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Iron bacteria

Wenbing Wang, Yanqing Wu
1,1,1-Trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA), a dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL), is relatively slow to remediate naturally; combination of zero-valent iron and immobilized microorganism is a potential means to accelerate DNAPL biodegradation. We first adopted high density luffa sponge (HDLS) as immobilized microorganism carrier. The experimental results demonstrated that (1) the supernatant liquid microorganisms were the optimal immobilized microorganisms for HDLS and (2) the combination of zero-valent iron and immobilized microorganisms accelerated 1,1,1-TCA transformation...
October 25, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Melissa Ellermann, Janelle C Arthur
Iron is an essential micronutrient for most life forms including the majority of resident bacteria of the microbiota and their mammalian hosts. Bacteria have evolved numerous mechanisms to competitively acquire iron within host environments, such as the secretion of small molecules known as siderophores that can solubilize iron for bacterial use. However, siderophore biosynthesis and acquisition is not a capability equally harbored by all resident bacteria. Moreover, the structural diversity of siderophores creates variability in the susceptibility to host mechanisms that serve to counteract siderophore-mediated iron acquisition and limit bacterial growth...
October 22, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Dijun Zhang, Weina He, Qianqian Tong, Jun Zhou, Xiurong Su
BACKGROUND: The acquisition of iron is important for the pathogenicity of bacteria and blood. Three different culture environments (Fe stimulation, blood agar plate and normal plate) were used to stimulate Enterobacter cloacae, and their respective pathogenicities were compared at the proteomic, mRNA and metabolomic levels. METHODS: 2D-DIGE combined with MALDI-TOF-MS/MS, RT-PCR and (1)H NMR were used to analyze the differential expression levels of proteins, mRNA and metabolites...
2016: Proteome Science
Sella Kim, Ji-Hye Lee, Jong Hyeon Seok, Yi-Ho Park, Sang Won Jung, Art E Cho, Cheolju Lee, Mi Sook Chung, Kyung Hyun Kim
Iron and oxygen chemistry is mediated by iron proteins for many biological functions. Carboxylate-bridged diiron enzymes including ferritin have in common the mechanism of oxygen activation via peroxodiferric intermediates. However, the route for iron uptake and the structural identification of intermediates still remain incomplete. The 4-fold symmetry channel of Helicobacter pylori ferritin (Hpf) was previously proposed as the iron uptake route in eubacteria, but the amino acid residues at the 4-fold channel are not highly conserved...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
Jessica M Andriolo, Richard J Rossi, Casey A McConnell, Baili I Connors, Kevin Trout, M K Hailer, Marisa L Pedulla, Jack L Skinner
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have estimated that each year, two million people in the United States become infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, of which, approximately 23 000 die as a direct result of these infections. Phage therapy, or the treatment of bacterial infection by specific, antagonistic viruses, provides one alternative to traditional antibiotics. Bacteriophages, or phages, are bacteriaspecific viruses that possess biological traits that allow for not only the removal of bacterial infection, but also the evasion of bacterial resistance which renders antibiotics ineffective...
October 19, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
Glenn S Tillotson
Antibiotic resistance has been emerged as a major global health problem. In particular, gram-negative species pose a significant clinical challenge as bacteria develop or acquire more resistance mechanisms. Often, these bacteria possess multiple resistance mechanisms, thus nullifying most of the major classes of drugs. Novel approaches to this issue are urgently required. However, the challenges of developing new agents are immense. Introducing novel agents is fraught with hurdles, thus adapting known antibiotic classes by altering their chemical structure could be a way forward...
2016: Infectious Diseases
Jasmine S Berg, Dolma Michellod, Petra Pjevac, Clara Martinez-Perez, Caroline R T Buckner, Philipp F Hach, Carsten J Schubert, Jana Milucka, Marcel M M Kuypers
Iron redox reactions play an important role in carbon remineralization, supporting large microbial communities in iron-rich terrestrial and aquatic sediments. Stratified water columns with comparably low iron concentrations are globally widespread, but microbial iron cycling in these systems has largely been ignored. We found evidence for unexpectedly high iron turnover rates in the low (1-2 µmol·l(-1) ) iron waters of Lake Cadagno. Light-dependent, biological iron oxidation rates (1.4-13.8 µmol·l(-1) ·d(-1) ) were even higher than in ferruginous lakes with well-studied microbial iron cycles...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
B Demirhan, K Candoğan
The effects of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP-70% CO2/30%N2) and iron-based oxygen scavengers (OS) with various absorption capacities (Ageless(®) ss100, ss300, and ss500) as an active packaging system on microbiological and oxidative changes in chicken thigh meats were evaluated during refrigerated storage (4°C) for 19 d at 3-day intervals. Total aerobic mesophilic bacteria counts exceeded the acceptability limit at d 7 in the control group without MAP (AIR), and at d 19 in MAP and OS containing samples...
