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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431154/physiological-characterization-of-a-halotolerant-anoxygenic-phototrophic-fe-ii-oxidizing-green-sulfur-bacterium-isolated-from-a-marine-sediment
#1
Katja Laufer, Annika Niemeyer, Verena Nikeleit, Maximilian Halama, James M Byrne, Andreas Kappler
Anoxygenic photoautotrophic bacteria which use light energy and electrons from Fe(II) for growth, so-called photoferrotrophs, are suggested to have been amongst the first phototrophic microorganisms on Earth and to have contributed to the deposition of sedimentary iron mineral deposits, i.e. banded iron formations. To date only two isolates of marine photoferrotrophic bacteria exist, both of which are closely related purple non-sulfur bacteria. Here we present a novel green-sulfur photoautotrophic Fe(II)-oxidizer isolated from a marine coastal sediment, Chlorobium sp...
April 18, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428774/biochar-addition-increases-the-rates-of-dissimilatory-iron-reduction-and-methanogenesis-in-ferrihydrite-enrichments
#2
Guo-Wei Zhou, Xiao-Ru Yang, Christopher W Marshall, Hu Li, Bang-Xiao Zheng, Yu Yan, Jian-Qiang Su, Yong-Guan Zhu
Biochar contains quinones and aromatic structures that facilitate extracellular electron transfer between microbial cells and insoluble minerals. In this study, granulated biochar (1.2-2 mm) and powdered biochar (<0.15 mm) were amended to two ferrihydrite (in situ ferrihydrite and ex situ ferrihydrite) enrichments to investigate the effect of biochar with different particle sizes on dissimilatory iron(III)-reducing bacteria (DIRB) and methanogens. Biochar addition significantly stimulated the reduction of both in situ ferrihydrite and ex situ ferrihydrite and the production of methane...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426241/extracellular-heme-uptake-and-the-challenge-of-bacterial-cell-membranes
#3
Weiliang Huang, Angela Wilks
Iron is essential for the survival of most bacteria but presents a significant challenge given its limited bioavailability. Furthermore, the toxicity of iron combined with the need to maintain physiological iron levels within a narrow concentration range requires sophisticated systems to sense, regulate, and transport iron. Most bacteria have evolved mechanisms to chelate and transport ferric iron (Fe(3+)) via siderophore receptor systems, and pathogenic bacteria have further lowered this barrier by employing mechanisms to utilize the host's hemoproteins...
April 19, 2017: Annual Review of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421043/outlining-core-pathways-of-amyloid-toxicity-in-bacteria-with-the-repa-wh1-prionoid
#4
Laura Molina-García, María Moreno-Del Álamo, Pedro Botias, Zaira Martín-Moldes, María Fernández, Alicia Sánchez-Gorostiaga, Aída Alonso-Del Valle, Juan Nogales, Jesús García-Cantalejo, Rafael Giraldo
The synthetic bacterial prionoid RepA-WH1 causes a vertically transmissible amyloid proteinopathy in Escherichia coli that inhibits growth and eventually kills the cells. Recent in vitro studies show that RepA-WH1 builds pores through model lipid membranes, suggesting a possible mechanism for bacterial cell death. By comparing acutely (A31V) and mildly (ΔN37) cytotoxic mutant variants of the protein, we report here that RepA-WH1(A31V) expression decreases the intracellular osmotic pressure and compromise bacterial viability under either aerobic or anaerobic conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415423/investigation-of-antifouling-and-disinfection-potential-of-chitosan-coated-iron-oxide-pan-hollow-fiber-membrane-using-gram-positive-and-gram-negative-bacteria
#5
Munmun Mukherjee, Sirshendu De
Chitosan coated iron oxide nanoparticles were impregnated into polyacrylonitrile based hollow fiber membrane. The molecular weight cut off was varied in the range of 120 to 145kDa with the concentration of nanoparticles. Incorporation of nanoparticles improved the permeability, mechanical property and hydrophilicity of the membrane. The contact angle of the membrane decreased from 80° to 51° and the permeability increased by 31% at 0.5wt% nanoparticles concentration. The antibacterial and antifouling property of the membrane were investigated with two biofilm causing Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409115/a-metagenomic-approach-to-decipher-the-indigenous-microbial-communities-of-arsenic-contaminated-groundwater-of-assam
#6
Saurav Das, Sudipta Sankar Bora, R N S Yadav, Madhumita Barooah
Metagenomic approach was used to understand the structural and functional diversity present in arsenic contaminated groundwater of the Ganges Brahmaputra Delta aquifer system. A metagene dataset (coded as TTGW1) of 89,171 sequences (totaling 125,449,864 base pairs) with an average length of 1406 bps was annotated. About 74,478 sequences containing 101,948 predicted protein coding regions passed the quality control. Taxonomical classification revealed abundance of bacteria that accounted for 98.3% of the microbial population of the metagenome...
