SRB consortium. AMD water from the Carnoulès mine (Gard, France) was incubated with the consortium under anoxic conditions and As, Zn and Fe concentrations, pH and microbial activity were monitored during 94days...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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