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Bhavana V Mohite, Sunil H Koli, Satish V Patil
Currently, the heavy metal pollution is of grave concern, and the part of microorganism for metal bioremediation should take into account as an efficient and economic strategy. On this framework, the heavy metal stress consequences on exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing agricultural isolate, Pantoea agglomerans, were studied. The EPS production is a protective response to stress to survive and grow in the metal-contaminated environment. P. agglomerans show tolerance and mucoid growth in the presence of heavy metals, i...
March 19, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Valeria Prigione, Bruno Trocini, Federica Spina, Anna Poli, Davide Romanisio, Samuele Giovando, Giovanna Cristina Varese
Tannins are a complex family of polyphenolic compounds, widely distributed in the plant kingdom where they act as growth inhibitors towards many microorganisms including bacteria, yeasts, and fungi. Tannins are one of the major components of tannery wastewaters and may cause serious environmental pollution. In the present study, four different tannins (the hydrolysable chestnut ellagitannin and tara gallotannin and the condensed quebracho and wattle tannins) were characterized from a mycological point of view with the aim of selecting fungal strains capable of growing in the presence of high tannin concentration and thus potentially useful in industrial biotransformations of these compounds or in the bioremediation of tannery wastewaters...
March 18, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Mariosimone Zoccali, Simone Cappello, Luigi Mondello
The present research is focused on the use of a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (QqQ MS) coupled with flow modulated comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (FM GC × GC) for a multilevel elucidation of biodegradation potentiality of natural marine microbial populations during a bioremediation (biostimulation) treatment. The crude oil used for the evaluation of the bioremediation process, namely Dansk Blend Pier E1, represents a very complex sample. Hence, in order to understand the metabolic activity of microbial populations during the bioremediation process, a GC × GC system was used...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Sasikumar Arunachalam Palaniyandi, Karthiyaini Damodharan, Joo-Won Suh, Seung Hwan Yang
The present study was focused on the production, characterization and in vitro prebiotic evaluation of exopolysaccharide (EPS) from Bacillus sonorensis MJM60135isolated from Ganjang (fermented soy sauce). StrainMJM60135 showed the highest production(8.4±0.8 g/L) of EPS compared to other isolates that were screened for EPS production based on ropy culture morphology. Further, MJM60135 was cultured in 5L medium and EPS was extracted by ethanol precipitation. Emulsification activity of EPS was higher in toluene than o -xylene...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Soumik Mitra, Krishnendu Pramanik, Anumita Sarkar, Pallab Kumar Ghosh, Tithi Soren, Tushar Kanti Maiti
Bacteria-mediated plant growth promotion and bioremediation of heavy metal containing soil is a widely accepted eco-friendly method. The present study is aimed to screen out cadmium resistant bacterial strain from metal contaminated rice rhizosphere and evaluate its effects on the growth of rice seedlings under cadmium stress. Among four different isolates (designated as S1, S2, S3 and S5), the S2 isolate was screened on the basis of different PGP traits and multi heavy metal resistance (minimum inhibitory concentration for cadmium, lead and arsenic were 3500, 2500 and 1050 µg/ml respectively)...
March 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Xiaohui Zhao, Fuqiang Fan, Huaidong Zhou, Panwei Zhang, Gaofeng Zhao
In-depth understanding of indigenous microbial assemblages resulted from aged contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is of vital importance in successful in situ bioremediation treatments. Soil samples of three boreholes were collected at 12 different vertical depths. Overall, the dominating three-ring PAHs (76.2%) were closely related to distribution patterns of soil dehydrogenase activity, microbial cell numbers, and Shannon biodiversity index (H') of indigenous microorganisms. High-molecular-weight PAHs tend to yield more diverse communities...
March 15, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
T A Defosse, Y Le Govic, V Courdavault, M Clastre, P Vandeputte, D Chabasse, J-P Bouchara, N Giglioli-Guivarc'h, N Papon
Among the subdivision of Saccharomycotina (ascomycetes budding yeasts), the CTG clade (formerly the Candida clade) includes species that display a particular genetic code. In these yeasts, the CTG codon is predominantly translated as a serine instead of a leucine residue. It is now well-known that some CTG clade species have a major impact on human and its activities. Some of them are recognized as opportunistic agents of fungal infections termed candidiasis. In addition, another series of species belonging to the CTG clade draws the attention of some research groups because they exhibit a strong potential in various areas of biotechnology such as biological control, bioremediation, but also in the production of valuable biocompounds (biofuel, vitamins, sweeteners, industrial enzymes)...