June 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407285/spatial-variation-in-bacterial-community-in-natural-wetland-river-sea-ecosystems
#7
Hongxia Zhang, Shiling Zheng, Jiawang Ding, Oumei Wang, Fanghua Liu
Wetland-estuarine-marine environments are typical oxic/anoxic transition zones and have complex water flow-paths within the zone of mixing where freshwater interacts with ocean water. Little is known about the impact of this interaction on bacterial community structures or the relationship between bacterial community and geochemical factors in such transitional mixing environments. Hence, we investigated the distribution patterns and diversity in bacterial communities in the Yellow River estuary-coastal wetland-Bohai Sea transition zone by analyzing 39 samples from 13 ordered sites...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404780/environmental-modification-via-a-quorum-sensing-molecule-influences-the-social-landscape-of-siderophore-production
#8
Roman Popat, Freya Harrison, Ana C da Silva, Scott A S Easton, Luke McNally, Paul Williams, Stephen P Diggle
Bacteria produce a wide variety of exoproducts that favourably modify their environment and increase their fitness. These are often termed 'public goods' because they are costly for individuals to produce and can be exploited by non-producers (cheats). The outcome of conflict over public goods is dependent upon the prevailing environment and the phenotype of the individuals in competition. Many bacterial species use quorum sensing (QS) signalling molecules to regulate the production of public goods. QS, therefore, determines the cooperative phenotype of individuals, and influences conflict over public goods...
April 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402894/reductive-dechlorination-of-carbon-tetrachloride-by-bioreduction-of-nontronite
#9
Sungjun Bae, Ji Bong Joo, Woojin Lee
Reductive dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride (CT) was investigated during bioreduction of iron-containing clay mineral (i.e., nontronite) by iron-reducing bacteria (Shewanella putrefaciens CN32 (CN32)). In the absence of CT, the production of Fe(II) significantly increased in nontronite suspension with CN32 in 124 d (11.1% of Fe(III) reduction), resulting in formation of new secondary Fe(II) mineral phase (i.e., vivianite (Fe(II)3(PO4)2·8H2O)). In the presence of CT, an acceleration of CT dechlorination was observed after 13 d and it reached almost 68% of removal efficiency at 32 d in nontronite suspension with CN32, which was 1...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402041/inactivation-of-ferric-uptake-regulator-fur-attenuates-helicobacter-pylori-j99-motility-by-disturbing-the-flagellar-motor-switch-and-autoinducer-2-production
#10
Ai-Yun Lee, Cheng-Yen Kao, Yao-Kuan Wang, Ssu-Yuan Lin, Tze-Ying Lai, Bor-Shyang Sheu, Chien-Jung Lo, Jiunn-Jong Wu
BACKGROUND: Flagellar motility of Helicobacter pylori has been shown to be important for the bacteria to establish initial colonization. The ferric uptake regulator (Fur) is a global regulator that has been identified in H. pylori which is involved in the processes of iron uptake and establishing colonization. However, the role of Fur in H. pylori motility is still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Motility of the wild-type, fur mutant, and fur revertant J99 were determined by a soft-agar motility assay and direct video observation...
