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Adam J E Freedman, BoonFei Tan, Janelle R Thompson
Microorganisms catalyze carbon cycling and biogeochemical reactions in the deep subsurface and thus may be expected to influence the fate of injected supercritical (sc) CO2 following geological carbon sequestration (GCS). We hypothesized that natural subsurface scCO2 reservoirs, which serve as analogs for the long-term fate of sequestered scCO2 , harbor a "deep carbonated biosphere" with carbon cycling potential. We sampled subsurface fluids from scCO2 -water separators at a natural scCO2 reservoir at McElmo Dome, Colorado for analysis of 16S rRNA gene diversity and metagenome content...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
Babur S Mirza, Darwin L Sorensen, Daniel J McGlinn, R Ryan Dupont, Joan E McLean
The diversity of Dehalococcoides mccartyi (Dhc) and/or other organohalide respiring or associated microorganisms in parallel, partial, or complete trichloroethene (TCE) dehalogenating systems has not been well described. The composition of Dhc populations and the associated bacterial community that developed over 7.5 years in the top layer (0-10 cm) of eight TCE-fed columns were examined using pyrosequencing. Columns biostimulated with one of three carbon sources, along with non-stimulated controls, developed into complete (ethene production, whey amended), partial (cis-dichloroethene (DCE) and VC, an emulsified oil with nonionic surfactant), limited (<5 % cis-DCE and 95 % TCE, an emulsified oil), and non- (controls) TCE dehalogenating systems...
February 17, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jabir Thajudeen, Jesmi Yousuf, Vipindas Puthiya Veetil, Sherin Varghese, Arvind Singh, Mohamed Hatha Abdulla
Microorganisms play a significant role in biogeochemical cycles, especially in the benthic and pelagic ecosystems. Role of environmental parameters in regulating the diversity, distribution and physiology of these microorganisms in tropical marine environment is not well understood. In this study, we have identified dinitrogen (N2) fixing bacterial communities in the sediments by constructing clone libraries of nitrogenase (nifH) gene from four different stations in the Cochin estuary, along the southeastern Arabian Sea...
February 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Chuan Chen, Xi-Jun Xu, Peng Xie, Ye Yuan, Xu Zhou, Ai-Jie Wang, Duu-Jong Lee, Nan-Qi Ren
Integrated simultaneous desulfurization and denitrification (ISDD) process has proven to be feasible for the coremoval of sulfate, nitrate, and chemical oxygen demand (COD). In this study, we aimed to reveal the microbial community dynamics in the ISDD process with different influent nitrate (NO3(-)) concentrations. For all tested scenarios, full denitrification was accomplished while sulfate removal efficiency decreased along with increased influent NO3(-) concentrations. The proportion of S(0) to influent SO4(2-) maintained a low level (5...
December 18, 2016: Chemosphere
Jianchao Zhang, Yahai Lu
Syntrophic methanogenesis is an essential link in the global carbon cycle and a key bioprocess for the disposal of organic waste and production of biogas. Recent studies suggest direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) is involved in electron exchange in methanogenesis occurring in paddy soils, anaerobic digesters, and specific co-cultures with Geobacter. In this study, we evaluate the possible involvement of DIET in the syntrophic oxidation of butyrate in the enrichments from two lake sediments (an urban lake and a natural lake)...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Tobias Goris, Christian L Schiffmann, Jennifer Gadkari, Lorenz Adrian, Martin von Bergen, Gabriele Diekert, Nico Jehmlich
Sulfurospirillum multivorans is a free-living, physiologically versatile Epsilonproteobacterium able to couple the reductive dehalogenation of chlorinated and brominated ethenes to growth (organohalide respiration). We present proteomic data of S. multivorans grown with different electron donors (formate or pyruvate) and electron acceptors (fumarate, nitrate, or tetrachloroethene [PCE]). To obtain information on the cellular localization of proteins, membrane extracts and soluble fractions were separated before data collection from both fractions...
September 2016: Data in Brief
Karen Rossmassler, Thomas E Hanson, Barbara J Campbell
In sulfidic environments, microbes oxidize reduced sulfur compounds via several pathways. We used metagenomics to investigate sulfur metabolic pathways from microbial mat communities in two subterranean sulfidic streams in Lower Kane Cave, WY, USA and from Glenwood Hot Springs, CO, USA. Both unassembled and targeted recA gene assembly analyses revealed that these streams were dominated by Epsilonproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria, including groups related to Sulfurovum, Sulfurospirillum, Thiothrix and an epsilonproteobacterial group with no close cultured relatives...