March 12, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Ghanshyam Kumar Satyapal, Santosh Kumar Mishra, Amrita Srivastava, Rajesh Kumar Ranjan, Krishna Prakash, Rizwanul Haque, Nitish Kumar
In middle Gangetic plain, high arsenic concentration is present in water, which causes a significant health risk. Total 48 morphologically distinct arsenite resistant bacteria were isolated from middle Gangetic plain. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of arsenite varied widely in the range 1-15 mM of the isolates. On the basis of their MIC, two isolates, AK1 (KY569423) and AK9 (KY569424) were selected. The analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of selected isolates revealed that they are belong to the genus Pseudomonas ...
March 2018: Biotechnology Reports
Adnan B Al-Hawash, Jawadayn T Alkooranee, Hayder A Abbood, Jialong Zhang, Jin Sun, Xiaoyu Zhang, Fuying Ma
Among four crude oil-degrading fungi strains that were isolated from a petroleum-polluted area in the Rumaila oil field, two fungi strains showed high activity in aliphatic hydrocarbon degradation. ITS sequencing and analysis of morphological and biochemical characteristics identified these strains as Penicillium sp. RMA1 and RMA2. Gravimetric and gas chromatography analysis of the crude oil remaining in the culture medium after 14 days of incubation at 30 °C showed that RMA1 and RMA2 degraded the crude oil by 57% and 55%, respectively...
March 2018: Biotechnology Reports
Nestor D Ortega-de la Rosa, Jose L Vázquez-Vázquez, Sergio Huerta-Ochoa, Miquel Gimeno, Mariano Gutiérrez-Rojas
Acinetobacter species are identified as producing surface-active and emulsifying molecules known as bioemulsifiers. Production, characterization and stability of bioemulsifiers produced by Acinetobacter bouvetii UAM25 were studied. A. bouvetii UAM25 grew in three different carbon and energy sources: ethanol, a glycerol-hexadecane mixture and waste cooking oil in an airlift bioreactor, showing that bioemulsifier production was growth associated. The three purified bioemulsifiers were lipo-heteropolysaccharides of high molecular weight (4866 ± 533 and 462 ± 101 kDa)...
March 14, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Christopher Finnegan, David Ryan, Anne-Marie Enright, Guiomar Garcia-Cabellos
Tributyltin (TBT) is one of the most toxic anthropogenic compounds introduced into the marine environment. Despite its global ban in 2008, TBT is still a problem of great concern due to its high affinity for particulate matter, providing a direct and potentially persistent route of entry into benthic sediments. Bioremediation strategies may constitute an alternative approach to conventional physicochemical methods, benefiting from the microorganism's potential to metabolize anthropogenic compounds. In this work, a simple, precise and accurate static headspace gas chromatography method was developed to investigate the ability of TBT degrading microbes in sedimentary microcosms over a period of 120 days...
March 10, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Mohamed Youness, Martine Sancelme, Bruno Combourieu, Pascale Besse-Hoggan
The use of triazole fungicides in various fields ranging from agriculture to therapy, can cause long-term undesirable effects on different organisms from various environmental compartments and lead to resistance phenomena (even in humans) due to their extensive use and persistence. Their occurrence in various water bodies has increased and tebuconazole, in particular, is often detected, sometimes in high concentration. Only a few bacterial and fungal strains have been isolated and found to biotransform this fungicide, described as not easily biodegradable...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Regina Elizondo-González, Eduardo Quiroz-Guzmán, Cristina Escobedo-Fregoso, Paola Magallón-Servín, Alberto Peña-Rodríguez
Two experimental feeding trials were conducted during four weeks to evaluate the use of Ulva lactuca in shrimp culture: (1) for wastewater bioremediation, and (2) using different inclusion levels of U. lactuca meal in shrimp feed. In feeding trial 1, shrimp reared under seaweed U. lactuca water exchange in a re-circulation system (SWE) resulted in similar growth and feed utilization as shrimp reared with clean water exchange (CWE). Shrimp under no water exchange (NWE) resulted in significant lower growth and higher feed conversion rate (FCR) compared to the other treatments ( p  < 0...