October 19, 2016: Poultry Science
Shanquan Wang, Siyuan Chen, Yu Wang, Adrian Low, Qihong Lu, Rongliang Qiu
Due to massive production and improper handling, organohalide compounds are widely distributed in subsurface environments, primarily in anoxic groundwater, soil and sediment. Compared to traditional pump-and-treat or dredging-and-disposal treatments, in situ remediation employing abiotic or biotic reductive dehalogenation represents a sustainable and economic solution for the removal of organohalide pollutants. Both nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) and organohalide-respiring bacteria remove halogens through reductive dehalogenation and have been extensively studied and successfully applied for the in situ remediation of chloroethenes and other organohalide pollutants...
October 17, 2016: Biotechnology Advances
Jingqing Liu, Hongxing Ren, Xianbei Ye, Wei Wang, Yan Liu, Liping Lou, Dongqing Cheng, Xiaofang He, Xiaoyan Zhou, Shangde Qiu, Liusong Fu, Baolan Hu
Biofilms in the pipe wall may lead to water quality deterioration and biological instability in drinking water distribution systems (DWDSs). In this study, bacterial community radial-spatial distribution in biofilms along the pipe wall in a chlorinated DWDS of East China was investigated. Three pipes of large diameter (300, 600, and 600 mm) were sampled in this DWDS, including a ductile cast iron pipe (DCIP) with pipe age of 11 years and two gray cast iron pipes (GCIP) with pipe ages of 17 and 19 years, and biofilms in the upper, middle, and lower parts of each pipe wall were collected...
October 19, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jiangshan Ma, Keke Zhang, Mei Huang, Stanton B Hector, Bin Liu, Chunyi Tong, Qian Liu, Jiarui Zeng, Yan Gao, Ting Xu, Ying Liu, Xuanming Liu, Yonghua Zhu
BACKGROUND: Lignocellulolytic bacteria have revealed to be a promising source for biofuel production, yet the underlying mechanisms are still worth exploring. Our previous study inferred that the highly efficient lignocellulose degradation by bacterium Pantoea ananatis Sd-1 might involve Fenton chemistry (Fe(2+) + H2O2 + H(+) → Fe(3+) + OH· + H2O), similar to that of white-rot and brown-rot fungi. The aim of this work is to investigate the existence of this Fenton-based oxidation mechanism in the rice straw degradation process of P...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Lothar Esser, Fei Zhou, Yihui Zhou, Yumei Xiao, Wai-Kwan Tang, Chang-An Yu, Zhaohai Qin, Di Xia
The Complex III or cytochrome bc1 (cyt bc1) complex constitutes an integral part of the respiratory chain of most aerobic organisms and of the photosynthetic apparatus of anoxygenic purple bacteria. The function of cyt bc1 is to couple the reaction of electron transfer (ET) from ubiquinol to cytochrome c to proton pumping across the membrane. Mechanistically, the ET reaction requires docking of its Rieske iron-sulfur protein (ISP) subunit to the quinol oxidation (QP) site of the complex. Formation of an H-bond between the ISP and the bound substrate was proposed to mediate the docking...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Stefan Hofbauer, Georg Mlynek, Lisa Milazzo, Dominic Pühringer, Daniel Maresch, Irene Schaffner, Paul G Furtmüller, Giulietta Smulevich, Kristina Djinović-Carugo, Christian Obinger
Heme biosynthesis in Gram positive bacteria follows a recently described coproporphyrin-dependent pathway with HemQ catalyzing the decarboxylation of coproheme to heme b. Here we present the first crystal structure of a HemQ (homopentameric coproproheme-HemQ from Listeria monocytogenes) at 1.69 Å resolution and the conversion of coproheme to heme b followed by UV-vis and resonance Raman spectroscopy as well as mass spectrometry. The ferric 5-coordinated coproheme iron of HemQ is weakly bound by a neutral proximal histidine H174...
