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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641173/population-dynamics-of-electrogenic-microbial-communities-in-microbial-fuel-cells-started-with-three-different-inoculum-sources
#1
Shun'ichi Ishii, Shino Suzuki, Yuko Yamanaka, Angela Wu, Kenneth H Nealson, Orianna Bretschger
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are one of the bioelectrochemical systems that exploit microorganisms as biocatalysts to degrade organic matters and recover energy as electric power. Here, we explored how the established electrogenic microbial communities were influenced by three different inoculum sources; anaerobic sludge of the wastewater plant, rice paddy field soil, and coastal lagoon sediment. We periodically characterized both electricity generation with sucrose consumption and 16S rRNA-basis microbial community composition...
June 15, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637165/quantification-of-the-methane-concentration-using-anaerobic-oxidation-of-methane-coupled-to-extracellular-electron-transfer
#2
Yaohuan Gao, Hodon Ryu, Bruce E Rittmann, Abid Hussain, Hyung-Sool Lee
A biofilm anode acclimated with growth media containing acetate, then acetate+methane, and finally methane alone produced electrical current in a microbial electrochemical cell (MxC) fed with methane as the sole electron donor. Geobacter was the dominant genus for the bacterial domain (93%) in the biofilm anode, while methanogens (Methanocorpusculum labreanum and Methanosaeta concilii) accounted for 82% of the total archaeal clones in the biofilm. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) imaging clearly showed a biofilm of mixed bacteria and archaea, suggesting a syntrophic interaction between them for performing anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) in the biofilm anode...
June 13, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619806/draft-genome-sequence-of-geobacter-pelophilus-strain-dfr2-a-ferric-iron-reducing-bacterium
#3
Tomo Aoyagi, Hideaki Koike, Tomotake Morita, Yuya Sato, Hiroshi Habe, Tomoyuki Hori
Here, we report a draft genome sequence of Geobacter pelophilus strain Dfr2, a ferric iron-reducing bacterium. This genome information will further our understanding of the mechanisms underlying electron transfer from microorganisms to ferric iron oxides.
June 15, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617523/electrochemical-characterization-of-geobacter-lovleyi-identifies-limitations-of-microbial-fuel-cell-performance-in-constructed-wetlands
#4
Clara Corbella, Rebecca P Steidl, Jaume Puigagut, Gemma Reguera
Power generation in microbial fuel cells implemented in constructed wetlands (CW-MFCs) is low despite the enrichment of anode electricigens most closely related to Geobacter lovleyi. Using the model representative G. lovleyi strain SZ, we show that acetate, but not formate or lactate, can be oxidized efficiently but growth is limited by the high sensitivity of the bacterium to oxygen. Acetate and highly reducing conditions also supported the growth of anode biofilms but only at optimal anode potentials (450 mV vs...
June 2017: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575837/adaptation-of-microbial-community-of-the-anode-biofilm-in-microbial-fuel-cells-to-temperature
#5
Xiaoxue Mei, Defeng Xing, Yang Yang, Qian Liu, Huihui Zhou, Changhong Guo, Nanqi Ren
Temperature as an important ecological factor affects biofilm development and microbial metabolic activity. Here, the performances and microbial communities of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) at different temperature were analyzed. As the temperature decreased, the power output of MFCs declined. A maximum power density of 894.3±48.6mW/m(2) was obtained in MFCs operating at 30°C, which was 18.5% and 64.5% higher than that in MFCs at 20°C and 10°C, respectively. Illumina sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons showed that a distinct difference in microbial community structure of the anode biofilms occurred...
May 24, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570887/bacterial-community-shift-and-incurred-performance-in-response-to-in-situ-microbial-self-assembly-graphene-and-polarity-reversion-in-microbial-fuel-cell
#6
Junfeng Chen, Lihua Zhang, Yongyou Hu, Wantang Huang, Zhuyu Niu, Jian Sun
In this work, bacterial community shift and incurred performance of graphene modified bioelectrode (GM-BE) in microbial fuel cell (MFC) were illustrated by high throughput sequencing technology and electrochemical analysis. The results showed that Firmicutes occupied 48.75% in graphene modified bioanode (GM-BA), while Proteobacteria occupied 62.99% in graphene modified biocathode (GM-BC), both were dominant bacteria in phylum level respectively. Typical exoelectrogens, including Geobacter, Clostridium, Pseudomonas, Geothrix and Hydrogenophaga, were counted 26...
May 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531860/boosting-biomethane-yield-and-production-rate-with-graphene-the-potential-of-direct-interspecies-electron-transfer-in-anaerobic-digestion
#7
Richen Lin, Jun Cheng, Jiabei Zhang, Junhu Zhou, Kefa Cen, Jerry D Murphy
Interspecies electron transfer between bacteria and archaea plays a vital role in enhancing energy efficiency of anaerobic digestion (AD). Conductive carbon materials (i.e. graphene nanomaterial and activated charcoal) were assessed to enhance AD of ethanol (a key intermediate product after acidogenesis of algae). The addition of graphene (1.0g/L) resulted in the highest biomethane yield (695.0±9.1mL/g) and production rate (95.7±7.6mL/g/d), corresponding to an enhancement of 25.0% in biomethane yield and 19...