2018: PeerJ
Wafa Hassen, Mohamed Neifar, Hanene Cherif, Afef Najjari, Habib Chouchane, Rim C Driouich, Asma Salah, Fatma Naili, Amor Mosbah, Yasmine Souissi, Noura Raddadi, Hadda I Ouzari, Fabio Fava, Ameur Cherif
A number of Pseudomonas strains function as inoculants for biocontrol, biofertilization, and phytostimulation, avoiding the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Here, we present a new metabolically versatile plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium, Pseudomonas rhizophila S211, isolated from a pesticide contaminated artichoke field that shows biofertilization, biocontrol and bioremediation potentialities. The S211 genome was sequenced, annotated and key genomic elements related to plant growth promotion and biosurfactant (BS) synthesis were elucidated...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Xiaoyu Guo, Chenghong Feng
As a typical test species, Asian Clam (Corbicula fluminea) is widely used in the identification and evaluation of freshwater toxicity. This study provides a summary of the research published from 1979 to 2018. The focus was on the bioaccumulation, morphological and behavioral changes, and biochemical index alterations of Corbicula fluminea to target pollutants (i.e., ammonia, metal(loid)s, and organic chemicals) in surface water and sediment. The applications on the evaluation of actual aquatic pollution, determination of toxicological mechanisms, prediction of toxicity, and bioremediation are also specifically discussed...
March 7, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Feng Zhao, Rongjiu Shi, Fang Ma, Siqin Han, Ying Zhang
BACKGROUND: Rhamnolipids are the most extensively studied biosurfactants and has been successfully used in various areas from bioremediation to industrial fields. Rhamnolipids structural composition decide their physicochemical properties. Different physicochemical properties influence their application potential. Rhamnolipids can be produced at both aerobic conditions and anaerobic conditions by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This study aims to evaluate the oxygen effects on the rhamnolipids yield, structural composition, physicochemical properties and the rhl-genes expression in P...
March 9, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
Samantha Joye, Sara Kleindienst, Tito David Peña-Montenegro
Hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria are phylogenetically and physiologically diverse and employ layered strategies to sense hydrocarbons, respond transcriptionally, and then move toward an oil source. They then produce biopolymers that increase hydrocarbon bioavailability. This SnapShot highlights how these bacteria respond to and then remove hydrocarbon contaminants from the environment. To view this SnapShot, open or download the PDF.
March 8, 2018: Cell
Rui Ma, Lei Zhang, Meng Liu, Yong-Teng Su, Wen-Mei Xie, Ni-Ya Zhang, Jie-Fan Dai, Yun Wang, Shahid Ali Rajput, De-Sheng Qi, Niel Alexander Karrow, Lv-Hui Sun
The objective of this study was to investigate the individual and combined contamination of aflatoxin B₁ (AFB₁), zearalenone (ZEN) and deoxynivalenol (DON) in feedstuffs from different Provinces of China between 2016 and 2017. A total of 1569 samples, including 742 feed ingredients and 827 complete pig feed samples, were collected from various regions of China for mycotoxins analysis. The results showed that individual occurrence rates of AFB₁, ZEN, and DON were more than 83.3%, 88%, and 74.5%, respectively, in all the tested samples...
March 7, 2018: Toxins
Claude Forano, Felipe Bruna, Christine Mousty, Vanessa Prevot
This review highlights the current research on the interactions between biological cells and Layered Double Hydroxides (LDH). The as-prepared biohybrid materials appear extremely attractive in diverse fields of application relating to health care, environment and energy production. We describe how thanks to the main features of biological cells and LDH layers, various strategies of assemblies can be carried out for constructing smart biofunctional materials. The interactions between the two components are described with a peculiar attention to the adsorption, biocompatibilization, LDH layer internalization, antifouling and antimicrobial properties...
March 8, 2018: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
Daniel S Grégoire, Noémie Lavoie, Alexandre J Poulain
The accumulation of mercury (Hg) in rice, a dietary staple for over half of the world's population, is rapidly becoming a global food safety issue. Rice paddies support the anaerobic production of toxic methylmercury that accumulates in plant tissue, however the microbial controls of Hg cycling in anoxic environments remain poorly understood. In this study, we reveal a novel reductive Hg metabolism in a representative of the family Heliobacteria (Heliobacterium modesticaldum Ice1) that we confirm in model chemotrophic anaerobes...
March 8, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
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