April 12, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401463/crop-specific-plant-growth-promoting-effects-of-accd-enzyme-and-siderophore-producing-and-cynogenic-fluorescent-pseudomonas
#11
Priyanka, Toshy Agrawal, Anil S Kotasthane, Ashok Kosharia, Renu Kushwah, Najam Waris Zaidi, U S Singh
Fluorescent Pseudomonas, aerobic, Gram-negative bacteria possess many traits that make them well suited as biocontrol and growth promoting agents. Our study revealed that isolates vary in mechanisms involved in the antagonist interactions against pathogen and growth stimulatory effects on host plant. Most of the potential antagonistic fluorescent Pseudomonas identified were avid iron chelators (P233, P201, 176, P76 and, P76). Wide variation in ACCd enzyme production was observed. ACCd enzyme assay tested P141 > P247 > P126, as potential ACCd enzyme producer...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401391/temporal-abundance-and-activity-trends-of-vinyl-chloride-vc-degrading-bacteria-in-a-dilute-vc-plume-at-naval-air-station-oceana
#12
Yi Liang, Laura J Cook, Timothy E Mattes
Assessment and monitoring of microbial community dynamics is useful when tracking the progress of vinyl chloride (VC) bioremediation strategies, particularly in dilute plumes where apparent VC attenuation rates are low. In a long-term field study, the abundance and the activity of microbial VC degraders were tracked in three monitoring wells (MW05, MW25, and MW19) along a dilute VC plume at Naval Air Station (NAS) Oceana. High-throughput sequencing of partial 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes and transcripts revealed diverse groundwater microbial communities and showed that methanotrophs and anaerobic respirers (e...
April 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397387/a-geochemical-study-of-the-ediacaran-discoidal-fossil-aspidella-preserved-in-limestones-implications-for-its-taphonomy-and-paleoecology
#13
N Bykova, B C Gill, D Grazhdankin, V Rogov, S Xiao
The Ediacara biota features the rise of macroscopic complex life immediately before the Cambrian explosion. One of the most abundant and widely distributed elements of the Ediacara biota is the discoidal fossil Aspidella, which is interpreted as a subsurface holdfast possibly anchoring a frondose epibenthic organism. It is a morphologically simple fossil preserved mainly in siliciclastic rocks, which are unsuitable for comprehensive stable isotope geochemical analyses to decipher its taphonomy and paleoecology...
April 11, 2017: Geobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396543/a-topical-hydrogel-with-deferiprone-and-gallium-protoporphyrin-targets-bacterial-iron-metabolism-and-has-antibiofilm-activity
#14
Katharina Richter, Nicky Thomas, Jolien Claeys, Jonathan McGuane, Clive A Prestidge, Tom Coenye, Peter-John Wormald, Sarah Vreugde
Many infectious diseases are associated with multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria residing in biofilms that require high antibiotic concentrations. Whilst oral drug-delivery is frequently ineffective, topical treatments have the potential to deliver higher drug concentrations to the infection-site while reducing systemic side-effects.This study determined the antibiofilm activity of a surgical wound-gel loaded with the iron-chelator deferiprone (Def) and the heme-analogue gallium-protoporphyrin (GaPP), alone and in combination with ciprofloxacin...
April 10, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396353/the-histidine-residue-of-qsec-is-required-for-canonical-signaling-between-qseb-and-pmrb-in-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli
#15
Erin J Breland, Ellisa W Zhang, Tomas Bermudez, Charles R Martinez, Maria Hadjifrangiskou
Two-component systems are prototypically comprised of a histidine kinase (sensor) and a response regulator (responder). The sensor kinases auto-phosphorylate at a conserved histidine residue, acting as a phospho-donor for subsequent phosphotransfer to and activation of a cognate response regulator. In rare cases, the histidine residue is also essential for response regulator de-phosphorylation via a reverse-phosphotransfer reaction. In this work, we present an example of a kinase that relies on reverse-phosphotransfer to catalyze the de-phosphorylation of its cognate partner...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389534/microbial-community-structure-of-a-serpentine-hosted-abiotic-gas-seepage-at-the-chimaera-ophiolite-turkey
#16
Anna Neubeck, Li Sun, Bettina Müller, Magnus Ivarsson, Hakan Hosgörmez, Dogacan Özcan, Curt Broman, Anna Schnürer
The surface waters at the ultramafic ophiolitic outcrop in Chimaera, Turkey, are characterized by high pH values and high metal levels due to the percolation of fluids through areas of active serpentinization. We describe the influence of the liquid chemistry, mineralogy, and H2 and CH4 levels on the bacterial community structure in a semi-dry, exposed ultramafic environment. The bacterial and archaeal community structures were monitored using Illumina sequencing targeting the16S rRNA gene. At all sampling points, four phyla, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Chloroflexi and Acidobacteria, accounted for the majority of taxa...