October 18, 2016: FEBS Journal
Grzegorz Majka, Grażyna Więcek, Małgorzata Śróttek, Klaudyna Śpiewak, Małgorzata Brindell, Joanna Koziel, Janusz Marcinkiewicz, Magdalena Strus
Translocation of bacteria, primarily Gram-negative pathogenic flora, from the intestinal lumen into the circulatory system leads to sepsis. In newborns, and especially very low birth weight infants, sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The results of recently conducted clinical trials suggest that lactoferrin, an iron-binding protein that is abundant in mammalian colostrum and milk, may be an effective agent in preventing sepsis in newborns. However, despite numerous basic studies on lactoferrin, very little is known about how metal saturation of this protein affects a host's health...
October 18, 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Raquel Rose Silva Correia, Jean Remy Davée Guimarães
Recent studies have shown Hg methylation in mangrove sediments, however, little is known about the different microorganism consortia involved. We investigated the participation of prokaryotes in general, iron-reducing bacteria-IRB, sulfate-reducing bacteria-SRB, methanogens and fungi in Hg methylation and sulfate reduction rates (SRR) in mangrove sediments using iron amendments for IRB and specific inhibitors for the other microorganisms. Sediment samples were collected from two mangrove zones, tidal flat and mangrove forest (named root sediments)...
October 14, 2016: Chemosphere
Damien Keogh, Wei Hong Tay, Yao Yong Ho, Jennifer L Dale, Siyi Chen, Shivshankar Umashankar, Rohan B H Williams, Swaine L Chen, Gary M Dunny, Kimberly A Kline
Enterococcus faecalis is frequently associated with polymicrobial infections of the urinary tract, indwelling catheters, and surgical wound sites. E. faecalis co-exists with Escherichia coli and other pathogens in wound infections, but mechanisms that govern polymicrobial colonization and pathogenesis are poorly defined. During infection, bacteria must overcome multiple host defenses, including nutrient iron limitation, to persist and cause disease. In this study, we investigated the contribution of E. faecalis to mixed-species infection when iron availability is restricted...
October 12, 2016: Cell Host & Microbe
Nan Jian, Miriam Dowle, Richard D Horniblow, Chris Tselepis, Richard E Palmer
As the major iron storage protein, ferritin stores and releases iron for maintaining the balance of iron in fauna, flora, and bacteria. We present an investigation of the morphology and iron loading of ferritin (from equine spleen) using aberration-corrected high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy. Atom counting method, with size selected Au clusters as mass standards, was employed to determine the number of iron atoms in the nanoparticle core of each ferritin protein. Quantitative analysis shows that the nuclearity of iron atoms in the mineral core varies from a few hundred iron atoms to around 5000 atoms...
October 13, 2016: Nanotechnology
Rita Puglisi, Robert Yan, Salvatore Adinolfi, Annalisa Pastore
Iron sulfur clusters are essential universal prosthetic groups which can be formed inorganically but, in biology, are bound to proteins and produced enzymatically. Most of the components of the machine that produces the clusters are conserved throughout evolution. In bacteria, they are encoded in the isc operon. Previous reports provide information on the role of specific components but a clear picture of how the whole machine works is still missing. We have carried out a study of the effects of the co-chaperone HscB from the model system E...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Grace E Schwartz, Lauren K Redfern, Kaoru Ikuma, Claudia K Gunsch, Laura S Ruhl, Avner Vengosh, Heileen Hsu-Kim
Mercury (Hg) associated with coal ash is an environmental concern, particularly if the release of coal ash to the environment is associated with the conversion of inorganic Hg to methylmercury (MeHg), a bioaccumulative form of Hg that is produced by anaerobic microorganisms. In this study, sediment slurry microcosm experiments were performed to understand how spilled coal ash might influence MeHg production in anaerobic sediments of an aquatic ecosystem. Two coal ash types were used: (1) a weathered coal ash; and (2) a freshly collected, unweathered fly ash that was relatively enriched in sulfate and Hg compared to the weathered ash...
October 5, 2016: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Ning Wang, Xi-Mei Xue, Albert L Juhasz, Zhi-Zhou Chang, Hong-Bo Li
Previous studies have shown that biochar enhances microbial reduction of iron (Fe) oxyhydroxide under anaerobic incubation. However, there is a lack of data on its influence on arsenic (As) release from As-contaminated paddy soils. In this study, paddy soil slurries (120 mg As kg(-1)) were incubated under anaerobic conditions for 60 days with and without the addition of biochar (3%, w/w) prepared from rice straw at 500 °C. Arsenic release, Fe reduction, and As fractionation were determined at 1, 10, 20, 30, and 60 d, while Illumina sequencing and real-time PCR were used to characterize changes in soil microbial community structure and As transformation function genes...
October 6, 2016: Environmental Pollution
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