August 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Sebastian Keller, Aaron Treder, Stephan H von Reuss, Jorge C Escalante-Semerena, Torsten Schubert
UNLABELLED: The tetrachloroethene (PCE)-respiring bacterium Sulfurospirillum multivorans produces a unique cobamide, namely, norpseudo-B12, which, in comparison to other cobamides, e.g., cobalamin and pseudo-B12, lacks the methyl group in the linker moiety of the nucleotide loop. In this study, the protein SMUL_1544 was shown to be responsible for the formation of the unusual linker moiety, which is most probably derived from ethanolamine-phosphate (EA-P) as the precursor. The product of the SMUL_1544 gene successfully complemented a Salmonella enterica ΔcobD mutant...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
Daniel E Ross, Christopher W Marshall, Harold D May, R Sean Norman
Sulfurospirillum spp. play an important role in sulfur and nitrogen cycling, and contain metabolic versatility that enables reduction of a wide range of electron acceptors, including thiosulfate, tetrathionate, polysulfide, nitrate, and nitrite. Here we describe the assembly of a Sulfurospirillum genome obtained from the metagenome of an electrosynthetic microbiome. The ubiquity and persistence of this organism in microbial electrosynthesis systems suggest it plays an important role in reactor stability and performance...
2016: PloS One
Bryan Jk Smith, Melissa A Boothe, Brice A Fiddler, Tania M Lozano, Russel K Rahi, Mark J Krzmarzick
Organohalide contaminants such as triclosan and triclocarban have been well documented in municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), but the degradation of these contaminants is not well understood. One possible removal mechanism is organohalide respiration by which bacteria reduce the halogenated compound. The purpose of this study was to determine the abundance of organohalide-respiring bacteria in eight WWTP anaerobic digesters. The obligate organohalide respiring Dehalococcoides mccartyi was the most abundant and averaged 3...
2015: Microbiology Insights
Tobias Goris, Christian L Schiffmann, Jennifer Gadkari, Torsten Schubert, Jana Seifert, Nico Jehmlich, Martin von Bergen, Gabriele Diekert
Organohalide respiration is an environmentally important but poorly characterized type of anaerobic respiration. We compared the global proteome of the versatile organohalide-respiring Epsilonproteobacterium Sulfurospirillum multivorans grown with different electron acceptors (fumarate, nitrate, or tetrachloroethene [PCE]). The most significant differences in protein abundance were found for gene products of the organohalide respiration region. This genomic region encodes the corrinoid and FeS cluster containing PCE reductive dehalogenase PceA and other proteins putatively involved in PCE metabolism such as those involved in corrinoid biosynthesis...
September 21, 2015: Scientific Reports
Takamasa Miura, Yoshihito Uchino, Keiko Tsuchikane, Yoshiyuki Ohtsubo, Shoko Ohji, Akira Hosoyama, Masako Ito, Yoh Takahata, Atsushi Yamazoe, Ken-Ichiro Suzuki, Nobuyuki Fujita
Sulfurospirillum strains UCH001 and UCH003 were isolated from anaerobic cis-1,2-dichloroethene-dechlorinating microbial consortia derived from groundwater in Japan. Here, we report the complete genome sequences of strains UCH001 and UCH003.
2015: Genome Announcements
Julian Renpenning, Insa Rapp, Ivonne Nijenhuis
This study investigated the effect of intracellular microscale mass transfer on microbial carbon isotope fractionation of tetrachloroethene (PCE) and trichloroethene (TCE). Significantly stronger isotope fractionation was observed for crude extracts vs intact cells of Sulfurospirillum multivorans, Geobacter lovleyi, Desulfuromonas michiganensis, Desulfitobacterium hafniense strain PCE-S, and Dehalobacter restrictus. Furthermore, carbon stable isotope fractionation was stronger for microorganisms with a Gram-positive cell envelope compared to those with a Gram-negative cell envelope...
April 7, 2015: Environmental Science & Technology
Xiaowei Wang, Yu Zhang, Jiti Zhou, Tingting Zhang, Mingxiang Chen
A continuous reactor in microaerobic conditions was adopted for sulfide-oxidizing, nitrate-reducing and elemental sulfur (S(0)) regenerating, simultaneously. The results showed that appropriate dissolved oxygen (DO) enhanced S(0) regeneration efficiency, sulfide oxidation efficiency, and nitrate reduction efficiency. When the DO concentration was 0.1-0.3 mg L(-1), the microaerobic bioreactor simultaneously converted 8.16 kg-Sm(-3)d(-1) of sulfide to S(0) and 2.48 kg-Nm(-3)d(-1) of nitrate to nitrogen with the sulfide and nitrate removal efficiency of 100% and 90% respectively...