September 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513579/electricity-from-methane-by-reversing-methanogenesis
#8
Michael J McAnulty, Venkata G Poosarla, Kyoung-Yeol Kim, Ricardo Jasso-Chávez, Bruce E Logan, Thomas K Wood
Given our vast methane reserves and the difficulty in transporting methane without substantial leaks, the conversion of methane directly into electricity would be beneficial. Microbial fuel cells harness electrical power from a wide variety of substrates through biological means; however, the greenhouse gas methane has not been used with much success previously as a substrate in microbial fuel cells to generate electrical current. Here we construct a synthetic consortium consisting of: (i) an engineered archaeal strain to produce methyl-coenzyme M reductase from unculturable anaerobic methanotrophs for capturing methane and secreting acetate; (ii) micro-organisms from methane-acclimated sludge (including Paracoccus denitrificans) to facilitate electron transfer by providing electron shuttles (confirmed by replacing the sludge with humic acids), and (iii) Geobacter sulfurreducens to produce electrons from acetate, to create a microbial fuel cell that converts methane directly into significant electrical current...
May 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497287/role-of-nitrite-in-the-competition-between-denitrification-and-dnra-in-a-chemostat-enrichment-culture
#9
Eveline M van den Berg, Julius L Rombouts, J Gijs Kuenen, Robbert Kleerebezem, Mark C M van Loosdrecht
Denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA) are two microbial processes that compete for oxidized nitrogen compounds in the environment. The objective of this work was to determine the role of nitrite versus nitrate as terminal electron acceptor on the competition between DNRA and denitrification. Initially, a mixed culture chemostat was operated under nitrate limitation and performed DNRA. Stepwise, the influent nitrate was replaced with nitrite until nitrite was the sole electron acceptor and N-source present...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494298/remediation-of-pah-polluted-soils-using-a-soil-microbial-fuel-cell-influence-of-electrode-interval-and-role-of-microbial-community
#10
Bao Yu, Jing Tian, Liu Feng
The soil microbial fuel cells (SMFCs) were constructed to remediate soils contaminated by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). With a maximum power density of 12.1mWm(-2) and an internal resistance of 470Ω, a closed SMFC showed electricity generation comparable to that by an open SMFC after 175days of operation and meanwhile increased the removal rates of anthracene, phenanthrene, and pyrene to 54.2±2.7%, 42.6±1.9% and 27.0±2.1% from 20.8±1.1%, 17.3±1.2% and 11.7±0.9%, respectively, by the open SMFC...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487680/diversity-of-metabolically-active-bacteria-in-water-flooded-high-temperature-heavy-oil-reservoir
#11
Tamara N Nazina, Natalya M Shestakova, Ekaterina M Semenova, Alena V Korshunova, Nadezda K Kostrukova, Tatiana P Tourova, Liu Min, Qingxian Feng, Andrey B Poltaraus
The goal of this work was to study the overall genomic diversity of microorganisms of the Dagang high-temperature oilfield (PRC) and to characterize the metabolically active fraction of these populations. At this water-flooded oilfield, the microbial community of formation water from the near-bottom zone of an injection well where the most active microbial processes of oil degradation occur was investigated using molecular, cultural, radiotracer, and physicochemical techniques. The samples of microbial DNA and RNA from back-flushed water were used to obtain the clone libraries for the 16S rRNA gene and cDNA of 16S rRNA, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484799/distribution-of-anaerobic-hydrocarbon-degrading-bacteria-in-soils-from-king-george-island-maritime-antarctica
#12
Dayanna Souza Sampaio, Juliana Rodrigues Barboza Almeida, Hugo E de Jesus, Alexandre S Rosado, Lucy Seldin, Diogo Jurelevicius
Anaerobic diesel fuel Arctic (DFA) degradation has already been demonstrated in Antarctic soils. However, studies comparing the distribution of anaerobic bacterial groups and of anaerobic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in Antarctic soils containing different concentrations of DFA are scarce. In this study, functional genes were used to study the diversity and distribution of anaerobic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria (bamA, assA, and bssA) and of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB-apsR) in highly, intermediate, and non-DFA-contaminated soils collected during the summers of 2009, 2010, and 2011 from King George Island, Antarctica...
May 8, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484115/microbially-reduced-graphene-oxide-shows-efficient-electricity-ecovery-from-artificial-dialysis-wastewater
#13
Yuko Goto, Naoko Yoshida
Anodes are crucial in determining the electricity recovery of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). In this study, graphene oxide (GO) was used as an anodic material for electricity recovery from artificial dialysis wastewater (ADWW). Anaerobic incubation of ADWW with GO for 21 days produced a hydrogel complex containing embedded microbial cells and microbially reduced GO (rGO). The rGO complex recovered 540 to 810 μA/cm(3) of catalytic current from ADWW after 10 days of electrochemical cultivation at 200 mV (vs. Ag/AgCl), which was approximately thirty times higher than that recovered from graphite felt (GF), a representative anode in MFCs...