April 7, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383577/interactions-of-the-periplasmic-binding-protein-ceue-with-fe-iii-n-licam-4-siderophore-analogues-of-varied-linker-length
#17
Ellis J Wilde, Adam Hughes, Elena V Blagova, Olga V Moroz, Ross P Thomas, Johan P Turkenburg, Daniel J Raines, Anne-Kathrin Duhme-Klair, Keith S Wilson
Bacteria use siderophores to mediate the transport of essential Fe(III) into the cell. In Campylobacter jejuni the periplasmic binding protein CeuE, an integral part of the Fe(III) transport system, has adapted to bind tetradentate siderophores using a His and a Tyr side chain to complete the Fe(III) coordination. A series of tetradentate siderophore mimics was synthesized in which the length of the linker between the two iron-binding catecholamide units was increased from four carbon atoms (4-LICAM(4-)) to five, six and eight (5-, 6-, 8-LICAM(4-), respectively)...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382330/metatranscriptomics-supports-the-mechanism-for-biocathode-electroautotrophy-by-candidatus-tenderia-electrophaga
#18
Brian J Eddie, Zheng Wang, W Judson Hervey, Dagmar H Leary, Anthony P Malanoski, Leonard M Tender, Baochuan Lin, Sarah M Strycharz-Glaven
Biocathodes provide a stable electron source to drive reduction reactions in electrotrophic microbial electrochemical systems. Electroautotrophic biocathode communities may be more robust than monocultures in environmentally relevant settings, but some members are not easily cultivated outside the electrode environment. We previously used metagenomics and metaproteomics to propose a pathway for coupling extracellular electron transfer (EET) to carbon fixation in "Candidatus Tenderia electrophaga," an uncultivated but dominant member of an electroautotrophic biocathode community...
March 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377745/photoferrotrophy-remains-of-an-ancient-photosynthesis-in-modern-environments
#19
REVIEW
Antonio Camacho, Xavier A Walter, Antonio Picazo, Jakob Zopfi
Photoferrotrophy, the process by which inorganic carbon is fixed into organic matter using light as an energy source and reduced iron [Fe(II)] as an electron donor, has been proposed as one of the oldest photoautotrophic metabolisms on Earth. Under the iron-rich (ferruginous) but sulfide poor conditions dominating the Archean ocean, this type of metabolism could have accounted for most of the primary production in the photic zone. Here we review the current knowledge of biogeochemical, microbial and phylogenetic aspects of photoferrotrophy, and evaluate the ecological significance of this process in ancient and modern environments...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373869/the-role-of-enriched-microbial-consortium-on-iron-reducing-bioaugmentation-in-sediments
#20
Yuanyuan Pan, Xunan Yang, Meiying Xu, Guoping Sun
Microbial iron reduction is an important biogeochemical process and involved in various engineered processes, including the traditional clay dyeing processes. Bioaugmentation with iron reducing bacteria (IRB) is generally considered as an effective method to enhance the activity of iron reduction. However, limited information is available about the role of IRB on bioaugmentation. To reveal the roles of introduced IRB on bioaugmentation, an IRB consortium enriched with ferric citrate was inoculated into three Fe(II)-poor sediments which served as the pigments for Gambiered Guangdong silk dyeing...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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