April 2015: Bioresource Technology
Daniel E Ross, Christopher W Marshall, Harold D May, R Sean Norman
A draft genome of Sulfurospirillum sp. strain MES was isolated through taxonomic binning of a metagenome sequenced from a microbial electrosynthesis system (MES) actively producing acetate and hydrogen. The genome contains the nosZDFLY genes, which are involved in nitrous oxide reduction, suggesting the potential role of this strain in denitrification.
2015: Genome Announcements
Masafumi Yohda, Osami Yagi, Ayane Takechi, Mizuki Kitajima, Hisashi Matsuda, Naoaki Miyamura, Tomoko Aizawa, Mutsuyasu Nakajima, Michio Sunairi, Akito Daiba, Takashi Miyajima, Morimi Teruya, Kuniko Teruya, Akino Shiroma, Makiko Shimoji, Hinako Tamotsu, Ayaka Juan, Kazuma Nakano, Misako Aoyama, Yasunobu Terabayashi, Kazuhito Satou, Takashi Hirano
A Dehalococcoides-containing bacterial consortium that performed dechlorination of 0.20 mM cis-1,2-dichloroethene to ethene in 14 days was obtained from the sediment mud of the lotus field. To obtain detailed information of the consortium, the metagenome was analyzed using the short-read next-generation sequencer SOLiD 3. Matching the obtained sequence tags with the reference genome sequences indicated that the Dehalococcoides sp. in the consortium was highly homologous to Dehalococcoides mccartyi CBDB1 and BAV1...
July 2015: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Anna Bauss, Thorsten Koslowski
Using molecular dynamics simulations of the thermodynamic integration type, we study the energetics and kinetics of electron transfer through the nitrite reductase enzyme of Sulfurospirillum deleyianum, Wolinella succinogenes and Campylobacter jejuni. In all of these five-heme proteins, the storage of an even number of electrons within a monomeric chain is thermodynamically favoured. Kinetically, two of these electrons are usually transferred almost simultaneously towards the active site. Although the free energy landscape for charge transfer varies significantly from organism to organism, the heme cofactor closest to the interface of a protein dimer always exhibits a particularly low free energy, suggesting that protein dimerization is functional...
February 14, 2015: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
BoonFei Tan, Julia Foght
Draft genome sequences of two Campylobacterales (Sulfurospirillum sp. strain SCADC and Sulfuricurvum sp. strain MLSB [Mildred Lake Settling Basin]) were obtained by taxonomic binning of metagenomes originating from an oil sands tailings pond. Both genomes contain soxABXYZ genes involved in sulfur oxidation, highlighting their potential roles in sulfur cycling in oil sands tailings ponds.
2014: Genome Announcements
Martin Bommer, Cindy Kunze, Jochen Fesseler, Torsten Schubert, Gabriele Diekert, Holger Dobbek
Organohalide-respiring microorganisms can use a variety of persistent pollutants, including trichloroethene (TCE), as terminal electron acceptors. The final two-electron transfer step in organohalide respiration is catalyzed by reductive dehalogenases. Here we report the x-ray crystal structure of PceA, an archetypal dehalogenase from Sulfurospirillum multivorans, as well as structures of PceA in complex with TCE and product analogs. The active site harbors a deeply buried norpseudo-B12 cofactor within a nitroreductase fold, also found in a mammalian B12 chaperone...
October 24, 2014: Science
Julian Renpenning, Sebastian Keller, Stefan Cretnik, Orfan Shouakar-Stash, Martin Elsner, Torsten Schubert, Ivonne Nijenhuis
The role of the corrinoid cofactor in reductive dehalogenation catalysis by tetrachloroethene reductive dehalogenase (PceA) of Sulfurospirillum multivorans was investigated using isotope analysis of carbon and chlorine. Crude extracts containing PceA--harboring either a native norpseudo-B12 or the alternative nor-B12 cofactor--were applied for dehalogenation of tetrachloroethene (PCE) or trichloroethene (TCE), and compared to abiotic dehalogenation with the respective purified corrinoids (norpseudovitamin B12 and norvitamin B12), as well as several commercially available cobalamins and cobinamide...
October 21, 2014: Environmental Science & Technology
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