May 2, 2017: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474682/the-molecular-mechanism-of-the-type-iva-pilus-motors
#14
Matthew McCallum, Stephanie Tammam, Ahmad Khan, Lori L Burrows, P Lynne Howell
Type IVa pili are protein filaments essential for virulence in many bacterial pathogens; they extend and retract from the surface of bacterial cells to pull the bacteria forward. The motor ATPase PilB powers pilus assembly. Here we report the structures of the core ATPase domains of Geobacter metallireducens PilB bound to ADP and the non-hydrolysable ATP analogue, AMP-PNP, at 3.4 and 2.3 Å resolution, respectively. These structures reveal important differences in nucleotide binding between chains. Analysis of these differences reveals the sequential turnover of nucleotide, and the corresponding domain movements...
May 5, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472266/toward-establishing-minimum-requirements-for-extracellular-electron-transfer-in-geobacter-sulfurreducens
#15
Toshiyuki Ueki, Laurie N DiDonato, Derek R Lovley
The highly redundant pathways for extracellular electron transfer in Geobacter sulfurreducens must be simplified for this microorganism to serve as an effective chassis for applications such as the development of sensors and biocomputing. Five homologs of the periplasmic c-type cytochromes, PpcA-E, offer the possibility of multiple routes of electron transfer across the periplasm. The presence of a large number of outer membrane c-type cytochromes allows G. sulfurreducens to adapt to disruption of an electron transfer pathway in the outer membrane...
May 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456041/enhanced-treatment-of-fischer-tropsch-wastewater-using-up-flow-anaerobic-sludge-blanket-system-coupled-with-micro-electrolysis-cell-a-pilot-scale-study
#16
Dexin Wang, Yuxing Han, Hongjun Han, Kun Li, Chunyan Xu
The coupling of micro-electrolysis cell (MEC) with an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) system in pilot scale was established for enhanced treatment of Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) wastewater. The lowest influent pH (4.99±0.10) and reduced alkali addition were accomplished under the assistance of anaerobic effluent recycling of 200% (stage 5). Simultaneously, the optimum COD removal efficiency (93.5±1.6%) and methane production (2.01±0.13m(3)/m(3)·d) at the lower hydraulic retention time (HRT) were achieved in this stage...
August 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452369/corrigendum-mechanistic-stratification-in-electroactive-biofilms-of-geobacter-sulfurreducens-mediated-by-pilus-nanowires
#17
Rebecca J Steidl, Sanela Lampa-Pastirk, Gemma Reguera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443365/enhanced-phosphorus-reduction-in-simulated-eutrophic-water-a-comparative-study-of-submerged-macrophytes-sediment-microbial-fuel-cells-and-their-combination
#18
Peng Xu, Enrong Xiao, Dan Xu, Juan Li, Yi Zhang, Zhigang Dai, Qiaohong Zhou, Zhenbin Wu
The phosphorus reduction in water column was attempted by integrating sediment microbial fuel cells (SMFCs) with the submerged macrophyte Vallisneria spiralis. A comparative study was conducted to treat simulated water rich in phosphate with a control and three treatments: SMFC alone (SMFC), submerged macrophytes alone (macophyte), and combined macrophytes and fuel cells (M-SMFC). All treatments promoted phosphorus flux from the water column to sediments. Maximum phosphorus reduction was obtained in proportion to the highest stable phosphorus level in sediments in M-SMFC...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442658/predominant-but-previously-overlooked-prokaryotic-drivers-of-reductive-nitrogen-transformation-in-paddy-soils-revealed-by-metatranscriptomics
#19
Yoko Masuda, Hideomi Itoh, Yutaka Shiratori, Kazuo Isobe, Shigeto Otsuka, Keishi Senoo
Waterlogged paddy soils possess anoxic zones in which microbes actively induce reductive nitrogen transformation (RNT). In the present study, a shotgun RNA sequencing analysis (metatranscriptomics) of paddy soil samples revealed that most RNT gene transcripts in paddy soils were derived from Deltaproteobacteria, particularly the genera Anaeromyxobacter and Geobacter. Despite the frequent detection of the rRNA of these microbes in paddy soils, their RNT-associated genes have rarely been identified in previous PCR-based studies...
April 22, 2017: Microbes and Environments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431359/reconstruction-of-microbial-community-structures-as-evidences-for-soil-redox-coupled-reductive-dechlorination-of-pcp-in-a-mangrove-soil
#20
Yan Xu, Yan He, Xianjin Tang, Philip C Brookes, Jianming Xu
The aim was to investigate the influence of pentachlorophenol (PCP) on the soil microbial communities and the coupled mechanism between PCP reductive dechlorination and soil redox under anaerobic condition. Accordingly, a slurry incubation experiment was carried out in which bacterial and archaeal communities were detected by MiSeq amplicon sequencing. The original microbial community balance was gradually disrupted and new microbial structure was reconstructed subsequently through self-regulation and acclimation during PCP transformation, coupling with the changes of soil biogeochemical redox dynamics...
April 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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